Mary: December 1556

Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Mary 1553-1558. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1861.

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'Mary: December 1556 ', Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Mary 1553-1558, (London, 1861), pp. 278-281. British History Online [accessed 12 June 2024].

. "Mary: December 1556 ", in Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Mary 1553-1558, (London, 1861) 278-281. British History Online, accessed June 12, 2024,

. "Mary: December 1556 ", Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Mary 1553-1558, (London, 1861). 278-281. British History Online. Web. 12 June 2024,

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December 1556

Dec. 1.
561. King Philip to William Earl of Pembroke, K.G. Is glad to hear of his arrival [at Calais]. Hopes that with the aid expected from England he will be able to resist the attacks of the enemy. [Half a page. Copy.]
Dec. 1.
562. Laurence Priuli, Doge of Venice, to Queen Mary. Recredentials of Mr. Peter Vannes. [Latin. Broadside on vellum.]
Dec. 5.
563. Sir Edward Carne to King Philip and Queen Mary. Since his last of the 28th ult. the Pope has set forth a bull of jubilee to all who would pray for peace, of which a printed copy is sent herewith. On St. Andrew's day his Holiness sang mass in his chapel, and thereafter went in procession to St. Peter's attended by all the Cardinals, Archbishops, and Bishops, solemnly to pray for peace. After his second meeting with the Duke of Alva, Cardinal Caraffa sent a trumpeter to his Grace with a present of pheasants, venison, and divers other good meats, to the bearer of which the Duke gave 40 crowns, and on the following morning frankly made the Cardinal a present of all the captains and soldiers who had surrendered the castle of Ostia and had previously been commanded to be kept prisoners. In return the Cardinal sends the Duke great presents; and the Pope also has sent him thirty fat bullocks, eight great Parmesan cheeses, two mule loads of capons and hens, and other fryandious victuals, 30 butts of wine, and two hundred robbias of barley for horses. These all men consider sure tokens of peace. The most of the Duke's cavalry have returned towards Naples, whither he goes himself either to-day or to-morrow. But he still causes the island of Ostia to be fortified; already one fort is made there on the biggest arm of the Tiber entering to the sea, and another is begun on the end of the island where the other arm of the river flows into the sea; thus commanding all approaches to Rome from the ocean. The Pope's camp is broken up, and his ordnance brought back. People from the Duke's camp say that peace is in every man's head, although the proclamation made here on the 2d inst. is only for a truce of 40 days. At the settling of this treaty none were present but the Cardinal and the Duke, alone in a tent very long in communication every time they met, and unattended by any secretary, so no certainty of what their agreements are is known, though all hope for peace, the capitulation being so privily kept that none of the other Cardinals appear to be acquainted therewith. Sends copy of the proclamation of truce. [Two pages.] Inclosing,
563. I. "Bulla Jubilei pro Pace." Rome, November 27, 1556. [Latin. Printed broadside.]
563. II. "Bando della Triegua." Rome, December 2, 1556, [Italian. Printed broadside.]
Dec. 1.
564. Dr. Wotton to Sir William Petre. The bearer, brother to Sir Thomas Wrothe, ventures to return home, wholly submitting himself to her Majesty's mercy. If he means to be as true as he says, mercy will be well bestowed upon him. He says that Dudley and the rebels, hearing that he has been with Wotton and sued for help towards his pardon, have sworn his death, and have sent men to Paris to watch him and kill him. [Cipher, deciphered. One page.]
Dec. 12.
565. Same to same. On the 10th the French King's Secretary informed him that the French Commissioners have returned from the borders and have done nothing; wherefore matters remaining as before will serve to minister occasion of contention whenever they have leisure and opportunity. Also that their Ambassador Resident had written hither that Lord Pembroke was raising troops to send over, which somewhat alarmed the King, who sent back to his Ambassador to desire he would make diligent inquiry whether her Majesty intended to make war against him. The Ambassador dispatched his brother in post to declare that no war was intended, and only three ensigns were raised to reinforce her Majesty's garrisons on this side, and that he had told the King her Majesty durst not, if she would, declare herself in this war, for if she were to send them whom she trusted out of the realm, they whom she trusts not would not fail to be busy within it. The Secretary affirmed with oaths that the King has no intention to go to war against her Majesty, but to keep peace with her. [Cipher, deciphered. One page and a half.]
Dec. 12.
566. Dr. Wotton to the Council. On the 10th of June had received their letter of 17th May, with a supplication of certain merchants of Plymouth, requiring restitution of a vessel named the Peter of that port, which had been arrested at Brest in Brittany on the pretext that she had been captured by Englishmen from them of Brest before the last wars were proclaimed, and therefore could not be good prize, and desiring him to see the Constable thereon. When their letter arrived the King was in no certain place, but hunting abroad, so that no good could be done until his return. Whereupon the bearer hereof, John Hawkins, one of the ship's owners, having a letter from Noailles, then Ambassador in England, to the Justices of Brest, proceeded thither to see how he might succeed. Having tarried there a great while suing for his matter, he returned to Wotton, requiring his aid to have the process revoked to the Privy Council here. Sets forth the correspondence between him and the Constable and Marillac, Archbishop of Vienna, one of the Maitres des Requestes, to whom, as is usual, the rapport was committed, and sends the last letter from the former (missing). Requests they will send him a notarially authenticated copy of the agreement between the Commissioners for settling differences at the conclusion of the last peace. The news here are that of the taking of Ostia and slaughter of its garrison, the Duke of Alva granted the Pope a truce for ten days, during which articles have been agreed upon, but not sealed by his Holiness, because he intends to certify the French King of them first. It is said his Holiness legates to King Philip and the former Sovereign, to travail for some agreement, for which purpose the truce is prolonged to the 10th prox. For this different grounds are assigned, necessity on part of the Pope making the truce that he may gain time and fortify himself in the interval, or such reason being offered to him that it were unwise to refuse it. In consequence of Brissac remaining sick at Lyons, and De Thermes being ill in Piedmont, the Duke of Guise has ridden in post from the former to the latter place, "whither, if his men follow him now in this time, which is as sharp a winter as men remember to have seen any here, it cannot well be but that a number of them and their horses must be lost by the way."[Five pages.]
Copy, in modern hand, of the first three sentences of the preceding, dated erroneously "Paris, 22 November." [One page.]
St. James'.
567. Queen Mary to Dr. Wotton. Desires Wotton formally to complain to the French King and Constable, who, in spite of their fair words to the contrary, entertain and reward Dudley and the other unnatural conspirators, who cease not to continue their devilish practices and devices against her Majesty and her dominions, and to declare to them how dishonourable this violation of their word is, and the bad example it may be to other Princes. [Broadside, superscribed by her Majesty.]