Mary: January 1554

Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Mary 1553-1558. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1861.

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'Mary: January 1554', Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Mary 1553-1558, (London, 1861), pp. 44-54. British History Online [accessed 23 June 2024].

. "Mary: January 1554", in Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Mary 1553-1558, (London, 1861) 44-54. British History Online, accessed June 23, 2024,

. "Mary: January 1554", Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Mary 1553-1558, (London, 1861). 44-54. British History Online. Web. 23 June 2024,

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January 1554

1553–4. Jan. 1.
123. Thomas Gresham to the Council. Recapitulates the amounts sent home on the 24th December by his servant Francis de Tomazo, on the 28th December by his servant John Sprytewell, and on the 31st December by his servant William Bendlowes, in all amounting to 8,787l. 2s. 6d. Trusts to send the rest shortly, when his servants return; waits the bonds of her Majesty and the City for the rest of the 20,000l. which he has borrowed and intends to send by Sir John Masone. The exchange has fallen to 21s. 8d. in consequence of the reports he has already mentioned, and doubtless if they proceed therein it will fall to 20s., in which case it were better for the Queen and realm to have given 100,000l. besides the great loss she shall thereby receive, for thereby all his devices will be clean frustrated. There will be little more money to be had before the pay ments of the "Colde market" on the 20th or last day of February. If any offer of money be made him to be received, then he intends to arrange to make repayment one year from the day of receipt. To save trouble and expense, desires that a number of bonds be sent out for not more than 10,000l. each, with blanks for the merchants' name, the day of payment, and date, which he shall let in well enough; and he will engage to get money for them or get them returned. [Two pages. Indorsed by Petre.]
Jan. 1. 124. Philip Francis, Count Palatine, to Queen Mary. Congratulates her Majesty on her succession, requests to be retained in her service as he had been in that of her father and brother, and transmits by his secretary John Nauclerus his letters patent for renewal. [Latin. One page.]
Jan. 1.
125. Commission by Queen Mary to the Bishop of Winchester, the Earl of Arundel, Lord Paget, Sir Robert Rochester, and Sir William Petre, to treat of her Majesty's marriage. [Latin. Two pages. Copy. Indorsed by Cecil, "A Commission from Queen Mary to treat upon her marriage."]
Jan. 1.
126. Articles of the Treaty of Marriage between Philip, Prince of Spain, and Queen Mary, providing that the Prince shall be served by Englishmen exclusively. [Latin. Two pages. Copy.]
Jan. 1.
127. Abstract of the Treaty of Marriage between Queen Mary and the Prince of Spain. [Latin. Four pages and a half. Rymer, Vol. xv., 394.]
1554. [Jan. 1.] 128. Abstract of the Treaty of Marriage between Queen Mary and King Philip. [One page. Modern writing.]
1553–4. Jan. 5.
129. Commission from Philip, Prince of Spain, to Count Egmont, Lalaing, M. de Courrieres, Philip Nigri, and Simon Renard, to treat of the intended marriage between him and Queen Mary. [Latin. Three pages. Copy. Rymer, Vol. xv, p. 400.
Jan. 8.
[By mistake Dec.] Antwerp.
130. Gresham to the Council. In his letter of the 1st inst. certified to them that he had sent the Queen at three voyages 8,787l. 10s. 6d. Flemish. On the 7th received their letter of the 28th ult. with the bonds of her Majesty and the City of London for 20,000l. with the letters to the Ambassadors, which he forwarded same day in post. His servant had to wait for passage at Dover six days. On the 4th inst. concluded a bargain with the factors of Michael Deodati, merchant of Lucca, for 50,000 florins at 12 per cent., to be paid, half on the 25th inst. and half on the payments of the "Colde market," beginning 25th February, unless the Emperor prolong his payments, in which case on the 25th or the last of February. The bonds to be made in the same form as Tucker's in the name of Michael Deodati, to be paid 25th January 1555, according to the style here, for they change the date of the year upon New Year's day. The sum with interest will be 56,000 florins. Has sent by the bearer 18,000 French and Imperial crowns; not to break his commission in the passing through the search at Gravelines, sends with him his factor resident here, Richard Clough, who will pass an hour after him at Gravelines, and the bearer Francis, waiting for him at the Queen's turnpikes outside, will be taken by him to Calais. Trusts shortly to send the rest by Sir John Masone or otherwise. The rumour of the valuing the French crown and silver Spanish rial, and the calling down of the English base coin, being the sole cause of the sudden fall of the exchange, the news that the Council never intended such has sent it suddenly up again from 21s. 8d. to 22s. 4d. If the English ships laden with cloth arrive it will rise to 23s. These ships are richly worth 300,000l. Will ride or send to-morrow about the 10,000 Collen cleve staves to Peter Van Collen, who is at Mechlin very sore hurt in his hand with the shooting of a gun, and has lost two of his fingers. On hearing from him will advertise their Lordships whether they shall trust to them or not; because Collen is not the man himself, but has bought them of others, and because the bargain has been so long at winning fears now they will be hard to come by, by reason all the ditches and rivers are frozen, and he knows that as yet there are none at Dort, the place where they were appointed to be received. [Two pages. Indorsed by Petre.]
Jan. 9.
131. Dr. Wotton to the Council. On the 29th ult. had received their letter of the 23d, and on the following day had sent to know when he might speak with the Constable, who appointed him to dine with him on the morrow, being Sunday the last of the month. Details at much length their conversation, wherein the Constable protested with great animation his desire, as well as that of the King, for peace, and imputed both the cause of the war and the obstacles to peace to the Emperor, whose fashion of late is much to be wondered at, he having so disdainfully rejected all overtures made for that purpose by England and the Holy See. Aware from long experience of the blessings of peace, and alleging as personal reasons why he might well seek such, having a son, two nephews, and many friends prisoners in the enemy's hands, he nevertheless, rather than the King his master should offer anything that were not for his honour, would rather lose them all, and his own life also, than consent or counsel him thereto. Had promised to consider the matter with his Majesty and inform Wotton. Some days having elapsed, Wotton sent to the Constable next Saturday to know when he should receive his Majesty's reply, and was invited by him to dine next day. "But when I came thither, he sent to me, and prayed me to have him excused, and that he might not dine with me, for that the Bishop of Albi, brother to the Cardinal of Lorraine and to the Duke of Guise, having two or three days before received the red hat from Rome, made that day a dinner to the chief of the Court, where he had promised before to be at, and had forgotten it when he sent me word I should dine with him. Howbeit he caused my dinner to be prepared for me in the chamber where I lighted, and after dinner I was with him." Before declaring his Majesty's resolution, the Constable greatly lauded her Majesty, whom he said he had seen and known when in England, and upon his return to France had made such report of her virtues everywhere, that the Dauphin, this King's elder brother, hearing it, conceived such a favour and love towards her Highness, that he had earnestly determined never to have married other. The King takes her Majesty's offer to travail in this matter of peace in very good part, and if she pleases to act as mediator she may, but his Majesty is uneasy under the impression that either the Emperor will go about to persuade those at Rome, Venice, Sienna, and elsewhere that the motion of peace proceeds from his Majesty for fear of the Emperor, or that others abroad will believe so. His Majesty also considered a truce necessary before any terms of peace could be come to between them: that the Emperor being at war with his father had agreed upon a truce of ten years, which had been well kept, but now the Emperor had certain toys in his head. The King prepares fast for the wars, and specially for money. Men's plate he must have, whether all or a portion cannot well say, but it is taken that he only borrows it, assigning places for the repayment. The Pope has recently made four Cardinals, two being of his own young kinsmen, one for the Emperor, and the fourth is the Cardinal of Guise aforesaid. The Count of Mirandola has been at the Court these eight or ten days, and yesterday Duke Octavio Farnese was expected; their coming is supposed to be that they may know the King's mind what they shall do in summer. The Vidame has gone to his own home in Guienne, there, as he says, to tarry. The French have thought that one of the promises made by the Emperor in connexion with the Queen's marriage is, that the Prince of Spain shall take with him to England some Spanish troops, who with the English forces, shall attack Scotland, and shall be maintained by the Emperor until that kingdom is conquered. This probably may explain why they purpose to send the Vidame and soldiers to Scotland. The Queen of Scots now keeps a separate establishment to show that she is of age to govern. The Court leaves Fontainebleau for Paris, its return thither is uncertain. Some say the King will remain at Paris till Shrovetide, and then go to Compiegne to be nearer to the frontier; others say that he will then come to Fontainebleau. Sends one to the sea coast as desired. On Sunday received letters from her Majesty and their Lordships; cannot have audience till the King goes to Paris. The Constable talks as if he thought the Emperor is again sore sick, and "like to do shortly that thing which these men have so long looked for." [Ten pages.]
Jan. 10.
132. The Queen Regent of Flanders to Queen Mary. Recommending to her favour Pierre Copper, sent into Flanders last year by some members of the Council of King Edward VI., to provide arms and ammunition and transport them into England, and requesting permission for him to remove his family, now in England, into Flanders, where he has been retained by the Regent by consent of the Ambassadors of the late King resident at the Court of the Emperor, on her hearing of some engine of war which he possessed. [French. Broadside. Indorsed by Petre.]
Jan. 13.
133. Thomas Gresham to the Council. Had informed them in his letter of the 8th inst., sent by Francis de Tomazo, of the details of a bargain made with Michael Deodati, and had also sent 18,000 French and Imperial crowns amounting to 6,000l. Flemish by the said Francis to the Queen. Since that, has got into his hands in lieu of silver Spanish rials 15,000 French and Imperial crowns, and 7,000 Italian crowns. Sends inclosed three pieces. Intended to have made a great mass of gold against the coming of Sir John Masone. On the 12th inst. received letters from his factor John Elliot, informing him that the Council desired he would send home no more gold, but, according to his first devices, Spanish rials and bullion, and that he would write them his opinion as to the injury to the exchange consequent on their intended new valuing of the French crown. He can say no more than he has already said, a proof of which has been afforded by the effect of the mere surmise and rumour of their intention in causing a fall of the exchange; and now that it is known no such valuation was intended, it has suddenly risen again, and will rise still more when the ships laden with cloth arrive, which are worth 300,000l. or 409,000l. Gives reasons why the valuing of the crown will injure the exchange, and ultimately raise the price of commodities in England by causing an efflux of gold. Will keep the gold he has in hand by him until he hears further. It would be a good plan if all the gold he has sent and will send were brought into some stamp and coin of her Majesty and valued at 6s. 8d., and all gold excluded from the mint but that sent by the Queen; this would rob them here of their gold and secure her Majesty a present large profit in returning it by exchange, which he thinks will not fall by the alteration, provided silver be kept to its present standard. Doubts not then to convey home most of the gold here before a year be out, for 10,000l. in gold is better and speedier conveyed than 1,000l. in silver. Thinks they have as much need of gold at home as of silver, which is moreover easier to come at than gold. What he has to receive from the Lixshalls and Schetz he will bring in silver Spanish rials and send it by Sir John Masone, and bring the rest with him when he comes home in gold or silver. Has made a furnace and prepared to melt down all the Spanish rials he receives into bullion, which will be easier to pack. The passport, which is for bullion and not coin, he has heard from the Ambassador is drawn but not sealed. Has written to Peter Collen to come or write about the staves, but as yet has no answer. Intends to ride to him to-morrow, and then to Brussels to confer with the Ambassadors, &c. Andrew Lixshalls finds fault with his obligation by reason it is sealed with the late King Edward's seal, and he is not able to persuade him, as he has done Lazarus Tucker and Schetz, to be contented with it as it is, but has had to sign his bill here inclosed for a bond sealed with her Majesty's seal within 20 days, or else their Lordships and the Queen must certify that this is the seal with which she usually seals. [Four pages and a half. Inclosure, French. One page.]
Jan. 11.
134. Sir Conrad Penny [Pfening] to the Council. Requests that the promise made to his agent Suederus de Meltzede may be performed. [Latin. Two pages.]
Jan. 18.
135. Thomas Gresham to the Council. Recapitulates the points of his letter of 13th inst. As to Peter Van Collen, he went to England on the 16th inst. to make answer himself; thinks the bargain will not take place, nevertheless the merchants with whom he bargained are gone to Cologne to see what they can get for 18d. If the Queen's necessity presses, there is a man here with 2,000 or 3,000 at 20d., and not less. On the 16th inst. had a very profitable bargain proposed to him by three or four merchants of Geyne [Genoa] of 300,000 ducats, at 11 Spanish rials the ducat, to be received in Spain at the fair of Villalon, and paid at twelve months date in Antwerp at 6s. 5d. Flemish the ducat, which will make 96,250l. Flemish, to be transported from Spain to England at the Queen's risk, with licence from the Emperor. The melting and coining of these rials would be done at a profit, as they are of finer silver than the coin of her Majesty's mint. If within the year she makes over the money in exchange for commodities of her realm, which shall be transported by the merchants, she will make a profit at the rate of 2s. 6d. or 3s. in the pound, and gain thereby great honour and credit. This will be most gratifying to the Emperor, whose son she has accepted in marriage. Advises that the Queen should obtain passport for 400,000 or 500,000 ducats, which sum he doubts not to obtain upon the Bourse. Will ride post to receive and send away the money. At the fair of Villalon the payments always begin on the last of March, if the Emperor and the Prince there do not prolong the payments. If they do, the Queen must stand to the loss of the time, for no payment is made but in the fairs. Trusts to accomplish the business in his hands by the last of February, and to bring home the rest in gold or silver, completing his account, and trusting to receive his quietus est, so that his poor wife and children may know their own substance from the Queen's. The merchants are pressing for a speedy reply, therefore sends this letter in post by his servant Sprytewell.
P.S.—Has been to Brussels and conferred with their Lordships; finds that Sir John Masone only waits for an audience of the Emperor to take his leave. Intends to send 10,000l. or 12,000l. in Spanish rials by him. [Three pages. Indorsed by Petre.]
Jan. 21. 136. The Council to Thomas Gresham. Have received his letters of the 13th inst. As to the bargain with Deodati's agents, he shall receive herewith the bonds of the Queen, sealed with her own seal, and the bonds of the City for the same. If the persons who find fault with the bonds that they have received because they are sealed with the seal of the late King, (although that seal was the one usually employed in England, the new seal not being then made), will return their old bonds, they shall have new ones made under that of her Majesty. With regard to his doubt as to the coin to be sent home, a note of an assay taken both of gold and silver will be received herewith; after due consideration of which he is to send home whichever will be most profitable to the Queen. A schedule of coins of different countries is also sent herewith, and he is to set upon every coin how it is current in the country to which it belongs, and the price at which he thinks it will be most advantageous that the coin should be current at home. In writing to him to take up the whole of the 100,000l., her Majesty's meaning is to have that sum provided, over and above the money bargained for by Dawntesey; even if he shall have to pay 13 per cent. for it. 6,000l., the money brought over by Masone, is to be left at Calais for Sir Richard Cotton, towards the discharge of the Queen's debt there. If it be not contrary to the laws he may do as he pleases in regard to melting the Spanish rials, otherwise he is not to meddle with it, for her Majesty would be loth, having entered into so strait an amity with the Emperor, to be seen to break any law of his in so weighty a case, or to do therein otherwise than she would be done unto. He is not to send home past 200 or 300 of the demi-lances harness, as the Queen has been lately promised a good number of demi-lances otherwise. [Two pages and a half.] Inclose,
136. I. Notes of Assay, "A trial made for rials of plate "of Spain," and list of coins of various countries. [Three pages. Partly printed by Burgon, Vol. i., p. 161.]
Jan. 25.
137. Richard Shelley to the Council. As soon as he had obtained his passport he left Brussels on the afternoon of the 10th inst., and arrived on the 21st at the Postmaster's house in Vienna. Next morning Signor Menessa, a Spanish gentleman of the Red Cross, came to welcome him on behalf of his Majesty [the King of the Romans], and on the same day the Lord Marshal (who is the second man of the Privy Council) made the harbingers bring him to a fair lodging well hanged, where Signor Giovan Battista Gastaldo, when he was his Majesty's lieutenant in Hungary, was wont to be lodged; and orders were given that they should not let him lack anything, or yet take any money of him in no wise. Heard that one Zerislao Pernistan, one of the King's Privy Chamber, had replied, to one of his friends who inquired of him whether the gentleman that was arrived out of England came to bid any of this Court to the marriage, or to intreat a marriage between the Archduke of Austria and the Lady Elizabeth, "I cannot tell, but I heard the King himself say that there should come shortly another greater here out of England." Before noon of the 24th, was informed by the Secretary Van Der Aa, who dined with him, as do daily some gentlemen of the Court, that about 4 o'clock the Lord Marshal would send a horse and men to wait upon him to the Court, as he should then have audience of his Majesty. At that hour the Commendator Menessa accompanied him thither, which he found full furnished, and he was met at the Privy Chamber door by Guzman, the Chief Gentleman of the chamber, who was in England, and by him shown the King, who stood not under, but by his cloth of estate. Offering to kiss his hand, which his Majesty would in no wise accept, he delivered his credentials and instructions, and observed that while he was speaking, the King used three times notable countenances,—1. When he touched the Queen's yielding to hear the Emperor's advice and overture. 2. When he touched his Majesty's advice for her accepting of the Prince of Spain; and, 3. When he touched his Majesty's offering the Archduke, in case the former talk of the said Prince took not effect; "and in this mean time, his Majesty both signed and spake three or four times to have me put on my cap, which I presumed not to do." In reply his Majesty said that the offer of his son the Archduke had been only conditional, in event of the talk of the most excellent Prince his nephew, whom he thought the meetest, not taking place; that as for his good remembrance to her Majesty he only did his duty, taking her adversity or prosperity always to be his own; and that the alliance between her and his nephew should be the great surety of the houses of England and Austria, and consequently a benefit to all Christendom, and to him as joyful as if it had been with his own son. His Majesty expressed great reverence and regard for the Emperor, fratres sibi omni honore colendissimi; also that the Queen had yielded her unwillingness to marry, in respect of her calling to so honest and earnest a suit of her loving subjects, whom she had in so short a time brought to a marvellous conformity; and said that well she may be thought a great Princess that is so well assured of her subjects' affection, as by these things appeared, and by the experience she had of one sort of them in her adversity, and for the great mercy she has used to the other. On taking his leave, there were at the door of the presence chamber, two of the King's own pages with torches, who brought him even to the Court gate, and there, delivering their torches to his men, went back again. Signor Menessa escorted him back to his lodging. He will now, in terms of his instructions, visit the King of Bohemia and the Archduke, who are both here, preparing in joy of the new alliance a great triumph of jousts, tourneys, and barriers, which he perceives the King is willing to have him see ere he departs. These triumphs are to end on the 2d of February, when he will return with all diligence. [Two pages and a half.]
Jan. 26.
138. Dr. Wotton to Queen Mary. On the 7th had received her Majesty's letter of the 30th December, together with that from the Council, but the Court being then removing, he could not have audience till the King came to Paris, where the Ambassadors Resident are not used to be lodged by the King's furriers or harbingers, but every man seeks out such a lodging as he can get meet for him. Could not procure a lodging sooner than the 15th, on which day he came to Paris, but fell sick of an ague, a pain in his head, and a catarrh, which he thought by diet and abstinence to overcome in a few days. As it chanced not so, he called in a physician, whose advice he followed, but finding no immediate relief or any prospect of being able to go to Court for eight or ten days, he considered it advisable to write his mind to the Constable on the 24th, with her Majesty's letter, requesting him to deliver it to the King and apologize for his non-appearance. In the afternoon Secretary Bochetel waited upon him. Details their conference on the subject of a treaty and the marriage. The King offers him the attendance of the Court physician. During his illness a report has been spread that the passages were stopped in England because her Majesty was either dead or dying; cannot imagine how such fable has risen, unless it be according to the old saying,—Facile credimus, quod cupide credimus. All the naval officers have been summoned, and the majority have already arrived. The common saying here is, that the Prince shall be met withal, whatsoever come of it. Proclamation on the coasts of Brittany, Normandy, and Picardy, that no ships of 60 tons or upwards shall put to sea until they know further of the King's pleasure. It is thought the King will remain here till Shrovetide, his chief errand being to raise money; this he does by the creation of new offices, and in Paris alone has created in the Parliament 30 new Councillors, each of whom pays for his office 4,000 crowns of the sun; all offices, even judicial, being bought in France. Understands that they have heard of the renewal of the old league with the Emperor, and are much offended by it; this alone likely to occasion a breach with France. Has not heard of any new succour sent by them arriving in Corsica; so that the Genoese are likely to take St. Fiorenzo, if the French do not aid it. The intelligence regarding Cardinal Pole he learned from the Venetian Ambassador, who has very good intelligence in this Court; will endeavour to learn more certainty of it. Sentence at last is given in the merchants' causes for five ships: the Margaret Bonaventure, the Hart of Bristol, the Mary Fortune, the Barbara, and the Greyhound, in the case of the first adverse, against reason as he thinks, in that of the remaining four favourable. But they only allow the cost price of the goods, and though they pretend to give interest, they join that and the freight together, so that what they allow for both, is scant as much as the freight comes to. In other points, likewise, the merchants think themselves aggrieved by the sentences. [Five pages.]
Jan. 26.
139. Dr. Wotton to Secretary Sir William Petre. Sends a declaration whereby may appear the degrees of consanguinity and affinity between her Majesty and the Prince of Spain; but remembering the saying of his friend Will. Somers, refers it to those who understand pedigrees better. Wherefore suggests that the heralds at home shall examine it; and that it be considered further whether the Queen or Prince has ever been ensured to any within the fourth degree of the other; for any of these cases make publicœ honestatis justitiam. Such, though not esteemed or material in England, yet by the marriage taking place they will have to do with other nations who regard these things, and therefore should consider the danger likely to ensue from it, if any of other nation were subsequently to allege the marriage was invalid for want of a sufficient dispensation. Trusts that the gift of the preacher's rooms at Canterbury, now void, will not be taken from him, to whom it belongs, and entitle the Queen to it "by a thing called the King's prerogative, who is cousin-german to the præmunire." It is said that the Emperor requires hostages of the Queen for the safeguard of the Prince while in England; which, whether true or not, sounds not most to the honesty of that poor country. Thinks it will be hard to avoid war with France because of this marriage, and therefore wishes to be recalled. [Two pages and a half. Printed, partially, by Tytler, Vol. ii., p. 283.]
Jan. 27.
140. Peter Vannes to Sir William Petre and Sir John Bourne. They daily look at Venice for confirmation of the marriage concluded by the Ambassadors at Brussels, in the declaration of which or anything else will order himself according to the commandment of the Council. [One page. Indorsed by Petre.] Inclosing,
140. I. Advertisements from divers places:—It is written from Milan and Genoa that, notwithstanding the Genoese camp about San Fiorenzo, the French had found means to send some small refreshing into the town. All their trust was in the arrival of reinforcements that were looked for out of France, to stop which Andrea Doria was making great preparations by sea and land. It is written from Rome that great diligence was used in the preparation of the French army at Marseilles to the number of 38 gallies, one galeon, and three ships, and 18 ensigns of foot were appointed to be ready to be sent to Corsica, and money and men had arrived in Piedmont to pay and replace them. The marriage between the nephew of the Bishop of Rome and the daughter of the Duke of Florence was reckoned as concluded; with a league, it is said, between the Bishop, the Emperor, and the Duke for an enterprise against Sienna. It is written from the Court of the King of the Romans of an agreement between the Turk and the King of Persia, on account of which the King of the Romans intended to hold a diet to consult what preparations should be made in case of any future attack by the Turk upon Hungary, in consequence of this agreement. [One page and a quarter.]
Jan. 30.
141. M. de Noailles to M. de Senarpont, captain of 50 men-atarms and Governor of Boulogne. His messenger Nicolas, whom he had sent to his Majesty, has been arrested at Rochester and his letters taken from him. Requests to be informed if he has heard of La Marque whom he sent to his Majesty on the 15th of this month, and of Louis, another of his people, whom he sent since that date. [French, chiefly in cipher. One page.]
Jan. 31.
142. Thomas Gresham to the Council. Since writing his letter of the 18th inst. has received their's of the 13th and 21st inst. Has since received, by order of Sir Wm. Dansell, five pieces of silver, weighing above 329 marks. Has been at Brussels to confer with the Queen's Ambassador for the receipt of the gunpowder, which is granted, but the Ambassador thinks there is not so much ready; licence for the 3,000 Collen cleves is also granted, but not yet got out. Received there her Majesty's bonds of 50,000 florins, under her own seal, on the 30th inst., and has delivered her message to the merchants who find fault with their bonds; these say they have nothing to do in England, and having paid the money, fear the loss of the bonds if they send them over; prays consideration therein, for now they know there is a new seal, they will never leave molesting him till they have the like. Will make sure of the old bonds before he gives up the new. Sends note of the assays, with his reply to the questions proposed to him upon it, and the list of prices of coins. The loss in sending home the money in gold and silver will be less than in transmitting it by exchange. Intends converting all his silver rials into French and Imperial crowns and philippines, for gold is easier to convey than silver. Begs them to send him the assay of the Emperor's rial, worth 11s. here, and costing 1 per cent. Will try to take up at interest 100,000l., in pursuance of the Queen's command. Will send by Masone 10,000l.,— 7,000l. in gold and 3,000l. in silver,—Spanish rials. 6,000l. shall be left at Calais with Sir John [Richard] Cotton. Touching the melting down of the silver Spanish rials, as long as he can send home gold as profitably as now, he will not attempt it. If the Emperor has made any law against it, will follow her Majesty's order therein. Detection would be his ruin, such being the extremity of their laws here. Has bought the 1,000 demi-lances at 50s. a piece, and fears he cannot sell them again, for it is a merchandise which pertains to princes and magistrates, never sold but to order, and seen about once in three or four years. It is better in England than any treasure, and will pay for them lying there. Will send the blocks of silver by Masone. There is news come that the commons are up in Kent under Sir Thos. Wyat. His servant, Sprytewell, the bearer, was stayed by the way with threatening words. Will forbear sending home more money till further orders. Desires to know if the bargain of the 100,000 ducats shall take place. Subjoins a list of prices current of coins; at which, if they be valued by the Council, the exchange would fall to 20s.; if valued at all, the Emperor and his subjects would think they desired to rob them of their treasure, and so strict wait be laid at the search and tolls that no man could pass, the law being such that for every pound taken 10l. is forfeited, and the culprit's body is at the Emperor's pleasure, if the offence be detected within seven years. Advises therefore that all be brought in to the Queen's own stamp. Has received the 12,000 ducats that Mr. Parker delivered. The man that brought the Collen staves at 20d. is not in town; as soon as he comes, will be in hand with him. [Six pages. Indorsed by Petre. The portion relating to the coins, their valuation, and risk attendant on their transmission, printed by Burgon, Vol. i., p. 476.]
Jan. 143. Points submitted to the Council by the Emperor's Ambassador, for his information touching the landing of the Prince of Spain, such as the places of debarkation and marriage, where his retinue shall be quartered, &c. [French. One page and a quarter. With notes, autograph of Petre.]