Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Elizabeth, Volume 22, July-December 1588. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1936.
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Aachen, Aix [Rhenish Prussia, Germany], letter from, referred to, 58.
A.B. See Norris, Sir Edward; [Standen, Anthony].
Abbas I, shah of Persia, 172.
Abbeville, Abvill [Somme, France], 399.
Abena. See Hven.
Abrams, Ghert, letter signed by, 320.
Abymincis, Don Solomon. See Mendez, Don Alvaro.
Achez, Jerome d', seigneur de Toraise,
-, Leicester would exchange for Teligny, 47.
-, Menninck's relations with, 331, 332, 362.
Acthoven, captain, 291.
Acton, Thomas, late corporal of field in Low Countries, 408.
Adam, —, 224.
admiral, lord, lord high. See Howard, Charles, lord.
- of Denmark. See Munk, Peter.
- of France. See Nogaret, Jean Louis de.
-, lieutenant-, of Holland. See Duvenvoordt, Jean de.
- of Spanish fleet. See Perez de Guzman, Alonso.
- of Turkey. See Hassan Pasha; Ibrahim Pasha; Occhiali.
-, lieutenant-, of Zeeland. See Nassau, Justinus of.
-, vice-, of Zeeland. See Moor, Joos de.
admiralty, high court of:
-, Ortel complains of, 21; States also, 198, 378.
-, judge of. See Cæsar, Julius.
-, See also Zeeland.
Adrian, Adrien, armourer, buys armour for Walsingham, 11, 82; at Utrecht, 47, 100, 158.
Adrians, Pieter, burgomaster of Leyden, 213.
Adrianson, John, of Dordrecht, 129.
Adriansons, Hugh, 297.
Aernhem. See Arnhem.
Aerssens, Cornelis, greffier to States General, letters signed by, 11, 16, 111.
Aeswijn, Reinhard van, heer tot
Brakel, Brackel, Brackell,
Brackhell, Brakele, Brakle, de
-, arrested at Utrecht, 225, 246, 247; need to obtain restoration of, 290.
-, joins Schenck, 268, 302.
-, troops fail to seize Rhenen, 303; join Maurice, 361.
agent. See ambassadors.
Aguilar, Francesco de, governor of Dunkirk, imprisoned by Parma, 158; flyboat of, 228.
Aisma, Aisna. See Aysma.
Aix. See Aachen.
Alaredo, Laredo [Santander, Spain], 231, 232.
Albanians, Albanoys, 13, 392.
Albert, cardinal, archduke of Austria, viceroy of Portugal, 395, 399.
Albertson, Albert, councillor of Copenhagen, 6, 10.
Albinoni, Battista, 367.
Alcmar. See Alkmaar.
Aldegonde. See Marnix, Philippe de.
Aldobrandini, Aldobrandinus, Ipolito, cardinal [aft. pope Clement VIII], in Poland, 79.
Aldrich, Aldredge, Aldrige, George, Bannister's lieutenant, 195; letters borne by, 9, 192, 193.
Alefeld, Benedict de, of Lernkulen, 80.
-, Henry, of Saturpholm, 80.
-, Nicholas de, of Geltinge, 80.
Algiers, Argia, Argier, 165, 201.
Alguesco. See Avalos, Cæsar.
Alicante, Allecant [Valencia, Spain], 102.
Alkmaar, Alcmar [N. Holland, Netherlands], 135, 183.
Allachy, captain d', 286.
Allegond. See Marnix, Philippe de.
Allegria, Gabriel de, secretary of J. B. Taxis, 392.
Allemans. See Germans.
Allen, Allin, Francis, 410.
-, Thomas, merchant, 79, 143.
-, William, cardinal of England:
-, views of, on peace, 4.
-, will join Parma's camp, 37.
-, friend of, 198.
-, book of [Admonition to Nobility, etc. of England and Ireland], search for copies of, 2, 49; Roels asks for costs of search, 46, 60, 84; Dale protests to Parma about, 26, 33, 74; who denies knowledge of, 47; Queen dissatisfied, 51, 74; pictures of spreaders of, mentioned, 60.
-, —, 280, 375, 410, 414.
Allington, Henry, London merchant, 348.
Allmans, Allmayns, Almains, Almans, Almayns. See Germans.
Alonso, captain, Spaniard, 228.
Alsen, Alse, island of [Denmark], 310.
Alva, duke of. See Toledo, Ferdinand Alvarez de.
Amadeo, Amadise, of Savoy, Emmanuel Philibert's natural son, 298; quarrels with tutor, 12; leaves Netherlands, 305, 349.
ambassadors, agents, bailo, commissioners, consuls, deputies,
envoys, papal nuncios:
-, Berne, to France. See Boustrcten, Jacques de.
-, English, to Denmark. See Rogers, Daniel
-, English, to France. See Stafford, Sir Edward.
-, English (Muscovy Co.), to Russia. See Merryke, John; Pecok, Robert.
-, English, to Scotland. See Ashley, William.
-, English, to Spain. See Mann, John.
-, English, to Turkey. See Barton, Edward; Harborne, William.
-, English, to United Provinces. See Davison, William; Norris, Sir John.
-, French, at Alexandria. See Vento, Christopher.
-, French, to Denmark. See Danzay, Charles de.
-, French, to England. See de l'Aubespine, Claude.
-, French, to Savoy. See Angennes, Jacques de.
-, French, to Turkey. See Savary, Jacques de.
-, Friesland, to England. See Dekema, Sixtus; Hiddas, Goslich.
-, Hamburg, to England. See Bergen, Sebastian à.
-, Hungarian, Imperial, to Turkey.
-, See Sinzendorf, Freiherr von.
-, John Casimir, to Denmark. See Gans, Adam.
-, Navarre, to England. See Choart, Paul; Clermont d'Amboise, Georges de; Quincampoix, François de.
-, Navarre, to United Provinces and Germany. See Clermont d'Amboise, Georges de; Hurault de l'Hôpital, Michel.
-, Papal, to France. See Morosini, Giovanni Francesco.
-, Papal, to Poland. See Aldobrandini, Ipolito.
-, Parma, to Emden, 19.
-, Parma, to Hamburg. See Westendorp, George van.
-, Polish, to Turkey. See Zamoiski, John.
-, Ragusan, to Turkey. See Cervi, Orsato da.
-, Spanish, to France. See Mendoça, Bernardino de.
-, United Provinces, to Denmark and Germany, additional instructions, referred to, 2; Menninck and, 319. See also Brederode, Floris van; Duvenvoordt, Jean de; Hoenvard, Lubertus; Hohenlohe Langenburg, Philip, count of; Sille, Nicasius.
-, United Provinces, to England. See Ortel, Joachim; van den Warck, Jan; Voocht, Leonard de.
-, Venetian, to France. See Mocenigo, Giovanni.
-, Venetian, to Turkey. See Moro, Giovanni.
-, See also peace commissioners.
Amersfoort, Amersford, Amersforde [Utrecht, Netherlands], enemy may attack, 332, 345; English horse at. See Burgh, Sir John.
Amiens, Amyens [Somme, France], 394, 399.
-, bishop of. See Pellevé, Nicolas de.
Amsterdam, Ambsterdam [N. Holland,
Netherlands], 135, 274:
-, Adrian getting armours at, 49.
-, corn comes from Brest to, 69.
-, plenty of powder at, 82, 100; powder sent to England from, 176, 177, 183, 185.
-, doctor at, would cure Walsingham, 87.
-, cavils at special contribution, 155.
-, boat of, sent after Armada, 158.
-, money paid by exchange at, 253.
-, company of, at Utrecht, 302.
-, portraits, etc., of Mary Stuart sent to Hague from, 309.
-, naval stores sent to Hamburg from, 390.
-, burgher of. See Heather.
Amstrutter, captain, 286.
Amurath III, sultan of Turkey, the
grand signor, 404:
-, letters from, referred to, 166.
-, letters to, 102.
-, Persian war makes poor, 101.
-, Harborne urges, against Spain, 101; his petition to, 102; advisers urge peace, 173; should be bribed, 174; fears Armada, 200.
-, hostile to Poland, 139; threatens war, 282.
-, sells old galleys, 139.
-, son born to, 139.
-, seized Murad Pasha's goods, 165.
-, relations with neighbours, 172–3.
-, avarice of, 199, 281.
-, sends fleet to sea, 201.
-, Antonio seeks aid of, 281.
-, will set out fleet, 281.
-, beglerbey rules, 334.
-, mission of Barbary Jews to, 335.
-, son-in-law of. See Ibrahim.
Andalusia [Spain], 102.
Andelot, d'. See Coligny, François de.
Anders, Charles, 354.
Anderson, Andriessenne, Andrison, Soren, councillor of Copenhagen, 6.
-, Joyce, baker, of Flushing, 243, 353.
Andrieux, —, 99.
Andwarp, Andwarpe, Andwarpt, Andwerp. See Antwerp.
Angennes, Jacques de, sieur de Poigny, Poignie, sent to demand restoration of Saluzzo by Savoy, 266, 393.
Angoulême, Angolesme, Angoulesme [Charente, France], 13, 62.
-, mayor of. See Normand, François.
-, Madame d'. See Diane de France.
Anhalt, dukes of, 186.
Anjou, duke of. See Francis.
Anne, princess of Denmark, 398, 404.
-, sister of Sigismund III, 79.
Anthonyson, Makyn, widow of Gelyne A., of Flushing, 353.
-, William, 408.
Antonio, Don, prior of Crato, pretender,
king, of Portugal, 53:
-, letter from, 319.
-, Harborne urges Turks to restore, 101, 102; Barton's plan to get them to aid, 138, 173–4.
-, sends Jew to get Turkish aid, 281.
-, Ceuta treating with, 395.
-, enemy hears leads army from England, 396.
Antwerp, Andwarp, Andwarpe, Andwarpt, Andwerp, Antwarpe,
Antwerpe, Antwerpen, Anwarp,
Anwarpe, Anwart, Anwerp,
Anwerpe, Anwerpte [Antwerp,
Belgium], 32, 181, 258, 320,
-, news from, 1, 266, 274, 305, 349, 400.
-, Italian shipwrights at, 17.
-, ships at, 40.
-, Ste. Aldegonde's wife at, 49.
-, Allen's book printed at, 51, 74.
-, Zeeland trade to, 59, 351; forbidden, 234, 254.
-, peace bruits at, 65, 69; suggested for treaty, 73, 94.
-, discontent in, 122.
-, Parma at, 183, 196; failed to get loan at, 188.
-, great man's funeral at, 216, 267.
-, guns and powder sent to, 228, 281.
-, Anjou's enterprise at, referred to, 259.
-, Parma garrisons, 306, 310, 323; burghers disarmed, 312, 403.
-, debts of, to Holstein, 310.
-, siege of, referred to, 331, 381.
-, English rebels at, 350.
-, Stanley at, 366, 398.
-, exchange rates at, 370, 383–6.
-, Parma urged to tax, 399.
-, English house at, 349.
-, governor of. See Mondragon, Cristobal de.
-, greffier of. See Martiny, Guillaume.
-, reformed church at: Killigrew gets Allen's book from one of, 2; Roels presses for expenses of herein, 46, 60, 84; paid, 213, 253.
Aragon [Spain], 102, 157.
Aragon, Charles d', duke of Terra Nova, 97.
Aras. See Arras.
Archipelago, the, 201.
Ardabil, Ardevell, Ardevil, Ardevile,
Ardevill [Azerbijan, Persia]:
-, Turks take, 102.
-, Jaffer burns villages near, 166.
-, obstacle to peace, 201.
-, Persian defeat near, 335.
Aremberg, Arenberghe, Arenborgh, count of. See Ligne, Charles de.
Arensma, Arnsma, Arsma, Christoffel, Friesland member of Council of State, 253, 374.
Argia, Argier. See Algiers.
argosies. See ships.
armada, armado. See Spain, navy of.
Armontes. See Aumont.
armour, corslets, cuissaux:
-, Burnham buys, for Walsingham in Holland, 11, 177; sends Adrian to Utrecht for, 49; receives 200l. for, 103; Adrian sending, 158.
-, prices of, in Netherlands, 82; scarcity of, 100.
-, Norris obtains in Netherlands, 313.
armourers. See Adrian; Hore, William.
Armuden, Armuyden, Armuyeden.
-, See Arnemuiden.
army, English, in the Low Countries:
-, Zeeland hopes for better aid from, 7.
-, Willoughby's note on granting of captaincies, 9; Buck's declaration, 30; Colman and Savage's accounts, 31.
-, 2000 to return if Armada comes, 18; States' consent asked, 19, 27–8; granted, 26–7.
-, complaints of weakness of, 41, 68, 69, 93, 183, 185, 288; none available for field, 141, 197, 407; not at half strength, 244; States ask reinforcement of, 117, 244, 253, 283–4, 339; weakness denied, 337.
-, Geertruidenberg to be included in, 56, 66; men to be sent there, 397.
-, captains absent, 68, 183, 185; Willoughby would replace them, 55.
-, note of 1000 sent to England, 89, 132; march, 91; lack shipping, 103, 106, 176; gone over, 113, 115; States asked to release, 118; new levies should replace, 119; their return urged, 136, 141, 142, 143, 159, 183; returning, 176.
-, horse go with Schenck, 90, 162; Willoughby opposes, 150; but has to agree, 193, 197; States should pay them, 207.
-, Willoughby would withdraw from field, 182, 379, 383.
-, Queen would convert horse to foot, 191; States do not answer, 250.
-, rumour of new forces, 217, 244.
-, actions at siege of Bergen. See under Bergen-op-Zoom.
-, forces withdrawn from, for Portugal voyage. See under Norris, Sir John.
-, at Utrecht, keeps neutral, 225, 253; Leicester put under Deventer, 304; Mörs asks removal, 342.
-, Ortel requires that all be used in field, 241; town garrisons to be as limited in Treaty, 250.
-, States will not admit to towns, 244.
-, Norris to threaten recall if States neglect Bergen, 247.
-, Willoughby sends Colman to Privy Council about, 270; his requests, 293.
-, Ortel's complaints about, 282–3; answers previously made, 283; apostilles to memorial, 415; suggests paying money in place of, 324.
-, Holland's requests about, 328, 329.
-, Bodley to answer States' complaints of, 333–4.
-, Council of State's memorial to Norris about, 369; notes thereon, 402–3.
-, forces from, to help relieve Wachtendonk, 372; difficulties and discussions thereof, 374; against Willoughby's judgment, 378.
-, lists of captains and companies in, 213, 223–4, 263, 409–10.
-, musters of:
-, abbreviates of, 137, 223, 268.
-, to be stricter, 141.
-, Digges' papers on, 161, 229, 231, 272, 293–6; disputes with States over, 296–7; his proposals adopted, 279– 80, 311; his orders about, 251.
-, T. Digges' services in, 255–6.
-, States wish their commissaries to attend, 283; but do not send them, 337.
-, frauds in, 339.
-, Willoughby's request about, 298.
-, memorial for Bodley on, 316; to answer States' complaints about, 334, 356–7.
-, States order general muster, 388.
-, accounts of, an inextricable labyrinth, 394.
-, notes to States' complaints about, 402–3.
-, money due to officers of, 411.
-, pay and lendings of:
-, estimates of, 91, 128–9, 291, 343, 406, 411.
-, new establishment, referred to, 109.
-, no treasure left, 113.
-, requests for lendings, 119; warrants for them, 147, 323.
-, could be sent by exchange, 156; merchants' agreement to do so, 326–7, 368; its delays, 220, 383.
-, auditor needed, 159, 239.
-, cavalry lendings too small, 162; petition for higher, 163; not shown to Queen, 179; was answered, 292; answer, 413.
-, money issued, 170.
-, captains' debts, 194–5, 407–9; Bodley to examine, 316; debts to Brielle and Flushing, 352–5.
-, discontent at reduction of lendings, 199; Willoughby protests, 204, 205.
-, warrant for full pay promised, 218.
-, sums due, 1586–7, 222; Sherley's answer thereon, 274–7.
-, Council's answers to Willoughby about, 239, 240, 307, 311.
-, requests for pay, 274, 298, 388.
-, Digges' note of causes hindering accounts, 296–7.
-, corporals, gentlemen, musketeers, paid extra, 356.
-, extraordinary charges, Oct. and Nov., 358.
-, States' stores used, 367.
-, corporal of field in. See Acton, Thomas.
-, general, lord, of. See Bertie, Peregrine; Dudley, Robert.
-, lieutenant colonel of. See Morgan, Sir Thomas; Norris, Sir John.
-, lord marshal of. See Pelham, Sir William.
-, master of the ordnance of. See Bingham, Sir Richard.
-, muster-master-general of. See Digges, Thomas.
-, overseer of musters of. See Digges, James.
-, sergeant-major of. See Wilsford, Sir Thomas.
-, treasurer at wars of. See Huddleston, Richard; Sherley, Sir Thomas.
-, vice-treasurer of. See Lecester, George.
-, See also Brielle; cautionary towns; Flushing; musters, commissaries of; Ostend.
- See also under Farnese; Spain; United Provinces.
Arnemuiden, Armuden, Armuyden, Armuyeden, Arnin [Zeeland, Netherlands], mutiny of, referred to, 7, 69, 277, 328.
Arnhem, Aernhem, Arneham, Arnham, Arnheim [Gelderland,
-, supplied, 155; men sent to, 309; Queen urges States to supply, 315.
-, attack feared, 216, 258, 303; enemy plans against, 345.
-, takes enemy convoy, 342.
-, news from, 370.
-, in danger if Wachtendonk lost, 379; or if Rheinberg falls, 388.
-, Mörs takes forces towards, 400.
Arnsma. See Arensma.
Arques, Anne d', duke of Joyeuse, 61, 153.
Arras, Aras [Pas de Calais, France], 26.
Arsma. See Arensma.
artillery. See guns.
Artois, Artoys, county of, Spanish
-, pacification of, referred to, 97.
-, plan to win over, 216; time ripe, 366.
-, Stewart makes no claim against, 286.
-, Parma favours Walloons to please, 350; would garrison towns of, 323.
-, French flee to, 399.
-, bands of ordonnance of, 399.
-, president of. See Grussot, Jean de.
Artye, Henry, 408.
Arundel, Arundle, earl of. See Howard, Philip.
Asch, Jacob van, apothecary, of Utrecht, 331.
Ascoli, Ascholla, Ascoly, prince, duke, of. See Leyva, Antonio Luis de.
Ashefild, William, 293.
Ashenden, William, 160.
Ashley, Asheley, Anthony, clerk of the Council, document certified by, 50; late servant of, 76.
-, William, English ambassador in Scotland, States ask Queen to write to, about Stewart's claims, 221; is to urge stay of the reprisals, 372.
Asmi Effendi, hogha, hogia, schoolmaster of Turkey:
-, corrupt, 101.
-, Harborne presses, for attack on Spain, 102; being Persian, favours it, 138; his advice, 173.
Asperon. See Boetselaer, Rutger van.
Assonville, Christophe d', councillor of Flanders, 171.
Astrakhan, Astrican [Russia], 352.
Atricke, James, 293.
Atwood, Edward, Merchant Adventurer, late servant of Henry Allington, 348.
Atys, Mathias, 408.
Audeley, Audley, lord. See Touchet, George.
Augsburg [Bavaria, Germany], letter from and petition to magistrates of, 369.
Augusta, princess of Denmark, 404.
Aumâle, Aumall, Aumalle, duke of. See Lorraine, Charles de.
-, chevalier d'. See Lorraine, Claude de.
Aumont, Armontes, Omont, Jean d', marshal of France, 209, 363.
Auskala. See Leyva, Antonio Luis de.
Austria, house of, 58.
-, archdukes of. See Albert; Charles; Ferdinand; Matthias; Maximilian.
Auxborne, John, master of Swallow, 143.
Avalos, d'Avelas, Davila, d'Avillia, Cæsar, marquis del Guasto, Alguesco, 298; horsemen of, in Brabant, 172.
-, Martin de, Armada prisoner in Zeeland, 111, 116; examination of, 112; to be exchanged for Teligny, 155.
Awdley, lord. See Touchet, George.
Axel, Axele, Axell [Zeeland, Netherlands], Burghley advises diversion at, 140; supplies sent to, 155; operations at, referred to, 353.
Aylva, Duwus van, letters signed by, 287.
-, Wybrant van, letters signed by, 287.
Aysma, Aisma, Aisna, Docche, Doecke, letters signed by, 287.
-, Dr. Hessel, president of Friesland:
-, letter from, 269.
-, letter to, referred to, 400.
-, sends petition to Queen, 269; States of Friesland ill treat, 287; Queen urges restoration of, 301; Council of State writes on behalf of, 343.
Azores, Ayores, the isles, 400.