East Indies, China and Japan: November 1619

Calendar of State Papers Colonial, East Indies, China and Japan, Volume 3, 1617-1621. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1870.

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'East Indies, China and Japan: November 1619', in Calendar of State Papers Colonial, East Indies, China and Japan, Volume 3, 1617-1621, (London, 1870) pp. 313-327. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-state-papers/colonial/east-indies-china-japan/vol3/pp313-327 [accessed 12 April 2024]

November 1619

Nov. 2-3. 758. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Letter read from Mr. Sleigh acknowledging the Company's relief in his misery. Request of Capt. Shilling for the Lord Admiral's leave to go to sea. As to the yearly charge of the trade of Surat, and whether it will bear it with profit ; the quickstock employed to Surat in five ships (besides the Anne, now returned) calculated to amount to 9,526l. (sic), allowing 50,000l. as dead stock, "which sum together maketh the whole stock 89,526l. (sic) at 4s. 6d. the dollar, the proceeds of which goods returned and sold in England have made (besides the general charges there of housekeeping, &c.; ambassador, custom, presents, wages, and whatsoever charge else answered with advantage) 260,860l., out of which the dead stock deducted, which amounteth to 50,000l., the net proceed will come to 210,860l. or thereabouts ; notwithstanding that the charges of late have increased extraordinarily in the country, the prices of goods there have risen, and some other things happened that have made it a declining trade from that it was. Minutes of a general Court. Sale of commodities with names of purchasers and the prices. Nov. 3.-Court Minutes. Suit of Capt. Thompson for the post of commander. Consideration about employing Mr. Fitzherbert ; his terms ; resolution not to conclude with him until the arrival of Capt. Burrowes. Letter from Capt. John Pennington desiring employment. William Baffin to be master of the London, on Capt. Shilling's recommendation, Blieth Vice-Admiral, and Swaine and Browne in the same ship. [Four pages. Court Bk. IV., 440-4.]
Nov. 3. Surat. 759. Kerridge, Rastell, and James to the East India Company. Concerning the commodities received from the fleet under Capt. Bonner's command ; the tapestry, &c., after long lying in the custom-house, sealed by the Prince's officers and sent to Court ; after further delay the Prince chose what he liked, and appointed part of the rest to the King's use, "which being yet unpaid for, we cannot certainly advise the benefit that will arise thereon." The commodities "listed" by Sir Thos. Roe for the Lion's lading nearly prepared. Proceedings of the factors in Agra in providing indigo, carpets, &c. for Persia ; their detention by the Vice-King of Burrampoor, at the suit of a Portugal ; four months spent in obtaining their release. The despatch of the junk for the Red Sea, the cause of the Guzerats prohibiting the English from buying calicoes, and writing to the Governors of Baroach and Brodera to do the like. In an assembly of merchants, they publicly protested against the English trading into the Red Sea, "vowing never to suffer it," so were compelled to promise not to make any investments until the Prince's pleasure were further known ; the solicitations of Wm. Biddulph "given absolute denial" on two occasions. Their dwelling-house, the three years' contracted time expired, taken from them ; have been exposed to petty habitations for five months, not permitted to dwell near the river's side, and forbidden by the Prince's express command to buy or build. Letters received from the Bantam Council, of 16 July, then newly arrived in Capt. Pring's fleet, and from Masulipatam of the arrival of Sir Thos. Dale's fleet. Sir Thomas procured nothing at Engano but certain knowledge of the death of his men left there. Arrival on the 2nd current of the Charles, Ruby, and Diamond, under command of John Bitkell ; also of five Danish ships, "who though they pretended to be bound for Ceylon to inhabit, it is to be feared they have some more fatal design." The Bantam Council requiring the whole fleet, and the late arrival of these ships, has caused much distraction and backwardness in their business. Long stay of the Lion at Mocha ; she has now returned to good account. Indian commodities the life of the Red Sea trade. Deccan merchants ready to buy their coral, but it was prohibited to be landed ; have petitioned the Prince about this and sundry other grievances, but have small hope of remedy. Remarks on some of the commodities sent in the ships, and the causes of delay in relading them for England, "the innate accustomed villainy and unavoidable delays of these people . . . . ; they will do nothing without bribes, which, howsoever extorted, is made a continual custom, enforced as a duty, and yet they never contented, nor will be made sensible of the necessity of our haste." Though this country be esteemed rich, they find the common inhabitants to be very needy, and unwilling, being subject to the tyranny of every officer, to make provision beforehand ; this keeps the prices low, and makes a present dearth and scarcity on the least extraordinary occasion. Are confined to Baroach only for the purchase of calicoes, which will not yield the eighth part of the Company's demands. Brodera a place of great trade, and under the King's jurisdiction, free to all except the English. "The cause of our settling here was for fear of your ships ; our being is a burden to these, who have ever repined at and covertly hindered your designs." No hope of good usage and free trade without being enforced. Advise the stopping of the Indian junks to and from the Red Sea, "then the articles of our residence will be confirmed both by King and Prince . . . . , and your servants relieved." By this course the Company may also initiate a trade at Dabul, where most English commodities will sell. Further necessity for urging trade in the Red Sea, by recourse of "those new-come Danes and other pirates." Strength of shipping requisite to settle at Dabul. Commodities they have provided for Persia. Have presumed to open the Company's letters to Persia, that they might the better understand their minds. Intend sending the Lion home after her return from Jask, whither she sails with the fleet, but fears she cannot be despatched until about the 5th February. [In a postscript of 5th November, "Have received letters from Masulipatam, both from the Bantam Council and Capt. Pring, the first of which, from the Vice-President Spaldinge, or rather his assistant, Mr. Ball, discovers their self-conceit and passion ; so transmit copies, whereby also the Company will learn the death of Sir Thos. Dale, and the present condition of their fleet and affairs, and opinion of the commander." [Eight pages. O.C., Vol. VII., No. 818.]
Nov. 5. Tecoe. 760. Nicolls to the East India Company. The Dragon and Expedition, Capt. Robt. Bonner, arrived at Acheen 8th April last with gun, spangles, and dogs, all which were presented to the King, but the gun, "so thin of substance as not to be shot off," he esteemed nothing worth and would not accept. Would not grant them trade at Tecoe, alleging the ruin both to his gentlemen and merchants, who are wont to profit by trading, and "are now become beggars" and opposed to their suit. At his urgent solicitation, two months' trade granted for his sake only. Presents sent to his Majesty by the King of Acheen of 6 baharrs of pepper, with a lance and knife. Sailed from Acheen 7th July ; fell in with the Rose from Bantam, with a cargo for Acheen. Reasons for Capt. Bonner detaining her voyage ; letter from Spaldinge and Ball "to get me aboard by all means possible," leave Fursland chief, and so home to answer objections against himself. Arrived at Tecoe 28th August, hoping to lade the Dragon. Her surprise on 1st October by five Holland ships with the Star taken by them at Bantam, after little more than an hour's fight, with the loss of 28 men and Capt. Bonner, who died ashore nine days after. The Bear shot not a shot, but being so good was most basely given up. The Dutch being victors, turned 270 men ashore, and gave the English the Rose, under whose rice was steel, which they sold for their relief. The men ready to cut one another's throats, but he kept them in awe. The Hollanders landed all the English goods at Priaman. Fortunately met with the Palsgrave, Elizabeth, and Hope, upon which ships the Englishmen were distributed ; himself returned to Acheen with Mr. Bates and another, principally, if possible, to rout the Hollanders out of all factories in this island. Trick played by the King of Acheen upon the Hollanders, who cannot abide Nicolls. Is in great favour with the King, who "has given me his crest that no man dares to injure me," by which favour the Company's house and goods are in security. A little money can do much. Many respect their own profit rather than the Company's good, and "are seeming saints at coming home, but devils in earnest." Presents fit to send the King, not a gun, but broadswords, &c. "He is so covetous and careless of others' profits but his own, that better to keep him with a bit than give him the bridle, and so tyrannical as I protest it is great danger to remain in his country without hazard of loss of life." The English endanger themselves and the Company's goods by not observing the orders of the country. Their ships should not be suffered to transport any "Judas villains Guzerats" or goods from Surat to Sumatra. Trash goods bought at Surat. It is generally thought that the English Company and the Hollanders will join stocks together ; necessity for doing so, no trade to be had without maintaining twenty stout ships of war. The fleet does not know which way to make a voyage, and the best wits are not able to determine. The Hollanders dog them from place to place, and have pursued Capt. Jourdain, who is suspected to be ruinated at Patani, whither he was bound. What the Hollanders took in the Bear. Complaints of Capt. Keeling, and that he did not deliver Nicolls' accounts to the Company. Sends Robt. Carter's will and Jackson's account. Concerning Rich. Harris' account, and the estate of Capt. Bonner. W. Methwold will give account of the estates of Millward, Pattesonn, Yates, and Pyborne. [Six pages. Endorsed, "Received 19 May 1620 by the Rose." O.C., Vol. VII., No. 819.]
Nov. 6. Tecoe. 761. Henry Bate to the East India Company. Arrived 21 August in the Bear at Tecoe, where they found the Dragon, Expedition, and Rose, from Bantam. The Star taken by four Flemish ships (named) in the straits of Sunda. "Being but one, accounted folly to resist them." Having read the Company's letters to their factors "of no conditions of peace, but by all means to right your wrongs and weaken your forces . . . ., and the fire so much kindled by Sir Thos. Dale," the Flemings not only surprised the Star, but dispeeded six of their greatest ships of force (named) from Bantam, under command of Wm. Johnson, to Tecoe. In less than two hours' fight they took the Dragon, killing at least 25 men, amongst whom was that honest and worthy servant, Capt. Bonner. The Expedition and Rose likewise obliged to yield ; the latter the Hollanders returned to transport the remainder of the English, about 300, after taking away all provisions and munitions, but leaving a quantity of steel buried in the rice, which was sold by Nicolls. Happily met with the Palsgrave, Elizabeth, and Hope. Nicolls has delivered his books and accounts to Thos. Brockendell. Their hopes to meet with the whole fleet from the Coromandel coast, and so consult about the best course to be taken. The Hollanders have at Bantam thirty-five ships well appointed, but dare not set foot on land, though the people cannot stand out long, because the island affords not maintenance. How Sir Thos. Dale made all the Dutch fly out of the road and go to the Moluccas, and might have prevented this had he kept Bantam and the straits of Sunda instead of going to the bare coast of Coromandel, which has given the Flemings respite, and made them so proud and strong that none is so fit to deal with them as devils. "I say their insolency had been resisted, and their ships taken, coming as they came, one and one." Had Sir Thos. Dale kept the straits of Sunda with his twelve ships, the Dutch could neither have had force to take the Company's ships, nor have despatched three ships to Patani after Jourdain with the Sampson and Hound, which the country people report have been surprised and taken. Concerning the loss of the Bear, with which he may be maliciously taxed, "there was such odds that there was no hope of escaping." The danger of landing her treasure ; fears of the factory being robbed three nights before ; one John Tucker killed. Nicolls and himself bound for Acheen in a prow, as thought fitting in consultation to solicit the King about the insolency of the Hollanders in his harbours, and taking his presents, sent by his Majesty of England, in the Dragon. Report that the English fleet have taken three Dutch ships on the Coromandel coast. "Copy of my last letter send home from Tecoe by the ship Rose, by Thomas Barwick, Ao 1619." [Two pages. Endorsed, "Delivered the factors at Jask to be conveyed through Persia overland. This received from Surat by the Lion the 27 September 1620. Read. Of some import." O.C, Vol. VII., No. 820.]
Nov. 8-10. 762. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Concerning the appointments of Mr. Fitzherbert and Capt. Burrowes, recommended by the Earl of Southampton, and of Capt. Pennington, recommended by the Lord Admiral. The Hollanders having on the return of their last ship informed the Company of the state of affairs in the Indies, it was held fit to requite them with the like on the return of this ship, the James ; a committee appointed to draw out some particulars out of the letters that may be fit for them to know. Motion of the French, who have certain money and goods at Bantam, for the Company to bring them home. Great store of pepper returned in the James. Concerning Wm. Swanley's great private trade, Patteson, the factor, and Methwold, "the other executor who took Patteson's estate into his hands ;" Swanley's accounts to be drawn out by Ellam. The Unity, of 280 tons, ready sheathed, with all her furniture, and 20 pieces of ordnance, to be bought for 1,600l. The Bear to carry men and provisions to the Cape, for relief of shipping touching there. Interest payable to Sir Thos. Roe on his adventure in the first joint stock. Concerning Mr. Steele, his wife's goods, and his services ; to be further considered. Nov. 9.-Consideration of Mr. Mun's calculation relating to the trade of Surat ; "no place proveth so good, so sure, nor any trade so profitable ;" also of Alderman Hamersley's calculation of the charge and profit of the trade. Employment of the three ships ready to be sent off. Objections to prevent the danger of the Portugals at Jask ; landing and carrying goods overland thence ; and the security of trade with the Persian. 50,000l. sent to Persia last year ; probability of the trade thither yielding 70, 80, or 90 per cent. profit one year with another ; if the voyage may be effected in sixteen months, as Sir Thos. Roe confidently affirms, 50 per cent. may be gained yearly with safety. Resolution to send 250,000 ryals of eight for Persia only, and to send a messenger overland to let them know in Persia such stock is coming. Committee appointed to consider what stocks are already in the country ; what may be fit to send for Persia, Surat, Bantam, and other places. There being a necessity for employing more money than their patent will bear, the consideration is left to the Governor, Deputy, and Treasurer. Gratuity to Mr. Bag, of Plymouth, for assistance to Sir Thos. Roe. Sir Dudley Diggs' business. Nov. 10.-Report of the committee appointed to cast up Sir Thos. Roe's accounts, that his charges both ordinary and extraordinary for housekeeping, travelling with the King, &c., amounts, one year with another, during his residence in the country, to about 600l. a year, and the Company adjudged he had been very frugal, and purposed some other time to make a final conclusion of his business. Touching the will of Golding, the preacher, who had two wives in England, and left the most part of his estate to his second wife. Swanley and his private trade. Bargains between factors and mariners to be prevented. Committee to consider Steele's demands. [Five pages and three quarters. Court Bk. IV., 444-449.]
Nov. 10. From aboard the Palsgrave in the road of Tecoe. 763. Chas. Clevenger, Thos. Brockedon, and Thos. Mill to the East India Company. Arrived in the road of Tecoe 23rd Oct., where they had intelligence of the surprise of the Dragon, Bear, Expedition, and Rose by six Holland ships, the Dragon riding alone and "so pestered with taking in of pepper" that only two ships, in less than one and a half hour's fight, took her, the rest riding in as great security as if no enemy had been expected, yet had advice by the Rose of our mortal wars with the Dutch. Barwick's report that all was peace a principal cause of the Dragon's security. The Bear, though well prepared, and the rest yielded without fight, to the shame and infamy of themselves and our nation. Barwick might easily have saved the Bear's money by sending it ashore to the factors. The Hollanders with the goods taken in the Expedition and the money out of the Bear have purchased store of pepper at Tecoe and Priaman, which for want of means they could not formerly do. Jo. Rowe sent aboard the Holland ships by Capt. Bonner, but was imprisoned and all our men put in irons against the law of nations. Endeavours of the Hollanders to fire the Dragon, being at first out of hope so easily to have taken her. The Star formerly taken in the straits of Sunda by five men-of-war ; the letters found in her the cause of our men's ill usage. Had not Barwick told Sir Thos. Roe at the Cape that peace was concluded in England, he would have taken four Holland ships. Wonders at the fleet being dispersed, and Capt. Jourdain going with the Sampson and Hound for Patani and Siam, and appointing Priaman for a rendezvous, from whence the Hollanders have advice of their strength ; they have sent four great ships with 800 men after Jourdain, and it is reported have taken and burnt his ships. The Hollanders possess Jacatra and make mortal war at Bantam ; the Pengran gives fifty ryals for the head of a Hollander ; Diego Fernandez, taken to be one, had his head cut off. Thirty sail of Hollanders at Bantam and Jacatra. The Pengran, relying on Capt. Jourdain's promise of return, holds out obstinately, but will be constrained to compound with them. Some important cause must have enforced the fleet's stay six weeks longer than the time appointed. Sent away the Rose to give notice of these incredible losses before the Hollanders return, who intend sending home four or five ships this year. Reasons for sending her home empty. Hope to meet the fleet, otherwise must sail for Surat. The Hollanders report that the English have taken two rich ships of theirs, equal in value to those taken at Tecoe. Sir Thos. Dale left Bantam in extremity of sickness, and is thought to be dead. Preparations of the Portugals and Hollanders against the English at Surat. Have taken 1,000 ryals belonging to Capt. Bonner, deceased, for the Company's use. Nicolls sent to Acheen with 2,000 ryals, to excite the King against the Hollanders and to procure trade for the English ; concerning his accounts. Damage to their trade by transporting Guzerats with their goods from Surat to the southwards ; it is also suspected they carry intelligence to the Hollanders. Great want of provisions for their ships ; have aboard the three ships 700 men, seven ships' companies. Peter Waddon and Thos. Gasken left at Tecoe with letters for the fleet, if they chance to come after their departure. Bad quality of their victuals. [Four pages and a quarter. Endorsed, "Received ye [19] of May 1620 by the Rose." O.C., Vol. VII., No. 821.]
Nov. 10. Tecoe Road. 764. Wm. Kirfford, late purser in the Bear, to the East India Company. Unfortunate success of their ships through the carelessness and cowardice of their commanders. Sir Thos. Roe would have taken two Holland ships at the Cape but for Barwick's false information that the English and Flemings were agreed ; this was also the prime cause of the loss of the four English ships ; otherwise they might have kept company and gone to Bantam. Reasons for the Bear putting into Priaman ; the Hollanders there told them of all the consultations of their (English) fleet. The English ships taken 1st Oct. Barwick entreated by two of his mates to make preparations to escape, but would not "get his sails to yard," and yielded his ship, "contrary to our expectation," without one stroke. His feasting of the Flemings at the Cape and Tecoe laid all the ships' strength open to them ; a proof of it. How he seemed to be rather friend than foe to the Hollanders. Swears Barwick has a great deal more now than ever he brought out of England ; he might very well have saved all the Company's money by sending it ashore. Banqueting and feasting among the English merchants, Rowe and the Flemish merchants, with music, within a short time of the taking of the English ships, as if they had been great friends. The Flemings had fourteen chests of money in the Bear ; Barwick might very well have saved all the Company's money by sending it ashore. [Endorsed, "Received by the Rose, [19] May 1620." O.C., Vol. VII., No. 822.]
Nov. 12. 765. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Saltpetre to be procured from the East Country. John Dent referred for employment. William Moore entertained as a factor. The Hart launched. Richard Brag having lost two of his fingers and the use of his hand, three of his ribs and his arms broken, and a wound in his breast 8 inches deep, in fight with the Hollanders in the Moon, to be employed at home. Information received that Capt. Shilling has, contrary to Mr. Burrell's opinion, had four extra prt-holes cut in the London, though she has 32 ; the Flemings, finding their error, purpose to leave off using such great shipping and to abridge their number of ordnance ; ordered in future that no alterations be made aboard, after the ships be finished, without the consent of this Court. Letter read from Richard Carmarden for satisfaction concerning Capt. Pepwell's estate. Letter received from Capt. Jourdain from Bantam concerning Richard Brag ; allowance to be made him at the rate of 8s. per ryal for 200 ryals of eight. Sir Thos. Roe's accounts perused and ended, and all his expenses both ordinary and extraordinary cast up. The Company find great good husbandry in his expense of housekeeping, which cometh to about 250l. or 260l. a year. "And having duly weighed his carriage and behaviour from the beginning till this present, they esteemed him a very worthy gent, that hath husbanded things exceedingly well, and very moderate in his expenses, and one that by his modesty, honesty, and integrity hath given good satisfaction." Gratuity to him of 1,500l. for his service performed, wherein they had no regard to the future, hearing of his readiness to give assistance at any meeting hereafter. Sir Thos. presenting himself, the Governor made known the Company's mind, acknowledging his honesty and frugality, and commending his care, desired him to accept of the 1,500l., which they held too little compared with his deserts, but their small returns pleaded partly their excuse. Sir Thos. Roe made known that he took in good part whatsoever is given, in the meantime purposed to think thereof, and at next Court purposeth to come and give his thanks. Allowance to Sir Thos. for some things of his own for presents. Great defect of drugs and surgery stuff at Bantam for the comfort and cure of men, store to be provided for Bantam, usual for four great ships ; also two surgeons extraordinary, one to remain at Bantam, the other at Surat, with convenient drugs and surgery for each factory. [Two pages. Court Bk. IV., 449- 451.]
Nov. 13. London. 766. Chamberlain to Carleton. Has been told by Sir Dudley Diggs that there was no manner of mention of Chamberlain during all the treaty, but once by Mons. Basse. Sir Dudley has cast out speeches of their [the East India Company] neglect towards Carleton, but found all very cold, yet he will deal further with Sir Thos. Smythe, who is the primum mobile in all these businesses. Hears of another East Indian ship, the Little James, having come upon the coast, but no great brag of what she brings. [Extract from Domestic Corresp. Jac. I., Vol. CXI., No. 16, Cal., p. 93.]
Nov. 13. Aboard the Palsgrave. 767. John Rowe, late master of the Expedition, to Sir Thos. Smythe. Arrived at Acheen 4 April 1619, where they found Nicolls, and had fair trade ; at Tecoe 7 July, where they procured trade for two months by means of great presents. Were informed there that Sir Thos. Dale and Capt. Pring with their fleets had gone for Masulipatam, and Capt. Jourdain with the Sampson and Hound to Jambi, Siam, and Patani, all promising to meet at Priaman by end of September. No news yet received of them. News by the Bear a few days after their arrival that the English and Dutch companies were joined. Thinking themselves secure from the malice of the Hollanders, the Dragon was three-fourths laden with pepper when six Holland ships, thought to be the English fleet, "layed the Dragon aboard, not speaking other words but 'amayne English dogs,' with a resolution either to sink, burn, or take the other ships riding about a mile and a half from the Dragon." A "most cruel conflict" ensued for about an hour and a half, when the English were forced to yield with the loss of 28 men slain and many wounded, of which number Capt. Bonner was one, "who received a shot in the body, which cut one of his ribs and backbone asunder, living ten days ;" he died 11 Oct. Two of the Holland ships of great force, one with 38 and one 32 pieces of ordnance. The Bear, Expedition, and Rose yielded without any fight at all ; the Expedition had but ten men, the Rose fourteen, all the rest fighting in the Dragon. Barwicke, either "out of cowardliness or sincerity of religion," yielded his ship Bear without firing a shot, though better able to maintain fight than the Dragon. He might have saved the fourteen chests of money by sending them ashore. The Flemings turned them all ashore, about 270 men, among the infidels, and were taken aboard by the Palsgrave, Elizabeth, and Hope on the 23rd Oct. Was himself previously sent aboard the Flemings to parley with them, but clapt fast in irons, where he remained all the time of the fight. The Hollanders boast of this action to the country people, with further opprobrious speech of our King and country. Report of the taking of Capt. Jourdain and two ships at Patani by the Hollanders. Reasons for sending the Rose home. The three ships intended for Surat. Twelve sail of Flemings daily expected at Tecoe. Purpose going for Acheen, In want of provisions. Thirty sail of Hollanders at Bantam, and fifteen or sixteen in other parts. [Three pages and a quarter. Endorsed, "Received by the Rose, 19 May 1620." O.C., Vol. VII., No. 823.]
Nov. 15. 768. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Concerning Capt. Pepwell's estate, and Halsey's debts to the Company. Letter read from Sir Thos. Roe of thanks for the gratification bestowed upon him and offers of service for the good of the Company, with note of certain moneys in his possession in the Indies, and the sums paid to his servants more than he received ; also for presents to the King, Prince, and Lords, his refusal of gifts to the prejudice of the Company, and debts he has recovered for the Company to the value of 3,000l. "His fair carriage" commended and compared with others who have made use of their time by private trade, and "supposing his experience and means here have enabled him to do the Company good service, either at Court upon occasion, or by his advice in drawing their letters and commissions, and that there is a kind of necessity to use his help about the new trades, it was thought fit to have him accepted as a committee amongst the rest, and so to reward him accordingly by giving him a present yearly allowance to bind his presence and advice amongst them, which will be an honour and reputation unto him, and right to the Company." Remembering also that some about the King having lately pressed to ruin that business of my Lord of Warwick's, and that Roe took it wholly upon himself and told the Lords it was his own act and he was ready to justify it, "which gave a taste what further use there may be of his courage and service," it was resolved to give Roe for this year ensuing until the election (in July) 200l. The presents made by Sir Thos. Roe in the Indies allowed, and the 100l. which was laid out in plate for him at his going bestowed upon him, "that his money disbursed for those gifts may not return barely to him again." [Two pages. Court Bk. IV., 461-453.]
Nov. 17. 769. Sir Wm. Cokayne, Lord Mayor of London, Sir Thos. Smythe, Governor of the East India Company, and Sir Thos. Lowe, Governor of the Levant Company, to the Privy Council. The merchants of the several companies are ready with their proportions of money allotted to them, for the expedition against pirates, except the Muscovy Company, who allege great losses, and therefore will attend the Council. It is desired that the merchants may be authorized to hire such merchant ships and mariners as this enterprise shall require, and that they be not enjoined to hasten this expedition until the King's ships be also appointed to be sent forth to strengthen them ; and they also desire authority to collect such moneys on exports and imports as they agree on to defray the charges. [One page. Domestic Corresp. Jac. I., Vol. CXI., No. 27, Cal., p. 96.]
1619. Nov. 17. 770. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Because of the desperate and bold attempt lately made by certain mariners in the river, who carried away a Flemish pink from Erith, the London and any ships that may ride there to be furnished with muskets, powder, and shot. Swanley to be employed in the Exchange or Anne. Complaint against the sailmakers for bad work ; some recommended steel hemp for twine, as that which the shoemakers altogether use. John Dent entertained a factor. Supposing Capt. Burrowes will hardly get permission to leave the Low Countries, he being a man so well esteemed of, it was resolved to conclude with Mr. Fitzherbert. The son of Nicholas Seyliard refused employment. As to the sufficiency of the Unity. [One page. Court Bk. IV., 453-454.]
Nov. 18. London. 771. Sir Thos. Edmondes to [Carleton]. Has not been unmindful to cause Sir Thos. Smythe to be mannerly remembered of the error which the East India Company have committed in having forgotten Carleton's extraordinary care and pains in the business of the late treaty with the States. Sir Thos. Smythe acknowledged the Company's obligation to be very great to Carleton, and he promised that due respect should be had of it, according to the quality of Carleton's special merit. Has since dealt privately with Maurice [Morris] Abbott and Mr. Bell, who assure Edmondes that it is really intended to give Carleton very honourable contentment, as soon as Sir Thos. Smythe's indisposition will permit. [Extract from Domestic Correspondence, Jac. I., Vol. CXI., No. 30, Cal., p. 96.]
Nov. 19. 772. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Two barges to be made for Bantam and Surat, on Sir Thos. Roe's advice. Concerning the Unity, and fitting her for sea. The Bear to be made ready to carry provisions to Bantam, including 100 tons of tar. Touching the employment of Fitzherbert as principal of the fleet to Bantam, on certain conditions ; Sir Thos. Roe desired to undertake the place and charge, but he acknowledging the Company's favour and liberality, desired a breathing time, though ready to perform any service for them both by word and deed. Debt of Sir Wm. Russell to the United Companies. Mr. Burrell informing that all the ships will be launched next week, resolved to have two new ones built, between 600 and 700 tons, and no more to be built above 700 tons, as big enough and of power sufficient against any force whatsoever. Letter read from his Majesty to the Governor and Company, requiring satisfaction from the Company to my Lord of Warwick for the loss of his two ships in the Indies and the overthrow of his voyage, yet the King acknowledged the Company had done no more than what in justice was lawful, "notwithstanding he set this action apart by itself, expecting the Company should be as respective as his Majesty had been, who was pleased to remit and forgive all his part, but in any the like actions hereafter the Company should find his gracious favour to prosecute them with all extremity." Opinion to stand upon their innocency as they had formerly done, when his Majesty and the Lords had seemed well pleased, but Sir Thomas Roe and Sir Dudley Diggs, from speeches they had heard at Court, agreed it was not fit for the Company to recall what they had done, but to justify themselves upon his Majesty's letters patent, as Sir Thos. Roe hath satisfied many of the Lords. Committee appointed to answer the messenger, and that it should be known from my Lord of Warwick what he esteems the value of the King's moiety which hath been bestowed upon him, and to make a final conclusion with him. Sir Thos. Roe to be allowed to adventure 800l. in the second joint stock. [Two pages. Court Bk. IV., 454-456.]
Nov. 20. Madrid. 773. Fras. Cottington to Sec. Naunton. Eight ships of war designed for the East Indies have long been in preparation at Cadiz, and stayed only for mariners, which they will not want now the fleets are come home, for they take them by force and keep them in prison ashore till they are ready to set sail. [Extract from Corresp. Spain.]
Nov. 22. 774. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Necessity for building a barge for Surat confirmed. Sir Dudley Diggs and Sir Thos. Roe's report of their interview with my Lord of Warwick, who promised to set his claim down in writing. Agreement with Mr. Fitzherbert. Steele's accounts. Demands of Tracy, agent in Gloucestershire, in reference to the estate of his son, Wm. Tracy, a factor in Persia, who died in the voyage. Suit of Mrs. Hudson about freight of her goods. The fleet to be supplied with fifteen tons of white wine, to be drunk at the Line and the Cape, which is used by the Dutch to preserve men from the scurvy, and "will refresh the men and scour their maws, and open and cool as well as lemon water." [One page. Court Bk. IV., 457-458.]
Nov. 23 and Dec. 9. Aboard the Unicorn, Masulipatam Road. 775. Aug. Spaldinge to the East India Company. Departure of the Sampson and Hound on 13th April last "to new establish both with men and means the almost decayed factories of Jambi, Patani, Siam, Succadana, &c." Adam Denton, Geo. Muschampe, Mr. Wildinge, and others going to assist. Arrest of three China junks for the Company's debts. Evil government of the English sailors "in drinking of their China wine and robbing of the goods," though every man has received a month's wages gratis out of the China silks. Letters received from Capt. Bonner and Mr. Fursland, who had gone for Acheen with the Dragon and Expedition to procure lading on their way to Surat ; they were at Calicut to recover the Company's debts, but were deluded by that King and came away without anything. Bodman, the chief actor in burning the Black Lion, hanged at the Moon's yard-arm off Sumatra. Value of the China silks. Sudden death of Richard Harris. Thinks worser thieves live not in Newgate than most of the men in this fleet ; Sir Thos. Dale's favour in allowing them to pillage at pleasure has made them worse. The Rose despatched for Acheen to Capt. Bonner and Fursland, with information of their present state with the Dutch and Bantam, and the time and place appointed for their meeting ; value of the cargo. Set sail on 28 April. Sir Thos. Dale with the Moon, Clove, Globe, Peppercorn, Advice, and Dragon's Claw went to Engano to see what they could recover from the Sun, but got nothing but a little of his own plate ; he found not one Englishman alive, but some 16 or 18 of their skulls lying in a heap together. Sir Thomas killed two of their people, burnt and cut down part of their houses and trees, and so left the place, but the diseases our people took there and aboard the China junks left not them until many ended this life. Between Engano and this place eighty died in Sir Thos. Dale's fleet, whereof of note Peter Bowers, Vice-Admiral, Nich. Ufflete, Tanfield Evans, Joseph Ralfe, and Samuel Hazard, merchants, also Martine and Kitchinge, masters ; Sir Thomas himself very sick, and shortly after his arrival, on 19 July, "he departed this life in peace." Capt. Pring left Sir Thomas with the James Royal, Gift, Unicorn, and Bee, bound for Masulipatam ; so many died that they were obliged to hire some 120 blacks for the ships. The Advice unable "to swim any farther." Harris' death caused by the upsetting of a boat, when four others were also drowned, himself and six men escaping ; Harris' loss very great, he keeping the accounts. Beaumont, Holman, and Jourdain, jun., the only merchants left in this fleet. Ball pretends his time of service to be expired. Leave to build a slight house at the Bar to land their China porcelain. Inconvenience of expecting so long the good news of an agreement with the Dutch. Understood from some Dutch that there is no accord, and that the Star fought six hours with three Dutch ships, and after great loss yielded upon composition to depart in a boat for Priaman. Three of his best ships sent by General Peterson Coen after the President (Jourdain) ; is sure his fleet will not be able to perform any great fights for want of men and good munition. The Dutch aim to be sole masters of the whole Indies, and it would seem by the small strength the English Company have sent out for Bantam this year, in comparison of the Dutch, that they will be, unless there be some agreement of peace made at home. Hopes the Little James has arrived home in safety. Unless the Company has taken order for preventing future mischiefs of the Dutch, they may judge what will become of their East India trade, having no place in the Indies to retire to for succour. The whole fleet committed to the command of Capt. Pring. This place the worst ever he came to, for keeping dishonest men in order ; they are grown rather worse than better. Daily complaints of the officers of the ships of want of provisions and a hundred necessaries. No hopes of amendment ; private trade never more common ; it cannot be helped in these troublesome times. Account of cargo shipped from hence this year. [Written December 9th.] Have now been plentifully replenished with fresh victuals and provisions for the sea. Great deal of foul weather hindered their shipping the necessary provisions and their departure. Bantam cargo, formerly provided for Surat, and in request here, landed with that in the lesser James from Siam and Patani. [Nine pages. Endorsed, "Received 1 Jan. 1620-1 by the Dutch White Bear." O.C., Vol. VII., No. 826.]
Nov. 24-29. 776. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Letter read from Sir Stephen Powell on behalf of a young gentleman, a kinsman of his wife's, desiring to have him entertained in some place fitting his birth and position, being heir to 300l. a year in land ; have no means of employment but only for merchants and mariners, and so dissuaded him, but offered their best assistance if he would go to the straits, where he may gain honour and experience. Letter from Sir Jas. Cunningham, claiming certain moneys for dismissing his voyage to Greenland. Mr. Stamere to be admitted a free brother. Debt of Robt. Angell. Submission of Nicholas Withington. Capt. Shilling found fault with for his harsh speeches and answers to some of the committees. Nov. 26.-Concerning the supply of Coniak (Cognac) wine for the fleet ; Capt. Shilling and his alterations in the London ; and the supply of bread. Capt. Watts to be entertained. Complaint of the weight of the ordnance supplied to the shipping, "which is only for the gunfounders' profit and gain." Eustace Man, having lately buried his wife, to be entertained for a master. Petition of Richard Steele, claiming allowance for eight months' service in the Indies more than was allowed him by the committees. Request of John Woodhouse, the preacher, to proceed in the London with Capt. Shilling granted. Nov. 29.-Letters from Mr. Quoitmore and Mr. Bennet from aboard the Little James, in Scilly road, for provisions and extra anchors, ropes, &c., the weather being most violent. Distaste against Mr. Robinson, a general auditor. Because many things of great moment and secrecy are already in their books and argued and spoken of in courts, which are not fit to be made known abroad, but to be kept private and secret, whereunto all the committees are sworn, resolved that the general auditors and general committees also take the oath of secrecy. Suit of Mr. Giles, who has been in all the great actions at sea since '88, for employment. The Bear to be sheathed, Sir Thos. Roe informing that the King of Acheen will give any reasonable sum for such a ship. [Five pages. Court Bk. IV., 458-462.]
Nov. 30. The Hague. 777. Carleton to Chamberlain. Begs him to let Sir Dudley Diggs know how much Carleton is beholden to him, but does not desire he should insist any more upon that matter, "for it is not a fit thing to be prest, neither is it likely he can now make them (the committee of the East India Company) apprehensive of the pains and toil it cost me here during the distractions of this state, first to procure a resolution of sending commissioners, and next to make a sufficient commission be despatched after them, in which point I can call to mind that you lighted upon some part of my endeavours." Some of the chief of the Privy Council have acknowledged the good and seasonable office he did in this business, by which means that of the Indies had a despatch apart ; if it had been entangled with the rest, as some back friends to the cause endeavoured, God knows when we should have seen an issue thereof ; but it seems they can be well content to reap the fruits of other men's labours without searching much who did their help or hurt them." Writes not this by way of remonstrances, but to let Sir Dudley Diggs and himself know what reason Carleton had to look to be remembered. Thanks Lady Smith for her token, though he does not yet see it ; but as it falls out the provision he has of the same kind from friends makes him able the better to excuse the stay of it. [Extract from Holland Correspondence.]