Index: E

Calendar of State Papers Relating To English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 11, 1607-1610. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1904.

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'Index: E', in Calendar of State Papers Relating To English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 11, 1607-1610, (London, 1904) pp. 566-575. British History Online [accessed 20 April 2024]


East Friesland, Count of. See Enno III.

East India Company, ship building by, 511 note, 778 and note;

great ship, with pepper, arrives for, 650;

entertain the King and Prince at banquet, 778.

Edinburgh Castle, escape from, 141 note.

Edmond. See Bury St. Edmonds.

Edmondes, Sir Thomas, knight, proposed as Ambassador for France, 466 note;

letter to, cited, 513 note;

appointed Ambassador to France, 894,

sent off in haste to his post, 930 and note,

arrives, 934,

not well received, a special Embassy, if possible, to be sent, 954;

reports that the Queen-Regent has abandoned design of sending troops by sea, 955;

ordered to press for the repayment of the French debt to England, ibid; calls on the Maréchal de Chastres, on the eve of his departure, to encourage, 959.

Edward, —, English merchant in Constantinople “a person of great prudence,” negotiates an Anglo-French agreement as to the consulage of the “Flemish,” 644.

Egerton, Sir Thomas, knight, Lord Ellesmere, Lord Chancellor of England, his declaration on the post nati, 444 and note.

El Arisch, in “Barbary,” piracy from, 268;

Spanish attempt on, fails, 326;

the Spanish have an “understanding with those in,” foiled by the Dutch;

Dutch proposals to Henry IV to possess himself of, 712.

Electoral titles, use of the word “Serene,” 846, 868,

or “Most Illustrious,” 907 (p. 489).

Electors, the Ecclesiastical, disposed to assist the Emperor in Cleves, 714;

anxiety in France and Holland at their League with Bavaria, 752,

Lord Salisbury's opinion, 793;

M. de Boissise sent to, to persuade that the question of religion is not involved, 813, 817;

the Protestant Princes of Germany forming organization against;

hopes of detaching the Duke of Saxony from, 821;

will not, according to Sir Henry Wotton, intervene in Cleves, to save their own territories being overrun by soldiery, 907.

See also League, the Catholic.

“Elephant”. See Ships.

“Elephant of Bristol”. See Ships.

Elizabeth, Queen of England, decay of Navy since her time, 108;

her conferment of titles on the Earls of Tyrone and Tyrconnel mentioned, 123;

her loans to Henry IV called in, 140;

outlawed the Earl of Tyrone, 235;

attack on, 304;

her declings with the currant tax, 379;

Virginia named after, 449;

heavy dues imposed by, 469 (p. 255);

libel on, appears, 536, 555, 564;

Lord Nottingham's allusion to, 575 note;

nature of libel on, 592;

Venetian relations with, 617 (p. 339);

Sir Francis Vere employed by, 650;

Dutch alliance with, 716;

debt incurred to, by France, to be applied in payment of English contingent in Cleves, 857;

“capitulations in Elizabeth's reign,” the “old capitulations between Elizabeth” and France, to be renewed, 857, 897;

glory reflected on, by the decay of the Navy since her time, 857;

discussions as to amount of French debt incurred to, 875;

puts price on the Earl of Tyrone's head, 917 (p. 493);

libels on, 930 (p. 501);

proposal to revive the penal legislation of her day against Roman Catholics, 937.

-, the Princess, daughter of King James:—

proposed match for, with the son of the Duke of Savoy, 215,

approved by her mother, 237;

supposed mission of the Duke of Mantua to arrange, 332.

Lady Harington, her governess 407, 513.

her match with Savoy mentioned by Ambassador Giron, 420.

the King desires her marriage with the son of the Duke of Wirtemberg;

with the Prince of Poland, 548.

the Venetian Ambassador waits on, 564,

at Kew, 617.

her mother's views on her marriage, 678.

returns to London, with the Duke of York, 700.

proposal for her marriage to the son of the Palatine of the Rhine, 785.

“held to be of rare beauty,” present at the reception of Ambassador Contarini, 792.

the Prince of Brunswicka possible suitor for, 856, 897.

receives Parliamentary grant, 856, 858.

Ellesmere, Lord. See Egerton.

Elphinstone, James, knight, Lord Balmerinoch, President of the Court of Session, formerly the King's Secretary, put on his trial for letters written in the King's name, 354, 360 and note;

in close confinement, 363;

sent to Scotland for trial;

the Queen's advocacy of, 373;

his trial begins, his confession, 463 and note;

the Queen's petition on his behalf refused, 466;

death sentence passed on, but not executed, 503, 527, 555;

profits of his Secretaryship granted to “Baron Carr,” 527;

left in possession of his property, his offices taken away, 575.

Ely, Bishop of. See Andrews, Lancelot.

Emden, negotiations of the Count of East Friesland to recover possession of, 31;

pirate from, at Tunis, 415 note;

revolution at, 666.

-, Count of. See Friesland, East, Count of.

Emmanuel, Don of Portugal, husband of Emilia de Nassau, 398.

- Philibert, Prince Filiberto, son of the Duke of Savoy, to be sent to Spain, 657.

“Emo”. See Ships.

Emperor, The. See Rudolf II.

Enclosures, agitation against, in Midlands, 8, 11, 14, 18, 189.

Engineers, Engineering, science of (military), unknown in England, 147;

experts in, to be sought in Flanders, 181;

English, in service of the States, 378;

Venetian desire to recruit, 506, 525, 539 (p. 291), 600;

the methods of expert, considered dilatory and costly, in Flanders;

book on, by a pupil of Count Bucquoy, 667;

“mechanical engineers” abolished in the Spanish army in Flanders, 779;

a Venetian engineer of distinction in the service of the Archduke Leopold, 880.


(1607), hope in, that Dutch naval victory will end truce between the Archduke and Dutch Republic, 1.

English subjects to be prohibited from enlisting with foreign powers;

the order provoked by the employment of English ships and men, against the Turk, by the Grand Duke of Tuscany, 2;

English pirates fly foreign flags, as privateers, 7.

letters of marque issued to English merchants who had suffered loss from the Spanish, 2;

question to be considered by the Privy Council, 18.

a Turkish Cavass on way to, 6,

leaves for, 39,

in, 43.

English officers seek service with Venice, 7.

Anglo-Venetian Convention diminishes piracy, 7.

anxiety in, as to safety of the Cautionary Towns from France;

to be reinforced, governor to reside, 8.

suspicions in, of Henry IV's relations to the Dutch, 8, 10.

rising in, in Northamptonshire and Leicestershire, against enclosures, 8 and note, 11;

suppressed with bloodshed, 14 and note;

an enquiry ordered, 18;

petition for redress in matter, 189.

pulpit references in, condemning peace between, and Spain, annoy the King, 10.

right of free navigation upheld in, by legal decision, re Dutch ship sequestrated by the Spanish Ambassador in an English port, 11.

burdensomeness of King's “progresses” in, 18, 52.

opposition in, to Union, 18.

enforcement in, of Oaths of Supremacy, 25.

pamphlet suppressed in, in response to Venetian representations, 27, 32.

Roman Catholics in, supported by Venetian Ambassador, 27, 32.

ship from, plunders Spanish ship in Spanish waters;

redress refused by the English Ambassador, as a case of privateering;

reprisals threatened, 28.

arrival in, of Dutch Special Mission, 31.

statement of English policy in in Netherlands, ibid.

dislike in, to peace between Dutch and Spain, but unwillingness to give Dutch armed support, 34.

popular outcry in, against Spain;

merchants advised by the Privy Council to withdraw capital from Spain, ibid.

desire in, to “maintain dependence” on, of Dutch, from jealousy of France, but disinclination to assist with troops, &c., 36.

Spanish Ministers inclined to assist the Dutch to redeem the “Cautionary Towns” from England, 40.

dispatch of Commissioners from, to Holland, affected by the Dutch refusal of the Spanish ratification of the truce;

to be sent, 43, 44,

delayed, 50, 52,


their instructions, 57.

desire in, to see strong Dutch Republic, independent of both France and Spain, 43.

arrival in, of Turkish Cavass;

he is entertained by the Company of Turkey Merchants;

his mission, to discuss piracy by English, and supply of powder and arms for the Turks, 43 45, 50.

expenses of the Crown in, in excess of the revenue, 45,

money to be raised, 52,

at expense of Fleet, 59.

English ship arrested by the Venetians, 45, 49, 50.

Moldavian Pretender visits, 50.

fleet to be 'repaired,' 52.

hopes in, that peace will not be concluded between Spain and Dutch, owing to French jealousy, 52.

English settlements in Virginia begun, 52.

ships and men procured from, by the Grand Duke of Tuscany, for attempt on Turkish territory;

jealousy of the Levant Company;

permission obtained by bribery of great persons at Court;

likely to embroil the English with the Turks, 53, 57.

uneasiness in, at preparation of great fleet by Spain, 57,

creates popular desire for strengthening fleet, 59,

an excuse for demanding war with Spain, 71.

good corn crop in, 59.

English Ambassador returns to, from Constantinople, via Crete, Zante, Corfu, and Venice, 65.

English merchants apply to the Venetian Ambassador in London to secure the restoration of the “Corsaletta”, 71.

English shipping relieved from the Anchorage Tax at Venice, in consideration of the like treatment of Venetian shipping in, as in France and Spain, 72, 88.

Venetians credited with desire to exclude, from trade in the Levant;

right of search of English ships by Venetians in Turkish waters, denied, 73, 78;

protest by King James, 106, 110, 111, 129, 174;

Henry Lello's denial, 177.

Anglo-Venetian currant trade 73 (pp. 38, 39).

sugar imported to, direct from Brazil, arrested in London, as contraband, ibid. (p. 39),

the Common Law Judges interfere, 456.

ill-will in, to Spain, 75.

Venetians well treated in, 77.

excitement in, at the flight of the Earls of Tyrone and Tyr-connel;

anger thereby excited against Spain, 78, 81,

naval and military preparations, 86, 93, 102, 108.

proposal to put ships in commission;

money not forthcoming;

subsidy collected with extra diligence, 81;

decay of navy, 108.

relations between Scotland and France, e.g. the Duke of York's Scottish Guard, a bar to the Union, 82.

Dutch offer, on promise of support by, to break off negotiations with Spain, 82.

Commissioners from, in Holland, act with the French, 86.

the pirate Ward negotiates for pardon to permit him to return to, 94, 106, 114.

loan advanced to Government, by the City of London, 102,

at ten per cent., 108,

repaid, 588;

the usual rate, ten per cent., 879.

satisfaction in, at the prorogation of Parliament, as a blow to the cause of the Union, 102.

custom of the country for “pulpit and theatre” to refer to current affairs, e.g. the attempt on life of Father Paul, 112.

Grand Duke of Tuscany's galleon takes Turkish goods, and Turks, out of English ship, sparing the ship;

Turks suspect connivance;

dread in, of Turkish reprisals, 112, 117;

English merchantman seized by, 200, 202, 206, 207,

English representations, 276 and note, 280, 289, 296, 360, 363, 426, 431, 457, 516, 537, 599, 695, 734, 833.

Papal Brief to Roman Catholics in, forbidding them to take the oath of allegiance, 117.

occupation by, of the Island of “Verino,” in the Indies, 119.

many rebels from, harboured in Flanders, 121.

the Turkish Ciaus leaves, disgusted, 122.

inclination in, to abandon the Levant trade, 122.

spread of the “Puritan sect.” in, 122.

work issued in against Jesuits, reprinted in Venice, 124.

anxiety in, as to the Pope's designs on Ireland increased by the flight of the Earl of Tyrone to Rome, 131.

penal laws likely to be enforced in, against Roman Catholics, 131.

Englishman purveys munitions of war for the Pope, 132.

Londoner accused of piracy, 133.

(1608), corruption of the Court of Admiralty in, 135;

interference of the Crown with the jurisdiction of the Court in Venetian case. 141,

arguments for and against before the Privy Council, 142, 174;

thanks of the Doge, 200.

strength of, lies in position and fleet;

profession of engineer almost unknown in, 147, 525.

ships of Navy of, to patrol the Levant in conjunction with Venetian, 150.

English students at Padua, 151, 153, 156, p. 93,

“English Nation” at, 210, 218, 812.

export from, of ships and maritime stores to Leghorn stopped, 155.

piracy at the expense of, in the Levant, may lead to toleration in, of like acts by own ships, 161.

ordinary revenue in, swallowed up by Irish preparations;

recourse to be had to loan, 168, 176, 190.

news reaches, of defensive alliance concluded between France and Dutch;

French subsidy to be applied to extinguishing the Dutch debt to England;

desire to make similar alliance with the Dutch, before the conclusion of peace between Holland and Spain, 175;

matter complicated by English claims for repayment of debt, pay due to English troops, and withdrawal of Dutch from fishery, 186;

a league supposed to have been concluded, 190, 198;

not concluded for fear of Spanish intervention in Ireland, in any case not to last for more than a year after violation of peace by Spain, 203;

reasons for the delay in concluding, 217;

Dutch decline time limit;

King promises to send his Commissioners powers to conclude for same term as French, 228.

the King raises a loan in, for a million, at ten per cent., the usual rate, giving bonds under the great seal;

money needed for Ireland, 176.

renewed suspicions in, of the Armada gathering in Spain, as destined for Ireland, 182.

by treaty with Spain, ships of, make voyage to East Indies at own risk;

protest by Spanish Ambassador, to influence the peace negotiations with Dutch, against Englishmen molesting Spanish trade there on “pretext of making discoveries,” 186.

Dutch fishery in English waters prohibited, 186, 511 and note.

proposal to arm all merchantmen, for defence and offence, agreeable to the buccaneering spirit in, excited by the report of Ward's wealth, 189, 198.

pamphlet suppressed in, by order of the Privy Council, at Spanish request, supporting Dutch claim to the India Navigation, 203;

jealousy in, of growing power and commerce of Holland, 204.

Confessor of the Nuns of Sant Agnese, Milan, “a prudent Englishman,” 213.

report current in, of fresh quarrel between the Pope and Venice, 215,

its foundation, 228.

threat to withdraw English trade from Leghorn, 216.

ships commissioned in, to stop Scottish “wood-kerns” going to the aid of the Irish, 228, 248.

loan being raised in, 228.

King assents to league between, and Dutch, for same term as French, 228;

all points in treaty settled;

Dutch debt to be repaid by instalments;

Cautionary Towns to be then handed back;

publication of peace deferred, 234, 239.

outcry in, against the sequestration of goods alleged to be taken out of the “Soderina”;

Privy Council revoke the order as “contrary to law,” in absence of Venetian vouchers of ownership;

leading merchants of London are affected by the order, “and that at a time when the raising of a loan is causing the King to pass through their hands,” 229;

the vouchers forwarded to, 259, 260,

but not in time, the sequestration removed;

final effort of the Ambassador for delay;

he begs the King, who had granted a “special bench,” to further suspend the order of the Privy Council, 266;

the sequestration removed to humour the merchants of London on the occasion of the increase of the Customs, 269;

recapitulation of case, 323, 364.

money sent to, from Antwerp, for Spanish Ambassador to buy up opposition in, to Peace, or for the purchase of ships, in spite of prohibition, 234.

Dutch ships arrive in, and English sail from, for the Indies;

the nation bent on following that trade, 234, 263 and note.

Roman Catholic monk, a Recusant, executed in, 237, 240.

Government in, regrets having allowed the negotiations between Spain and the Dutch for a truce to go so far;

convinced of the danger, afterwards, of Spanish intrigue in Ireland, 240;

regret increased by rebel successes, 248.

proposed revision of Naval Convention between, and Venice;

practice of seamen, as to lowering boats, “vailing,” &c., described, 241.

further particulars of peace between, and Dutch, 244.

rebellion against, in Ireland, successes of rebels, 248.

dislike in, to news of capture and execution of corsairs from, by the Venetians, 248;

interpretation of Treaty of London by Spain, adverse to claim of, to the India Navigation;

English ships sent out fully armed, 251.

grain shipped from, to Zante, 257.

dislike in, to the election of Scot to the Garter;

the election designed by King to shew the equality of Scots and English, 261.

proposal to revive question of the Union in next Parliament in, 261.

suspicion in, aroused by the mission of Don Pedro di Toledo to France, 269.

increase of Customs in, 269.

outrage by French soldiers in Turkish service on English Ambassador in Constantinople, 270, 281.

duties on imports to, doubled;

wealth of country so great, they are scarcely felt, 275.

scarcity of grain in;

imports from Dantzig;

protests in, against Royal Progresses, 275, 278.

death penalty for Roman Catholic priests in, 278.

silk manufactory introduced into, 291 and note.

English pirates in the Mediterranean;

an English pirate off Lisbon with fifteen sail, 313.

enthusiastic desire in, to support the Dutch in war with Spain, if only King James could so resolve, 319;

English ships join Dutch to meet the Spanish “flotta”;

if King would sanction, he would make, not spend money on the war, 332, 333, 345, 354 (p. 185).

piracy off the Isle of Wight and Portsmouth;

two men condemned;

resort of pirates to Baltimore;

they profess to spare English vessels, 319 and notes.

arrest by the Inquisition in Italy of the travelling tutors of young Englishmen, p. xxxiv, 320 and note.

customs' revision in, 323, 332.

wine imported to, from Crete, 323, 373, 443, 477.

reported sinking of Royal ship of, by pirates, 328.

“ceremony with which they close the chase”, King James observes, 332.

proposal to divert commence of, with Turkey, to Venice, 332.

sketch of foreign relations of, by Sir Henry Wotton, 334 (p. 176).

respect shewn in, to the inviolability of Embassy Houses, and of the Spanish in particular, 335.

disturbances in Scotland due to attempt to introduce the English Church form of worship, 340.

Government design to render the King independent of Parliament by the formation of a reserve fund, 345.

ship of Royal Navy outsailed by pirates, 363 note.

trade from, to pirate-infested ports in Barbary forbidden by Royal decree, 364, 367.

waters round, swarming with pirates;

connivance of the Admiralty officials suspected, 367, 386.

importation into, of contraband currants, from Zante, 367, 379, 412, 417, 418, 464,

Venetian annoyance, 380.

English corsair fitting out, with assistance of “the King of that country,” at Algiers, 369.

English pirate bertons infest waters of Gallipoli, 371.

King James stirs up the Bishops against the Puritans in, 376.

English troops in Netherlands anxious to enter Venetian service, in event of truce, 378.

history of the currant tax in;

decision of the Barons that the King could tax all exports and imports, 379.

English regiment, in the service of the Archduke, cut to pieces, Captain Stanley killed, 381 (p. 200), 386.

Englishman in Amsterdam advocating attempt to discover “the Northern route to the Indies,” 391.

Spanish expedition against English pirates at Algiers, 392.

arrival in, of ship from Syria with indigo and silk, 393.

(1609), strength of the Roman Catholic nobility in, 400.

supposed scheme between France and Spain for conquering, and conferring crown of, on the Grand Duke of Tuscany, 403, 423, 442.

Spanish bribery in, 404, 918 (p. 495).

Judges “in great controversy with the Bishops” in, “over a question of jurisdiction” (Prohibitions);

King supports latter, “a sign that he wishes to withdraw himself from the operation of the law,” 404, 536. 539, 575.

convictions in, for selling beer without licence;

right of the Privy Council in matter, challenged, as belonging only to Parliament;

King and Council afraid to enforce the people being “inclined to revolt,” 404.

great gale in, 413.

dogs from, sent to Constantinople, 416.

proclamation in, against pirates;

no ships to leave, armed, without deposit of caution money twice their value, &c., 426, 427;

Vice-Admiral John Rander to enforce;

Venetian bribe to him, 431, 477.

Venice advised to ally herself with, against Spain, 436, 488, 533.

question of the rights in, of the post nati, 444 and note.

proposal to reinforce the Turkish fleet from, 447.

ship being sent out from, to Virginia;

Lord Salisbury and other great persons interested in the venture, 449 and note;

the King's patronage for;

fears lest the Spanish may destroy, 466.

Plantation of Ulster from, 449 note, 457, 599.

export of tallow from, to Turkey, 454.

cock fighting in, 455.

Carnival kept in, 455, 457, 463.

usurped jurisdiction of the Privy Council in the matter of the “Soderina” upset by an action at the Common Law;

the King and Lord Salisbury alarmed, 456, 548.

Dutch sugar ship captured by English pirates, 457.

dislike of Roman Catholics in, due only to fear of Papal intrigue, 457.

great spread of Puritanism in, 457.

priests in hiding in;

one arrested, 463.

“ribald Italian” priests come to, pp. xviii, xix, 463.

English traders transfer their business from Zante to Patras, owing to Venetian regulations, 464.

Italian heretic takes refuge in, 465.

trade between, and Venice, declining;

few Italian merchants in;

the English themselves taking to trade, especially with the East Indies;

supplying spices even to the Portuguese, 466;

Italian merchants in, 633 (p. 353);

only one firm of Venetian merchants in London, 731.

diplomatic appointments in Venice, &c. to be made by, 466 and note.

noted pirate quits;

watch kept for him in Spain, 472.

English ships seized, by companion of Ward, near the Straits, 477.

Dutch debt to, to be repaid, and the Cautionary Towns recovered from, 485.

English legal decision shown to the Grand Vizier, by the Bailo, to induce him to grant justice in the case of goods stolen by pirates, 492.

ship arrives in, from Syria;

her rapid passage, 497, 525.

English berton captured by Ward;

crew released, 500.

export of horses and arms from, forbidden, 503.

Don Alonso di Velasco appointed Spanish Ambassador to, 508, 539, 780.

stag-hunting in;

horses ridden to death, 511.

gentleman sent to prison for failing to report the King's absence to Queen, after hunting, 511.

ship-building in, and preservation of forests, 511 and notes.

English ships plundered by Dantziger, crews spared, 511.

English in the service of the Archdukes disbanded, 513.

English crew of a Pirate berton kill the Turks on board, 514.

arrest, trial and release of an Englishman in Venice, 520.

English in the service of the Dutch re-engaged, 525,

disbanded, 539, “weeded,” 744.

recruiting in, for Sweden and Poland;

English in Russian service, 525.

English courier murdered near Antwerp, 525.

three ships from, taken by Ward and Danzicker;

excitement in London;

petition to the Council for protection;

ships will not venture out;

insurance rates prohibitive, 526;

no steps taken, 548.

English translation published in, of a History of Venice, 532 note.

French libel on, 536. SeePruritanus.”

English ship reported to have captured Dantziger, 537.

judges in, insult the Spanish Ambassador, refusing to hear case he was “protecting,” 539.

English pirate taken and executed by French boat from Havre, 539.

abuses in the Admiralty Court, 539.

English merchants sell munitions to pirates in Tunis 539.

horses imported to, for the Prince of Wales from Italy, 546 (p. 295).

the King's book not to be sent to Switzerland, as “this Crown has never written to that nation,” 548.

three men leave, to assassinate Henry IV with a poisoned shirt, 555, 564.

the Dutch appoint an “Ambassador” to, 555.

the Grand Marshal of Poland in, 555, 611.

skit issued in, on King James' book, 555 (Cf. 536),

called “Pruritanus,” a family in prison for selling, 564 and note,

copies found in the Venetian Ambassador's house, 576, 580,

burnt, 588;

said to have been written in, 605, 636.

claims of, in Spain, neglected;

Ambassador recalled, 569.

two small ships of, taken by pirates;

crews and ships released, 575.

chapels of the Venetian, and other Embassies, in, frequented by English Roman Catholics, 576, 636 (p. 353).

“the English are very subtle” at propagating heresies;

the Pope's opinion, 577.

deputation of three priests from, to the Pope, to prevent the Jesuits destroying “the slight remnants of the Catholic faith” in, 578.

books circulated in. from English College (Douai) in Flanders, 588, 592.

“no book is prohibited in,” “even if it touch on controversy with Rome,” 592.

Custom house officers in, seize the goods of the Count of Oldenburg, 599.

bad hay and corn harvest in;

prevailing dearth;

the money market loose, 599, 617.

many ships of, touch at Dunkirk, 600.

Lord Salisbury offers to assist in the selection of English officers for the Venetian service, 600.

ship from, with colonists for Virginia, captured by the Spanish;

the crew put in irons;

the money on board “stamped as Spanish coin, which alone is current in those parts,” 617.

suit of Zorzi Silvestri against Edward Facner. Englishman, 626, 627.

Sir Henry Wotton “extremely fiery and bold, as are all the Ultramontanes” the Pope's description of Englishmen, 632.

dispatches carried to, from Venice, in nine days, 635.

ship arrives in, with oil and currants smuggled from Zante, 641 (p. 358).

an Englishman has the patronage, from his ancestors, of the Church of St. Peter, in Constantinople, 645. See Draper.

release, by order of the Doge and Senate, of an Englishman, made a galley-slave, on suspicion of piracy, 649, 652.

“great ship” with pepper arrives in, for the East India Company, 650.

book publicly prohibited in, 651.

the Court and the Ministers scattered about the country to escape the fury of the plague, 657.

English ships introduce false coin into Spain, 663.

Lord Salisbury's proposal, to put “all the pepper in London up to auction”;

“the capital embarked is about 400,000 crowns,” “sold at half price it would realize 200,000,” thereafter “all that comes in” to be taxed, “without depriving anyone of his freedom of export,” 665;

the “plan of having the India pepper in the King's name” forces up the price, 678.

list of English officers in Flanders, 668.

Englishmen, confided in by the Moriscoes, betray them to Spain, 674.

Ambassador Correr reports that “it takes many years to learn this most difficult language,” 675.

cost of living in, double as much as in Italy, 675.

King James “uses all diligence to have” a man accused of piracy “in his hands,” arrested in Scotland, brought to London, and delivered to the Venetian Ambassador to try, or to send to be punished in Venice;

being a Scot the man cannot be tried in England, and if tried in Scotland would be acquitted, 678, 700, 719, 728, 743, 764, 794, 812, 837.

attention paid in, to Spanish affairs;

interest excited in by the expulsion of the Moriscoes, 685,

conveyed to Oran by English ships, 712.

English claims on Dantziger, after his pardon, 687;

he takes two English ships into Marseilles, 700.

English, in Constantinople, shun the Jesuits, 689.

order for “an English Baron passing through” Venice, to see the jewels, &c., 690.

the Levant Company's ships, with ships of the Royal Navy, to “go privateering” in the Levant, 700, 714;

to scare the Grand Duke, 73b;

report disbelieved, 752, 774;

the Turks disapprove, 860.

trade between, and Muscovy, ruined by the Polish wars, 700.

English ships searched, on suspicion of piracy, by Turkish authorities at Constantinople, for picking up freight in ports near, before returning, 705.

Sir Francis Verney, “an Englishman of very noble blood,” turns pirate, 714, 894.

“two prominent ladies about Court” become Roman Catholics, 714,

one being the Lady Arabella, 752; 856 (p. 462).

sentiment in, moved by death of Sir George Wharton in duel with a Scot, 719.

the Scots will not accept English law, or the Union, 719.

re-assertion by the Venetian Ambassador of the incompetence of a “particular judge” in, to decide any case in which the Republic is cited as a party, 726, 730.

nineteen pirates sentenced to death in, 728.

“foreign merchants are harassed by an ancient tithe” in, “on imported wine up to 40 tons per ship. All above is free”;

Lord Salisbury informs the Venetian Ambassador that “this attempt to reimpose the tax will not be permitted,” 731;

French merchants fined for importing wine, 734.

an Ambassador from, to Tuscany, appointed, in spite of objections by the Tuscan Agent;

“this appointment was to be expected, for here they usually support their Envoys,” 734.

the “Advantage,” Captain St. John, of the Royal Navy, taken by English pirate, 734 and note.

French demand for the restitution of French goods recovered from pirates;

counter claim, by the Privy Council, for compensation out of Dantziger's spoils, 734.

preparations in, for conferring the Principality of Wales on the Prince;

tourney to be held peers created, &c., 738.

report current of a league between, Venice, France, the States and Savoy, 748.

(1610), “an English gentleman” takes a French privateer;

a rich prize, 752.

passage between, and France, suspended by bad weather, 752, 763,

for a fortnight, 779.

an English regiment, disbanded by the Dutch, takes service with “the Princes in Cleves” 755 (Cf. 744);

English in Dutch service taken over by King James, 785, 794, 821.

pirates attack ship of the Royal Navy;

the captain destroys them by blowing up the upper deck, with little damage to his men below, 763.

“royal galleon” sent to convey Contarini to England;

he does not use it “because it would have wasted time,” and “cost more,” 777.

returned soldiers in, occasion a strengthening of the City police, 778.

fish exported from, to Venice and Italy, 785.

Lord Salisbury's discourse on the effect of her insular position, re intervention in Cleves, 793, 794.

comedy suppressed in, with allusion to the Lady Arabella and the Prince of Moldavia, 794.

trade between, and places in Spain, prohibited, on pretext of plague, in fear of trade rivalry, 794 and note;

English protest, 803.

proclamation in, by the Virginia Company;

the colony not to be a dumping ground for undesirables, 795.

description of Royal banquet in, silver-gilt plate, &c., Bishops in their rochets say grace, 801.

English contingent for Cleves to be commanded by Sir Edward Cecil, 803,

to march with the French, 857.

taxation lighter in, than in Wales;

four Welsh counties desire to be annexed to, 803.

an “English Count” building warships for the Grand Duke of Tuscany, 806.

English merchantmen beat off privateers, near Gibraltar, 810.

request for a burial place at Venice for Englishmen, 812.

request that English students may proceed to degrees at Padua without oath, 812.

the crown debts paid off by the King, 813, 821.

postmaster in, 821 (p. 445), 854 and note.

peace party in, afraid of entanglements in Cleves, 826.

negotiations touching Dutch fishery off the coasts of, 838,

and of Ireland, 857 (p. 464), 894 (p. 480), 897;

the Dutch Embassy obtains the King's promise that the fishery shall be “connived at,” 918 (p. 495).

French debt to, incurred under Queen Elizabeth, to be applied in payment of English force in Cleves, 857.

the decay of the Navy in, reflects glory on Elizabeth;

popularity in, of an alliance with the Dutch for an attack on the Indies, 857;

the Navy, consisting of thirty-five ships, to be reviewed, 857,

to induce Parliament to vote the King money, 894.

great power in, of the merchants, who control the government of London, due to “the need which the King and his Ministers always have of them in realising the revenue and the subsidies,” 880;

the King applies to the City for a loan on security of the subsidy, 894 (p. 481), 897.

seas of, swarming with pirates;

orders issued to fit out more ships against them, 880.

English merchants going out to Trebizond and Persia, to open trade in silk, 886, 921, 940.

Marchese Botti refrains from visiting on account of the plague, 896.

regret in, for the murder of King Henry IV;

the alliance between, and France had never been closer, 906;

“his memory grows in splendour among the people,” 918.

hope in, “that by the aid of the (Evangelical) Union they were going to secure a long peace and add to the prestige of Great Britain,” 906.

“extremely damp climate” of, 931.

sale of daggers in, 936.

“this nation, not even in its sports, thinks fit to use things that merely make a show, but employs things of solid value,” 936.

stringent measures against Roman Catholics in, 937.

the King's disputes with Parliament “are straining the devotion of his subects to his royal person,” 937.

Venetian criminal to go to, if pardoned, 949 (p. 512).

demand in, for the issue of Letters of Marque against the Spanish;

a merchant's goods arbitrarily seized in Seville, 954.

- See also Cecil;



-, Archpriest of. See Birkett, George;

Blackwell, George.

English Historical Review, cited in notes to, pp. vi, xv, xvi, xix, xl; 714.

Enno III, Count of East Friesland, otherwise styled Count of Emden, (1607), sends Agent to England to secure, through mediation of Dutch Envoys, King James' intervention, for the recovery of Emden, backed by Spain, 31;

“General, the Count of Emden,” in command of Germans, for the Archduke, seized by mutineers, 575;

brother of the Count of Emden, of long service in the Spanish army, throws up his commission, 785;

three of the castles at Emden sacked, in revolution, 666.

Épernon, Duke of. See Nogaret.

Epiphany, jousts to be held on the, 744.

Ernest, Margrave of Brandenburg, Stadtholder of Cleves, twin-brother of the Elector, John Sigismund, (1609), “the King of England and the States do not wish to see the Markgrave of Brandenburg Master of Oleves,” 532;

in Düsseldorf;

will be supported by England and France, 593, 600;

copy of letter to (“Ernest Margrave of Brandenburg”), from the Emperor, 601;

appeals (“the Princes in Düsseldorf”) from the Imperial Commissioners to the Emperor, 611;

expected (“the Marquis of Brandenburg”) in Düsseldorf, with a thousand horse from Prussia, 650.

- - See also under John Sigismund, Elector of Brandenburg;

Possessioners, The.

Ernest of Bavaria, Archbishop of Cologne, Elector, Francesco Contarini accredited to, 654.

Erskine, Sir Thomas, knight, Baron Erskine, Viscount Fentoun, Captain of the Guard, sent, with “the baroness, his wife,” to secure the Lady Arabella, 752.

Essex, Earl of. See Devereux, Robert.

Este, 308.

Estrées Francois Annibal d', Marquis de Cœuvre, sent to secure the return to France of the Prince and Princess of Condé, 725 note;

entertained by the Prince at Brussels, invites him to drink to the King;

ordered to inform the Archduke that to aid the Prince will be held an unfriendly act, 783;

ill-success of his mission, 785;

his plot, secretly abetted by the Archdukes, to abduct the Princess, 798;

threatens the King will come in person to seize the Prince, 813;

declares the Prince a rebel and guilty of laesa Majestas, the Prince protests;

he informs the King of the Prince's flight;

returns to Paris;

has audience of the King and the Constable, 819, 821;

on leaving Brussels no respect shown to, 826.

-, Gabrielle, Duchesse de Beaufort, 783 note.

Eton College, mentioned, 51 note, 241 (p. 129) note.

Exilles, Marshal Lesdiguières at, 859, 872.