Spain: October 1513

Pages 161-165

Calendar of State Papers, Spain, Volume 2, 1509-1525. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1866.

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October 1513

6 Oct.
P. A. d. l'E. M. H. K. 1639. No. 22.
136. Juana, Queen Of Castile, to All Persons.
Swears to the treaty concluded on the 1st of April 1513, between her father, King Ferdinand, the Emperor, the King of England, Prince Charles, and herself, on the one part ; and the King of France, the King of Scotland, and the Duke of Gueldres, on the other part.—Valladolid, the 6th of October 1513.
Spanish. Original. pp. 2.
12 Oct.
S. E. Pat. Re. Cap. c. Pont. L. 2.
137. King Henry VIII. to Pope Leo X.
Whilst he was absent from England, the Earl of Surrey entirely defeated the Scots, in spite of their superior numbers. They lost 13,000 men, and their King and all their great men are among the slain. The Cardinal of York and the Bishop of Worcester, his ambassadors in Rome, will tell him more about this victory.
It is well known that the King of Scotland was his ally and kinsman. He would have kept peace with him had he not been instigated by the French to begin war, and been deceived by their great promises. As long as but one of the great men of Scotland, who may, perhaps, have escaped by timely flight, remains alive, he will not conclude peace with the Scots.
Has conquered Tournay. The French ran away so quickly that it was impossible for him to follow them.
Has conferred with the Emperor and the Archduchess Margaret about the affairs of the Prince of Castile, and especially about the marriage of the Prince with the Princess Mary, his sister. The Prince came in person to Tournay.
Has decided to go back to England, but intends soon to return with a more powerful army. Leaves Tournay next day.
Begs him to reduce the newly erected Archbishopric of St. Andrews to its former rank of a bishopric, subordinate to the Archbishop of York.
Begs permission to bury the corpse of the King of Scotland in St. Paul's in London, although he has been excommunicated.— No date. No signature.
Latin. Copy. pp. 9.
This letter is printed from the autograph preserved in the Vatican, in the Vetera Monumenta Hibernorum et Scotorum, &c. Edited by Augustinus Theiner. Rome, 1864. It is there dated : Tournay, the 12th of October 1513.
17 Oct.
P. A. d. l'E. Mon. Hist. B. 1639. No. 32.
138. Treaty between Maximilian, Emperor Elect, King Ferdinand The Catholic, in his name and in the name of Queen Juana Of Castile, Henry VIII. King Of England, and Prince Charles.
The commissioners are—
On the part of King Ferdinand the Catholic :
Pedro de Urea ;
Luis Caroz.
On the part of the Emperor elect and Prince Charles :
Johannes de Berghes, Governor of Namur ;
Gerard de la Plaine, Seigneur of Magny and de la Roche.
On the part of Henry, "the most Christian King of France and England and Lord of Ireland :"
Richard, Bishop of Winchester ;
Thomas Grey, Marquis of Dorset.
Louis, "King of the French," rebelled against the Church, and took up arms against the Vicar of Christ. He was the author of the schism in the Church. The Emperor elect, King Ferdinand the Catholic, and "the King of France and England" concluded, therefore, an alliance, the object of which was to defend the Church and to extinguish the schism. God has favoured that just cause ; but as the allied princes have not yet entirely executed their work, they have concluded the following articles :—
1. None of the contracting parties is at liberty to conclude or renew a truce with the King of France.
2. King Ferdinand the Catholic binds himself to invade the Duchy of Guienne on or before the 1st day of June next, with an army of 15,000 foot, 1,500 light horse, and 1,500 heavy cavalry.
3. The "King of France and England" binds himself to pay King Ferdinand the expenses of his troops employed in the conquest of Guienne. The expenses are estimated at 20,000 gold crowns a month.
4. The Emperor elect and the "King of France and England" bind themselves to begin war in Normandy and Picardy, or wherever they can cause the greatest losses to the French. The war is to commence on or before the 1st of June next. Each of the armies is to be strong enough to resist an attack of the French troops, to besiege and to defend fortified places, &c.
5. King Ferdinand and the "King of France and England" bind themselves to keep, each of them, a strong fleet at sea during the six months which follow the 1st of April next ensuing, or as long as the war lasts.
6. The "King of France and England" promises to give the captain-general who is to command the troops in Guienne a commission empowering him to take the conquered territories, castles, cities, &c., in possession, in the name of the "King of France and England."
7. None of the contracting parties is at liberty to conclude a separate treaty of peace with the "King of the French."
8. This treaty is to be ratified by the contracting princes within five months.
9. All the former treaties between the contracting parties remain in full force in so far as they are not altered by this treaty.
10. The Pope, the Duke of Milan, and the Florentines are included in this treaty.—Lille, the 17th of October 1513.
Ri. Winton.
Thomas Markys Dorset.
Indorsed in Spanish : "Treaty of truce concluded between the Catholic King and Queen, Don Ferdinand and Doña Juana, and King Louis of France." (fn. 1)
Latin. Autograph. p. 1. On a large sheet of parchment.
17 Oct.
S. E. Pat. Re. T. c. I. L. 6. f. 11.
139. Treaty between the Emperor Elect, Henry VIII., King Of England, and King Ferdinand The Catholic.
This document is mutatis mutandis the same treaty as the preceding. On parchment. It is signed by the Imperial ambassadors :
J. de Berghes.
Indorsed : "League and confederacy between the Catholic King, Don Ferdinand, the Emperor Maximilian, and the King of England, against Louis, King of France. October 1513."
Latin. Written on a large sheet of parchment. Autograph.
23 Oct.
P. A. d. l'E. Neg. K. 1638. No. 128.
140. King Ferdinand The Catholic to Monsieur De Borne.
He is to return to the Queen of France and to speak to her as follows, in answer to what the Queen has proposed to him (King Ferdinand).
Is glad to hear that the King and the Queen of France enjoy such good health.
Thanks the Queen of France for her good offices concerning the Spanish merchant vessel which was captured off Brittany.
Never breaks treaties he has signed and sworn to.
The Queen of France begs him to employ his good offices to establish peace. Has always been a true friend of the King and Queen of France and a lover of peace. Desires nothing more ardently than to live quietly, and to leave his heirs in the peaceful enjoyment of their inheritance. The King of France should have concluded the truce immediately after the English troops had left Spain. Had he done so a great amount of money would have been saved. Would have prevented the Emperor and the King of England from invading France. As soon as the English troops had embarked, he begged the King of France to conclude a truce with him, but the King of France refused, from love of the King and Queen of Navarra, who never were his friends and never will be. When at last the King of France concluded the truce, great sums of money had already been expended in preparations for a new war. The King of England did not like to lose his money, and persisted, therefore, in renewing the war with France. The Emperor and the King of England even reproached him for having concluded a truce at a time when they thought that France was unable to defend herself.
Although the King of France had concluded a truce with him on the 1st of April, he did not seem to be much inclined to peace. He had promised to do nothing that could trouble the peace of Christendom, and, in spite of this promise, he (the King of France) concluded an alliance with the Ventians, who are the enemies of the Church. This alliance was made public at Venice on the 5th of April, that is to say, only a few days after the conclusion of the truce. The King of France offered him a particular peace ; but a particular peace with him and an alliance with the enemies of the Church was not the way to ensure a general peace of Christendom.
Since he saw the King of France at Savona he loves him so much that he is ready to do all in his power to reconcile him with all the princes of Christendom. Begs the Queen of France to ask the King her husband to state very clearly on what conditions he thinks that a general peace of Christendom and a war with the Infidels can be made.
Hopes peace will be concluded before the truce expires.
Approves of a marriage between Madame Renée and the Infante.
The Queen can always count on his assistance if she wants it.
Indorsed : "By Monsieur de Borne. Valbuena, the 23rd of October 1513. He left on the 24th of October.
"Instruction of the Catholic King for Monsieur de Borne, in answer to the proposals of the Queen of France, of which he was the bearer."
Spanish. Draft. pp. 3.
End of Oct. (?)
M. Re. Ac. d. Hist. Salazar. A. 9. f. 27.
141. King Henry VIII. to the Pope.
Informed him in a former letter that he intended to return to England, and writes to him now to tell him that he has arrived without accident.
He has admonished him not to be elated after his victories over the French and the Scots, and to make peace. Assures him that he attributes his victories not to himself, but to God.
As God gave Saul power to slay 1,000 and David strength to kill 10,000 enemies, so He has made him strong.
As far as the King of Scotland is concerned, assures him that he has done all in his power during the two last years to keep peace with him. The great promises of the French, however, were an irresistible inducement to the Scots to go to war.
Is sorry that the King of Scotland has been slain, but must observe that, although the Scots have lost almost all their noblemen, and although all their engines of war were taken from them, they have, nevertheless, not made any offer of peace. Has read his exhortations to conclude peace with great veneration, but is afraid lest a premature peace might only be the source of greater wars in the future. Begs him, therefore, to hear what the Cardinal of York and the Bishop of Worcester, his ambassadors in Rome, will tell him with respect to his intention to send a legate to England.—Datum, &c.
Indorsed : "Copy of the letter of the King of England to the Pope."
Latin. Contemporary copy. pp. 2.


  • 1. This indorsement is evidently false. The error seems to have been committed because the King of England is styled "Christianissimus Franciæ et Angliæ Rex."