East Indies, China and Japan: December 1620

Calendar of State Papers Colonial, East Indies, China and Japan, Volume 3, 1617-1621. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1870.

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, 'East Indies, China and Japan: December 1620', in Calendar of State Papers Colonial, East Indies, China and Japan, Volume 3, 1617-1621, (London, 1870) pp. 395-408. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-state-papers/colonial/east-indies-china-japan/vol3/pp395-408 [accessed 26 May 2024].

. "East Indies, China and Japan: December 1620", in Calendar of State Papers Colonial, East Indies, China and Japan, Volume 3, 1617-1621, (London, 1870) 395-408. British History Online, accessed May 26, 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-state-papers/colonial/east-indies-china-japan/vol3/pp395-408.

. "East Indies, China and Japan: December 1620", Calendar of State Papers Colonial, East Indies, China and Japan, Volume 3, 1617-1621, (London, 1870). 395-408. British History Online. Web. 26 May 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-state-papers/colonial/east-indies-china-japan/vol3/pp395-408.

December 1620

Dec. 2. Surat. 926. Joseph Hopkinson to John Banggam at Agra or elsewhere. His from Lahore of 26 Aug. received 20 Nov. Four English ships have arrived for this place and Persia, the London, Hart, Roebuck, and Eagle, Capt Shilling commander ; and Darrell, Tomson, Offley, and Clarke factors. They came from the Cape in company with the Exchange, Bear, and Unity, Capt. Fitzherbert commander, now gone for Bantam, and to be chief at sea. Capt. Pring going home. Capt. Fitzherbert proclaimed our king, King of Saldanha ; raised a great mount there, and named it King James his mount. The Hart and Eagle dispeeded for Persia, whither they were expressly consigned by the Company. Sir Thos. Roe, it seemed, made the Company believe all the Portugals in India were dead. Has certain advice of four galleons, men-of-war, riding about Ormuz, waiting for our ships at Jask. Has heard of the 2,000l. gratuity, and 200l. a year. pension granted to Sir Thos. Roe by the Company. Thinks if some of their returning officers were made committees their business would be better ordered. Mr. Treasurer Harrison died of a short sickness a little before this fleet came away ; who succeeds him is not known. The Anne was cast away a little beyond Gravesend in the Thames, to the endangering of the river and her own ruin ; hears nothing in her can be saved. She was to have gone for Bantam with Capt. Towerson, commander. The little Rose, in her passage home, had eight or nine men slain at the Cape by the savages. The lesser James was forced into Scilly. News from Persia of the death of Barker the elder ; no silk had then been provided, but they doubted not to make good returns this year. The Palsgrave and his wife are crowned King and Queen of Bohemia, and have besieged the Emperor's forts in his chief city of Bohemia. His salary. [Two pages. O.C., Vol. VII., No. 907.]
Dec. 6. [Firando.] 927. Capt. Robt. Adames to the East India Company. Journal of his voyage in the Bull from the Cape to Bantam. Anchored 14 March last under one of the salt islands, where he found the Dutch fleet of 12 ships ; on the 17th, in Jacatra road ; and 4 April in Bantam road, to see if he could get any news from the English, but could speak to none of them ; fell in with the English fleet of 11 ships the day after leaving Bantam, on the 8 April. Arrived at Jacatra road 19 May. Was removed by the President and Council of Defence from the Bull to the Moon, "although unworthy and unwilling to take so great a business upon me." Departure of English and Dutch ships for Japan 21 May ; also of the Moon and Palsgrave with two Dutch ships, 4 June, from Jacatra. Capture of a Portugal frigate ; her best goods 36 bales of raw silk. Arrival at Firando. Clevenger and Cockram embarked on 31 August for Miako. Particulars concerning the English fleet, repairs, &c. A China junk taken belonging to Macao, let go with a pass, but neglecting to show it was by the next ships pillaged and set on fire by mischance, when 30 Chinese, 8 English men from the Bull, and one or two Dutchmen, were burnt. On showing their pass all their things were restored to them. It is feared the Hope sent to Patani, and which should have returned to Firando, is lost. "This port of Firando is a second 'Sodomy'; there is never a house in the town but the basest fellow in the fleet may have wine and a 'hoore ;' if they have it not in the house to fit their turn they will send for it out of doors. We have so much favor with the King that they shall not trust our men further than their money reacheth unto, yet they will let them have drink and 'hoores' so long as they think their clothes are worth it, and then the Japons will strip them naked, and turn them out of doors. More, when the women have children here, if they will keep them alive they may, if they will kill them they may." They are to set sail from hence 1 January. Have been at very great charges ; he knows not how they should have done if Capt. Cocks' credit had not been good. Have sold no commodities ; their factories unprovided of all things. The Dutch had all things in store, and they are much beholden to them. [Two pages and a half. Indorsed, "Received 19 Sept. 1621 by the James Royal." O.C., Vol VII., No. 908.]
Dec. 6. The Hague. 928. Carleton to Sec. Naunton. Names of the States' ambassadors to France, and of the six ambassadors to his Majesty, viz.: Benthusen, of the nobility of Holland ; Camerleng, secretary of Delft ; Brunings, secretary of Enchusen ; Zonck, burgomaster of Horne ; Scot, burgomaster of Middelburg ; and Vervon, deputy in the States General for Friesland. The increase in the number proceeds from the multitude and rarity of affairs. Scot of Zealand the soul of this great body, a man of most quickness and ability and of good reputation for sincerity. Their instructions not yet framed, but they expect to be in France and England about Christmas. Incloses translation of Sir Dudley Diggs and Mr. Abbott's letters from the States ; they have entered into their business, but the several chambers of these East India merchants are not assembled. Incloses,
928. I. The States General to the seventeen Directors of the East India Company at Amsterdam. By Sir Dudley Diggs and Morris Abbott, two qualified persons deputed by the English East India Company, they will understand how seriously his Majesty requires and recommends the accommodation of the differences between the two Companies concerning the restoring of certain goods taken in the Indies from, the English, and brought to Amsterdam. Earnestly request that they will friendly entertain the English deputies, and so treat with them that the differences may be composed, and his Majesty see with what good affection his counsel and recommendations are embraced, which will also be very agreeable to the States General, and on which they rely. The Hague, 1620 Nov. 19/29. [One page and a half. Translated out of the Nether Dutch, and indorsed by Bradshaw. Holland Corresp.]
Dec. 12. Firando. 929. W. Eaton to the East India Company. His last was of the 10 March last by the Godspeed for Bantam by Edm. Sayer. The James Royal, Capt. Pring, arrived at Firando 23 July, from whom they heard of the peace with the Hollanders, "which was welcome news unto us that live here." Capt. Adames arrived in the Moon 25 July, and Edmund Lennis in the Elizabeth ; Capt. Charles Clevenger in the Palsgrave on 5 Aug., and John Munden in the Bull on the 7th, but with never a mast standing. Goods received from the several ships, including cloths, pepper, lead, silk, and six chests of ryals. The Unicorn and a small pinnace it is feared are cast away, as also the Hope, laden with provisions. Names of ships sent to the Manillas. A frigate taken by the Elizabeth belonging to Spaniards and Japonners ; doubtful whether the Emperor will permit it to be lawful prize, part belonging to his subjects. Her cargo sequestred by the King of Firando until the Emperor's pleasure be known. Chas. Clevenger and Joseph Cockram and two Dutch gone to the Emperor about it. Account of goods sold, and the prices, and those which should be supplied. [Three pages. Indorsed, "Received 19 Sept. 1621 by the Royal James." O.C., Vol. VII., No. 910.]
Dec. 13. Firando. 930. Richard Cocks to the East India Company. His last was from Nangasaki of 10 March last by the Godspeed, to seek out the English fleet at Bantam or elsewhere, but was forced to return through stormy weather. Ships arrived in Japan this year. The Royal James the first with news of the peace, "God be praised for it, and God grant the Dutch may as firmly follow the orders prescribed as I make no doubt the English will do, and then there will no occasion of discontent be offered hereafter." The Moon came next, Capt. Robt. Adames, commander and admiral. ; the Palsgrave, Chas. Clevenger capt. ; the Elizabeth, Edmond Lennis capt. ; the Bull, John Munden, capt. Knows not what has become of the Unicorn and Hope, except they be returned to Patani or Jacatra. List of Dutch ships arrived. Also the Swan, Howdane capt. ; and the Expedition cast away in this port at anchor in a great storm, and not to be recovered. How all this shipping was disposed of. Commodities received from the ships, and what have been sold. Might have sold much more broad cloth, but most part of the store was burnt in the city of Miako last year, when 5,000 or 6,000 houses were also burnt. Verily thinks it will cost the Company ten thousand pounds sterling, to set forth the five ships above named. No man dare buy the lead but the Emperor, and his Council set the price from time to time as they please. Capt. Clevenger and Joseph Cockram, with two Dutchmen, sent to the Emperor's court with presents ; understands they are friendly entertained, but stay longer for their dispatch than they thought of, because of the taking of a frigate wherein were Portugals, Spaniards, and Japons, and two seminary priests or Jesuits, people defended from coming into Japan. Knows not whether the Emperor will let them have it for good prize till their men return from Yedo. Hoped to have returned for England this year. Has served the Company ten years, and wishes to return to his own country. Hopes to do so next year, and to be the bearer of his own books of accounts. Death of Nealson in March last, "being wasted away with a consumption ;" also of our good friend Capt. Wm. Addames, 16 May last, who left Eaton and Cocks his overseers, giving half of his estate to his wife and child in England, and the other half to a son and daughter he has in Japan. Copy of his will sent to his wife and daughter by Capt. Pring ; "it was not his mind his wife should have all, in regard she might marry another husband, and carry all from his child, but rather that it should be equally parted betwixt them." No order yet come out of China to let them have trade, for that the Hollanders have shut up their trade that few dare look out. John Young, carpenter, formerly a prisoner of the Dutch in the Moluccas, fell overboard on the coast of China and was drowned, 1 April last.
Dec. 14. Firando. Unruliness of the mariners ; six of them run away to the Spaniards and Portugals at Nangasaki, but upon complaint to the justice of the place three of them were recovered. Encounter between Thos. Harod, Thos. Hely, and White, a master's mate, and some fifty Portuguese, when endeavouring to take the escaped English mariners. Harod severely wounded in 15 or 16 places. Cannot but be sorrowful for the loss of such a man as Wm. Addames, who was in such favour with two Emperors of Japan as never was any Christian in these parts of the world, and might freely have entered and had speech with the Emperors, when many Japan kings stood without and could not be permitted. And this Emperor hath confirmed the lordship to his son which the other Emperor gave to the father. Has received two letters this year from Siam ; one from Henry Wolman from Bankok, then bound for Patani, the other from Edward Longe from Judea, both advising of letters received from the Company for Cocks, but which have never come to his hands. Death of Geo. Savage on 13 July last, and of Wm. Barret on 31 Aug., both at Judea. Good quantity of gold consigned to Capt. Denton. All the Dabul merchants have left Siam, and mean never to have any more trade to that place, which he says will be a great help to our trade. Strange to see the prices of merchandize so altered since their first arrival in Japan ; less than half ; the reason. The Emperor has forbidden any more lead to come into Japan till the great quantity brought by them and the Hollanders be spent. Thinks broad cloths, kersies, and perpetuanos will prove the best commodity for Japan. Most part of their baize and yellow broad cloth remaining in the factory delivered to the pursers of the ships, to make apparel for their naked mariners in this cold country, where we have frost and snow already. Quarrel between a nobleman's men and Edmund Sayer ; both banished by the King of Firando ; yet now all is revoked by the King's order, and Sayer cleared and the others recalled. [Six pages and a half. Endorsed, "Rec. by ye Royal James, 19 Sept. 1621." O.C., Vol. VII., No. 911.]
Dec. 16. Firando. 931. Rich. Cocks to the East India Company. Arrival of Capt. Clevenger, Ceckram, and the two Dutchmen, this day, from the Emperor's Court, who have dispatched their business to content. Price the lead is fixed at ; the prize frigate referred to the report of the King of Firando whether it shall be found prize or no. So far as Cocks can undertake, our nation is esteemed before the Hollanders, but time will try whether it be so or no. [Half page. Endorsed. "Received ye 19 Sept. 1621 by ye Royal James." O.C., Vol. VII., No. 912.]
Dec. 19. Jacatra. 932. Rich. Fursland, Thos. Brockedon, Aug. Spaldinge, and Geo. Muschamp to Wm. Nicolls. Have appointed him chief agent of all the factories (seven in number) in the Moluccas. Desire his especial care and diligence in managing them so that he be not any way circumvented by the Hollanders, who will use all their cunning, and yet keep friendship, as we must likewise. John Gunninge is appointed chief of the factory next to Nicolls, Michael Hollman principal of the third, John Cooper, Anthony Wallis, Phillipp Harryson and Thomas Johnson, prime men of the other four factories. Pery to remain with Nicolls as his second. John Dent, Richard Crofte, Giles Cole, Ralph Cartwright, Andrew Weekes, and Robt. Mould to be assistants. To take in provisions at Macassar. All speed to be used to get to Amboyna before or as soon as the Hollanders. Have also appointed Rich. Welden to go in the Ruby, because his acquaintance with the King may much further the Company's affairs, to be next to Staverton at Macassar, and second to Courthopp at Banda ; and he may go into the Star on her arrival. Have laden in this ship (the Ruby) a cargo in money and commodities. He will receive further advice and directions by the Royal Exchange and Star, until the arrival of which he shall remain at Macassar. [Two pages. O.C., Vol. VII., No. 914.]
Dec. 20. Jacatra. 933. Henry Bate to the East India Company. At the departure of the Rose he was appointed by Brockedon and the rest to go for Acheen with Wm. Nicolls. Found on his arrival there Richard Fursland, President of India, and with him Daniel White, who succeeded him at Acheen, also Abraham Bond, who died three months since at Tecoe. Informed the King of the Hollanders' insolency in surprising your ships in his roads, to which he answered, Silence. Endeavours to purchase trade at Tecoe and Priaman ; 80l. bestowed in presents, but the more given the worse he is. "He is so tyrannical and proud, thinks himself the only monarch, and says he will grant no trade to any nation whatsoever, and that if the Hollanders and English take distaste thereat, and intend wars, he will be ready to meet them with his forces, and God to give the victory." No hopes of doing anything by fair means, but easy to be done by force ; to have a castle or fort. Cruelties practised by the king of Acheen on his subjects. His forces at sea might be surprised without shedding of blood. Arrival of four English ships at Acheen from Surat 21 April last, also one month after came the Bee from Bantam with news of the peace, the death of Capt. Jourdain, and relation of the Company's heavy losses at Patani, and to fetch Fursland to succeed as president. These five vessels arrived at Jacatra 25 Oct. Complains of the treatment he has received, and that he has not been allowed to come home to answer scandalous tongues. Has twice been taken prisoner by the Dutch. Arrival of a French ship, the Vice Admiral of St. Malo, poorly manned with 28 persons, and most of them sick ; the English and Dutch have agreed to spare them ten men each. It is reported that the Pengran of Bantam destroyeth some of his pepper trees in order to sow rice. Three ships appointed to settle factories to the eastward where the Dutch are. The Exchange for Amboyna, &c., Ruby for the Moluccas, and the Star for Banda. Ships in Jacatra road, the Charles, the unserviceable Gift, Peppercorn, and Bee. [Two pages. Endorsed, "by the Dutch." O.C., Vol. VII., No. 915.]
Dec. 21. Plymouth. 934. "A relation journalwise which the master and merchant of the White Bear, belonging to the Hollanders, brought home, and delivered for the English Company, 1620." From 13/23 March, the day the Bull arrived in the East Indies with news of the peace ; meeting of General Pring with General Coen, "and there they feasted each other that day ; then all the prisoners of each side were set at liberty, and taken again aboard their own ships." Peace proclaimed aboard every ship at the mainmast, with great joy and content to every man on both sides. Movements of the combined fleets. Agreements as to delivering up ships and prisoners. Box of letters brought over, directed to Sir Thos. Smythe and the English Company. [Two pages. O.C., Vol. VII., No. 916.]
Dec. 22. London. 935. Chamberlain to Carleton. A rich ship of the Low Countries coming from the East Indies arrested at Plymouth in the Lord Admiral's name ; our East India Company disclaim the matter, and it seems to be done by a warrant dormant, dated in September. [Extract from Domestic Corresp. Jac. I., Vol. CXVIII., No. 39, Cal., p. 201.]
1620. Dec. 22/1621. Jan. 1 936. Extracts from Consultations of the Council of Defence concerning the managing of trade in the Moluccas jointly by both Companies. [Three pages. O.C., Vol. VII., No. 917.]
1620. Dec. 22/1621. Jan. 1 937. Copy of the preceding, signed by Richard Fursland, Thos. Brockedon, and Aug. Spaldinge. [Endorsed, "Commission and Directions for the 'ucc' voyage given me by the Council of Defence at Jacatra." [Three pages. O.C., Vol. VII., No. 918.]
Dec. 24. 938. Sir Dudley Diggs and Morris Abbott to Carleton. While proceeding hopefully with their business, having despatched one half, concerning the future reglement of the trade of the two Companies, the unlucky news arrived of the arrest of one of the Dutch Company's ships at Plymouth. The strangeness of it is the more, as they have had no advertisement of it. Have laboured to justify their own integrity, and to give assurance that the English Company will give good testimony of being free from suspicion, by procuring the discharge of the ship. Are much ashamed that such an act should have been committed while they were in treaty ; it may make their new friends suspect their sincerity, and give the common enemy just occasion to laugh at their conjunction. Have sent an express to the Lord Admiral. The peace is published in the Indies, and it is said that the English and the Dutch have already lovingly given the Portugals a great blow. [Endorsed by Carleton, "Recd. the 26 ; answered the same day."] Inclose,
938. I. Sir D. Diggs and M. Abbott to the East India Company. Are much amazed that one of the Dutch East India Company's ships, the White Bear, has been arrested at Plymouth by an old warrant of 30th Sept. Have assured the Dutch Deputies and their own hearts that the English Company had certainly no hand in it, and cannot think the Company would resolve on so unworthy a proceeding to the disgrace of two men that have laboured to deserve well of them, and to the ruin of their own reputation of faith and sincerity. Can think of nothing else till they are relieved of this perplexity, for which cause they have sent an express. [Holland Corresp.]
Dec. 26. Jacatra Road. 939. Launcelot Fenwicke, purser's mate of the Exchange, to the East India Company. Movements of Capt. Shilling's fleet, the Hart, Roebuck, and Eagle, and Capt. Fitzherbert's, the Royal Exchange, Unity, and White Bear ; on the advice of the Flemings they sailed a more southerly course than any Englishman had gone before, which proved very healthful for the men. The King of Bantam at war with both English and Dutch. Understood from the latter that they had taken some half score of the Company's ships, "which was lamentable news for us to hear." The Dragon and Attendance then at anchor in Bantam Road. Anchored in Jacatra Road on 3rd Oct. Brockedon President there. Arrival of Capt. Bickell with the Charles, Ruby, and Diamond, 18 Oct., and Fursland, who is now President. Capt. Adames with five English ships gone for the Manillas, as also five Dutch ships. Capt. Pring gone for Japara with the James Royal and Unicorn, to be careened. News that the Unicorn has been cast away on the coast of China. Six English ships now in Jacatra Road ; three ready to sail for the Moluccas, the Exchange, Ruby, and Star. The Clove expected every day from Jambi with pepper. [Two pages. Endorsed, "Rec. 19 Sept. 1621 by the Royal James." O.C., Vol. VII., No. 919.]
Dec. 28 to 1621, June 17. 940. Minutes of Consultations by the Council of the Fleet of Defence at Firando and off the Manillas. Dec. 28.-At Firando. Edmond Lennis to have the chain of gold taken from him on 26th for 100 ryals of eight. January 2.-At Firando. Touching the course to be taken by the fleet, and the rendezvous in case of being separated by stormy weather. January 17.-In sight of the coast of Leconia [Luzo or Luzon]. Resolved to go in for the bay of Manilla with the whole fleet to ascertain the force of the enemy ; every ship to make ready to encounter the enemy ; directions to be observed. January 26.-Aboard the Moon. Information from a China junk taken prize, of the strength of the enemy's ships. Resolutions concerning the seizure of Chinese junks in future. January 30.-Aboard the Palsgrave. Election of two persons to make up the twelve members of the Council for the Fleet, according to instructions from the Council of Defence. Arnold Browne, master of the Palsgrave, chosen on behalf of the English Company. Goods taken by either the English or Dutch ships to be equally divided. The Swan to sail to the northwards by the Bull, and follow the instructions given her. February 9.-Aboard the Moon. Concerning the possibility of firing the enemy's ships without danger, whosoever would undertake the same to be royally rewarded, "but there was no man found would undertake it." Reasons for not putting their men in danger because it seems a thing impossible to be done. Resolved, having nothing to do here, to set sail for Marevelles. February 21.-Aboard the Moon, at anchor, under Marevelles. The fleet having been sufficiently wooded and watered, resolved, finding the enemy not to be of so great strength, and that the English are sufficient to keep them in, to guard the bay of Manilla until the last of March, in expectation of falling in with the Spanish ships from the Moluccas and Chinese junks. Half the Chinamen taken in the junk to be set ashore. March 16.-Aboard the Moon, at anchor, under Marevelles. Resolved to leave the bay, which they have kept seven weeks, and set sail on the 18th, and ply to the northward, to intercept the junks that are likely to go there, the Spaniards keeping a strong watch along the coast to give notice to the junks in that direction. March 24.-Aboard the Moon. Directions for the disposition of the fleet and the signals to be given in case of meeting with any of the enemy's ships, or with Chinese junks. Touching the firing of a Spanish ship, building in the bay of Pangasenan. April 3.-Aboard the Bantam, near the bay of Pangasinan. The whole fleet to water in Hartes Bay before leaving the coast of Leconia (Luzon). April 28.-Aboard the Moon. Resolutions concerning the disposition of the fleet ; to lie off and on off Hartes Island and Marevelles as long as wind and weather will permit. May 17.-A board the Moon. Resolution for the whole fleet to go in for the bay of Manilla, having been from thence already two months, and not knowing what forces may have left or arrived. May 21.-Aboard the Moon, riding at anchor, under Marevelles. The enemy found to be neither stronger nor weaker ; resolved that the whole fleet lie off at sea in sight of Marevelles. In regard it would be displeasing to the Emperor to take any Chinese into Japan, and that they are, or may be, the cause of loathsomeness and sickness in breeding diseases, resolved that they be set ashore on Marevelles, and also all others that shall be hereafter taken. June 17.-Aboard the Moon. Reasons for the resolution "by the plurality of voices" to return to Japan. [Twelve pages. O.C., Vol. VII., No. 913.]
Dec. 29. The Hague. 941. Carleton to Sec. Naunton. Intention of the States concerning the embassies to England and France ; to go with expedition, and labour to reconcile differences betwixt the two crowns and this state. Finds in the States and in the merchants themselves a good resolution to give all reasonable contentment in the point of restitution, and to govern themselves in the reglement of trade and mutual defence, according to the agreement between the two companies. [Extract from Holland Corresp.]
Dec. 29. 942. Brief contents of the President and Council's letter from Jacatra [to the East India Company]. The Dutch have set tolls upon all commodities in and out of Jacatra, and make the English pay their share, "whereunto our people would not yield." They deny us the benefit of the labour of the inhabitants of the Moluccas, and are perfidious in all their dealings. Seventeen factories to be settled in the Moluccas. Five ships of each side agreed to be employed there. Construction put by the Dutch on articles of the late treaty ; their refusal to let the English participate in trade to the Moluccas, &c., except on certain conditions which are particularized. "Our people hope you will not put up with such wrongs." They bring in account of their losses, and demand restitution ; the Dutch answer they will do the same, but have referred that business home, thinking there would be no agreement. They demand restitution of the Sampson, but the Dutch say they will keep her for their Black Lion. How and where all the English ships are employed. A principal man to be sent, and to have absolute authority, without which no good is to be done. Want of all kinds of victuals and furniture for factories and ships. Defects found. Both stocks mixed together. Our sea commanders wilful ; our common sort insolent-no punishment will reform them but confiscation of wages ; the pursers ignorant ; are without paper, pen, and ink. [One page and a half. O.C., Vol. VII, No. 901.]
Dec. 29. Aboard the. Royal James, Jacatra Road. 943. Capt. Humph. Fitzherbert to the East India Company. What has passed since his arrival belongeth more especially to the President and the rest to relate, having kept his quarter only as a water-bailiff at anchor, to do the Company servile service. The sending him to the Moluccas doth a little trouble him, but shall never discourage him, although others have the better employment. Would write something touching the state of their business in this place, but, alas, being kept in ignorance, he is not able. Concerning the relative positions of the English and Dutch, the advantages acquired here daily by the latter can have no remedy but by the Company's means at home. A Jesuit in matters of state and such importance will be always too hard for a mere merchant. The Claw left for Japara, Macassar, &c., 24 October ; the Diamond and White Bear for Jambi, 6 November ; and the Unity for Acheen on 15 November. News brought by the purser of the Unicorn of her loss on the coast of China. [Two pages. Endorsed, "Received in the Company's packet out of Holland, 23 July 1621." O.C., Vol. VII., No. 920.]
Dec. 30. Firando. 944. Receipt by Capt. Cocks, the English chief, and Capt. Lenardt Campes, the Dutch chief, for goods landed from the Portugal frigate captured by the Elizabeth, one of the Fleet of Defence. [One page. O.C., Vol. VII., No. 921.]
Dec. 30. The Hague. 945. Carleton to the Marquis of Buckingham. Is desired to write to his Majesty touching the release of a ship newly returned from the East Indies, arrested at Plymouth. Believes there is either some error in the information, or else that order for the arrest might have been given when the complaints of the English merchants were hot and their hopes cold for due restitution. Such an answer Carleton made to the Prince of Orange when he spake upon the first views of this accident. Can assure him there is a settled resolution both in the States, in his Excellency, and in the merchants themselves, punctually to observe the accord of the conjunction of the two companies. Sir Dudley Diggs and M. Abbott interrupted in their treaty until news of the release of the ship is heard. Requests to know the King's resolution therein. [One page and a half. Holland Corresp.]
Dec. 30. The Hague. 946. Carleton to Sec. Naunton. The delay in the final dispatch of the Dutch embassy hath not proceeded out of artifice or design, but of natural causes ; conceives it will be 10 or 12 days before they set forward. Concerning the complaint of the arrest of the Dutch East Indian ship at Plymouth ; the sincerity of his Majesty's intention suspected, and the accord interrupted, which is ascribed here to his Majesty with so much thankfulness as his own work. [Extract from Holland Corresp.]
Dec. 31. Jacatra. 947. Thos. Batten to Francis Sadler, at Sir Thos. Smythe'a house in Philpot Lane. Fletcher's account. Has importuned the President for a guard of 550 soldiers to defend the merchants and Company's goods here, but cannot prevail, so must be content with some 30. His wages. The Unicorn, which left the Royal James in a cruel storm, cast away upon the coast of China. Capt. Fitzherbert sailed in the Exchange this day for Amboyna and the Moluccas with the Star and Roebuck, the Ruby having sailed eight days before for Macassar, there to wait for the rest. The Dutch general bound forthwith for the Moluccas with some eight or nine ships and many soldiers. Our building here is pretty well finished. The Pengran of Bantam stands out, and scorns to be treated with. A Portugal frigate lately stolen in full of men, notwithstanding the Hollanders have lately taken a galleon wherein are 30 pieces of brass ordnance. Two French ships in Jacatra Road, and the third at Tecoe ; thinks they will make but a cold voyage of it. Wonders he has had no letters, especially from Mr. Bromley, Thos. Howe, of Sudbury, and Thos. Tottnam, of Halstead. Remembrances to Marshall, Atkinson, and Cappar. [One page and a half. Endorsed, "Received in the Company's packet out of Holland, 23 July 1621." O.C., Vol. VII., No. 922.]
1618 to 1620. 948. Narrative by Bartholomew Churchman of the injuries received by the English Company from the Dutch in Java and adjacent seas. Has been full sixteen years servant to the Company. In 1618 was surprised by the Hollanders, and by them kept prisoner two years and six days, till 1620, during which time he noticed divers of their proceedings, which on his life and oath he will always vouch to be true. First, Sir Thos. Dale's best ship was cast away on Engano, when he was not aboard, and most of his men perished. News received on Dale's arriving at Bantam with the residue of his fleet about the latter end of 1618, where he found Capt. Pring, of the taking of four English ships at the Moluccas by the Hollanders, with the battering of the English houses at Jacatra and other places. Arrival, soon afterwards, at Bantam, of the Dutch Black Lion from Patani ; resolved, for the redress of their wrongs, to surprise her upon any reasonable terms without fighting, which was done without abusing or taking a penny from any man. Dale sailed after this to Jacatra to meet the Dutch general and either compound their differences or fight ; "and fight they did ; the Dutch finding themselves too weak in fight, but stronger in legs, fled away to the Moluccas." Rendezvous of the Dutch fleet at Gressic on the coast of Java, where they stayed until 10 May, when they were 18 ships. Their arrival at Japara 13 May, where the Dutch general landed with all his forces, burnt the town and the English house, taking down the English colours, "which they abused in such base fashion, as is not fit here to be expressed." Went to Jacatra 18 May ; secretly landed his men in the night, getting them into the Dutch castle ; from whence, on the 20th, they sallied out, beat the Javas from their ordnance, fired the town, and became masters of it. They then sailed for Bantam with the full determination to fight with the English there and redeem their 70 men in the hands of the Pengran, but found the English ships gone and all the Englishmen, except four or five poor men, only left to keep the house there. The Pengran struck with such terror that had the Dutch landed they had clearly carried the town. The prisoners and goods sent aboard the Dutch fleet, which were then employed to cut wood, fetch stones, make lime kilns and lime for the strong building of their castle at Jacatra. Hearing that Capt. Jourdain had left with the Sampson and Hound, the Dutch general, with four well-appointed ships, went in search, and finding them at Patani, fought with them 17 July (1619), slew Capt. Jourdain and a great many men, turned the residue of the poor, sick, and wounded naked ashore, reserving the masters and their mates, the carpenters, and other chief men, some to employ in their works, others for their triumph and glory. About the latter end of July, hearing two English ships, the Bear and the Star, were at the Cape, bound for Bantam, with a strong force of seven ships, the Dutch general surprised the Star, and on 1st October following, with another fleet of six ships, fought with the Dragon and other ships at Tiku, took them, slew Oapt. Robert Bonner, and turned the men ashore naked and wounded among the infidels. The Dutch general's demands of the Pengran refused, who said it was not the English he feared, but those who came like thieves and pirates to rob him and take his country from him, and that he would keep his town seven years for the English, hoping in that time they would master the Dutch ; so about 4 January (1620) he departed, having once more disposed of his fleet. Thus they (the Dutch) continued without beleaguering Bantam until 14 March (1620), when Capt. Adams arrived in the Bull with the orders of peace. Would speak of the charges the Dutch were at after the peace for maintaining prows for beleaguering Bantam. Declares the English had never a penny profit of any Java prow. Encouragements held out by the Dutch to their men ; for every living Java twenty ryale of eight ; for the head of every one slain in fight ten ryals of eight. No reason why any satisfaction should be allowed the Dutch for their prows, they having much goods from the Javas by them, and the English none, "all which I speak upon woeful experience during my time of captivity with them." The Dutch seek the utter destruction of the English, their shipping, and whole trade in the Indies, intending wholly to engross it into their own hands. Has related briefly what to his certain knowledge he could speak of, being himself present from 1618 to the latter end of 1620, and is ready to confirm this writing by oath. [Three pages. Endorsed, "Churchman's relation." O.C., Vol. VI., No. 787.]
[1620.] [Jacatra.] 949. John Wilson to the East India Company. Came into these parts in the Ruby in place of Rich. Crewe, servant to Sylvanus Man, master of the Ruby. His wages. [One page. Endorsed, "From Jacatra, without date, 1620 ; more words than matter." O.C., Vol. VII., No. 944.]
1620 ? 950. "A note of letters and other writing in this packet ;" viz., several consultations ; a computation of the Honourable Company's stock in India ; abstracts of "dead men's accounts" and of goods and moneys taken in the Sampson and Hound ; Capt. Jourdain's inventory of goods and papers left in Patani and other places ; the balance of Sir Thos. Dale's estate ; Fursland's inventory of goods and chattels in Acheen ; accounts of men deceased in the Palsgrave, &c. [Half a page. Endorsed, "The particulars of all things found ; received by the Dutch White Bear, 1620." O.C., Vol. VII., No. 943.]
1620 ? 951. Dutch translation of the French informations touching the differences betwixt our men and the Hollanders in the East Indies. [Endorsed by Carleton. One page and a quarter. Holland Corresp.]
1620 ? 952. Particulars of what Thos. Vaughan learned from the examination of upwards of forty persons on hoard the ship which Sir Thos. Roe came home in, relating to the taking of a Portugal prize of 200 tons, laden at Mozambique with gold, ambergris, elephants' teeth, &c., valued at 30,000l. [Domestic Corresp., Jac. I., Vol. CXVIII.., No. 136, Cal., p. 210.]
1620 ? 953. Articles of agreement drawn up by the Council of Defence at Jacatra for trade in the Moluccas, Amboyna, and Banda. Signed by Rich. Fursland, Thos. Brockedon. Aug. Spaldinge, and George Muschamp for the English, and by J. P. Coen, Fred. Houtman, Carpentier, and Dedell for the Hollanders. [Four pages and a half. O.C., Vol. VII., No. 945.]


PETITIONS to the East India Company of Persons who solicit Employment, Increase of Wages, or Payment of Wages due to their Relatives in the Company's Service.
Date. Name of Petitioner. Subject of Petition. Reference.
1620. Court Min. Bk.
Jan. 5 Henry Bates, master of Adam Case. Part of his servant's wages - IV. 490
" " Judith, wife of John Beadle - Part of her husband's wages - "
" " Robert Duppa - - - Employment - - " "
" 10 Henry Sill - - - Employment - - - " 492
" " John Colfer - - - Employment - - " 493
" 12 Edmund Baineham - - - Employment - - - " "
" " Henry Clarke - - - Employment - - " 494
" 17 John Dent - - Advance of wages - - " 496
" " John Cartwright - - Advance of wages - - " "
" " Joan, widow of Henry Allyn - Relief - - - - " 497
" 21 Thos. Johnson - - Employment - - " 498
" " The wife of Jas. Rynde, minister Relief - - - - " "
" 24 [Matthew] Moreton - - Advance of wages - - " 499
" " John Guning - - Wages - - " 500
" " Thos. Wolley - - - Employment - - " "
" 28 Wm. Chapman, master of Thos. Webster, deceased. His servant's wages - - " 506
" 3l Matthew Moorton - - Advance of wages - - " 508
" " Robert Duppa - - Employment - - " "
Feb. 9 Alice Franklyn, betrothed to John Adams, deceased. Adams' wages - - " 517
" " [Thos. ?] Johnson - - Employment - - - " "
" " Wm. Nelson - - - Employment - - " "
" 11 Arthur Febkin. - - - Employment - - " 518
" 14 Robt. Sherborne - - Employment - - " 519
" " Justinian Offley - - Wages - - - " 521
" " Henry Darell - - - Wages - - - " "
" 16 Judith, wife of John Bedlo - Part of her husband's wages " 522
Feb. 16 AdamBowen - - - Employment - - IV. 523
" 25 Robert Offley - - - Employment - - - " 527
" " John Defleagar - - Wages - - - " "
" " Judith Bedlowe - - Part of her husband's wages - " "
" " John Ellis - - - Wages - - - " "
" " Christopher Parker - - Employment - - " "
" " Edward Plumer - - Employment - - - " "
" " Bartholomew Waytes - - Employment - - " "
" 28 Thos. Edwards - - Employment - - - " 528
March 3 George Wittye - - Increase of wages - - " 529
" 6 Annys Fishenden - - Part of her son's wages - " 531
" 8 Daniel Rogers - - Employment - - - " 533
" " Margaret, wife of John Varde - Her husband's wages - " "
" 15 Thomas Day, master of John Hasell. His servant's wages - - " 540
" " Edward Mead - - - Part of his wages - - " "
" 17 Robert Offley - - Employment - - - " 541
" " John Johnson - - - Employment - - " "
" 29 Bridget, wife of Henry Stone - Part of her husband's wages - " 551
" " Anne, wife of Austyn Bernard - Part of her husband's wages - " "
" " Mary, wife of [Joseph ?] Prat - Part of her husband's wages - " "
Date. Free Brethren. To whom bound. By Fine or otherwise. Reference.
1620. Court Min. Book IV.
Jan. 17 Thos. Edny - - - - - - - Fine, 5l. to poor box 496
" " John Crompton - - - - - - Fine, 5l. to poor box "
" 31 Peter Hoost - - - - - - - Fine 200 marks - 507
Feb. 4 John Mannyng - - - - - - Fine 50l. - - 510
March 3 Jas. Young - - - Richard Ball - - Fine, 10s. to poor box 530
" " Edward James - - Edward James - Fine, 10s. to poor box "
" 18 Fras. Perrot - - - Oliver Styles - - Fine, 5l. to poor box 538
Date. From. To. Amount. Name of Stock. Reference.
1620. Court Min. Book IV.
Feb. 4 Robert Delean - - Edward Allen - - 1,000 Old joint stock - 509
" " Same - George Bennet - - 1,000 Same - - "
" 7 Same - - Levinus Muncke 1,000 Second joint stock 518
" " Same - - Same - - 400 First joint stock "
" 25 Philip Jacob - - James Monger - 1,000 Second joint stock 527
" " Same - Alderman Adam Cotten - 2,000 Second joint stock "
March 3 John Moseley - - John Woodall - - 1,000 Second joint stock 529
" 15 Earl of Lincoln - Sir Harry Yelverton - - - - All his adventures 540