East Indies, China and Japan: August 1618

Pages 177-188

Calendar of State Papers Colonial, East Indies, China and Japan, Volume 3, 1617-1621. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1870.

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August 1618

Aug. 1. Jacatra. 392. Capt. John Totten to President Ball. The Trough, arrived from the Moluccas and from Japara, with salt and cattle ; understands from her skipper that three more ships are to come from the Moluccas, laden with cloves, all to sail for Holland this year ; also that the Hollanders have a fleet gone for the Manillas, the Spanish galleons being cast away ; but the Dutch commander, John Derick van Lame, is left sick at the Moluccas. News from the skipper of the Green Dragon, that he had been aboard the James to see Capt. Pring ; but he has since been warned by the Dutch President not to go aboard any English ship. His own health much as it was ; the physician has not the things he wants, and Totten is weary of receiving the potions he is filled with. Remembrances to Capt. Pring and Mr. Coytmore. [One page. O.C., Vol. VI., No. 673.]
Aug. 1. Jacatra. 393. John Powle to President Ball. In answer to the charges of ambition and malice brought against him by Ufflete ; rather than be at any difference with him, is ready to undertake any other voyage to give him content. [One page. O.C., Vol. VI., No. 674.]
[Aug. 3.] 394. Translation of a phirmaund for the English resident at Surat to inhabit a house belonging to Cojah Arab for three years, upon payment first being made of the price agreed on, but not otherwise. [Half a page. O.C., Vol. VI., No. 675.]
Aug. 7. 395. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Letter read from the Privy Council, desiring the Company "to favour the King's purse so much as to take of some cordage ;" 100 tons to be bought at 33s. per cent. Letter read from Christopher Farewell concerning John Browne and himself. Gratuities voted to Ellam, Lanman, Francis Sadler, and Mountney. 2,000l. more to be paid to the Muscovy Company on account. Warrant to be procured to stay the ship of Matthew Porter from sailing to the East Indies. Concerning the purchase of a new ship. A special court to be convened to consider the business between the Dutch and English in the Indies. The loadstone not to be bought. Letter to be written to the officers at Lynn, in Norfolk, to keep their eye upon Matthew Porter's proceedings. Letter read from Capt. Gifford, bewailing his misfortune in being "put from his voyage to his undoing," and requesting assistance and employment. [Two pages. Court Bk. IV., 192-194.]
Aug. 7. Burrampoor. 396. Nathaniel Halsteed to John Banggam at Agra. Endeavours of Robt. Hutchinson and the writer to sell "the great English teeth." Is informed the English are put out of their house (at Surat ?), it having fallen to the Prince. Flying news that Capt. Shilling "hath took great purchase," and that the Portugals have 14 great ships and 100 or 200 frigates in Damaun, and have landed there 3,000 soldiers; there are certainly some preparations against the English fleet. Complains of Spragge being employed by Sir Thos. Roe, whose quality may favour those that tell tales, though never such knaves. Expected the Dutch from Agra ere this. [Indorsed, "Received in Connowaye the September, near Agra, 1618." One page. O.C., Vol. VI., No. 676.]
Aug. 8. 397. Answer of the united companies of Muscovy and East India merchants to a letter to Sir Thos. Smythe (see ante, No. 378). In reference to the demands made by Sir James Cunningham, [director of the Scottish East India Company] as by his accounts referred to them by the King and the Privy Council, copy whereof is inclosed. Inclose,
397. I. "An estimate of what losses we conceive the new Company may sustain by their provisions made for the Greenland voyages." East Indies, Vol. I., Nos. 66-66, I.]
Aug. 8. Ahmedabad, the chief city of Guzerat. 398. The Great Mogul to King James I. Acknowledges his Majesty's letters of friendship and all the presents and rarities sent to him, which he has accepted with much delight and love. Has commanded that all English merchants should have freedom and residence in his diminions, with liberty to carry on their trade ; their ships to come and go wheresoever they choose. The great lord, Aseph Khan, has been commanded to take this business into his care. [Translation copy. In the handwriting of Sir Thomas Roe, with marginal notes as to the translation, who has also indorsed it as the agreement and contract made with himself, 8 August 1618. One page. East Indies, Vol. I., No. 67.]
Aug. 8. 399. Copy of the preceding, almost word for word, but without the marginal notes. [One page and a half. East Indies, Vol. I., No. 68.]
Aug. 13. Jacatra. 400. Nich. Ufflete to President Ball. Broil between the Governor of Japara and the Dutch, caused by the latter refusing to pay duty upon rice, in which three Dutchmen were slain, the captain and some seventeen more being bound hand and foot and carried prisoners to the Matteram, who, as all men suppose, will "creise" [a Malayan dagger] them. [One page. O.C., Vol. VI., No. 677.]
Aug. 15. London. 401. John Chamberlain to Sir Dudley Carleton. Here is loud speech of ill measure offered by the Hollanders to our people, both in the East Indies and Greenland. If matters be so foul as they are made, it will be hard to reconcile them, and in the meantime it breeds ill blood. [Extract from Domestic, Jac. I., Vol. XCVIII., No. 84, Cal. p. 565.]
Aug. 15. 402. Articles proposed to the Prince Sultan Coronne, Lord of Ahmedabad and Surat, by the Ambassador, on the breach with the Portugals. These consist of eleven articles, under which Sir Thos. Roe has written,-"That which I demand is bare justice, and which no man can deny that hath a heart clear and inclined to right, and no more than the laws of nations doth freely give to all strangers that arrive without any contract, and in no case so much as the great King doth promise and command. If it please the Prince to confirm these articles freely and without ill-meaning or collusion, and to command that they be observed precisely, I shall rest content, and shall give satisfaction to my Master and to my nation ; but if not, and that any part be refused or written fraudulently, according to former experiences, then I desire the Prince to take knowledge that I will be free of my word given the great King in his presence, and of all blame or inconvenience that may happen after it, having given promise upon these conditions, or else to be at liberty." Roe adds, that after almost three years' experience of the falsehood of these people, who only seek their own interest and are governed by private interest and appetite, he was forced to relinquish many points often insisted upon when he could get nothing ; but after many disputes he went to the Prince and had there read and discussed the articles as follows :-The first, that the Prince should publicly proclaim that he had received the English into his protection and had concluded peace and amity with them, was wholly agreed unto. The second, to lend frigates, was agreed to ; but in no case would the Prince yield liberty for more than ten men to land armed or to wear arms in Surat, instancing the disorders and quarrelling of the English people, their offering to take Surat in 1616, the fear of the English fortifying their house or surprising the castle, and other foolish jealousies "arising from our own faults," so that Roe consented to the grant of ten armed men at a time, and the resident merchants to wear arms, on condition that other articles were granted sufficient for their security. The third article was absolutely refused, that they should buy, build, or hire a house near the castle or upon the water, but that they should rent a house in the city. The fourth, that the Governor of Surat should receive the English Ambassador with marks of honour, and his servants be allowed perfect liberty, was fully agreed to. The fifth, as to their taking the house of Cojah Arab, would not be allowed on any conditions, because their earnest suit caused suspicion that it was the ancient mint, that it stood against their great mosque, and the filthiness done by the English against the walls offended the Moors, who with reverence regard their holy places, and for fear that the English intend to make a fort of it and annoy the castle ; so seeing the choice of all the town was offered to them, Roe could show no material reason why only that house would serve them. The sixth and seventh articles, viz., that freedom of trade should be granted to the English in the fullest manner on payment of the customs agreed to by a former treaty, from which pearls and all other jewels were to be exempted, and that the English might live in their own houses and among themselves, according to their own religion and laws, were agreed to. The eighth, that all causes of difference among the English should be wholly referred to themselves ; but controversies with Moor or Gentile should be referred to the Governor and his officers, was agreed to ; but it was refused to deliver up any English that fled under pretence that if they returned Moors they could not refuse them protection ; to which Roe replied he would never consent to any leaving his faith, for under that colour they might rob. After much contention this point was yielded, because Roe utterly refused all [the articles] if that liberty were left to any misguided person. The ninth article, granting free liberty of speech to the English linguists and brokers in everything on behalf of their masters, was fully agreed to. The tenth was agreed to, that the presents, after being opened and examined at the custom-house, should be sealed and delivered to the English to pass duty free ; but if "the said pretended presents" were not given they should either pay custom or not be delivered to the English ; which, adds Roe, though most base, and in our power to give any or none, he consented to, but especially because else he could have nothing, "for these presents trouble all our business." The eleventh and last article for speedy justice in all causes of complaint or controversy, and protection from all injuries and oppressions, was agreed to. A draught to the above effect, given to the secretary writer of phirmaunds to be digested into form, was sealed and sent to Roe, who, finding a prohibition against any English landing in Surat, with or wearing any sort of arms, Roe only excepted, with other show of wicked cunning and malice, not once mentioning free trade or liberty to pass without exactions, or any other point faithfully set down, Roe having taken leave of the King and Prince, and not being able to go and complain without leave, sent back the phirmaund, utterly refusing to sign it. His reasons for so doing. To disarm the English entirely was an unworthy suspicion of their ill intents. Roe could not face his sovereign after having reported a peace with the Ghehangier, who had given the English full liberty of trade, which was now contradicted by an under treaty with the Prince ; he could not command his countrymen to draw their swords in defence of the King's and Prince's ships at sea, which Roe had promised, when the Prince will not suffer them to wear their arms for their own defence. No such condition was ever demanded in times of peace with the Portugals, neither of the Hollanders, who had crept in and had offered no service or assistance to the King. Roe has added a note, that upon this a phirmaund was issued to disarm the Hollanders, and to prohibit them or any other Christians from wearing arms in Surat. The dangers to which the English were exposed by thieves on their yearly journeys to Ahmedabad aud to other parts with great sums of money and goods. Lastly, all other points agreed on being left out or utterly falsified, showed ill meaning towards the English, and that it would be better to deal clearly and prohibit them all trade, giving them licence to depart, which Roe now only desired, and would settle his people in Gogo and Cambaya under the King's protection, whose grants were sufficient security to them ; that upon no terms would Roe accept this phirmaund or stay in the port of Surat ; that he recalled his promise given to the King, and protested he was guiltless of all that would happen in consequence. A new commission sent to the next fleet to disarm all the ships and frigates of the Prince's ports was added by Roe to these reasons, and the original sent to Surat to be published. These, with the phirmaund, all left with Afzul Khan. Roe sent for in the night, and after large dispute upon all the particulars, a confession that the phirmaund was not written with good meaning, Roe covenanting that the English should not land in a hostile manner to annoy the peace, and other articles which appear in Roe's contract, a new draught was made of all Roe's demands, which the next day Afzul Khan acquainted Roe had given the Prince satisfaction, who sent him draught of a new phirmaund, which the Prince had yielded unto; the first time Roe ever got sight of any phirmaund before it was passed, they always giving what they please. Had the draught translated, and finding it according to promise, with a few immaterial omissions and alterations, Roe was not willing to have a new brawl and the Prince gone, so he took a copy and sent the other to the secretary with warrant to pass. [Seven pages in the handwriting of Sir Thos. Roe. See Bruce's Annals, I. pp. 203-205. O.C., Vol VI., No. 678.]
Aug. 15. Masulipatam. 403. Wm. Methwold to the East India Company. His two years' service in India have been almost equally divided between Surat, Tecoe, Bantam, Masulipatam, and the sea. The Charles and the Hope bound for England. Was chosen by the President of Bantam, during his stay there, principal of the coast of Coromandel, and arrived at Masulipatam 25 May, where they found two Holland ships, the Bee from Surat then being in the road of Pettapoli. His endeavours to gain experience before Denton's departure. Arrival of a ship from Holland ; cannot advise her exact cargo, as they do not enter their goods in the custom-house as the English do, but pay a yearly rent to be free of all duties ; it is intended to relade her with indigo, a coarse cloth used by the Hollanders for Guinea, and cotton yarn, in all of which the English cannot deal for want of the Company's allowance. Suggestions for keeping up the factory and making it worth while to maintain the extraordinary charges of it, which, if not adopted, he fears the Company will find it as profitable to trade nearer home. The Bee dispatched by Denton for Bantam 14 July. The insolency of the Dutch, or the impotency of the English, will, Methwold fears, altogether deprive the Company of the best part of their trade ; the good prices at which spices sell ; the great profit first obtained on porcelain has filled all men's hands with plenty, which makes theirs not sought after. Inventory of goods remaining in the factory ; prices given for lead, quicksilver, and vermilion. "Indeed this place never yet (nor will it be better) gave vent to any quantity of our commodity nor produced lading proper for our country." The Pegu adventure accounted desperate by the undertakers. Will send to Bantam the several sorts of goods required. R. Thomas and W. Hughson from the Unicorn, and John Clarke from the Bee, left to assist Methwold in the place of seven persons, of whom two are dead, two gone to Pegu, and three are leaving with the ship. Only (Thos.) Jones and himself, left as merchants, and at Pettapoli Francis Futter and Mathew Duke ; has appointed Jeremy Sayer, left by Capt. Pepwell, an assistant. In great want of the Company's yearly letters of advice ; what they hear from Bantam arrives ten months after it happens there. [Two pages. Indorsed, "Of good importance." O.C., Vol. VI., No. 679.]
Aug. 16. Masulipatam. 404. Thos. Jones to President Ball. The Bee sailed for Bantam 14 July. Denton ready to sail in the Unicorn with a large cargo ; fearfully suspects the bad quality of some part, Denton presuming on his own judgment alone ; his private trade. Sale of the spices ; prices fallen. Henry Forest and John Stavely sent to Pegu to recover certain moneys and goods and to sell some other goods ; letters received by Denton from them in January and March last ; wishes them safely returned. Commodities in demand and vendible at Masulipatam. Methwold determined to wait a month for the monsoon before sending goods to Tenasserim, Pegu, and other ports, when the Moors' ships will be gone and cannot hinder them, neither can the Hollanders, who are busy lading cotton yarn, indigo, and a sort of cloth which Jones imagines will sell in Guinea or Binney. Two-thirds of the capital left them will be ready for a ship by the end of December, when he hopes one will arrive with a larger capital than before. Capital now remaining in these factories. [Three pages. Indorsed, "By the Unicorn ;-received ultimo December the same year." O.C., Vol. VI., No. 680.]
Aug. 17. 405. Rajah Baga, Governor of Mocha, to Sir Thos. Roe. Joseph Salbancke and Edward Heynes arrived at the port of Mocha in April last ; they took a house of their own choice, and nothing they demanded was refused. All the merchants of these ports and all others are well satisfied with them. Desires to be friends with the English nation, for the love of which the Governor petitioned the great Bashaw and obtained security of trade for the English. The port is at Sir Thos. Roe's service to come with one ship or ten ; they shall be welcome, and whatever they need shall not be wanting. Hopes Roe will write to him and command him in whatsoever he requires, for the Governor's love to Roe and the English nation is ancient, and that Salbancke will write to him in this year to come and make the Governor understand all their desires. [O.C., Vol. VI., No. 681.]
Aug. 17. Jacatra. 406. Ufflete to President Ball. Audience with the King, who sent for him, in company with Capt. Totten, and demanded the news from Japara ; he also desired to buy two of the largest pieces of ordnance from the French, "not honeycombed, but truly bored," and wished an English gunner to try them. The Dutch have dispatched two ships for Japara, and they have three at the island and in the road ; they have built a turret over their gate-house as high as the English one. [One page. O.C., Vol. VI., No. 682.]
Aug. 17. Firando. 407. Richard Cocks to Richard Pitt at Siam. Received the goods according to invoice in June last. Accidents to the Sea Adventure, in which Eaton went captain; to another junk which sailed for Cochin China with Sayer and Robt. Hawley, and to a third which was sent for Island Formosa, but returned without any lading. No shipping arrived this year from Bantam, notwithstanding Wickham sailed from hence the last monsoon. Two Holland ships which were at Firando last year have returned and taken fifteen or sixteen China junks with much riches, and also an English ship, but not an Englishman in her ; the Hollanders say she is one of three they took at the Moluccas, the Thomas, the Solomon, and this one, the Attendance. Is secretly informed they have also taken the Advice and the Rose, which was to have come from Bantam, and have thrown all the men overboard. Is of opinion the ship the Hollanders have now brought in is the Rose. By general consent Cocks is now ready to go up to the Emperor's Court to make known their thievery, Nealson to accompany him. Is sorry for Johnson's death. As to Eaton or Osterwick taking Pitt's place, has no order from the Company to furnish other factories with men, but rather the President of Bantam, who has perhaps supplied Pitt's wants before now by the way of Patani. Complains that Geo. Savidge and another Englishman who came this year from Camboja have not written to him. Regrets Robt. Burges' foolish conduct. As to building a junk at Chiampa, the Company have given strict orders not to build any. Is now ready to start on a three, if not four, months' journey to Court. [Two pages. O.C., Vol. VI., No. 683.]
Aug. 18. Sambopa. Macassar. 408. Thos Staverton to President Ball. Sent with his last a letter from Mr. Courthope with copy of invoice of rice sent to Banda ; and begged his remembrance for a piece of. ordnance for the King of Tallo [Tolo]. Sends letter received from Banda (wanting) by a Java who was present at the assault of Lantar by the Dutch, who were soon repulsed with the loss of ten men, the Lantars losing one man, and also reports, "which is not to be lamented, if true," that the Hollanders were dying fast of a great rot amongst them, as well the bacon-faced captains as the poor soldiers and sailors. Sends letter received from Pooloroon with copy of one from Nath. Courthope, who only writes concerning the providing of rice ; the bearer of these, a Java, being off Booton with a cargo of spices, was chased by the Hollanders, and obliged, in sight of Sambopa, to sink their junk and all their goods to prevent them being taken by "those hungry hounds." Wishes the King of England would call them to account and vindicate his own wrongs, "but, as the saying is, a dog hath a day, and so I hope the like shall they." Hourly expects some Englishman from Banda, with directions for providing rice. Needful to supply this place with some cloth ; little left unsold. [One page. Indorsed, "Received in Bantam, 7 September 1618." O.C., Vol. VI., No. 684.]
Aug. 18. [Pooloroon.] 409. Nath. Courthopp to [Wills, Churchman, Stacy, Lane, and others, prisoners of the Dutch at Pooloway]. Is well satisfied with their care in sending away the Bandanese out of the ship, considering the impossibility of defending themselves against the force that assaulted them, and wishes the Solomon had done the like. Sends money and messages to Churchman, Stacy, Lane, Kellum. Has written to Cassarian David touching the delivery up or keeping of this island. Hopes by fair or by foul means to procure their release shortly, but exhorts them in the meantime to bear their captivity with patience. Has suffered as great a loss as any of them, for it is well known Courthopp had nothing left but an old suit of apparel upon his back. As to a certain boy sold by Henry Baker to Churchman, although Baker gave the boy absolutely to Courthopp, "it was such a brute as was not worth the keeping, which was sold by Robt. Hayes for 30 cattes of mace." Hayes sends money to Lane and Pettus. Special message with money sent to [Robt.] Jackson. [One page. Indorsed, "Rec. 19 Aug. 1618." O.C., Vol. VI., No. 685.]
Aug. 21. Jacatra. 410. Capt. John Totten to President Ball. Has received his case of bottles by Mr. Wooden. Sorry to hear of his many troubles. Ufflete informs Ball of his having a parcel of goats which cost nothing for their food, even if there were 500, but want looking after. [Half a page. O.C., Vol. VI., No. 687.]
Aug. 21/31. Nangasaki. 411. Don Fernando de Figuero to Maestro Sers [Edmund Sayer] at Firando. Regrets having no present to send him. Has bought a little wine at the sale and sends it by his messenger. Asks him to purchase for him some printed cotton or silk for a woman and tell him the cost, which he will repay. Assurances of friendship. [Spanish. One page and a quarter. O.C., Vol. VI., No. 686.]
Aug. 22. London. 412. Robert Bell to Carleton. A French ship lately arrived at Dieppe from the Indies. Incloses the informations taken from three of the principals in the ship concerning the differences between the Flemings and us, whereby it will be seen that instead of enjoying a profitable and peaceful trade, the English are now entering into a bloody war. The Company, being composed of the greatest part of the Privy Council, the nobility, judges, and gentry, and furnished with an assured stock of 1,600,000l., will not endure such affronts and disgraces as have been offered to them. Several overtures have been made to the Company by the Spaniards and Portuguese ; the Spanish Ambassador has been twice to Sir Thos. Smythe, and new overtures have come from Lisbon ; "notwithstanding all these, we like honest men have gone on with an inclination towards them [the Dutch], because we were in treaty, and in the meantime they most treacherously have taken and surprised our ships." Although there was some kind of neglect when Carleton was last in England, entreats him to take the matter to heart and give his helping hand to so great and worthy a business, wherein the honour of their country lies bleeding, and so many of his noble friends are engaged, and doubts not but the issue will prove both honourable and profitable to him. "Assist us with your best advice, and, if it be possible, to dive into the secret of their intentions, especially what preparations they make against next year, the number of their ships, the manner and time of their going." What he writes is from himself, because he has a good round adventure, but he will acquaint Sir Thos. Smythe with whatsoever Carleton wills him to. [Indorsed by Carleton, "Received the 27th," who has also written, "Merchants :-Bass of Amsterdam, Merman of Delft, Borrell the younger of Zealand, and Henrick Rier. States :-Gogh of Guelderland, Vanderdussen of Holland, and Joachimi of Zealand ; the names of the Dutch Commissioners appointed to settle the differences with the commissioners on behalf of the English East India Company." Incloses,
412. I. "Informations out of France betwixt the English and Dutch merchants in the East Indies." At the departure (of the French vessel) in December 1617 from Bantam, eight English ships were there, named the Charles, Unicorn, James, Hope, Dragon, Thomas, Solomon, and a small one of 80 or 100 tons, which traded to the coast of Java. The Greyhound left Bantam the 10th or 12th Dec. for Jambi, carrying Ousawicq [Oxwick] to be chief of the factory there. About Nov. (1617) the Dragon arrived at Bantam from the coast of Coromandel ; learnt from the English that she was old and leaky, and that they had filled her with fireworks to burn the Flemings, their enemies. The English daily expected their fleet from Surat, which would greatly assist them in resisting the Flemings. About July 1617 the Flemings forcibly took two English ships in sight of Macassar, at which time two English merchants, among others, were killed, and the rest were cast into prison or put to the galleys. The Flemings took the said ships, because, being at deadly war with the Bandanese, they forbid the English assisting them with any provisions or war material ; the Flemings finding these two ships laden with provisions, took them as their own ; had even forbidden that those of the Isle of Banda should give themselves to the King of England, and as a proof of this the principal persons of Banda, amongst others the brother of the King of Banda, which king was killed in the war by the Flemings, took refuge with his company in the English house at Bantam, taking the King of England for king and protector. This was the origin of the war between the Flemings and the English in the Moluccas. Relation of two quarrels "during the time I remained in the English house in the service of the Company," one caused by the Bandanese testifying the friendship they bore to the English, and how inimical they were to the Dutch on the purchase of fish by the Dutch purveyor from the English maitre d'hôtel, when five Flemings were killed, merchants and officers, and a black slave of the Flemings, whose head a Japanese cut off, and also an English writer was killed ; the other arose when some Portuguese and Spaniards, who were prisoners of the Flemings but had fled to the English, were walking in Bantam ; a Spaniard was called by a Fleming into a Chinese house where there were many Flemings, which the other Portuguese seeing, ran to the English, who armed themselves and forced the door of the Dutch factory, killed three or four men belonging to the Flemings, among whom was the captain of the Japanese of the Flemings, and the Dutch purveyor received a tremendous sword wound from Mr. Gris, which separated his shoulders, "and he was not cured when we left." The day previous to this dispute an Englishman was killed, but by whom no one knows ; and as to the Portuguese, the English took them to Sumatra, and there gave them their liberty. The Spaniard taken by the Flemings was found in their factory, feet and hands tied, in pepper (dans un morceau de poivre). The Flemings have likewise made every endeavour with the King of Bantam to prevent the design of the English building, notwithstanding these last were diligently building when they (the French) left, which buildings were handsome, being finished to the prejudice and heartache (mal de cœur) of the Flemings, taking away from them the sight of the sea. What passed between the Spaniards and Flemings at the Philippine Isles. The Flemings took an English bark going to Jacatra, killed some of the English, put the Flemings on board the bark they had taken from the English at Bantam and cast her anchor near the Charles, A dmiral of the English fleet, which was then before Bantam, meaning by that to defy the English to retake her. "This is briefly the war in which we left them at our departure, which makes me believe and judge that if the King of England does not make it his particular care, the English run the risk of having the worst in the Indies, as being weaker than the Flemings are in that country." [Dieppe, 15/25 Aug. 1618. Signed, "Beau Pin." French. Indorsed as above. Together eight pages. Holland Correspondence.]
1618? 413. "Relation of the Frenchmen lately arrived from the East Indies, concerning the damages, wrongs, and abuses which the Hollanders had lately done to the English there." They have assaulted and taken the English ships coming to Bantam (Banda ?), slain 7 or 8 men, put the captains and merchants in chains and the mariners in the gallies, challenging all "those parts" to be their proper inheritance. They also took an English ship going from Bantam to Jacatra, and shot at the English and French colours in most contemptuous manner. They had great dispute with the English in the road, of Bantam, but the Governor forbade them to fight, threatening, if they did, to cut the throats of all their men on land. They proclaimed war on the 27th November against the English at the Moluccas, Banda, and Amboyna, and threatened to make all prizes and put them to the edge of the sword, and fixed the proclamation upon the doors of the English lodgings at Bantam, "challenged all to be theirs as their proper inheritance." [Indorsed, "Copy of the Frenchmen's relation touching wrongs done to the English by the Hollanders in the East Indies, anno 1617." One page. East Indies, Vol. I., No. 69.]
1618? 414. Another copy of the preceding, with additions, alterations, and marginal notes of précis ; the Frenchmen lately arrived in France in a ship of Dieppe. Out of Mr. Bell's copies from Mr. Giffard and others. 1618. This copy says two English ships coming to Banda (which is no doubt correct), and not to Bantam as in the preceding copy ; also the Hollanders fixed the proclamation upon the doors of the (English is struck out) lodgings at Bantam, &c. [One page. Indorsed, "Frenchmen's relation concerning the Hollanders' abuses of the English, 1617." O.C., Vol. V., No. 569 + 1.]
Aug. 26. Jacatra. 415. Peter Waddon to President Ball. Hopes the wholesomeness of the place will cure him with the help of the medicines. Insecurity of the Company's business when their house (at Jacatra) is divided against itself. The disputes between Ufflete and Powle, if written of, would seem almost incredulous ; thinks Powle is in the greatest fault. Forwards letters from Japara from Bishop and another. Report that Robt. Jackson has been murdered at Jourtan by the Portugals. The Hollanders in great awe of the country people ; they expect Laurens Reall every day and three ships with him ; a ship of theirs ready to sail, for Solor with soldiers and great store of provisions. [One page. O.C., Vol. VI., No. 688.]
Aug. 27. Madrid. 416. Fras. Cottington to Sec. Lake. Sir Robt. Sherley daily expects his dispatch, and says they are here resolved to make the Persian subjects the merchants, and the Portugals to furnish only the ships, and that within these two months he shall depart with nine galleons freighted in Lisbon for the Gulf of Persia. [Extract from Corresp., Spain.]
Aug. 28. 417. Court Minutes of the East India Company. The Merchant Royal to be purchased for 2,400l. and to proceed alone to Bantam ; the ship bought of Mr. Freeman to accompany the rest of the fleet. [Quarter of a page. Court Bk. IV., 194.]
Aug. 31. Jambi. 418. Richard Westby to President Ball. Has received his letter by Gordone, master of the Hound. Is heartily sorry for the ill success of the Company's business to the eastward, "but every man will do his utmost endeavour both with heart and hand to keep up that which else of force will fall." Marvels at the bad supplies the Surat factories send for these parts. Hopes to return to Bantam in November. Goods in the house. Supplies of cloth arrived for the Flemings. With good store of money and cloth some 500 or 600 tons of pepper may be had yearly. If this place be followed as it should, it cannot have yearly less than 12,000 ryals in ready money and 8,000 in Surat and Masulipatam cloth. This place is sickly, and there should be two assistants besides the Cape merchant. George Smart is dead, and the factory will much miss him. Peter Waddon, if he recover, will do the Company very good service. In want of 2,000 pepper sacks. Sorts of cloth vendible and the price. Remembrances to Capt. Pring, Mr. Wickham, and Burraway. Sorry to hear Mr. Bindon is so ill. News, which is confirmed, that the King of Mataram has caused three Flemings to be slain and the rest seized, together with their goods, and put in prison, and their house pulled down. [Two pages. Indorsed, "Rec. September 1618." O.C., Vol. VI., No. 689.]