East Indies, China and Japan: August 1619

Calendar of State Papers Colonial, East Indies, China and Japan, Volume 3, 1617-1621. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1870.

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'East Indies, China and Japan: August 1619', Calendar of State Papers Colonial, East Indies, China and Japan, Volume 3, 1617-1621, (London, 1870), pp. 287-293. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-state-papers/colonial/east-indies-china-japan/vol3/pp287-293 [accessed 25 June 2024].

. "East Indies, China and Japan: August 1619", in Calendar of State Papers Colonial, East Indies, China and Japan, Volume 3, 1617-1621, (London, 1870) 287-293. British History Online, accessed June 25, 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-state-papers/colonial/east-indies-china-japan/vol3/pp287-293.

. "East Indies, China and Japan: August 1619", Calendar of State Papers Colonial, East Indies, China and Japan, Volume 3, 1617-1621, (London, 1870). 287-293. British History Online. Web. 25 June 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-state-papers/colonial/east-indies-china-japan/vol3/pp287-293.

August 1619

Aug. 1. Patani. 714. Account of goods given by the Queen [? of Patani] to Jonas Viney and Henry Fosdicke ; she sending for them to her court, explained to them by Wm. Webb that these goods being her share of the cloth given the Orankays for the prize, she gave two-thirds to Jonas and one-third to Henry. [One page. O.C., Vol. VII., No. 807.]
Aug. 2/12. [The Hague.] 715. Carleton to Viscount Doncaster. The States Commissioners are returned from his Majesty, and two days since made their report to their masters of their whole negotiation, the conclusion whereof did sweeten the distastes of the beginning and whole progress, his Majesty having by his authority set a provisional order for three years betwixt our merchants, as well in Greenland as in the East Indies, and feasted and presented the States Commissioners, which was more than they expected. [Extract from Holland Corresp.]
Aug. 3. Whitehall. 716. Sec. Naunton to Carleton. He will have understood by this time the result of the Commissioners' negotiations. His particular recommendation made Naunton give respect to M. Goch, whom he [Naunton] takes to have been the honestest man of them ; but supposes he was single, as Naunton kept himself, with some ado, out of the business of the treaty, and thus found his poor opinions better accepted by his Majesty when they were at losses. They are said to have made some purchases among our Commissioners, who Naunton doubts not will be no gainers by it in the end. [Extract from Holland Corresp.]
Aug. 4. 717. Court Minutes of the East India Company. The treaty in 31 articles concluded with the Dutch on the 7th of July last, and to be ratified by the two Companies within one month from that date, is now ratified and confirmed, according to his Majesty's ratification, and the committees promise to use their utmost endeavours to cause their people in the Indies to perform the same ; ordered that the great seal of the Company be put to the one part and sent over as soon as the like is received under the seal of the Dutch East India Company, which is to be kept by this Company. Sir Noel Caron to be informed that the Company have performed for their part what they promised. The general auditors to have the assistance of the other auditors. Newman recommended as a factor. Letters read from John Burrell and Jarvis Locket, from Ireland, about supplying timber. Bill of 4l. 16s. for engrossing the ratification of the treaty to be paid. 100l. to be paid to Sir Henry Neville for timber. Letters read from Mr. Barwick and Wm. Kirfford of the Bear, from Cape de Verd, with account of extraordinary storms, in which they lost company of the Star ; two men fell overboard, Lawrence Averey and Jas. Paine ; and the good refreshment they found there of beeves, goats, and hens, commending that place as extraordinary good to touch at. Capt. Adams to be advised thereof, but not to go there except in case of necessity. [One page and a half. Court Bk. IV., 390-391.]
Aug. 5. Jacatra. 718. Abstract of a general letter written from Jacatra. Arrival of General Coen, 4 Feb. 1619, at Amboyna, with four ships, where he found all things in good order. Seizure of the adjoining places, by which means the Netherlanders have great reputation in those quarters. Ternate and Tidore at war. How the Dutch fleet should set upon the English. The former made a land journey with 400 men, took the town of Japara by assault, and burnt it the second time. The English fleet in the straits of Sunda. The fort of Jacatra held out against the English and the King of Jacatra. The Dutch induced to surrender the fort 19 Jan. upon conditions. The conditions of the first accord. The Dutch governor taken prisoner by the King of Jacatra. Another Dutch governor appointed. The fort summoned to surrender by Sir Thos. Dale ; the English and the King of Jacatra plant batteries of 30 or 35 pieces of ordnance against it. Conditions of the second accord. The Dutch refuse to surrender the fort to the English. Conditions of the third accord for surrendering the fort to the King of Bantam. That King conquers the King of Jacatra, and takes his kingdom from him, 15 Feb. 1619. The English fleet sails from Jacatra to Bantam. Dutch ships surprised by English ships ; the former take refuge in Amboyna. The English fleet sail from Bantam, taking with them their merchandise and three boys of China. General Coen arrives at Jacatra 28 May, and lands 1,000 men in the fort ; they take the town of Jacatra by assault, notwithstanding there were 3,000 "Banthaners," and burnt it. The fort commands all the country round about. The Dutch prisoners set at liberty by the King of Bantam. He offers to keep friendship with the Dutch as heretofore, but underhand ; forbids any man to trade with them. Four Dutch ships sent to Jambi and Patani to look out for the two English ships. Four ships left by General Coen before Bantam, to beset the haven ; he resolves to compel Bantam to yield to reason. [Twelve pages. Dutch. Endorsed by Carleton, "Relation of the East Indies, anno 1619." Holland Corresp.]
Aug. 5. 719. Two English translations of the preceding. [Holland Corresp.]
Aug. 6. 720. Court Minutes of the East India Company. One Newman recommended for employment. A commodity having been offered to this Company of great moment, "which because it is unfit to be publicly spoken of or known," a committee is appointed to see it and consider thereof. Further inquiries to be made of Brownlowe ; recommended for employment. Suit of Thos. Gainsford. The Company have "no employment fit for a man of his fashion." Capt. Thompson and Mr. FitzHerbert to be conferred with about their entertainment ; also Captains Tucker and Argoll, who have been employed to the Somers Islands and Virginia. Petition of Jas. Barker, of Deptford, for Bustian's place of nailer to the Company. John Cartwright, "a Blackwellhall man, an apprentice sometimes in Shrewsbury," to be conferred with about his going to the Indies ; also Michael Croker and Jo. Cooper. Certain orders to be observed concerning the taphouses ; to restrain the workmen from going out to their dinners abroad, whereby the loss of much time may be saved. Benefit to the Company by Mr. Burrell managing both the King's and this Company's business. [One page and three quarters. Court Bk. IV., 391-393.]
Aug. 7. 721. Hen. Lord Danvers to Carleton. The Spanish Dons not well pleased with the bonfires made upon the conclusion of "that treaty we had to establish the East Indian trade." [Extract from Domestic Corresp., Vol. CX., No. 11*, Cal., p. 556. Addenda, Jac. I.]
Aug. 7. The Hague. 722. Carleton to Sec. Naunton. The States Commissioners and the deputies of the East India merchants returned from England 24 ultimo, the latter going to their several homes without appearing at the Hague. Their report of their negotiations deferred till Saturday last (31st July), when, in presence of the Prince of Orange and Count William, they acquitted themselves well and thankfully towards his Majesty in the relation of his princely usage of them during their abode in England, and his care in preserving the amity between his crown and those provinces, by suppressing the long-nourished disputes and difficulties. Their relation lasted from eight in the morning till two in the afternoon, and tended to express their full satisfaction. The States bethink themselves of the like means of an ambassage to settle their affairs in France, four letters of reprisal being granted against the Dutch merchants because of the taking of two French ships in the East Indies, whereby their voyage was overthrown. [Extract from Holland Corresp.]
Aug. 10. From aboard the Bull in Portland Road. 723. Joseph Cockram to Sir Thos. Smythe. One of the Dutch factors, Christian de Cooper, "taken lunatic," and in such a fierce madness that he will not be kept in his bed, "besides his continual cursing and calling upon the devil to take him hence, which are words very ill-beseeming aboard a ship or elsewhere." He has been put ashore and the magistrates communicated with. The commissions delivered by the States are in the custody of the other factor, John Clante, a very discreet and sober young man. Note of De Cooper's goods left in the town-hall of Weymouth. [Two pages. O.C., Vol. VII., No. 808.]
Aug. 10/20. The Hague. 724. The States General of the United Provinces to the King. Complimentary letter, attributing the entire success of the conclusion of the treaty to his Majesty's wisdom, industry, and promptitude, and praying that by his Majesty's authority it may be strictly observed by his subjects, as the States engage that all the articles shall be religiously observed on their part everywhere with the utmost friendship and integrity. [French. Three pages. Holland Corresp.]
Aug. 10. The Hague. 725. Carleton to Chamberlain. His "serious endeavours" to bring about the treaty, which has succeeded so well and so much to the content of our Company, as is sufficiently witnessed by their liberality to the Commissioners. Complains of the "prime instrument" being forgotten, "as I must tell you I find myself." Wishes him to let Mr. Bell understand that Carleton is not insensible of such neglect, and sooner or later Carleton may have opportunity to make it appear. Sir Noel Caron has no such cause to complain, but Carleton is not the first that has used the motto Sic vos non vobis. [Extract from Holland Corresp.]
Aug. 11-20. 726. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Mr. Bateman, being 56 or more, thought too aged for employment. John Cooper entertained a factor, and to proceed in the Dutch ship with Mr. Cartwright. Rich. Winch refused. John Cartwright to be employed, and Jas. Cartwright to be ready to depart from Amsterdam next week. Michael Croker referred to next Court. Aug. 13.-Letters approved and ordered to be despatched by the Dutch ship of Amsterdam to Sir Thos. Dale, Capt. Jourdain, Capt, Parker, and others. Advances to Jas. Cartwright and John Cooper, who are to leave for Amsterdam this afternoon. Gratuities to Andrew Ellam, Christopher Lanman, Rich. Mountney, Francis Sadler, and Rich. Atkinson. 50l. to be paid to Sir Thos. Hewitt for the relief of Walter Cocks according to former order. Suit of Greene the surgeon, who went forth with Sir Thos. Roe, "abused himself in his service and returned with disgrace," for part of the money for his goods, stayed till the ambassador's return, which is like to be very shortly. Half of John Greene's fine remitted for his freedom. Michael Croker to be entertained as a factor in the next fleet. Aug. 18.-Gratuity to Richard Atkinson. Petition of William Nealson, who brought the letters overland out of Persia, that the Company would continue the 300l. they have of his at 10 per cent. interest. Letters from Capt. Adams and others, of the Bull, from Portland, concerning Christian de Cooper, one of the Dutch merchants aboard the Bull, "who fell lunatic the day after their departure from the Downs, raging so violently and seeking with weapons and knives to spoil all that came near him." Thos. Gainsford refused employment. Aug. 20.-Nich. Crispe to be again employed as a purser's mate. Offer of an upholsterer to buy all the embroidered velvet carpets at 6l. apiece. John Hayward and James Dover referred for employment. [Four pages and three quarters. Court Bk. IV., 393-7.
Aug. 20. The Hague. 727. Carleton to Sec. Naunton. News of a fight about Bantam in January last between eleven English ships under Sir Thos. Dale and seven Dutch ships, the result of which is not yet known ; the Hollanders afterwards retired to Amboyna "to fetch more strength" and take their revenge of a ship of theirs, laden with pepper to the value of 30,000l., which Sir Thos. Dale had taken under colour of friendship. It is thought they had another encounter about the end of March last. This Company has resolved to send an extraordinary supply, and to send their secretary Burrell [Boreel] to England to persuade the English Company to do the like, to resist those who may take advantage of their differences. It is conjectured that Sir Thos. Dale has besieged Jacatra ; in going to Bantam he lost his admiral by shipwreck, upon the blind island of Engano in the straits of Sunda. [Extract from Holland Corresp.]
Aug. 21. The Hague. 728. Carleton to the King. The States not thinking that they have sufficiently expressed their contentment in the success of their late embassage, by their express letters now sent to his Majesty have deputed to Carleton a message full of gratitude and acknowledgment of eternal obligation to his Majesty, to whose wisdom and singular insight into affairs of greatest doubt and difficulty they wholly ascribe the good event of this treaty. [Extract from Holland Corresp.]
Aug. 21. The Hague. 729. Carleton to Sec. Naunton. Mons. Gogh acknowledges Sec. Naunton's favour and furtherance in his affairs, and complains that his colleagues have been defective in such acknowledgment, but hopes to remedy it. "There be that have taken more than ordinary pains in this business who may say, Il.n'y eut jamais de si bonnes noces qu'il n'en eut de mal dins, but it is a merchants' treaty, and they treat like merchants, who seldom look back to the causes or motives, but take the market as it goeth." [Extract from Holland Corresp.]
Aug. 21. The Hague. 730. Carleton to Buckingham. The States have made ample acknowledgment by letters delivered by their Ambassador, and message to Carleton, of obligation to the King for the happy success of the late treaty in England ; and the Commissioners in their report ascribe most of the good offices done them to his Lordship. News by a ship richly laden from the East Indies that the difference between the English and Dutch in the Moluccas is come to Bantam, and all places where any of their ships meet. It is thought they (the Dutch) would not leave the loss of the Black Lion unrevenged, but lest both should become a prey to the Spaniards through weakness, a secretary is sent to the Company in England to agree between both of some extraordinary supplies. [Draft by Carleton with corrections. One page and a quarter. Holland Corresp.]
1619 ? 731. "The Hollanders' proposition for restitution of the Black Lion," taken by Sir Thos. Dale in the East Indies the 5-15 Dec. 1618, and afterwards burnt in an action between the Hollanders and English at the siege of the Dutch fortress of Jacatra. [See ante No. 529. One page and three quarters. Endorsed as above. East Indies, Vol. I., No. 79.]
1619. Aug. 22. Firando. 732. Wm. Eaton to Capt. Cocks in Osaka, Fushamy, Miako, or elsewhere. Sends goods with Ed. Sayer's secretary by bearer. Concerning the Emperor's "gushen" delivered by Capt. Addames, and sold to the China captain, wonders the Emperor took no exception to her sale as formerly he hath done ; has written to the China captain about it. All in good health, and the Dutch quiet enough. [One page, injured by damp. Endorsed, "Received in Fushamy 18 Sept." O.C., Vol. VIl., No. 810.]
Aug. 23. Whitehall. 733. Sec. Naunton to Carleton. Doubts not but he bears of the prize taken from the Hollanders by Sir Thos. Dale, to quit the wrongs done by them to our men. Hears it is worth 100,000l. Notice should be given from both States of this last accord, that we may concur honourably as one body, for he hears it assured from all parts that this conjunction of the two East India Companies hath cramped the sweetest intelligences we have either with Spain or France. [Extract from Holland Corresp.]
Aug. 26. 734. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Letter read from Jas. Cartwright and John Cooper, English factors for Amsterdam, with news from the Delft, lately returned from the Indies, that the English have taken a Dutch ship, the Black Lion, of 700 tons, laden with 600 tons of pepper, and 100 tons of other goods of great value, in the road of Bantam in December last ; a fight between 11 English and 7 Holland ships between Bantam and Jacatra, wherein the Dutch lost 20 men, and afterwards sailed to the Moluccas, "to join more strength to seek revenge ;" that the fort of Jacatra was besieged by 7 or 8,000 Indians by land and the English by sea, so that they doubted the taking thereof, within a very short time, having in it between 200 and 300 pieces of eight with other things of great value ; the loss of the Sun, with the saving of Sir Thos. Dale, John Jourdain, and others ; the rest, swimming ashore, were slain by the Indians of that country ; together with the discontent of the Dutch at Amsterdam, and doubt of further mischief before the news of peace can come into the Indies. Caleb Buxton referred for employment. Letters read from Thos. Barwicke, master of the Bear, and Henry Bates, merchant from Cape de Verd, of 8 Feb. last, with account of a great storm there. Supposing the store to be lost at Jacatra, as reported, a good quantity of shot, powder, and cordage to be provided and sent over ; also tar, a special preservative for shipping in the Indies. Concerning a supply of men in the Indies ; the main want there. The proceedings between the English and Dutch in the Indies being but rumours and reports, no notice to be taken of them in the Company's letters, but the Governor is requested to write a private letter, commending their valour for what is past, but persuading them to observe the articles of the Treaty of Peace now concluded ; it is not thought necessary to send them in French, although the originals are in that language. Gratuities the same as last year ; to the Governor 800l., the Deputy 300l., the Treasurer, leaving him to satisfy his servants, 500l., to the Committees 1,200l., to be distributed at the discretion of the Governor, Deputy, and Treasurer, and 200l. more to be distributed at the discretion of the Governor and Deputy. Grant of 150l. more out of the estate of Hugh Greete to pay his debts, the remainder with other remainders of old accounts to be disposed of at the discretion of the Company to build an hospital or almshouse for maimed men, or orphans or widows, whose parents and husbands died in the Company's service. All who shall in future be employed by the Company to pay 4s. per month out of their wages for the relief of those who may be maimed in the service, as Sir Wm. Russell gave notice was done by the King's servants at Chatham. [Two pages and a quarter. Court Bk. IV., 397-400.
Aug. 28. Madrid. 735. Fras. Cottington to Sir Dudley Carleton. These people are so wise as they show no great dislike of the agreement made between the two East Indian Companies, nor hath it wrought much waywardness in them, for they still proceed to a "Legar Union" against the pirates with the King our master. [Extract from Corresp. Spain.]
Aug. 29. Amboyna. 736. Sebastianus Danckaerts to-. Narrow escape from being drowned. Account of his ministerial labours. Death of Dr. Casper Wilters after a long sickness, so as the writer was obliged to undertake his ministry in the Malay language as well as in his own. Increase of the fruits of his preaching. Good government of General Coen. Continues to administer the holy baptism as before ; the children not brought to him in such numbers as at first. Baptism of adults after instruction. Edict of the Vice-Governor Vermeer that he would admit Moors or Mahometans into his government if they renounced their religion and embraced Christianity ; "some, but in truth very few, could be made sensible hereof ;" some are retired to Hitto and other places where the Moors govern, but the greater part have offered to embrace Christianity. His endeavours in the cause and baptism of some of the Moors. Has been unable as yet to administer the holy sacrament, finding more obstacles than were expected. The schools increased ; order of General Coen for all scholars in want to have 1 lb. a rice a day, "by which means there is an apparent increase of scholars." Refers to the discourse of the Staet of the Christians of Amboyna for more particulars. Hopes to bring it with him next year. Open war with the English. "Received in the Hague, this 18th of August 1620. Translated out of Nether Dutch." [Two pages and a half. Holland Corresp.]