America and West Indies: Addenda 1667

Pages 144-146

Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies: Volume 9, 1675-1676 and Addenda 1574-1674. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1893.

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Addenda 1667

Shafteabury Papers.
377. "New Plantation at Cape Florida, Carolina."
Notice is hereby given to all ingenious and industrious persons that there is a new plantation begun 2 years since on the main land between Virginia and the Cape of Florida, at a place called Cape Fear, in the Province of Carolina, in the latitude of about 34 degrees. It is a climate most desirable for its temperature and fertility, as those that are there have written, and those lately come from thence do testify; they have two crops of Indian wheat in one year, and all grain, plants, and seeds that they commit to the earth do prosper exceedingly. They have naturally growing abundance of most stately timber of most sorts in England, but very many other sorts not known to us, as cedar, pines, sassafras, and other sweet woods; vines, also mulberry and olive trees, from whence come the three rich commodities of wine, silk, and oil. They have abundance of turkeys and other fowl in the woods, and great store of sturgeon, salmon, and many sorts of other good eating fish, both flat and round. They have since planted and produced very excellent tobacco, indigo, cotton, and potatoes, and other roots and fruits proper to Barbadoes, Virginia, and Bermudas, the nearness to which last places makes the planting thereof more easy. The privileges wherewith it is endowed makes it yet more desirable, the principal whereof follow:—
1st. There is full and free liberty of conscience granted, that those that are truly conscientious may have liberty to worship God according to their own way, provided they behave themselves orderly towards the Civil Government.
2nd. They shall choose from among themselves 13 persons or some other odd number, one whereof the Lords will appoint for Governor, and half of the other for his Council, which Governor is to rule for three years, and then learn to obey.
3rd. They shall choose from among themselves an Assembly (in the nature of a Parliament), who shall have the sole power of making all laws and laying taxes when need requires for the use of the Colony, and the Governor and Council to see the laws put in excecution.
4th. They are to have freedom from custom in England for all wine, fruit, currants, almonds, oil, olives, and silk they can produce for seven years, to commence when four tons of those commodities are at once imported in one ship.
5th. Every man and woman that transport themselves before the 24 June next, being 1667, shall have for himself, his wife, and each of his children, and every man servant he shall bring armed with a firelock or matchlock, musket statute bore, with 10 lbs. powder, 20 lbs. of bullet, 100 acres of land for each of them, to him and his heirs for ever, paying for every 1,000 acres 10s. per annum to the Lords for an acknowledgment, and for every woman servant and slave 50 acres.
6th. Every servant at the expiration of their service (which is four years) are (sic) to have the same quantity of land for him or herself that their master had for their bringing over and on the same conditions. Also the master is bound to give them two suits of apparel and a set of tools to work with when he is out of his time.
If any desire to transport themselves thither, or servants desire to be entertained, they may take the opportunity of the Virginia fleet, and from thence find easy passage thither, it being but three or four days' sail, and if they require further advice or information, let them repair to the (blank in orig.).
Endorsed as above. [Shaftesbury Papres, Section IX., Bundle 48, No. 83.]
378. Proposals by John Whitty for the inhabiting of Carolina and for building of cities and towns for the said Colony. That the King lend one of his great Flemish prizes to transport people free, the Lords Proprietors to victual and man said ship and to set down all people that will go free into said Colony. The freight which said ship will make from Barbadoes or Virginia will re-imburse their Lordship's charges and 800l. advantage which Whitty will engage. For building cities and towns, that the Lords Proprietors send six house carpenters, six bricklayers, three brickmakers, two joiners, and 30 other servants, some to plant corn and vines, and to look after cattle and hogs, said people to be servants for four years. When said houses are built, to let the tenants have their dwellings rent free for three years, after which time the rents to be paid to the Lords Proprietors. This will cost 1,200l. besides their clothing, and at the end of four years their Lordships will have cattle there worth 400l. Conjectures this to be the cheapest way of building cities and towns, where artificers, shipwrights, and other tradesmen will dwell and cause traffic and trading to all parts of the world and make the Colony famous. That fifty acres of land be allowed to every person young and old that shall be exported to that Colony. That the King grant the first lading of every ship built in the said country custom free, which New England had for many years. That said inhabitants may trade with goods of their own growth in ships built there into any port in Christendom, which he conceives will be the only means to put that Colony into a flourishing condition and to invite artificers and men of estates to inhabit there. 1½ pp. [Shaftesbury Papers, Section IX., Bundle 48, No. 68.]
1667 ? 379. The reasons to be annexed to the answer of the Burgesses which they have already presented to the Governor and Council of State of Virginia. In reference to the quantity of tobacco to be planted yearly in the Colony; the prejudice to the Colony to propound a stock of money to be yearly provided to take off their tobacco at a certain price; the inconvenience and prejudice of building warehouses to bring their tobacco to; the impossibility of giving a general account of the present engagements of every particular man; and their full confidence in Lord Maltravers or any other whom the King shall appoint for supplying them with a coin. [Col. Papers, Vol. 33, No. 103.] There are several papers in 1667, in a previous volume of this Calendar, about a cessation of planting tobacco which was reported upon by the Lords Committee of Trade and Plantations on 30 Oct. 1667. Lord Maltravers had license to stamp farthing tokens in 1639 for 21 years, and "utter the same" in all his Majesty's plantations except Maryland, see Col. Cal., 1574–1660, p. 290.]
380. Styles and titles of Charles, Earl of Carliale, Governor of Jamaica; Thomas, Lord Culpeper, Governor of Virginia; Sir Jonathan Atkins, Governor of Barbadoes, St. Lucia, St. Vincent, Dominica, and the rest of the Caribbee islands lying to windward of Guadaloupe; Col. Stapleton, Governor of St. Christopher's, Nevis, Montserrat, Autigua, Barbuda, and Anguilla lying to leeward from Guadaloupe to St John de Porto Rico; and Edward Cranfield, Governor of New Hampshire. 1 p. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. 110, p. 1.]