Spain: October 1524

Pages 669-673

Calendar of State Papers, Spain, Volume 2, 1509-1525. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1866.

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October 1524

3 Oct.
M. Re. Ac. d. Hist. Salazar. A. 32. f. 197.
687. Lope De Soria, Imperial Ambassador in Genoa, to the Emperor.
The French threaten to land troops at Genoa or Savona. The Doge makes all possible efforts to provide against such a contingency, but he says he wants succour, especially as he cannot find the necessary money.
Letters from London, dated the 7th of September, say that the King of England is making preparations to invade France in person, but the Italians do not believe it. If neither the English nor he (the Emperor) invade France it is clear that the French will invade Italy. They have assembled a considerable army.—Monasterio del Boschetto, near Genoa, the 3rd of October 1524.
Addressed : "To his Sacred, Imperial, and Catholic Majesty."
Indorsed : "To [paper gone]. Genoa. From Lope de Soria [paper gone] October. Answered."
Spanish. Autograph. pp. 2.
3 Oct.
M. Re. Ac. d. Hist. Salazar. A. 32. f. 200.
688. Juan Perez, First Secretary to the Imperial Embassy in Rome (fn. 1), to the Emperor.
Having heard that a courier from England had arrived, he went to the English ambassador, who told him that he had received letters from the King and the Cardinal, dated the 10th and 12th of September. Both the King and the Cardinal of England write that they are much astonished to hear that he (the Emperor) intends to conclude a truce with France on conditions which are ignominious to him and to the King of England. They will not consent to it, and reject all offers of peace except in case the peace is very honourable and advantageous to them. The King of England declares that he is determined to continue the war with France, even if he has to pay all the expenses. The English are preparing, with great diligence, all that is necessary for an invasion of France, and they say that their army will pass the winter in that country. They are providing all things that are necessary. The Cardinal (Wolsey) entirely approves this plan, and does all he can to carry it out.
The affairs of Scotland, they say, are no longer an obstacle, as they have already forced the Duke of Albany and his partisans to leave that country. The Scots have sworn obedience to their King, and his mother is to take into her own hands the government of Scotland until the King is of age. Two bishops of the party of the Duke of Albany are taken prisoners ; one of them was the chancellor of the kingdom. Thus, the King of England says, the affairs of Scotland are in such a state as to satisfy him.
The King of England declares in his letter that he is ready to place himself at the head of his army, should it be necessary. He has sent a captain of the name of Edward to Flanders, to enlist 5,000 horse and 5,000 German foot, who are to be paid by him (the Emperor) and the King of England. The ordnance which was at Valenciennes has already begun to march to the place where the English army was to assemble.
The English ambassador said to him he was quite persuaded that if the Seigneur de la Roche had not died, the truce would have been concluded, although that would have reflected very little honour on him (the Emperor) and the King of England.—No date. No signature.
Enclosed in a holograph letter of the Secretary Juan Perez to the Emperor.
Addressed : "To his most Sacred, Imperial, and Catholic Majesty."
Indorsed : "To the King. 1524. Rome. From the Secretary Perez, the 3rd of October."
Spanish. Written in the hand of the second secretary to the Imperial embassy in Rome. p. 1.
7 Oct.
M. Re. Ac. d. Hist. Muñoz. 56. f. 230.
689. The Emperor to the Duke Of Sessa, his Ambassador in Rome.
As the Pope refuses to enter into the league, he is not to speak to him on that subject, but to wait till the Pope begs to be received into it.
Church preferment and ecclesiastical affairs. The Datary is suspected. Pensions to servants of the Pope. Count of Potenzia. Papal nuncio in Spain.
Is sorry that the death of Monsieur de la Roche has interrupted the negotiations. The Viceroy will open his papers.
A short truce would not be acceptable. It would only increase all the evils of war. It would render the war more general. He (the Emperor) and the King of England have reciprocally bound themselves to carry out "the great enter prise," and to invade France in person at the head of powerful armies. According to the treaty, the invasion is to begin in the month of April next. If the truce is not concluded for the whole of next summer, he (the Emperor) and the King of England will be bound to fulfil the treaty and to invade France. He is, therefore, firmly to insist that the truce be not concluded for less than three years. Is credibly informed that the French ambassador is not authorized to conclude the truce, as his power is not given to him alone, but to him and Monsieur de St. Marsau, who is still staying in France. That is nothing but a French stratagem to delay the conclusion of the truce. Knows very well the reasons why the English ambassador makes difficulties about concluding the truce, but it is best to ignore them. When the Archbishop of Capua returns all will be duly settled.
The ambassadors of Florence and of the Duke of Ferrara have spoken with him about Martin Luther. Encloses a copy of the answer he gave them, and authorizes him to show it to the Pope.
The Duke of Bourbon, the Marquis of Pescara, and the other captains of his army in Provence have sent Loquinguen and Bracamonte to him, asking him to decide what they ought to do. Does what he can to help them. Will send them 4,000 Spanish foot from Catalonia and the German infantry from Roussillon. In four or five days will send them bills of exchange for 50,000 ducats, and an additional sum of 50,000 ducats shall soon follow. These 100,000 ducats are sent in addition to the 100,000 ducats which he has lately ordered the Viceroy to pay to the captains. He is to tell this to the Pope.
Monsieur de Pamperan has saved (the life of) the Duke of Bourbon on his retreat. His brother is prothonotary in Rome. Begs the Pope to reward him.
Church preferment.—Aniago, (fn. 2) the 7th of October 1524.
Post datum.—The bulls concerning the payment of the pension of the Cardinal of England out of the revenues of the see of Toledo must soon be despatched. As soon as they are despatched he is to say so to the English ambassador in Rome, and to write to him (the Emperor), as he will pay what is due for the bulls to the Chancery.
Has received letters from England of the 6th of September, by which he is informed that the King of England intends soon to send an army over to France, which, after having been joined by the Imperial troops from Flanders, is to invade France. The English army is said to amount to 6,000 horse and a very numerous body of infantry. Thinks he has already received the same information from England.—Datum ut supra.
Spanish. Draft. pp. 11.
12 Oct.
M. Re. Ac. d. Hist. Salazar. A. 32. ff. 228-230.
690. Juan Perez, First Secretary to the Imperial Embassy in Rome, to the Emperor.
The French reject all proposals of a truce or of peace, and their army is on the way to Italy.
Spoke about the news from France with the Pope, who said to him that if the Imperial army could return to Italy before the French, the French would probably be defeated. Asked the Pope to give money for the maintenance of the army. The Pope, however, answered in general terms, saying that he was poor, &c., but that he had ordered the Archbishop of Capua to tell the King of France that he forbids him to invade Italy, as he still hopes to conclude peace. His Holiness added that he intends to send a servant of his to England, and to admonish the King to accept the truce and to make peace. He said at the same time that he would beg the King of England to order his ambassador to pay the 100,000 ducats which he had sent with some English Knights of Rhodes, but which had not been delivered, because when the knights arrived the siege of Marseilles was already raised and the army retiring. They brought the 100,000 ducats to Rome, where they are preserved.
Urged the Pope to declare himself against the King of France, but his speaking was to little purpose. The Duke of Sessa is still confined to his house by illness.—Rome, the 12th of October 1524.
Indorsed : "To the King. 1524. Rome. The Secretary Juan Perez. The 12th of October."
Spanish. Holograph in cipher. Contemporary deciphering. pp. 4.
19 Oct.
M. Re. Ac. d. Hist. Salazar. A. 32. f. 247.
691. The Prothonotary Caracciolo to the Emperor.
The King of France was at Turin on the 17th, the Imperial army forty miglie from Alessandria.
The army is not paid. According to what the Abbot of Najera writes, 80,000 ducats are due to it. Hopes the troops will not mutiny.
There is no money to pay the army, except the 100,000 ducats which the King of England has sent to Rome. The English agents make, however, great difficulties, and refuse to give any money. Every means is employed to induce them to deliver the 100,000 ducats to the Imperial captains, to be employed in paying the troops.
If the 100,000 ducats can be obtained, they will be absorbed in paying the arrears.—Pizzighetone, the 19th of October.
Italian. Holograph in cipher. Deciphering by Mr. Paul Friedmann. pp. 2.


  • 1. He was entrusted with the affairs of the embassy during the absence of the Duke of Sessa.
  • 2. In the neighbourhood of Medina del Campo.