East Indies: February 1629

Calendar of State Papers Colonial, East Indies, China and Persia, Volume 6, 1625-1629. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1884.

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'East Indies: February 1629', in Calendar of State Papers Colonial, East Indies, China and Persia, Volume 6, 1625-1629, ed. W Noel Sainsbury( London, 1884), British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-state-papers/colonial/east-indies-china-japan/vol6/pp618-635 [accessed 23 July 2024].

'East Indies: February 1629', in Calendar of State Papers Colonial, East Indies, China and Persia, Volume 6, 1625-1629. Edited by W Noel Sainsbury( London, 1884), British History Online, accessed July 23, 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-state-papers/colonial/east-indies-china-japan/vol6/pp618-635.

"East Indies: February 1629". Calendar of State Papers Colonial, East Indies, China and Persia, Volume 6, 1625-1629. Ed. W Noel Sainsbury(London, 1884), , British History Online. Web. 23 July 2024. https://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-state-papers/colonial/east-indies-china-japan/vol6/pp618-635.

February 1629

Feb. 4. 790. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Ordered that the London fall down to Gravesend, and thence as speedily as may be go to the Downs, to be ready with the first fair wind for her voyage. Request of Sir Thos. Roe to receive the part due to him upon sale of the jewel sent to the Indies by Mr. Leatt and himself. Mr. Ellam ordered to lend Sir Thos. Roe for a short time certain journals of his own and books of the copies of letters because he hath at present special occasion to use them; he also recommended Cecil Cave for employment, and tendered security for his faithful service, but the young man being absent this motion was left till another time. Request of Mr. Leatt for allowance for benjamin [pepper], bought of the Company, deferred. Motions on behalf of Sir William Becher and Sir Henry Holcroft, who had underwritten 500l. each for this voyage, to be made free gratis, also a similar motion for Messrs. R. White, Durham, and G. Havers, deferred, as also a motion by Capt. Pynn for some gratification towards his setting to sea. Chamberlayn's son's security accepted for 1,700l. due for cloves. Ordered that Burt, the hoy man of Rochester, receive the remainder of the freight due to him for carrying the cables and anchors to the William in the Downs, defalking 12l. odd expended by the Company through his neglect in fetching supply of those things from Sandwich. Leave given to Capt. Weddell to carry into the Indies two tons of strong beer, and four butts of iron bound cask, he paying for them what they stand the Company. 3 pp. [Ct. Min. Bk. Xi. 284–286.]
Feb. 4.
791. Consultation held by Wm. Burt, agent, and Robert Woder, Wm. Gibson, Robt. Loftus, and Jno. Beryman, factors in Persia. Whereas they have received letters by the Jonas fleet from the Company dated 30th November 1627 and 12th March 1628, and have to consider both for preserving their reputes and benefits in these parts how best to accomplish their commands. Considering the uncertainty of the Company's resolutions for persisting in this commerce, the remoteness and broils of Christendom, the dangerous events and alterations likely to be in these parts by reason of the death of this King, with the loss of many friends in Court, so that they must of necessity, seeing they are clean frustrate of their ancient friends, endeavour to obtain new, which is not to be done without great presents, both to this new King and his officers, and to the Khan and his, for the re-establishing of their immunities and customs which is most doubtful; that they cannot depart the country without the King's especial license in less than two years, except they receive letters from the Company in time enough overland for obtaining leave of his Majesty before their next departure to Ispahan, which is very uncertain; the disposure of this fleet, viz., the Hart and Expedition for England on return to Surat, and the Jonas and Hopewell the end of this year or beginning of next, and the Christopher and Eagle for the southwards; and the uncertainty of their untrusty friends the Dutch, who are much discontented at the stoppage of their ships in England. All which has induced them to propound the giving by each man in Council his particular opinion in writing, viz., firstly, what sum should be reserved for their maintenance in the country and their extraordinary charge of travail and servants' wages; secondly, every penny of their estate has been invested in silk, which was intended to be sent in this fleet, but the Surat factory unworthily, notwithstanding their express advices that they had fully invested their means in silk to be laden upon this fleet, and to their great discredit returned a bill of exchange, and utterly prohibited their supplying themselves in that nature, and maliciously on the new President's instigation sent a small quantity of prize goods consigned to Richard Preddys to make sale of and return to them; which with other boundless digressions they question not their masters will consider: thirdly, silk being only brought here by themselves and the Dutch they were forced to move them to take a competency off their hands to supply them with means competent for their urgent requirements, but knowing there was no other silk but theirs the Dutch absolutely denied to take a bale; fourthly, how this silk may best be converted into specie, and the rather from the doubtfulness of receiving their customs and the present combustion in India giving small hopes of obtaining anything of consequence. Opinion of Robert Woder and Wm. Gibson that 1,000 tomauns are as little as can be reserved for two years' expenses and that their utmost endeavours be used to make sale or truck of the Indian commodites arrived upon this fleet, and that the small parcel of goods consigned for sale to Richard Preddys be detained here to save the bartering away of so much silk at apparent loss. Robert Loftus and Jno. Beryman condescend to the opinions of the above-mentioned, the reasons given appearing to them effectual. Reasons of Wm. Burt for confirming the same. Endorsed, "A consultation held in Gombroon 4th February 1628–9." 3½pp. [O.C., Vol. XII., No. 1287.]
Feb. 6.
792. Extracts of a letter from Bantam. When the Blessing came from Batavia in June last three men belonging to the Dutch got aboard without Capt. Slade's knowledge, but they were discovered and sent to the Dutch General. One was English, one Dutch, and one Irish; they had to draw lots for their lives, and death fell to the Irish, who was forthwith hanged. Notwithstanding this severity their people will run away, and chiefly in their own ships. About two years since many sought to escape, and being discovered upwards of 20 leaped hand in hand overboard and drowned themselves rather than be carried back. None had it more in charge than Randall Jesson that no one should escape in his ship. Eight days since the Dutch General [in margin "here Alnutt to be inserted"] sent from Jacatra certain old swords and muskets taken out of our houses before the burning, but Capt. Hall would not receive them. The Dutch took store of witnesses and returned with the rusty munition, telling Capt. Hall he should shortly hear from them again; since which they have made divers bravings towards the English ships, and on a sudden are departed to Batavia save one old ship. Capt. Hall perceiving by these gestures some intent suddenly to return with great force, and may be offer such an affront as they are not able to resist, agreed to dispeed the ships sooner by five days than was intended, if therefore there be any omission in their letters the Company will please be satisfied by the report of the bearer. 1 p. [East Indies, Vol. IV., No. 66.]
Feb. 6–11. 793. Court Minutes of the East India Company. On the motion of Thos. Keridge, ordered that 200l. be paid to Sir Thos. Roe upon account of his jewel. Answer of Morgan to a complaint of his defective and unserviceable beer sent into the Indies, deferred till the ships are dispatched. Request of Capt. Pynn for a gratuity for his setting forth to sea utterly rejected for precedent's sake; yet remembering he rode post to Yarmouth on the arrival of the Palsgrave, Dolphin, Discovery, and Morris, and did good service by furnishing them with cables, &c., and by pressing men for the London, wherein he pretended to have spent 8l., the Court bestowed upon him 20 marks, which he thankfully accepted. The canvas account to be charged to the old stock. On the motion of Mr. Governor the act of the last General Court for taking out two half capitals in money was taken into consideration, and after discussion was confirmed, yet seeing many men are desirous of goods a proposition was made that at the next General Court it be propounded that free liberty be given to such as will to take out the two half capitals in goods with these restrictions, that for the 13th capital they shall give their particular bills to pay ready money at Lady Day come two years, and that the goods to be taken out both for the 12th and 13th divisions, whether calicoes or indigo, shall not be sold in town but transported according to custom, which proposition being so well approved it was put to the question and ordered by erection of hands. Ordered, at the request of Edward Heynes, that 30l. per annum be paid for maintenance of his sisters out of his allowance of 200l. per annum. Cocks' account referred to Committees. Petition of Edmond Wolverston and his three daughters for 122 ryals returned from Jacatra, as appeared under the hand of Gabriel Hawley, purser, being the proceeds of certain goods sent from them by Capt. Moreton to their kinsman Robert Hayes, late factor, and Robert Platt, lieutenant, deceased, answered the Court could not allow this manner of trading, or give way to his request; yet for reasons stated ordered payment. At his humble request, Capt. Weddell allowed "to carry along with him to sea 'a noyse of cornetts,' so as they do likewise their labours in the ship as hath been usual." Edmond Chambers' bill for carrying down divers of the Committees several times to Erith and back in the Company's barge for discharging the William, to be paid.
Feb. 9.—To give order for provision of timber wanting in Blackwall yard, necessary for setting forth these ships. Upon the representation of Mr. Governor, to take into consideration an alteration in the design of this year's voyage to Persia; Sir Wm. Russell, before it came into deliberation, moved for a letter to be procured from his Majesty and sent by a messenger express through Muscovia to the Persian, that he would cause his silk to be carried down to the water side to meet the ships, that so the ships may make more speedy return. This proposition was approved as good in itself, but at present not feasible, because it hath often been attempted by the English and could never be obtained of the Persian, for he will never trust any quantity of goods out of his possession before there be sufficient value imported by the English, and now especially because since the making of the contract with the Persian the English have not really performed the yearly importations as promised, and although it was alleged that the charge of a messenger would be very small, and that he might treat with the Persian and Russe about diverting the trade and bringing it by way of Muscovia, yet it was thought that this diversion of the trade would destroy the navigation to Surat and other parts of the Indies, because there would want strength to oppose the Portugals, and it was likewise conceived that the Russe will not permit it, but finding the sweetness thereof will reserve that trade wholly to himself, and therefore the proposition for bringing the silk to the water side was left to further consideration as being a work of time. Proposition of Mr. Governor to settle the design of the voyage; divers overtures made and fully argued, but on consideration that the ships are victualled but for 15 months, and that if after they have been to Surat and Persia they shall proceed to the southwards they will want time to return seasonably to take in their lading at Persia for England, the Court inclined rather that the ships shall spend six months in the Red Sea, where surat goods will vend in good quantities for ready money at 80 or 100 per cent. profit, and this project will be less subject to be questioned by the old stock because it trenches less upon their privileges. Report of Mr. Treasurer upon the state of the cash account for this voyage, and his advice how to bring in moneys for setting forth the ships; it was moved and agreed that any Adventurer in this voyage may have liberty to bring in his payments upon discount; this objection being cleared, after further debate it was absolutely resolved not to send the ships of the new adventure to the southwards at all, but that upon arrival at Surat 12,000l.or 15,000l. shall be landed, to be invested in commodities for the Red, Sea, and 10,000l. in commodities for England, and then the ships to proceed in company with the English or Dutch for Persia there to land their cloth and money, then return to Surat and lade the goods provided for England, and then go for Persia to accomplish the lading of the two ships and so set sail for England. Consideration of the settlement of the stock, it was found that 90,000l. in money and goods, and 10,000l. in shipping must of necessity go for Persia, and 20,000l. or 25,000l. for Surat to be invested as abovesaid, partly in commodities for the Red Sea and partly for England, and if the 10,000l. intended should not be sufficient to provide goods for England, the agents might take up money upon credit or by commodities upon contract to be delivered and paid for when the ships shall arrive from the Red Sea; and it was the opinion of this Court to send as much foreign gold and silver as can be procured, and to supply the remainder with English gold upon licence from the State, gold being held more profitable in Persia than silver. Consideration of the charge of the factors now in Persia reported to be about 1,000l. per annum, which must be taken off the old stock by the new upon the arrival of their ships and goods there and at Surat; some of opinion to divide the charge of the factories indifferently between the old and new account, but others rather inclined that the new Company should allow factorage to the old for such sales or investments as shall be made by the servants of the old for the account of this voyage, but this was referred to be settled to a Committee to be chosen out of the old and new Adventurers.
Feb, 11.—Ordered to pay to the Countess of Leicester and Sir John Smith, knt., 275l. in full of all demands concerning the estate of Richard Westby, deceased. 20,000 ryals of 8 procured for the Company to be put to the account of the new stock; it was resolved to send 80,000 ryals of 8 in the London for Bantam, to be carefully packed in chests and sent aboard with as much expedition as may be. Consideration how to dispose of the principal factors : Heynes designed for Persia, but whether Methwold or Willoughby should be appointed for Mocha deferred. Robert Tottell, Hugh Hammersley, Cecil Cave, Richard Cooper, Albon Juxon, and Wm. Clarke chosen under factors out of 14 suitors, but their wages referred to next Court. Five pounds conferred in further thankfulness on Mr. Fuller, who is to go Preacher with Capt. Weddell, over and above the 10l. lately given for his setting to sea, but concerning his request to remain in the country it was conceived there will be no cause for his stay, but that he should return with Capt. Weddell. Gratuity of 5l. to William Bradbant, who broke his leg by a fall into the hold of the William. Ordered that John Barnes receive 5l. per month wages for the three years he served as master of the Abigail. 10 pp. [Ct. Min. Bk. XI. 287–296.]
Feb. 11. 794. Minutes of a General Court. Declaration of Mr. Governor that some of the generality have showed themselves discontented because the two divisions were ordered to be in money and not in goods, and thereupon had exhibited a request to the Court of Committees that another General Court might be called, but the Court had already appointed Wednesday last for that purpose, but Mr. Governor and Committees being commanded to attend the Council Board to answer Mr. Smethwike's complaint against them was the occasion why said Court had been deferred; which complaint and the Company's answer having been read and debated in the presence of counsel learned on both sides, and the business fully heard their Lordships had cleared them of those false and scandalous accusations, as shall appear by their order, which Mr. Governor offered to be read. On the motion of one of the generality the complaints and the Company's answer were first read, and then the order, whereupon Mr. Governor represented that in June last there was a desire to have continued the trade upon the old stock by way of supply of half a capital, which failing, the Court ordered a book of subscription to go out for a third joint stock for four years, which likewise taking no effect, a third proposition for a voyage was resolved on. But all these ways failing, and the prosecution of the trade upon the old stock, with sending the Charles and London, thus deserted, some out of very zeal, especially to support the trade of Persia, have raised a stock of above 125,000l., before the return of the William. Notwithstanding, if means can be found to follow the trade upon the old stock and new men found to govern the business, the present Governor, Deputy, and Committees, together with all the new Adventurers, so they have their moneys repaid, will be content to leave the trade to the old stock again. But Mr. Governor observed he was not a little amazed to see that the same men who in Court cry out for two divisions [cry out] before the Lords because the trade is not followed upon the old stock, when, if these divisions shall be taken out they will divide more by 20,000l. or 30,000l. than is in the kingdom. In the next place the Lords order being read, Mr. Smethwike excused himself that he had never moved for any division at all, yet with a nemo sine crimine vivit confessed his fault in proceeding as he had done against the Governor and Committees, protesting that the most part of what was spoken by his counsel was without his knowledge or consent, acknowledging his offence to the Lords that he had not come to the point, but withal declared his submission and conformity to the Lords' order, protesting that what he hath done was as he conceived to be for the good and not for the hurt of the Company, howsoever it hath not been so interpreted, and therefore, as he now saw his error so he desired a favourable construction of him, concluding with that saying out of the Psalms, "O Lord if Thou shalt mark what is done amiss who can abide it." Upon "this ingenious confession" Mr. Mynne declared that for his own part he meant not to make any such free confession to excuse anything he had done, but as formerly, so he now intended to pursue the course he had begun in Chancery for recovery of the loss he had sustained in his own particular, denying that he appeared at the Council Board as a partner with Mr. Smethwike, but only as a witness, that what he had said he would maintain, and therefore he feared not what the Company should do to him. Exception was then taken by Mr. Gibbs at something spoken of him to the Lords as denying his hand to the petition, but Mr. Governor gave him satisfaction herein that nothing had been spoken to the Lords to his prejudice. And, in the last place, the Governor having a particular of the principal heads objected by Mr. Smethwike's counsel, it was required to be read, after which Mr. Governor appealed to the Court touching the truth of these aspersions, and particularly whether he had packed Courts or dissolved them, as was unjustly suggested. This business ended, before entering into the business of the day Mr. Deputy moved, and Alderman Garway seconded, that as Mr. Governor, Deputy, and Committees had been cleared before the Lords, so they might also in the opinion of this Court be acquitted or accused, challenging any man that had ought to say of them in this particular. Opinion of Mr. Mynne that it would be more for their reputations to be cleared upon their oaths in Chancery before the Lord Keeper, where the suit is intended, than at this assembly, yet notwithstanding it was thought fit to put it to the question, and Sir Edwin Sandys was desired to do so, who, after a short declaration of what he had heard that morning, that strange abuses were discovered against the directors of the trade, framed and proposed the question to the Court to this effect, viz., as many of you as are of opinion that Mr. Governor, Deputy, and Committees have proceeded fairly and equally in the government of this Company and have not miscarried themselves in such sort as is suggested against them in the accusations which have been now read hold up your hands, and by general erection of hands the Court absolutely cleared them from the imputations of misgovernment and other unjust aspersions laid upon them. These debates thus settled Mr. Governor proposed whether they would confirm or alter the order of the last General Court for two divisions in money. After arguments pro and contra said order was confirmed; on the proposition of Mr. Governor it was ordered, notwithstanding the order of the last General Court, that it shall be lawful for any brother of the Company that shall desire to have his two divisions in goods to transport, to underwrite for the same in a book to lie open till this day sennight, and that another General Court be called when the sale of their silk is to be taken into consideration. On the motion of one of the generality the Court desired Mr. Governor at the next meeting of the new Adventurers to propound to them an enlargement of the time for underwriting for the Persian voyage. Nomination of "praisers" for the valuation of the Discovery and Reformation deferred. 6 pp. [Ct. Min. Bk. XI. 297–302.]
Feb, 13. 795. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Leave, on the recommendation of Sir Thos. Roe, to Shepheard, porter at Blackwall, to visit a sister from whom he expects some means of livelihood, she being very sick in the country, so as he put some one in his place to be approved by Mr. Fotherby. Ordered to admit Sir Wm. Becher, Clerk of the Council, Sir Henry Holeroft, Secretary to his Majesty for Ireland, Mr. White, son-in-law to the Lord Treasurer, and Mr. Derham, son-in-law to Mr. Kirby, one of the Committees, to the freedom of the Company gratis, but this favour not to extend to their children or servants. Suit of Mr. Benthall for 250l. on account of his wages to pay custom of his silk. The Court desirous to know what factors they have abroad in their several factories, a list was presented by Mr. Ellam [see next abstract], wherein appeared a greater number, both in Persia, Surat, and other places, than was conceived were living, therefore it was resolved not to send either Willoughby or Methwold, and of the six under factors chosen, Robert Tottell and Richard Cooper were only entertained, and the rest discharged. Tottell to have 30l. and Cooper 20l. per annum. Request of John Cartwright that having served as factor two years above his contract for seven years at 30l., rising 10l. per annum, his salary might be enlarged for said two years, but the Court, though they approved of his service. thought the consequence might be dangerous to gratify him in that kind, so gave him 20l., and ordered payment of 200l. on account of his wages. Letter read from Lords Conway, Dorset, and Dorchester on behalf of Mr. Cocks' concerning their demand of 200l. per annum to Giles Hobbes, who was sent overland to Persia and there died; the Court, persuaded that the letter was procured upon untrue information, and that Hobbes was a man of that mean condition and could never deserve one quarter the sum demanded, ordered their Secretary to acquaint their Lordships with the truth of the business. Complaint of Walter Ambler against Chas. Hillary for embezzling powder and other stores out of the French prize. 3 pp. [Ct. Min. Bk. XI., 303–306]
[1629. Feb. ?] 796. "the names and salaries of all the factors in the Indies, 1628" [spelt as in the original.]
Surat— £
Ric. Wilde, President 100
Jno. Skibbowe 200
Ric. Boothbye 100
Geo. Page 100
Arth. Suffield, purser 50
Jno Willoughbie 50
Nic. Woolley, purser's mate. 30
Henrie Glascocke 50
Ralph Rand, writer 35
John Webb, writer 20
Cutbert Charles, writer
Crispen Blagden, writer 40
Tho. Smith, writer 25
Clement Dunscombe, writer. 20
Tho. Joice 33⅓
Robert Davison, steward 520
John Calfe, writer 20
Tho. Wilborne, Mr. Wilde's man. 20
Geo. Turner, an unprofitable surgeon. 40
Jno. Blewe, cook 18
Willm. Wade, a boy
Two bakers 36
Greg. Clement 100
Raph. Cartwrite 40
Willim. Fremling 30
Tho. Aldworth 30
Amadavas (Ahmedabad)
Nath. Mounteny 40
Nath. Weych 662/3
Henrie Graves 15
Henrie Barbor 100
Jno. Norris 80
Natha. West 80
Willm. Price 30
Willm. Burt, agent 200
Robt. Loftus 50
Ric. Prediaux 662/3
Robt. Woder 50
Jno. Strethay 40
Jno. Anthill 20
Jno. Berriman 20
Geo. williamson 30
Tho. Barker, a youth 20
Will. Gibson, writer 60
Jno. Hewes 20
Edward Havens 200
Ric. cooper, caravan 20
Robt. Tottle 30
Geo. Muschamp 150
Willm. Hore 150
Jno. Russell 20
Arthur Verneworthy 80
Tho. Friday, preacher 662/3
Tho. Tailor 20
Steven Porter, writer 15
Jeremy Sugar 30
Tho. Temple
Malachy Martin 40
Andrew Coggin 60
Thomas Wheatly 40
Wm. Reade, coachman.
Lar. Boyde, a landman.
Henry Sill 80
Wm. Pearce, surgeon
Wm. Flint
Goe. Brewin 150
Tho. Johnson 100
Larance Henly 40
Nic. Bixe 80
Edward Chapman 60
Arthur Fowkes 40
Leonard Couch 12
1 p. [East Indies, Vol. IV., No. 67.]
Feb. 13. 797. Minutes of a Court of all the new Adventures for Persia Consideration of three propositions of Mr. Governor. Upon the first it was ordered that such gentlemen as shall make it appear that they were out of town and had no knowledge of the former time prescibed, be admitted to undewrite for the Persian voyage until the last day of this present February, pay in their two first payments, and underwrite 200l. per man. In the second place the state of the Company's affairs was laid open by Mr. Treasurer, viz., that he had received 30,815l. 6s. 8d., and disbursed for cloth, kersies, &c. 7,488l. 16s. 2d., had made over 10,000l. by exchange 2,000l. to Mr. Mountney for charges, and 1,000l. for ingots in gold, so as the remainder in cash is but 8,000l., and neither ships nor provisions paid for; that besides there is to be sent in money to Surat and Persia 70,000l. or 80,000,l.; he therefore desired them to resolve either to send good stock for making good the contract with the King of Persia, or keep their ships at home. After debate how to accommodate this business it was ordered, as an encouragement to men to bring in their moneys presently, that interest after 8l. per cent. be given to all that bring in their moneys before the days of payment formerly prescribed, and 10 days after. Sir William Russell, Alderman Freeman, Wm. Cockayne, and Abraham Chamberlain, four of the new Adventurers appointed to join with four of the old Adventurers, four of the Trinity House, and four Master Carpenters to value the Discovery and Reformation now designed for Persia. 2½ pp. [Ct. Min. Bk. XI. 306–308.]
Feb. 16. 798. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Ordered that Capt. Pynn of the London be paid three months' imprest on account of wages, with charge to keep aboard his ship and use all possible diligence for speedy dispatch into the Downs. Suit of Mr. Dyke and partners for an abatement in the price of their late bargain of calicoes to be taken out upon divisions. Thirty thousand pieces of blue calicoes and brown duties, as not being Vendible beyond sea, to be reserved for town and sold by the candle at the Court of Sales. Letter read from the Lords of the Council desiring the use of one of the Company's warehouses at the Custom House quay for stowing merchants' goods seized for refusing to pay custom; but the Court desired to be excused, having continual use of those warehouses. Ordered that notice be taken in the letters for Bantam by the London of their King's present to his Majesty, and of his 500 pecul of pepper cast away in the Morris, and that his Majesty be supplicated to write a letter to satisfy that King of the truth thereof; but the present to be returned to that King, as he cannot have the powder and shot he desired, left to further consideration. Report that quantities of quicksilver are believed to be put aboard the Company's ships for private trade in the Indies; the pursers to be required, on forfeiture of wages and place, to seize all goods not entered in their books for the Company's account. Gratuity of 20s. to Thomas Chamberleyne, a poor man, who when attending on the William had his wherry split in many places by a violent storm. Petition of Clement Dunscombe, lately entertained writer at Surat at 20l. per annum, setting forth his many extraordinary services in writing and engrossing petitions concerning the business of Amboyna; 20l. conferred on him to set him to sea. Request of Thornehill for liberty to take out his two half capitals in saltpetre at 4l. per cwt. instead of calicoes; answered what the General Court had ordered could not be altered. Five pounds paid by Daniel Dobins for his freedom put into the poor box. Committees to go to Gravesend for the clearing of the London, and the chests of money for her to be made ready to go with them. 4 pp. [Ct. Min. Bk. XI. 309–312.]
Feb. 20.
799. Wm. Burt, Agent, and Robert Woder, Wm. Gibson, Robt. Loftus, and Jno Beriman, Factors in Persia to the President and Council in Surat. Received theirs of the 26th December by the Jonas' fleet 27th February. Mr. Woder has deserved the place they have given him, his sufficiency far exceeding that of his predecessor. This year's accounts sent herewith with the in(ventory) of the deceased. Conceive Mr. Martin's inability of body was not the occasion they sent him to Bantam, but that he was of too prying a nature for their proceedings. Again recommend Mr. Williamson's deserts as they have done to their masters who have licensed his repair home. Mr. Wylde's proceedings since chosen President have much increased their marvel, by the little care taken of their masters honour, for which they sent Mr. Williamson to them. The bill of exchange justly charged for value received. Concerning private ends what factor in India is so simple that from Mr. Wylde's practices he might not have learned and been emboldened in such affairs, seeing that both mariners and pursers are by his employment daily encouraged therein to their masters extreme damage, whether the proceeds of the bill be sent in their names. Have advanced the customs, and Mr. Wylde's further tax therein, they return to the womb that produces such abortive births. Concerning the Surat account, appeal to their masters for future order concerning the supplying their necessities by exchange; their masters orders concerning Ormuz shall be observed. The re-embaling of the silk at Surat is not amiss, but would do better in Persia. Will content themselves with their masters reasons for desisting from trade. Preddis will no doubt supply them with rosewater and pistachios. Sent but one horse for their masters last year because most of the license was employed for Mr. Wylde and his friends and the horses the pursers shipped were by leave of the Commanders and bribes to the Sultan. Send this year three with four dogs according to entreaty. Had before the ships arrival provided a quantity of the best red earth which the Expedition has taken in. Their commission seems very anxious to the Commanders, not to linger above 10 or 15 days, for many times for five or six days together they cannot get a boat to go aboard, and the speediest discharge would take at least 15 days; reasons why the postcript is worse which requires them on no occasion to part company with the Dutch. Like complaint made by the Dutch and the Nakoda of the junk for not keeping their promise to the Governor that our ships should keep her company. The Dutch deny any such promise. The Nakoda much offended that they cannot procure him freight. "The author of your Portugal, Lewes de Costo" is here, and has brought his eight galleons and caracs to three ships expected with the vice King; that they have ships in Goa and want men is questionless. God send the William with that most worthy gentlemen Thos. Kerridge a prosperous voyage. Capt. Browne and his abettor will in time be called to account for their base proceedings, for it is a principle he that knows not how to obey can worse govern. President Kerridge advised of his dispatch of the Palsgrave, Dolphin and Discovery. Hope the Blessing, &c., had their lading more properly provided than the Exchange had for Mocha according to Hopkinson's advice, God send them better sales at Bantam and add to the prizes taken till the accounts of those insolent debtors be balanced. Resolved by consultation to sell the nuts, rice, and tobacco sent by Preddis towards the charges of shipping and providing the fleet. Know not how far Mr. Kerridge left this factory indebted, but are advised of the large cavidal lately received at Surat, and as they request will advise the Company that it has provided lading for the Exchange and Blessing, the Star being laden with the Eagle's goods for Bantam; such large sums cannot but effect greater matters than either last or this year's cargazoon to Persia. Perceive the Treasure's complaints and that their discontents find small relief; wish the President and Council had better premeditated their engagements, for when annual supply of shipping shall not repair to Gombroon, they will be totally defeated of their customs and restrained from other immunities. With relation of the favours of Prince Kharome, would gladly have heard of same effectual immunity obtained; if they assist against the Portugal it must be done with great circumspection, though hope by the particular favour Mr. Wylde has in this Menarch he will achieve some great matter before his departure. The articles Martin exhibited against Wm. Burt found to be fruits of every, doubt not to give the Company satisfaction therein. The Company's order and proclamation against private trade has diverted many that dealt in tobacco, which must be looked into at Surat; effectual propositions have been made to the Khan, Sultan and Shabandar for its prevention. The Dutch have often been required at their peril to forbear the unlawful courses of colouring of Moors and Armenian goods, but small effects issue, for this year they were taken in the fact of colouring Frenchmen's goods. As to friendship with the Armenians their base proceedings are well known. Khirant Khan and the rest of the ambassadors and King's merchants that came upon their ships and the Dutch have by virtue of the King's firmans carried away upwards of two-thirds of the goods upon both fleets, whereby the Khan and the Company are frustrate of their rights; God grant them success with this new King where they will solicit redress for the present and prohibition of like future pretences. Khirant Khan has not wanted the fairest treatment from them, which he has repaid. Their utmost diligence has not been wanting in hastening Capt.Swanley's departure. Mr. Woder has rectified the abstract sent of last year's accounts. Have already ended all business concerning the Nagdebeage [? Nukud Aly Bey]. Conceive the reports of the Moors as to their proceeding in the Custom House to be frivolous, as they do the reports that the factors at Surat might buy their goods near 30 per cent. better cheap. Their masters' information concerning galls. not amiss, for they are brought from a place beyond Bagdad and may be provided in Aleppo cent. per cent. cheaper than in this port; their price at Ispahan; doubts they will turn to small account from this port. As to dispeeding the Hart with the other ships for Europe, firmans should be obtained from the King for immunities and prohibitions against such compulsive courses. Will endeavour to send the four horses for the Indian Emperor next year, there are none to his liking to be procured in Gombroon. Have given strict command that no goods be landed by night and that all boats repair immediately to the Custom House, but the Dutch, the persians say, have the King's firman to free them from any demands, willing them to right their own wrongs, which cannot be done unless by force. Have advised the Company of their insolent proceedings herein. The Hart's pepper will find no market here, the price being very mean. Concerning the detention of the tobacco, rice, &c. Have already advised concerning the Customs, God send to the Company's account the fourth part of their estimation; seriously recommend them to provide a sufficient man of their own choice who may give better satisfaction. Concerning Signor Orlando's goods brought into the Custom House and entries of the freight upon the ships, the proceedings of the Khan's ministers in the Custom House here so different from reason, that 40 men are not sufficient to discharge the needful. Remarks upon their consultation [see ante No. [791] whereto they called not Mr. Preddis for certain reasons; payment of their Customs also deferred until they procure this new King's firman, and freights uncertain; they were forced to put off 35 bales of silk in truck of Indian commodities, as at large will appear by Mr. Woder's accounts. Entreat the President to call a consultation for moderation of the excess rates the goods are delivered at to the Company, being 35 per cent. profit besides charges. Will send larger advices when they have more leisure, there being but three or four of them for the Custom House, receipt of goods and putting freights aboard. Cannot by this conveyance send account of the freights, but hope they will be better than last year. Send abstract of last year's customs. The sudden departure of the ships has hindered Mr. Woder from sending his books. The invoice and bills of lading will inform them of what is laden for the Company. Send also a bill of Dr. Gonge's who pretends himself executor to the Ambassador deceased. The ships sudden departure and the intolerable vexation the Moors give, the cause of this abrupt conclusion. Meirza Mahmud has in the name of Mahmud Allee been licensed for the transport of two horses aboard. Admire that Mr. wylde, a man so eminent in place should not only in his own particular send such large cargazoons on every fleet, but by correspondence encourage the meanest younker in the factory, to the like, having also supplied John Antill with quantities of moneys at 20 per cent. profit to be paid here in Bandar, which in respect of his greatness they are forced to connive at. Their urgent occasions hindered them licensing Antill's departure, annual mortality happening among them. and their demand for assistance from the fleet being refused. Mr. Wylde's proceedings with some inferiors in this factory has been no small disturbance to them, presumption on his favour emboldening them to many insolences and disrespect of their superior, as has appeared by the said Antill. Cannot enlarge, the ships being under sail. Endorsed, "Received the 2nd March 1628–9 per the Jonah" "The original was sent by the Jonas. This copy hither by the way of Surat by the Expedition accusing Mr. Wylde of private trade". 9 pp. mutilated by damp. [O.C., Vol. XII.No.1288.]
Feb. 20. 800. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Resolved that at the next Court of Sales the calico lawns be put to sale by the candle, and that of the calicoes recovered out of the Morris the coarser sort be sold in Holland, but the fine over hither, where it is conceived they will vent at a far better rate than in Amsterdam. Petition of Thomas Barker and Francis Browne, father and brother-in-law and executors of Thomas Barker, late agent in Persia, showing that said Thos. Barker dying at Gombroon about January 1627, left a good estate, which, with his books and writings, came to the hands of John Benthall, second merchant, who is now returned with a great estate in silk, &c., but gives no account of Barker's estate; ordered that a stay be made of Benthall's goods till the matter receive examination in Chancery, where said executors have exhibited their bill of complaint. Report concerning divers bales of silk, besides 20 barrels of cloves and other goods to a great value, said to have been unladen from the William into a hoy, the silk to have belonged to Benthall; resolved to question the business and the parties at leisure. Suit of the wife of Richard Steele for payment on account of her husband's wages; 50l. granted on condition that she trouble the Court no more until her husband's return. Report by Mr. Governor that Mr. Smethwike had lately dispersed a printed paper, which from its substance he thought was a plot purposely to dishearten the affairs of the Company; and in regard it reflects not only upon the Company but upon the State, it being done when the Dutch Commissioners are come over, who no doubt will exceedingly make use of these distractions and understand the state of their affairs, which by these papers is particularly demonstrated, it was resolved to complain thereof to the Lords that some punishment may be inflicted upon him for this and other insolencies and contempt of their Lordships' former orders. Dispute whether to sell their two great parcels of silk and indigo at a General Court or by private contract; some of opinion to forbear the sale of the silk for a month in respect of the expected peace with France; left to be ordered by the General Court. 3¼ pp. [Ct. Min. Bk. XI. 313–316.]
Feb. 20. 801. Minutes of a General Court. Declaration of Smethwike that his meaning (as set down) is utterly mistaken, as he explains, and his denial of having made any such confession of his errors as to clear the Governor and Committee of those things whereof he had complained to the Lords, but that he had only acknowledged his faults as to the Lords for not observing their directions, and he appealed to the court for justice, that what was recorded of him might be altered. Upon which recantation Mr. Governor called for their Lordships' order to be read, but Smethwike excepted against this order as not so fully penned as their Lordships had directed, nevertheless upon being put to the question whether what is recorded by their Secretary (a sworn officer) were not truly registered according to his expression and relation, howbeit he had recanted and denied the same, and it was by general erection of hands confirmed to be truly set down. Report of Mr. Governor concerning the order of the last General Court for a book to lie open till that day sennight, that such as were not willing to take out their two divisions in money might underwrite for calicoes, that there had been subscribed for the value of 36,000l., thought said divisions would come to near 200,000l. and therefore he desired to know whether those that have underwrit may have warrants for the calicoes, and whether any longer time shall be given to others to underwrite. After much dispute, ordered that the book lie open according to former order, until 7 o'clock this night. Further report of Mr. Governor that the new Adventures had chosen four of their company for valuing the Reformation and Discovery, and as the ships were ready in a few days to fall down to Gravesend, that four of the other old Adventures may also be chosen; but though well approved, this motion was referred to the old Adventurers to elect among themselves. Ordered that the silk, indigo, and other goods now on their hands to a great value be sold by the candle this day sennight. Mr. Governor then made known the great ado that is moved by some that the old stock is deserted and a new admitted, pretending it to be the work of the Governor and Committees for their own private ends, and intimating that the trade may still be maintained upon the old stock, besides many other unjust aspersions and clamorous complaints exhibited before the Lords of the Council; that printed papers have of late been dispersed by hundreds to both English and Dutch, containing no more than what has been already answered before their Lordships, which is of dangerous consequence at this time, when the Dutch Mayors are come over to negociate for the accommodation of differences, and which it was to be feared was an underhand plot to ruin the whole trade. After the printed paper had been read, Mr. Governor demonstrated the sundry ways which the Court had attempted to uphold the old stock, and that after long debate it had been concluded by mixed Committees, numbering about 47, that there was no possibility to continue the trade upon the old stock, so ordered to proceed upon a new subscription; yet the new Adventurers will be most ready to leave the trade wholly to the old Company so as their engagements be discharged and the trade maintained, and the Company's rejoinder was also read. Mr. Governor like wise demonstrated how that for the four first years of the old stock 1,100,000l. of the 1,600,000l. was sent out long before any return, and the greatest part thereof consumed in the Indies by the broils there; and further that if the division be made according to the last General Court, notwithstanding the great return supposed to be brought home this year, yet the debts and charges being paid, the Company will not have sufficient in the kingdom by 30,000l. to perform it, and therefore how impossible it will be to maintain the trade to the Indies and Persia upon the old stock he left to their consideration. Notwithstanding Smethwike sill insisted upon his printed motion for a meeting of the Adventurers in the old stock only, to "parlee" and consult for the good of the trade in general and of the old decayed stock in particular. After debate upon the whole state of this business Smethwike confessed that it was intended the two divisions should be waived, and that he believed the dividends the old Adventurers would forbear would come to 100,000l. or 200,000l.; but by general erection of hands it was absolutely denied to waive their divisions. Opinion of Sir Edwin Sandys on Smethwike's motion and his desire that the old Adventurers should meet to consider how to conclude the second joint stock as a dying man desires to die with the least pain, so this dying stock may be ended with as little loss as may be, which would be a work worthy of praise. This motion was much commended as both religious and conscionable, and it was ordered that liberty be given to the Auditors and Accountants that those four or six chosen by the old Adventurers should have access to any of the Company's books and letters of accounts, but not their letters of advice. The choice of four of the old Adventurers was again urged to join in "praising" the two ships, for this business required more than ordinary haste and may not be delayed. 7½ pp. [Ct. Min.Bk. XI. 316–323.]
Feb. 23–27. 802. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Ordered that the bond for 500l. of Richard Westby, deceased, be cancelled. Re quest of John Wild, son-in-law to Mr. Leatt, to take out his 12th and 13th half capitals in calicoes, answered that in regard he is surety for his father who owes the Company 2,200l., he cannot receive the same till that debt be cleared. Request of George Bennet to take out his divisions in money instead of calicoes, denied, as it would be a very ill precedent. At the request of Sir Thomas Roe, Cecil Cave who had lived with him in Constantinople, is entertained as a factor at 30l. per annum, though formerly refused in regard of the number of factors already in the Indies. Ordered that Ezekiel, brother and executor of Thomas Mills, who died at Masulipatam, have his brother's will to prove it. Gratuity of 20s. to Joseph Alley a poor Persian. Ordered that John Jenings, who came home in the William, receive his wages. Three requests of John Offley, for remission of the broke of 50l. for pepper sold but not transported, also for 15l. detained from the wages of his brother, Thomas Offley, who died in the Indies, and to respite the 300l. broke on his father's account until the 15th half capital be paid; the Court told him that for his father's sake, who had done the Company very good service, as also for his own, they would do him any courtesy in their power, yet in regard of the oath they have taken to the Company to deal equally with all men, they desired him to excuse them in these particulars, but in anything they might lawfully they would be very ready to accommodate his request, with which answer Mr. Offley seemed to be satisfied.
Feb. 25.—Petition of Mr. Trafford, a gentleman of the Lord Treasurer's and brother and executor of Edward Trafford, late the Company's servant, deceased, for 100l. on account of his brother's wages; the Court understanding there was a greater sum due, and especially in regard of the recommendation of the Lord Treasurer, were pleased to accommodate him. The Surgeon's chest of the London, having been viewed by the Surgeon that goes the voyage and reported exceeding good, it was conceived that the Company might save the charge they were wont to give to these doctors and surgeons, whose pains they entreated in this behalf, and it was resolved to rely upon the honesty of Mr. Woodall, and the judgment of the Surgeon that hath examined them. Ordered that the London be dispeeded away to the Downs, the report of a fleet of Dunkirkers being there not being true. The Dutch Commissioners having now come over, it was held necessary that be visited, yet resolved to defer it till they had been with the King, and then Mr. Governor, Mr. Deputy, and four or five of the Company to go and congratulate their arrival. Ordered that the Charles fall down to Gravesend with the next fair wind, and there take in the rest of her lading. Mr. Waller, late Master of the Morris, ordered to receive the wages and debts due to him from the Company. Ordered that Nathan Wright. who lately purchased his freedom, be admitted to underwrite for the Persian voyage, on condition that he bring in his two payments together; and that Sir Robert Nappier be permitted to underwrite for his calicoes, not being in town when the order was made. Resolved if the Lords and old Adventurers who are to meet this afternoon desire a meeting that the whole Court of Committees meet them, and if they shall receive their propositions not to give any sudden assent but to demand time to consider them. Twenty pounds on account of his wages imprested to Mr. Fuller, entertained to go preacher with Capt. Weddell, to fit him with books and other things necessary, and he was again reminded to be careful so to demean himself both aboard and ashore by his honest conversation in civil attire and sound doctrine as he give no just cause of scandal to religion and men of his profession, which he promised faithfully to perform to the utmost of his endeavours. Suit of the wife of Randall Jesson that the differences between the Company and her husband might be accommodated and herself supplied meantime with 40l. or 50l.: 30l.to be lent to her on good security until the cause be determined in the Court of Exchequer. Suit of the executors of Mr. Hawley concerning their uncle's goods; referred to their uncle's letters and the complaints against their cousin Gabriel Hawley, against Friday next, when also Mr. Cartwright would bring the jewels in his custody.
Feb. 27.—Three masts to be bought for the ships outward bound, of 14, 13, and 12 hands. Offer of grocers to buy 100 barrels of indigo at 3s. 9d., but the Court demanding 4s., resolution deferred. Report by Mr. Governor of what passed at the meeting on the afternoon of the 25th of the old Adventurers and the Court of Committees, viz., that the old Adventurers desired that the disposure of the Company's goods might be forborne till there might be a conference of 12 of the old Adventurers and 12 Committees, the former declaring their desire to support the trade upon the old stock, yet at same time presenting propositions in writing for laying down the old stock with least loss; but the Lords desiring a further conference of a fewer number, insisted that the disposure of goods and warrants might be forborne for a time, but received answer that divers divisions and sales of calicoes were already made, that a General Court had been appointed upon Monday next, and if in the meantime men will at the request of the noblemen forbear their warrants the question will then be determined, if not it were injustice to deny them; Mr. Governor therefore desired the Court's resolution what answer should be given to the Lords in the afternoon; in the interim Messrs. Geere and Waring desired their warrants, but were desired to forbear till the meeting be past, the Court concluding not to deny any warrants, yet to entreat them to forbear their divisions for a short time. Suit between Sir Francis Wortley, who married the widow of Christopher Eyres, and Mr. Eyre's brothers being settled, the transfer of 4,000l. in the second joint stock to John Elwaies was agreed to (see p. 598); his protestations of love and good opinion of the Company's fair proceedings intimating that what he hath formerly spoken touching the government of the Company had proceeded from misinformation. The rate of indigo to ship out set at 3s. 8d., and for sale in town 4s., also for the great parcel of silk 24s. per lb. was deemed an indifferent price, yet thought meet not to put it to the candle unless some man offer 23s. 6d., to prevent prejudice if nothing be bidden for it. 10 pp. [Ct. Min. Bk. XI., 324–333.]
Feb. 27 803. Minutes of a General Court of Sales. List of goods sold, with names of the purchasers and the prices. These include rice at 24s. 6d. per cwt., sugar at 4l. 10s. per cwt., cotton wool at 10¼ d. per lb., indigo at 3s.d. to 5s. 9d. per lb., green ginger at 3s. 2d. per lb., Persian silk at 24s. per lb., calico lawns at 13s. 9d. per piece, pepper at 9½d. to 11¼d. per lb. dust of pepper at 40s. per cwt., and red sealing wax at 3s. 11d. per lb. 1 p. [Ct. Min. Bk. XI., 334.]