America and West Indies: September 1676

Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies: Volume 9, 1675-1676 and Addenda 1574-1674. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1893.

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'America and West Indies: September 1676', Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies: Volume 9, 1675-1676 and Addenda 1574-1674, (London, 1893), pp. 446-459. British History Online [accessed 19 June 2024].

. "America and West Indies: September 1676", in Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies: Volume 9, 1675-1676 and Addenda 1574-1674, (London, 1893) 446-459. British History Online, accessed June 19, 2024,

. "America and West Indies: September 1676", Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies: Volume 9, 1675-1676 and Addenda 1574-1674, (London, 1893). 446-459. British History Online. Web. 19 June 2024,

September 1676

Sept. 5–6. 1027. Journal of Assembly of Barbadoes. Ferdinando Bushell elected member for the parish of St. Phillip. Sir Alexander Walrond gone off the island. Having met three several times by adjournment, the Assembly proceeded according to the rules of the House to elect a Speaker, William Sharpe chosen. Debate on an Act to regulate proceedings in the Court of Chancery and the fees also of the Naval Office.
Sept. 6. Three Acts passed, for reviving and continuing the authority of Commissioners for settling public accounts; appointing satisfaction to the owners of such negroes as have lately suffered death for their rebellion; and to regulate the proceedings in the Court of Chancery and the fees of the masters, examiner, clerk, registrar, and sergeant-at-arms, and the fees of the clerk of the Naval Office. Debate on information received of abuses done to the ministry and services in the church, and address agreed on to his Excellency; his reply, and answer of the Assembly that Henry Quintin is the Judge who used scandalous and scurrilous expressions against Isaac Roet, minister of St. John's, and the services of the church, on the evidence of John Kendall, John Hethersell, and Nathaniel Johnson. Ordered, that the salaries of Thomas Larkham, gunner of James Fort, William Bragg, gunner of Willoughby Fort, John Higinbotham, clerk of the Assembly, and Joseph Withers, marshal, be paid by the Treasurer. Acts passed, for imposition on liquors; to prevent frauds and concealments in the payment of excise; and to prevent the breaking up and taking away of any rocks or stones in any part of the sea or sea-shore before this island. Paper communicated by his Excellency, in relation to the Royal African Company sending a certain number of negroes to this island yearly, to lie for consideration at the next sitting of the Assembly. Ordered that Edwyn Stede, Deputy Secretary, appear before the House the second day of their next sitting, to answer certain complaints against him. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XIII., pp. 229–235.]
Sept. 9. 1028. Warrant to [the Attorney-General]. To prepare a Bill for his Majesty's signature to pass the Great Seal, for a "Patent for Viginia," containing a declaration that the inhabitants shall have their immediate dependence upon the Crown of England, under a Governor who shall reside there, the confirmation to the inhabitants and their heirs of their lands, and encouragement to future planters; that every subject coming to dwell in said plantation shall have fifty acres; that persons in possession of escheated lands shall hold them to them and their heirs, paying two pounds of tobacco per acre composition; and that power be given to the Governor and Council to determine treasons, murders, felonies, and other offences. [Col. Entry Bks., Vol. LXXX., pp. 94–96, Vol. XCV., pp. 133–137, and Vol. CX., p. 99.] With mem., "That the Great Seal bears date Oct. 10, 28 Car. II. [1676]."
Sept. 12.
1029. Colonel Philip Warner to [Secretary Williamson ?]. His long silence has not been occasioned through want of respect, but his troubles, which have drowned his thoughts of all other things. This brings the good tidings of his deliverance after full twelve months' imprisonment in England, and on the 8th instant he was brought to a public trial. His judges were 25 gentlemen from the Leewards and this place, the jury from this island only. Great search to find evidence against him, but none found but to his advantage. Proved Hamlin a perjured rogue, so the grand jury acquitted Warner, and he was discharged by proclamation. Is returning in a few days to Antigua, where he promises himself a great deal of future content in a private retired life. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXVII., No. 50.]
Sept. 14.
1030. Journal of the Lords of Trade and Plantations. Letter read from Colonel Stapleton, dated Nevis, 17th July last [see ante No. 990], and the consideration thereof as well as of others not yet read referred until Thursday next, when several gentlemen of the Leeward Isles promise to give their attendance.
N.B.—On 28th September the gentlemen of the Leeward Islands "are to attend" on Monday at ten o'clock, when that business will be considered, but there is no further reference in this Journal to the Leeward Isles until 25th January 1676–67, when Colonel Stapleton's letter of 22nd November 1676 was read. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. CIV., pp. 211, 219, 286.]
Sept. 15 ? 1031. "Nathaniel Bacon, his manifesto concerning the present troubles in Virginia. If to plead the cause of the oppressed, if sincerely to aim at his Majesty's honour and the public good without any reservation or by interest, if to stand in the gap after so much blood of our dear brethren bought and sold, if after the loss of a great part of his Majesty's Colony deserted and dispeopled, freely with our lives and estates to endeavour to save the remainder, be treason, God Almighty judge, and let the guilty die." Cannot in our hearts find one single spot of rebellion or treason, or that we have in any manner aimed at the subverting the settled government or attempting the person of any. The people in all places where we have yet been can attest our civil, quiet, peaceable behaviour, far different from that of rebellion or tumultuous persons. "Let the truth be told and let all the world know the real foundations of pretended guilt. We appeal to the country itself what and of what nature their oppressions have been, or by what cabal and mystery the designs of many of those whom we call great men have been transacted and carried on." Let us trace these men in authority and favour, let us observe the sudden rise of their estates or the reputation they have held here, and see whether their extraction and education have not been vile, and by what pretence they could so soon step into employments of great trust and consequence, and let us consider whether any public work for our safety and defence or for the advancement of trade, liberal arts or sciences, is here extant in any way adequate to our vast charge, let us compare these things and see what spunges have sucked up the public treasure, unworthy favorites, and juggling parasites, whose tottering fortunes have been supported. Let all people judge what can be of more dangerous import than to suspect the so long safe proceedings of our grandees. Another main article of our guilt, our manifest aversion of all not only foreign but the protected and darling Indians, which we are informed is rebellion of a deep dye. as both the Governor and Council are by Colonel Coles' assertion bound to defend the Queen and the Appannatocks with their blood. Declares them enemies to the King and country, robbers and thieves, and invaders of his Majesty's rights, yet have they by the Governor been pardoned and indemnified with encouragement and favour, and their firearms restored. Another main article of our guilt is our design not only to ruin and extirpate all Indians in general, but all manner of trade with them, since the Governor by commission warrants this trade, who dare oppose it, although plantations be deserted, and the blood of our brethren spilt on all sides, our complaints continually murder upon murder. Who dare say that these traders at the heads of the rivers buy and sell our blood, and do still, notwithstanding the late Act to the contrary. Another article of our guilt is to assert all those neighbour Indians, as well as others, to be outlawed, wholly unqualified for the protection of the law, for that the law doth reciprocally protect and punish. But the Indians cannot, according to the tenure or form of any law to us known, be prosecuted, seized, or complained against. The very foundation of all these disasters is the grant of the beaver trade to the Governor, but to say the grant is illegal, were not this to deserve the name of rebel and traitor. "But to manifest our zeal and loyalty to the world, and how much we abhor those bitter names, may all the world know that we do unanimously desire to represent our sad and heavy grievance to his most sacred Majesty as our refuge and sanctuary where we do well know that all our causes will be impartially heard and equal justice administered to all men." 3 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXVII., No. 51.]
Sept. 16 ? 1032. Secretary Sir Henry Coventry to the Attorney-General. The King having received account of great disorders and a rebellious war in Virginia, and having great consideration for the age and infirmities of Sir William Berkeley, totally unsuitable to the execution of so weighty a charge as the management of the King's affairs there, and at the same time having regard to his long, faithful, and successful services to himself and his Royal Father, is willing to comply Sir William Berkeley's petition to give him leave to retire for his ease and recovery of his strength, but not to take from him the title and dignity of Governor. He is therefore required to draw a commission for Sir Henry Chicheley to be Deputy-Governor during Berkeley's retirement, but to act as Governor in chief, and to be accountable for the management of the Government. And as Chicheley was appointed Deputy-Governor, in case of Berkeley failing by death, sickness, &c., so his Majesty commands that the Attorney-General prepare a commission to pass the great seal for Captain Thomas Fairfax to be Lieutenant Deputy-Governor. Also commissions, with power of pardoning treasons and felonies relating to this present rebellion with certain exceptions, and for exercising martial law during this war. 3 pp. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XCV., pp. 113–115.]
Sept. 16. 1033. Secretary Coventry to Sir Jonathan Atkins, Governor of Barbadoes. Is informed at large by his of 3/13 May of his thoughts about his Majesty granting places by patent in general, and that in particular to [Ralph] Wyat to be clerk of the market in Barbadoes [see ante, No. 776]. Conceives that what places his predecessors have heretofore granted ought in ordinary course to be at the disposal of the Governor, and shall make it his care that the Governor shall be very barely, if at all, entrenched upon in that kind. But must take leave on the other side to say that it would be a very great injury to his Majesty's sovereignty if in favour to Governors he be absolutely precluded from exercising both his power and his bounty at what times and upon what persons he shall think fit, and believes Governor Atkins will not find such grants very frequent or extravagant. [Mem. in margin.— A duplicate of this letter was sent with the word extravagant left out.] That which his Majesty made to Mr. Wyat being under the great seal ought certainly to have its just validity and reverence from that royal stamp; besides that, it was an act not barely of his Majesty's will and pleasure, but built upon Mr. Wyat's own merit and services, who Coventry confesses is somewhat in years, and therefore the fitter to close with the Governor's proposal of a recompense in lieu of the grace and benefit which his Majesty intended by that grant. Cannot (altered in margin to will not) pretend to act as a Chancellor (between you omitted in margin) in the case, but shall only acquaint him with Mr. Wyat's desires, which Coventry thinks reasonable, and leaves it to Governor Atkins to consider whether he thinks so. Proposes this alternative either in case the place be not resigned to Wyat, together with the profits made since April last, the date of his patent in April last, that he have 80l. per annum, or that his interest be bought for 400l., by bills of exchange on good men in London. Pretends not to determine anything in this case, but desires him to remember that Wyat has been a considerable planter in Barbadoes. Shall expect his answer with convenient speed. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. CI., p. 102.]
Sept. 16.
1034. Secretary Sir H. Coventry to Lord Vaughan, Governor of Jamaica. Encloses copy of petition to his Majesty from a subject of the King of Spain, an inhabitant of Carthagena. His Majesty in very particular manner recommends petitioner's case, that the Governor examine the truth of his allegations, and if he find sufficient grounds in petitioner's cause and effects in the hands of those that have done him wrong, his Lordship will do a thing very acceptable to his Majesty to see that reasonable satisfaction be made to the poor man. Encloses,
1034. i. Petition of Dom Andreas de Camargo of Carthagena and of John de Molina, Master of the ship Las Animas, to King Charles II. For relief and restitution of their ship and cargo, worth at least 20,000 pieces of 8, seized by Robert Turner, Edward Bellasis, and accomplices, with a canoe armed with ten men, when petitioners were ashore at Port Royal. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. CX., p. 101.]
Sept. 19
Jan. 29.
1035. Journal of the ship Young Prince, Robert Morris, Commander, during the time she was in the King's service in James River. September 19th. Came to Kicowtan, Captain Prin informed us the country was all up in arms, came to anchor also the Bohemia merchant and Mr. Gilbert. 20th. All weighed [anchor], but at Newport Newes the wind "nothered," so anchored; a sloop coming down the river informed them the Governor had quitted James town and was coming down with his men and shipping; sent advice to the Governor by Captain Gillam, who came aboard. 21st. Having had a very bad night, he informed us of the burning of James town, but could not get up the river. 22nd. Got up above Newport Newes, Mr. Moore came aboard, received a command from the Governor. the country all flying before him 23rd. Several boats and sloops came down the river and anchored, the "Jameco ship" attempted to go away, but Mr. Prin shot at them, and a sloop went after. 24th. The ship turned up to us again, and Captain Junifer viewed our letters and took what he thought fit and carried to the Governor. 25th. We ride fast, expecting the Governor who was in Workqueck Bay; Colonel Warner came to us. 26th. The Governor came to us at Newport Newes. 27th. The Governor mustered his men on shore, and there came down a sloop of Bacon's who fired at one of ours, so the Governor sent to us and Captain Prin to send our long boat after them, but it proved dark, and we could not find them. 28th. Perceived the sloop close to the shore, between two great guards, so we landed at a creek below Blunt Point, and marched by land to Newport Newes with twenty men; a party of Bacon's men fired at us to come on shore as rogues, and shot on board Captain Larrimore. 29th. Sailed to Kicowtan Road. 30th The Admiral aground, so the Governor requested us to stay in the river, and he gave us our orders and commission. October 1st. Anchored at mouth of Elizabeth River, sent ashore to Colonel Mason. 3rd. We took a boat belonging to Major Chilsey with four runaways and three guns; the militia of this county came aboard, and ordered us forty men and a sloop to wait on us. 4th. The people quit the west branch for fear of Captain Crew's sloop with flag of truce that we might go over to Kicowtan and trade with one Greene, but we answered it was not safe to trade with rebels at night when all hostages were on board; all the ships fired on the sloop when she weighed, but it blowing hard she got off and went to Hampton River. 5th. The lower Norfolk men quitted west branch of Elizabeth River. 6th. We received letters from Major Sawyer and Bacon's men, with their Declaration, and returned answers to each. 7th. We stood over to Hampton River and saw the sloop, we anchored in the mouth of Nancimond and had intelligence the enemy had retreated. 8th. Went cruising towards Point Comfort. 9th. Richard Cannon went up to the Hundred, our long boat went for water, but through bad weather could not get on board. 11th. Drove up and down the river, a man fell and was killed; we stopped Dr. Lee, having Bacon's commission about him. 13th. The sloop Ann, Captain Hanacom, came with 22 men; at night we sent her to discover where the guards lay, but they were discovered, so fired on them and came off again. 14th. Sent ashore to Colonel Mason, our sloop and man-of-war stood close in so the two sloops in Hampton River stood out but could do no good. 15th. Spying a flag on Newport Newes we turned up Hampton River, but Mr. Prin's boat got first ashore and spoke with Mr. Hunt, but was advised to be gone, so we anchored at Kicowtan and resolved on the morrow to go to the Governor, and with 24 men to attack the House at Newport Newes; the two sloops at Hampton River were gone, a yawl sent to see was fired at from the shore. 16th. Our men came aboard the sloop, and had landed, but at the word "Stand" they all ran away, and so the design spoiled through cowardice; saw several sloops, commanded our sloop to go down, she came from York, but no news. 17th. A small boat came, which we imagined to be a scout or spy from York. 18th. Dirty weather, the Governor sent us a letter from Accomack that two ships were gone up the Bay. 19th. The boat went with letters to the Governor. 20th. The man-of-war sloop returned; Colonel Mason brought us five soldiers, and we apprehended Hunt's boat and two of his men. 27th. We stood in to the mouth of Elizabeth River, and sent the sloop ashore to trim, and in evening resolved to go to Nancimond to hinder the coming over of the rebels. 28th. Sent a warrant to Captain Fulcher, sheriff, for pressing 20 able men with saws and axes to cut wood for the Service. 30th. Captain Samuel Groome arrived. who said several ships were coming. 31st. Colonel Mason and Captain Lawson discharged the soldiers on board. November 1st. Sent to the Governor, Major Beverley and proclamation and letter to Captain Gatlin; Major Sawyer sent a rebellious soldier. "I put him neck and heels for a quarter of an hour," (sic) released him on Captain Nazworthy's persuasions. 2nd. Stood out to speak with a ship in the Bay which was from Plymouth, and Colonel Morrison's sloop. 3rd. Sent to Captain Prin to know his resolution of sailing into Nancimond, but not ready just now; Mr. Gilbert came from Nancimond and said Captain Gatlin would meet at Craney Island on Tuesday (7th November) so we resolved for Craney Island. 4th. Sent away Mr. Reeves, Master of the Plymouth ship, to the Governor; about noon Captain Prin and Mr. Gilbert got into Elizabeth River, Captain Groome anchored by us, and sent sloop to Colonel Morrison who advised us of his proceedings. 5th. Received a letter from the Governor, and Mr. Reeves came with another in evening. 6th. Sent proclamation received last night from the Governor to Captain Fulcher to proclaim it; anchored at Craney island, Major Sawyer came aboard, Colonel Morrison, Captain (sic), and Captain Lawson. 7th. Captain Fulcher came aboard, Captain Prin with the proclamation, Captain Gatlin sent two men to treat, but came not himself. 8th. Captain Prinn went out supposed for Accomack, sent Hanacom with letters to the Governor; in the night Prinn came in. 9th. Mr. Place's wherry came aboard, information that Baker traded with the rebels; at night Colonel Morrison said a great ship was gone to York. 11th. Captain Prinn sent his sloop over to the Governor. 12th. Saw ships come in, viz., Captain Reade, of Bristow, whom we commanded to sail into Elizabeth River, but refused, and fired at us and Captain Teague; very insolent in not obeying the Governor's commands. 13th. Captain Groome sent his mate to inform us that Colonel Hansford was taken, and we saw another ship at Kicowtan, it was Captain Newham; Captain Groome sailed for Maryland. 14th. Received letter from the Governor, per Colonel Morrison, and sent a proclamation to Nancimond. 15th. Sent a proclamation to Isle of Wight county; the gentlemen from Accomack desired men. 16th. Sent to Mr. Kerney to speak with Gatlin, and a yawl to meet him at Nancimond. The master of the other Bristow ship came aboard; we could have no assistance from them; also Mr. Pethebridge and his men we reconciled; at night went and fetched Colonel Dew on board. 17th. Sent Colonel Dew home, and Mr. Prinn and the Accomack went on designs; and our sloop went to cruise. 18th. The country's sloop from Elizabeth River came down; provided her with powder and shot. Mr. Prinn brought one Iles and English, sent them to the Governor. 20th. The Surrey gentlemen and the Lower Norfolk came down, did little; had news Gatlin was coming, so we forbore sending boats to cruise as before. 21st. Mr. Kerney came and desired we would not assault Nancimond. 22nd. Captain Conset came in. 25th. A great ship of Bristow came in, on Mr. Cooper. 27th. Mr. Kerney came on board with letters from Gatlin. 28th. Sent to the Governor; at night we weighed (sic), Captain Teague and Mr. Pethebridge, but little wind. and we anchored. 29th. Saw several vessels come in to Point Comfort. 30th. Captain Gatlin came on board, where we concluded a peace, and he returned to his allegiance and took the oath. December 1st. The fleet came all out of Elizabeth River to James River; apprehended Mr. Greene. 2nd. Got to Newport Newes, but the rest were straggling. 3rd. The fleet came all up to us but Mr. Clements. 4th. At a Council it was resolved six sail should go to Nancimond, the rest up the river. 5th. Seized the Irish ship for the King, and anchored short of Warexqueck Bay. 6th. Went down to Colonel Bridger, where we heard the men of Nancimond had fought some of the rebels, and 15 men killed on both sides. 7th. Weighed and stood into Warexqueck Bay, and had several overturns with the rebels; sent Smith's vessel up. 8th. A flag of truce on shore, but we thought not to return answer (sic). 9th. We went ashore and found some 200 of the enemy, but on parley they suffered us to do what we intended quietly, so that the upland forces returned home. Sent down to Colonel Bridger for the forces to march up. 10th. Captain Conset got his sloop, sent Mr. Smith ashore to the guard on his parole, and fired a gun in the evening. he came on board again. Captain Chamberlain went up. 11th. Sent Mr. Smith home, and went aboard the ships to advise them not to go ashore at night; fired a shot at the guard. 12th. The Quaker came on board, sent an express to Colonel Bridger, seized the Blessing Ketch, Mr. Pelton, of New England. 13th. Wrote to his Honor by Mr. Pelton. 14th. Captain Chamberlain came back and Mr. Moore came on board. 15th. Received letter from his Honor: 16th. At night went down to Colonel Bridger. 17th. Came up from Nancimond and left the sloop four miles below. 18th. Captain Conset went down to Nancimond in sloop. 19th. Captain Prinn went up with his sloop with some 40 men and two guns to take the bark. 21st. The sloop came down and brought Mr. James Mings. 23rd. Mr. Moore went to the Governor's. 24th. The rogues on shore sent us a daring letter, upon which we fired on them. 25th. Mr. Eps went home, Colonel Groves run from the guard, we fetched his colours, and sent 30 or 40 men out after him, who met him at one England's, and [? Captain Consett] shot him dead and brought away his horse, and England and three prisoners. 26th. A party went and plundered Groves' house and brought in what ammunition they could find, with 13 prisoners; summoned the other guard. 27th. Answer came they would send to their Major Rookins; we began to fortify our guard. 28th. Our men marched downward to secure the lower parts; the guard at Allen's brick house we hear is run away; letters from Rookins and from the Surrey gentlemen, 29th. We carried the fort, and at night our forces came up, being 120 foot and horse, not having been above 10 miles down. 30th. Our men went up to Surrey, and at night returned. 31st. Hail and very cold so that our men could not march, but we sent two pieces of ordnance up to Surrey guard, and the horse and foot rested. 1677, January 1st. We drew out 50 horse and 80 foot, and marched down to Nancimond to meet their forces, the rest to keep guard at the fort and to repair it. 2nd. We received letters from the Governor that he hath 1,000 men in Rappahanock. 3rd Dispatched a post to the Governor; a man killed in our upper fort. 4th. Our fort besieged by 300 or 400 men of the uplands at 12 at night, Colonel Bridger came up with the horse. 5th. Our foot came from Nancimond; at night we drew them aboard the ships to go up the river. 6th. The fleet of three ships one ketch and three sloops weighed, had advice of the enemy quitting the siege; our horse, about 60, marched up; sent the news to Nancimond. 7th. 3 a.m., news from Henrico of their rising for the King, and at noon letters from the Governor. 9th. Mr. Moore went to the Governor; bad weather. 10th. Letters from Nancimond. 11th. Went over to the Governor. 12th. Returned with letters from the Governor. 13th. Weighed, but got little higher up the river than Col. George's, and anchored. 14th. Sent a letter to Captain Bird, enclosed to Colonel Bridger, to go post haste to the guard, and about 9 apprehended Mr. Drummond. 15th. Advice that West and others were in arms for the rebels, and intended to surprise our fort. 16th. We marched to meet him, being 80 horse and 90 foot, and at noon we took him. 17th. We marched to Nancimond to settle that county, "and to confirm them in their truth." 18th. We returned with all our forces and several prisoners. 19th. We went to the Governor and carried him 15 or 16 principal rebels. 20th. Remained with the Governor. 21st. Returned from York, blew hard, could not get aboard. 22nd. Informed the rebels had quitted my sloop; sent for her, but she was all plundered and spoilt. 23rd. Weighed and turned up to James Town. 24th. Advice that Charles City County, returned to their obedience, and had taken the oath. 25th. Got up to Marchant Brandon. 26th. Anchored at Swinniards. 27th. Went to visit the Governor at Green Spring. 29th. The country being reduced we went about our own business, as per the Governor's proclamations. Annexed, —
1035. i. An Account of seamen belonging to the Young Prince:—
Monthly Wages.
£ s. d.
Robert Morris, commander 6 0 0
Edward Bant, mate 3 10 0
John Sanders, carpenter 3 0 0
Thomas Burn, surgeon 2 10 0
Charles Bradick 2 0 0
Thomas Lucy, carpenter's mate 2 5 0
Richard Smith, boatswain's mate 1 8 0
Hugh Williams 1 7 0
John Kemp, cook 1 8 0
Robert Astin 1 7 0
Robert Montgomery 1 7 0
John Budge 1 7 0
Phillip Dodsworth 1 6 0
Thomas Lodington 1 8 0
Michael Bartlett 1 7 0
Robert Helverson 1 6 0
John Knight 1 6 0
William Peters 1 6 0
William Sadler 1 6 0
Benjamin Minor 0 15 0
£37 9 0
12 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXVII., No. 52.]
Sept. 20.
1036. Order of the King in Council. That Secretary Sir Henry Coventry forthwith prepare Warrants for the King's signature to pass under the Great Seal the Commissions herein described, viz.: A pardon for the Governor and Assembly at Virginia; Commission to the Governor for pardoning offenders; Commission for Sir Henry Chicheley to be Lieutenant-Governor; Commission to Major Thomas Fairfax to be Deputy to Sir Henry Chicheley; Commission to Sir John Berry, Francis Moryson, and Thomas Fairfax to inquire into grievances in Virginia; Proclamation about Nathaniel Bacon, the younger, raising rebellion in Virginia. Several Instructions to the Governor and Council about their pardoning Nathaniel Bacon, &c. With this Mem.: That Colonel Jeffreys was appointed Lieutenant-Governor instead of Sir Henry Chicheley, and Commissioner instead of Major Fairfax. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXVII., No. 53; also Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXX., pp. 79–81.]
(Sept. 20.) 1037. Report of Edward Randolph to the King. Account of the delivery of his Majesty's letter to the Boston magistrates [see his letter of June 17, ante, No. 953], with additions, viz., that only three of the magistrates uncovered while the letter was being read. Interviews with the Bostoners, many of whom showed themselves well-wishers to the King, though a report, which he confuted, had spread that the Duke of York with divers of the nobility had upon discontent left the Court and applied themselves to the City for assistance, and that all was going to confusion at home. Met a Mr. Harris, who, on his arrival from England about six months before, was brought before the Governor (the law directing all masters of vessels on penalty of 20l. to bring passengers before him), was asked about Mr. Mason's intentions, and was told by the Governor that he had heard that the King meant to send over Commissioners in the summer, but had not money to defray the charge. Gave a memorial to the Council, in which he suggested the assembling of a General Court, but had no other answer than that he should, when ready to sail, have a duplicate of their letter to the King. Went in July to New Hampshire (divided by the Bostoners into Norfolk, Suffolk, and Middlesex), and found general satisfaction with Mr. Mason's letters, and complaints of the oppression and usurpation of the Boston magistrates, not admitting them to the Lord's Supper, denying them Baptism and the liberty of choosing their own magistrates, as not being members of their congregations, sending twice a year magistrates from Boston to hear causes, and laying what impositions they think fit; the people hoped to be relieved according to the promises of the Commissioners in 1665. When at Portsmouth, on the Piscataqua, several of the principal inhabitants of Maine came to him and made the same complaints, some of them having been suffered to be ruined by the Indians for having expressed their duty to the King and taken commissions as Justices of the Peace from the King's Commissioners. Paid at his request a visit to Josiah Winslow, Governor of Plymouth, of loyal principles, and one who had shown great courage and conduct in the management of the Indian war; he expressed his disapproval of the carriage and encroachments of the Boston magistrates, and his opinion that New England could never be secure or serviceable to the King till reduced under his immediate government, to which Plymouth and Connecticut would readily submit. Found in Boston a general disposition towards the King, and complaints of the magistrates' arbitrary government, many not daring to express themselves openly, owing to the severe check received by those who signed a petition in 1666 asserting the King's jurisdiction (a copy of which is enclosed). Was reproved sharply, when ready to return for England, by the Governor for publishing the substance of his errand, and was charged with designs to make a mutiny in the country; replied that if he complained to the King, he would have justice done him; received the duplicate letter. Was at his departure entreated by the Governor and some of the magistrates severally to give a favourable report of the country and magistracy, and was desired to tell the King that, spite of the reports of evil-minded men, they were a people truly fearing the Lord and obedient to the King. Refers himself to their answer wholly, the magistrates not having thought fit to acquaint him with the contents thereof. 9 pp. Three copies. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXVII., Nos. 54, 55; also Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LX., pp. 162–173.]
Sept. 25.
1038. The King's pardon to the Governor and Assembly of Virginia for consenting to the passing of several Acts by the violent compulsion of Nathaniel Bacon and his complices, and for granting Commissions to the said Bacon to command forces there. [Col. Entry Bks., Vol. LXXX., pp. 91–93, and Vol. XCV., pp. 129–131.]
Sept. 25.
1039. Warrant to [the Attorney-General]. To prepare a Bill for the King's signature to pass the Great Seal, authorizing and appointing Governor Sir William Berkeley to pardon all treasons, felonies, and offences relating to the present war in Virginia, to all persons guilty of same except Nathaniel Bacon. With Mem., that the Great Seal bears date October 10, 1676. [Col. Entry Bks., Vol. LXXX., pp. 97, 98, and Vol. XCV., pp. 137–139.]
Sept. 25.
1040. Governor Sir Jonathan Atkins to the Lords of Trade and Plantations. Has received a Commission of Oyer and Terminer for the trial of Colonel Philip Warner for killing Colonel Thomas Warner and divers Indians in Dominica, there being no other inhabitants upon that Island. Sent General Stapleton a copy of his Majesty's orders, but will refer their Lordships to the report of the proceedings on the trial, copy of the record of which he encloses. Warner denied the whole fact and left it to proof, which with art enough on all sides was easily carried, for, the first informer being gone or carried away, it was easy to persuade others who were in the action that by accusing Warner they would condemn themselves. The matter of fact is most evident, though it may be with all circumstances not so; leaves it to his Majesty and their Lordships' judgments to determine. It has taken away a kind of outwork which secured the people of this Island when they went for wood and other necessaries, and doubts those gentlemen of the Leeward Isles will sleep very quietly, for the Indians never forget or forgive injuries. Encloses,—
1040. i. Transcript of all the Orders and Records in order to the trial of Colonel Philip Warner in Barbadoes, 1676, June 14—Sept. 8. Certified copy. Mich. Figes, Cler. Coron. 12 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXVII., Nos. 56, 56 i.; also Col. Entry Bk., Vol. VI., pp. 120–138.]
Sept. 28.
1041. Lords of Trade and Plantations to his Majesty's Commissioners for the affairs of Virginia. Refer to their letter to Governor Berkeley of 14th April last for answers to several heads of inquiry concerning the Colony and direct them to join with him to expedite an answer thereto. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXXVII., No. 57.] Copy of preceding with memorandum. His Majesty being informed by letter that one, Nathaniel Bacon, had raised a mutiny and rebellion against the Government, was pleased to appoint Commissioners for settling the affairs of that Colony and enquiring into the grievances which, as it was said, occasioned the sedition there, whereupon their Lordships, taking notice that Sir William Berkeley had made no answer to their letter of 14th April last [see ante, No.884], enclosing several heads of enquiry, desire the Commissioners at their arrival in Virginia to expedite an answer thereto. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXX., pp. 78, 79]. The following memorandum, "On 16th October 1676 was delivered to Sir John Berry the (above) letter of 28th September to expedite answer from Sir William Berkeley of several papers, duplicates whereof were enclosed," is in [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. CIV., p. 227.]
Sept. 28.
Port Royal.
1042. Journal of the Council of Jamaica. Information of his Excellency that he had received intimation from Sir H. Morgan of matters of public concern which Captain William Bragg would depose against Sir Thomas Modyford, that orders had been given to the Provost Marshal to summon said Bragg to be examined, but he could not find him; ordered that Colonel Thomas Ballard and LieutenantColonel Samuel Long send for said Bragg, and after having examined him proceed according to law. On request of the Council that the Governor's Commission be recorded in the enrolment office and his instructions entered in the Council book, to the end they might the better know their duties, his Excellency promised it should be done. On petition of Charles Smart, the Council of opinion that no letters of administration granted in England should repeal those granted here until they were recalled by the ordinary of the Island. On petition of John Guapin, Attorney, to George Gosslin in Old England, ordered that the Treasurer without further warrant pay to said Gaupin the 100l. sterling paid into the Treasury by Colonel Thomas Freeman being the appraisement of the real estate of James Gosslin, deceased, to whom said George is brother and heir. Ordered that the accounts of the revenue from the Treasurer be examined by a Committee of the Council who are named. That a patent be drawn for William Parker for a ferry over the salt and fresh rivers. The King's Instructions to John Lord Vaughan, Governor of Jamaica, dated 3rd December 1674, abstracted under that date in the previous volume of this Calendar, see No. 1398. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XXXV., pp. 514–531.]
Sept 29.
1043. Secretary Coventry to the Lord High Treasurer. Is commanded to signify his Majesty's pleasure that the charges and fees for passing the Privy Seal for 1,500l. to the three Commissioners appointed to go to Virginia, as also 100l. for a clerk to serve them, be all paid out of the Dormant Privy Seal or otherwise as his Lordship shall direct so as the Commissioners may receive said sum of 1,500l. without any abatement whatsoever. ¾ p. [Dom. Entry Bk., Chas. II., Vol. XXVI., p. 213.]
Sept. 30. 1044. The King to the Duke of York or Commander-in-Chief under him of the Colony of "New York in the West Indies." It is not unknown to him that Nathaniel Bacon the younger has made himself the head and leader of a rebellion in Virginia, which, if not suppressed and punished, may spread its infection into the neighbouring plantations. If said Bacon or any of his accomplices shall retreat or resort to New York, they are to be forthwith seized and notice given to the Governor of Virginia. [Col. Entry Bks.. Vol. LXXX., pp. 108, 109, and Vol. XCV., p. 152.]
Sept. 30. 1045. The King to Charles Lord Baltimore, proprietor of Maryland. Notifying the rebellion of Nathaniel Bacon, the younger, and directing the seizure of him or any of his accomplices should they take refuge in the Province of Maryland. [Col. Entry Bks., Vol. LXXX., p. 110, and Vol. XCV., p. 153.]
1046. Journal of the Lords of Trade and Plantations. Reports read from Commissioners of Customs, and ordered that passes be granted for the Dorothy and the John and Christopher of Dart mouth, the Bachelor of Topsham and the Hope of Plymouth, all for Newfoundland. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. CIV., pp. 218, 236, 239.]