BHO

Mary: June 1557

Pages 312-319

Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Mary 1553-1558. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1861.

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June 1557

June 1.
Westminster.
623. Commission by Queen Mary to William [Flower], Norroy King of Arms, to declare war with Henry II., King of France. [Minute. Latin. One page.]
Fair copy of the above. [One page.]
June 4.
Ancona.
624. Intelligence from Ancona. The whole French camp is returning, and already taking up quarters at Asina, Porto di Fermo, Porto di Civita Nuova, Porto di Recanati, Sirolo, Pontechonecchio, which is outside the gate here, and Fiumesino; then in the direction of Jesi and the Duchy of Urbino. Yesterday there arrived here 9 pieces of artillery, 5 cannons, and 4 pieces from the field; of these three are dismounted and broken by the gunner who entered Civitella from the French camp, who they say is a Venetian. To-day the ammunition and shot for these guns arrived, and are daily coming, and this morning they were to remove from San Benedetto, and preparation is making here for Tuesday next. The said artillery and munition embark here for Ferrara, and there are some who say that it will be disembarked at Rimini, and that the camp is going into Tuscany, but this is not credited; it is also said that they return into France or go to the assistance of the Duke of Ferrara. They are much afraid here that when the camp is gone the enemy will advance within this country. It is said, however, that the Duke of Paliano will remain on the frontiers, and Strozzi with the Italians, but they will not have sufficient cavalry; still it is hoped that peace is coming and that they will restore Paliano to Marc Antonio Colonna, and invest the Duke of Paliano with the Duchy of Camerino. The enemy begin to cross the Tronto and sally forth to skirmish daily, as usual. [Italian. One page.]
June 5.
Rome.
625. Sir Edward Carne to King Philip and Queen Mary. On the Monday following his letter of the 29th ult., Cardinal Morone was by order of the Pope imprisoned in Castle St. Angelo, where he is yet lodged in the Pope's own lodging. The cause, as far as he can learn, is for matters of religion. On the 2d the Pope called a Consistory of Cardinals, to whom he made a long oration of all his external and internal troubles concerning religion since he was Pope, saying that he had borne so long that he could endure no longer; especially as, in the time of Pope Paul III., Cardinal Morone and another (whom he did not name) was thereof warned: that he was now therefore compelled to take the advice of the whole College; and stated that Morone was imprisoned not for suspicion of any matter touching the State or his Holiness's person, but for matters that touched the Inquisition. The Cardinal, it seems, lately took to be steward of his household a gentleman from Modena, where many, as the rumour is abroad, are sore infected in religion. On the 15th ult. this steward was taken upon suspicion of heresy, and brought to the prison of heretics here; and now his master is arrested. Ensures their Majesties the Cardinal is as Catholic and virtuous a man as may be. His Holiness is very severe in his proceedings, and therein has respect to no man. The Cardinal's reputation being great here, some think that the Pope's kinsmen would diminish it, fearing lest he should be Pope after this one. He is to be examined by four Cardinals, viz., Cardinal Alexandrinus à Frere, the Cardinal of Pisa, the Cardinal of Spoleto, who is the Pope's Vicar, and Cardinal Romano. The French army has retired to Ascoli and its vicinity, and it is said the Duke of Guise will return to France as speedily as he can, with all the French who have served here. It is reported that he comes here to take leave of the Pope, and many of the gentlemen of his camp have arrived here already. Soldiers are sent daily hence to Paliano to reinforce that garrison. There is a report that his Majesty's gallies passing with 8,000 Germans to Naples took by the way three gallies of the French. These Germans are said to be left about Anagni, which causes some fear here. [Two pages and a quarter.]
[1557.] June 5.
Rome.
626. Intelligence from Rome. The Marshal who came here, left to go to the army in order to confirm this matter, doubting whether the Duke of Guise was going to return into Lombardy, and is expected back to-night. 30,000 crowns have been borrowed from the merchants of Rome, on promise of repayment out of the earliest money accruing from the first impost; but security having been required from the Chamberlain on account of the impost, a proclamation has been issued to the effect that in six days after its publication the amount and value of the fixed goods is to be sent into the Chamberlain-Commissary, and to-morrow the Romans are to hold a meeting. Marc Antonio Colonna had made a plan against Vicovaro and come to some provision for attempting it, knowing that it was badly guarded; the place has been reinforced with troops and victuals. The Imperial gallies which last returned to Naples, had landed in Sienna a part of these Germans. Advice has come that seven French gallies have reached Civita Vecchia with the Prince of Salerno, and that he will be here this evening himself. The enemy is strong, especially in cavalry, and soldiers are continually coming hither from the camp. There is little money from the proclamation of the Pope, and of 600 horse which he had 300 have left because their pay has been long in arrear. [Italian. One page.]
June 7.
Rheims.
627. Dr. Wotton to Queen Mary. For reasons to be declared on a future occasion could not have audience of the King until to-day. His Majesty gave him licence to depart, and that very gently, saying he should depart when he would and have no let by the way. The Constable likewise used very gentle words to him, and said that not only should he go safe all the way, but be well entertained, notwithstanding certain great news which they had the previous day from England by a gentleman named La Marque, and that a reward, ordered to be given to him by the King, should be sent. After he had returned to his lodging the said La Marque waited upon him from the Constable to mention that the King had determined to revoke his Ambassador, and requested him to apprize her Majesty thereof: further that as the King was now in a place where he could not conveniently have the vessel that was used to be presented to Ambassadors, his Majesty had declared Wotton's present should be 1,200 crowns in gold, which the Constable intended to send him. Is not well assured what effect their fair words will take, especially when they shall perceive the other man's errand, who is even now about to see whether he can do that thing he cometh for. Likewise has had fair words from the Constable, but the King being gone a hunting, cannot yet tell how soon he shall declare his articles. [Cipher, deciphered. One page.]
June 8.
Ghent.
628. Christian, Dowager Duchess of Lorraine, to same. In behalf of the widow and daughter of the late Granado [Sir Jacques de], concerning whom she had spoken to her Majesty when recently in London. [French. One page. Indorsed by Petre.]
June 10.
Ghent.
629. Same to the Earl of Pembroke. Writes to her Majesty in behalf of the poor widow and daughter of the late Granado, for whom she had petitioned at her departure from London, and requests him to support her recommendation. [French. One page.]
June 10.
Barca-sotto Giulia.
630. Intelligence from Italy. 1. The Duke of Alva is here with the Spaniards and Germans and a very few Italians; because since the retirement of the French he has intentionally permitted the infantry to disband; as it appeared to him that with the ultra-montanes, who are said to be certainly about 8,000 foot, and the cavalry, he could undertake what he should think fit. His determination as to the rest is not yet known; by what can be conjectured, it is believed he will leave a good part here, and with the remainder will concentrate on the way to Rome: but he will not go there in person. Yesterday Count Giovanni Francesco da Bagni with 300 horse left here for Anagni, as also the last Germans, who are already in the Regno Marchiano on this way. It is said that the country of Rome will be devastated. Marc Antonio Colonna will have the government of the whole. Civitella has been provisioned and the same troops remain in it as were there. As the French camp, which is now five miles from Fermo, will be further removed, perhaps about 20 from this place, it would not be amiss, by what some captains say, that the camp should make an enterprise against a village near Ascoli, in Marca, to be in the eye of Civitella. Don Garcia is already gone from the camp to Naples, and a number of officers have been permitted to return home. On this the following note by Sheres is written:—
"The advices from our friends are not as good as I wish they should be. I had rather we did better than boast of more than we mean to do, and perchance also our credit would be better. Our enemies need no better spies than we ourselves, or at the least we boast so fast that they may easily find a mean wit to find out the truth."
2. From Fossano, 11th June. They have disbanded the company of 100 light horse of Mons. de Sanfrè, and for the most part brought them into Fossano. Those of Cunio defended themselves manfully, notwithstanding that aid could not be given to them on account of the river Astura, which remained very much swollen, and because the other side occupied Centale and Busca, well garrisoned. In a general assault which was made on the 2d, many Frenchmen were killed and taken prisoners. Mons. di Luserna, the Governor, solicits aid. Since the assault they discovered a mine and by countermine took 40 barrels of powder; the French coming to explode them were entrapped. The Switzers who were near the walls, to escape the slaughter which pursued them had retired and moved off, taking up quarters at Peveragno, about four miles from Cunio.
3. From Milan, June 16. The late repulse of the French from Cunio is confirmed, and it is said that having no hope of getting it, it was believed that they would raise the siege in three days. The Marquis of Pescara collected good aid to go thither. [Italian. Four pages.] On this the following note by Sheres is written:—
"These advices be of the Ambassador of Savoway [Savoy] now here, not the little gentleman that was in Flanders, but the one who followed him when the Duke went into Italy. If you remember his name, they call him Il Signor Mal Opera. It is the true name of [his house]. He was wont to do, and doth yet, as the pedagogues do, mingle with his Italy now and then a Latin text."
June 12.
Calais.
631. Lord Wentworth to Queen Mary. This day received by M. de Vandeville, Captain of Gravelines, a letter of credence from the Duke of Savoy, the effect of which credence is that the Duke rejoices in the proclamation of war against France, and offers to serve her Majesty within these marches in such manner as he may. Has intimated reciprocal sentiments and offers by credence of De Vandeville, who after dining with him returned. War against her Majesty has this day been published at Ardres. Several of the enemy's ships keep the narrow seas, so that such victuallers as desire to pass to and from England dare not adventure; and he is informed by the captains of the vessels appointed to guard the passage that they are not of sufficient force to meet with the enemy, and therefore they will not hazard their ships; wherefore, if this be not seen to, no fisherman or other shall dare go out of this haven. Requests order may be given for the passing of her Majesty's gifts of the lands in Suffolk. [One page.] Incloses,
631. I. Letter of credence from the Duke of Savoy in favour of M. de Vandeville. [Brussels, June 9. Copy. Nine lines.]
June 13.
Guisnes.
632. Lords Wentworth and Grey to Queen Mary. Hitherto in time of war safeguards have been granted by the Emperor to Lignes and other Imperial towns on these frontiers, whereby the enemy have gained great advantage by practising with them so safe-guarded, and, were such now granted, would enable them to give much annoyance here. Therefore requests her Majesty will move the King to refuse such safeguards to all who may make suit for them. [One page. Indorsed by Petre.]
June 14.
Guisnes.
633. Lord Grey to same. The Deputy and Comptroller of Calais have along with him surveyed the works and state of this town, and find that there are at present only 100 men more than there were before the war was proclaimed, the whole amounting to but 300. This force is utterly useless for attacking the enemy abroad or defending the town at home. Men cannot, as heretofore, be supplied from the country here, as the greater part for the safety of their goods and cattle are dispersed in various places, some in Flanders, some in the Low Country, and others among their friends. Some too are appointed to keep the straits, bulwarks, and other places of defence in the country, so that a very small number, in comparison of times past, remain to serve in the castle and town. Therefore entreats her Majesty will send more men for defence. The French yet lie quietly, not stirring abroad to annoy her pale and subjects, but they be nothing the more to be trusted. [One page and a half. Indorsed by Petre.]
June 14.
Calais.
634. Lord Wentworth to same. To-day a post arrived here from England who hasted to France. Having given orders that in this suspicious time no one should be allowed to pass without his knowledge, the man was brought to him, and being examined, declared he was the King's courier going to Spain with matters of importance, making no doubt to go safely through France saving hence to Boulogne. As the man has no safeguard he suspects him, and therefore stays him till he knows her Majesty's and the King's pleasure.
P.S.—The courier's name is Jordan Sestrado, born in the country of Ryvegosse. [One page. Indorsed by Petre.]
June 19.
Venice.
635. John Sheres to Sir John Masone. By two of the last weekly advices, and one extraordinary from Rome, as he had then written, it seemed that the Pope was somewhat more inclined towards a good peace. Now, nevertheless, the advices from thence come clean contrary, that his Holiness is more bent upon war than ever. Sends him this copy of certain advices from Rome of the 12th of June. The Prince of Salerno, who arrived at Cività Vecchia with seven gallies, has reached Rome. Notwithstanding he had heretofore caused the Pope's nephew, the Marquis of Polignano, to be slain in prison, he was now made much of, received with much honour, brought to the chapel, and set on the higher hand of the French Ambassador, and, lastly, lodged in Cardinal Caraffa's own palace. On Monday the 14th he was to go towards the camp to Mons. de Guise. The Marshal Pietro Strozzi had also arrived in Rome from the French camp, with a full resolution from M. de Guise, on the receipt of certain letters from the French King, to tarry till the King's pleasure were known further. He seemed to be now better minded to follow the first determined enterprise of the realm of Naples, and the Pope made now his full account upon it. The Pope had determined that neither the Duke of Paliano, the Marquis of Monte Bello, nor any of his kinsmen, should have any more to do with the management of these wars, but that all should be committed to Mons. de Guise, to whose government all the money for the Pope's part touching this war shall come, because it is said and thought that the Marquis abused the Pope in that matter, which was the one good part of the difference between him and De Guise, and the chief cause of the latter retiring from the enterprise. Cardinal Caraffa will go with all speed to Ancona or Loretto to conclude with De Guise for all things. Tuesday next, the 15th inst., Pietro Strozzi will leave for France with the Duke of Paliano's son and heir, as a hostage that the Pope will perform all his promises to the uttrest. The Pope has promised to make four French Cardinals. He is raising 5,000 foot and certain horse, to be sent out of hand to De Guise, and De Guise himself has raised 2,000 more now about Ancona, from which it is concluded he will return to his former enterprise. The four Cardinals appointed for the examination of Morone, viz., Pisa, Romano, Spoleto, and Alessandrino, had entered the castle to him, and were about to give the first assault towards his examination. The Barons and Nobility of Rome had offered the Pope out of hand 100,000 crowns of the subsidy to be levied of one of the hundred, but his Holiness, not contented with so small a sum, seeks for more. A courier had arrived from England with letters to the Pope, underwritten by both the King and Queen, declaring what great mischief might follow in England,—a realm yet so far out of order, and so late brought again to the obedience of the see of Rome, not thoroughly purged of all ill humours,—if he recalled his Legate Pole from England; therefore their Majesties have most humble suit that the Legate may remain and in his legation. The Pope has not answered resolutely, nor, as it seems, given any hope of changing his determination. Sends intelligence, presently received from Milan, that the Cardinal of Trent, on 27th ult., renewed a proclamation of January last, to the effect that all subjects of the state of Milan, now serving in various ways in the states and countries subject to the King of France, Duke of Ferrara, and other enemies and rebels of his Imperial, Catholic, and Royal Majesty, shall quit such service and states, and return to their homes within 15 days ensuing if in Italy, or one month if out of Italy, appearing personally in Milan before the Capitano di Giustitia, and in other cities of their habitation to the authorities there, on pain of death and confiscation. And also all who are not subjects of the state of Milan, but have property subjected to it, and are in service or dwelling in the aforesaid rebel states, shall likewise leave their services and houses, and appear personally as aforesaid, otherwise, after the said term, if they do not appear, they will be deprived of their property. [Italian.] Further, received from Mantua, on the 15th curt., notice that it is understood the Duke of Parma is causing to be levelled and dismantled the Borgo San Donino, Terricella, and Mochiengelo, and had further ordered the same in regard to Colorno, but because it is not a fortress of much strength, and the Cardinal goes there frequently, it will not be done. He also heard from Pesaro on the 12th, that Count Theophilo, passing there on his way from the French camp, reported that Mons. de Guise would not remove till he knew the King's further pleasure, and that 5,000 Italians were arriving daily from the Pope. Yesterday Cardinal Tournon arrived there from Castello Durante [Urbanea], and will with all diligence embark for Ancona to speak with Mons. de Guise; upon this a rumour has arisen that the Pope will put Ancona, and other, the best and strongest fortresses of the Church, in the French King's hands, and Guise will return to his first enterprise. By letters of the 7th from Ancona, it appears there is no other talk but that, upon the return of Signor Giorolimo di Laroniero from the French King, the camp will return to its enterprise. Albeit the French and Pope's men report much contrary to their advices. As to the matters of Piedmont, it is most certain that Brissac has done no great thing these 20 days, and there is a report this morning that he has raised the siege of Anagni. There is a gentleman, a knight of Sussex, as he hears, a right worshipful man, who had a son here with Peter Vannes, then Ambassador, who was on Sunday last shorn in a monk or a friar of the monastery called La Carita, and because he has been "nosolyd" in all kinds of detestable vices, at his entry he finds no other excuse but that his father and mother are heretics, and that he will be a good man; which Sheres prays God may be, though he thinks it unlikely. His father's name is Coldingham. Because he perceives by Masone's diligent writing of news hither from time to time, and the Lord Privy Seal's Italian Chaplain, and by his craving of the like from hence, as well of Sig. John Barnardine as of M. Vincentio, who was Mr. Vannes' man, that such advices are acceptable to the Lord Privy Seal, and remembering how often his Lordship has been and is his good lord, wishes he would vouchsafe to participate to his Lordship what he thinks meet in Sheres' name. Knows also (as he wrote to him once heretofore) that Masone can be no loser in that behalf, for Guido Janetto also writes to his Lordship, which he may see by these means, if not otherwise. [Seven pages. Seal, with the motto in Greek capitals: AOPATON TO MEAAON.]
June 19.
Calais.
636. Lord Wentworth to Queen Mary. Had a letter this day from the Captain of Boulogne stating that her Majesty's Ambas sador Resident in France will arrive there this evening, and shall remain there until the French Ambassador were come hither, and desiring to know what order should be taken for their exchange. Had replied that he understood the Ambassador was on his way, and hoped in two days he would be here, when notice would be given. [Half a page. Indorsed by Petre.]
June 20.
Rome.
637. Pope Paul IV. to King Philip and Queen Mary. Has received their letters. Appoints William Peto, professed of the Order of Friars Minors [ordinis fratrum minorum professor] to be Legate in England and Ireland in room of Cardinal Reginald Pole. [Latin. Broadside on vellum.]
June 21.
Castle of Milan.
638. Count Landriani to Queen Mary. Requesting her Majesty's mediation with King Philip, into whose disfavour he has fallen in consequence of his marriage, for which he is confined by his relations in the castle of Milan. Refers to the favours received when he accompanied his Majesty to England. [Italian. Two pages.]
June 27.
Calais.
639. Lord Wentworth and Sir Thomas Cornwaleys to same. Received her Majesty's letter of the 25th at two o'clock this morning. The treasure was ready to be laden and orders had been given for its conveyance to Gravelines within two hours after, of which M. de Vandeville had notice; but on receipt of the letter stayed the same until her Majesty's pleasure shall be ascertained. Solicit that this may be reported to the King. To-day the French Ambassador will leave and Wotton come hither, each being accompanied by two gentlemen to conduct them. [One page. Indorsed by Petre.]
June 29.
Westminster.
640. Queen Mary to Lord Wentworth and Sir Thomas Cornwaleys. Their letter of the 27th has been received as to the staying of the first portion of the treasure; thanks them for their good service, and directs them upon the receipt of the second portion of the said treasure to send both to the King as soon as the officers appointed to convey it shall be ready. [Minute. One page.]