America and West Indies: Miscellaneous, 1675

Pages 327-330

Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies: Volume 9, 1675-1676 and Addenda 1574-1674. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1893.

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Miscellaneous, 1675

765. Mem.—"Mr. Wren was to tell you the Eagle ketch was ready at Portsmouth to pass with the packet to Nova Scotia but wants money, which my Lord Anglesey is to be desired may be paid for the purpose." Fragment by Sir Joseph Williamson. [Col. Papers, Vol. 35, No. 77.]
766. Mem.— A. An alien stranger dies in Jamaica possessed of real and personal estate, which it is alleged escheated to his Majesty. B. Obtains a grant thereof from his Majesty and demands possession. C. Who is in possession, pretends title by a grant from the late Governor Sir Tho. Lynch. Now B. would know whether his Majesty granted escheats to Sir Tho. Lynch in his Commission or not. ½ p. [Col. Papers, Vol. 35, No. 76.]
767. Mem.— That Mr. Secretary Williamson be shown the abstracts of letters from Hamburgh and Amsterdam, and also the paragraphs written by the Company (Royal African) to their agent about Fredericksberg. And to acquaint him that that place is no castle but five or six thatched houses with mud walls; only some guns are planted upon heaps of stones which are washed almost down every time of the rains. But lying upon a hill overlooking our fort, and less than a mile distant, it may be dangerous to suffer the Hollander to possess it. Also at Cabo Corso the Danes have a house. The Danes have a fort at Acra called Christiansberg which it is likely they will part with, also if they part with Fredericksberg the former may be more useful for trade. Annexed,
767. i. Extracts of letters respecting a design of the Dutch to take Fredericksberg in Guinea from the Danes. That they have sent out four ships to surprise that place. To persuade those of Fredericksberg to deliver it into the hands of the English rather than let it come into possession of the Hollanders. It is understood the Danes' house, built upon some part of English ground, is fallen down, to hinder the rebuilding, and as it is believed they will never be able to set out another ship "whereby to make an appearance of being a company," a ship they had lately laden with a full stock was cast away and lost. To treat with their agent to deliver up any or all the places the Danes have upon the coast, and take possession if to be had on reasonable terms. If he cannot prevail with the Danish agent to give up possession of the fort, then try with a gratuity to incite the Natives to obstruct the Dutch, and anticipate them in their design, getting possession for the (Royal African) Company. 1675, March-Nov. 1½ pp, [Col. Papers, Vol. 35, Nos. 78, 79.]
768. Description of rivers, capes, places, and towns in Africa, "in 6 deg. 50 m., N. lat.," also the trade and advantages of each place, being elephants' teeth, rice, gold, slaves, corn, &c. They include Cape Mount, Cape Mount Surada, the river Cestos Languenl, Buffo, Sino, Wappo, Grand Cettra, Cape Palmas. Quaqna Coast; Druen, river Andrea, Cape Lahow. Gold Coast; river Ashenee, Cape Apolonia, Axemi, a Dutch castle of 14 or 16 guns, built by the Portuguese, a river by it is said to have a quantity of gold; Butterne, a Dutch castle, also a factory, with 6 or 8 guns in a stone fort; Anto, where is trade for corn, gold, and slaves. We had a fort there formerly of 12 guns, but it was blown up by De Ruyter; we have since had a factory in a negro's house. Succunde, 4 miles from Anto, where we have a factory in a negro's house. At Shuma the Dutch have a small castle of 10 or 14 guns; in this river all their ships wood and water, and supplies the mine with wood, good trade for gold and slaves. At Comenda the Dutch and we have factories in negroes' houses. Castle S. George de Mina, the Dutch chief castle, with commonly 180 to 200 white soldiers and about 46 guns mounted; a horse pistol shot from it they have a castle on top of a hill called St. Agoe, of 24 guns, which commands the Mine Castle. Cape Corso, where is our castle. Fredericksberg, chief of the Danes' factories, a small mile eastward of Cape Corso, only a few thatched houses and 2 or 3 platforms, with 12 or 14 small guns. Nassau, at Morea, is a brick fort of 16 or 18 brass guns, built by the States of Holland, and given the Company before they took Castle de Mina from the Portuguese. At Anathan, 7 miles from Morea, we had a fort there formerly of 12 or 14 guns, which for want of repair is fallen down, but the guns remain except Agent. Mellish hath fetched them away. Annamabo, where was a small fort built by the Swedes, but in possession of the Dutch when we took it from them, was blown up, and a small charge will rebuild it. May land or go aboard if wars, in spite of Natives. Agga, where was formerly a Dutch castle, but blown up by the English, who have had a factory there ever since. Cormantin Castle, of 24 or 26 guns, now in possession of the Dutch. Wyamba, we had a fort formerly here, but went to ruin in time of civil wars at home; it would be the best place of trade on the coast if the Natives would let the inland merchants pass quitely through their country, which they never could be brought to, living most of all on plundering their neighbours and on hire for serving others in war; good place for slaves and corn. At Accra, 10 leagues from Wyamba, the Dutch have a fort of 6 or 8 guns, the Danes a fort of 8 or 10 guns called Christiansberg, and we have a factoury here, a good place for trade of good gold and plenty of slaves. Best time of the year to arrive on the Grain Coast, Quaqua Coast, and Gold Coast. Distances of sundry places from Cape Corso Castle. 4 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. 35, No. 80.]
769. "Observations in the year 1675 by me (Sir John Berry), then commanding H.M.S. Bristol, in relation to the trade and inhabitants of Newfoundland" (see ante, No. 744). That by the King's instructions he commanded all the inhabitants to remove either home or into some of the Plantations, though Mr. Parrott and others have abused his Majesty with contrary relations, "which I utterly disown." 1, The strongly garrisoned French fortifications in Placentia and other parts are for securing their fishing trade only, and not for the beaver trade as pretended, for no Indians ever come to those parts. 2, The commanders of the fishing ships destroy the stages, &c, for firing, that they make their voyages before their followers, and not by the inhabitants as is pretended. 3, That, in 1675, 45 of the chief western masters said that, if the planters were removed, the trade would be utterly destroyed, for reasons which follow, the tenth and last being that, if the inhabitants are taken off and the French left solely in pos session to enlarge their fisheries as they please, they will in a short. time invest themselves of the whole at least of Ferryland and St. John's, where harbours are almost naturally fortified, to the disadvantage of trade, if not the loss of all. Conceives the disorders are such as throwing stones and ballast into the harbours, the destruction of thousands of trees by barking them to cover their stages, houses, and cook rooms, besides firing; that there will be no regularity in the fishery in Newfoundland until it be settled under Government. 3 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. 35, No. 81.]
770. Duplicate of the preceding signed by Sir John Berry. Endorsed, "Rec. 18 Aug. 1676. Read 5 Dec. 1676." [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXV., No. 82.]
771. An Act passed in the island of Montserrat restraining Physicians' high fees and fixing rum works. Printed in "Acts of Assembly passed in the island of Montserrat from 1668 to 1740 inclusive. London, 1740." [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LV, p. 32.]
772. Map of the Windward and Leeward Islands in America, from Porto Rico to Trinidad, showing the English islands coloured red, the French green, the Spanish yellow, and Indian black. One sheet. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XLVI., frontispiece.]