Elizabeth: January 1564, 1-15

Pages 1-17

Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Elizabeth, Volume 7, 1564-1565. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1870.

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January 1564, 1-15

A.D. 1564.
Jan. 1.
1. Smith to the Queen.
Sends two books, one in rhyme, containing an argument of the greatness and power of God; the other an epistle sent from the Pope's man to a Queen.—Paris, 1 Jan. 1563. Signed.
Orig. Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
Jan. 2. 2. The French in Eton College.
"Information of the disorders of Frenchmen since their coming to Eton College."
1. Sebastian the butler, about Michaelmas last, attempted to enforce a young woman that brought them victuals from the country.
2. A lewd woman, taken in a barn, confessed that she came thither by one of the Frenchmen's appointment.
3. Having the use of the house of office at their wills, the same has been abused, both by the common resort of the vilest of them, and also by other ways not to be rehearsed; and being restrained thereof, they have put stones into the lock to keep out the Fellows themselves.
4. Some of them made water against one of the Fellow's chamber door.
5. They attempted to corrupt two of the ushers' scholars to bring unto them evil women.
6. Their kitchen being under the ushers' chamber, they have thrust up spits in places where the boards be not closely joined, and also discharged their "dagges" upon other places of the boards.
7. They have broken open a door that leads out of their lodgings into the college leads, where (besides the abuse of the place, which is not to be rehearsed,) they cut away the lead to shoot in their guns.
8. They have and do daily kill pheasants, heronshawes, mallards, teals, and doves with their hand guns.
9. The Provost lent them beds, &c. at their first coming, which they now refuse to return.
Endd. Pp. 4.
[Jan. 2.] 3. The French in Eton College.
The Provost of Eton's information against the French Ambassador and his servants.
1. One of the Ambassador's servants came to the Provost's servant requiring the keys of the college gates to let out one of their company, which the Provost denied, for that the hour of shutting the gates was past. Afterwards Utenhovius and Duboys came to him for the same cause, to whom he answered as before. While they were talking the party came who should have gone out, accompanied with an Italian that used to resort hither to him, who also required the keys. Answered that he had sworn to observe the order of the house (which he declared), and therefore prayed them to take his doing in good part, for he had many times before told the Ambassador that he had no commandment to do otherwise. Duboys gave him evil words, and threatened to break open the gates.
2. After they were gone he caused his doors to be shut; immediately his outermost door was broken open, some of the company running against it with a form, at which the Ambassador first entered with his rapier undrawn in his hand, and Duboys with his likewise. At the door the Provost met him, with one man only, without any weapon. His words to the Provost were, Nos non sumus obstricti vestris legibus; exi, tu ipse cubabis cum eis, meaning with those who should be unlodged that night. And thus he enforced him and his company into the outer hall toward his lodging, and demanded the keys, otherwise he would have them by force. Because he was without aid, he suffered his man to fetch them, which received they departed from him.
Orig. Add. Endd. Pp. 3.
Jan. 2. 4. The Secretary of the late Spanish Ambassador to the Queen.
Desires her general letters for the restitution of the goods of Hernando and Luis de Sevilla, which have been taken by the pirates Phetipas and Johnsun.
Copy. Endd.: 2 Jan. 1563. Pp. 2.
Jan. 3. 5. Antonio Bruschetto to Cecil.
Sends the letters which have just reached him, left open for greater security. Praises the good faith of Sor. Gurone. He would be glad to know from Cecil himself that the letters of 18 and 27 Nov. have arrived in safety.—Hackney, 3 Jan. 1564.
2. P.S.—Has just received other advices from Rome of 8 Dec., which he forwards. Would like to know what Cecil thinks of the mode of writing adopted by his correspondents. Signed.
Orig. Hol., with seal. Add. Endd. Ital. Pp. 2.
Jan. 4. 6. Smith to the Queen.
1. On New Year's Eve spoke with the Admiral in Cardinal Châtillon's chamber. He told him that she thought it strange, knowing how friendly she had dealt with him, he and the Prince did so "eleng" themselves. The matters stand in these two points, the imprisonment of her Ambassador and their demand that he should confess himself a lawful prisoner. The Admiral and the Prince know what good offices Throckmorton has done for them and their cause. It is a shame if they of the religion in this realm can do nothing herein. The other point is that at which they now stick in the matter of accord, the enforcement of the treaty of Câteau Cambresis, against which is objected that she aided the Prince and his friends. She marvelled that nothingwas said to her all this time of her money. Smith said he had express command to know what answer the Prince makes herein, and how soon it shall be paid.
2. The Admiral answered that the Prince and he were grateful; she had saved their lives and procured them liberty of conscience to the service of God; but when (contrary to her protestation) she retained Newhaven and made it a private quarrel, they could not aid her against their Prince. He [the Admiral] saw no accord, nor knew of any, till he came to Caen to receive the money. Throckmorton adventured into this realm after war was proclaimed, and is a just prisoner. It is not for him to meddle in this question against the King and the Council. He is so troubled with his own matters by the Guises that he cannot meddle with hers. The entry by her into Newhaven clearly answers the treaty of Câteau Cambresis, and proves the forfeiture of her right to Calais.
3. Smith objected that the English might as well plead the entry of the French into Scotland, which the Admiral disputed. Smith said that as the entry of the English into Newhaven was for the advantage of the Prince and his party, the Queen looked to them to be secured at least from loss. The Admiral wished it were in his power, but it should be fully paid; it was only 100,000 crowns. Smith said he must ask how and when ? The Admiral answered that when they had a good peace this would not long be behind. Smith pressed for mention of time and place. The Admiral trusted the Queen, knowing his mind and answer, would not take it amiss. Smith, not knowing what she has lent or paid, or upon what condition, knew not exactly how to proceed. He had but one article, an extract from the contract. In this ignorance he durst not proceed further. So the answer is this, the Admiral and the Prince will take order that the money shall be paid; when and how tarries upon the agreement of the peace.
4. The writer complained to the Admiral that Barnaby was not suffered to come to Throckmorton, and asked his help with the Queen Mother. The Admiral said that Smith might do this better than himself, but he would essay what could be done.
5. On New Year's Day the Admiral's secretary, M. De Pré, told him that the Queen had given Barnaby a resolute answer, and she marvelled that Smith would again be so earnest for him, for in that matter she was resolved. The Admiral being troubled with his own affairs and the death of Captain Charry, has probably not moved the matter of Barnaby with the Queen.—Paris, 4 Jan. 1563. Signed.
Orig. Add. Endd. Pp. 10.
Jan. 4. 7. Smith to Throckmorton.
1. The Admiral has endeavoured to obtain of the Queen that Barnaby might come to him, but it will not be. She is irritated by that message he had to do unto the King here in Latin, the sum whereof was, that as they had forsaken such offers of treating as he made at his last negociation, he had no command from her to speak of peace till the King has made as reasonable offers to her; and forasmuch as some write over that she would seek peace upon her knees, she will declare that they who have so said were deceived, and she will show it by deeds. To this the Chancellor answered in French, coldly, that they had no such opinion of her, they took her for a mighty Prince; and as for the peace, both they and she have need of it, and all the Princes in Christendom.
2. They take Throckmorton for the author of this message, which is why they show him and Barnaby less favour. Because Lord Robert (as Throckmorton writes) requires that Barnaby be sent home, he means to despatch him with the negociation he had with the Admiral, who says he had but 100,000 crowns, and, the peace being concluded, he will obtain licence of the King to "cottise" themselves and satisfy Her Majesty thereof very willingly, as reason is.— 4 Jan. 1563.
Jan. 5. 8. Throckmorton to Smith.
Smith shall do well to stay his despatch a while to attend some courier from England, and also see what this great assembly means. If he is resolved to send his despatch, would wish that some other than Barnaby might carry it. The Admiral received about 100,000 crowns of him; there were other payments by others amounting to 400,000 crowns. Sends letters to Lord Robert and Mr. Secretary.—St. Germain, 5 Jan. 1563.
Jan. 5. 9. Smith to Cecil.
1. Will not negociate till he hears from him again. Has moved too much for peace. Is this the cunning wherein Sir Nicholas glories, and which makes him so wise a man ? Four wise men shall have enough to do to appease these quarrels in a month that one brain-sick, furious, raging fool may stir up in an hour. Cecil will not outcrow a cock upon his own dunghill.—Paris, 5 Jan. 1563. Signed.
2. P.S.—Sends copies of the Admiral's libels, which Mme. De Guise has answered.
Orig. Add. Endd. by Cecil. Pp. 2.
Jan. 5. 10. Gresham to Cecil.
1. On the 1st inst. Sir Thomas Cotton and he, with four of the Queen's ships more, took sea at the Land's End and arrived at Zealand on the 2nd. On the 3rd he arrived with his charge at Barought, and carried it overland to Antwerp, where he arrived on the 4th. Has spoken with the doer of Brocketrope and Rantzavil, who will receive no bullion but coin. This day goes to Brussels. Has learned what noblemen hold together against the Cardinal, and who with him, and has directed the Queen's letters to the Prince and them accordingly. Copy thereof is enclosed.
2. Here is a proclamation that no English ships shall lade here as long as there are any Dutch ships; as also divers goods defended that none shall come into England. The Deputy of the Merchants has informed him that of such goods as are defended by the last proclamation, divers of their company had laden and paid custom for the same before the edict came out. So they have required him to move the Regent that they may pass, which he will attempt when he delivers the Queen's letters. Also this day he has received letters from Mundt for Cecil, who has written to his factor that there shall come shortly to the Queen out of that quarter a gentleman, requiring that he may be secretly transported to her. The Count of Meggen shall be presently sent by the King of Spain to the Queen of Scots, to treat of a marriage between her and Don John; likewise the Constable has his secretary here practising with the Prince of Orange and others about some matter; what he cannot yet learn, but it is guessed to prevent the Cardinal's doings here, and the Cardinal of Lorraine's doings there.—Antwerp, 5 Jan. 1563. Signed.
Orig. Add. Endd. Pp. 3.
Jan. 6. 11. Throckmorton to Cecil.
1. His evil usage here keeps measure with Cecil's courtesy towards the French. The Queen's affairs take no good by it. The order to disburse 270 crowns to two persons on this side he cannot accomplish. The French will not suffer him to have any bring him money.—Castle of St. Germain, 6 Jan. Signed.
2. P.S.—He should send by the next despatch so much money as he wills to be here employed.
Orig. Hol. Add. Pp. 2.
Jan. 6. 12. Antonio Bruschetto to Cecil.
Sends letters of Dec. 5 and 8 from Sor. Gurone, who wishes to be informed whether they are acceptable. By his desire to serve the Queen he imperils not only his goods but his life. It is difficult to obtain such secret information as he can furnish.—Hackney, 6 Jan. 1564. Signed.
Orig. Hol., with seal. Add. Endd. Ital. Pp. 2.
Jan. 8. 13. Smith to Throckmorton.
Thought he should do both Lord Robert and him pleasure to send Barnaby away. To stay for that which shall come out of England is needless. The Queen will send one with her letters who may return; if Somer, he would be loth to tarry here so long. Barnaby has process in England and lost much by tarrying here. If it be for his [Throckmorton's] money, Sadler or Chevely shall do it.—Paris, 8 Jan. 1563.
Jan. 9. 14. Gresham to Cecil.
1. Has by means of Jasper Sketts had access to the Regent and delivered the Queen's letter. She said the complaints were great of injuries done to the King's subjects upon the seas.
2. Touching the Queen's order to the Lords of the Council, as the Prince of Orange was not at the Court, he delivered the letter to the Count of Egmond, and his message. When he had read it he said what the Regent had touching the complaints of the King's subjects. Answered that it was most untrue, wherewith he seemed satisfied. He had not (he said) been in the Council these six months. He asked if Secretary Torro had come to England before his coming. Gresham said no. It was thought that he had come with Torro's answer.
3. On the 8th inst., being Saturday, the Duchess sent word that she was not well, wherefore she would not stay him longer, but would answer the Queen's letter otherwise. The same day Jasper Sketts bid him to dine, where he found M. De Assyngcort, one of the Privy Council, who asked how the Queen did, and where she is this plague time, and of the amity that has been betwixt them and this country. The Cardinal came unlooked for, as Jasper said, and he would have taken his leave of Jasper before dinner, which he would not suffer. At first he seemed not to know him, saying he had forgotten him. He asked if the plague had ceased at London. He said yea. The Cardinal at departing offered to do him service, for which he thanked him. After he departed Sketts said that he had spoken with him concerning the Queen's letter, declaring that she had touched therein the coming over of Secretary Torro. He told him it was not so, and offered to send to his lodging for a copy of it; but he would not suffer him, for that he could see the Queen's letter before supper. Then he said he feared that he mistook the Cardinal. His horses coming he departed, and came the same night to Antwerp. Has obtained from the Regent that all goods shipped here by their merchants before the proclamation shall be licensed to depart.
4. Asks him upon sight hereof to cause to be paid unto Candeller the 2,000 crowns that he has paid to Longsone, as also the 4,000l. for the payment of the heirs of Lazarus Tucker. The gentleman of whom Munt wrote arrived here while he was at Brussels, who was despatched by Clough to Sir Thomas Cotton. As the bruit was that the writer had brought great treasure, he declared to the Queen's creditors what sum he brought, and to what purpose; with which they are all satisfied.—Antwerp, 9 Jan. 1564. Signed.
Copy, stained by damp. Add. Endd. Pp. 10.
Jan. 9. 15. Robert Huggins to Challoner.
Tarried by the way fourteen days, the occasion being that John Shipman fell sick of a surfeit, eating raw pork and drinking too much wine in the company of an archer and others. He made a very good end, and was confessed and heard Mass twice. He was accompanied to his grave with 300 persons with torches and wax candles. From Saragossa came a gentleman Spaniard, who brought the King letters from the Duke of Sessa, and said that in the General Council England was given for schismatic. Three days past the crucifix which stood in the way to Madrid was found bound to an olive tree and cut and broken in thirty-seven places; all the friars in Madrid came in great procession and carried it home again.—Madrid, 9 Jan. Signed.
Orig. Hol. Add.: To Challoner at Balbastro, and endd. by him. Pp. 2.
Jan. 9. 16. English Merchants in Spain.
Complaints by Challoner of various injuries inflicted upon English merchants at S. Sebastian and elsewhere in Spain by the Spanish authorities.
Draft in Challoner's hol., and endd. by him. Span. and Engl. Pp. 4.
Jan. 10. 17. Charles IX. to the Queen.
Desires that certain English pirates who have taken a ship laden with dyers' wood belonging to his subjects may be severely punished.—Narbonne, 10 Jan. 1564. Signed: Charles; —De L'Aubespine.
Add. Endd.: Touching the Mary of Feschamp. Fr. Broadside.
Jan. 10. 18. Queen Catherine De Medicis to the Queen.
Desires that she will cause speedy justice to be shown to the Frenchmen whose ship was taken.—Narbonne, 10 Jan. 1564. Signed: Caterine; —De L'Aubespine.
Add. Endd.: Touching the Mary of Feschamp. Fr. Broadside.
Jan. 10. 19. The Queen to Smith.
1. The French Ambassador has been with her and reported Smith's message there, and for answer used the same speech on the King's part that was uttered to him. He also used good words, to move her to renew the treaty. She let him understand that she had no mind to deal any further, considering she saw no disposition in them there to that which she took to be the only means to make a firm peace, and that upon the form made at Chasteau in Cambresy, which they offered her before they had Newhaven. They with contrary reasons ended; he pressing to proceed to communication.
2. For his [Smith's] proceeding, he shall speak with the King as he did at the last, and say again (in Latin) that whereas she had commanded him to break off all further communication with them before, upon consideration hereof she remains in her former opinion; for she sees that their former delays in coming to speech accords very well with this their dilatory proceedings in the matter. It is well known to them that no peace shall be meet for both, but that which was offered by them to her last summer. If they intend to make such a peace he shall require them to spend no more time, for he has no power to conclude any other. Yet her meaning is not that he should affirm that she will treat no more with them; but if he can get no good answer for the ratification of that treaty, then he shall forbear to treat with them, and advertise her of their answer.
3. She fears that, because in his treaty with them, after they had offered a mean way of accord, he put the same in writing and demanded of them whether he had conceived them well or no, they have conceived that he allowed thereof, although he said he did not assent unto them. Now therefore if they have so conceived of him, she would that it may appear that he neither likes those general sentences, nor that he has power to allow any mean but the ratification of the treaty of Cambresy. She might as well stand in demanding Calais presently as forfeited to her by them, as they do now in alleging that she has lost her right by her actions against them.
Endd. by Cecil. Copy. Pp. 7.
Jan. 10. 20. Throckmorton to Smith.
Thanks him for his offer of Sadleir and Cheveley, but he will forbear to serve his need at the bankers until he hears forth of England. Prays him as soon as his courier arrives to send the bearer unto him with such letters as be addressed to him.—St. Germain, 10 Jan. 1563.
Jan. 10. 21. Challoner to Secretary Erasso.
Complains respecting the English ships and mariners arrested and imprisoned at St. Sebastian and Gibraltar, who are treated with great severity.—Balbastro, 10 Jan. 1564.
Draft. Endd. by Challoner. Span. Pp. 2.
Jan. 10. 22. Challoner to Tipton.
Has received two letters from him touching the arrest of the eight English ships at Gibraltar, which he presented to the King, together with a copy of the testimonial, which the King said his Council should peruse. The hearing of the case is remitted back to Seville. This matter has cost him above twenty-six ducats. Their adventurers' spoils are partly the cause of this arrest. Before the end of the month the King departs towards Barcelona.—10 Jan. 1564.
Draft in Challoner's hol. and endd. by him. Pp. 5.
Jan. 10. 23. Challoner to Clough.
Details relative to the accounts between them.—Madrid, 10 Jan. 1564.
Copy. Endd by Challoner: Sent in Nicho. Palavachini's cover. Pp. 4.
Jan. 10. 24. Cuerton to Challoner.
Two ships of passage coming from Flanders, within twenty leagues of the coast met some English men-of-war, who killed the owner and hurt divers men of one ship and took the other, which is valued at 40,000 ducats. In consequence through all this coast all the English are embargoed, and at St. Sebastian worse handled than at any port. At the General Council the Queen of England and her realm are given for schismatics.—Bilboa, 10 Jan. 1564. Signed.
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. by Challoner: Per Farnham. Pp. 3.
Jan. 10. 25. Alonzo de Truxillo to Challoner.
Narrates his proceedings with Hugh Tipton in reference to Challoner's affairs.—Madrid, 10 Jan. 1564. Signed.
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. by Challoner. Span. Pp. 4.
Jan. 10. 26. Gresham to Cecil.
The lords of this town have sent him a present of wine, value 40s., desiring the Queen to be good to their town. This is the first present he ever had of this town. They mean nothing less than to fall out with her.—Antwerp, 10 Jan. 1563. Signed.
Orig. Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
Jan. 10. 27. [Gurone Bertano to Cecil?].
Gives his reasons why the Queen should refuse to acknowledge the authority of the Council of Trent, the reception of which within her realms would be prejudicial to her authority. —Rome, 10 Jan. 1564.
Orig. Ital. Pp. 4.
Jan. 10. 28. John Count Thenczin to the Queen.
Begs her aid in his distress. His brother being suitor to the Princess Cecilia of Sweden obtained the consent of her brother, the King, but could not get that of the King of Poland, and therefore set out in person, accompanied by the writer. They were captured by the King of Denmark's ships and carried to Copenhagen, where his brother died, leaving him his heir, not only of his goods and fortune but also of his love towards the Princess. Has determined to send George North, her subject, and Leo Curio, his servant, to Sweden; but first desires to have her letters of commendation in his favour for the Princess.—Copenhagen, 10 Jan. 1564. Signed.
Orig. Add. Endd. Lat. Pp. 4.
Jan. 11. 29. Passport for Augustine Langlois.
Passport for Augustine Langlois, servant to the French Ambassador in England.—Windsor, 11 Jan. 1563. Signed by Cecil.
Orig., on parchment, with Royal seal. Endd.
Jan. 11. 30. Smith to Cecil.
1. On the 9th inst. De Mauvissier delivered his of the 30th ult. The 5th inst. the King, in full Council, having heard the petitions of Mme. de Guise and the Admiral, made this accord; and commanded them that for the death of the Duke, one house should not impeach the other until three years from this day, at which time the King may have more opportunity to judge of the fact. To this accord both parties subscribed before the Council. This day De Lansac, young D'Aubespine, is sent post into Spain. D'Oysell is not yet gone to Rome. More he shall have in his next occurrences.
2. Captain Cockburne prays him to get answer of him whether in the packet taken in a ship and conveyed to the Court there was stayed a little packet of letters directed to one Peguillon, First Master of the Queen of Scots' household. —Paris, 11 Jan. 1563. Signed.
Orig., with armorial seal. Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
Jan. 11. 31. William Phayre to Challoner.
Demanded from Erazzo a copy of the decree sent to Seville, who answered that he had not yet received the information from thence. Was at Vessalius' house, but he was not at home. Nicolo Pallavicini offers all the money Challoner needs. Every day, Sundays and others, the King is at the Parliament. The Marquis of Pescara is appointed Captain General of Lombardy. Don Antonio de Toledo is well, and has been abroad this day.—Madrid, 11 Jan. 1564. Signed.
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. by Challoner. Pp. 4.
[Jan. 11.] 32. The English Merchants to the Regent of Flanders.
Having shipped certain goods prohibited to be exported, and paid the customs on them, before the publication of the said prohibition, they beg that the Customers may be directed to let them pass.
Copy. Add. Fr. Pp. 2.
Jan. 11. 33. [Gurone Bertano?] to Antonio Bruschetto.
Wrote at length on 1st Jan., since which time the Pope has extended the faculty of the Cardinal of Lorraine, whom he considers a learned and efficient man of business. The sons of the King of the Romans have been well received in Italy on their way to Spain. Hears from Flanders that there is no chance of peace between England and France; but this again is contradicted from France. Thinks that they try to induce the Pope to believe that this peace would give the Huguenots greater power in France, and thus gain their ends with him. The writer quite understands their way of proceeding, and will take care to deal with it accordingly.—Rome, 11 Jan. 1564.
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd. Ital. Pp. 4.
Jan. 12. 34. Garrison of Berwick.
At the muster of the garrison at Berwick on the 7th inst. there were present of the old crew 193, absent 77, sick 3, rooms void by death 10; and of the new crew, present 1,085, absent by licence, sickness, &c. 67, and 8 rooms void. The names of fifteen captains and eight pensioners of the new crew are mentioned. Signed: Tho. Jenyson.
Orig. Endd.: 12 Jan. 1563. Pp. 7.
Jan. 13. 35. Smith to Throckmorton.
Has no great matter to write. All four messengers (who have licence to pass) are detained in England.—Paris, 13 Jan. 1563.
Jan. 13. 36. Throckmorton to Smith.
Mauvissiere (who was with him here on Monday last) charges him now with this breach of treaty, and says he was willed so to do by the Queen Mother. By his words he could look for nothing but war. He had but a quarter of an hour's talk with him. He told him that he brought him [Smith] letters from some of the Council. He also said that betwixt Amiens and Abbeville he met Barnaby, of whose safe arrival in England he knows not.—St. Germain, 13 Jan. 1563.
Jan. 13. 37. Challoner to [William Phayre].
1. Phayre's letter needs no answer, but only that whereof Skydmore informed him. Though he conceives he did it not willingly, yet he ought to be better advised how he plays with edged tools. Sends him herewith a letter to Turgill. Palavicino is here. Longs to know how his licence for the 3,000 crowns shall speed.—Balbastro, 13 Jan. 1563. Signed.
2. P.S.—After writing hereof came Gamboa with his letters. Bids him meddle not any whit with Mr. John. Will send Vesalius within a day or two.
Orig. Hol. Endd. Pp. 2.
Jan. 13. 38. Alonzo De Truxillo to Challoner.
Recounts his proceedings in the matter of the provanza respecting the English ships and sailors taken prisoners by Don Alvaro De Bazan for having attacked a French vessel in a Spanish port.—Madrid, 13 Jan. 1564. Signed.
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. by Challoner: Received 17 ejusdem mensis. Span. Pp. 4.
Jan. 14. 39. Throckmorton to Smith.
The Admiral will not so soon from the Court, unless rendition of the arms to the Parisians, accorded this day, occasions it. Does he trow the King of Spain will be pacified with this embassy, and the Bishop of Rome with his ? It is time to pray for the poor Huguenots. His "governor's" sudden coming upon him interrupts him.—14 Jan. 1563.
Jan. 14. 40. The Queen to the King of Spain.
Has received his letter of the 12th Oct., by which she perceives that on account of the complaints of his subjects he has ordered the Duchess of Parma to proceed against her subjects by means of edicts. His late Ambassador used to say that it was not his business to attend to matters of commerce, which gave rise to great injuries. Complains that his subjects cover the goods of the French by claiming them as their own, thereby defrauding her subjects of their prizes. Is willing to send Commissioners to Dunkirk or Bruges to settle these disputes in April or May, if the war with the French ceases before that time; otherwise she desires that he will send his to Sandwich or Canterbury. Has sent Dr. Dale to the Duchess of Parma to procure the retractation of the edict forbidding the importation of English cloth on account of the plague; and also the exportation of certain other commodities. —Windsor, 14 Jan. 1564.
Copy. Endd.: 14 Jan. 1563. Fr. Pp. 7.
Jan. 14. 41. Challoner to Phayre.
Wishes Doctor Vesalius would dine with him at Balbastro on Sunday or Monday. Desires him to send the licence for 3,000 ducats by the bearer.—14 Jan. 1564. Signed.
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
Jan. 14. 42. Bernardo Ferrario to Sir John Mason.
Forwards an enclosure for the Secretary. Hears much of the projects intended against the Queen, which should place her upon the defensive. Wishes he might serve her, as he has her predecessors.—Pavia, 14 Jan. 1564. Signed.
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd.: 14 Jan. 1564. Ital. Pp. 2.
Jan. 14. 43. Bernardino Ferario to Cecil.
Has discovered that the League continues to make preparations against England, as he has written in his three previous letters.—Pavia, 14 Jan. 1564. Signed.
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd.: 14 Jan. 1564. Ital. Pp. 2.
Jan. 15. 44. Randolph to Cecil.
1. Was willed upon New Year's Day to be at the Court. Talked with the Queen, but nothing to the effect he looked for. Has moved the Council for justice against the Baske and his complices, who have had taken divers of his countrymen, and sold their goods. He charged him and them with piracy, and noted the dishonour to this country. The same ship is ready to depart with another in company, well manned and furnished, except she be stayed, which will not be. Being lately moved again in behalf of the men of Dundee, he let them "witte" they should receive such justice as they gave.
2. Cecil knows what solemnities are used upon the 12th day of Christmas; it was no less here than in any other place. Fleming was Queen. At this solemnity the writer was, and had honour enough for one day in the Queen's presence, and sometimes talking with her. She asked Murray if he [Randolph] had spoken with him of his message. He answered that he had, but in mirth. Finds that he desires nothing more than to have it as Cecil wishes, but will be loth to be the persuader of her unto it.
3. The Saturday after she said to him that within a day or two she would send Lethington to confer with him of those matters he had moved unto her. Upon Monday last they taked together, and declared their Sovereigns' good mind towards each other.
4. The Lord of Arran is somewhat inclined to his old humour. He desires solitariness and dark rooms, is suspicious of all men he speaks with, and his whole body is infected with the yellow jaundice. The order of his life is to lie long in bed and to eat little, without any sound sleep. Great means have been made at this time for his delivery, but nothing could be obtained. The Duke never showed himself more earnest in matters of religion than now, which greatly continues his credit amongst the Protestants, and offends as much some others. Persuades those that are most likely to be the stirrers in such causes not to give over much trust unto the benefits they shall find in seeking to root out idolatry so clean as they desire, and subvert their whole commonwealth. The attempt that this Queen made to have Knox punished for a letter written to his brethren of the Congregation, (who by a common band had promised assistance to each other,) and she failing of her intent against him, causes her to think that she shall be unable to bring other things to pass, be it either to marry a Papist or to bring in a stranger. All are now in peace. The most part of the nobles are departed home. The Queen is well, and continues her journey to Jedburgh the 25th inst., in as cold a winter as has been many years.
5. The Queen shall shortly be written unto from this Queen that the Earl of Bothwell may have license to pass out of the country into France, or some other place. Leaves him to judge what her meaning is thereby, but of one thing can assure him; if it were not that men would wonder why the Earl of Arran is kept prisoner and he set at liberty, she would not care though the other was as great as any in Scotland. Sends here a bill delivered him by the Justice Clerk by command of the Queen. There is taken in this town a Scot, a maker of false coin, who about nine or ten weeks past came out of England, and has a good space remained about Alnwick. He has confessed that these men named in this bill are his partners of the gain. Though this man's accusation can be nothing prejudicial to an Englishman, yet if they were taken, their houses searched, and themselves examined, something may be found that may argue him false. Some others greater than these about those parts are suspected. The Scot that is taken here is Thomas Pebles, of the other two one is a Scot.
6. The best and most part here favour Cecil's action more than the French. It is reported that the King of Spain will take part with France. Since his arrival here there neither came messenger nor letter unto this Queen out of France, whereat she is much offended. Reported unto her the return of her uncle, the Cardinal, into Lorraine. She likes now full evil the government in France. The Duke not long since received good news from thence, but no hope of his land or pension, though they write him as Duke of Châtellerault. Has done his commendations to Murray and Lethington as he wrote.—Edinburgh, 15 Jan. 1563. Signed.
7. P.S.—This day came hither Mr. Colwiche to complain of the Laird of Cesford for lack of justice.
Orig. Add. Endd. Pp. 6.
Jan. 15. 45. Smith to Cecil.
1. On the 11th inst. the Spanish Ambassador came (as he said) to declare that the pretence which is made at this present to send M. De Lansac and D'Aubespine's son into Spain is but a ruse. Of all this sending to Spain the Queen Mother has not made him privy, though she knows that the King of Spain has said that he will not attend to such things till he has word from his Ambassador.
2. They will declare to the King that they have found the Queen of England not willing to make peace upon reasonable condition, and therefore they desire his aid, or at the least his consent and agreement to make war, and to bring her to reason. Whereunto, the Ambassador says, he is sure the King will not consent. Among other talk Smith put to him that he heard say that King Philip, the Duke of Savoy, and other Princes should meet at Nice and there treat of a league; the Ambassador denied the coming of the King, and that his master would never be one in such a league, but that the French would fain have such a league made.
3. On the 11th inst. the Ambassador of Savoy visited him, who holds himself and his master great friends of England. So long, said he, as the Duke of Guise lived, and had the mastery, then the Spanish Ambassador was well esteemed; now the Court is changed. The Queen applies herself to the strong party. And the Pope says it was the Queen and the Constable that made him make those processes against the Queen of Navarre, Cardinal Châtillon, and his brethren. Now, says he, when it comes forth they are angry with him for it. It is they that have changed their minds. The Constable consented that the Admiral, D'Andelot, and the Cardinal should be hanged and quartered; now he says they are the honestest men in France. They speak as evil of the Pope now in this Court as in the English.
4. Asked him if the Emperor's children were passed into Spain. He said that ten days past they were about Geneva, to pass to Villa Franca, and then at Nice to embark for Spain. Le Baron De La Garde is gone thither to conduct them to Marseilles.—Paris, 15 Jan. 1563. Signed.
Orig. Add. Endd. by Cecil. Pp. 7.
Jan. 15. 46. Smith to Throckmorton.
The rendition of their arms to the Parisians is not yet so certain, for they shall neither have pistolets, nor arquebuses, nor watch at the gates. Of the departing of the Admiral can he learn nothing for certain. Of the ambassadors what he should think he knows not. Some suppose it is to make them [the English] afraid. Baron De La Garde is gone to the Duke of Savoy.—Paris, 15 Jan. 1563.
Jan. 15. 47. Catherine De Medicis to Paul De Foix.
1. Sends letters by a Scot, who by the King's command went to St. Germain to give Throckmorton his letters and news about his wife. Throckmorton expresssed himself most anxious to take part in the negociations for peace. Had an interview with him yesterday in the garden at the Bonnes Hommes, which lasted more than two hours. Could only get him to say how necessary he thought it for both sides, and that if she would let him know what the terms of the peace should by, he would write to his mistress . . . . . She said that if the four French gentlemen detained in England were set at liberty there would be no further difficulty. Throckmorton said that they were hostages for 500,000 crowns, which it would be well for the King to pay and thus avoid the inconvenience of war, especially considering the late tempest in his realm which was not yet quite appeased. . . . . . . . . .
2. She replied that her son's subjects had all returned to their obedience; that he had taken measures which would content both parties, and that the goodwill of the King Catholic was such that they looked rather to be aided than hindered in their affairs by him. As for giving money for the said gentlemen, that would be to return to the terms of the treaty of Câteau Cambresis, which they have always guarded against, as the Queen of England had lost all rights which she might have through it by her infraction of the same. She had also been blamed by the Council for consenting that in this negociation the Queen of England's rights were reserved. She also said that the Queen should first pay them 4,000,000 in gold, which it had cost to drive her people out of France. Throckmorton said that his mistress had herself spent more than 2,000,000, and that she had only sent her people into France at the request of the King's subjects for his service. This she denied, and said that the Admiral had declared to the Council that he had never consented to the entrance of any English into France.
3. They then disputed on this and other points without coming to any conclusion. She promised to speak to the Council for permission for him to write to his mistress . . . . . .—Paris, 15 Jan. 1563.
Copy. Endd. by Cecil: 15 Jan. 1563. Copy of the French Queen's letter to the French Ambassador, taken at Dover. Passages in cipher, now first deciphered. Fr. Pp. 4.
[Jan. 15.] 48. Cuerton to Challoner.
The English who come to this coast are stayed, and in Saint Sebastian no Englishman can go forth the gates on pain of death. In this seignory of Biscay they are better treated than elsewhere, and in the province of Guipuscoa worst of all. Desires that the young priest who comes to him may be favoured and helped.—Bilboa, 15 Jan. 1563. Signed.
Orig. Hol. Add.: To Challoner, at Balbastro, and endd. by him: 16 Jan. 1563. Pp. 4.
Jan. 15. 49. Advices from Vienna, Rome, etc.
1. Vienna, 29 Dec. 1563. The Emperor is in good health. A diet is fixed to be held at Worms on Easter. Intelligence about Alexander, the old Vaiwode, and the Wallachians, Moldavians, and Turks.
2. Rome, 15 Jan. 1564. The Bishop of Feltre is dead, &c.
3. Cracow, 5 Jan. News from Moldavia, Sweden, Poland, Denmark, &c.
Orig. Endd. Ital. Pp. 4.
Jan. 15. 50. Translation of the above into English.
Endd. Pp. 4.
Jan. 15. 51. [Gurone Bertano?] to Antonio Bruschetto.
Is sometimes consulted on matters of importance by the Cardinal Borromeo, which he encourages, as giving him information which may be of service to the Queen. The Pope has lately submitted the Council to the revision of eight cardinals, certain doctors, and some practical men of the world, who shall decide whether he shall accept it as a whole or with limitation. Their opinions on this point vary. The writer has been asked for his opinion, which he has given, and of which he sends a copy to the secretary [Cecil] for the Queen's inspection. Rome would not object to act with kindness towards England, remembering that at the time when it was sacked, King Henry sent 100,000 crowns for the payment of the army to assist the Pope. Thinks it would be for their advantage that the Pope should retain his authority. Rome, 15 Jan. 1564.
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd. Ital. Pp. 4.