Elizabeth: October 1567

Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Elizabeth, Volume 8, 1566-1568. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1871.

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'Elizabeth: October 1567', in Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Elizabeth, Volume 8, 1566-1568, (London, 1871) pp. 350-364. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-state-papers/foreign/vol8/pp350-364 [accessed 24 April 2024]

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October 1567

Oct. 1. 1737. Hugh Clough to Gresham.
Touching the non-payment of certain sums of money owing to Gresham.—London, 1 Oct. 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
Oct. 1. 1738. Kirkcaldy of Grange to the Earl of Bedford.
This day will receive the Castle of Dunbar to the Regent's use. There is little appearance of any ado upon the fields, for both north and south are seeking favours. Will shortly send the gosshawk he desired.—Dunbar, 1 Oct. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ¾.
Oct. 1. 1739. The French Ambassador to Cecil.
The bearer, a French merchant, has been plundered by a well-known English pirate named "Conq," who has retired into Ireland. Begs his assistance that he may have right done.—London, 1 Oct. 1567.Signed.
Add. Endd. Fr. P. ½.
Oct. 1 & 2. 1740. Articles debated between the Prince of Conde and the Deputies of the French King.
1. The Prince insists on the free exercise of religion throughout the realm, all foreigners to be dismissed, all taxes imposed since the reign of Louis XII. to be abolished, an account of the finances for the last seven years, four strong towns to be placed in his hands, all those who have been deposed from their offices on account of religion to be restored. There is great difficulty about the laying down of arms. The most part of those with the Prince desire to terminate the affair by arms. Gives a list of the persons sent at different times to negotiate a peace with the Prince of Conde.
2. List of the different noblemen and others on either side.
Endd. Fr. Pp. 8.
Oct. 2. 1741. Sir Thomas Gresham to Cecil.
Sends Clough's letter of the 27th ult. Craves his help for the repayment of 4,000l. still owing to him by the Queen.— Gresham House, 2 Oct. 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ½.
Oct. 2. 1742. Hugh Clough to Gresham.
Has been to the Lord Treasurer, who has promised to give full answer for the 4,000l. this afternoon. Has taken up 650l. and 510l. at usance.—2 Oct. 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
Oct. 4. 1743. The Earl of Bedford to Cecil.
Marvels at the stay of his discharge from this place. On the 1st instant, Dunbar was delivered to the Regent. A Laird of this country named Swinbourne is in trouble about falsifying of seals or writings for tenure of lands. Thinks him a very unlikely man to do such an act.—Newcastle, 4 Oct. 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd: Pp. 2.
Oct. 4. 1744. The Earl of Bedford to Cecil.
1. Has received advertisement of the taking of Dunbar.
2. Refers his coming home to his consideration.—Newcastle, 4 Oct. 1567. Signed.
Add. P. ½.
Oct. 5. 1745. The Queen to Gresham.
Is willing that the money owing to him be put out at usance for a month, and that he shall be answered for the loss and interest growing thereby.—Windsor Castle, 5 Oct 1567.
Draft. Endd. Broadside.
Oct. 6. 1746. The Spanish Ambassador to the Queen.
Complains of the seizure of a Spanish ship conveying criminals to the galleys by Achines of Plermua (Hawkins of Plymouth). Desires that certain English ships now fitting out in different ports may be prevented from going to New Spain and the Indies. Requests that these and other disorders may be redressed.—London, 6 Oct. 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Span. Pp. 1¼.
Oct. 6. 1747. The Spanish Ambassador to Cecil.
Letter of credence for the bearer, his secretary.—London, 6 Oct. 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Lat. P. ½.
Oct. 6. 1748. Richard Clough to Gresham.
1. The Regent is very sick, and the Duke of Alva not very well.
2. The Count of Egmont has great liberty and most of his men have free passage to him. For France there beginneth a great business. The Prince of Conde and all his company are proclaimed enemies to the King. It is said that he has besieged the King in Meaux and taken many of the holds. All the gentlemen who fled out of Flanders are gone to him. There have gone out of Normandy towards Orleans at least 10,000 men, women, and children. There is doubt if it come to blows that the Dutch [soldiers] will not fight, for they have every holiday sermons according to the Confession of Augsburg, and say that they are come to serve against the rebels, but will not fight against them of the religion. Four days past, an ambassador came from the Palsgrave to entreat for Count Egmont. Complains of the detention of his letters.—Antwerp, 6 Oct. 1567. Signed.
Pp. 4.
Oct. 7. 1749.Richard Clough to Cecil.
The Prince of Conde lies before Paris, and has burnt all the mills and stopped the passages by water and land. The King has escaped out of Meaux and is come to Paris. The fleet of Spain was met by Conquet wherein is 6,000 Spaniards. —Antwerp, 7 Oct. 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
Oct. 7. 1750. Lord Scrope to Cecil.
Renews his suit for certain lands in Lincolnshire, to the value of 50l. yearly in fee farm. The election of the mayor has been orderly. Those of Eskdale have made a raid into the inland of Scotland and brought home a great booty. Encloses a schedule of certain lands in Yorkshire which he wishes to exchange with the Queen.—Carlisle, 7 Oct. 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 1½.
Lands in Yorkshire.
Schedule of lands belonging to Ellerton Priory in Yorkshire mentioned in Scrope's letter.
P. ¾.
Oct. 8. 1751. The Earl of Bedford to Cecil.
Thanks him for his courteous letter containing, with other things, a plain discourse of his meaning to foreign parts. Has written to the Queen touching his revocation. Complains much of the delay. Divers have been suitors for the Castle of Dunbar, which has driven the Earl of Murray to some consideration so to deal as no offence might ensue. Desires his advice if Murray should come towards the Borders.— Berwick, 8 Oct. 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 3½.
Oct. 9. 1752.John Bennett to Cecil.
1. Has been to Carlisle. Divers of the gunners who take the Queen's pay come not there once in the year.
2. The powder house is blown up, so there is not a handful of powder left there. All the ordnance is unmounted.— Newcastle, 9 Oct. 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ½.
Oct. 9. 1753. The Queen to the Earl of Bedford.
Revokes him from the government of Berwick, which he is to leave to Sir William Drury and the other officers of the Council of the town. Before his return he is to reform the disorders on the Borders. With respect to the fifty footmen lent to Sir John Forster to serve in Harbottle, he is to order that room as heretofore without any new charge.—
Draft corrected by Cecil. Endd. Pp. 3.
Oct. 10. 1754. The Spanish Ambassador to Cecil.
Desires that a cause between one Fennar and a Spaniard may be brought into the Admiralty Court.—London, 10 Oct. 1567. Signed.
Endd., with seal. Lat. P. ½.
Oct. 10. 1755. The Spanish Ambassador to Cecil.
Complains of one George Alkington who has informed against certain Flemings for non-payment of customs in the King's Bench in hopes of extorting money from them.— London, 10 Oct. 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Lat. P. ¾.
Oct. 10. 1756. Sir Henry Norris to the Queen.
1. The Chancellor brought back from St. Denis from the Prince of Conde ten articles, which have stirred up a fire which will hardly be quenched. They are chiefly that the Prince of Conde shall have the government of the King during his minority, all strangers to avoid the realm, certain appointments to be made, and preaching and liberty of conscience throughout the realm, and one of the King's brethren to be given into the Prince's hands as a hostage. The second day the Prince's company skirmished at the town side and burnt seventeen windmills; and M. La Croq's eldest son slain in the town, being called but Huguenot only. The passages are all stopped. The Prince of Conde did not open her packet, but he did the King's, and having perused it afterwards sent it to him.
2. Count Montgomery comes with a great force out of Normandy, Rochefoucault from Poitou, and Grammont from Gascony. Strozzi coming to the King with 700 harquequsiers of the old crew, the Admiral and M. De Mouy are gone against him with 800 horse. On the 7th October the King sent a herald to the Prince to proclaim that all who were with him should unarm and repair hither, whereby they might save their lives and goods, which if they refused to do should be confiscated. The herald being brought to the Prince was charged that if he had anything that touched their honours he should take heed to speak it except he had no care of the loss of his life which he should be assured to lose.
3. The same day the Constable after the King had dined, in his presence afore divers noblemen and gentlemen declared how the King, trusting to bring certain of his subjects to good conformity by his clemency, sent his Chancellor to assure them that his Edicts made for religion and pacification should be inviolably kept, and that no man should be molested for the same; and that touching other small articles he was in full mind to have satisfied them. Notwithstanding they would not submit themselves to any reason, and would not vouchsafe to send once to the King; wherefore he is fully resolved to declare them rebels, and prosecute them accordingly, praying his nobility to assist him in this his just quarrel, for the maintenance whereof he would venture both body and goods. Whereunto the nobility gave their consents. On the 8th, proclamation was made that if the Prince with his associates would submit themselves to the King within three days he would freely pardon all that was past, which if they refused then to be accounted as rebels, and to be lawful to all the King's subjects to kill all such as they shall find armed. So that now the peasants arm themselves for their defence and to execute this proclamation. The Constable is Lieutenant-General of the King's army.—Paris, 10 Oct. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 2¾.
Oct. 10. 1757. Sir Henry Norris to Cecil.
On the 5th La Mothe was sent to him to declare that the King was advertised of his secretary Mr. Barnaby's being with the Prince at St. Denis. Wrote to the King the letter a copy of which he encloses. The people have the Constable and the Chancellor in such mistrust that they may not without peril ride in the streets.—Paris, 10 Oct. 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. P. 1.
Oct. 6. Sir Henry Norris to Charles IX.
Denies that he has sent his secretary Mr. Barnaby to the Prince of Conde. Has not seen him since September 5th, when he despatched him into England.—6 Oct. 1567. Signed.
Copy. Fr. P. 1. Enclosure.
Oct. 11. 1758. The Duke of Chatelherault to Cecil.
Desires a passport for the six bearers, students in Paris, who are constrained through the troubles rising in France to depart home to Scotland.—Dieppe, 11 Oct. 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ½.
Oct. 11. 1759. Discourse about Spain.
An account of the possessions of the King of Spain, with a list of his nobility and bishops and their incomes, together with a list of his household and chief officers of state.
Endd. Ital. Pp. 23.
[1567.] 1760. The King of Spain's Estates.
List of the King of Spain's patrimonial estates in the Low Countries and Burgundy, with names of the towns and nobles, &c.
Undated. Fr. Pp. 20.
Oct. 12. 1761. Lord Scrope to Cecil.
Sends a copy of a letter from Lord Herries, also one from the Archbishop of St. Andrew's to Herries.—Carlisle, 12 Oct. 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ¼.
Oct. 11. Lord Herries to Lord Scrope.
Sends him a letter he has received from the Bishop of St. Andrew's and the Laird of Arbroath. Except the Queen of England takes upon her the relief of his mistress' life she will be put down as far as he sees.—Dumfries, 11 Oct. 1567.
Copy. P. ¾.
Oct. 8. The Bishop of St. Andrew's to Lord Herries.
Has received his writing making mention that a great part of the principal barons of his country are passed to the Regent to agree with him, and that he believes he will be sent for to agree. His opinion is that he should not refuse to pass to the Regent to speak with him, and if he would lay any unreasonable promise or bond to his charge, leaves it to his great wisdom, foresight, and experience so to handle the matter as to do nothing that will be prejudicial to his prince or his honour.—Craignathan, 8 Oct. 1567. Signed.
Copy. P. 1.
Oct. 12. 1762. Richard Clough to Gresham.
The Prince of Conde lies before Paris with a great power, both horse and foot. No bread was to be had there. Aid is sent for the French King from Germany and Savoy. The Turk makes great provision by the sea, and it is thought he means to have Cyprus. There is but one town to withstand him called Famagusta, which is very strong, as was declared unto Clough at his being there in 1550.—Antwerp, 12 Oct. 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 3.
Oct. 14. 1763. Richard Clough to Gresham.
The Archduke Charles has come to the Court and many noblemen with him. They of Paris hope to defend themselves against the Prince and his company, and have broken up all the stones of the streets and taken them into their houses, and have broken down all the penthouses that they might the better hurl the stones. The Prince has 6,000 good horsemen and 12,000 good soldiers besides a marvellous number of other people. The King utterly refuses his demands.—Antwerp, 14 Oct. 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1½.
Oct. 14. 1764. Richard Clough to Gresham.
Thirteen ensigns of footmen and 300 horsemen coming to the King's aid have all been slain by the Prince of Conde. No castle is to be built here, this being a town of the Empire. There are at Cleves sixty earls and lords with the Prince of Orange and every day they sit in council.—Antwerp, 14 Oct. 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
Oct. 14. 1765. The Regent Murray to Cecil.
Thanks him for his friendship, which he prays him to continue. The state of the realm draws to a great quietness, and no appearance of any stir unless the same be practised by foreign enemies. Is about to put such order on the Borders as may stand with the quietness and commodity of both realms.—Edinburgh, 14 Oct. 1567. Signed: James Regent.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
Oct. 15. 1766. Mr. Hugh Fitzwilliam to Cecil.
Is driven to great extremity for the money he borrowed being in the Queen's service in France last year, having strained himself to be in all respects as it became one to be in that place. Trusts that he will be good to him. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 3.
Oct. 1767. Robert Melville to the Earl of Bedeord.
The Regent has deliberated to take order with all diligence for his contentation, and has charged the Laird of Ferniehurst and others to be here against Saturday. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
Oct. 16. 1768. The Regent Murray to the Queen.
Desires in the King's name a passport for the Laird of Halton and others to pass through England to France.— Edinburgh, 16 Oct. 1567. Signed: James Stewart.
Royal letter. Add. Endd.
Oct. 16. 1769. Sir Thomas Gresham to Cecil.
Sends a copy of the instructions from the King of Spain how to ensure to be King absolute of the Low Countries, and to make of Brussels the place royal.—Gresham House, 16 Oct. 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ½.
Oct. 16. Articles of Instruction for the Low Countries.
Thirteen articles sent by Philip II. directing that the different provinces of the Low Countries should be incorporated into one Kingdom to be called Basse Almagne or Germanie Inferieure, the appointment of bishops, the building of fortresses, the general disarmament of the inhabitants, and the building of certain arsenals, privileges to be inspected, franchises in favour of commerce to be respected and an amnesty for past offences granted.
Copy translated from Spanish into French.
Endd. Pp. 8½. Enclosure.
Oct. 17. 1770. The Spanish Ambassador to the Privy Council.
Complains of certain informers who try to extort money from merchants who are subjects of his master.—London, 17 Oct. 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Lat. Pp. 1¼.
Oct. 17. 1771. The Earl of Bedford to the Queen.
Has received his revocation and discharge from this place, for which he thanks her. His coming hence he will not hasten for eight or ten days because he would set some better stay on the Borders, and hopes to receive justice at the hands of the officers of the other realm.—Berwick, 17 Oct. 1567. Signed.
Hol. Add. Endd. Pp. 1½.
Oct. 17. 1772. The Earl of Bedford to Cecil.
Thanks him for his goodwill in helping him to his revocation. Stays yet eight or ten days for the redress of things on the Borders. The Regent prepares about a month hence accompanied with a great force to make a general raid upon the thieves and other disordered persons of the Borders. The Lord Warden of the Middle Marches has made a raid upon the thieves, outlaws and fugitives into Scotland. Scotland seems to grow to quietness. Minds to call the band of footmen at Harbottle home, and to send others in their place.—Berwick, 17 Oct. 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2¼.
Oct. 18. 1773. James Melville to Throckmorton.
Since Lord Herries has come to Court the thieves on the Borders begin to stay. Martin Elliott has offered to cause good order to be kept from Berwick to the Hermitage so they will remit his former offences and give him 300 marks Scottish for entertainment, which is granted to him. Lord Herries has promised to obey and acknowledge the Regent. They have summoned some Papists because they heard Mass since the Queen came last to Scotland. If the Hamiltons can obtain any assistance they will seek to give trouble yet. —Edinburgh, 18 Oct. 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
Oct. 19. 1774. Richard Clough to Gresham.
As soon as the news came into Spain that the Counts Egmont and Horn were taken incontinent M. Montigny and one Renard were committed to prison. The fort shall be very great, as big as the town of Barrow. The ditches shall be 100 feet broad and 12 deep. The wall shall be made of the earth of the ditches. One foot and a half of earth and then a layer of faggots. For every rod of earth taken out being twenty feet square and one foot deep shall be paid 2s. 4d., and the work must be done by the end of November next. The wall between the fort and the town shall be broken down, so that they shall be able to spoil the town at their pleasure. 1,500 horse and three regiments of footmen shall go to the aid of the French King. The Count of Hoogstraten has hurt his hand with a gun, which by reason of ill surgery is now sawn off.—Antwerp, 19 Oct. 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 3½.
Oct. 21. 1775. The Earl of Bedford to Cecil.
Commends certain very necessary and serviceable men in their several trades meet to be kept and cherished at Berwick. —Berwick, 21 Oct. 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
Oct. 22. 1776. Information against George Carr.
William Watson of Whitton and others accuse George Carr, gentleman, of the same place, of being an accomplice with certain rebels of England and Scots in the spoil of the said Watson's house. Taken at Harbottle Castle, 22 Oct. 1567, before Sir John Forster.
Endd. Pp. 1¾.
Oct. 22. 1777. Sir Henry Norris to the Earl of Leicester.
1. There have been two conferences on the 10th and 11th with the Prince's party. Besides other things they require Calais, Boulogne, and Metz to be rendered into their hands, that the King shall first disarm, and permit the second church of every good town in France to be of the religion. Gives account of towns taken in different parts by the Protestants. Philip Strozzi has arrived with 500 soldiers, as many more went over to the Prince. A large sum of money was offered to the reiters to return; but their arrival is daily looked for, being in number 3,000. Both forces are very much increased and daily expecting more aid. The Duke of Guise journeys hitherward with the two legions of Burgundy and Champagne and eight companies of men-at-arms. Montgomery has taken Etamps and burnt the house of the Grey Friars. He is looked for to join the Prince with 1,200 horse and twenty-six companies of foot.—Paris, 22 Oct. 1567.
2. P.S.—It is reported that the Earl has broke up his table and put away his servants. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 2¼.
Oct. 23. 1778. The Earl of Bedford to Cecil.
The Regent means within these twenty-five days to ride upon the rebels and so deal with them as to drive them out of the country or else bring them in to him. He is now gone to the Queen, who is as merry and wanton as at any time since she was detained. She is not like to have any more liberty than she has. Things there be all quiet and likely so to continue.—Berwick, 23 Oct. 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
Oct. 23. 1779. Valentine Browne to Cecil.
1. Begs him to give the bearer his accustomed help in the despatch of such business as tends to the service of this town.
2. Sends him a box with the puddings of a solan goose of Scotland.—Berwick, 23 Oct. 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ¼.
Oct. 23. 1780. M. De Wachens to the Spanish Ambassador.
Complains that on the 30th August his ship was fired at by John Hawkins in Plymouth sound, that another vessel was boarded and some condemned prisoners taken out of her, and that another ship seeking refuge from the storm was driven away by the said Hawkins and afterwards lost.
Extract from a letter. Endd. Fr. P. 1.
Oct. 24. 1781. M. De Wachens to —.
Having sent the captain of a "yachte" from Flanders round from Falmouth to Plymouth, he hears that his ship was boarded by a boat full of Englishmen, who plundered her and carried her out to sea to cruise after some Breton ships, but were afterwards driven back by stress of weather and left her. The captain thinks that they were some of Hawkins' people whose vessels were lying at Plymouth.—Isle of Wight, 24 Oct. 1567. Signed: Adolf De Bourgoine.
Copy. Endd. Fr. Pp. 1½.
Oct. 24. 1782. Sir William Drury to Cecil.
Requires his favour that the bearer may be encouraged by some entertainment to continue his service, which is needful for this town.—Berwick, 24 Oct. 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ½.
Oct. 24. 1783. The Earl of Sussex to the Queen.
1. Finding by the Archduke that he has referred the whole matter and answer to the Emperor, he has used all the means he could to understand his resolute pleasure. The Emperor has in fine condescended to agree unto all matters that touch not the Archduke's conscience, and has treated sundry times with his Highness and Sussex apart. The Emperor has reduced the matter to five points, offering in the Archduke's name to consent to four of them, suppressing the fifth. The Archduke told him that he would refer all matters to the Queen saving the use of his conscience. Finds that if the Queen will satisfy this, that they will both accord to anything she may require. As they desire some secret promise from her herein, so they desire that their offers may not be known to many. Has not omitted anything either to persuade his yielding in religion or the suspending of that matter until his coming thither. If she will by her own letter or by some speech to be uttered by Sussex give some further secret hope, the Archduke will at once repair to her.
2. They have directly required him to write these fully to her and to stay for her answer for these respects:—
3. First. That she being assured of the uttermost meaning here might thereupon resolve of her final pleasure.
4. Second. It were inconvenient that he should by return against their request break off the matter and give occasion for men to think that she never meant it from the beginning.
5. Third. Knows not what these alterations in Flanders and France may move her to consider in her own state.
6. Fourth. Finds the person of the Archduke such, that she will find no just cause to satisfy the world if she should after sight mislike him.
7. Fifth. She cannot take hurt by understanding of the uttermost and having time to deliberate on it.
8. It resteth now whether she will grant the secret use of his religion and thereby obtain the commodity of the sight of him, or by refusal break off wholly the matter. Has written this letter with his own hand for that they required secresy. — Vienna, 24 Oct. 1567. Signed.
Hol. Add. Endd. by Cecil, with seal. Pp. 4.
Oct. 25. 1784. Advices from Marsilio della Croce.
Intelligence from Rome, 18 Oct.; and from Vienna, 16 Oct. —Venice, 25 Oct. 1567. Signed.
Ital. Pp. 4½.
Oct. 25. 1785. The Archduke Charles to the Queen.
Has received her letters and heard by her ambassador her goodwill towards him, and expresses the same towards her. Her ambassador can tell her his great desire to accommodate himself to her will in everything in this negotiation.—Vienna, 25 Oct. 1567.
Copy. Endd. by Cecil. Lat. Pp. 1½.
Oct. 25. 1786. Advices.
News from Madrid of the 5th; Geneva, 17th; and Rome, 25th Oct. 1567.
Endd. Ital. Pp. 3.
Oct. 26. 1787. Richard Clough to Gresham.
On Friday last the Duke of Alva came to this town with 200 light horse and sixty demi-lancers. They might well be called light horse, for the Queen could make above 30,000 in her realm better than them. All had hacquebuts without firelocks, one-half in blue and the other in red, every one with a morion and no other harness. It was strange to see when the Duke entered and all the horsemen shot off their pieces that the horses never stirred. The saying is that they have cast down all the images in Lorraine. The French King now requires aid only of horsemen. Two friars entered with the Duke, and as soon as they came near the gates the people began to cry, "A fox, a fox."—Antwerp, 26 Oct. 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 3.
Oct. 27. 1788. The Earl of Sussex to Cecil.
1. The Archduke yields to the Queen in all things saving for the use of his religion, which Sussex knows may be qualified with secret use in a chapel or church, with his consent to punish according to the laws the English that shall come to it, with his promise to accompany the Queen to public service, and to forbid all his to argue against the religion, and to be advised by the Queen for the pacifying of public offence if any grow thereby; upon declaration whereof he will repair thither, that if upon sight they like they may proceed; if they dislike the promise shall be kept secret, and the Queen may seem to break for religion.
2. Writes his opinion of all the commodities and discommodities which may grow on either side; the commodities being the content of the people and the avoiding of bloodshed by the hope that her issue shall succeed; the alliance with the Empire; the assistance to the Queen in governing; unity and accord amongst the nobility; hope of an universal peace; and in case the Archduke should come to be of the religion the great hope of the furtherance of the Gospel through all Christendom.
3. The discommodities that depends hereof, is only in the case of religion, which being qualified he sees no cause of hope for the Papists or fear to the Protestants as long as the Queen stands fast and the laws remain in force, which cannot be altered without their own consents. Thinks that rather than the Queen should break off this matter without sight she should consent to the Archduke's request by some secret declaration to be made by mouth and not by letter, which will satisfy him. Recapitulates all the advantages of the marriage and the evils of a disputed succession.
4. If the Queen saw the Archduke she would not mislike him in any respect. Has written three letters to the Queen.
5. The Emperor has told him that since the Queen proceeds bona fide, he sees no cause why she should not yield somewhat to satisfy his brother's conscience, when he has yielded in all other things wholly to her will. The universal opinion is that if the Queen will not satisfy him she never meant to proceed in the matter. If she will proceed it will be convenient that commission be sent to him to subscribe the articles agreed on.
A portion of the letter which has been originally crossed out is rewritten on a separate piece of paper.
Hol. Endd. by Cecil. Pp. 7.
Oct. 27. 1789. Affairs in France.
The occasions of the present troubles are the differences betwixt the nobility, the matter of religion, and discontent with the bad Government. The Edict of Pacification being conditional during the King's pleasure has always been a great trouble to those of the religion. The origin of the renewal of these troubles are also as follows: the King's being at the house of the Cardinal of Lorraine; the Prince of Conde having to leave the Court being in danger of his life; the different proclamations against those of the religion, together with the levying of forces; and the report of the publication of the Council of Trent. The Prince of Conde is well aware of their evil will towards him and their desire to have his head. The forces of those of the religion are very great, and well and prudently led, so that it is almost impossible for the King to know their plans; they are reinforced every day, for there are many others who are discontented with the bad government of the realm. The object is the ruin of the House of Guise and so to get the government of the King and the management of affairs. The Constable and all his house are much suspected. The Queen Mother encourages both parties, in order that she may conceal her faults. It is impossible for them to accord until one or the other of the Houses is totally overthrown. It is reported that the English are ready to undertake some enterprise. There have been great troubles in Orleans. The gentlemen of the religion were never better mounted or equipped. The Marshal De Vielleville was sent on the 27th inst. to Paris as governor. The day before the Marshal De Montgomery was sent to the Prince to accord matters.
Endd. Fr. Pp. 14½.
Oct. 28. 1790. Sir William Drury to Cecil.
1. Has stayed the bringer of this passport, who minded to go into Scotland, until he understands his pleasure for that he found the direction of his master's letter to the Queen of Scots.
2. The Earl of Bedford departed yesterday. Desires to understand the Queen's pleasure if he shall at the day of truce or otherwise receive anything in the King's or the Regent's names.—Berwick, 28 Oct. 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd.: "Of the stay of the King of Pole's servant going into Scotland." Pp. 1½.
Oct. 28. 1791. The Earl of Bedford to Cecil.
Has delivered up the several charges of the East Marches and the town to the Marshal, and has called before him the gentlemen of the East and declared unto them the Queen's pleasure in that behalf. There are mislikings and stomaching of matters between Morton and Home. Morton has gone to the Queen with the Regent. Lord Herries says that he cannot subscribe till their next Parliament. Cannot for his health make any greater haste than twenty miles a day at the most. The greatst enemies that Herries found are the Earl of Morton and Lethington.—Alnwick, 28 Oct. 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 1½.
Oct. 28. 1792. Sir William Drury to Cecil.
The suspicion of the over great familiarity between the Queen here and Mr. Douglas, brother to the Laird of Lochleven, increases more and more, and worse spoken of than he may write. The Earl Morton's gathering of friends and seeking to make himself strong is much misliked. The writings which comprehended the names and consents of the chief for the murdering of the King is turned into ashes, the same not unknown to the Queen, and the same which concerns her part kept to be shown. The Regent makes very fair weather with her. Has found many gentlemen who have sold geldings into Scotland, all of whom he minds at one instant to apprehend.—Berwick, 28 Oct. 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. by Cecil. Pp. 1¼.
Oct. 29. 1793. The French Ambassador to Cecil.
Forwards to him the complaint of certain French merchants in London, which he begs him to consider.—Signed: Bochetel.
Add. Endd. Fr. P. ½.
Oct. 29. 1794. Complaint of French Merchants in London.
1. Complain to the French Ambassador that certain promoters have seized on certain woad belonging to them, alleging in the Court of Exchequer that it was confiscated to the Queen on account of its being imported in French ships.
2. At the foot there is a note from Cecil to Mr. Smith, Customer of London, desiring him to send some one with whom he may confer, and understanding the matter be able to give answer to the merchants.—The Savoy, 29 Oct. 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
Oct. 29. 1795. Sir Henry Norris to the Company of English Merchants at Rouen.
Has received their letter touching the stay of their merchandise at Rouen and declared their case to the French King, who has written a favourable letter to the Governor for the release of their wares and their better treatment.—Paris, 29 Oct. 1567.
Draft. Endd. P. 1.
Oct. 31. 1796. Gresham to Cecil.
Desires that he may make no more return of money by exchange to Antwerp, considering that upon the Duke of Alva's arriving there he thinks all exchange and trades of merchandise will grow to nothing.—Gresham House, 31 Oct. 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ½.