Elizabeth: November 1573

Pages 436-444

Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Elizabeth, Volume 10, 1572-1574. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1876.

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November 1573

Nov. 3. 1216. [Coels] to the Queen.
1. A long letter full of the most exaggerated flattery, in which the writer desires that she will have some consideration for him for losses sustained at Malines through the Spaniards.
2. Protests his great devotion to the welfare of her realm, and amongst other services states that Dame Margaret Stanley can bear witness to the information which he sent from Malines at the time when the Count of Feria sought to cause "la divorsion," for which the unfortunate Calderon suffered death.—Cologne, 3 Nov. 1573. Signed.
Add. Fr. Pp. 4½.
Nov. 3. 1217. Pietro Bizarri to Lord Burghley.
1. The King of Poland will come by Metz through Germany. The death of the Duke of Prussia without heirs is likely to produce troubles.
2. The fleet of the King of Spain has gone to attack Tunis, and that of the Turks has sailed towards the Levant. The Huguenots of Languedoc have taken many towns and castles, and amongst others two places in Avignon. M. de Foix has been sent from the King of Poland to the princes of Italy and the Venetians. This day the new Bishop of Augsburg made his entry with a train of 400 horsemen and many of the nobility.—Augsburg, 3 Nov. 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Ital. P. 1.
Nov. 7. 1218. —to Giacomo Spinola.
Venice, 7 Nov. 1573.—News of the movements of the Turkish fleet. Death of the poet Count Hercole Bentivoglio.
Add. Endd., with seal. Ital. P. 1.
Nov. 7. 1219. Advices.
Rome, 7th November 1573.—Great booty of oil, wool, and other merchandize at the taking of Tunis. Movements of troops. Birth of a monster at Bagnocavello. Rumour of the intended marriage of Don John with a princess of Lorraine.
Vienna, 31 Oct. 1573.—News from Transylvania.
Ital. Pp. 3½.
Nov. 11. 1220. Pietro Bizarri to Lord Burghley.
1. The Pope is very much incensed at the loss of his places in Avignon.
2. The French King has sent his Swiss troops against the Huguenots, who have taken many towns and fortresses in different parts of France, and are daily increasing in numbers. It is reported that there is great jealousy between the Kings of France and Poland. The Duke of Prussia is alive, and is said to have married the sister of the Duke of Cleves. Understands that Dukes Christopher and Casimir, the sons of the Elector Palatine, have publicly admitted that they were the authors of the destruction of the gunpowder, which they would justify before the Emperor. Don John is said to have taken Tunis, but the fleet under Andrea Doria has been prevented by storms from joining him. Don Alvaro de Sandes, governor of Milan, has lately died. The treasury at Venice is nearly empty, as they have spent in the Turkish war 3,600,000 crowns.—Augsburg, 11 Nov. 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Lat. Pp. 1¼.
Nov. 12. 1221. Thomas Morgan to Lord Burghley.
The rumour of the Duke of Alva being in Amsterdam straitly used by the burghers is but according to the old use prognostications of his victories. There is no better likelihood but that this state will be much weakened through the ill government and unskilful dealings in their martial affairs. The Hague, a very fair and pleasant unwalled town, was by the advice of M. de St. Aldegonde begun to be fortified, for the guarding whereof were placed five ensigns Dutch and one Walloon, who upon intelligence of the enemy's coming retired to Delft without resistance. The enemy, who are 4,000 strong under Julian Romero, are entrenched at a stone bridge half way between the Hague and Delft, and have cut off the passage between that town and Leyden. The Prince has burnt the houses outside the walls of Delft towards the Hague, together with a fair mansion house which might very well have been kept with 200 men, and much annoyed the enemy. Maesland Sluice, which was begun also to be fortified, was lost on the 4th inst., together with a very pretty fisher town called Ulerdingh, for the said six ensigns which came from the Hague fled immediately upon sight of the enemy and left the place, which 300 men might well have kept against 1,000. There was taken by the enemy M. de St. Aldegonde and 130 soldiers, and now they are in great possibility to do much hurt upon the Maes, and to visit the islands for his provisions. The Prince's camp is broken up by reason that Holland did not victual them sufficiently; they have left the trenches before Middleburg, and at their departure the enemy pursued them. The Prince about the 6th October sent for Morgan, and willed him to make up his accounts, for that he was determined to discharge him, as there were others who would serve him better cheap. Accordingly he made them up and exhibited them on the 13th October, since which time he has been kept here through the delays and the uncertain answers of the States and the Prince's commissioners. Complains of their unjust dealings and evil usage of the English. The companies which remain with him being between 500 and 600 strong are rather suffered to eat upon the poor inhabitants of Westmaes than now in this necessity employed. There is neither credit or profit to be gained here, such is their daily disobedience, divisions, and dishonourable dealings. Has with his friends and a great many good soldiers entered so far into the cause and seen so much that they would be very glad to save themselves, or to be some reasonable losers. Great and intolerable taxes have been raised and continually paid by the commons, and yet neither soldier or merchant has been satisfied. M. de Poyet has been evil used by the Governor of Flushing, and the Walloons in Zealand do much grudge at the Frenchmen. Julian Romero lies still at the Hague, and has sent divers letters to the Prince, and requires earnestly to talk with him. The Grave Vander Mark [Count de la Mark] is prisoner at the Rammekins, and the Walloons and seamen murmured much thereat, saying that the Prince and the States do him wrong.—Delft, 12 Nov. 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 3.
Nov. 12. 1222. The Prince of Orange to Walsingham.
Has information that certain Italians under pretence of making a voyage for their affairs into Ireland are equipping ships in England for the service of the King of Spain in order to join with the ships at Antwerp for the relief of Middle burg; he therefore desires that he will procure the Queen to forbid these practices in her realm, which are so prejudicial to the cause. Delft, 12 Nov. 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Fr. P. 1.
Nov. 12. 1223. Ferniehurst to Sir John Forster.
Since his last writing not only the town of Jedburgh, but also the men of war that remain therein, daily cut and destroy his woods, harass his tenants, and slay his deer. Desires him to write to the Queen to get the men of war transported out of Jedburgh, for if his woods and deer be destroyed in this manner, it will force him to run another course for his relief, which he would be loth to do. 12 November. Signed.
Add. P. 2/3.
Nov. 13. 1224. The Regent of Scotland to Lord Burghley.
Looked for some more particular answers in the matters he delivered to Killegrew than as yet he has received, so is constrained newly to importune him specially for the discharge of the indent made touching the recompense of pieces, powder, and shot, and also to grant to the King some support of money and powder. Prays that commandment may be sent to the treasurer of Berwick to deliver the ordnance pertaining to the King which was in Home Castle; he has refused to deliver them without a new commandment as they are not marked with the King's arms; if this allegation were admitted, it would be difficult to prove the King's ordnance to be his as they were for the most part founded in the parts beyond sea. Is a suitor that Sir Simon Musgrave keeper of Bewcastle, whom he has always found honest and forward in the advancing of justice, may be granted the stewardship of Gillesland, now in the holding of Thomas Carlton, servant to the late Duke of Norfolk; the joining of the two offices would make him more strong and able to concur with the opposite officers, as he should be called upon, and would breed great quiet to the peaceable subjects of the Borders. Sends a copy of Robert Melvil's examination. Dalkeith, 13 November 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 12/3.
Nov. 13. 1225. Notes from Scotland.
The causes that induced the council and nobility to fear the French intentions to reduce Scotland to their absolute obedience in the Queen Regent's time were very diverse, and would "contain" a large volume if the matter were fully discoursed. Her pretence to have had an importable new exaction of all the subjects, as she spake to maintain the laws, so far proceeded as commandment passed to every parish to know the names and number of the inhabitants, and the value of their lands and goods. She sought to have had in her power the salt and coal throughout the whole realm, but her intents were resisted. The laws and "louable" customs were by her and the Frenchmen placed in the public offices changed and perverted, to the danger and unsurety of the lives and livings of divers noblemen, through the captious interpretation of the ancient assessments of their lands and privileges, driving all things to the French form, so that no man was certain or could conveniently dress his cause. Of the eight ambassadors that passed into France for the marriage of the Queen with the Dauphin, four with sundry gentlemen of their train were poisoned, as was supposed, and died at Dieppe. Some began to fear the French intentions towards the conquest of Scotland, seeing the arms of Scotland placed directly under the arms of France on the right side as a purchase, hearing therewith that the Dauphin's ambassador had made homage to the Pope for the kingdom of Scotland, howbeit nothing was granted to him but the crown matrimonial. The travails for the marriage of the King's father, then Lord Darnley, are thought chiefly to have proceeded of the Earls Murray and Athol, being both of surname Stewarts, and desirous to have one of the same race and name matched with the Queen, but the circumstances thereof are not fully known, but may best be declared of Margaret, Countess of Lennox, of any now living. That the Queen sought the crown of England after Queen Mary's death cannot be verified in the registers and records of Scotland; it is true at her homecoming a great quantity of her plate was marked with arms, bearing quarterly the arms of England, and some clothes broidered with the same arms. Robert Melvil's declaration of his knowledge of the Queen's marriage with the Duke of Norfolk is written with his own hand; if it fully satisfy not, he shall be inquired thereupon anew. Touching the lands and offices Lethington had of the Scottish Queen, he had the office of chief secretary, when he was placed in the Queen Regent's government, which was worth one thousand Scottish marks by the year; he had Strathnairn and Cullard of the Laird of Findlater, when Findlater was restored to his living after the death and execution of John Gordon, and the same lands were given to the Earl of Murray for his lands in Cunninghame. The lands of Cunninghame were by Lethington given to the Laird of Bass for sundry parcels in Lothian. He had the feu of the temporal lands of the Abbey of Haddington and the abbey itself, which the Earl of Bothwell coming into credit dispossessed him of. He had two parts of the lands of Bolton in Lothian, and the lands of Dernik in feu of the Abbot of Melrose. He had the priory of Coldinghame to his brother John Maitland. His father, himself, his brother, and his cousin Robert were lords of the session, and his cousin was Dean of Aberdeen and one of the Commissioners of Edinburgh. Bothwell having spent his whole patrimony, was made lieutenant-general over all the Borders; he got the Abbey of Melrose, the Abbey of Haddington, the castle and lordship of Dunbar, he was made captain of Edinburgh Castle, and Duke of Orkney . . . . . . . . . . . he had delivered to him of the Queen's jewels worth twenty or thirty thousand crowns.
Dated and Endd. by Burghley. Mutilated. Pp. 2¼.
Nov. 14. 1226. —to Giacomo Spinola.
1. Venice, 14 Nov. 1573.—Great festivities and banqueting at Venice.
2. Quarrel between two gentlemen. Return of Soranza from Spain. Doubt of the departure of the King of Poland for his dominions. Delay of the Turk in ratifying the treaty.
Add. Endd., with seal. Ital. P. 1.
Nov. 16. 1227. Robert Ardern to Lord Burghley.
Thinks it his bounden duty to advertise him of the great abuses and untrue dealings by merchant strangers being Scots, as also by some Englishmen, who daily convey over the dry Marches sundry kinds of commodities not answering the customs liable for the same, besides the unlawful trades in conveying horses, tanned leather, and raw hides into Scotland. By reason of the amity between England and Scotland, and disliking between France, Flanders, and the same countries, the trade is much more frequent than heretofore. It may therefore please him to direct commission whereby remedy may be provided. Has since Michaelmas procured sundry of the garrison to be secretly upon the frontier to intercept such as he had intelligence used the trade, who have lighted upon some petty merchants, but the great ones for want of full authority have escaped. If he took such order that the trade of merchandise pass only through this port according to the ancient statute, the customs will be much more profitable.— Berwick, 16 Nov. 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1¼.
Nov. 18. 1228. Pietro Bizarri to Lord Burghley.
1. Arrival of Don John of Austria at Tunis, which he found deserted. Fortification at the Goletta and capture of Biserta. The Turks have fortified Navarino, where they have left 40 galleys.
2. The Pope is making warlike preparations to go into Avignon against the Huguenots. The Duke of Prussia has recovered from his sickness and married the sister of the Duke of Cleves. Certain envoys on their return towards Poland have been attacked and plundered by reiters near the Abbey of Fulda. The Elector of Saxony has called together all his colonels and captains at Torgau.—Augsburg, 18 Nov. 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Ital. Pp. 2.
Nov. 18. 1229. Dr. Valentine Dale to Lord Burghley.
1. Has spoken with the Marshal de Retz of the coming of Mr. Randolph. The King has taken such a cold in hunting, that he is compelled to remain at Vitri in a little unhandsome inn, looking daily for the Queen Mother and the King of Poland, who came not till the 8th. Their stay was difficultas rei nummariæ. Men were hardly induced presently to disburse such great sums, the most provision was made among the merchant Italians. The Queen Mother had to furnish very richly six chambers for the King of Poland. Suddenly there was a rumour spread of the death of the Queen, but sent to the Court and reported it to be untrue. Despatched one to Rouen who brought letters and good news. By means of these things there was slender provision made for Mr. Randolph. Cauriana, a Florentine physician, has sent to the Queen a history in Latin; has never seen anything so well written of the French matters in this age. Touching the negotiations of Mr. Randolph, the Marshal de Retz is appointed to accompany the king elect to Poland, so they are constrained to go to Metz to treat with the Queen Mother, else they should want the Marshal's presence. There is no outward appearance of the pox upon the King, but he is very pale and weak, and his flesh much fallen away.—Vitri le Brusle, 18 Nov. 1573. Signed.
2. P.S. Understands how much he is bound to him touching the Deanery of Wells. For the archdeaconry of Surrey, if the Queen might please he should keep it for some time for his service here, she should find it employed in her service, with all he can make besides. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 3.
Nov. 20. 1230. The Marshal de Retz to Lord Burghley.
Thanks him for his good remembrance of him, which he earnestly desires occasion to return. Refers him for all matters to the bearer, who will acquit himself favourably therein.—Nancy, 25 Nov. 1573. Signed.
Add. with seal. Endd. Fr. P. ¾.
Nov. 20. 1231. Catherine de Medici to the Queen.
Has received her letters by Mr. Randolph. Touching the traffic of merchants and other matters, refers her to his sufficiency to make full report thereon. Nancy, 20 Nov. 1573. Signed: Caterine. Brulart.
Add. Endd. Broadside.
Nov. 21. 1232. Sir Valentine Browne to Lord Burghley and Sir Walter Mildmay.
Yesterday received their letter of an information by Mr. Lichfield that by virtue of the Queen's warrant he received in the second year of her reign 273l. for the taking of the accounts of officers and others then in these parts, whereof it is supposed he had 158l. more than he ought to have done, for that at the same time he was appointed treasurer of the field towards Leith. What special sums he received are out of his memory, and so are his particular travails, wherein he hopes that, his clerks that had charge under him being dead, this answer may be accepted. True it is he was ordered to repair to these parts as an auditor, and was afterwards commanded to the service of the field, being another function, continuing his other office of auditorship all that whole year. If either of his clerks were living, or his books, abstracts, or other documents in his hands, he could make it evident that they did try, cast, and examine all the books, and hereabouts they gave attendance upon the Court of Prests and the auditors above a year. Trusts he shall be favourably heard, as he did not receive so long as he and his clerks lay thereupon. It is further informed by Mr. Lichfield that being appointed to be treasurer for Leith did take 30s. more per diem than the Queen's warrant allowed him, amounting to 240l.; he did not presume to take or enter into his books any penny more of allowance than the Queen assigned him; he calls to mind finding his charges in that place far to surmount the strict allowance, and that he did make petition to have such allowances as the treasurers for the field in France or Scotland formerly had, and the allowance was given him after report made to the Queen of his travail and petition, which, in his opinion, is taken to be of as great validity as if it had passed by warrant under the Great Seal. By the great hurt done to the old walls of the town by great rages of fresh water and tempests from the sea, the prison is so undermined that it is now abandoned, and about 100 poles so undermined as it is in great danger to fall, and so let the sea into the storehouses and lower parts of the town. If it fall 10,000l. will not set it up, and that in long time; so prays that Johnson the surveyor may be dispatched with speed, with direction of his opinion for repairing the same. The Regent has received letters from the Prince of Orange for aid of more men of war, which he will do with all speed; he has caused Black Ormiston, who was the chief slaughterer of the late king, to be apprehended, with divers others outlaws, upon whom he minds to execute justice; he is yet upon the Borders and keeps courts of oyer.—Berwick, 21 November 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
[Nov.] 1233. Revenue Accounts.
Accounts of money received at various times by Sir Valentine Browne from the treasuries of Northumberland and York.
Endd. by Burghley. Pp. 2.
Nov. 25. 1234. Pietro Bizarri to Burghley.
Proceedings at Tunis. The King of Spain makes earnest request to the Pope to remove Cardinal Borromeo from Milan. M. de Foix is at Venice waiting for a new commission from the King. The Pope refuses to receive him or to appoint him Cardinal until he clears himself of certain past matters with the Inquisition. It is reported that the King of Spain has recalled Don John for the purpose of sending him into Flanders as governor.—Augsburg, 25 Nov. 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Ital. P. 1.
Nov. 1235. Occurrents in France.
They of Paris have made a restraint that no wine shall pass down the river to Rouen, and they of Rouen that no corn shall pass to Paris. Don John of Austria is advertised that the fortifications of Tunis are but weak, the garrisons but slender, and the soldiers ready to rebel against the King. It is confirmed that the nephew of the Bishop of Posonia was robbed in his return towards Poland. There is some difficulty about the sureties the King of Poland should put in that his train should make no spoil as he passes through Germany. The deputies of Dauphiny and Languedoc were dismissed till the return of the King to Compeigne, but with so little hope of reformation that they of the country have taken in the meantime a town called Orange. Duke Ferdinand the emperor's brother sent 15 cartloads of powder to the Duke of Alva, which was met on the way and set on fire by certain Almains. Pp. 1½.
Nov.–Dec. 1236. Advices.
1. Vienna, 23 Nov. 1573.—The Commissaries of the Emperor have taken possession of the Castle of Finale. The Turks are content to have peace with the Emperor. From Cassovia they learn that the Turkish camp is breaking up.
2. Venice, 12 Dec. 1573.—M. de Foix will be ambassador at Rome for the King of Poland. The French King will hold a general council of his nobility, both Catholic and Huguenot, to put an end to the troubles in his realm. Arrival of Giovanni Andrea Doria at Genoa with 17 galleys. News from Avignon, Dauphiny, and Antwerp.
Ital. Pp. 3⅓.