Elizabeth: January 1568

Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Elizabeth, Volume 8, 1566-1568. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1871.

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'Elizabeth: January 1568', in Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Elizabeth, Volume 8, 1566-1568, (London, 1871) pp. 388-408. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-state-papers/foreign/vol8/pp388-408 [accessed 24 April 2024]

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January 1568

A.D. 1568. Jan. 1904. Count of Egmont.
1. Copy of a petition of the Countess of Egmont to the States of Brabant requesting them to intercede in behalf of her husband.
2. Also copy of the petition of the States of Brabant to the Duke of Alva remonstrating against the treatment of the Count of Egmont, and desiring that their privileges may not be infringed.
Copy. Endd. Fr. Pp. 2.
[Jan.] 1905. Count of Egmont.
Copy of a petition of Nicholas De Landas, procureur for Count Egmont, to the King, recapitulating the different steps of the process against the Count, and begging that he may be furnished with an authentic copy of the statutes of the Order of the Golden Fleece.
Endd. Fr. Pp. 4½.
Jan. 1906. Advices.
Intelligence from Venice about the movements of the Turk; from the Court of Germany of the arrival of the English Ambassador, Lord Cobham; and from Rome of the 10th January of the abjuration of twenty-three persons.
Endd. Ital. Pp. 1¼.
Jan. 1907. The Regent Murray to the Queen.
Desires her audience and credit for the bearer, Mr. Nichol Elphinstone.— Edinburgh, Jan. 1567. Signed: James Stewart.
Add. Endd., with seal. P. ½.
Jan. 1908. The Regent Murray to Cecil.
Having sent the bearer, Mr. Nichol Elphinstone, to the Queen of England, he desires that he will show him favour.— Edinburgh, Jan. 1567. Signed: James Regent.
Add. Endd., with seal. P. ½.
Jan. 1. 1909. Prophecy on Charles IX.
Latin verses prophesying that Charles IX. is destined after long wars to root out heresy, and then to have a peaceful reign. Also French verses scattered about the Court on 1 Jan. 1568.
Endd. Pp. 3.
Jan. 1. 1910. William Landgrave of Hesse to the Queen.
In behalf of Adolph Lenck, who has been wronged by one of her subjects named Robert Edmond in a contract for making steel.—Cassel, Cal. Jan. 1568. Signed.
Add. Endd. Lat. Pp. 1½.
Jan. 3. 1911. The Prince of Conde to the Count Palatine.
Has seen copies of letters from the King and Marshall Vielleville to him, urging him to refrain from sending succour to the Prince's party. Assures him that the sole cause of their taking up arms is for the preservation of free exercise of religion, together with their honour, lives, and goods.— Camp at Dessay, 3 Jan. 1568. Signed.
Endd. Fr. Pp. 1½.
Jan. 3. 1912. The Earl of Sussex to Cecil.
Mr. Cobham arrived here the last of December, and on the 1st inst. delivered in Sussex's presence Her Majesty's letters with his credit to the Emperor, who heard him very courteously. His Majesty upon reading the letters gave Sussex audience, and after he had heard Sussex at good length seemed upon the sudden to be much appalled at the answer, and yet he uttered it with as good words as the matter would suffer, and was as bold upon his instructions to satisfy as by the best interpretation he might be warranted. He desired to have in writing what Sussex had declared, which the next day was done. Tomorrow His Majesty receives the Order and means to have an hour's conference with him. The party who wrote so desperately from hence of the Archduke Charles' religion wrought as diligently here by means to persuade the Emperor that the matter was as desperate to be obtained there, and since Mr. Cobham's coming he bursts out liberally that he will lay his head the marriage shall never take place, and yet he knows no more of what Cobham brought, but that the Queen has neither peremptorily denied nor directly granted for scruple in conscience.—Vienna, 3 Jan. 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Partly in cipher, with the decipher annexed on a separate page. Pp. 1¼.
[Jan. 4.] 1913. Order of the Garter.
Oath to observe the statutes and ordinances of the Order taken by the Emperor Maximilian at Vienna.
Endd.: The Emperor's oath, 1567. Fr. P. ¼.
Jan. 4. 1914. Sir Henry Norris to the Queen.
On the 2nd inst. there arrived a courier from the King's camp, upon whose coming the Queen Mother straight determined to take her journey thither. There is such a controversy fallen out twixt M. Martigues and Carnevallet as her chief going is to appease their debate. The cantons of Berne and Zurich have declared to the King that if his intention is to exterminate religion they will aid the Prince. Both parties begin to wax very weary of these wars. The King's charges amount to 1,000,000 francs weekly. There are letters patent gone forth to authorise the officers to sell all the goods and moveables of those who are with the Prince, and all their lands and hereditaments to be annexed to the crown. The King's army is 30,000 infantry and 15,000 horse. The King has to quiet such storms as daily rise in his camp amongst his nobility, partly for religion and partly for ambition. There daily come to the Prince great company of soldiers. They are paid 15 florentines a month for every horse.—Paris, 4 Jan. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 2.
Jan. 4. 1915. Sir Henry Norris to Cecil.
The occasion of the Queen Mother's departure for the camp is the dissension fallen there amongst the nobility. Has sent him a note of such charts as aforetime he wrote for. There are here daily many practices used, as of late that Genlis had sued for the King's pardon, who has however taken Shony in Picardy and holds the same to the Prince's use.— Paris, 4 Jan. 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. P. 1.
[Jan. 4.] 1916. The Prince of Conde's Reply to the King's Articles.
Copy of that dated December 1567 [No. 1890]. In reply the King promises that they of the pretended reformed religion shall enjoy the benefits of the Edict of pacification made at Orleans without restriction, and requires them to countermand their forces.
Fr. Pp. 4. Enclosure.
1917. Articles of Pacification between Charles IX. and the Prince of Conde.
Copy of the above with the replies immediately following the articles they refer to. Also articles given to the Cardinal of Chatillon.
Endd. Fr. Pp. 9. Enclosure.
Jan. 4. 1918. Army of Charles IX.
Names of the different noblemen commanding in the army of the King of France.
Fr. Pp. 2. Enclosure.
Jan. 4. 1919. Articles of Pacification between Charles IX. and the Prince of Conde.
1. The King will never agree to treat with the Prince of Conde or any other subject as with an equal.
2. Promises to pardon what has passed if they will lay down their arms within three days, and retire to their houses and give up the places taken by them.
3. Where certain gentlemen complain of having been prosecuted for exercising their religion in their houses, the King is content that this shall cease, provided there are not more than fifty persons present exclusive of their families.
4. The King intends to keep his forces in his hands, and to dispose of and govern towns as he pleases.
5. The town of Lyons being full of strangers shall not be allowed the exercise of religion.
6. The town of Paris shall remain as it was before these troubles.
7. All enrolments of men, associations, and synods are prohibited.
8. The King will immediately despatch his letters patent to assure the Prince and his company of their lives, goods, and the liberty of their consciences.
Endd. Fr. Pp. 2. Enclosure.
Jan. 4. 1920. Frederic Elector Palatine to the French King.
Has received his letters. Has communicated with the Prince of Conde and the chiefs of his army, who have told him distinctly and desired him to advertise the King that they never intended to undertake anything against his authority or estate; but if it pleased the King to grant them the same liberty and use of their religion as they of the Roman religion have, with equal security for their honour, goods, and lives, they are ready to employ body and goods at his command. Prays the King to accord therein this, and he engages that the Prince and his party will immediately disarm and give up the towns and places that they hold; and in case of their refusal he will turn all his power against them. Denies that the arrest of M. De Lansac was procured through any information of his (the Elector's) envoy.—Pont a Mousson, 4 Jan. 1568.
Copy. Endd. Fr. Pp. 1½.
Jan. 4. 1921. Sir W. Drury to Cecil.
Has received the bills enclosed. Some set upon the Tolbooth at Edinburgh, and one upon the Regent's chamber door. The Earls of Athol and Caithness and the Bishop of Murray seemed openly to reply in Parliament against the establishing of religion. The most part of the Lords of Parliament have misliked the considerations meant towards the ministers. It is voted in Parliament that the Queen is "retained" for being of counsel with those who murdered the King. Understands that the Lords determined to have sent to all princes to have their opinions how further to proceed towards her. John Hepburn of Bolton has accused her of the murder. Gives grants of offices and estates to different noblemen and others. Proposed alliance by marriages between the Earls of Argyll, Huntly, and Murray. To all such as were in arms against the Queen it shall not be imputed to them or their heirs as a fault.—Berwick, 4 Jan. 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2¼.
[Jan.] 1922. Verses to the Regent Murray and the whole Estates.
Desires them not merely to punish simple men for Darnley's murder, but to minister justice equally. If they keep John Hepburn and Tallo alive they could tell them who subscribed to the murdering of the King. Prays them to take good "tent" lest princes say that their meaning is to lay the whole on the Queen's back, and thereafter to take her life and none other to bear blame.
Copy. Pp. 1½. Enclosure.
Jan. 1923. Questions to be absolved by the Lords of the Articles.
Eight questions as to the guilt or innocence of the Queen of Scots touching her husband's murder; the succession and guardianship of the Prince; and why John Hepburn and Hay of Tallo are not compelled openly to declare the manner of the King's slaughter and who consented thereunto.
P. 1. Enclosure.
Jan. 5. 1924. Sir Henry Norris to the Earl of Leicester.
Encloses an advertisement sent to him whereby he may know where Leicester's servant Montague (Jean Simenes De la Montagina) is imprisoned, and trusts he will seek some means of redress.—Paris, 5 Jan. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. P. 1.
[Jan. 5.] 1925. — to Sir Henry Norris.
A gentleman named Montague (Jean Simenes De la Montagina), a servant of the Lord Robert, bearing on his arm the badge of a staff, was taken on the road to Paris about five weeks ago, and is kept prisoner in the Castle of Pont de l'Arche.
Fr. P. ¼.
Jan. 6. 1926. Captain Cockburn to Cecil.
Forwards a letter, which it may please him to read and send through where it is directed. Refers all to the sufficiency of the bearer.—Paris, 6 Jan. Signed: George Bimont.
Add. Endd., with seal. P. 1.
Jan. 6. 1927. Christopher Mundt to Cecil.
The Emperor summoned a meeting of the Electors at Fulda for the 6th inst., chiefly for the purpose of decreeing that no German should serve as a soldier at home or abroad without the permission of the Emperor; also to consult about the recovery of the three Bishoprics which the French have taken. The third matter was to convert two Bishoprics into a duchy, so that it might be better defended. The French Envoys have been with Duke John William trying to persuade him to levy 3,000 horse for the French King.— Strasbourg, 6 Jan. 1568. Signed: C. M.
Add. Endd., with seal. Lat. Pp. 2½.
Jan. 6. 1928. Advices from Antwerp.
News from Antwerp about the Prince of Conde.—6 Jan.
Endd. Ital. Pp. 1½.
Jan. 7. 1929. Sir William Drury to Cecil.
Upon Saturday John Hepburn of Bolton, John Hay of Tallo, Jamy Daglyshe, and Thomas Purrey suffered at Edinburgh for the murder of the King. They were hanged, quartered, and their entrails burnt. John Hepburn confessed upon the scaffold that the Earl Bothwell his master showed him that the Earls of Argyll and Huntly, the Laird of Lethington, and Mr. James Balfour, otherwise the parson of Fliske, had subscribed to the murder of the King. The Regent has written very earnestly for the delivery of two Scotchmen; one whom Drury apprehended for counterfeit placks and hard heads, and the other he requires for committing a murder. Desires Cecil's opinion what he shall do therein.—Berwick, 7 Jan. 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
Jan. 2. 1930. The Regent Murray to Drury.
James Fraser, a sadler of Edinburgh, having been shamefully murdered by Robert Davison, called the Priest's Hobb, whom he is informed is in prison within Berwick, he desires Drury to deliver up the said Davison.—Edinburgh, 2 Jan. 1567.
Copy. P. 1. Enclosure.
Jan. 8. 1931. Dr. Man to Cecil.
1. Sent Burlace a little billet containing the Queen's commandment, who sent answer that he was not afraid to return to England or ashamed to show his face there for anything that he had done, and that he was going to his kinswoman the Duchess of Feria to take leave of her, and that done would immediately make his repair into England. The Emperor's Ambassador declared to him that from Vienna he understood that the marriage was concluded, and only stayed for the Queen's assurance that the Archduke might openly or privily in any church have celebrated for him the mass after the order of the Church of Rome. Man told him in case it stayed only upon that it would not stay very long. There is a new rumour of the King's embarking towards Flanders.—Madrid, 8 Jan. 1567. Signed.
2. P.S.—Twenty-five captains have been sent to sundry places in Spain to levy each of them an ensign of 250 men to send to Flanders.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 1½.
Jan. 8. 1932. The Admiral Coligny to Cecil.
Has heard of the great and commendable offices which he has done for the advancement of their cause through the letters and dispatches of the Cardinal Chatillon. The bearer and the Cardinal will show him more particularly the state of their affairs here.— Montreuil Bellay, 8 Jan. 1568. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Fr. P. 1.
Jan. 10. 1933. Intelligence from Italy.
News from Rome of the 10th January 1568.
Ital. Pp. 3.
Jan. 10. 1934. N. Stopio to [Cecil].
Encloses advices from Rome of the 3rd Jan., and from Vienna of the 1st.—Venice, 10 Jan. 1568. Signed.
Endd. Ital. Pp. 4¼.
Jan. 10. 1935. The Earl of Sussex to Cecil.
Refers him to Mr. Garter for what passed touching the Emperor's receiving the Order, and to his letter to the Queen for some part of his own dealings. Is indeed as Cecil writes left in a maze, nevertheless understanding the Queen's good disposition to the matter if the difficulty of religion might be dissolved, and perceiving how earnestly the matter is affected here, and what great peril grows on all sides if it break off, Her Majesty shall not be deceived in what she expects of him.—Vienna, 10 Jan. 1567. Signed.
Hol., with seal. Add. Endd. P. 1.
Jan. 10. 1936. The Earl of Sussex to the Queen.
1. The Emperor on Sunday, being the 4th inst., received the Order in the afternoon, and accompanied with all the Ambassadors went after to evening service, in which censing, prayers to saints, and all other matters contrary to the use of the Queen's religion were omitted. Leaves the declaration of particulars to the bearer, Mr. Garter. Repeats information given in his letter to Cecil of the 3rd inst. The fourth day after Sussex had in the presence of all the Ambassadors used some speech according to his instructions, the Emperor after the reading of his commission thanked the Queen for her great favours many ways shown to him, and especially in this matter, and in the end concluded that though he were surely knit to her before, yet she for the more surety had now tied him with a chain by the leg, which should also tie him by the heart to her whilst he lived.
2. After supper he told Sussex that he had prepared the dispatch to his brother the Archduke, which either that night or the next morning he would send away; and though he thought it could not well satisfy his expectation, yet as he had in all times done what lay in him to compose all differences, so would he not surcease his travail to do good therein, knowing how earnestly his brother affected the matter, and understanding how well the Queen liked thereof if this difficulty of religion might with her honour and surety be dissolved. Sees surely that it touches His Majesty at the heart to hear of anything that might stir any difficulty. —Vienna, 10 Jan. 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 2.
Jan. 11. 1937. Advices from Antwerp.
News from Antwerp, chiefly about affairs in France.
Endd. Ital. P. 1.
Jan. 11. 1938. Sir John Forster to Cecil.
Minds to leave the Borders in such good order as he may thereby the bolder presume upon his license to be at Court this next term. Four of Bothwell's servants who were presently at the King's murder were executed on the 3rd inst. They have discovered four others besides the Earl to have been at that act and no more. They say he was blown up with the powder forth of the house, and so slain by the powder only.—Alnwick, 11 Jan. 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 1½.
Jan. 11. 1939. Sir William Drury to Cecil.
Decay of the bridge at Berwick. Mr. John Hamilton passed through to-day towards the Court.—Berwick, 11 Jan. 1568. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ½.
Jan. 11. 1940. Bridge at Berwick.
Survey of the bridge at Berwick by John Ross, showing what repairs are necessary. Signed.
P. 1.
Jan. 13.
1941. Petrus Ramus to Cecil.
Sends him "mathematicum proœmium," in which he stiles him the Queen's Nestor, not on account of his years, but for his zeal for virtue.—Paris, 13 Jan. 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. Lat. P. ¼.
Jan. 14. 1942. Ordinance for the French Gendarmerie.
In order that the companies of gendarmerie may keep their full numbers it is forbidden to any gendarme or archer to change from one company to another without giving six weeks' notice to his captain.—Paris, 14 Jan. 1568. Published on the 16th Jan.
Printed pamphlet in French. Pp. 5.
Jan. 14. 1943. Pietro Bizarri to Cecil.
Sends news from Rome, 27 Dec. 1567; Genoa, 26 Dec., and Vienna 28 Dec. Desires that his leave of absence from his charge at Salisbury may be extended for another four years.—Venice, 14 Jan. 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Lat. and Ital. Pp. 2¼.
Jan. 14. 1944. The Queen to Drury.
Directs him to deliver up the two Scotchmen demanded by the Regent Murray.
Draft, corrected by Cecil. Endd. P. 1. See Enclosure, January 7.
Jan. 15. 1945. Sir Thomas Gresham to Cecil.
Forwards letters, and desires to know the Queen's and Cecil's determination for the payment of 51,926l. 10s. due in Antwerp on the 20th February. Also begs him to have in remembrance his poor suit to the Queen for the purchase of certain lands.—Gresham House, 15 Jan. 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ½.
Jan. 15. 1946. Lord Scrope to Cecil.
On the 12th seven of the Elliotts of Liddlesdale entered the West Marches, and by night brake up a widow's house, left her son with ten wounds, and drove away sixteen kine. Four of the Greames pursued them and killed one and hurt other two, and the rest escaped with their goods; for revenge of which the said Scots assembled to the number of eighty to have come against the Greames. Can get no answer for their attempts.—Carlisle, 15 Jan. 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1½.
Jan. 15. 1947. Advertisements from Germany.
The Earl of Sussex tarries yet in Vienna. The hot bruit of the marriage is now cooled. The last of December the Almains joined the Prince at Pont de Mousson, in Lorraine, but the writer has no great hope of their doing good, for that there is no store of money. The Emperor to pleasure the King of Spain and the Pope hindered them as much as he could. Monsr. D'Aumale, the Duke of Guise, and others who were at Verdun to let their passage were forced to retire. The good Cardinal "Boute-feu" [Lorraine] is reported to have fled to Thionville. M. D'Anjou has retired, feigning such charge from the King, who was advertised that the English had taken Dieppe and other towns in Normandy. It is thought that the King and the Prince will come to some agreement, the King having offered the Edict of Pacification without any restriction. He offers only sa parole, his letters patent, and the approbation of the Courts of Parliament, and wills that the Prince disarm, which they think not sufficient, for that it is an article of faith among the Papists, "quod non tenenda fides nec heretico "necsubdito." It is to be feared that the King will at length with delays undo them, and lest the King of Spain at last become master of them both, who is the only author and contriver of all this mischief. If they can come to some good accord, they mind to join with the Prince of Orange against the Spaniards to obtain like liberty of religion. Gives account of embassies between the French King and the Palsgrave. The Duke of Wurtemburg has great intelligence with the Duke of Alva. The rest are "plane tepedi," for to say the truth there is at this present no fervour or constancy of religion almost left in Germany. They suffer themselves to be "eluded" by the Emperor, and money is their only god. Levy of troops for the Kings of France and Spain. As the Papists have their league, so were it not amiss that the Princes Protestant for their defence had the like.—15 Jan. 1568.
Pp. 3¾.
Jan. 15. 1948. Passport.
Order for all officers to give free passage to the bearer, whose name is not mentioned. — 15 Jan. 1568. Signed by De L'Aubespine.
Endd. Fr. P. ¼.
Jan. 17. 1949. Advices from Rome.
Proceedings of the Pope and Cardinals.—Rome, 17 Jan.
Ital. Pp. 2.
Jan. 17. 1950. The Earl of Sussex to Cecil.
Has received his letters of the 20th and 27th ult. Thanks the Queen for her favourable acceptation of his services. Is glad to know in time that it is reported the Protestants of Germany seek to depone the Emperor, for thereby he gathers light to clear this mist and to divert the ill meant thereby to work a good effect. Received of late a letter from Preynor offering his service in this matter.—Vienna, 17 Jan. 1567. Signed.
Partly in cipher. Add. Endd. Hol., with seal. P. 1.
Jan. 18. 1951. Pietro Bizarri to Cecil.
Sends intelligence from Rome of the 10th, chiefly about the abjuration of Count Nicolo di Pitagliano and twentythree others whose names he gives; also from Vienna of the 8th inst.—Venice, 18 Jan. 1568. Signed.
Orig. Add. Endd., with seal. Ital. Pp. 3.
Jan. 18. 1952. Advices from Antwerp.
News from Antwerp of 18 Jan., chiefly relating to French affairs.
Endd. Ital. Pp. 1¼.
Jan. 19. 1953. Sir William Drury to Cecil.
1. Understands he has given order for the imprest for punishing of certain things needful, as also for repairing of the bridge and the old walls towards the sea.
2. Has disbursed of his own and further would if his ability were.
3. Of small money they have not other than Scottish. Lord Seton has been committed to ward for disobeying of an officer in the executing his office; and being set at liberty drawing to his lodgings well accompanied with friends, there had like to have been great trouble with the Earl of Morton. The Earl of Argyll is returned.—Berwick, 19 Jan. 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2½.
Jan. 19. 1954. Sir William Drury to Cecil.
1. Thanks him for being the means of getting him the use of these two offices until it shall please the Queen to appoint some person of better calling. These forty years past the country was not in quieter or surer state. The chief of the surnames have offered to put in bonds to make restitution for anything which shall be taken by them or theirs. Has restrained the fetching of wood in Cheviot where they have by their long continuance made great waste and spoil. Has so dealt with some of them that they have betrayed and put out their fellows. Believes there shall be hardly an agreement or purpose of four of them drawn to steal in England but he will have knowledge of the same.
2. Some judge that this Parliament will shorten the life of their Queen. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 3.
Jan. 19. 1955. Dr. John Man to Cecil.
On the 18th at 10 p.m. the King armed under his night gown went to the Prince's lodging accompanied with a great number of his guard, and committed him to ward there for the night. It is bruited that he practised his father's death. The matter was discovered by his ghostly father.—Madrid, 19 Jan. 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ½.
Jan. 19, 23. 1956. Frederic Elector Palatine to Charles IX.
1. Has received his letters and heard what he has said to his Councillor Zuleger. It is not his custom to meddle in other people's affairs without either being asked or having some common interest therein. Has allowed his son, the Duke John Casimir, to assist the Prince of Conde and his adherents, on no other ground than for the defence of their religion. Both the King's envoys, Lignerolles and Lansac, have sown reports throughout Germany that the present troubles are not on account of religion, alleging that the Edict of Pacification has always been kept in its entirety, and that the Prince and his party have no other object than a horrible rebellion against the King to deprive him of his crown, and that the Prince has had money struck as if he were King himself. This was the cause why he sent Zuleger to ascertain the truth, who has informed him that when before the King's Council he demanded proofs of the Prince's intention of making himself King, the Queen Mother replied that it was a mockery, and that though the Prince had struck money it was with the King's inscription and arms, and not as though he were himself King. The Prince of Conde has sent him a discourse in which he imputes the blame of all that has happened to the House of Guise, through their seeking to destroy the religion, and not to the King. Where the Queen Mother told Zuleger that she believed that the refusal of the Constableship had angered the Prince and caused him to take up arms, the Prince declares that he never asked for that dignity, but that the Cardinal of Bourbon, and afterwards the Duke of Anjou, told him that the King had promised to make him Lieutenant General, and that after that he could not fail to have the Constableship. The chief noblemen of the Prince's company told Zuleger that if they had the slightest suspicion that the Prince wished them to change their Sovereign, or to take up arms for his private quarrels with the House of Guise or others, not one of them would stop with him, but that their religion and the preservation of their lives and property was the sole cause of their taking up arms. The Prince also declares that he never had any design against the person or life of the King, but that they wished to overthrow the Switzers as being instruments used by their enemies for their ruin. Moreover both morning and night in his camp there are public and private prayers said for the King, which Zuleger heard during the eleven days he was there, and M. Lansac, who was kept prisoner in the camp, can also bear witness to.
2. Where his Envoys declare that the Edict of Pacification has been kept entire, the Elector mentions the various declarations, modifications, and restrictions published at Paris, together with its violation by private persons. The late Constable also said in the presence of several noblemen that the King would not permit the free exercise of religion, and never intended the Edict of Orleans to be other than provisional. Asks the King whether he did not tell Zuleger that he would have no other religion in his kingdom besides his own; and whether the Queen Mother did not allege a privilege of the Kings of France never to make a perpetual edict, to which he agreed, saying "pourquoy non?" Asks the King whether the articles sent by him to the Prince, and his reply, do not show that these wars are a question of religion; also whether Lansac did not in the presence of the most notable gentlemen of the Prince's camp confess his fault in having traduced them. Complains of the King's having deprived those of the religion of their offices, and that most of his Council are Papists. This being so different from the account of the King's envoys, he has considered himself bound to send aid to the Prince of Conde. Warns the King of the danger he runs by following the advice of his Papist councillors, and recommends him instead of using force, to proceed by way of colloquies and conferences.—Heidelberg, 19 Jan. 1568. Signed: Frederic Elector Palatine.
Jan. 23. The Elector Palatine to Catherine de Medicis.
Refers her to his letter to her son, and warns her not to be guided by evil council.—Heidelberg, 23 Jan. 1568. Signed.
Copies. Endd., by Cecil. Fr. Pp. 7.
Jan. 21. 1957. Sir William Drury to Cecil.
1. The Bishop of Dunkeld with two others are committed to ward who of long time has had mass in his house. He has put himself into the Earl of Murray's will and pleasure. There is a reconciliation between the Earl of Argyll and his wife, which is now the fourth time. Encloses the confession of John Hepburn of Bolton with the rest who suffered for the murder of the King.—Berwick, 21 Jan. 1567. Signed.
2. P.S.—Many judge that the persons executed for the King's death have done by their naming the Laird of Lethington to be a consenter unto the same great wrong, and that the cause proceeded of Bothwell's malice unto him, and to give the more credit into the enterprise.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
Jan. 22. 1958. Philip II. to the Queen.
Letter of credence for his ambassador, Don Diego Guzman De Silva, who will explain the reason of his proceedings towards his son.—Madrid, 22 Jan. 1568. Signed.
Add. Endd. Lat. Royal letter.
Jan. 23. 1959. Sir Henry Norris to the Queen.
1. On the 5th inst. the Queen Mother arriving at Chalons met the Cardinal of Chatillon and MM. D'Esternay and Teligny, who having granted to them M. D'Anjou's safeconduct, together with the Queen Mother's assurance for their safety, were coming towards Paris to treat of peace. After she had dealt with them one whole day, she departed from thence to the camp, where having quieted the dissensions between Martigues, Carnevallet, and others, she returned to Paris, where she arrived on the 15th inst. The Cardinal of Lorraine met the Queen and accompanied her as far as Meaux. As it was very perilous for the Cardinal of Chatillon to enter Paris for fear of the rage of the rude multitude, he with the other commissioners was appointed to stay at Bois de Vincennes. And albeit the King had openly said that he would not speak with the Cardinal touching any treaty of peace, yet in the night he was conveyed into the Court and had secret conference with the King, the Queen, the Chancellor, and some other special councillors by the space of three hours The Queen likewise under pretence to walk abroad had conference with them on the 20th at the Bonnes Hommes, and the chief president and the King's Procureur went to treat with them. Since which time Lansac and Morvilliers have been with them. So all things weighed there was great appearance that these troubles would grow to some pacification, nevertheless it was so covertly used lest the Parisians should suspect that they went to make peace, who to make war have furnished the King with 600,000 francs. They of the King's camp for want of necessaries, and for the cold, daily draw home by good troops. The want of means to entertain the excessive charges of these wars will sooner constrain both sides to fall to accord. There is another reason which persuades Norris that peace will be the sooner agreed, and that is that the Queen by leaving these differences undecided hopes the better to be able to hold the government of the affairs of the realm in her hands.
2. The Pope's Nuncio, the Cardinal of Santa Croce, and the Ambassadors of Spain and Scotland employ themselves all they possibly may to impeach this accord. On the 20th came a post from the King Catholic, the effect of whose message was to offer this King 1,000,000 of gold to continue these wars. The Doctors of the Sorbonne also have repaired to the Court, and used divers persuasions to that end, fearing lest the Romish religion shall receive great decay by the advancement of the Gospel. Gives account of the movements of the Huguenots and the King's party in different places. A gentleman of the religion being beheaded at Toulouse, they of Montauban measured the like favour to the Bishop of Castries, and executed six other gentlemen whom they held prisoners. The Landgrave of Hesse has declared to the King that he disavowed any of his subjects who should come into France against him.
3. As to the force of the two armies there is small difference in the cavalry, for the King has 10,000 horse of service, and the Prince with his reiters is no fewer. The whole of the King's infantry amounts to 30,000, and the Prince's to 27,000. Further movements on both sides. The Ambassadors of Rome and Spain understanding of these abovesaid secret negociations have ceased not to exclaim upon the King and Queen, saying that it was impossible to have two religions in one realm without great confusion. These and other like persuasions, joined with large promises, have so prevailed that the King sent the Cardinal word that he would no further treat of peace unless the Prince of Conde and his complices would sent the reiters out of France, and wholly disarming come with their ordinary trains toward him to purge themselves of the attempt made at Meaux.
4. The Cardinal of Santa Croce on the 20th entered the Council chamber, declaring to the Queen that heretofore she had promised to the Pope to deliver the Cardinal Chatillon into his hands, and that he was now come to demand performance thereof, whereunto the Queen answered that she did not deny her promise, but that the time was very unmeet, for that he had come upon the King's safeconduct and her assurance, nevertheless she would consider what were best to be done.
5. The Cardinal replied that no respect ought to be had towards the Cardinal Chatillon, for that he was an excommunicate person, condemned of schism, and dead towards the law. After he had thus said the Duke De Montmorency turning towards the Queen answered, "But, madame, is it possible that the Cardinal Chatillon's delivery should come in question, being warranted by the King and your Majesty to the contrary, and I myself being made a mean therein, wherefore this matter is odious to be talked of and against the law of arms, and all good civil policy, and I must needs repute them my enemies who go about to make me falsify my promise once made." So that the Cardinal departed without attaining his most cruel request.
6. The King of Spain travails to make accord with the Turk, that he may next spring turn all his forces into these parts.—Paris, 23 Jan. 1568. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 7½.
Jan 23. 1960. Sir Henry Norris to Cecil.
Asks leave to write his mind more overtly to him than he dares do to the Queen, who as he learns has thought him somewhat too partial in setting forth the Prince's good success in these troubles. The Prince's cavalry is 7,000 reiters, and 4,000 French of the chiefest and best experimented in France. The King's army daily diminishes. Desires to hear oftener from him.—Paris, 23 Jan. 1568. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 1½.
Jan. 23. 1961. Advertisements from France.
Abstract of the intelligence contained in Norris' letter to the Queen of the same date, relative to the movements of the Huguenots and the King's party.
Endd. Pp. 2.
Jan. 25. 1962. Proclamation by Charles IX.
Declares that his intention has always been not to meddle with the Edicts of Pacification. The Prince of Conde having sent the Cardinal of Chatillon and others to him, whom he could not admit to his presence, he desired the Queen Mother and the Cardinal of Bourbon to hear them; who told them that the King required to know the reason of the assembly in arms which met him on the road from Meaux to Paris, and also that all foreigners should be sent back out of the kingdom. All who shall leave the Prince's camp within eight days shall be received into the King's favour.—Paris, 25 Jan. 1568.
Copy. Endd. Fr. Pp. 3.
Jan. 25. 1963. Advices from Antwerp.
News from Antwerp, of 25 Jan., chiefly about French affairs.
Endd. by Cecil. Ital. Pp. 2¼.
Jan. 26. 1964. Count Hoogstraten to the Queen.
Begs that she will intercede with the King Catholic for the Counts Egmont and Horn, who are at present closely confined in the castle at Ghent.—Cologne, 26 Jan. 1568. Signed.
Add. Endd. Fr. P. 1.
Jan. 26. 1965. Dr. John Man to Cecil.
Since writing on the 19th, he perceives the matter grows to something heinous against the Prince. It appears that he had levied great sums of money in sundry cities and towns of Spain. What his intent was is not certainly known, but unto the King and a few others, but it is bruited that he meant to have slain the King and certain of his council. The King has given order to assemble all the grandees of Spain and others at Toledo. Notwithstanding, Man believes all this is done for a terror to the Prince to cut off some excessive disorders he is inclined to. The Prince's guard, servants, and officers be discharged. He sleeps upon a pallet upon the ground, and the Duke of Feria lies upon another, twenty of the King's guard always waiting without. Motion has been made to the Dowager of Portugal to accept the government of Burgundy and the Low Countries.—Madrid, 26 Jan. 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 1¼.
Jan. 27. 1966. Sir William Drury to Cecil.
The law day for Lord Seton and Francis Douglas shall be holden at Edinburgh the 5th of February, whereunto the Earl of Morton procures as many of his friends to be present as he can. The Earl of Murray has promised to see justice performed at the Laird of Cessford's hands, which he dare not do himself for fear of the thieves. Moves Cecil again for the imprest for the garrison and soldiers lying in the country, whom he will be driven to take home again. The poor men allege that they have been and are a great safety for them and their goods.—Berwick, 27 Jan. 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
Jan. 27. 1967. The Earl of Sussex to Cecil.
The 18th the Emperor declared to him the answer received from the Archduke, and willed him to consider well thereof. On the 20th Sussex made declaration of what he had considered thereon, whereupon the Emperor, after three hours' conference, willed him to think well upon all matters, which he also would do, and at his next coming would grow to a resolution. This day at four o'clock he goes to receive his resolute answer. Trusts to take his leave on the 29th, and to set forward by the 30th. By the unsurety of the way, by reason of the daily passing of the Almain soldiers to and against the French King, and for Flanders, he is driven to take the surest way.—Vienna, 27 Jan. 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. Hol., with seal. Pp. 1¼.
Jan. 27. 1968. Christopher Mundt to Cecil.
1. Duke John William of Saxony being solicited by the Frenchenvoys, who declared that Conde's faction wished to overthrow the King and his brethren, was persuaded to levy 3,000 horsemen. In the meanwhile he was informed by the other Electors and Princes that Conde's party had far different reasons for war, and therefore sent a messenger with a letter to the King to know whether he allowed liberty of religion, who returned on the 15th accompanied by a Frenchman, Lansac, who was lately sent to the Elector, who accused the whole of the Condeans of sedition and rebellion, and declared that they had full freedom of religion, and that it was through ambition and a desire for power that they had taken arms against their lawful master. The Palatine had the heads of his message written down and subscribed with his name, and sent one of his councillors, together with Lansac, back to the King. The Queen Mother, in the presence of the King, said that their envoy had promised more than he had in his commission, and when the envoy of the Palatine desired in his master's name that articles of pacification might be granted to the Prince, and also that the word "perpetualement" might he added to them, so that the King might not revoke them whenever he pleased, he was informed by the Queen Mother that it was not the custom of the Kings of France to enter into pledges with their subjects. He was sent back at length without any certain answer, accompanied by Lansac, and whilst they were passing through Lorraine they were both captured by the Prince of Conde's cavalry; and on Lansac were found letters to sundry of the King's captains, urging them as quick as possible to bring their forces to him.
2. The Rhinegrave and others have raised about 2,000 cavalry for the King. Conde has reviewed his German horsemen and foot soldiers, and is said to have given them their month's pay; but it is to be feared lest the Queen Mother, under pretext of making peace, may spin out the time, whilst the King strengthens himself with foreign soldiers, and by protracting the war so impoverish the others that they cannot pay their wages, and so many will desert to him, for faith and piety are scarce with men who follow the trade of war. —Strasbourg, 27 Jan. 1568. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Lat. Pp. 4.
Jan. 28. 1969. Dr. Man to Cecil.
1. Yesterday Ruy Gomez declared to him that he had the King's commandment to participate unto him his meaning in the imprisonment of the Prince of Spain, which was in sum to this effect:—
2. Whereas the King had of long time borne with great disorders and disobedient and outrageous dealing of the Prince towards all persons, and namely towards himself and others of his Council; considering His Majesty's duty not only for the good instruction and reformation of his son, but also having a careful eye to the good government of his realm, of which he is his right heir, and immediate successor; finding in him daily many naughty, notorious, and insufferable parts, and having heretofore attempted all gentle means and ways of warning, he is now compelled, seeing no other hope of remedy, to use this sharp and straight kind of chastisement in keeping him sequestrate as a prisoner for a time, hoping thereby somewhat to mollify the extremity of his stubborn stomach, and to reduce him to better conformity and humane behaviour. Wherein as His Majesty shall see certain hope of good amendment, he means to relent and deal with him accordingly. Ruy Gomez willed him not to credit the common rumours and heedless talk spread abroad, for that this is only His Majesty's meaning.
3. Man answered that the Queen would be right sorry that such grief should grow to the King, and that he thought the King had done very circumspectly in sequestrating the Prince, considering the great enormities and insufferable attempts he had gone about of late, which if he had borne withal a little longer, would have bred greater unquietness in some of His Majesty's estates than could well be borne; and therefore the King had no remedy but to do as he had done, or else to abide some strange and sudden adventure. Ruy Gomez said he was very glad to hear Man say so. "And surely to say to you that I know by some proof and experience I never dealt with a more dissolute, desperate, and unconversable person, and therefore think it was high time to cut him shorter of his liberty, or else, &c."
4. In the first of his confinement he was put into fetters, but that continued not long. He is removed to the tower where Francis the French King was kept prisoner, and a very sure guard set upon it, all his retinue discharged out of the Court, and no person suffered to come at him but five, of whom Ruy Gomez is the chief, and lies in the lodging where the Prince lay before. The King will not yet appoint any assembly of Cortes, but has sent to every grandee and head of religion a schedule giving them notice that he has committed the Prince to prison for great and weighty causes, which he will disclose unto them hereafter.—Madrid, 28 Jan. 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 2½.
Jan. 29. 1970. Sir Henry Norris to Cecil.
1. The Prince of Conde understanding divers rumours were sown abroad that nearly touched his allegiance, caused certain schedules to be spread abroad in the King's camp, importing that he never meant to attempt anything against His Majesty's person, but that his assembly in arms was for two causes: the first for the maintenance of the Edict of Pacification, and the other for the advancement of the nobility in France, which was now oppressed by certain strangers and petty companions about the King; since which time divers of the King's camp have retired them home. There has of late a great "garr" fallen out in the King's camp, as that divers of the nobility going to dinner to Mons. De Mirru, Colonel of the Switzers, after dinner, as their manner is, he taking a glass of water to wash his mouth, threw the same in sport and hit his uncle Mons. De Villiers, and with the glass cut his ear. Whereupon, when they were risen, De Villiers with the end of his cloak hit Mirru on the face, saying pleasantly, "The devil take the fool." But this thus passed betwixt them in sport. On their going to Mons. D'Anjou's chamber he said, "Masters, you have made great cheer, and you M. De Mirru have received a blow;" whereupon he answered that if any in France, not being of blood royal, offered to strike him he would thrust his dagger into him. Martigues standing by replied, Marry, you received one, whereupon, often affirmed by the one and denied by the other, in the end Mirru told him he said not true. With that Martigues struck him on the breast, and Mirru drew his dagger to have stricken him, but that Mons. D'Anjou took him in his arms, and other noblemen laying hands on Martigues kept them asunder. The next day the Switzers reporting it a dishonour to have their colonel struck, put themselves in arms, and came in order towards Martigues' lodging, where he with his Bretons and Guiscards stood ready to receive them, but Monsieur and divers others of the nobility seeing the danger caused them both to desist, and the King has sent to have these differences taken up.—Paris, 29 Jan. 1568. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 3.
2. P.S.—Peace is again treated of. The Chief President being suspected to be a great let to the making of the peace, coming somewhat late from the Court, was accompanied by four gentlemen, all strangers, who advised him to deal uprightly in these matters, or else he should repent it. They of Rochelle fortify the town day and night. The Queen has entered into great jealousy of the Parisians, fearing that they will work somewhat against her. The King has kept his chamber these four days past.—Paris, 29 Jan. 1568. Signed.
On a separate piece of paper. Pp. 2.
Jan. 30. 1971. Sir William Drury to Cecil.
Encloses a note of divers things wanting at Berwick, especially match.—Berwick, 30 Jan. 1567. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
Jan. 30. 1972. Stores for Berwick.
Elm timber, 20 tons; iron, 8 tons; match, 2,000 weight; bows, 1,000; copper plate, 2 cwt. Signed: John Bennett.
P. ½.
Jan. 30. 1973. Sir William Drury to Cecil.
1. Murray has sent a herald to the Lord Fleming for the delivery of Dumbarton Castle, for that he understands that the Bishop of St. Andrew's minds to furnish the same with victuals. The razing of Dunbar is stayed, in respect that the master carpenter who should demolish it demands 2,000l. Scots. The Inch is already taken down. The Bishop of Dunkeld is delivered out of ward. Lord Seton offers for agreement between him and Francis Douglas 600 marks Scottish. The Earl of Murray's allowance for his diets is to be 20l. Scots by the day; and the Queen and King as much equally divided between them. Encloses the answer to the bill set up against the Regent, and also the names of such Scotchmen as are dwelling in the East Marches.—Berwick, 30 Jan. 1567. Signed.
2. P.S.—Is now in hand finding out such Englishmen as have paid rent unto Scotchmen dwelling in Scotland, which is called "blake meale," or black rent, which has been in many places of these parts used.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2½.
Jan. 31. 1974. Pietro Bizarri to Cecil.
Sends advices from Rome of the 24th inst., and from Vienna of the 22nd; also news from Poland and the Court of France. —Venice, 31. Jan. 1568. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Ital. Pp. 2¼.
Jan. 31. 1975. The Queen to the Regent Murray.
Has caused certain of her Council to hear Nichol Elphinstone, and upon report made by them of his charge, she caused such answer to be made as in honour and reason she thought meet.
Draft in Cecil's writing. Endd. P. 1.
Jan. 1976. Armies of the French King and the Prince of Conde.
1. Army of the King, 20,600 horsemen, and 10,000 Swiss footmen. The numbers of the other footmen are not set down.
2. Conde's army, footmen, 13,000; horsemen, 11,900, whereof reiters 6,200.
Endd. Pp. 4.
Jan. 1977. Order of St. Michael.
List of the names of ninety-six gentlemen made knights of the Order of St. Michael in January 1568.
Endd. Pp. 2.
Jan. 1978. Payment of Troops in France.
1. Account of the sums of money paid to troops, native and foreign, in the French King's service during the month of January 1568, amounting to 987,052 livres, or 116,646l. 9s. sterling.
The amounts reduced from French to English money by Cecil. Endd. Pp. 2.
Jan. 1979. The East Marches.
List of officers with their salaries, and regulations for the governing the East Marches and garrisoning the castles therein; also the distance in miles between different castles.
Endd.: The opinion of the Lord Treasurer, but not followed. Pp. 18.