America and West Indies: Addenda 1613

Pages 47-53

Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies: Volume 9, 1675-1676 and Addenda 1574-1674. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1893.

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Addenda 1613

Jan. 26.
66. Sir Thos. Edmondes to the King. "Though I make no doubt but that your Majesty is otherwise sufficiently advertized of that which passeth in Spain, nevertheless I hold it my duty to make known unto your Majesty that many advertisements which I have seen, both out of Italy and from other parts, do report that the intent of the preparations which the King of Spain maketh by sea is certainly to employ the same this Spring for the removing of our Plantation in Virginia." [Extract, Correspondence, France.]
Feb. 18.
67. Sir John Digbye to the King. It is true they make ready their fleet at Lisbon … The only action which I conceive possible (and indeed something probable) for them to enter into is to essay the removing of the English from their Plantation in Virginia, the which they here generally profess toucheth this King, both in honor, and likewise in prevention of the inconvenience which the English settling there may procure to their West Indies not to permit. And this very day they have clapped up into close prison Clarke, the English Pilot, whom two years since they brought from Virginia, having formerly used him well and permitted him his liberty, only being attended by a keeper. … If they attempt anything against Virginia it will be with the West Indian galleons from the Havana, in the Island of Cuba, with the forces of those parts. I do mean presently to send down a couple of fit persons whom I have provided, to enter themselves into this King's service in his navy, who, I hope, will be able to attain in some part to the knowledge of their intents, and to advertise me from time to time of such things as they shall be able to learn. [Extract, Correspondence, Spain.]
Feb. 21.
68. Extract from Letter from Liston. Here is sudden commandment given for the preparing thirteen sail of shipping to be ready to set sail by the 15th of March next. First they are to sail unto Cadiz, there to take in soldiers, munition, and victuals, from thence it is divulged amongst the common sort that they are to go unto the Bermudas, there to inhabit. Others say plainly that they go where the English shall pay for it, which is for Virginia, for that is the mark they shoot at, as their own proceedings do manifest; for in their entertainment, they receive of all nations that will offer themselves to go in this service, Almains, Italians, French, and Irish, but neither English, Scottish, nor Dutch will be permitted nor entertained to go in the voyage. To such strangers as will come there shall be given nine months pay. Eight of the ships are carvels of about 100 tons apiece, nimble sailing vessels, fit for transportation but of no defence, neither to give offence to any shipping. The other five are ships of 150 or 200 tons, and are furnished in warlike manner, [Extract, Correspondence, Spain.]
March 5.
69. Sir John Dighye to the King. All possible diligence used for making ready the shipping and soldiers, so that by the end of April they intend certainly to put to sea. Those that I employ send me word that they every day grow more to doubt that there will be something attempted against the plantation in Virginia, and they are strengthened in this their belief, for that though they have so great want of men, that they have made public proclamations that whosoever will serve in this voyage shall receive nine months pay beforehand, yet they refuse to admit of English, Scottish, and Hollanders, but not of Irish. But men of good judgment here in Court (and in whom I have reason to have some confidence) assure me that there is no such intent. But, howsoever, it will be requisite that those of Virginia live in a continual expectation of being assailed, for first or last the Spaniards will certainly attempt them, for thereof they make already public profession. [Extract, Correspondence, Spain.]
April 20/30. 70. Advertisements sent from Don Alonso de Velasco, Ambassador in England, with the Council's opinion of them and the King's direction. Three matters of great consideration in the despatches of Don Velasco. … The third, for change of the prisoners, it is good to procure, that that may take effect which hath been agreed upon, and that perfect and true information be procured of the estate of Virginia, which, if the Ambassador already have not, he must procure speedily, and accordingly the fitting remedy must be ordained; and in case it do certainly appear to be a matter of consequence, provision must be made to remove the English from thence. The Marquis de Velada agreeth with Don Juan de Idiaques, and holdeth it convenient, that this matter of Virginia be looked unto with much care, for that if it should be so prejudicial for the Indies (as some do say), a remedy may be provided speedily. The Duke of Infantado, the Marquis de Villa Franca, and the Marquis de La Laguna agreeth. The King's opinion was that order should be given in all the particulars according to the opinion of the lords. [Extract, Correspondence, Spain.]
April 24.
71. Sir Thos. Edmondes to the King. Word brought to him that Mons. de Hauterive, a nephew of Mons. de Villeroy's, who is newly arrived out of Spain, is certainly informed that the Fleet which is there preparing for the West Indies, is intended to be employed for the removing of our plantation in Virginia. [Extract, Correspondence, France.]
April 28.
72. Sir Thos. Edmondes to the King. "I have again understood that part of the forces which are prepared in Spain are certainly intended to remove our plantation in Virginia." [Extract, Correspondence, Spain.]
May 13.
73. Sir John Digbye to the King. They have further the last week had a consultation concerning Virginia, but their resolution is not to stir therein until they shall be better informed of the true state thereof. For that here, by the advertisements that they have had out of England, they are yet in a great hope that the business will fall of itself, though Don Pedro de Cunega at his last being in England, moved that the removing of our plantation might be no longer deferred, as your Majesty shall see by the copy of a letter sent from him in September last. Encloses,
73. i. Don Pedro de Cunega, Spanish Ambassador in England to the King of Spain. There is come hither a ship from Virginia, and although some principal men and others suppose that the Plantation there doth rather diminish than increase, I have understood by a friend of good credit, that they treat and have a determination to marry some of the people that go thither with the Virginians, and he telleth me that there are forty or fifty persons already married there, and other English intermingled with them, and that the women which were sent over live amongst the Virginians, and are received and used kindly by them, and that they wounded a certain zealous minister of their sect for reprehending it. They have made a lottery, out of which they will raise 20 thousand ducats, and herewith will send away six ships with all the people they can procure. Upon this pretext of their turning infidels it will be an easy matter to remove these people from thence in the beginning, for the not punishing hereof is the cause why they so boldly attempt others, as your Majesty may well perceive; for they have already houses and begin another plantation in Terra Nova, in the parts where the great fishings are, and now it will be to the purpose to punish it, which, if it may be done, they shall perceive that your Majesty will not proceed with them altogether by entreaty, which hath already made them more presumptuous than their own forces can promise them. God preserve your Majesty. A short abstract of this inclosure is in the first volume of this Calendar. [Correspondence, Spain.]
May 22
74. Sir John Digbye to Sir Dudley Carleton. Concerning our plantation of Virginia (which I have often written unto your Lordship is a great eyesore unto them) they have lately had several consultations about it. Their resolution is that it must be removed, though they have thought it fit for a while to suspend the execution till they get perfect information of the state thereof, for that they are not yet out of hope that the business may fall of itself, since they see it not maintained by the King or State, but only upheld by lotteries and such like uncertain shifts. Our new plantation of the "Vermudos" (Bermudas) prospereth better than that of Virginia; good commodities brought from thence; a ship sent thither last year to attempt the discovery, returned without having done anything, the Captain, &c., brought to Madrid in chains to be proceeded against. [Extract, Correspondence, Spain.]
May 26
75. Sir John Digbye to Sir Thomas Lake. They have lately had here several consultations about our Plantation in Virginia. The resolution is that it must be removed; but they think it fit to suspend the execution of it till they receive perfect information in what state it now is, for that they are in hope that it will fall of itself. They have given precise order to their Ambassador speedily to advertize what he can learn of it, and that he use all means for the restitation of the Spaniards that were left there, and to this end have clapt up Clarke, the English Pilot, into close prison, and I hear they mean to send him to the Gallies, hoping thereby that Clarke's friends to redeem him will labour for the restitution of the other, by whom they hope to discover the true state of Virginia, [Extract, Correspondence, Spain.]
June 4.
76. Sir John Digbye to the King. "There went from hence the Spanish Ambassador in England, with directions to this effect:—That though it was conceived by the King of Spain that the plantation and fortification of the English in Virginia need not (in the case it now standeth) give much cause of fear, yet to the end that here may be taken the fullest resolutions, he commandeth him to procure a true and certain information of the present estate thereof, and what the intent of your Majesty and the English is in this point, and whether businesses of that nature grow not much colder since the death of the late Prince, and likewise that he inform himself very particularly concerning the 'Vermudos' and give speedy advertisement hither." [Extract, Correspondence, Spain.];
July? 77. Extract from the Secret Instructions of Don Diego Sarmiento de Acuna, sent by the King of Spain as his Ambassador into England. "And it shall be fit for you, having perused those copies (of despatches sent heretofore to Don Pedro de Zuniga, Marques de Flores et Avila), and having informed yourself upon them from the said Marques, and Don Alonso de Velasco, in what estate these matters (the marriages made with France) stand, as also these others specified in the said copies, about the league of the Protestants, the peopling of Virginia, the suits of the English, of the Pirates and of the Consuls, that you prosecute all those matters as if they were here given you in your Instructions, and that you advertize me often of whatsoever shall succeed thereupon." Translation. [Extract, Correspondence, Spain.]
Aug. 15.
78. Sir John Digbye to the King. Desire of this State to maintain peace; they meddle not in slight or uncertain enterprises; if they were fit for war, and that any occasion of important advantage were offered, they would not omit to lay hold of it; "but herein I likewise restrain myself to these parts of the world, for that I know they would have attempted the removing of the English from Virginia, but that they are certainly informed the business will fall of itself; and within these two days I know both the Council of War and of State have set about the overthrowing of our new plantation in the Bermudas." [Extract, Correspondence, Spain.]
Sept. 3.
79. Sir John Digbye to the King. "Touching Virginia, the Spanish Ambassador in England hath received letters from Molina, the Spaniard that is there, of the misery and distress in which they live; so that it is determined by this Council not to speak any more in that business, being a thing (they suppose) which will die of itself; only it is ordered that the Spanish Ambassador shall represent unto your Majesty the ill-usage that the Spaniards have had in Virginia, and that one of them is dead with hunger, notwithstanding that the English Pilot which was brought from thence and is here, hath been ever very well used." [Extract, Correspondence, Spain.]
Sept. 22.
80. Sir John Digbye to the King. Has found the means to come by his (the Conde de Gondomar, the Spanish Ambassador in England) despatch. Here follows "the true estate in which I find the businesses of this King and kingdom." "He advertiseth further, divers things concerning Don Alonso de Velasco's departure, and your Majesty's bounty in presenting him, as likewise of the state of our people in Virginia, and of the course which is held in the new plantation in the Vermudos." In Cypher deciphered. [Extract, Correspondence, Spain.]
Oct. 11.
81. Sir Thos. Edmondes to the King. Understands that they are nothing well satisfied here, that the French ships were hindered this year by the English, from the making of any benefit of the whale fishing at Greenland, which discontentment is also further aggravated by another advertisement which is come hither, that the English ships at Virginia took a French ship which was going to make a plantation in those parts, and killed divers of the men, and, as they here say, used greatest cruelty against certain Jesuits which were in the said ship. [Extract, Correspondence, France.] Admiral de Montmorency in a letter to King James complains of these depredations committed by Sam Argoll, Capt. of the Treasurer, see First Volume of this Calendar, p. 15.
Oct. 13.
82. Sir John Digbye to the King. In reference to the despatch of the Spanish Ambassador, "It is appointed, that for the business of Virginia and the Bermudas, his advertisements be made known unto the Council of the Indies, and that the Spanish Ambassador be willed to advertize what he shall further hear of them, and that the Spanish Ambassador particularly labour to get the liberty of Don Diego Molina, the Spaniard that was left in Virginia." [Extract, Correspondence, Spain.]
Dec. 8.
From my Chamber in King Street.
83. Sir Henry Wotton to Secretary Sir Thos. Lake. "Concerning the complaint of the Town of Rochelle against a certain disturber of their fishing, which is found to be a man of Bristowe (Bristol) haunting that part of the Newfoundlands which they have baptised Nova Francia. This seemeth to imply somewhat more than a bare complaint against violence on the sea; the Rochellers indeed being rather jealous of the man's habitation there, and of his seizure on the land, which they interpret a kind of intrusion upon that continent where the French have continued possession from immemorial time, as themselves say. So as, the matter requiring some further debatement, my Lord Privy Seal hath propounded it in Council, and hath in the meantime let the French Ambassador know by me that they have a care of that business, and after due information will seek to satisfy him in it." [Extract, Correspondence, France.]