Index: A

Calendar of State Papers Relating To English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 11, 1607-1610. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1904.

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'Index: A', in Calendar of State Papers Relating To English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 11, 1607-1610, (London, 1904) pp. 523-535. British History Online [accessed 20 April 2024]


*** The figures, unless otherwise stated, refer to the numbers of the abstracts.

Abbot, George, archbishop of Canterbury, p. xix.

Abdul, Muley, King of Morocco, his victory mentioned, 712. See Morocco.

Accession Day celebrated, 204,

with “jousts of great pomp and beauty,” 216.

Achmet, Turkish Ambassador to the Emperor, expected at Prague, 652A.

Achmet I, Sultan of Turkey:—

“going from bad to worse,” neglects business, promotes favourites, 65.

the Cavass or Ciaus, presents letters of credence from, to King James at Windsor, 71;

the object of mission, apparently, to compliment King James on his accession, 82.

the physician to the Venetian Embassy practises in his Serraglio, 219.

a galleot, with presents for, seized off Paxos, 704.

averse to the opening of a silk mart at Trebizond, 921.

report that he has sanctioned the presence of the Jesuits in Constantinople, 922.

Acre, loss of vessel off, 497.

Adige, the, Sir Henry Wotton descends, 334.

Admiral, High, of Scotland. See Stuart, Lodovic, Duke of Lennox.

-, the Lord High. See Howard, Charles, Earl of Nottingham.

Admiralty Court, London, Judge Deputy of, warned by Lord Salisbury to respect Venetian rights;

scandalous proceedings in. 135;

Judge of prohibited by King, from hearing case in, in King's absence, 141;

discussion in Privy Council on legal aspect of such interference, 142;

the King promises to remove case from Admiralty to “Commission of the Council.” 174,

the Doge's thanks, 200,

action of the Privy Council in case, 229;

the King's grant of a “special bench” for the affair mentioned, 266, 295;

recapitulation of the affair, and King's interference with jurisdiction of, 323, 364;

officials of, suspected of connivance in piracy by King, an enquiry ordered, abuses discovered, 367, 386;

jurisdiction of, interfered with by proclamation;

cases touching piracy to be summarily dealt with, &c., 427;

decision of, in the case of the 'Soderina', reviewed by the Common Law Judges, the matter withdrawn from the usurped jurisdiction of the Privy Council, and restored to;

the new Judge of the Admiralty attempts to arrange the affair, 456,

repudiates his promises, on the ground that he could speak neither Italian nor French, 477;

the King investigating abuses in, 539 and note;

abuses in to be hushed up, 548 (p. 297);

case of the “Soderina” before the Judge of, 564;

the King presides in, in person, condones the defalcations discovered, 575 and note;

the Judge of, ordered by the King to “give no cause for complaint” in the matter of the “Soderina,” 575 (p. 313);

the King again intervenes, 714;

“the result has been evident,” for the Judge pronounces sentence in favour of the Venetians, announcing in public “that he had the King's orders,” 719;

the case of the “Corsaletta” comes before, the Venetian Ambassador is cited, but refuses to appear;

judgment is given “in contumacy”;

he appeals to Lord Salisbury, and sets up claim that “it is not in the competence of a particular judge” to decide cases to which the Republic is a party, 726;

Lord Salisbury upholds the jurisdiction of the Court. 731;

citations of the Court in the case, 732, 733;

“the sentence and summons in contumacy” annulled, 738;

the Privy Council send the case of the “Soderina” back to, with recommendation to allow “the costs of customs, warehousing and hire” to the merchants concerned, 743;

officer of, notifies Ambassador Correr of the arrest of a pirate, 880.

-, Judge of. See Trevor, Richard.

“Advantage”. See Ships.

Ærschot. Duke of. See Croy, Charles de.

Aerssens, François van, Seigneur de Sommelsdijck, Dutch Agent in France, negotiation between, and John Neyen, 29;

in consultation on Jeannin's report, 272;

French payments to, 309;

alleged remark to, of Henry IV, 365;

offers to enlist soldiers in the Netherlands for Venice, 485;

gives the Venetian Ambassador information, 532,

urges Venice to join league between France, England and Dutch, 533.

Africa, Dutch fleet repairing on coast of, 1;

Spanish Armada designed for, 182,

attacks, and is repulsed, 326;

the “sinister nature,” for Spain “of the African coast,” 499;

a fresh Spanish attempt at conquest in, 518;

Spanish fleet off coast of, 628;

Moriscoes cross to, 693, 712,

their sufferings in, 718;

crew of French privateer escapes to, in boat, 752.

-, See also Algiers: Barbary;




Agnaville, — d', orders from Spain to, to assist the Prince of Condé, 798.

Aituna, Marchese de'. See Moncade.

Aix-la-Chapelle, the Governor of, in Brussels, 813.

Albania, grain exported from, to Zante, 464.

Alberghini, Alberghin di, of Salò, his case commended to the Venetian Senate by Sir Henry Wotton, 49,

for licence to carry arms, 125,

granted, with exception of dagger, 165;

brigands take refuge in his house, 691.

Alberi, “Relazioni Venete,” cited in note to, 705.

Albert, Archduke of Austria. See Austria.

Albigny, M. d'. See Simiane.

Albinoni, Giacomo, owner of the “Marigold,” 880.

Akalà, Robert Sherley at, 790 and note.

Aldine, Dr., 647 note.

Aldobrandino Piero, Cardinal, supposed overtures to, by King James, 354.

Alega, Canon of S. Giorgio in, 739 note.

Aleppo, Pasha of, in revolt against the Turk, 65;

Venetian Consul in, 200;

question of Consular dues at, 281;

port of (Alexandretta), to be removed, 505, 515, 529, 530, 753, 847;

goods intended for the Shah of Persia arrested at, 581;

Venetian silk trade at, 921, 940.

-, English Consul at. See Pinder, Paul.

-, Venetian Consul at. See Sagredo.

Alexandretta, or Iskanderun, the port of Aleppo, in Syria. Venetian trade with, 172;

English and Venetian ships leave, 200, 202;

protection of Venetian trade with, p. 122;

the “Good Hope” bound from, to Venice, 250;

Imperial order for port of, to be closed, on account of mischief done in those waters by foreign ships, and for its transference to Tripoli, p. xxxix, 493;

reported murder at, by Girolamo Memmo, of French Consul, 496;

the removal of the port (of Aleppo) to Tripoli, 505;

order in the case of Gassendi and Memmo at, 521 and note;

the Venetian agents instructed to act with the French and English re closing of port of, lest the Venetians should be expelled, and the French and English remain at, 529, 530;

the Pasha begins pulling down warehouses at, 530;

the French Consulate at (“in Syria”) protects pirates and stolen goods, 532;

correspondence concerning the closing of, 534;

French protest against murder of French Consul at, 538;

moneys of Angelo Gradenigo at, to be paid to the English Consul for the Shah, 648;

the Venetian Consul ordered to remove from, with the French and English, to Tripoli, 688;

the Bailo tries to get up a joint French, English and Venetian fund to bribe the Turk to keep open, 753, 797, 827,

but the Grand Vizier declines, 847.

Alexandria, 112, 172;

Ward cruising in direction of, 193;

Venetian ships bound for, p. 122,

to proceed thither “per la muda,” 747;

English ship sails for, 774 (p. 415),

sees Ward's prizes, on way to, 888;

the Bey of Rhodes returns from, 933.

Algiers, Venetian complaint to Turk, of piracy by English and Turks in, 258;

the resort of pirates, English and Turk, 313;

failure of all Spanish attempts on, 326;

pirates return to, to sell spoil, 348;

petition of the Levant Company for the suppression of piracy at, 364 note;

English trade with, forbidden, 367;

English corsair at, fitting out ships, artillery given him by “the king of that country,” 369;

Sir Anthony Sherley to command galleons against pirates at, 392;

pirate from, captures the son of the Viceroy of Sicily, 406;

“fleet of 30 sail, pirates,” from, 489;

Dantziger pardoned by Henry IV on condition of quitting, 574,

he takes refuge in, 628;

ships taken, with the Viceroy of Sicily's son, fitted out for piracy in, 631;

Dantziger “revolts against the Algerines,” kills Turks, &c., and quits, 687;

indigo imported from, to England, 719;

Turks and English take Spanish galleons off, 790;

friends of Dantziger arrested at, to be exchanged for Turks at Marseilles, 807;

Dantziger wishes to attack, under French flag, 916.

Alicolibech, Persian Ambassador to Germany, 495, 507,

to visit Rome, 517,

still at Prague, 531, 541, 545, 551,

lodging prepared for, in Rome, 584, 589,

received splendidly in Rome, 594,

by the Pope, 607, 608, 620.

Alidosi, Alidosio, the Chevalier, to be sent by the Grand Duke of Tuscany to England, 289,

and elsewhere, 296;

is arrested by the Inquisition, 296;

released from the prison of the Inquisition, to go to Rome to make his submission, will then resume his duties of Receiver of Foreigners, 787.

Alincourt, M. d'. See Neufville.

All Saints' Day, how observed, 109, 112, 700.

All Soul's Day, by the old calendar, 362.

Alum, duty on, raised, 379.

-, See also Trade.

Alvise, Barbarigo, 'Savio' at Venice, 316.

Alye, M. d', sent to condole on death of the Princess Mary, returns home, 160. See Vitry.

Ambassadors, Venetian usage in addresing, 305 note;

distinction between Agents or Ministers, 455;

presents to, 523, 532, 539, 548, 564, 593 note, 734, ibid. (p. 399), 906, 918, 936 (p. 504);

their right to read any sort of books, 536;

the Dutch, upon recognition of their “sovereignity,” entitled to appoint, 532, 555;

received “uncovered,” 875;

to accompany the King, to whom they were accredited, on a campaign, 891;

agree to address each other in the third person, 905;

accept knighthood, “subject to approval by their Masters.” 918 (p. 495), Cf. 362.

- See also Asylum.

Ambassadors, Ordinary (“Lieger”), Extraordinary, Agents, Nuncios, and Consuls:—

-, Danish, in England. See— Sinclair, Sir Andrew, Knight.

-, Dutch, in England. See— Barneveldt, from Rotterdam (Fishery Commissioner).

Berkes, Jehan.

Carron, Sir Noel de, Knight (Lieger, as Agent, and as Ambassador).

Jouchings, —, from Zealand.

Maldaree, Sir James, Knight.

Verins, — (Commercial).


-, Dutch, in France. See— Vandermyle, Cornelius.

-, Dutch, in Morocco. See— Hermansen.


-, Dutch, in Venice. See— Vandermyle, Cornelius.

-, English, in Aleppo. See— Pinder, Paul (Consul).

-, English, in Bavaria. See— Barclay, Jean de (Special Envoy).

-, English, in Denmark. See— Ayton, Robert (Special Envoy).

Murray, Sir James, Knight (Special Envoy).

-, English, in Flanders. See— Trumbull, William.

-, English, in France. See— Becher, William (Secretary).

Carew, Sir George, Knight (Lieger).

Edmondes, Sir Thomas, Knight (Lieger).

-, English, in Germany. See— Ayton, Robert (Special Envoy).

Barclay, Jean de (Special Envoy).

Gunderot, Sir Henry (Special Envoy).

-, English, in Holland. See— Spencer, Sir Richard, Knight (Commissioner).

Winwood, Sir Ralph, Knight (Commissioner and Lieger).

-, English, in Hungary. See— Barclay, Jean de (Special Envoy).

-, English, in Lorraine. See— Barclay, Jean de (Special Envoy).

-, English, in Poland. See— Murray, Sir James, Knight (Special Envoy).

-, English, in Savoy. See— Barclay, Jean de (Special Envoy).

-, English, in Saxony. See— Barclay, Jean de (Special Envoy).

-, English, in Spain. See— Cornwallis, Sir Charles, Knight (Lieger).

-, English, in Turkey. See— Glover, Sir Thomas, Knight (Lieger).

Lello, Henry (Lieger).

Meoli, Hieronimo (Secretary).

-, English, in Tuscany. See— Le Sieur, Stephen (Special Envoy).

-, English, in Venice. See— Monte, Gregorio (Secretary).

Wotton, Sir Henry, Knight (Lieger).

-, Flemish, in England. See Hoboken, Baron.

Giron, Don Fernando di.

-, Flemish, in Germany. See— Visconti, Ottavio.

-, Flemish, in Holland. See— Maas, Jacob, Councillor.

Richardot President.

Robiano, Treasurer.

Spinola, Marquis.

Verreiken, Audientiary.

-, French, in Aleppo. See— Gassendi, Honorato.

-, French, in England. See— Le Fevre de la Boderie, Antoine (Lieger and Ambassador Extraordinary).

Vertault, M. de (Secretary).

-, French, in Flanders. See— Bouteville, M. de (Special Envoy).

Bruslart, Mathieu, Sieur de Berny (Lieger).

Estrées, François d', Marquis de Cœuvre (Special Envoy).

Praslin, M. de (Special Envoy).

- French, in Germany. See— Boississe, M. de (Special Envoy to the “Union” and the “League”).

Bongars, Jacques (Special Envoy to the “Union” and the “Possessioners”).

-, French, in Holland. See— Jeannin, President.

-, French, in Rome. See— Savari, François de Sieur de Breves.

-, French, in Savoy. See— Bonne, François de. Due de Lesdiguières.

Bullion, Claude de.

-, French, in Spain. See— Cochefilet, André de, Comte de Vaucelas.

-, French, in Turkey. See— Goutaut, Jean de, Baron de Salagnac (Lieger).

Savari, François, Sieur de Breves (Lieger).

-, French, in Venice. See— Champigny, M. de (Lieger).

Canaye, Philippe de. Seigneur de Fresne.

- German, in England, &c. See— Badoero.

Bellin, Christian von.

Dohna, Christopher von.

Hutton, Daniel.

Lenk, Johann Baptist.

Lewis Frederick, of Wirtemberg.

Mansfeldt, Count.

Rossi, Abbe Bernardin (Imperial, in Venice).

Solms, the Counts Philip and Frederick.

-, Moorish, in Holland. See— Amon ben Bikeir.

-, Papal, in Ferrara. See— Spinola, Cardnial.

-, Papal, in Flanders. See— Bentivoglio, Monsignore Guido.

-, Papal, in France. See— Rivarolla, Domenico (Nuncio Extraordinary).

Ubaldini, Roberto (Nuncio in ordinary).

-, Papal, in Spain. See— Vulpiano (Nuncio Extraordinary).

-, Papal, in Venice. See— “Nuncio, the.”


-, Persian, in Europe. See— Alicolibech.


Seffer, Hoggia.

Sherley, Robert.

-, Savoyard, in France. See— Jacob, M. de.

Trolliouz, M. de.

-, Savoyard, in Venice. See— Manta, Abbé della.

-, Saxon, in England and France. See— Mansfeldt, Count.

-, Spanish, in England. See— Giron, Don Fernando di (Ambassador-Extraordinary).

Velasco, Don Alonso di (Lieger).

Zuniga, Pedro de (Lieger).

-, Spanish, in Flanders. See— Guadelaste, Marquis of.

Neyen, John, Franciscan.

Ybarra, Don Diego d'.

-, Spanish, in France. See— Cardenas, Don Inigo de (Lieger).

Toledo, Don Pedro di (Ambassador-Extraordinary).

-, Spanish, in Rome. See— Aituna, Marchese de (Lieger).

Castro, Don Francesco de (Lieger).

-, Spanish in Savoy. See— Verva, Count of.

Vives, Don Juan.

-, Spanish, in Switzerland. See— Casati, Alfonso (Lieger).

-, Spanish, in Venice. See— Cardines, Don Inigo (Lieger).

Castro, Francesco de.

-, Turkish, in England. See— Ibrahim.


-, Turkish, in the Morea. See— Amurat Rais (Sanjak).

-, Turkish, in Germany. See— Achmet.

-, Tuscan, in England. See— Alidosi, the Chevalier.

Corsi, Bardo.

Malaspina, Marchese.

Salviati, Vincenzo.

- Tuscan, in France. See— Botti, Marchese.

Guidi, Cavaliere.

-, Tuscan, in Spain. See— Botti, Marchese.

-, Venetian, at Alexandretta and Aleppo. See— Sagredo (Consul).

-, Venetian, in Crete. See— Capello, Girolamo (“Proveditore,” Governor General).

Sagredo, Nicolò (Governor General).

-, Venetian, in England. See— Correr, Marc' Antonio (Lieger).

Duodo, Piero.

Giustinian, Zorzi (Lieger).

Contarini, Francesco (Ambassador-Extraordinary).

Surian, Christopher (Secretary).

Vico, Pietro (Secretary).

- Venetian, in Florence. See— Lio, Robert (Resident).

Vendramin, Giacomo (Resident).

-, Venetian, in France. See— Foscarini, Antonio (Lieger).

Giustinian, Zorzi (Ambassador-Extraordinary).

Priuli, Piero (Lieger).

-, Venetian, in Germany. See— Cavalli, Marin (Lieger).

Priuli, Francesco (Lieger).

Soranza, Francesco (Lieger).

-, Venetian, in Holland. See— Contarini, Tomaso (Ambassador-Extraordinary).

-, Venetian, in Lepanto. See— Biffii, Gian Domenico (Consul).

-, Venetian, in Lorraine. See— Morosini.

-, Venetian, in Milan. See— Marchesini, Gian Francesco (Resident).

Pauluzzi, Antonio (Resident).

Scaramelli, Girolamo Carlo (Resident).

-, Venetian, in Rome. See— Contarini, Francesco (Lieger).

Mocenigo, Giovanni (Lieger).

-, Venetian, in Savoy. See— Badoer, Gregorio (Resident in Turin).

Barbarigo, Gregorio (Ambassador).

-, Venetian, in Spain. See— Priuli, Francesco (Lieger).

Priuli, Piero (Lieger).

Soranzo, Girolamo (Lieger).

-, Venetian, in Turkey (the Bailo). See— Bon, Ottaviano.

Contarini, Simon.

-, Venetian, in Zante. See— Correr, Geronimo (Governor).

Michiel, Maffio (Governor).

Priuli, Michiel (Governor).

Amber, presents of, made by Moorish Ambassador, 685.

America, “the New World,” Jesuit activity in, alluded to, 15.

“Amethyst”. See Ships.

Amon ben Bikeir, the Alcade, Ambassador from Morocco to the Dutch, 685, 713.

Amsterdam, fear in, that trade may return to Antwerp on conclusion of truce, 391;

ship building at, 391;

purchase of salt petre by, 398;

trade returns to Antwerp from, 497;

the Truce proclaimed in;

dislike in to the Truce, 503;

ship from, bound for Venice, taken by pirates, 575;

ships sent from, to Barbary, against pirates, and to open trade with Turk, 575;

trade of, injured by reduction of duties on goods in transit to Antwerp, 685;

injury to, by floods, 785;

Ambassador from, to England, on the fishery question, 838, 857 (p. 464), 894;

Utrecht solicits, to join in rebellion, 858.

-, despatches, &c., dated at, 390, 391.

Amurat, the Genoese, 268.

- Rais, Sanjack of the Morea, burns Venetian ship, 512;

“Morat Rais” dies at Cyprus, buried at Rhodes, the Turks lament “the loss of so famous a soldier,” 704.

- See also Murat.

Anagram, 774 note.

Anchorage Tax, in Venice, application by Sir Henry Wotton for freedom of English shipping from, 49;

extract from Minutes of Senate touching;

Sir Henry to be informed that tax is removed, subject to equally favourable treatment for Venetian vessels in England, as in France and Spain, 72;

Sir Henry Wotton's thanks for its removal, 77;

further difficulty touching, Sir Henry Wotton's complaint to Senate, 87;

text of decree of Senate touching, dues paid by foreigners remitted, dues paid by Venetians retained, 88;

reciprocal benefit, for its abolition, to be sought in England, 92;

King informed of its remission, 112, 113;

mentioned, 135.

Ancona, Alessandro Parasio, of, 83;

report on the Chevalier Pagliarini of, p. 123.

Andrews, Lancelot, Bishop of Chichester, afterwards of Ely, his “Tortura Torti” issued, 363 and note, 373;

attacks the Puritans in the King's presence, 376;

his reply to Bellarmin mentioned, 527;

to reply to Bellarmin's book, 786 (Cf. 728, p. 395).

Angel, Gilbert, of Peraza, master of the “Benediction,” of Plymouth, 418.

Angoulême, Duchesse d'. See Montmorenci, Diane.

Anhalt, Hainault, Prince of. See Christian.

Anjou, Duchy of, offered to the Prince of Condé, 863.

-, Duke of. See Francis;


Anne of Denmark, Queen of England, wife of King James I:—

(1607), takes possession of Theobalds, ceded to her by Lord Salisbury, 2.

presents jewels to the Prince de Joinville, 8.

her devotion to her eldest son, the Prince of Wales, 18.

compliments by, to the Doge and Senate, 30.

report of conversation with, on the politics of the Netherlands, 31.

at Hampton Court;

her daughter's illness, 74.

in London, leaves to join King at Theobalds, 109.

in London, to keep All Saints Day, 112.

dines in public, on the anniversary of the Gunpowder Plot, 117.

prepares a magnificent Masque, 131,

at her own charges, 135.

(1608), “giving it great attention,” 146;

quarrels of Ambassadors for invitations to it, 149;

her appearance at, laden with jewels, 154.

overtures to, for a match between her son, and daughter of Spain, 146.

entertains the Venetian Ambassador to breakfast, 155.

presents made to her Ladies-in-Waiting to secure invitation, by Ambassador, 176.

awaits King at Theobalds, 198;

attends the Accession celebrations, 216.

approves match between her daughter and the Prince of Savoy, 237.

attends banquet at Lord Salisbury's house, 248.

to stand god-mother to the Duke of Anjou;

question of her precedence, 254, 255;

to be represented by the Countess of Conti, 263; 264, 285, 288, 293.

grant to, from new Customs' revenue;

“puts her household in order,” 275.

at her “private palace” in London, 278, 285.

her complaints of Henry IV;

his reply, 282.

letter of credence to, for Marc' Antonio Correr, 298.

god-mother to the Earl of Arundel's son, 340.

arrives in London from Hampton Court, 360.

Venetian Ambassador takes leave of, at special interview, 367, 372.

her advocacy of President Elphinstone, 373, 503.

(1609), civil reception by, of M. de Soubise, 400.

prepares a “Masque of Ladies,” manœuvres of the Ambassadors for invitations to it, 404, 413, 420, 439, 443, 446, 468 (p. 253).

her favourite Lady-in-Waiting, Lady Bedford, 407.

expression of her goodwill to Venice, 426.

the King refuses petition to, by the Marchioness of Huntly, in her name, 466.

petitions the King for Lord Balmerinoch;

is refused, 466.

views unfavourable to the orthodoxy of Venice expressed in her apartments on the Vangadizza question, 477,

by the King himself, 483.

Lord Salisbury presents, with a “plaque of the Annunciation.” 497.

her anxiety at the King's non-return from hunting, 511.

caresses the Prince of Wales, to secure her jointure “in case of accidents,” 511.

her present to Ambassador Giustinian, 523.

takes the Venetian Ambassador to see the bear and bull baiting at Greenwich, 535.

gives copy of the King's book to the French Ambassador, 536.

to accompany the King on progress, 548, 564, 575.

postpones the Dutch Ambassador to receive the Venetian;

laments she had never seen the Doge, 564.

at Basing;

receives the Secretary of Ambassador Correr, 588.

goes to Hampton Court, 599.

her cousin, the Count of Oldenburg, in London, 599.

Francesco Contarini to present his credentials to, 643,

his credentials to, 654.

hopes that the Elector of Brandenburg may succeed in Cleves, as the brother-in-law of her brother and a “great Prince”;

her wish that her daughter could have married his grand-nephew;

opposed to M. de la Boderie's mission to arrange a marriage, 678, 719.

her groom of the robes dies of plague, 678,

at Hampton Court, 685;

two pastry-cooks die of plague in her Household, 714.

present at the reception of the Ambassador from her brother-in-law, the Duke of Saxony, 714;

he awaits his dismissal by, 727,

she presents with diamond ring, 734.

goes to Greenwich, 727,

returns to London, 744.

book issued in Paris with scandals about, 734.

(1610), gives Ambassador Correr's son a diamond brooch for his hat, 763.

present at her son's tourney, 774.

at Greenwich, Ambassador Contarini's arrival announced to, 777.

“the King will always have somebody about him to give him advice not altogether foreign to the interests of the King of Spain,” 778.

her reception, with the King, of the Ambassador-Extraordinary of Venice, 792, 801 (p. 432).

the Saxon Ambassador appeals to, in the name of the Duchess, her sister, 803;

“does not mix willingly in politics,” ibid.

complimentary letter from, to the Doge, 804.

“thanks to the Queen,” there is a much closer understanding between England and Spain, than between France and England;

she intends the Prince of Wales to be sent to Spain, and to marry the Infanta, 811.

affected by the “wild weather,” 826,

at Greenwich for her health, 858,

in retreat at Greenwich, extremely fond of the air of the place, 897.

“her sister's nephew,” the Prince of Brunswick, in England, 838.

her compliment to Ambassador Giustinian, 897.

the Venetian Ambassador ordered to wait on, at Greenwich, 930;

in deep mourning, expresses her regret for King Henry, 936.

dismisses a Bed-chamber woman for carrying a stiletto, 936, 945 (p. 509).

“has given great signs of benevolence” to the retiring Spanish Ambassador, 936.

her allusion to de Caron as “Ambassador,” 945.

-, letter from, 804.

Anspach, Margrave of. See Joachim Ernest.

Anthon, Gunther, Count of Oldenburg, the Queen's cousin, in England, 599 and note,

to be received by the King, 617,

hunts and dines with him;

goes home, 650.

Antwerp, communication between, and England, stopped by bad weather, 109;

money transmitted from, to England, 234;

merchants of, fined for speculating in the Dutch India navigation, 272;

Marquis Spinola at, 342;

the Truce negotiations to be conducted at, 367, 373, 413, 426;

Venetian Ambassador returns home viâ. 377;

trade of, may return to, from Amsterdam, on conclusion of truce, 391;

claim of Middleburg that goods for, shall be forwarded by their ships, 398;

garrison of the Castle of, on the point of mutiny, for lack of pay, 430;

the Truce Commissioners assemble at, 437, 439, 457, 463;

question of the transit of goods to, 466;

the Truce to be ratified and published at, 467;

claim by the Archduke that goods in transit to, through Dutch territory, shall not be unladed;

the Dutch Commissioners arrive at;

joy of the populace, 470;

question of the transit of goods to, still open, 477,

compromised, 483;

the Truce published at, 483;

imports and exports for, by sea, to pay 3 per cent. duty, 496;

English Ambassador leaves, for the Hague, 496;

trade of, bound to increase, after the Truce, at the expense of Amsterdam;

duties on goods in transit to, designed to balance the loss, 497;

increase of trade of, at the expense of Gelderland, 513;

merchants of, to pay caution money to Zealand, till the duties on imports to are settled, 525;

English Courier murdered near, 525;

Flemish Commissioners at the Hague to arrange about trade of, 548,

the States General to meet to consider, 580,

the question affected by the growing trade of Dunquerque, 600,

to be settled by a conference at the Hague, 617;

the “ancient duty” on goods entering, will content the Zealanders, provided other ports in Flanders are closed, 641;

proposal to reduce garrison in, 650;

“the ordinary Antwerp post,” from Venice, 651, 821 (p. 445);

mutiny in the Castle of, 665;

question of goods in transit to, settled by a reduction of duties, 685,

the tariff not yet fixed by the Archdukes, 700;

the Treasurer of, at the Hague, to propose a peace, and to press for “free transit” to, 744;

proposal to settle the question of goods in transit to, on the basis of a permanent peace, 752;

the Flemish desire the intervention, to settle the question of goods in transit to, of Kings Henry and James, 752, 763;

Contarini leaves, for Cologne, 850.

-, despatch dated at. 836.

Apes, brought to Italy, 556.

Apology for the Oath of Allegiance, “Apologia super juramento fidelitatis,” p. xxiii;

King James preparing it, 131, 168;

presents it to the Venetian Ambassador, 177;

awaits reply to, from Rome, 203;

allusion to reply to, 304;

reply to, by Cardinal Bellarmin reaches the King;

he prepares to respond, 340 and note;

he finds himself accused in reply to, of overtures to Pope Clement, prohibits its sale, and applies himself personally to preparing his reply, 354, 360, 363 and note, 373;

the reply ready to appear, its probable effect on the Pope;

King James acknowledges the authorship of, 420,

and reissues, with the “Premonition,” 484;

title page and dedication, 484A.;

King James' account of, in letter to the Doge and Senate, 562. See further under “Premonition.”

Arabella, the Lady. See Stuart.

Arabs, cargo of vessel wrecked off Aere plundered by, 497.

Aragon, affair on frontier of, 628.

Aranjuez, Robert Sherley at, 790.

Archdukes, The. See Austria, Albert, Archduke of, and Isabella.

Archipelago, The, grain sent from, to Zante, 257, 434, 464;

pirate bertons in, 514, 515.

Archpriest, The, of England. See Birkett, George;

Blackwell, George.

-, -, of Scotland. See Hamilton.

“Arden”, Lord. See Argyll, Earl of.

Arena, Signor Neri dell', a Florentine, raises horse for the Archduke Leopold. 813.

Argyll, Earl of, “Lord Arden.” See Campbell.

Armenian Agent of the Shah, 769, 773;

Armenian merchants, 921.

Arras. See Artois.

Arrigoni Pompeo, Cardinal, opposes the reception of King James' book at Venice, 565.

Arsenal, the, in Paris, 783, 866.

Arthur. See Sheers.

Artois, supposed French design on, 791;

the Archduke Albert fortifying (Arras), 875.

Arundel, Earl of. See Howard, Thomas.

Ascoli, Cardinal d'. See Berneri.

-, Prince of, at Milan, 844, 851.

Ashley, Sir Anthony, Knight. Secretary to the Council of State, quarrels with Lord Pembroke, is suspended. 650.

Aspers. See Money.

Assassinamento, definition, 842 and note.

Asti, Count Fuentes moves to attack, 800,

troops thrown into by the Duke of Savoy, 826.

Asylum, Right of in Embassies, question raised by Spanish Ambassador in Venice, 315, 316;

English respect for, in the case of the Spanish Embassy, 335, 340;

the trouble caused by the action of the English Ambassador at Madrid, 349;

exercised by the Spanish Ambassador in Paris, 358, 365;

Sir Henry Wotton's views on, 592 (p. 323), 617 (p. 340);

English respect for, 636;

Ambassador Correr willing to forego, 659.

Audientiary, Grand. See Verreiken.

Augsburg, letter from Ambassador Giustinian dated at, 421.

Augustus, Count Palatine [of Sultzbach], “third brother of the pretender to the State of Cleves,” expected in England, 600,

to treat about Cleves, 617,

arrives, after journey through Spain and France, received by King James, 641;

hunts and dines with him, and takes leave, on return to Germany, 650;

the Venetian Ambassador exchanges courtesies with, 658.

Aumale, Abbè d', sent from Rome on mission to the Prince of Condé at Milan, 876,

his report, 902.

Aumâle, Duke of. See Lorraine, Charles de.

Austria, Albert, Archduke of, Governor of Flanders:—

(1607), complaints in Spain against truce negotiated by, with Dutch, 1.

anxious to conclude peace;

will grant liberty of conscience to win back his subjects serving with the Dutch, ibid.

his negotiations with the Dutch directed to securing his own independence of Spain, 4.

English interest in negotiation of truce between, and Dutch, 8.

truce between, and Dutch, extended to the sea;

to apply to merchantmen only, 10.

his eagerness for peace, 10.

Dutch desire for peace with;

French efforts to counteract, 17.

remonstrates against the appointment of Don Diego d' Ybarra as Spanish Agent in Netherlands, 19, 34.

grave differences between, and King of Spain;

his recognition of Dutch independence deprecated by the Spanish Ambassador in England;

Queen of England's comments on position thus produced, 31.

truce concluded by, with Dutch, ratified by Spain;

hopes to secure acceptance of peace, 34.

required to draft a fresh “ratification,” upon Dutch objection to form of original document, 43.

his Ambassador in England notified, by King's orders, of drift of Dutch negotiations, 43.

sends to Spain for correctly worded ratification, 52.

expects John Neyen to arrive, with revised ratification, 71.

his chief minister, President Richardot, sent to Holland, 102,

Spanish attack on President's “loyalty,” 112.

Spanish reply to English complaint of his harbouring the Earl of Tyrone, 120.

his Ambassador in England defends his reception of the Earl on religious grounds, 121.

his Commissioners at Peace Conference to be all Flemings, 121.

deaf to remonstrances of the English Ambassador as to his reception of the Earl of Tyrone, 127;

but representations made by King James to his Envoy in England, influence him to dismiss the Earl;

the Earl leaves;

he recalls him, 131.

violation of his territory by the Dutch, 134.

present made by, to the Earl of Tyrone, 136.

(1608), question of the precedence in England of his Ambassador over the representative of Venice, 149, 176.

gives the Earl of Tyrone fixed time to leave Flanders, 160.

requests the “intervention” of the English and French Commissioners to the Peace Conference, 161.

demand addressed to, in writing, by the Dutch, for settlement of point of their “independence,” under threat of withdrawal from conference, 161.

Flemings object to the appointment of Marquis Spinola as his chief representative at the Peace Congress, 161.

his efforts to allay English suspicion;

sharp speech to his Envoy by Cecil, re the Earl of Tyrone, 168.

names of his Commissioners to the Peace Congress, 168.

instructed to minimize action fought between Spanish galleys and Dutch, 184.

the Earl of Tyrone leaves territory of, for Liége;

his intention thus to conciliate King James, 186;

supplies the Earl with money, 213.

his Ambassador in England reports good progress made by the Peace Congress, and that the point of Religion will be referred to French arbitration, 216.

copy of terms of peace between, and Dutch, handed by Sir Henry Wotton to the Doge, 232.

renews military preparations, 244.

negotiations with, to prevent the Irish Regiment coming over from Flanders;

his irritation;

the correctness of English action re the peace explained to, by English Ministers, 263, 285.

fines merchants of Antwerp for speculating in Dutch India navigation, 272.

complaint by, of Anglo-Dutch treaty, 295, 300.

Spanish reply to Dutch demands sent to, 314.

pledges Spain to a seven years' truce with the Dutch, mediated by the Commissioners of France, England and Germany, 330.

the Provinces under, would demand concession by Spain of “sovereignty,” if allowed to the Dutch, 334 (p. 176);

Dutch insist on it, 340.

Dutch demand reciprocal freedom of worship in territories of, 340.

sends gentleman viâ England to Spain, 346.

his instructions to Richardot found, left behind, at the Hague, insinuating possible union of Holland and Flanders, and recommending reliance on France rather than on England, 346 and note, 400.

desire in Spain to make appointment agreeable to, of general to oppose tho Dutch, 356.

section of the Council in Spain desire to remove, from Flanders, with wife, to Portugal, 356;

they request Portugal in exchange, 415.

the French and English Commissioners assure Dutch that Neyen will return with confirmation of promises made by, 376.

receives the Venetian Ambassador in audience, at the same time as, but separately, and after, his wife, 377.

his confessor, Inigo Brizuela, dispatched to Spain, 378, 386.

Don Ferdinando Giron sent to, from Spain, with orders to suspend negotiations with Dutch;

Giron to be sent on special mission to England, in name of the Archdukes and Spain, to thank King James, and to secure his intervention, as offered, with Dutch for a truce, without recognition by Spain of their “sovreignty”;

notifies Dutch accordingly that truce, as proposed by Powers, is unacceptable, but sends his confessor to Spain to secure its acceptance, 378, 379, 384, 386, 387, 389, 393, 396, 398, 400, 404, 406, 409.

his garrison at Rheinberg cut to pieces, 378, 379, 381 (p. 200), 386.

(1609), the precedence of his Ambassadors in England and elsewhere, 404, 413, 439, 443, 455, 460, 468 (p. 253), 470.

fear in Spain that he is already committed to the Dutch, 406.

Brizuela publishes that he had it from, in confession, that if Spain would not consent, he would conclude the truce himself, 409.

gives his word to the Dutch that he will produce authority to conclude truce, on proposed terms, under King Philip's hand, 413.

genuine desire of, for truce, 430.

money reaches, from Spain, for pay of garrisons, 430.

receives authority from Spain to conclude truce, 437.

courier sent to, by French and English Truce Commissioners;

still awaiting news from Spain, 439.

Brizuela brings authority for him to treat in his own and the king's name, 446.

his claim to precedence as representative of the Counts of Burgundy, 455.

desires the truce to be published in Antwerp, 463.

truce with, accepted by the Dutch;

the Prince of Orange restored to estates within territory of, 467.

warned by France not to interfere with the Duchy of Cleves, 473, 483.

ratifies the truce;

will obtain the King's signature in three months or join the Dutch to compel its observance, 485.

sends Brizuela to Spain for money to pay troops, 503;

he returns with money and the ratification, 548.

amount of standing army to be kept by, 511.

his Ambassador in England retires, 511, 513.

compounds with troops on payment of a third of their arrears, 513.

extremely “hard up”;

grant made to, by the Provinces of Flanders, to pay off “Germans,” 525;

little hope of money from Spain, 539.

threatens to open port at Bruges, unless the Dutch make reasonable charge on imports to Antwerp, 525,

growing trade of Dunkirk affects the question, 600.

opposes dispatch of Dutch ships to Morocco, 532.

presents gold plate to French and English Ambassadors at Brussels and the Hague, 532, 548.

his secretary in England predicts his refusal to accept King James's “Premonition,” 539.

retires to Bens, 539,

to Marimont, 700 and note.

the Dutch to appoint an “Ambassador” to, 555,

not yet named, 564.

declines to receive the “Premonition;”

having “once been a personage in the Church,” 564.

suspicious of troops retained by the Dutch;

Dutch dislike of his Spanish garrisons, 564, 600.

forwards the ratification to the Hague, 575.

his German troops in garrison at Guelders, &c., mutiny, seize General, expel Scots from Oldenzell, 575,

surrender, 580.

prevented by France and the Dutch from interfering in Cleves, 580.

priest concerned in “Pruritanus” sheltered by his Ambassador in England, 592 (p. 323). Cf. 576.

his suspicion of the Dutch, for not disbanding their troops, but concentrating them on the Cleves' frontier;

will send Ambassadors to France and England, 593.

his anxiety on the Cleves question;

sends President Richardot to France;

supplies the Archduke Leopold with all things needful, 600;

Richardot's return, 617.

deputies of, and the Dutch, to meet at the Hague, to settle tolls on goods for Antwerp and on the Rhine, 616 (p. 337), 617,

death of Richardot delays the Congress, 641;

dispute as to titles of, 658,

a tariff agreed to, 685,

not yet fixed by, 700.

joins the Dutch in sending vessels to the East Indies to notify the truce, 617, 641.

refuses to accept the proposal of the Zealanders that, on condition of his closing other ports in Flanders, the “ancient duty” only shall be levied on goods for Antwerp, 641.

reducing his garrisons;

troops disbanded by, engaged by the Dutch, 650.

anger of the Dutch at the assumption by “the Archdukes” of the titles of “Counts of Holland and Zealand,” 658.

when at the chase one of his guard killed by a harquebus, 665.

secures a MS. treatise on engineering, 667.

informed by France that any movement to assist the Archduke Leopold will be considered as a casus belli, 693,

meets him at Marimont, 714 and note;

result of interview reported to Spain, 717.

proposes to excavate Dunkirk harbour, and to draw trade thither, if the Zealanders insist on dues on goods in transit, 700.

Henry IV reqests, to hand over the Prince of Condé to him, 725 and note.

decrees issued by, for the expulsion of mutinous troops and officers, 728,

other military regulations by, cause discontent, 778,

under orders from Spain, 779,

their bad effect, 785.

stops a duel between gentlemen of the Court, 727.

proposals by, to the Dutch, for a peace, 744.

(1610), his Ambassador complains of Henry IV's threat to use force to take the Prince of Condé “wherever he might be”;

the King replies that, if 50,000 are not enough, he will march with 100,000 foot, to recover the Prince;

the Ambassador undertakes to find him, 750.

to send an Ambassador to England to ask for King James's intervention in the question of goods in transit to Antwerp;

the solution to be sought by a permanent peace, 752;

“the Flemish Commissioners wish to submit the question of the transit to Antwerp to the two Kings” (France and England), 763.

receives the Prince of Condé with great honour, 752.

failure of his efforts to reconcile the Prince and Henry IV, 763;

the King informs, that if he gives any kind of help to the Prince, it will be taken as an unfriendly act, 783, 785.

Henry IV proposes to urge the Dutch to attack, 783.

“for three nights in a state of coma,” 785.

importance of Cleves, as lying between his territories and the Dutch, 793.

“desires peace above everything”;

privy to plot to abduct the Princess of Condé Spanish distrust of, 798.

refuses to keep the Prince of Condé, 808;

is threatened by the French Envoy, 813.

Saxon Ambassador coming to, from England, 813.

connives at the escape from Brussels of the Prince of Condé, ordered from Spain to find him an escort, 819.

sends Ambassador to Germany, 821,

to meeting of Princes at Prague, 830.

gives assistance to the Archduke Leopold, 822.

“grown chary of granting leave to the troops,” on account of the movements of Dutch troops on the frontier, 826.

receives Francesco Contarini, 836.

raising troops;

deplores a fresh war;

the Marquis Spinola will dispute the passage of French troops through territory of, 852;

fortifies Artois;

Dutch suspicions, 875.

reported to have handed over Rheinberg, on the Rhine, to the Imperial Commissioners, to hinder Dutch access to Cleves, 875 (p. 464);

a “mere suspicion,” 858.

applies to Spain for funds to oppose the French, 875.

unwilling to employ Venetians, 880.

his Ambassador declines to attend the Queen's Coronation in Paris, on understanding the place assigned him;

a triumph for Venice, 891.

said to have furnished the forces “which succoured Bredenberg,” 894.

no talk of sending an Ambassador from, to England, 894.

grants passage through his territory for Swiss troops marching from France to Cleves, 897 and note, 905, 929, 930.

dares not put his troops, under Spinola, in the field, for fear of mutiny, for arrears of pay, 897 note.

reported to have sent his cavalry to Liége to support the Archduke Leopold's Walloons;

orders general muster at Luxembourg, 897.

overlooks Dutch breach of the truce, 906.

memorials to, in favour of a separation between the Prince and Princess of Condé, 914.

the precedence of his Ambassador in Paris disputed by the Ambassador of the States, 928.

nature of the submission required from, by King Henry IV, 929.

his allowing the passage of French troops through his territory taken as proof that Spain will not intervene in the affair of Cleves, 930.

suspected of a design to add Cleves to Flanders;

increases his forces;

the Archduke Leopold stays with, 937.

repeatedly declares he will not meddle in Cleves;

fear less Spinola may act independently of, as a Spaniard, 947.

the Archduke Leopold goes to Prague to concert measures with, and the Emperor, 955.

the Prince of Condé waits on him at Marimont, 958.

Austria, Charles, Archduke of, Margrave of Borgau, refers his claims to the Cleves succession to the Emperor's decision, 580.

-, House of, jealousy of France and England towards, 600;

the object of the Austrian attempt to put Leopold in possession of Cleves, is to secure the Empire for, 692;

the “progress of,” especially nearer England, displeasing to King James, 714, 778;

a confederation forming of France, England, Denmark, the Dutch and German Protestant Princes “directed against Spain and the House of Austria,” 832;

Henry IV replies to complaint of his honouring the Prince of Anhalt, a man “ill-affected towards the Emperor and the House of Austria,” that “the Empire and the House of Austria are no affair of his,” 852;

the Protestant Princes of Germany “wish to lower,” 870.

Austria, Leopold, Archduke of:—

(1609), arrives in Juliers;

the Archduke Albert disposed to support, checked by France, 580;

receives all he needs from Flanders, 600.

copy of his letter to the States General, 604,

and of their reply, 617.

Sir Ralph Winwood to visit, 617.

retires from Juliers, 641,

returns to it, from Cologne, with his family, fortifies it, 665.

his force growing, rejects Italians and Spanish;

Brandenburg and Neuburg “inclined to an accommodation” with, 678.

the object of the Austrian attempt to put, in possession of Cleves is to secure the Empire for, their own House, 692.

the Archduke Albert informed by France that armed assistance given to, will be a casus belli, 693;

meets, at Marimont, 714 and note;

result of interview reported to Spain, 717.

sends agent to the Pope, 746.

(1610), visited by the Prince of Condé, 752.

invites the Duke of Neuburg to conference on a suspension of arms;

the invitation declined, 782.

his troops save a convoy from the Brandenburg horse, 785.

poor opinion of service with, in Flanders;

without money or materials, 785.

“will not dream of resisting” the coalition, 794.

money consigned to, from Spain, 801 (p. 432);

assisted in every way by the League, but will be compelled to abandon Juliers, if the “Possessioners” do not quarrel between themselves, 803.

charges a Florentine to raise a company of horse, 813.

fortifying Juliers;

not quite well;

obtains plenty of volunteers, but considered so weak, that he will have to come to terms, 821.

receives support from the League, the Archduke Albert, the Emperor and Spain;

his strength superior to the “Possessioners,” 823, 894.

encounter at Bredeban between his troops and the “Possessioners',” 836,

500 of the Princes' cut to pieces, 838, 853, 856, 857, 880, 894.

troops being raised for in Liége;

Contarini meets none of his soldiers in Juliers, 850.

“is grown very strong”;

the Marquis de Bonnivet sent to reconnoitre his position, 866.

King James' promise of aid to the “Possessioners” made under the impression that the mere threat of it would induce, to retire, 875;

his weakness well known to the King, 894.

Venetians in his service, 880.

alleged support of, by Spain and the Pope, 894.

massacre, by the populace, of his Walloon troops at Liége. 897,

the remainder, besieged in Liége, come to terms with the inhabitants, 906.

“defeat of his troops by Dutch horse near Maestrich” (Cf. 897),

a violation of the truce, but the Archduke Albert's “desire for peace will prevent a rupture,” 906.

King Henry IV intended to compel the Archduke Albert to desist from aiding, 929.

his long stay in Flanders, coupled with the increase of the Archduke Albert's forces, excites suspicion, 937.

his whole force concentrated in Juliers, 937.

fear lest, independently of the Archduke Albert, the Marquis Spinola “may place himself at the service of,” “as a dependent” of Spain, 947.

goes to meeting of Princes at Prague, leaving Juliers in good defensive state, thanks to the Archduke Albert, 955.

Austria, Matthias, Archduke of. See Matthias.

-, Maximilian, Archduke of, 432;

Lord Roos going to, 468 (p. 253);

overtures by, to the Duke of Neuburg, 875,

from Innsbruck, 894.

Avila, Don Juan d', defeated by Dutch, 1 and note.

Avolos, Don Alfonso d', throws up Spanish commission, 785.

Ayton, Heton, Robert, to convey the “Premonition” to Germany and Denmark, 527 and note, 539.

Azevedo, Don Pedro Henriquez de, Count of Fuentes, Governor of Milan, to assist the Pope against Venice;

retains Neapolitan and Spanish troops, dismisses Germans, on conclusion of agreement between Pope and Venice;

Wotton's suspicions of his designs, 7;

portrait in his possession of the King of Spain, “with the globe between his legs,” 150;

his intrigue with M. d' Albigny, 170;

his reception of the Earl of Tyrone, 213, 214, 218, 227, 233, 235;

protest addressed to, by Sir Henry Wotton, 241;

receives Sir Anthony Sherley, 248;

complaint lodged by English Ambassador in Spain, against his reception of the Earl of Tyrone;

his 'well-known niggardliness mentioned, 273;

letters of credence to, for Marc' Antonio Correr, 298;

his supposed cognizance of a design for the conquest of England, 403;

the Secretary of the English Ambassador in Turkey a spy for, 453;

memorandum presented to, on behalf of Angelo Gradenigo, 624;

Francesco Contarini accredited to, 654;

“steadily refuses to raise troops” for the protection of Milan, 791;

moves to the attack of Asti, 800;

endeavours to hinder the French from raising Swiss, 820;

in letter to Spinola sets out the danger of his position, 820;

Pietro Priuli accredited to, 839;

his reception of the Prince of Condé, 844, 851, 861;

raises Swiss for the defence of Milan;

his preparations may be too late, 851;

informed by the Prince of Condé of the King's offer of pardon, 863;

“very ill-pleased” because “he cannot keep the Prince indoors as he would like to do,” 871;

his comments on the Duke of Savoy, 876;

intends to occupy Plante, in the Valtelline, 892;

refuses the Prince of Condé leave to go to Rome, 895;

credited with having procured the murder of King Henry IV, 916;

allows the Prince of Condé, on news of the King's murder, to send a gentleman to Spain, 932,

lets him depart to Flanders, gives him money, 939.