Mary: July 1558

Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Mary 1553-1558. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1861.

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'Mary: July 1558', Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Mary 1553-1558, (London, 1861), pp. 387-391. British History Online [accessed 23 June 2024].

. "Mary: July 1558", in Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Mary 1553-1558, (London, 1861) 387-391. British History Online, accessed June 23, 2024,

. "Mary: July 1558", Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Mary 1553-1558, (London, 1861). 387-391. British History Online. Web. 23 June 2024,

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July 1558

July 1.
803. The Consuls and Senators of Embden to Queen Mary. Requesting that their fellow citizen, James Rommeler, who, with his ship and cargo, has been laid under embargo in England, may be permitted to return with his said ship and cargo intact. [Latin. One page.]
July 2.
804. Francisco de Vargas to [same]. Mentions at considerable length the indignity placed upon his Majesty by the Seigniory last Ascension Day, referring to the Pope the dispute between him and the French Ambassador on the point of precedence; meanwhile resolving that the two shall never be present at any state ceremonial until the decision of his Holiness was obtained, and from a base fear of the French King's menacing them with the Turkish fleet, inviting his Ambassador, and passing over Vargas on the Vigil of St. John. [Spanish. Three pages.]
July 4.
805. Sir William Pickering to same. Since his letter of the 23d ult., which was accompanied by the copy of a letter written by the King, her affairs in Flanders have reached the following state:—On Thursday last, by reason of Colonel Wallerthum being indisposed with an ague, they passed the muster of the Dutch regiment not at Amersfort, but at a place as fit for the purpose, two leagues on this side the town. After many ceremonies, and much wrangling on the part of the Colonel and his company to achieve their covetous desires, concluded with them for 29,500 florins a month, or thereabouts, as will more clearly be shown ere long, the books of everything being now perfectly finished and perused. Has just paid the first month's wages, deducting with much ado what was due for the first payment of the armour and harness delivered to the men, amounting to 3,643 florins. The regiment is ready to march, and this morning took the way towards Antwerp. [One page and a half.]
July 17. 806. The Council to Sir Thomas Curtis, Knt., Mayor of the City of London, and the Aldermen and Common Council thereof. Requesting them to set seal to certain bonds to the Queen's use. [Minute, autograph of Petre. Half a page. Indorsed with the dates 5th, 10th, and 25th May, 3d June, and 17th July.]
July 17.
807. Don Diego Azevedo to the Council. His Majesty's fleet, in which the Archbishop of Toledo, the Regent Figueroa, with himself and many other officers of the household, came, having been detained here eight days waiting for a favourable wind to sail from Spain; they have received much hospitality and kindness from all here, especially from John Killigrew, the Governor of the Castle, and his son, for which they feel very grateful, and think it right to apprize their Lordships thereof. [Spanish. One page.]
July 17.
808. The Cardinal of Ausgburg to Queen Mary. Avails himself of the passage of a son of the English Ambassador at Rome to pay his respects, and remind her Majesty of his constant desire to serve her. [Italian. One page.]
July 24.
809. Sir William Pickering to same. In his last letters promised to signify as soon as he could the King's resolution about the 3,000 Almains. At his late arrival at Brussels, Don Antonio de Toledo told him that the King intended to keep them in Flanders, and send them to England in case of necessity. Four days after, when he heard of the King's preparation for the field, he requested Don Antonio to move his Majesty as to his own remaining in Flanders. Tuesday last, towards evening, Toledo took him into the park here, where he found the King breaking up of a buck that he himself had stricken a little afore, when he confirmed what Toledo had said about keeping the regiment of Germans in Flanders, and told Pickering that he might go to England as speedily as his other business would permit. Received the King's letter to her Majesty on Wednesday morning between two and three o'clock, at his Majesty's uprising. Cannot return until the last muster books are made up, and he has recovered about 1,000 florins of her Majesty's money in Holland, which was disbursed there for victuals, &c., for the transporting of the Germans into England. The King's letters granted to him in that behalf will expedite the matter. [Two pages and a half.]
July 25.
810. Sir Edward Carne to same. Since his letters of the 23d inst., nothing has happened beyond what was there specified. It is said that the Legate de Latere, appointed to go to the Emperor and the King of Poland, will take his journey within three days. Because the extraordinary post which passes at this time makes more speed than the ordinary one by which he sent his last, thinks good to send herewith a duplicate of the contents; which were, that no Consistory having been kept for four months, on Monday last his Holiness kept one, in which the late Bishop of Verona was made Bishop of Bergamo, and Verona given to a nephew of his. In the same Consistory the Bishop of Pola, the Pope's Secretary, was made Patriarch of Jerusalem. On the following Wednesday his Holiness kept another, wherein the Cardinal of Pisa was made Legate de Latere to the Emperor and King of Poland. The Cardinal de Medici was made Archbishop of Milan. The Bishop of Buoncompagno was made Archbishop of Sorrento in Naples. Also the father hermit Jeremiah, who is so familiar with the Pope, was made Bishop of Nicotia in Candia, and some say that Cardinal Caraffa was made Bishop of Brescia in the same Consistory. There are advices in Rome from many places: from Ferrara that Don Louis, the Duke of Ferrara's second son, has fled from his father, but it is not certain whither. From Genoa that the Turk's army on these seas has left its quarters, and taken route towards Africa to aid Algiers, which is besieged by the Scheriff, a great Prince of that country, with 40,000 Moors and 12,000 Christians, sent out of Spain by agreement between the Scheriff and Spain; and this gives hopes that Villafranca, Nizza, Savona, Corsica, and other places of Italy threatened by the Turks are safe from them this year. From Augsburg, that the Electors of the Empire, with such resolution as they intend to make, treat with the Pope and See Apostolic for not admitting the new Emperor, and that the truce between the Emperor and the Turk ends 23d August next, and therefore the Emperor had sent Signor Philippo Baldo, Ambassador to the Turk, to treat of a new peace or a prorogation, and that the French seek all means to disturb the peace or the truce. Touching the Duke of Norfolk's suit here, his agent has better hopes of being dispatched shortly than he had. This is the end of his letter of the 24th. Doubts now as much of the Duke of Norfolk's suit as he did before, though his agent gets fair words, which are common here. Is informed that the said agent, Nicholas Mynne, is much conversant privily with Thomas Wilson here, notwithstanding Carne warned him at his first coming how he had contemned her Majesty's command. [Three pages.]
July 26.
811. The Regent Figueroa to Queen Mary. The ships in which the Archbishop of Toledo and they left Zealand on Midsummer Day have been delayed by contrary weather. At first they were detained some days at Portland, then at Plymouth, and now after two attempts to sail they are still here. On the last occasion several French men of war, that waited for them between Lizard Head and Dungeness, set upon them without doing them any hurt, and finally fled, escaping because some of their ships were light, and some with oars, and the weather calm. The intention of the French to return with a reinforcement to attack them is well known, and they, on their part, take steps to strengthen themselves; for the French, because her Majesty's navy is so far off, are very busy hereabouts, and are lords of the sea. Suggests that the castles of the various ports should be better furnished with men and munitions than they are, especially this one, which is in great lack and manifest danger if it were assailed. This is no fault of its Captain, who is an honest gentleman. Has written on the subject to the Earl of Bedford, and urges her Majesty to take order therein, as she knows what inconveniences are wont to follow for want of foresight. And although these castles are rather to overawe than to work any great effect, yet, seeing they are made, it is necessary that they should be substantially looked to. The Mayor seems, and is reputed to be an honest man, who does justice in his office; and because he has done in the case of the Marquis of Verlanga, he has got him evil willers. His sons have been wrongfully accused of helping the Marquis' men against the town: they only endeavoured to stay the hurt that might have ensued. Beseeches her Majesty may give order that the sons be not molested for a matter wherein they rather deserve reward than blame, and this both on account of the virtues of the Mayor, his wife and children, and of the courtesy which they have shown to the Archbishop and his company. It is thought Don Diego Azevedo, not knowing the real state of the case, has written in favour of other men to the Earl of Bedford, who on the last day when the Archbishop left, caused one of the sons to be apprehended. They are all sorry they hear nothing from the Court, or of her Majesty's army, or of what is done in Flanders. The Archbishop will write to the Cardinal, therefore Figueroa does not. [Translation. Two pages.]
July 26.
812. Bernardo [de Fresneda], Archbishop of Toledo, to Queen Mary. Had hitherto refrained, while here with the Regent Figueroa, from giving her Majesty an account of their voyage, because he had written to the Cardinal, by whom he knew she would be apprized thereof. But having been a third time compelled to return by reason of contrary winds, he cannot but do so. The third time when they attempted to sail, which was on Thursday the 21st, they met four French rovers three leagues from this port, who at first fled when chase was given, but afterwards followed them for two days, until they were driven back. Here they remain, seeking to strengthen the fleet with some ships of war, as they understand that a number of French rovers have united, knowing the merchandise and property of his Majesty with which the vessels are freighted. Had they been nearer London, they would have requested her to order the Admiral to give them an escort until they reached the Spanish seas, for thereto he was commanded by his Majesty, who also gave him a letter to the Admiral; but the distance being too great, they are in treaty to hire certain Easterling hulks that have arrived here for their convoy. Has heard here of the ill treatment of the Marquis of Verlanga when he came this way. The Mayor of the town seems a respectable man, and has promised to see justice done in this matter of the Marquis'. Killigrew's brothers are his enemies, so knows not on what information the Earl of Bedford has committed his son to ward for that matter. Requests that he may be set at liberty, as he thought the Mayor would rather have been rewarded by her Majesty for what he had done in her service.
P.S.—The Mayor desires to rebuild this house, which was put down in King Edward's time, which will be much to the service of God and her Majesty. If she gives him licence to do so, he says he will. [Spanish. Three pages.]
Translation of the preceding. [One page and a half.]
July 28. 813. Queen Mary to the Eschevins and Council of Antwerp. Recommending Anthony Hussey, Governor of her merchants, and asking a speedy decision in the suit of James Hawes, citizen of London, against Stephen Wouters, citizen of Antwerp, now in dependence. [Latin. Copy. One page.]
July 28. 814. Same to the Duke of Sleswick. Recommends to his favour the English merchants who now go, in consequence of his letter of 1st January, to visit and inspect the parts of his dominions therein indicated. [Latin. Copy. Half a page.]
[1558. July.] 815. The charge per month of a regiment of 3,200 foot-men and their officers, counting to every ensign 400 foot-men, and in every ensign 100 gunners, 150 armed pikes, and 150 pikes, with the entertainment of the colonel and all the high officers, averaging each at 4s. 2d; in all, 4,680l. 16s. 8d. [Half a page. Indorsed "The charge of certain Almain soldiers."]