Milan: 1522

Calendar of State Papers and Manuscripts in the Archives and Collections of Milan 1385-1618. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1912.

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'Milan: 1522', in Calendar of State Papers and Manuscripts in the Archives and Collections of Milan 1385-1618, (London, 1912) pp. 441-442. British History Online [accessed 24 April 2024]


June 16.
720. Treaty of Windsor. (Imperial Counterpart.) (fn. 1)
Charles etc. At a time when the ruler of the Turks is threatening all the Christian powers, has sacked and ravaged Hungary, and meditates still greater undertakings, the King of the French is levying war in Christendom. After violating the treaties and breaking the peace while Pope Leo X was still alive he first openly attacked the states of the Church, and then, though to his own detriment, invaded our own realms and dominions in French Flanders and Spain, without any previous defiance, and laid them waste with sword and fire. For this reason, Henry, King of England and France, Lord of Ireland, our very dear brother and uncle, deservedly styled Defender of the Faith, having been requested in virtue of treaties to keep his faith and oath, as the French king has rejected equitable conditions of peace or truce, has declared himself his enemy.
Having met together, being both defenders as well of the Catholic Church as of the orthodox faith, and desiring to secure peace among Christians, in order that the forces of Christendom may be combined against its cruel enemies, we have made this indissoluble treaty and perpetual peace.
(1.) This treaty is nowise to disparage existing treaties between Charles and Henry, though it is to take precedence of all others.
(2.) They shall henceforth be united heart and soul for the preservation of their persons, dignities, dominions and revenues by whomsoever detained or occupied, declaring themselves friends of friends and foes of foes. This treaty to include any dominions hereafter acquired by them.
(3.) Should any potentate attack the emperor, the King of England is to render assistance at his own cost; the emperor doing the like by the king.
(4.) As the expedition against the Turks cannot be effected until punishment be first inflicted on the guilty peacebreakers among Christians, and as the root of this evil proceeds from the undue occupation by the King of the French of what belongs to others, the contracting sovereigns, having already declared themselves his enemies, will continue the war against him both by land and sea.
(5.) Neither party to recall his army or fleet, until each recover what belongs to him.
(6.) Neither to desist from the war without the consent of his ally, and should the enemy make proposals for peace, they are to be communicated.
(7.) Mutual transit to be allowed through the territories of the contracting parties for vessels, troops etc.
(8.) Any acquisition to be surrendered to the party to whom it rightfully belongs.
(9.) The enemies and rebels of each are to be deemed enemies and rebels of both, and banished.
(10.) Pope Adrian VI to be invited to become the head of this league within three months.
(11.) If the Venetian Republic make peace or truce with the emperor, and alienate itself entirely from the French alliance, and according to the treaty declare against the French, the Republic is to be held as a confederate.
As the Switzers are well affected to the emperor and the King of England envoys are to be sent to them to renounce the yoke and alliance of France and enter into the present treaty. Should they fail to do so, the contracting parties are to endeavour through their envoys to prevent them from adhering to France and securing their neutrality.
(13.) No power to be included in the present treaty save by the consent of the contracting parties, who nominate as their friends and confederates the Kings of Hungary, Denmark, Portugal and Poland, the holy Roman Empire and its princes, electors, Don Ferdinand, Infant of Spain and Archduke of Austria, Lady Margaret Archduchess, widow relict of Savoy and Countess of Burgundy, Cardinal de' Medici, with the Florentine Republic, the Cardinal of Liege with the city of Liege, the Cardinal of Lyons with his dominions, the Dukes of Savoy, Milan, Juliers and Cleves, the Marquises of Monferrat and Mantua, and the Bishops of Utrecht and Munster.
These articles we, Charles, emperor elect, promise Henry, King of England and France to keep and observe inviolate; and for their observance bind under mortgage and bond all our goods wherever existing. We have signed these our letters with our own hand and have commanded that our Great Seal be set to them.
Windsor Castle, the 16th June, 1522.
Collated with the original by Philip Nicola, the emperor's secretary.


  • 1. Venetian Cal., vol. iii, no. 479.