Spain: July 1505

Calendar of State Papers, Spain, Volume 1, 1485-1509. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1862.

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'Spain: July 1505', Calendar of State Papers, Spain, Volume 1, 1485-1509, (London, 1862), pp. 362-366. British History Online [accessed 22 June 2024].

. "Spain: July 1505", in Calendar of State Papers, Spain, Volume 1, 1485-1509, (London, 1862) 362-366. British History Online, accessed June 22, 2024,

. "Spain: July 1505", Calendar of State Papers, Spain, Volume 1, 1485-1509, (London, 1862). 362-366. British History Online. Web. 22 June 2024,

July 1505

July. 437. Henry VII.
Instructions and report of James Braybroke, Francis Marsin, and John Stile, respecting Ferdinand, King of Arragon.
I. To take with them letters from the King of England, and a book of articles, for the mutual assistance to be given by the Kings of England and Arragon against France, and to bring back the answer of the King of Arragon. To endeavour, in the most wise and secret ways they can use, to learn the state the King of Arragon hath stood in since the death of his Queen.
Audience had by the English ambassadors of the King of Arragon.
On the 17th of July the ambassadors had their first audience of the King of Arragon, and delivered the King of England's letters. After asking after the health of his noble brother, and of the noble Prince of Wales, the King of Arragon said that as to the conclusion of the disposal betwixt the noble Lord, the Prince of Wales, and his daughter, the Lady Katharine, it had been greatly to his comfort. Inquired if she could speak any English, and was told she could speak some, and understand much more. The ambassadors commended her for her great affection to her father, who replied that she had ever loved him more than his other children ; and that he greatly desired she should be an Englishwoman. Has also written to her at divers times to apply herself to learn that language.
II. Whether any speech or likelihood of the King and Queen of Castile going to those parts, and whether they, or the King of Arragon, have the chief authority.
King and Queen of Castile.
There was no very certain knowledge of the King Archduke and the Queen coming to Spain. Letters were constantly passing from the one court to the other.
III. Whether the people desire the coming of the King and Queen of Castile.
They right greatly desire it, being, as they are, so inclined to their own natural Princes, and trusting that then they should not have to pay so many taxes ; the land having been made very poor by the King of Arragon, who had ever been most chargeable to them.
IV. Of what wisdom the King of Arragon is reputed to be ; whether he, himself, rules, or is ruled by counsellors.
He is reputed very wise, and determines the greatest and most secret causes himself. Almazan is his chief counsellor in outward matters ; others of his counsellors are continually at court, but no man is so near his most secret council as Almazan.
V. Whether there are any factions, or divisions, between the King and his nobles.
Affairs of the King of Arragon.
There is variance between the Constable of Spain and the Duke of Anajara. Other factions also exist, and there is fear of troubles ensuing.
VI. Whether the King of Portugal favours the King of Arragon, or the King Archduke.
He loveth and favoreth most the King of Arragon.
VII. Whether there is any speech of accord, or likelihood of war, betwixt the King of Arragon and the French King.
Could not hear of any mention of war. The common saying of the people was that they were sorry the King Archduke was so much ruled by the Council of France.
VIII. In what esteem is the King of England held.
Opinion held of the King of England.
The King and his nobles repute him to be one of the wisest and most excellent Princes in the world. Many of the commons think the same. But many gentlemen and commons who have no knowledge of the King, or his realm, think there is no land but Spain.
Marriage of the Princess of Wales.
IX. What speech is there of the marriage betwixt the Prince of Wales and the Lady Katharine.
The King and his nobles greatly rejoice thereat, and are desirous it had pleased God that the Prince and Princess of Wales had been as near the Crown of Castile as the Archduke and his Queen. Every man and woman in the realm favour the Lady Princess above any other of the King's children. After the decease of Prince Arthur much labour had nevertheless been made to the King to marry her to the Duke of Calabria.
X. Whether the King of Arragon be reputed King, or Administrator of Castile ; and if the latter, whether he take the revenues to his own behalf.
Immediately on his Queen's decease he had proclaimed himself Governor and Administrator of Castile on behalf of his daughter, though divers of his nobles were displeased at him for not retaining the title of King. Receives all the revenues to his own use.
Marriage articles.
The rebel Suffolk.
The ambassadors proceed to say that on the 21st of July they had shown the King of Arragon the overture made to the King of England by Ferdnand, the Duke, and had delivered to him the book of articles, which the King said he had already received from De Puebla. But he added, that he would send for his Secretary, and compare the two books together, after which he would give an answer thereupon. On the 23rd of July the ambassadors met Almazan, who asked whether they had any other matters to show. They replied, that as, every day, the period appointed for the marriage betwixt the Prince and Princess of Wales was approaching, the King of England hoped that by that time everything would be performed and paid on behalf of the King of Arragon ; to which Almazan replied, that nothing should be faulted according to the articles that had been agreed upon. He then went on to speak of the resolve of the King of Arragon to rule Castile during his lifetime ; of the state of the kingdom, and of his intents and enterprises ; also of his sentiments towards the Archduke, and the course he was minded to pursue towards him. Furthermore he said that the King had seen the copy of the articles, and that they agreed with those sent by De Puebla ; nevertheless he was displeased with some of them. However, he was told that nothing had been put in them save by assent of the Spanish ambassador. He said, moreover, that the King his master was bearing the matter of Suffolk, the rebel, in mind, and that he had thought the King of England would have had him long since, but he had been deceived by his ambassador Juan Manuel, who had written that he should be delivered on a certain day. On Almazan being asked whether he was of opinion that the King of Arragon would marry, he said he would never do so if the Archduke dealt well and kindly with him.
Young Queen of Naples.
Prince Charles of Spain.
The ambassadors add that they had heard, before their coming to Valencia, that a marriage had been concluded between the King of England and the young Queen of Naples, and had found that the first speech of it had come from Pascarell her apothecary. On the 28th of July the old Queen of Naples had arrived, and had had a long conference with the King of Arragon about her daughter's marriage ; so said the common voice. When John Stile spoke to Almazan of the picture he had desired to have of the young Queen of Naples for the Princess of Wales, he was told that if the ambassadors had gone first to the King, instead of going first to Valencia, his Highness would have caused them to have the picture, but as she was at Monvedro they could not have it without going there. Almazan said, moreover, that the King his master favoured all the King of England's causes, and, if it were in his power, would make another marriage betwixt Prince Charles of Spain and the King of England's daughter.
X. How proclamations and writings are made.
In Queen Juana's name, and King Ferdinand's, as administrator of her realm.
XII. What ambassadors are at the court, specially of France.
Several are at court, but none from France.
XIII. What authority De Puebla hath.
De Puebla.
Is greatly in favour with the King and Almazan. Such of the nobles and commons as formerly knew him in Spain commend him.
XIV. Whether there be good obeisance showed the King of Arragon.
All the nobles and commons are very obedient, loving him for the good justice he ministers to them.
XV. How it stands between the King of Arragon and the Kings of Portugal and the Romans.
Kings of Portugal and the Romans.
The King of Portugal much loves and favours him, but the King of Arragon has no trust in the King of the Romans.
XVI. What authority Ferdinand, the Duke, hath.
Ferdnand Duke de Estrada.
Is a Maestre de Sala to the King, and is taken to be an honest, wise, gentleman. But the Queen had been displeased for that he had taken too much rule in the Princess of Wales' household, and had told him she had sent him to England as her ambassador, and not to rule her daughter.
XVII. What attendance the King hath, and what order he useth.
Description of the King of Arragon.
Many lords spiritual and temporal, also many knights, attend upon him. Rises before 6, and by 8 hath heard two masses, after which he goes to dinner, where every man may see him. Is a good feeder, and drinks two great draughts of wine and water ; never sits more than half an hour at table, and none sit with him. After he hath dined all the lords and others go to their own lodgings to dine.
XVIII. To mark well his personage, and whether he be toward any marriage.
Is of goodly personage, and right lusty of his age, for he is of the age of 55 or 56. Hath a smiling countenance ; lisps because of a tooth he hath lost before ; hath a little cast in the left eye ; of a gross strong nature. They had been told at Blois that he should marry Madame de Foix, but had heard no mention of it in Spain.
XIX. His substance and riches.
His riches.
Reputed to be very rich, having during his Queen's life spent nothing of his revenues of Arragon and Sicily.
XX. What favour the men of war bear him.
They much favour and love him.
XXI. Whether there be any wars between him and the Moors, or in any other parts, and whether the realm of Naples be in obedience to him.
His wars.
Of late he maketh war against the Moors of Barbary, and hath provided for an enterprise against them. The realm of Naples is fully under his obeisance, but the Commons there like not the Captain Gonsalo Fernandez.
XXII. Daily and nightly to put all things seen and heard of them in writing.
Item : To confer with some substantial person or persons of the King's secret council about the espousals between the Prince and Princess of Wales, and the performance of the articles agreed to thereupon, as well for payment of the dowry as other things, and to note well the answer they receive.
This article is answered in the communication with Almazan.
English. 42 pages of print.
Printed in Gairdner's Memorials.