Edward VI: December 1552

Pages 231-235

Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Edward VI 1547-1553. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1861.

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December 1552

Dec. 5. 587. The Council to Sir William Pickering. Send him copy of all their proceedings with the French Commissioners for depredations. Yesterday the Lieutenant Civil of Paris, M. Villandry, and the Advocate took leave of the King, and have promised on their return to France to do their best to procure redress for the merchants, their commission having been not to grant such redress but to hear and report on the complaints. The King had appointed to the Lieutenant for reward 500 crowns, and to the Advocate 100 marks. [Four pages. Draft, autograph of Petre.]
Dec. 5.
588. Sir William Pickering to the Council. Has spoken to the King and the Constable concerning the Council's proceedings with the French Commissioners: had many good words, but for full answer has been deferred until the King's coming to Compeigne, when within three or four days he will know their mind. On leaving Rheims the King determined that the Constable should go to Hesdin with an army of 22,000 men, but suddenly that determination is staid. The Queen with her train was likewise sent to Paris, but whatsoever the matter meaneth she cometh back to this town. Mr. Barnaby [Fitzpatrick] has obtained leave to depart, and shall have his dispatch within three or four days. [Two pages. Principally in cipher, undeciphered.]
Dec. 8.
589. Henry II., King of France, to King Edward VI. Has given permission to Mr. Barnaby [Fitzpatrick], gentleman of his chamber, to visit England on his private affairs: expresses high satisfaction at his conduct, and recommends him as greatly deserving of his Majesty's favour. [Countersigned by De l'Aubespine. French. One page. Indorsed by Cecil.]
Dec. 8.
590. The Constable Montmorency to King Edward VI. Recommends to his Majesty Mr. Barnaby [Fitzpatrick], gentleman of the chamber to the French King, whose behaviour has been so meritorious, that it would be a failure of duty on the Constable's part were he not to certify it to his Majesty. [French. One page.]
This and the preceding letter are printed in the "Literary Remains of King Edward VI.," Vol. i., p. 90.
Dec. 9.
591. Sir William Pickering to Sir William Cecil. Hopes soon to have the merchants' matters brought to good conclusion. Requests speedy instructions from the Council as to affairs now in hand. Refers for news to his friend Mr. Barnaby [Fitzpatrick], the bearer. [Half a page. Indorsed by Cecil.]
Dec. 9.
592. Same to the Council. Had received their letters of the 14th November on the 23d of same month, together with the copies of proceedings with the French Commissioners. Details his conversations with the King, the Constable, and others of the French Ministry regarding the grievances of the English merchants, which had not been settled, as expected, by the Commissioners when in England; in all these conferences the usual promises of redress consistent with justice and equity had been made. The fair words and goodly promises of these men he would believe with more surety, if the like that they have made him many times before had produced some fruitful effect. The intimation which he previously gave to their Lordships of a treaty in hand has been confirmed to him. The doers in these matters for this part are M. Chauin or Choux and M. Vaudemont, and for the other part M. D'Arras and the Marquis Marignan. These men's weariness brings with it suspicion of some conclusion, though no man can imagine how an equal match might be made in these two Princes' matters, for though Hesdin be of great importance, and would peradventure counterpoise Ivoix and Damvillers, and that Metz might according to reason be rendered as a member of the empire to the right owners, yet Sienna, by all men's judgment, must needs stick so much in the Emperor's stomach, as any full conclusion betwixt them may hardly be invented. Has delivered a brief memorial of the other news here to Mr. Barnaby [Fitzpatrick], who returns fully instructed in those things. Had sought leave for him on account of his father's sickness in Ireland; the King, in granting such permission, "set him forth with many good praises both for his wisdom and diligent service, saying he would be a very good and meet servant for the King's Highness, his good brother and son, and was very sorry, he said, that he had done no more for him that worthily deserved any goodness."
P.S. "Mr. Barnaby shall have in reward 1,000 crowns." [Eighteen pages. Indorsed by Cecil. The portion relating to the treaty in cipher, deciphered. That with reference to Barnaby Fitzpatrick has been printed in "Literary Remains of King Edward VI., Vol. i., p. 91.]
Dec. 9.
593. "A brief memoriall gyven to Mr. Barnabe Fizpatrik at his departure from Compeigne, the 9 of December 1552." Dragut Rey winters at Previsa, a port of the Turks, with 40 galleys, where also are the French galleys and the Prince of Salerno, waiting for spring to attempt the enterprise of Naples. M. Vendôme has charge of the camp about Hesdin, and the Admiral is General of the infantry, estimated to be composed of 9,000 landsknechts and Swiss, and 7,000 or 8,000 French. The newly-raised troops near Paris remain there, to be employed on the frontiers of Champagne as occasion may serve. The Duke of Ferrara has sent hither to have his son restored, and otherwise is at point to protest being forced thereunto, unless he would put two of his towns in risk of confiscation, viz., Modena and Reggio, feodaries of the Emperor. [One page.]
Dec. 9. 594. "Des Inventions de Harquebouze incogneues et de pratique dicelles passant les aultres communes." [One page. Indorsed by Cecil, "Mr. Barnabees' Remembrances," and annotated also by Cecil, "This of Thom. Crave's Report." This invention appears almost anticipatory of the "revolver" of the present day.]
Dec. 11.
595. Sir Thomas Chamberlain to Sir William Cecil. Thanks him for his gentle letter of approbation. Trusts it may be perceived by his common scribbled letter that he has proceeded according to his poor capacity, which is not so great as his goodwill to serve; but the less he is able to do with such as lack disposition to do for themselves, or receive when it is offered. "How much wood soever be laid on, if there be want of fire to kindle it will be long or the pot do seethe." Where Cecil does wish his ministry to be prosperous, it shall be much the better if he often hears from England; for until now, to be plain with him, he thought he had stood in the place of the cipher ("0"). [Two pages.]
Dec. 13.
596. Same to Sir William Petre and Sir William Cecil. They will now perceive by his common letter the answer which was promised. The thing stands upon one point, which yet perhaps the time may qualify and good ministry withal. Of the Emperor's success at Metz, good or bad, here is presently no talk, nor yet of any other thing of moment. [One page.]
Dec. 22.
597. Sir William Pickering to Sir William Cecil. The French Commissioners are expected here daily. Villandry says, "que toutes choses s' accommoderent bicn d leur venue." Hopes they may to the advantage of the English, and not to the profits of the French merchants. Earnestly beseeches Cecil will procure his revocation, as his undoing is manifest. Cannot find the pedigrees anywhere, but hopes to be able to do so at Paris, where he will be soon, if, as is reported, Hesdin begins to parley. M. Boisdaulphin returns shortly, and, it is said, will be replaced by M. Lansac. The like he trusts shall follow in his request. Recommends the bearer Rolle, who has recently lost his father, and is one of his best servants. "If the French hand inclosed should stray by any misadventure too far abroad, it might be the occasion of trumping up some in these quarters."
P.S. [Partly cipher, deciphered] "The more I cry out, the worse words I give these men, the more am I cherished, banqueted, and presented with venison. Then judge you what devils these are to deal with. Mr. Barnaby's 1,000 crowns are in one predicament with my reward at my first coming hither, which they promised him three times, saying that it was the King's commandment, yet hitherto without delivery." [Two pages.]
Dec. 24.
598. Peter Vannes to the Council. The enterprise of the Imperialists against Sienna goes on with great diligence. It is written from Naples to the Emperor's agents at Florence, that their troops, consisting of Germans, Spaniards, and Italians, to the number of 18,000 foot and 2,000 horse, were setting forth from Naples toward Sienna on the 15th inst., and that Signor Ascanio della Cornia, nephew to the Bishop of Rome and servant to the Emperor, had in readiness 4,000 foot levied from divers parts of Italy, to join the Imperialists. The Bishop of Rome is in great fear of the Imperialists, having heard from his Nuncio at Naples that they intend to march close by the gates of Rome instead of taking their journey 25 miles off, as before they had seemed to be content. Wherefore mistrusting some stratagem, he is levying 8,000 foot for his own and his State's defence, to be ready before the approach of the Imperialists. The French exert themselves for the defence of Sienna, and have already there 5,000 foot and 600 horse, which number it is thought they will increase as may be found necessary. The Cardinal of Ferrara has done much good in abolishing the factions and reconciling the hearts of the Siennese, which people being very plentiful and warlike will make good defence. It is supposed that the first attack of the Imperialists will be made upon certain havens very commodious for the town. The Duke of Florence has not yet declared himself, but men think that being at the Emperor's devotion, and his father-in-law, the Viceroy, being General of the enterprise, and the war so nigh to him, he will be fain to declare himself Imperial, and aid them to the most of his power. Don Fernando Gonzaga for the Emperor, and Mons. de Brissac for the French King, are very strong in Piedmont: 3,000 Swiss are daily expected there for the French King's aid. By letters from Constantinople of the 20th ult., it appears that the Prince of Salerno has had audience of the Turk, who has made much of him and appointed him 20 crowns a-day for his entertainment. The Prince has endeavoured to prevail on the Turk to send his army in the spring to help forward the enterprise of Naples, but it is supposed he will have much to do to bring this to pass. Rustan Bassa, the Turk's General, has been revoked, the Persians having withdrawn themselves out of that country, as required by the season of the year. [Two pages.] Inclosed,
598. I. List of the captains and the number of men under their command (amounting in all to 11,940) sent to Sienna by the Cardinal of Ferrara and Mons. de Thermes, at 16th December 1552. [Autograph of Cecil. One page.]
Dec. 27. 599. Instructions for Sir Andrew Dudley, K.G., one of the chief gentlemen of his Majesty's Privy Chamber, sent by King Edward VI. to the Emperor Charles V. to express his Majesty's desire to mediate for peace between the Emperor and the French King. [Draft. Ten pages.]
Dec. 29.
600. The Duke of Northumberland to Sir William Petre and Sir William Cecil. Has received their letter at seven o'clock this evening, and perused those from Pickering. The copy of the one written in French contains no secrets but merely gives account of various sorties made out of Metz into the Emperor's camp, the removing of certain of the Emperor's battery pieces, and the making of two new trenches "that they may reach one another with the shot of their hand guns level, saying that if the Imperials give them peason they will render unto them beans again." Has not yet seen Lord Shrewsbury, but thinks he will come to-morrow. [One page.]