Index: F

Pages 701-713

Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Elizabeth, Volume 18, July 1583-July 1584. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1914.

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Falia, Martin de la, captains who have eaten a la posenta of, 642.

Famagusta or Arsinoe, former bishop of. See Ragasoni.

Fano, in Italy, travellers to, 464.;

Farelee [qy. Farley in Kent], officers of the port of, order to, 185.

Farnese, Alexander, Prince of Parma, at the camp before Dunkirk, 2;

said to be going to besiege Ghent, 5;

appointments made by, vex the Malcontents, 10;

at Tournay, 10, 174, 195, 196, 278;

sends captured letters to the French King, 17;

a merciful prince, 18;

hopes to take most of the coast towns of Flanders, 20;

Dunkirk received to mercy by, 21;

intended movements of, 23;

Nieuport surrenders to, 23, 24;

marches to Ostend, 23;

intends to besiege Sluys, 24;

sends proposals to the “Four Members” 25;

retires from Ostend, 30;

sends offers to Bruges, 33;

movements of, 35, 39, 50, 69;

exempts the towns of Flanders from garrisons, 50;

supplies to be sent to, 55;

his good progress in Flanders, 55, 66;

has been to Menin, 69;

present to, “for getting so many towns in so short a time” 69, 74;

future movements of, 74;

has the churches in Flanders set in order, 77;

puts Spaniards and Italians in the towns and keeps the Walloons in the field, 81;

the new Elector of Cologne seeks help from, 90;

means to besiege Alost, ibid.;

makes great offers to Ypres, 100;

sends succour into Artois, 107;

an Englishman going from, into Spain, 108;

in relation to Daniel Rogers, 110, 538–540;

his attitude to the Electors of Cologne, 111;

to have the title of Governor and Lieut.General, 113;

report that he is to be governor of Portugal, 123;

desired not to meddle with Cologne, 126;

Ghent may come to terms with, 127;

raises the siege of Ypres, 137, 140, 141, 144;

at or going to Eccloo, 139, 140, 144, 183, 186, 193, 194, 219, 278, 472;

negotiations of Ghent with, see Ghent;

negotiates with Axel, 144;

lacks money, 145;

said to have been admitted into Cambray, 162;

friendly dealings of, win the hearts of the people, 174;

has failed to get Ghent, 176;

the King of Spain has written to, for the exchange of La Noue and de Selle, 183;

his fair promises, 189;

may have more trouble in retiring from Flanders than in coming into it, 193;

imprisons the bailiff of Waes, 194;

gives only “hard words” in reply to a demand for men and money, 202;

sends troops to the Bishop of Liége, 208;

a youth with, 209;

Haultepenne sends to consult with, 211;

reported to be going to leave the Low Countries, 215, 278, 310, 326, 367, 379;

has some enterprise in hand, 219;

sends renewed offers to Bruges, 220;

views the country near Sluys, 236;

is fortifying Eccloo, 237;

Alost delivered to, 238;

his offers to Bergen, 242, 256;

parleys with the soldiers at Bergen, 253;

daily “invades deeper” into the country, 255;

“discord” of, with La Motte, 270;

command given to the Earl of Westmorland by, 278;

letters sent to, intended to be intercepted, 302;

resolutions of those at Antwerp betrayed to, 324;

licences from, alluded to, 368;

Mendoza said to be with, 374;

movements of, 375;

commanders who would probably not serve under, 378;

large offers made by, 382;

the deputies of Flanders must go to Tournay to treat with, 383;

towns yielded to, his procedure with, 383;

has made Hembyse governor at Ghent, 401;

deputies from Ghent visited by, ibid.;

his reply to the Prince of Chimay, 403;

measures taken against, on the French frontiers, 423;

plot to deliver Dermonde to, ibid.;

terms offered by, to Ypres, 425;

forbids his soldiers to misuse the country people, 425;

consents that the Flemish deputies shall confer together, 426;

negotiations of, with the “Four Members” of Flanders, alluded to, 432, and see under Flanders and names of towns;

treaty of, with the “Four Members” in great forwardness, 433;

his courteous reception of commissioners from Flanders and Brabant, 447, 451;

will remain governor, 447;

greatly desires the peace, 448;

victuals stopped from going to, 453;

will not grant Religionsfriede, 459, 461, 484;

but only the pacification of Ghent, 460;

said to be going against Ostend, 466, 482;

peace with, begins to be disliked, 466;

is going to Eccloo, 472;

and to Bruges, 472, 482, 484;

expected action of, if Bruges does not agree to the treaty, 473;

money received by, from Spain, 482;

Bruges has agreed with, 484;

Scots colonel negotiates with, ibid.;

sends troops to Dermonde, 485;

declaration of, to those of Bruges, 487;

receives their acceptance, 488;

victuals should not be sent to, 497;

renewed offers of, to Ghent, 498;

signs the peace with Bruges, ibid.;

makes bulwarks before Ghent, 500, 520, 522;

is going to Bruges, 500, 522;

rumour that he will marry the King of Spain's daughter, 500;

situation of, in Flanders, 523;

one of the articles given by, to Bruges, mentioned, 523;

movements of, ibid.;

summons of, to towns of Flanders, 526;

only waits for troops and money to go into the field, 538;

Scots soldiers refuse to serve, 545;

is going before Brussels, 554;

boasts that he will soon have Ghent and Dendermonde, 560;

resolves to put a garrison into Bruges, 561;

treaty of, with those of Flanders, letter concerning, 568;

means to reside at Bruges, 569;

said to have ordered the murder of the Prince of Orange, 578;

at Beveren, 586, 595;

“required” by Marshal de Retz not to act against Cambray, 592;

large offers of, to Antwerp, 596;

has withdrawn into the Pays de Waes, 608;

is fortifying about Calloo, 615;

his lack of victuals, 622;

is expected to “threaten” Antwerp, 625;

reported promises of, to Balthazar Gerard, 627;

at Lillo, 635;

rumoured treaty between France and, concerning Cambray, 647;

“capitulations” of, with Ypres, 655;

articles of treaty of, with the Four “Members,” 656;

Sir T. Copley returning to, 657.

-, -, letter from, 495;

alluded to, 381.

-, -, letters to, 651, 653(?);

alluded to, 332.

-, -, camp of, 115, 423;

strength of, 23;

scarcity of provisions in, 36;

supplies sent to, from England, ibid.;

Marshal-general of, see Mondragon. And see Eccloo, camp at.

-, -, envoys to, from King Philip, 232;

ambassador sent by, to Monsieur, see Gougnies;

legate of, to Aix-la-Chapelle, 411;

officers sent to, 561;

commissioners of, treating with the Four Members, 656.

-, -, forces of, passim;

fights and successes of, 28, 70, 137, 195;

cruelty of, 70;

sent to aid the Bishop of Liége, 97, 150;

at Cambray, 154;

distribution of, 210;

defeated by Count Neuenaar, 241;

fresh, coming to, 303;

money sent for, from Spain, 460;

strength of, 477;

paid, 482;

to be withdrawn from Flanders, 482;

places burnt by, 569. And see Flanders and Low Countries, the enemy or Spaniards in.

-, -, kinsman of, taken prisoner, 520, 526.

-, -, negotiations of, with Monsieur. See Francis.

-, -, towns taken by or surrendered to. See Nieuport, Dunkirk, Bergues, Fume, Dixmude, Menin, Alost, Ypres, Bruges,

-, -, trumpet of, hanged, 100.

-, Alexander, Cardinal, uncle of the above, 99;

to be of the Spanish Council of State, 123;

wishes to secure the succession of his family, 209;

interview with, 210;

tries to obtain pardon for Signor Gaetano, 650.

-, Margaret, Duchess of Parma. See Margaret.

-, Odoardo, great nephew of the cardinal, is not to be a priest, 209.

-, Ottavio, Duke of Parma, complaints against and suspicions of, 55.

Faur, Guy de, Sieur de Pibrac, Monsieur's chancellor at Paris, 197;

death of, 522, 545.

-, -, a kinsman of, 37;

a man of, 162.

Fayal, succours from, for Terceira, 149.

Faye, M. de la, sends his services to Walsingham, 168.

Fécamp, 5;

the Duke of Guise and his company at, 57;

ships at, ibid.

Fénelon, La Mothe. See Salignac, Bertrand de.

Fentry, Fentre, David and James. See Graham.

Feodor, Czar of Russia, said to have lost his wits by means of his father, 558;

the nobles do not wish to receive as King, ibid.

Ferat Bassa, Turkish general, in Persia, 41, 180, 443;

movements of, 649.

Feria, the young Count of, in trouble with the Inquisition, 336.

Ferniehurst (Fanhurst), Laird of. See Ker.

Ferrara, travellers to, 19, 464, 650.

-, Duke of. See Este.

Ferret, a Scot named, 404.

Ferrier, Armand du, made chancellor to the King of Navarre and professes the reformed faith, 273;

at Nerac, 592.

Fervaques, Fervacques, M. de. See Hautemer.

Fête Dieu. See Corpus Christi.

Fez in Barbary, rumoured intention of Spain to invade, 440;

rich Jews in, 443;

battle of, Sebastian of Portugal supposed to have been killed at, 633.

-, King of, his hostility to Spain, 6;

a port given by, to the Sultan, 12, 154;

alliance of, with Spain, 349;

Turks will assist, if attacked by Spain, 440;

counsellors of, the Turkish admiral offers to remove, 443.

Fifer, Colonel. See Pfyffer.

Figeyro, Dom Lopo de, statements by, 123.

Finch, Edward, offers his services to Stafford, 198;

Stafford makes trial of, 231;

not known to Walsingham, 253.

-, -, letters from, 231, 232.

Firon, Captain Henriques, returned from the Terceiras, sent to the Duke of Parma, 653.

Fisher, Philip, list by, of Englishmen sent to the galleys, 301.

Fitzgerald, Gerald, Earl of Desmond, “death and taking” of, 336.

Fitzherbert and Aldred. See Aldred.

Fitzsimons, Dr., in Rome, 623.

Flanders, the Prince of Chimay to be governor of, 9;

English and Scots troops in, with the Malcontents, ibid.;

the King of Spain asked to send ships to, 20;

English and Holland forces sent into, 21;

“alterations” in, lamented, 24;

proposed entry of French troops into, 26, 81;

Jesuits' books to be dispersed in, 28;

forces in, disorder amongst, for want of pay, 30, 337;

will not receive Monsieur or the French, 33, 108;

the King of Spain may send a strong force against, 75;

has been kept by the Prince of Chimay from agreeing with the Malcontents, 81;

hopes for help from Germany, ibid.;

priests of, “practicing” in France, 97;

service in, enjoined as a penance, 99;

reconciliation with Spain, urged by the Catholics and opposed by the Protestants in, 137;

ill government of, 140, 263, 319, 337;

advertisements from, 143, 207, 220, 362, 561;

the garrison of Flushing go pillaging in, 144;

“the governor of the governor of,” 150;

affairs of, are in evil state, 152, 244;

estate in, spoiled by the enemy, 168;

applies in vain to Casimir, 169;

danger of the loss of, 169, 174, 375, 447, 482, 528;

troops sent into, from Holland, 186;

seeks the Prince of Orange's favour, 183;

freebooters in, 193;

frontiers or coast of, skirmishing on, 246;

the Spaniards are confident of gaining, 304;

Marquis of Santa Cruz said to be in, 324;

not ready for a campaign, 336;

ill-affected and vicious people in, ibid.;

villages in, burnt, 337;

little affection for Holland in, 354;

French troops believed to be intended for, 359;

a truce proclaimed in, 389;

those treating in, hope for the departure of the Spaniards, 390;

Monsieur wishes to prevent, from agreeing with the Malcontents, 426;

the Catholic religion may soon have free course in, 447;

protestant religion in, in danger, 456, 472;

Papists in, prepare to trim up their churches, 465;

those of the Religion depart from, 472;

articles of peace for, mentioned, 482;

scarcity and high price of victuals in, 550;

reasons for ending the war in, 568;

most part of, reduced to the King's obedience, 568;

a ferry in, 586;

coast of, ships captured on, 595;

is all “eaten up and consumed,” 629;

stranger soldiers to leave, 656.

-, cutting of the dykes and “drowning” of the country in, 21, 34, 41, 194, 196, 236, 363, 569, 595. And see Waes, Pays de.

-, the enemy in, forces of, passim;

successes of, 23, 66;

strength of, 25;

money for, borrowed by the King of Spain, 105;

overrun the country, 182;

keep quiet, 207, 220, 246, 261;

distribution of, 210;

measures to distress, 211, 473;

re-inforcements for, 303, 335, 379, 635, 650;

Spanish, to be withdrawn from, after its “full-getting,” 482;

waste and destroy, 504;

in great want of victuals, 550;

restraint of victuals from, would force them to withdraw, 561;

provisions forbidden to be carried to, 561, 566, 570, 595;

succoured by English ships, 615;

repulse of, 625;

“ll-paid and worse victualled,” 629;

will be masters of all unless Ghent is succoured, 629.

-, -, camp of. See Eccloo.

-, Estates of, offer themselves to the French King, 17;

order Norreys to march, 26;

disposition of troops by, 62;

have sent no deputies to the States General, 171;

said to be sending aid to Truchsess, 385;

are offended with des Pruneaux, 426.

-, -, deputies of, not yet gone to the meeting of the States General, 69, 125, 149;

have arrived at Dordrecht, 151.

-, Governor of, see Croy, Charles de, Prince of Chimay;

Spanish, see Farnese, Alexander;

report that Santa Cruz is to go as. See Bacan.

-, General for the States in. See Norreys.

-, President of. See Meetkerke.

-, people or commons of, desire the Queen's aid, 22, 42, 43;

sufferings of, 22, 25, 41, 42, 78, 362;

will not receive the French, 25, 45;

called les mal-menes, 140;

revenge taken upon, 148;

inactivity of, 278;

boors and husbandmen, the Prince of Parma's orders in favour of, 425;

the enemy promises nothing to, 463;

yield the point of Religions-friede, 472;

Monsieur prays his brother not to forsake, 481.

-, towns of, when taken, are garrisoned by Spaniards and Italians, 81;

danger of their being “blocked up” 152;

refuse to receive Spanish garrisons, 324;

if yielded, to have no garrisons, 383;

if taken by force, to be garrisoned by Spaniards, 384;

will not “agree” unless the Spaniards leave the country, 389;

terms demanded by, 403;

must take what they can get, 460;

are vacillating, 504;

promised as “assurance” to Monsieur, 513;

are submitting to Spain, 527;

harsh treatment of, after surrender, 655;

surrendered or taken, see under their names.

-, treaty papers relating to, 653 et seq.

-, Four Members of (Ghent, Ypres, Bruges and the “Free”), Assembly of, at Bruges, 8;

commission granted by, 11;

orders of, alluded to, 21;

have resolved to deal no more with Monsieur, 22;

Parma desires conference with, 25;

recommended to accept French aid, 25;

interview of Capt. Williams with, 26;

are urged by the Prince of Orange to accept the aid of the French, 26, 42, 43;

refuse to take aid from the French, 42;

strain themselves sorely to find money for the soldiers, 42;

make the Prince of Chimay governor, 56;

are aggrieved with Holland and Zeeland, 56;

meeting of, at Ghent, 56, 74;

contract with Col. Morgan for English troops, 57;

are said to resolve to put themselves under the Empire, 89;

letters sent to, 106;

are desired by the Queen, to procure the liberation of Turenne, 119;

Ypres appeals for aid to, 126;

at Bruges, 140;

negotiations of, with Parma, 432, 433, 453, 616, 656. And see under the names of the towns.

-, -, letters to, 2.

-, -, deputies of, sent to the States General, 42;

not to go to the meeting in Zeeland, 56.

-, Head of, a fort being made at, 176.

-, Lower, the Spaniards expect shortly to gain, 19.

-, West, garrisons drawn out of, 472.

Fleix, the peace of (the last peace), alluded to, 251.

Fleming, a, in Paris, to be bribed by Stafford, 198.

Flemings, at Dover and Sandwich, 78;

character of, 304.

Flemish horses, 365, 366.

-, language, letters written in, to be translated, 390.

-, merchants, residence proposed for, in London, 529.

Fleury, M. de. See Clausse.

Fliir, a citizen of Antwerp, holds intelligence with the enemy, 80.

Florence, travellers to, 17, 209;

galleys of, danger from, 40;

ships of, spoils taken by, 87;

visit of the Due de Joyeuse to, 99;

the Poggio at, 209.

-, letter dated at, 19.

-, Duke of. See Medici, Francesco Maria de'.

Florentine, a. See Monti.

Florentines, bringing tribute to the Sultan, are “sent away empty,” 87;

said to be in league with Malta against English traffic, ibid.;

molestation of English ships by, 536;

noble, travelling to France and England, 614;

knights of Malta, see Malta.

Flowerdew (Flowerden), Edward, serjeant at law, 309.

Flushing, 377, 525;

the Prince and Princess of Orange at, 20;

travellers to or from, 45, 245, 381, 382;

garrison of, their pillaging in Flanders, 144;

news from, 144;

troops sent to, from Holland, 186;

demanded by Monsieur, 315;

English ships should be sent to, 338, 339;

soldiers of, take possession of Sluys, 415;

the Prince of Orange expected at, 504;

a suspected plotter arrested at, 524;

garrison of the Prince of Orange at, 554;

troops sent from, 586;

prisoner brought to, 641;

said to be offered to Elizabeth, 646.

-, letters dated at, 44, 46, 62, 72, 382.

-, governor and prefect of, 524.

-, palace of the Princess of Orange at, 632.

-, ships of or Flushingers, 27, 30, 78;

vessels taken by, 526, 615;

taken, 569;

daily bring in prizes, 595, 643;

a passage boat, 597.

-, the Head of, Marshal Biron at, 69.

Foccher, Mark, goes to the Imperial Court, 437.

-, or Fugger, Messieurs, their palace at Antwerp, 265.

Foins, Andro, a merchant of London, brings letters from Spain, 470.

Foix, the King of Navarre goes into, 230, 251.

Foix, Paul de, Archbishop of Toulouse, French ambassador in Rome, 19, 423;

death of, 522, 545.

Fontainebleau, 67;

French King at or going to, 28, 54, 584.

Fontayne, M. See La Fontaine.

Forest, Peter, physician, report of, touching the Prince of Orange, 587.

Forges, a Frenchman, brings letters to the Queen, 83.

Formula Concordice, the (proposed by the Elector of Saxony), attempts to effectuate, 128;

mentioned, 408.

Foster, Christofer and John, sent from the Inquisition at Rome to the galleys, 301.

Fouching, Moses, complaint concerning, 605.

Foucquerolles, demands by, on behalf of Monsieur, 303.

Fourneau, Lieutenant, taken prisoner by Taxis, 556 (2).

-, -, wife of, 556.

Fourrier, John, a messenger, 142.

-, the comptroller, sent to England, 646.

Fox, John, letter from, 623.

Foxall, John, negotiations of (in 1576), alluded to, 191.

France, efforts to establish the Inquisition and the decrees of the Council of Trent in, 5, 75, and see Trent;

action of, in Flanders, expected, 11;

victuals not to be sent from, into Artois, 24;

rumoured preparations for Scotland in, 36, 57, 116, 156, 222, 223, 231, 465;

the Scottish faction in, 37;

Flemish priests in, 97;

a fresh nuncio appointed to, 114;

piracies committed by and against natives of, instructions concerning, 115;

Monsieur' dealings blamed in, 118;

peace of, not too secure, 152;

and Scotland, the ancient amity between, 157, 264, 343, 412, 536;

finances of, investigation into, 160;

ambassadors in, find none to despatch affairs, 164;

papers relating to, given to Sir Edw. Stafford, 167;

report that war with Spain is declared in, 196;

towns of, pernicious privileges of, 205;

no religion should be permitted in but that of Rome, 216;

men to be sent to Scotland from, 218;

warlike preparations in, 229, 249, 264, 343, 359, 363, 370, 418;

increase of taxation in, 267;

fear of civil war or rebellion in, 268, 314, 369;

an army said to be preparing in, for Monsieur, 279;

suits or processes in, 283;

levies in, forbidden, 284;

Spanish forces said to have been given passage through, 295;

promises given by, to Scotland, 313;

Santa Cruz said to have come through, in disguise, 326;

Jesuits in, attack the King's conscience, 331;

alliance of, with the Swiss cantons, efforts to break, 334;

Elizabeth said to be fomenting troubles in, 343;

the Queen of Scots' dowry in, see Mary;

need for Elizabeth to keep in amity with, 345;

masses in, not said so devoutly as in England, 349;

the Spanish King's intended enterprises upon, see Philip;

ruin of, said to be at hand, 363;

possibility of trouble between Spain and, 364, 368, 377, 414, 429;

dissensions in, inflamed by strangers, 365;

is all at a gaze, 370;

actions of the government of, uncertain and dissembling, 387;

Spanish party in, 388;

discussions and plots in, in reference to the succession, 399;

the sending of victuals from, to the Malcontents, should be stopped, 434;

all things in, tend to trouble, 442;

musters to be made in, 465;

Jesuits in, 492, 652;

nobility of, look to the King of Navarre as heir to the crown, 519;

Catholics of, views of, as regards the King of Navarre, 521;

great personages in, death of, 522;

custom of, for mothers to “inherit their sons' purchases,” 535, 537;

governors in, changed by the King, 573;

books making in, 585;

many in, are at the devotion of the King of Spain, 604;

travellers in, 614;

information from, concerning Spain, not trustworthy, 618;

lands in, part of the Princess of Orange's dowry, 632;

sending of victuals from, to the Spaniards, prohibited, 645;

rumoured treaty between the Prince of Parma and, 647;

a church in, given to Cardinal Birague's nephew, 650;

news from, 651;

and England, treaties between, see England.

-, in relation to the Low Countries:—hopes of help from, 187, 311, 529;

proposal to secure the Low Countries to the crown of, in default of heirs to Monsieur, 204;

rule of, objected to by the commons of the Low Countries, 253;

treaty with, frustration of, 401;

no hope of help from, 615;

peace in the Low Countries would “close their lips” in relation to Scotland, 616;

deputies from the States General going to, see Low Countries, States General of.

-, Royal family of:

King of. See Henry III.

Kings of, former. See Charles IX;

Francis I;

Louis VII.

Queen of. See Louise of Lorraine.

Queen Mother of. See Catherine de' Medici.

Queen Dowager of, or la reine blanche. See Austria, Elizabeth of. See also Mary, Queen of Scots.

Monsieur or Monseigneur. See Francis, Duke of Anjou.

Princes of the Blood, 17;

at Cardinal Birague's funeral, 239;

list of, 619. And see under their names.

former Kings of, treaties and charters of, alluded to, 117;

“pernicious privileges” granted by, 205.

-, chief officials of:—

Admiral. See Arques, Duc de Joyeuse.

Cardinals and chief bishops, at Monsieur's funeral, 562, 573;

characters of, 620, 621.

Chancellor. See Birague. See Hurault, Comté de Chiverny.

Chancellorship, rival candidates for, 217.

Chief President of Parlement of Paris, 54.

Intendant of Finances. See Videville.

Keeper of the seals. See Hurault. Comté de Chiverny.

Knight-marshal, and his archers, 380.

Lieutenant-criminal, 306, 322.

Marshals, names and characters of, 620.

Marshalship, promised, 106.

Master of the Ordnance. See La Guiche.

Procureur-general, or du roi, 168, 299, 306, 322, 332, 416.

Secretaries of State, 16, 47, 65;

characters of, 621. See Brulart;



Secretary of finances. See Gossot.

-, ambassadors to and from, See Ambassadors.

-, Assembly at St. Germain. See St. Germain-en-Laye.

-, Chamber of Concord, case heard in, 573;

President of, ibid.

-, Church of, or “the Gallican Church” 5;

bishops and abbots, convention of, 105;

bishops, persuade the people to go on pilgrimage, 103;

churches,“pernicious privileges” of, 205;

appointments to, 209;

church lands, the King wishes to sell, 252;

clergy, proposal to, concerning their lands, 215;

ecclesiastical livings, charges upon, 106.

-, Council of, matters to be determined by, 52, 257, 258;

action of, in relation to piracies, 115;

letters of mart granted by, 519;

cause referred to, 573.

-, -, President of, see Bourbon, Charles de, Cardinal de Vendôme.

-, English subjects in:—merchants, new tolls imposed on, 51;

interests of, to be protected, 117;

complaints of heavy taxation by, 155;

impositions on goods of, 357;

complaints of and against, alluded to, 541.

-, -, fugitives, papists or rebels, 15, 36, 315, 652;

libellous books, pictures &c. issued by, see Elizabeth;

seminaries for, 83;

and see Eu, Rheims;

names of, to be sent to Queen Elizabeth, 117;

increase exceedingly, 108;

demands for their expulsion, 116, 155, 156, 390;

boast by, 136;

“naughty people” 219;

reports by, 299;

accusations by, against Elizabeth, 420;

the Queen's willingness to “leave alone” 512;

their affection for Spain, ibid.;

the French King's resolution concerning, 521;

and see Rouen.

-, Huguenots, Protestants or those of the Religion in:—

in relation to Montmorency, 16, 161;

a murder falsely imputed to, 17;

will warn the Protestants in Scotland against papist practices, 113;

have a worse opinion of Monsieur than of the King, 161;

said to have surprised another town, 198, 201;

edict of pacification with, the King refuses to infringe, 205;

do not trust Monsieur, 217;

but may be driven to seek his support, 218;

demand permission to hold an Assembly, 298;

urge Henry of Navarre not to let the matter of his wife engage them in war, 349;

fear that the King may set upon, 359;

said to be arming, 370;

are too hopeful, 414;

the King's “well meaning” towards, suspected, 448;

cannot tell what to make of the King's dealing, 480;

mariners, withdraw from the enterprise of Brouage. 519;

false accusations against, 563;

certain of, have written and spoken against the King of Navarre, 577;

friends and enemies to, amongst the chief men, 619–621.

-, churches of, or reformed churches, consult how to aid Truchsess, 96;

defended by Dr. Sturm, 131.

-, -, towns held by, in pledge, will be restored if the King fulfils his promises, 165;

answer to their demands concerning, delayed, 172;

extension of time granted, for their surrender, 186;

the King complains that they are not surrendered, 476;

are needed as security “for their safeness” 477.

-, -, negotiations with, former, memorandum of, 603.

-, officers in: reduction of, 284;

their reduction stopped by the King, 298;

complaints against, 416.

commissioners of enquiry, summary of report of, 205.

gendarmerie, affairs of, discussed, 249.

King's receivers, disputes of, with the people, 162.

treasurers, abuses by, 257.

-, order of the Saint Esprit in. See Knighthood, Orders of.

-, Parliament of, judgment given by, 104;

the King's fear of “discontenting,” 349.

-, -, grands jours of, at Troyos, executions ordered by, 252, 257.

-, princes in, list of, 619, 620.

-, ships in, reports concerning, 58, 382;

making ready in, see Normandy;


and under the names of the ports. And see French ships.

-, Scottish Guard in. See Henry HI, Scottish Guard of.

-, treaty papers relating to, 653.

Franche Comté, troops going through, 280;

the French King will not meddle with, 414;

Spanish forces in, 494.

Francis I, King of France, the maintenance of foreign horsemen nearly emptied his treasury, 409.

Francis, Duke of Anjou, Alencon and Brabant, Monsieur of France, matter of importance to, 1;

pays a secret visit to the Queen of Navarre, 4;

the Queen Mother's visits to and endeavours to mediate for, see Catherine;

is said to have given Cambray to the French King, 9;

promises to succour Tournay, 10;

recognizes his past faults, ibid.;

divided opinions concerning receiving, in the Low Countries, 10, 90, 262, 271, 297, 303;

wishes to promote Fervacques, 11;

his flight “without a tail,” 14;

hisappeal to the Queen for Dunkirk, 15;

his requests to the King, ibid.;

complains that the King has abandoned him, 16;

dealings of, with Montmorency, 16, 161, 359, 423;

proposed as lieutenant under the King in Flanders, 17;

letters sent to, plotting against the French King, ibid.;

at or going to Cambray, 17, 19, 71, 79, 89, 104, 106, 108, 334;

is said to be coming to besiege Dunkirk, 19;

opposition to his return to the Low Countries, 22, 45, 56, 106, 139, 186, 307, 361;

the King's jealousy of, see Henry III;

said to be coming into Artois, 27;

at Monceaux, 28;

“insists” to be the King's lieutenant, 28;

at La Fere, 38, 39, 104;

is inclined to retire to his own houses and marry, 38;

the Queen Mother discourses concerning, 51;

one sent to, from the Queen of Navarre, 58, 99;

is suspected of sending her letters to the King, 59;

illnesses of, see below;

his proceeding with his Mother, 66;

said to be coming to Paris, 68;

said to be made the King's lieutenant-general, 68, 81, 118, 149;

is erecting an order of penitentiaries, 71;

is going to Lyons, 76;

des Pruneaux's arguments on behalf of, to the States General, 80;

Casimir's descent to Bonn makes him “pause,” 89;

will send aid to BerguesSt. Winnock, 90;

sends an agent to the King of Navarre and Duke of Montpensier, 98;

intercepted letters sent to, ibid.;

acceptance of, in the Low Countries, discussed, 101, 353, 462, and see Low Countries, States General of;

intends to enter again “into the enterprise of Flanders,” 103;

has written to the States General, 106;

is going to Quesnoy, in Artois, 107;

promises wonders, 108, 311;

his commitment to the Castle of the Bois de Vincennes, alluded to, 109;

fresh commissioners sent to, from the States General, 114, 210;

unpopularity of, in France, 118;

his arms pulled down, in Flanders, ibid.;

offers to make war on the Malcontents if the States General will accept him, 125;

Chimay taken by, 126;

is said to mean to return to the Low Countries, ibid.;

said to be gone to Paris, 127;

at ChateâuThierry, 129, 158, 159, 258, 284, 325, 366, 414;

his inclinations and humours, 136;

assurances and offers of, to the States, 137, 144;

will probably not come to court, 143, 160;

would fain repair his former fault, 152, 177;

at Laon, 158, 159;

sends a messenger to Casimir and Truchsess, 159;

is said to be going to deliver Cambray to the King of Spain, 159, 162, 197, 208, 215;

late enterprises of, his loss of credit in, 160;

promise of, to come to the court, ibid.;

unpopularity of, 161;

meeting of, with his mother, ibid.;

“cannot give her Majesty a good word,” ibid.;

seeks to curry favour in the French provinces, 162;

begins to make much of the Queen of Navarre, 163;

makes vain efforts to maintain his credit, 164;

is governed by Lavardin, 166;

Biron is weary of following, 173;

ambition of, 169;

his “shameful departure” from the Low Countries, alluded to, ibid.;

report of an agreement between the States and, 195, 429;

the Prince of Orange's support of, see Nassau, William of;

refuses Parma's overtures concerning Cambray, 196;

the Protestant party will not trust, 197;

resolution to accept again, in the Low Countries, 204, 223, 336, 363;

has retired towards Paris, 207;

large offers made by, 212;

suspected by the King and mistrusted by the Huguenots, 217;

takes ill the report that he will compound with Spain for Cambray, 218;

a picture of, set up in Paris, ibid.;

his fresh offer to the Prince of Orange and States, 219;

is believed to have sent to Elizabeth to ask for money, 220;

Marchaumont's influence with, declining, 221;

deals with his brother only to draw money from him, ibid.;

banquets and rewards deGougnies, 232;

his affection for Avrilly, ibid.;

the States' hope of assistance from, “but a weak stay,” 233;

“mislike” between him and his brother, 234;

is said to be waking up, 244;

his promise to punish all who counselled him to the attack on Antwerp not fulfilled, 255;

money offered to, for Cambray, 265;

hard words of, to Pinart, 267;

overtures of, to Navarre, Conde and Guise, 270;

reported plot against, 274, 275, 284, 298;

the King says he has no cause to fear, 284;

pardon granted to, by the King, alluded to, 289;

towns desired by, as security, 315, 336, 355;

the States' deputies with, at Chateâu-Thierry, 325, 330;

the deputies said to be much caressed by, 330;

inauguration of, as Duke of Brabant, alluded to, 334;

money sent to, at Cambray, ibid.;

arrangements in default of heirs to, 336;

libellous placard against, ibid.;

visit of, to Paris, 347, 349;

kindness shown to, by the King, 349;

negotiations of the States' deputies with, will drag on till Easter, 355;

promises the King not to be a month without seeing him, 356;

troops thought to be intended for, 359;

has been at Paris for the carnival, 366;

money for, from the French King and the States, ibid.;

is to be brought to St. Maur des Fosses when stronger, 386;

his brother's indisposition to help, 388, 433, 477;

opinions concerning, 411;

a gentleman sent to, 414;

“dissuasion” of, against agreement with Spain, 421;

does not wish to “intercept” Mendoza, 422;

sends re-inforcements to Cambray, 423;

extreme demands made on behalf of, by des Pruneaux, 426;

is sending back the States' deputies, ibid.;

refuses to give Mendoza a passport, 427;

Sir Edw. Stafford going to, 428;

message sent to, by Elizabeth, 436;

anger of, against Ségur, 442, 449;

still detains the States' deputies, 444;

his bad health, given as a reason for Epernon's journey to Gascony, 479;

death of, would bring great innovations, 480;

his requests to the King, 481;

rumours of his death, 482, 486, 492;

writes to the Low Countries that he is recovered and desires to join with them, 486, 489;

his regrets, if he were to die, 499;

answer of, to the deputies of the States, 504;

proposals given to and approved by, 509;

towns promised as “assurance” to, 513;

Asseliers goes to, to conclude the negotiation between the States and, 526;

plan for assisting, 527;

failure of his rule in Flanders, 527, 568;

the King of Spain may give the Low Countries to, 528;

death and funeral of, see below; discussion whether to add Flanders to his titles, 537;

comforting assurances to, in his sickness, 552;

money promised to, 560;

places governed by, to be given to those who had them before, 562;

his mother believes his illness was begun by “the matters of the Low Countries,”563;

“nowresteth in a place of bliss,” 602;

action of, in the Low Countries, alluded to, 603;

offers to, from the States General, alluded to, 628.

-, -, his marriage projects:

with Elizabeth, the Queen Mother still desirous of, 23, 84.

with the Princess of Lorraine, 39, 47, 68, 160.

with his niece, the King of Spain's second daughter, 123, 218, 311.

with the Duke of Florence's daughter, 71.

-, -, illnesses of, 65, 158, 166, 399, 437, 448, 481, 486, 604, 511, 519, 521;

said to be recovering, 386;

scheming in consequence of, 399;

is better, but his strength comes back slowly, 414;

is better but very weak, 420;

health of, begins to be very good, 456;

anxiety caused by, both in and out of France, 463;

is given over by the physicians, 458;

reports of his death, 458, 469, 472;

contradictory statements of physicians concerning, 511;

said to be amended, but will never recover, 521.

-, -, death of, 532, 533, 535, 545, 548, 551;

reported cause of, 532;

expected consequences of, 533, 535;

physicians' report upon, 535;

Elizabeth's grief for, see Elizabeth;

(the late accident) alluded to, 535, 563, 579, 593, 605, 617, 623;

regrets or condolences upon, 583, 611;

persons sent to condole on, 581, and see Sydney, Sir P.

-, -, funeral of, arrangements for, 537, 549;

funeral ceremonies of, 552, 559, 562, 572;

last will and testament of, 519;

alluded to, 559, 573, 592.

-, -, letters from, 74, 79;

alluded to, 236, 282, 333, 499;

intercepted, 77.

-, -, letter to, 226;

alluded to, 345, 434;

intercepted, 54.

-, -, agents or messengers of, 4, 15, 98, 159, 174, 218. And see Rebours;


-, -, ambassador sent to, by Parma. See Gougnies.

-, -, commissions granted by, 11, 249, 267.

-, -, debts of, the financiers are ready to give account of, 537;

payment of, discussed, 566, 637, 638;

to the Queen, a question whether it was meant to be repaid, 637.

-, -, forces of, levies for, 2;

movements of, 10;

needs of, 11;

dismissal of, desired, 22;

are discharged, 23;

the enemy means to hinder the passage of, 34;

report that they are to be dispersed, 68;

depart for France, 69, 126;

the Prince of Parma seeks to hinder, 90;

an Englishman captured by, 115;

[late] in the Low Countries, alluded to, 312.

-, -, forces for, said to be preparing, 279, 296, 311, 374;

estabhshment of, drawn up, 303;

ready to march, 311.

-, -, receipts and payments for his household and for the war, statements of, 288 et seq.

-, -, secretary of. See Chartier.

-, -, servants or people of, information given to, 387;

recommended to the King, 481;

the King's benignity to, 562;

suits of, alluded to, 584.

Franciscan friar, a. See Oviedo, Matteo.

Francq or Free, the, of Bruges, one of the Four Members of Flanders, the Prince of Chimay chosen governor of, 33;

magistrates of, offers to, from Hembyse, 194;

divided opinions in, 203;

gentlemen of, refuse to go to Monsieur, 271;

sends deputies to Ghent, 296;

echevin of, 402, and see Caron;

commissioners from, gone to Tournay, 447. See also Bruges and the Free.

-, governor of. See Croy, Prince of Chimay.

Frankfort, Frankfurt-am-Main, merchants going to, 49;

troops in the neighbourhood of, 64;

lanzknechts levied in, 96;

news from, 128, 208, 226;

the chief man at, 609.

-, Assembly at, resolution of, concerning the Merchants Adventurers, alluded to, 514.

-, Deputationstag to be held at, 112, 127, 129, 133, 137;

dissolved, 178;

recommendation by, ibid.

-, Diet at, 207;

waiting for the Palatine counsellors, 208;

little hope of its coming to an agreement, 226;

ends without result, 257.

-, letter dated at, 207.

Frankfort fair, 609, 610.

Frederick III, Emperor, his erection of East Friesland into an “earldom,” 495;

grant of, alluded to, 496.

-, -, son of. See Maximilian.

Frederick II, King of Denmark, 421;

deputies of, are desired to meet the Princes of Germany, 5;

has “compounded with Lubeck” concerning the Hanses, 85;

treaty concluded with, 99;

concessions of, to English merchants, 139;

the Garter sent to, 191;

mission of Herbert to, 192;

friendship of, with Elizabeth, 274;

claim of, to be master of the Sound, 294;

support of, desired for the Elector Truchsess, 408, 410;

visit of Ségur to, 441, 449;

lands belonging to, 496;

proposals to, from the King of Navarre, 530;

his answer, 530, 532;

is surprised by the Emperor's dealing in regard to Ségur, 546;

suggested application to, by the Low Countries, 576;

in relation to the Hanses, 590.

-, -, letter from, 432.

-, -, letters to and from, alluded to, 450.

-, -, brother of. See Denmark, Duke Magnus of.

“Free,” the. See Francq.

Freising or Freishein, Bishop of. See Bavaria, Ernest of.

Fremyn, Georges, captain in the States' service, is governor of Safting, 580.

-, -, letters from, 9, 89, 151, 175, 302, 335, 353, 375.

French, the, Flanders resolved to deal no more with, 56;

blame Monsieur's dealings in the Low Countries, 118;

English ships plundered by, 145;

in Cambray, reported murder of, 154;

lulled to sleep by Spain, 189;

Ghent and Ypres declare they will never again receive, 202;

Bruges divided in opinion concerning, 203;

oppression of, desire to relieve, 205;

the humblest people to their Kings and the easiest to be trodden on, in the world, 268;

the coming of, feared, in Artois and Hainault, 296;

so fickle headed that even their masses are done lightly, 349;

wish to command before they know how to obey, 367;

may join with Spain to extirpate the Religion, 527;

are more given to revenge their own blood than in other countries, 573;

if they help the Low Countries, it will be for gain's sake, not God's sake, 645.

French advertisements, 535;

cardinals, making of, desired, 99;

commissioners to England, visit of, alluded to, 83;

crown (ecu), value of, 474;

expedition to the Terceiras, see Terceiras;

friars and monks, exhausted by their pilgrimage with the King, 400;

Fury, at Antwerp, see Antwerp;

gentlemen, killed in Savoy, 419;

mariners and sea soldiers, 419, 420;

merchants, complaints of, 167, 486;

ministers, reports given out by, 204;

navy, rendezvous of, see Aguillon;

nobleman, letters stolen by, 340;

ordnance, importance of, 312;

pirates, complaints against, 52, 155;

proverbs, see Proverbs;

provinces, deputies of, will not betray their trust, 162;

singer, a, 64;

war (in 1545), alluded to, 406, 407.

-, Court, the, movements of, 28;

great alterations expected at, 54;

factions in, 113, 164, 165;

the chiefs of the Guises never all at, at once, 164;

nothing sought at, but money, 221;

gentlemen of, at Cardinal Birague's funeral, 257;

“much ado” in, at Lord Paget's coming to Paris, 259;

the King of Navarre's messenger “continually watched” at, 315;

princes and favourites of, escort Monsieur out of Paris, 349;

the Pope's nuncio takes precedence of all other ambassadors at, 533;

in mourning for Monsieur, 537;

all the princes and nobles have gone from, 612, 613.

-, crown, the Guises' pretensions to, 286;

heirship to, divers views concerning, 519;

candidates for, 577;

succession to, books "making," concerning, 585.

-, ships, captured, 56, 287, 358;

returning from the Terceiras, 75;

English merchant ships can beat, 339;

ship taken by, 609.

-, -, named. See Ships.

-, troops or soldiers, go to succour Dunkirk, 6;

surrender Dunkirk to the Prince of Parma, 18;

will not return to Flanders, 19;

at Cambray, see Cambray;

voluntaries, in Duke Casimir's army, in aid of Truchsess, 20, 29, 49, 51, 95, 96, 112;

under the Duke de Bouillon, 96;

taken in the Terceiras, sent to the Spanish galleys, 113;

fighting for Don Antonio, in Terceira, 243;

to be levied for the Rhine, 422;

in England, 557;

in the Low Countries, see under Low Countries. See also Francis, Duke of Anjou, forces of.

Frenchman, a, proposals by, 527, 528;

a naturalized, 290.

Fresel, Captain, claims Stuart's regiment, 11.

Fribourg, Swiss assembly at, 231.

Friesland or West Friesland, will resist the enemy, 21;

frontiers of, defence of, 33;

colonels of, proceedings of, 143, 144;

“those of,” complain that they are only a bulwark to Holland &c, 150;

Mondragon said to be going to, 151;

troops sent to, 211, 278, 324;

threatened with the Imperial bann, 225;

is weary and desirous of peace, 261;

the States' forces hope to drive the enemy out of, 352;

frontiers of, troops to be levied for, 363;

the enemy's forces in, 372, 570;

stallions from, would improve the breed of English horses, 405;

may be drawn to help Count John of Embden, 496, 497;

resolute attitude of, 595.

-, governor of, and general for Gueldres. See Nassau, William Louis of.

-, States of, provide for its defence, 81;

deputies of, desire the Queen's opinion, 102;

at Dordrecht, 151.

-, East. See East Friesland.

Frises, the, the King of Spain claims to be viceregent over, 496.

Furne, Feurne, Vuerne, protected by the cutting of the dykes, 22;

intended siege of, 23;

agrees with the enemy, 24;

is lost, 31;

surrender of, alluded to, 35, 45, 46;

Malcontent governor of, 126, and see Harmon;

garrisoned by the enemy, 171;

walls of, to be razed, 194.

-, burgomaster of, sent with offers to Bruges, 33.

-, governor of, Parma desires to speak with, 25.