Index: S

Calendar of State Papers Relating To English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 11, 1607-1610. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1904.

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'Index: S', in Calendar of State Papers Relating To English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 11, 1607-1610, (London, 1904) pp. 660-677. British History Online [accessed 13 April 2024]


Sabioncello, 512.

Sackville, Thomas, Lord Buckhurst, Earl of Dorset, Lord High Treasurer, refuses to disburse gift by king to Scottish baron;

the king's anger;

his health affected by the affair, 14;

dies at Council meeting, Lord Salisbury to succeed, 240 and note, 245.

Saettia, 500, 587, 630, 771, 772.

Sagredo, —, Venetian Consul at Alexandretta or Aleppo, instructed to act with English and French, 529, 530;

letter from, mentioned, 534;

ordered to remove, with French and English colleagues, to Tripoli, 688.

-, Nicolò, Governor General of Crete, order to, from the Doge and Senate, re the “Corsaletta,” 242;

his evidence at Venice on the case, 468, 490, 546;

intervenes in discussion with Sir Henry Wotton, 617 (p. 339);

further evidence of, re the “Costley,” 639, 949 (p. 512).

-, Piero, moves an amendment, complimentary to Sir Henry Wotton, in Senate, 729a.

St. Andrews, 463 note.

St. Bartholomew's fair opened, 599.

St. George's Day, celebrations on, 228, 239, 497.

St. James. See Jamestown.

St. Jean de Losne, in Burgundy, Swiss, in French service to assemble at, 852,

muster at, 853.

St. John, Lord. See Paulet.

-, Sir William, knight, captain of the Royal ship “Advantage,” killed in fight with pirate, 734 and note.

St. Mark, Library of, Venice, 241, 287.

St. Omer, Jesuit College at, reported production of “Pruritanus” at, 605.

St. Paul, Sir George, licence to, to keep taverns in Ireland, 838 note.

St. Pietro, Island of, near Sardinia, fired on, by pirates, 500.

St. Stephen, knights of, Tuscan, p. xli.

Sainte-Aldegonde, Count of, in attendance on the Archduke Albert, 836.

Saita, Cesare, frauds by, in the Venetian Mint, 680.

Sakell, —, a pirate, 575 note.

Salagnac, Salignac, Baron de. See Gontaut.

Saler, Michel, condemned for fraud on Venetian Mint, 487 and note.

Salisbury, King at, on “progress,” 52,

leaves, 59;

king starts on progress towards, 548, 575;

Spanish Agent sent to the King at, 600.

-, Earl of. See Cecil, Robert.

Salò, Alberghin of, 125, 691;

Sir Henry Wotton visits, 334;

booksellers of, forbidden to sell the “Pruritanus,” 622.

Saltpetre, purchase of, by Dutch, 398.

Salt. See Trade.

Salt Pans in Cyprus, 172, 438.

“Salvetta”. See Ships.

Salviati, Vincenzo, appointed Ambassador to England from the Grand Duke of Tuscany, 537,

expected to arrive, 599,

his reception, has commission to deal with subject of the captured ships, 617,

received in audience;

has no such commission;

King James' displeasure, 641;

dines with King;

anxious to depart;

his answer not to his taste, 650;

passes through Paris on his return, 695;

opposes the appointment of le Sieur, to return his Embassy, who had given “small satisfaction on a previous mission to Tuscany,” 734;

after his return, the inclination, in Florence, for a match between the Prince of Wales and the Grand Duke's daughter, much greater, 754.

San Lorenzo, costly chapel at, 440.

San Lucar, Spain, captures by pirates off, 348;

the flotta reaches, 357.

San, Marino, Marquis of, his duel with the Count of Ostruta, 728.

San Sebastiano, the friar of, his case, 347,

expelled from Venice, 400 and note.

Sandoval, —, Viceroy of Majorca, his son captured by pirates, 408 and note, 414.

-, y Roxas, Bernard, Archbishop of Toledo, “the Cardinal of Toledo,” appointed to negotiate with the Archdukes' Confessor, 406;

Pietro Priuli accredited to, 839.

-, Francis, Duke of Lerma, English remonstrances addressed to, re Earl of Tyrone, 99;

has first pick on sale of King's effects, 277;

his son, the Count of Galdagna solicits Venetian Ambassador to shelter a criminal, 349;

complains to the English Ambassador of English treaty with the Dutch, 350;

designs expedition against “the Ottoman” with intent to be invested with sovereignty of the conquered countries, 309;

Brizuela referred to, 409;

he decides in favour of truce with the Dutch against the wishes of the Council, 437;

is pleased with the truce, as enabling him to “dispose of the revenues and forces” of Spain “hitherto engaged in those parts,” 498,

to carve himself a kingdom out of the Turkish empire, 499;

implores the English Ambassador not to try and present his master's book to King Philip, 682 and note;

in reply to protest of Henry IV, declares that France had broken the treaty of Vervins by aiding the Dutch, sheltering Antonio Perez, and “corrupting” King Philip's brother-in-law, 819,

“though he became more moderate after the Council,” 836;

Pietro Priuli accredited to, 839.

Sanjack, 512.

Santa Cruz, Marquis of, in command of Spanish fleet, 326 note.

Santa Guistina, 83.

“Santa Maria”. See Ships.

Sapienza, Island of, off Messenia, Ward cruising in waters of, 193;

bertons captured off, by the Venetian Fleet, 211, 212.

Sardinia, 500.

Sarpi, Peter, Venetian Servite Friar, “Father Paul” in religion, complaint by Pope of Sir Henry Wotton's entertainment of, 21;

Cardinal Bellarmin's testimony in favour of;

danger to, of visiting Rome, 30 and note;

complaint, by Cardinal Borghese, of his frequenting Sir Henry Wotton's house, 35;

history of portraits of, sent to England, p. xxxvi note, 51 and note;

attempted assassination of;

names of accused, 83 and note;

speech by Sir Henry Wotton on the attempt, with statement that they had met but once, 85,

he desires that the Senate shall notify King of the attack, 87,

orders given to that effect, 89;

measures to protect, 101,

communicated to Sir Henry Wotton;

his thanks, 106;

opinion in England holds Rome responsible for attack on, 112;

King James informed of the attempt, denounces Rome as the source, 113;

the matter mentioned to Lord Salisbury, 114;

King James discourses of attack on, at banquet on anniversary of Gunpowder Plot, 117;

mentioned, 122;

his assassins take refuge at Rome, 134;

ecclesiastical benefices for his assailants, 400 and note;

increase of his salary, 419;

his opinion on the Vangadizza affair, 540;

notes of conversations with, 716 note.

Sarsaparilia. See Trade.

Savari, Francois de, Sieur de Breves, late French Ambassador in Turkey, served on journey to Jerusalem by a“Ciaus,” 65;

Ambassador in Rome, on the occasion of the Beatification of Ignatius Loyala, finding the Spanish Ambassador in the highest place, calls for chair, and seats himself on the high altar, 578;

informs Pope it is not for a Duke of Savoy to set examples to his master, 590;

informs Pope that King James, in reply to his master, had said to him, “that had they desisted from plotting against his life in Rome he would have held the Pope to be the Premier Bishop in the world,” &c., 594;

urges the Pope to prohibit replies to King James' book, 661;

in reply to the Pope, who desires him to write to his master in favour of peace, he dwells on the grave injury done him in sheltering the Prince of Condé, 845;

sends the Abbé d'Aumale to the Prince, 876;

endeavours to prevent the Prince being received with honours, if he come to Rome, 895.

Savile, Sir Henry, Provost of Eton, application by Sir Henry Wotton on behalf of his edition of Chrysostom, 241 and note;

employed to translate the King's book, 513 note, 339 note.

Savoie, Henri de, Due de Nemours, writes to Henry IV, urging immediate attack on Milan, 788,

accompanies the Duke of Savoy to Brusol, 873;

with him at Turin, 883.

Savoy, French privateers to fly flag of, 365, 366;

Ambassadors of, claim precedence over Tuscany, 455;

the difficulties of passage through, a hindrance to a league between France and Venice, 672;

the first intelligence of the murder of King Henry IV reaches Venice via, 915.

-, Cardinal of. See Maurice.

-, Prince of. See Victor Amadeo.

Saxony, Elector of. See Christian II.

-, House of, young Princes of, in England, 176.

Scanderun. See Iskanderun.

Scaramelli, Giovanni Carlo, Secretary to the Venetian Senate, report by, on Sir Anthony Sherley, 68.

-, “Moderante Scaramelli, Notary Extraordinary of the Ducal Chancery,” reports by, 207, 209;

Venetian Resident in Milan, despatch from, to Doge and Senate, 265, 361.

Schato, Island of, harried by Sherley, 860.

Schauenstein, —, reports to Henry IV from Italy, 892.

Schio. See Scio.

Schleiden, between Cologne and Juliers, seized by Count Ernest of Mansfeldt, 785.

Scio, Schio, Thomas Cordall's servant at, 468 (p. 251), 490, 546.

Scordili, Piero, of Zante, captain of the “provisionati” on the “Loredana,” insults Sir Henry Wotton, to be sent to prison for life, 652 and note,

Sir Henry intercedes for, 696, 716;

votes in the Senate on the question of his release, 729a.

Scorzoli, —, Secretary to Count Martinengo, 874.

Scotland (1607), rising in, suppressed, 8;

Highlanders in, seize three castles, belonging to Crown, 11;

the king resents slight put on Scotland by the Treasurer, in refusing a payment to a Scottish lord out of the privy purse, 14;

English opposition to abolition of laws hostile to, 18;

Parliament summoned in, to agree to points re Union, accepted by English Parliament, 25, 37,

meets, opposed to Union, 52;

national religion in, being continually modified to English form, 25;

Duke of Lennox appointed “King's Lieutenant” in, 37, 52;

reported assent by, to abolition of hostile laws between the countries, the first step to the Union, 59,

confirmed, 71;

rejection by Parliament of King's claim to headship of the kirk, and refusal to curtail privileges of Peers;

reasons of King's annoyance, 71;

Scottish relations with France, e.g., the Scottish Guard of the Duke of York, a bar to Union, 82;

would-be assassin of Father Paul reputed a Scot, 85;

attitude to Union of Scottish Parliament, 102;

opposition in, to King's Church policy;

the Nobility generally accept it, 122;

King James proposes to work silver mine in, 135, 181, 204, 216, 323;

(1608), the Duke of Lennox returns from holding Parliament in, 141;

rising of “people who live like savages and hardly recognise the King's authority,” suppressed;

death sentence on Lord Maxwell, 141;

England and, “more disunited than ever,” 148;

supposed devotion of the Scots to France, 176;

a Scot, Conte Claudio, a relation of the Earl of Tyrone, resident at Milan, 214;

Wood-kerns (selvaggi) in, going to aid of Irish;

ships put in commission to prevent their crossing, 228, 248;

King threatens to visit, in person, to repress “Puritans,” 240;

irritation in England at conferment of Garter on a Scot;

King's design to demonstrate the equality of the two races, with view to the Union;

question of the Union to be revived in next Parliament, 261;

Lord Dunbar in, restricting nobility, 300,

endeavouring to bring, into conformity with England, with view to Union, 328, 360;

meeting of Parliament in, postponed, 328;

deputation from, to the King, to protest against his attempt to assimilate worship in, to the English form, 340;

he persecutes the Roman Catholics and tries to extirpate the “Puritan sect,” in, 354 (p. 185), 376;

President Elphinstone remitted to, for trial, 373, 463;

freight of wine, stolen by a Scot, and sold in;

his arrest by the High Admiral, 373, 443, 477, 535, 539, 588, 678;

Roman Catholics in, numerous, 400;

(1609), book, “Idæa,” &c., by Thomas Rose, a Scot, in praise of King James, 409, 410;

rights of the Post Nati in England upheld by Lord Egerton and the King, 444 and note;

settlers from, for Ulster, 449 note;

edicts promulgated against Roman Catholic Recusants in, 463;

Scots in Swedish service, Scottish gentleman sent to England by the King of Denmark to demand their recall, 497, 503;

in Dutch service, to be enlisted by Denmark, 497,

dismissed by Dutch, 539;

recruiting in, for the King of Sweden, 503;

mission of Scottish gentleman to present the “Premonition,” 527;

Parliament summoned in, 527,

closes, 555;

“Archpriest” of, arrested, 527;

Sir James Murray, of, takes King's book to Poland, 536;

bill rejected in, to prevent “children of Catholic parents who had died abroad from inheriting,” 555;

Scottish garrison at Oldenzaal expelled by mutineers, 575;

Scottish Roman Catholics cause the King more anxiety than the English, he summons the Chancellor to England;

the persecution of the Roman Catholics in, makes Lord Dunbar's government odious, 575;

the Scots described as locusts, 592 (p. 322), 636 (p. 352);

the Bishops in, to wear “pontifical robes”;

objections in;

the King to settle their cut, 599;

Scottish Capuchin, betrayed by fellow-countryman in London, and sent to the Tower, 641 (p. 358);

a Scot, accused of piracy, arrested in, sent to London, and delivered to the Venetian Ambassador to try, or to send to Venice, 678, 700,

the Chancellor recommends acceptance of the offer, 719, 728, 743,

Venetian reply, 764, 794, 812, 837;

Scots about the Court provoked by the death of Stewart of Blantyre in duel, 719;

unwilling to accept English law or adopt the Union;

the Chancellor of, in conference with King, 719;

(1610), Marquis of Hamilton in remainder to the Crown of, 761;

English proposal to employ Scots, in Dutch service, in war in Cleves, 785, 794,

the States give their written consent, 821,

to march with the French, 857, 858;

King James admits that his action re Gibbons was “actually contrary to the law of Scotland,” 837;

denial of statement that large sums were sent to, from England by the King, 837;

project of the Union between, and England, dropped;

it will come by the operation of the doctrine of the Post Nati, 837;

Scottish Jesuit replies to the King's book, 930 (p. 501);

in Prague a Scottish Jesuit defends the murder of King Henry IV, 963. See also Union, the.

-, Archpriest of. See Hamilton, John.

-, High Admiral of. See Stuart, Ludovic, Duke of Lennox.

-, Lord Chancellor of. See Seton, Alexander.

-, Regent of. See Stuart, James.

-, Secretary for. See Preston, Sir John, knight.

Scottish Guard, of Duke of York, paid by France, 82.

Scutari, pavilion at, 270.

Sea Sharkers, or pirates, 363 note.

Search, right of, principles governing, on the seas, 73.

Seaton. See Seton.

Secretary to the Council of State. See Ashley.

Seffer, Hoggia, Armenian Agent of Shah Abbas in Europe, arrives at Venice to recover goods bought by Angelo Gradenigo, and with orders to Robert Sherley, 769, 773.

Sequins. See Money.

“Seraphim”. See Ships.

Serene, title applied to Electors, 846, 868,

or “Most Illustrious,” 907 (p. 489).

Serenissimi et Potentissimi Principis Jacobi, etc. Opera” cited in, note to, 946.

Sermione, in Veronese territory, 691.

Servin, —, silences George Crichton, 137.

Servitors, meaning of term, 400 and note, 449 note.

Seton, Alexander, Lord Fyvie, Earl of Dunfermline, Lord Chancellor of Scotland, Venetian thanks to, for arrest of stolen goods, 477 and note;

summoned to England;

an old resident in Rome, 575;

has long conferences with King on the Union, 719;

calls on the Venetian Ambassador and invites an answer re Gibbons, 719;

his nephew assists in Gibbons' capture, 728.

Seville, squadron of, 1;

flotta” expected in, 361;

a great galleon of the flotta cut out of the harbour of, by pirate, 663;

trade between, and London, prohibited, 794;

English merchant's goods arbitrarily seized at, 954.

Seymour, —, the Lady Arabella taken from the house of, and arrested, 752.

-, Edward, Earl of Hertford, “a person of royal descent,” 803, 813.

-, Sir William, grandson of the Earl of Hertford “of royal descent,” avows his wish to marry the Lady Arabella before the Council, 803,

the match prohibited, 813.

Sfondrato, Marquis of, 851.

Shah Abbas, King of Persia, his letter to the Turk, 65;

his Ambassador returns home from Spain, 236;

sends Embassy to the Emperor Rudolf, to invite war against the Turk, 495, 507, 517, 524, 531, 541, 545, 551, 581, 582, 584, 589, 594, 598, 607, 608, 610, 619, 624, 648, 661, 676, 769, 773, 790;

a crystal supplied to, from Marseilles, 524;

goods bought for, in Europe, by Angelo Gradenigo, seized by the Turks at Aleppo, 581,

repayment by Gradenigo required, 648;

sends Hoggia Seffer to Venice, to recover moneys from Gradenigo, &c., 769, 773;

Sir Anthony Sherley obtains, by his intercession, the command of Spanish bertons to harry the Turk, 773.

Sharp, Lionel, translates the King's book, 539 note.

Sheep Haven, Ireland, 269 note.

Sheers, Shirs, Arthur, “Noter Giermer,” declines consignment of the “Corsaletta,” 468 (p. 251), 546, 639,

his expenses, 950.

Sherley, Sir Anthony, to fly Spanish flag, as privateer, 7;

“General of the Galleons of the Kingdom of Naples,” 61;

his commission as “General,” in Spanish service jeopardized by discovery of his frauds in Madrid;

his arrest ordered, 40;

his movements reported by Sir Henry Wotton to Venetian Senate, 49;

sends Captain Hepburn, deputed to attend him by the Viceroy of Naples, to Doge and Senate to request passage through Venetian states;

reply of Doge, 61,

and of the “Savio for the week,” 62;

his letter of credence for Hepburn, 63,

covering his patent from Philip III, as “General,” 64;

Sir Henry Wotton's protest, by his Secretary, against his reception at Venice, with details of his career, 66,

reply of Senate, 72;

official Venetian documents relating to, 67–69;

his brother, Sir Thomas, committed to Tower, 74, 78, 92, 129, 155;

further details by Sir Henry Wotton of his career, 77;

Venetian memorandum touching, 92;

well received by Emperor;

proposes joint action against Turk;

has been with King of Fez with that object, 100;

copy of his commission as commander of Spanish Galleys forwarded from Prague to Doge and Senate, 105;

his design to procure ships from England, 155;

at Ferrara;

keeps men at Venice, 218;

received at Milan;

leaves for Spain, 249;

report on, preserved at Venice, p. 123;

fitting out galleons against pirates at Algiers, 392;

to be employed to fit out fleet in Sicily against Dutch, 406;

his brother Robert secures the arrest of a Venetian for a debt due to, as alleged, 581;

endeavour to get Dantziger to serve under, 712 note;

at Messina, in command of Spanish galleons, 771, 772;

letter to, from Shah Abbas, congratulating him on having obtained, by his intercession, the command of Spanish bertons to harry the Turk, 773;

the new Viceroy of Sicily, the Duke of Ossuna, determined to supersede;

he “acts like a regular buccaneer,” 780;

“cruising with the Sicilian galleys,” 790;

his fleet of galleys at Messina, “very badly commanded,” 809;

at Milo, with eight Spanish galleons, 816;

“the galleons of Sicily” land men on Schato, and “harry the poor Greek peasants,” 860;

begins building a fort at Bracco di Maino, 940.

-, Robert, arrives at Prague as Ambassador from Persia, 495, 507;

going to Italy, 517;

arrests a Venetian, Gradenigo, for debt, 524;

still at Prague, 531, 541, 545,

receives his congè 561;

alleged to have arrested Gradenigo, not for a debt to the Shah, but to his brother Anthony, 581,

Venetian orders, to their Ambassador in Rome, to procure release by, of Gradenigo, 582;

lodging prepared for, in Rome, 584, 589,

goes to Florence, 594;

leaves Gradenigo in prison at Milan, 598;

at Florence, putting his household “in silk of various colours”;

begs a present of the Grand Duke, 610;

receives part;

the Grand Duke's Court anxious to be rid of, 619;

Venetian memorial to Count Fuentes in favour of his prisoner Gradenigo, 624;

received by the Pope, in a turban, with a cross on the top of it;

consents to surrender Gradenigo, if the Shah's claim be satisfied, 648;

dismissed, after exhorting the Pope to unite Christendom against the Turk, 661;

does not release Gradenigo;

the Venetian Ambassador takes legal proceedings, 676;

Agent sent by Shah Abbas to enquire for;

he had been absent from Paris over two years;

ordered to send an express to Persia via Ormuz;

sells a crystal casket, &c., to the Emperor Rudolf, the value belonging to the Shah, in quittance for silk given to Gradenigo, 773;

received in audience by the King of Spain, 790 and note;

King James makes sport of his turban and cross, 801.

-, Sir Thomas, committed to the Tower, at request of Turkish Ciaus, 74,

presumed connexion of arrest with the flight of the Earls of Tyrone and Tyrconnel; his alleged design to divert English commerce from the Levant, 78;

his case, 92;

English merchants' suspicion of, fomented by the Ciaus, 129;

charge of assisting his brother Sir Anthony to obtain ships from England, 155.

Ships, with tops (di gabbia), 4;

English ordered to strike their fore-topsail to Venetian galleys in the Levant 7, see “Vail”;

Dutch shipbuilding, classification of ships, 391 and note;

shipbuilding for the East India Company, 511 and note;

bigger ships building for the Dutch East India trade, 575;

ships building for the King of Spain at Dunquerque, 600, 665;

“galleons” and “galeottes,” 663;

saettia, 630, &c.;

bertoncin, 956.

-, “Advantage,” of 500 tons, Royal Navy, Captain Sir William St. John, taken by English pirate, 734 and note.

-, “Amethyst,” of London, with currants from Clarentza, 418.

-, “Balba,” taken by pirates, fitted out as a “corsair,” 258.

-, “Balbiana,” arrest of pirate concerned in capture of, 880;

Venetian demand for compensation in respect of, 913.

-, “Bellina,” “Bollina,” captured off Valencia by the pirate Danziker, 406, 408, 500.

-, “Benediction,” of Plymouth, with currants from Clarentza, 418.

-, “Black Lion,” from Venice to London, 466.

-, “Bollina.” See “Bellina.”

-, “Captain,” Dutch flag ship, in the Cadiz expedition, 716.

-, “Constant,” from Venice, taken into Marseilles by Dantziger, 700.

-, “Corsaletta,” “Condilieno,” “Cortley,” or “Costley,” English ship arrested by the Venetian galleys, case of, p. xxxiii;

news of the arrest reaches England, 45;

protest by Sir Henry Wotton to the Venetian Cabinet, 49;

matter not being pressed in England, 50;

its restoration required by English merchants, through the Venetian Ambassador in England, 71:

Minute of the Senate ordering release of, if shewn to be not a pirate;

other points to be waived, 72;

captured off Prodono, ibid;

arrested in Turkish waters, and the legality of the arrest disputed by the Levant Company on this ground;

the attention of the Turkish Cavass, then in London, and of the Privy Council called to this point;

assertion by the Venetian Ambassador of right of search in all waters, 73;

thanks of Sir Henry Wotton for decision touching, 77;

remonstrance touching, addressed by same to Senate, with justification of the Master's conduct, 85;

order from the Senate to the Commander of the Great Galleys to release, 104;

mentioned, 106 (p. 56);

memorandum by the Venetian Senate of reasons for believing acts of piracy were committed by, though ship is released out of regard to King James, 110, 111, 129;

a test case of delays to ships on voyages caused by Venetian proceedings under the Anglo-Venetian Convention, 113, 114;

Lord Salisbury shows gratitude for Venetian civility in affair of, 135;

mentioned, 141;

King James informed personally by the Venetian Ambassador, that the release of, was upon his “simple guarantee,” in spite of of proofs that she was a privateer, 174;

still detained at Canea, badly damaged;

Sir Henry Wotton's complaint, 241;

orders concerning, by the Doge and Senate to the Commander-in-Chief in Candia, 242;

restored, with cargo missing, and stripped;

demand by King James for indemnification, 407,

with history of the case, 468, 490, 546, 639;

the case comes before the Admiralty Court in England;

the Ambassador declines to appear, on the ground that it is not “in the competence of any particular Judge to hear it,” the Doge being a party to it;

sentence is pronounced, however, against the Republic, “in contumacy”;

the Ambassador appeals to Lord Salisbury, 726,

who defends the jurisdiction of the Court, 731;

documents in the case, 732, 733;

“the summons and sentence in contumacy” are annulled;

the Ambassador informs Cordall that his losses are due to his sailors and agents, and that “Sovereigns” “never reimburse” individuals “for loss of time and expenses,” 738;

application by the owners, to Ambassador Contarini;

he has no commission to deal with the case, 793;

King James recommends the case of, to Contarini, 812,

also Lord Salisbury, 821;

Sir Henry presents case of, in Venice, 917 (p. 493), with statement of its value, and of the value of goods brought home from, on the “Tiger,” 949, 950.

-, “Elephant,” with currants from Zante, 418.

-, “Elephant of Bristol,” with currants from Zante, 418.

-, “Emo,” Venetian galleon, 766.

-, “Falcon,” with currants from Zante, 418.

-, “Gaiana,” account of her voyage, 416.

-, “Galant Anne,” with currants from Clarentza, 418.

-, “Gioanato” (?), English, Captain Ward, at Zante, 586.

-, “Giustinian,” of Venice, narrative of her voyage with the “William and Thomas,” 200, 202, 206, 241.

-, “Good God,” with currants from Clarentza, 418.

-, “Good Hope,” of London, bound from Alexandretta to Venice, 250;

arrives in London, with currants from Venice, 418.

-, “Grace,” of London, with currants from Zante, 418.

-, “Holy Mary Anne,” Captain Tomkins, piracy by, 913.

-, “Hope,” Flemish berton, reports capture by pirates, 438.

-, “Husband,” of London, p. xxxi;

arrested, on way to Flanders, with goods from the “Soderina” on board, at request of Venetian Ambassador, 128, 130;

proceedings in case of, 135, 141, 142;

ice-bound in river, 146;

ship (the “Seraphim”) with like cargo arrives, 148, 161, 177;

thanks of Senate for English action in matter of, 157;

King James discusses case of, 174;

the Lord High Admiral exacts gratuity before handing goods from, over to Venetian Agent, 174;

mentioned, 181;

sequestration order obtained in respect of, about to be revoked, 229;

value of goods on, 364, 368:

claim that part of the cargo of, did not come from the “Soderina,” 738.

-, “Liona,” owners repudiate expenses incurred by Bailo in attempt to recover cargo of;

his complaint to Doge, 199, 219–226, 247, 258;

again captured, 644.

-, “Loredana,” Venetian Galley, Commander Francesco Loredan, 649, 652, 729a.

-, “Marigold,” Venetian owned, bound for Lisbon, engages pirato in the Mediterranean, 880,

successfully, 894 (p. 481).

-, “Merchant Venture,” with currants from Zante, 418.

-, “Merlyn,” King's pinnace, in search of pirates off the Isle of Wight, 319.

-, “Moresina,” reported capture of, by pirate. Danziker, off the Saltpans, in the Island of Cyprus, 438.

-, “Pasqualiga,” her capture reported from Zante, 629.

-, “Pearl,” from Venice to London, captured by Ward, 526.

-, “Pearl,” the Prince of Condé said to have boarded at Dunquerque, 826.

-, “Peppercorn,” pinnace to the “Trade's Increase,” 778 note.

-, “Resistance,” with currants from Patras, 418.

-, “Royal Exchange,” with currants from Clarentza, 418.

-, “Salvetta,” sinks, after being abandoned by pirates, 497, 525.

-, “Santa Maria,” Venetian, burnt by Turkish sanjack, 512.

-, “Seraphim,” arrives with goods from Tunis, part of the cargo of the “Soderina,” 148, 161, 177;

value of the goods, 364.

-, “Soderina and Reniera,” Venetian vessel, case of, pp. xxxi-xxxiii;

captured by the English pirate Ward, 34,

his efforts to compound with Venetians respecting, 94;

his dealings with, 106;

mentioned, 114;

“the Husband,” of London, arrested with goods on board, part of the spoil of, 128, 130, 157;

equipped by Ward as a man of war, 150;

Sir Henry Wotton promises to do his best for recovery of cargo of, 165;

mentioned, 171;

opinion of the jurists of Padua in favour of the owners of, 191, 192;

Ward cruising in, 193, 194;

she founders, being rotten, 196, 197, 200;

another ship arrested bringing spoil from, 198;

not a single proof put in by owners of;

irritation of Ambassador at such slackness, 198;

report of her foundering, 212;

protest by the Ambassador, to the Doge and Senate, against the owners' slackness;

nothing has been sent by way of proof of title;

the Privy Council had revoked sequestration of goods brought from, but at last consent to a further two months' delay, 229;

proofs of ownership in case of, forwarded to England, 259, 260,

but too late;

the sequestration order revoked, 266;

cargo of, sold to Osman bey;

she founders after Ward had left her, 268;

motive of Lord Salisbury in revoking the sequestration on goods from, 269;

the matter nearly settled;

Commissioners appointed by King to enquire and report to Council, favourable to Venetian claim, 295;

claim mentioned, 312;

recapitulation, by Sir Henry Wotton;

of whole case of, 323;

King desires to settle affair of, before Ambassador Giustinian's departure, 360;

compromise in affair of, at King's instance, viz., the goods released, but merchants interested to deposit their value, to be forfeited unless they establish their ownership in seven months, 364,

protest by the Levant Company, 364 note;

sum to be recovered on account of, 368;

thanks of Doge and Senate to King James for his aid in matter of, 380,

and to Sir Henry Wotton, 381 (p. 200);

leave to appeal in case of, obtained from Privy Council, but caution money required to be paid, 386;

the thanks of the Senate conveyed to King James for his aid in the affair of, by their Ambassador in England, 412;

intervention by the Common Law Judges, declaration by Lord Salisbury that neither the King, nor Council, intended to meddle further in such matters, that the blame would “all fall on the King”;

the Council, however, discover that execution may be sued against the goods of the sureties;

the Venetian Ambassador declines to appear to an appeal re the caution money deposited pending negative proof of ownership, 456;

two men present at the capture of, arrested, 477, 479,

to be sent to London for trial, 526, 535, 588;

the Admiralty judge repudiates his promises in the affair of, 477;

fresh proof in affair of, 511;

fresh application by the Ambassador, 526,

to the King, 535, 539, 548, 564;

the King orders the Admiralty Judge to “give no cause for complaint” respecting, 575;

affair of, comes before the Admiralty Judge, 714,

and, thanks solely to the King's intervention, sentence is given for the Venetians;

further suit to follow, 719;

pirates present at capture of, sentenced to death, 728 and note;

“the Judges” hinder “the conclusion of the suit for the plundered goods bought in Barbary,” &c., 728;

commission on “the other suit” meets, Secretary Herbert informs Ambassador Correr that they will come and discuss the matter with him;

persons already sentenced seek abatement in respect of their costs, the Ambassador declines, 731;

the committee on the second case of, visit Ambassador Correr;

question of goods on the “Husband,” not part of the cargo of, 738;

the Privy Council send the first case of, back to the Admiralty Judge, with recommendation to allow the merchants concerned “the costs of customs, warehousing and hire,” 743;

judgment in the second case to be given next week, 743,

the merchants “cast” in less sum than expected, Ambassador Correr asks for further particulars from parties interested in Venice, but hopes for more “under the other judgment,” 752;

the Court deducts expenses, reducing the sum recovered by half, 793;

Ambassador Correr hopes to secure payment from the sureties in prison, in respect of;

despairs of obtaining further compensation, the merchants being too strong, 880.

-, “Spelegato,” galleon, captured by Ward;

negotiations for liberation of her hull, &c., 187, 188.

-, “Spinola,” Spanish galleon, taken by English and Turks, 790.

-, “Stella,” Simon Cutte, master, case of, 951, 952.

-, “Susan,” with currants from Zante, 418.

-, “Tiger,” brings back cargo from the “Corsaletta,” 949 (p. 513), 950.

-, “Trade's Increase,” built at Deptford for the East India Company, 511 and note, 778 and note.

-, “Tramontana,” of Royal Navy, outclassed by pirates, 363 note.

-, “Violet,” with currants from Clarentza, 418.

-, “William and Thomas,” history of arrest of, by Grand Duke of Tuscany, 200, 202, 206, 207, 241, 457;

fresh effort to recover, 470, 477. See also Medici, Ferdinand de'.

Sicily, the Earl of Tyrone's hopes for a Marquisate in the kingdom of, 227;

Sir Anthony Sherley employed to raise fleet in, against the Dutch, 406;

Don Ascanio Spinola born in, 430, 714;

ship captured by pirates on way from, to Spain, 500;

Spanish policy touching, 518;

Sir Anthony Sherley acting “like a regular buccaneer” in, 780,

“cruising in the Sicilian galleys,” 790,

men landed from “the galleons of Sicily” and the poor peasants harried, 860. See also Palermo;


-, Viceroy of. See Viliena;


Siena, Lord Harington's son visits, 407 and note.

Sigismund III, King of Poland, King James' letter to, p. xvii;

his Agent in England complains that the English Ambassador in Constantinople is inciting the Turks to attack, 611.

Silk, seized by Ward, 94;

manufactory of, introduced into England, 291;

duty on, 379;

twenty bales of, sent by the Shah to Europe for sale, 524, 769, 773;

English attempt to open up trade in, with Persia, via Trebizond and Constantinople, opposed to Venetian monopoly of the Syrian silk trade, 886, 921, 940.

Sillery. See Brûlart, Nicolas.

Silver mine, in Scotland, King James proposes to work, 135,

glowing accounts of, 181, 204,

good results of the analysis, 216;

full account of, 323.

Silvestri, Zorzi, his claim against Edward “Facner,” 626, 627;

presents Ambassador Correr with the Doge's letters on his behalf, 685.

Simiane, Charles de, Seigneur d'Albigny, his death, attributed to the Duke of Savoy, on account of his intrigue with Spain, 170;

de Jacob afraid of the vengeance of his friends, 183.

Simon, the Dragoman, employed by the Bailo, 199, 247, 258.

Sinclair, Sir Andrew, knight, his mission to England, from Denmark, 497 and note, 503.

Siphanto, Sipanto, “swept bare” by pirates, 515.

Skins for shoe leather. See Trade.

Slanà, an English pirate,” 631.

Sluis, Sluys, question of the restoration of, 166,

strongly garrisoned by the States, 600.

Smith, Pearsall, p. xlix.

-, Richard, case of, and the Post Nati, 444.

-, Thomas, knight, Governor of the East India Company, the King presents with chain, 778;

Treasurer of the Virginia Company, 795 and note.

Smyrna, English ship sails for, 774 (p. 415), trades with, 949 (p. 513).

“Soderina and Reniera”. See Ships.

Soissons, Count of. See Bourbon, Charles de.

Soldi. See Money.

Solms, Count, Ambassador of Brandenburg, takes leave of Henry IV, 633;

expected in England, 641, 650, 658;

the two Counts Solms wait in Paris till the Imperial Ambassador is dismissed;

coming, the one from Brandenburg, the other from Nuremburg, 665, 692;

Henry IV acknowledges letters presented on behalf of Brandenburg and Neuburg by Count Philip and Count Frederick of Solms, 709;

dislike the Saxon embassy to King James, 714;

assured by King that he will give aid, if needed;

depart for Holland “not quite content,” 727;

Count Frederick, “the taller of the two lately in England,” takes Schleiden, 785 and note;

“Count Solms” killed at Bideburg, 856.

Solothurn, pittag held in, to enable the French Ambassador to raise troops in, 820.

Solz, Count, sent to Spain to report result of interview between the Archdukes Albert and Leopold, 717.

Somers, Sir George, reported lost on way to Virginia, 795.

Somerset, Edward, Earl of Worcester, p. xxix; 546 notes.

-, Sir Thomas, knight, to support the Prince of Wales at tourney, 744.

Soranzo, Francesco, Venetian Ambassador in Germany, despatch from, to Doge and Senate, 9;

overtures to, by Jesuits, for their reinstatement at Venice, ibid.

-, Girolamo, Venetian Ambassador in Spain, compelled to harbour fugitive criminals in Embassy house to please gentlemen of the Court, 349;

acknowledges the receipt of papers relating to English affairs, 684;

relieved of his embassy on the completion of his two years' service, 737a.;

returns thanks for his appointment as Savio di Terra ferma, 780;

credentials for his successor, 839.

- - - , despatches from, to Doge and Senate, 166, 184, 236, 246, 251, 273, 274, 277, 303, 313, 314, 326, 327, 333, 349, 350, 356, 357, 369, 389, 397, 406, 415, 422, 428, 442, 461, 472, 489, 498, 499, 508, 544, 569, 628, 663, 682, 684, 718, 780, 790, 823, 869, 903, 925.

Sorbonne, decisions of, questioned, 137;

Scottish member of, 527;

Mariana's doctrine on regicide condemned by, 944.

Soubise, M. de. See Rohan.

Southampton, Earl of. See Wriothesley, Henry.

Southwark, Admiralty Court in, 733.

Spain (1607), Seville squadron of, defeated by Dutch, 1, 8;

complaints in, against Archduke and Spinola, re truce, 1;

English merchants obtain letters of marque against, 2,

question to be considered by Privy Council, 18;

urgent need in, of peace with Dutch;

embargo on ships in, for requirements of fleet, to attack the Dutch, 4;

accord between Venice and Pope not notified to, 5;

truce between, and Dutch, supposed to prelude a policy of aggression in Italy, 7;

treasure-fleet reaches, in safety, 7;

confiscation in, of fortune of the Count of Villalonga, 7;

alleged bribe by, to Dutch, not to send fleet to the West Indies, 7;

Sir Anthony Sherley to be employed by, as privateer, 7, 49;

Spanish galleons posted at Gibraltar to intercept English aid for Venice, defeated by Dutch, 8;

exclusion of Spanish from Holland desired in Flanders, 8;

reported conclusion of peace between, and Dutch, and recall of Dutch fleet, 8;

claim by, to monopoly of trade with Spanish dominions over seas, disallowed re Dutch ship, in English Courts, 11;

Don Diego d'Ybarra sent as Agent from, to Netherlands;

opposition of the Archduke to his appointment, 19,

his character, 20;

French negotiations in England, to secure continuance of war between, and Dutch, 25;

Dutch squadron ordered to remain off, 25;

English berton plunders Spanish ship in Spanish waters;

redress sought from English Ambassador, who repudiates responsibility, as the berton was a privateer, 28;

Agent from, to Flanders, in Paris, negotiating loan, 29;

English neutrality in warbetween, and Dutch, dependent on Dutch status as “rebels”;

the war preferred, unless complete reconciliation be effected between, and Dutch, 31;

support by, of the claims of the Count of Emben, ibid.: popular clamour against, in England;

merchants advised by Privy Council, to withdraw capital from, 34;

Dutch negotiations in England for aid against, 36;

ratification of truce between, and Dutch (No. 34), leads to return home of Dutch fleet, 36;

news confirmed, 38, 42;

Spanish aid sought for recovery of “Cautionary Towns” from English, 40;

Dutch decline ratification of truce sent from, as drafted;

Dutch fleet revictualled to intercept treasure-fleet bound for, 43;

Ambassador of in England, officially notified of Anglo-Dutch negotiations, 43;

English anxiety not to appear as responsible for Dutch rupture with;

Spanish satisfaction;

suggested Spanish match for Duke of York, with Netherlands as dower, 44;

resolved to accept any terms to stop war with Dutch;

Dutch refusal to pay burdens due to “Counts of Flanders,” and “Dukes of Burgundy” the main obstacle, 46;

description of King, in ratification, causes rejection by Dutch of truce with, 47, 48;

constant infractions of truce between, and Dutch, 50;

Archduke sends to, for correctly worded ratification, 52, 54;

indications of Dutch exhaustion and need for peace with, 57;

Dutch fleet withdrawn from waters of, 71;

rumoured preparation in, of great fleet, excites suspicion in England, 57, 59, 71, 74;

King James suggested as mediator between, and Dutch, a plot to prevent Anglo-French co-operation, 58;

John Neyen returns from, Spanish distrust of, as a Fleming, born of heretic parents, 60, 398;

fear in, lest, after recognition by, of their independence, the Dutch may continue war as Sovereign states, with aid from France, England and Protestants, 60;

supposed design of, on the Morea, 65 (p. 34);

John Neyen expected to bring revised ratification from, 71,

what he brings, insufficient, 74;

direct trade between colonies of, and England, forbidden;

claim to confiscate, as contraband, sugar imported direct from Brazil, 73, 456;

ill-will to, in England;

servant of English Ambassador arrested in Madrid, 75;

particulars of the cargo of the fleet of New Spain from Customs Register of, 76;

anger against, in England, on account of the flight of the Earls of Tyrone and Tyrconnel, 78,

Spanish Ambassador denies complicity, 81, 86;

ratification of truce between, and Dutch, considered secure, 78, 80;

the Dutch seek English and French support to break off negotiations with, 82;

Dutch decline to negotiate peace with unless their complete independence is first allowed, 90,

text of required acknowledgement, 91;

English protest to be addressed to, on presence of Earl of Tyrone in Flanders, 90;

original intention of the Earl of Tyrone was to go to, 93,

promises Henry IV to go, instead, to Flanders, 95;

English Ambassador in, complains of the Earl's reception in Flanders, 99;

Spanish connivance in his designs considered proven, 102, 106, 108;

answer given in, to Ambassador's complaints, 120;

President Richardot sent to Holland to negotiate between, and Dutch;

his independent attitude towards, 102, 109;

his influence undermined by, 112;

measures in, to cope with national debt, 107;

sale of King's effects, 277;

decay of English navy and mercantile marine due to peace with, 108;

ratification sent from, in form satisfactory to Dutch, 114,

text, 115;

Dutch dislike to final form, 118;

preparations by Holland for peace negotiation with, 117,

Ambassador of, in England, seeks to secure King James beforehand, 121;

recognition by, of Dutch independence supposed to be insincere, 121;

Dutch demands against;

free navigation to both Indies;

removal of Spaniards from Low Countries, 121;

proposed Anglo-Dutch alliance to promote peace with, 126;

attitude of, to the Earl of Tyrone, causes continued anxiety in England, 127;

Dutch Deputies' to meet and decide if they will negotiate on the conditions sent from;

their independence, they protest, was dependent on no acknowledgement by, 130;

desire in, for peace, will drive, to come to terms;

Dutch in same plight, 130;

in deference to English alarms, and not to upset negotiations with Dutch, the Earl of Tyrone persuaded not to visit, 131, 160, 165;

truce between, and Dutch, to be extended, 131;

(1608), every effort made by, to incline England to side of peace;

suggestion renewed of marriage of King James' son with an Infanta, with dower in Low Countries;

the Earl of Tyrone kept at Brussels to terrorize King James, 146,

proofs of the matrimonial intrigue, 155;

Dutch Estates agree to treat for peace with, 148;

question of the precedence of representative of, in England, over the French, 149, 176;

anxious for peace;

Sir Henry Wotton's comments on pretensions of, 150;

the Dutch less eager for peace with, 155,

demand preliminary recognition of their independence, 161,

to be conceded, 168;

appointment by, of Marquis Spinola, as chief commissioner for the peace negotiations, offends the Flemish, 161;

rumoured alliance between, the Pope, the Emperor, and Grand Duke of Tuscany, against Turk, 164,

Sir Henry Wotton suggests that this may explain desire of, for peace with Dutch, 165,

speculations touching, 182;

peace with Dutch assured;

points left open, (1) Freedom of Conscience, (2) Navigation to Indies, (3) Sluys, 166;

efforts by, to allay King James' suspicions, 168;

names of Commissioners for, to Peace Congress, 168;

intrigues of, in Savoy, 170;

negotiations between, and Dutch, for peace, or long truce, 171, 175;

secretary of, in Paris in close alliance with Nuncio, 171;

English suspicion of, re Ireland;

peace with Dutch will leave, freer elsewhere, 176,

naval preparations by, for Africa, or Ireland, 182,

or against Venice, 228;

recognize Dutch independence, this recognition covers the religious question;

ready to compromise on the point of the “India Navigation,” 177;

Dutch “sovreignty” acknowledged by;

peace in sight, 183;

galleys of, sink eight Dutchmen;

annoyance of King and Ministers, 184,

importance of action exaggerated in, 190 and note;

doubtful of the peace, owing to Dutch insistence on “India Navigation”;

if granted all ships of, would have to sail fully armed, 184, 186;

return ordered in, of accumulation of property by the Jesuits, 184;

great ships of, collecting at Naples, 185;

in order to influence Dutch, Ambassador of, in England, enters protest against molestation of trade of, in East Indies, by English, 186;

Dutch declaration of the importance of their East India trade decides Spanish Commissioners to refuse, 190,

matter in suspense, 198;

English suspicions re Ireland quieted by, 190,

and King James, for the sake of quiet in Ireland, led to suppress all sign of sympathy with Dutch claims, including a pamphlet on the “India Navigation,” 203;

Spanish Commissioners propose, leaving the Navigation question open, to proceed to discussion of further points;

Dutch assent, 204, 205;

English jealousy of Dutch greatness, played on by, 204;

Earl of Tyrone left Ireland on invitation from;

the Earl going to, from Rome, 213,

held of no account by, on account of his age, 227;

representations by Ambassador of, to King James, against Dutch claim to the “India Navigation”;

other points being daily settled at Peace Congress;

point of Religion to be referred to French arbitration, 216;

King James affects to accept assurances of, re Ireland, 228, 245;

the Dutch to be allowed to trade, for nine years, to places in Indies not occupied by, 228,

text of suggested compromise, 238;

copy of terms of peace between, and Dutch, handed by Sir Henry Wotton to the Doge, 232;

speculations on significance of the retirement of the President of the Council in, 232;

English treaty with Dutch concluded, but not published to avoid annoyance to, 234, 239, 263;

money sent on behalf of, to England, to buy up opponents to the peace, or to purchase ships, 234;

Persian Ambassador leaves, on his return home, 236;

Ministers in, hesitate to grant free navigation to Indies to Dutch;

it is like to be refused, 236,

fate of the negotiations dependent on decision, 240;

English suspicion of, continues;

proposal to recall English Ambassador from;

action deferred till declaration of peace, 239, 240;

regret in England that negotiations between, and Dutch, have gone so far;

fear of intervention by, in Ireland, 240,

regret increased by rebel successes, 248, 261;

despatches from Council in, show no intention of assenting to Dutch terms;

military preparations renewed on either side, 244;

hesitation in, to agree to Free Navigation;

negotiations in, of John Neyen, 246,

terms submitted to, 251;

Sir Anthony Sherley on his way back to, 249;

demand by, for freedom of conscience in Holland, in return for surrender of sovereignty;

question of India Navigation to be settled as in case of England, by the treaty of London, 251;

English fears in Ireland cause explanations to be offered to, by Ministers, of the correctness of English policy re the Dutch, 263;

“the Spanish treated with much more respect than heretofore,” 269;

truce between, and Dutch, prolonged for two months, 263, 269;

Don Pedro di Toledo sent on mission to Germany;

to pass through France on way and to propose an alliance there;

English suspicion aroused, 269, 278, 285, 288, 291,

the object to “lull” the French “to sleep,” 271;

internal jealousies of Dutch fostered by, 269;

Dutch deputies corrupted by;

Barneveld bought, 272, 332;

Dutch populace suspect the bribery, 342;

King James complains to, of reception of the Earl of Tyrone at Milan;

his increasing disgust with, 273;

Spanish proclivities of the Queen of England, 282;

the invitation of the Grand Duke of Tuscany to join in attack on Cyprus declined by, 283;

proposed change of English Minister in, 287;

request by, to Henry IV to induce Dutch to forego claim to sovereignty, 295;

mission from, of Don Pedro di Toledo, considered in England a device of the Pope to alienate France from the Dutch, 295, 300,

actually contrived by the Pope, 302;

complaints by, of Anglo-Dutch treaty, 295, 300,

met by answer that it is only operative after the peace, 307;

insistence by, on refusal of “sovereignty and India Navigation” to Dutch, 300;

fall of red rain in;

its significance, 303;

opposition by, to proposed treaty between England and France, 312, 319;

fleet of pirate ships off Lisbon;

vessels taken by pirates off Valencia;

fears for the treasure-fleet, 313;

pirate captures off San Lucar, 348;

Dutch demands refused by;

the India Navigation refused;

free exercise of the “Catholic ritual” demanded;

tribute required in recognition of King's sovereignty;

anger of Dutch;

John Neyen blamed, 314,

the Dutch decline and break off negotiations with, 322, 324 and note;

Ambassador of, in Venice raises question of the right of asylum in Embassies, 315,

reply to, 316,

England respects the right in case of Spanish Embassy, 335,

point not raised by, in Germany, 337,

discussion started by action of English Ambassador in, 349,

report as to, from France, a refugee in Spanish Embassy there, 358, 365;

desire in England for prosecution of war with;

King James the obstacle, 319,

if he would consent, he would not spend, but make, money on the war, English ships mobilised at ten times less cost, 333;

Spinola, by means of French Commissioners at the Hague, opens fresh negotiations for truce between, and Dutch, for a twelve years' truce;

an indication of French desire for an alliance with, 324, 328;

failure of attack by, on El Arisch, 326;

Don Pedro di Toledo reports to, the failure of his mission, 327;

the Archduke pledges, to a seven years' truce with the Dutch;

claim to “sovereignty” to be ignored;

trade to, and to the Indies allowed, 330, 331;

English ships arrive in Holland to join Dutch for attack on “flotta” of, 331;

grant by, of “sovereignty” to Dutch would lead to like demand by Provinces under the Archduke, 334;

Sir Henry Wotton's review of King James' conciliatory attitude to, 334 (p. 176);

the Dutch will accept no truce with, without (1) the India Navigation, (2) sole exercise of their religion, or reciprocal freedom of worship in Holland and Flanders, (3) “Sovereignty,” 340;

King James will not pledge himself to assist Dutch against, 340, 341,

assured of the Truce being made, 354 (p. 185);

preparations in, for war;

the whole of the year's “flotta treasure” to be so used;

the Constable to command, 356;

money sent from, for troops' pay, 365, 372, 375, 404, 406, 422, 430;

proposal to remove the Archdukes from Flanders, and put them in Portugal, favoured by the Council in, 356,

the Archdukes themselves prefer the same request, 415;

fresh Ambassador “Lieger” from, to France, appointed, 356, 365;

note of the value of the flotta, 357;

Thomas Morgan a refugee from justice in house of the Spanish Ambassador in Paris, 358, 365;

Holland favours peace with, Zealand war, 360, 393;

the “flotta” expected in Seville;

its cargo, 361;

supposed bribery by, of President Jeannin, 365;

Secretary Orchina sent from, to Paris, 365;

annoyance in, at discomfiture of the Grand Duke of Tuscany by the Turks, 369;

the Duke of Lerma bent upon an expedition “against the Ottoman” with view to his own investiture in territory conquered by, 369,

the Grand Duke of Tuscany incited by, to attack Cyprus, with promise of exchange against Spanish territory in Italy, 401, 405;

Spanish sugar ship captured by pirates off Gibraltar, and carried to Ireland, 373;

special mission from, and the Archdukes, to England, 378, 379, 386, 393, 396, 398, 400, 404,

denial by King James of significance attributed to it, 409, 435;

the modifications in terms of truce between, and Dutch, as proposed by the French and English Commissioners, demanded by the latter, 384;

Don Pedro di Toledo's instructions, and secret designs of, betrayed to Henry IV by the Papal Nuncio, 385;

refusal of, to “treat the States as Sovereign Princes,” 386,

encouraged by King James' offer of intervention, 387, 391;

flotta” arrives in, 387;

fitting out galleons, under Sir Anthony Sherley, to attack pirates at Algiers, 392;

concession by, of “sovereignty” to the Dutch opposed in the Council of, by the Duke of Ossuna, 393;

King James' fear of an understanding between, and France, being reached, 396;

(1609), Brizuela arrives in, 397,

expectation in the Netherlands of good result of his negotiation, 398;

text of terms of truce with, accepted by Dutch, 399;

supposed design of, in conjunction with France, to conquer England, and confer crown of, on Grand Duke of Tuscany, 403, 423, 442;

money consigned to Ambassador of, in England, for purposes of bribery, 404;

son of the Viceroy of Sicily captured by pirates off Valencia, 406,

off Majorca, 408,

the outrage may stir, to action, 414,

particulars of it, 415;

death sentence for a police assault in, 415;

courier sent from to King James, to thank for good offices, and persuade him that it is against his interest that the Dutch should have the India Navigation, 422;

Dutch decide to accept a ten years' truce with, 426;

Brizuela leaves, with necessary powers, 428, 437, 444;

money from, reaches Flanders, in time to avert mutiny of garrisons, 430;

Venice advised to secure herself against, by alliance with France, England and the Dutch, 436;

Don Pedro di Toledo recalled to, 437;

the King and the Duke of Lerma decide in favour of truce, against advice of Council, 437;

reported reservations by, re “sovereignty” and India Navigation 444, 446,

sovereignty conceded, 449;

Irish, on account of religion, more inclined to, than to their lawful Sovereign, 444, 599;

protest by, against the English colonization of Virginia, 449, 466;

“every nation has its eye” on the Indies, to break the “absolute possession” of those parts by Spain, 449;

speculations as to reasons inducing, to grant “sovereignty” to the Dutch;

lack of money, or other schemes, 452;

preparations in, for some naval enterprise, to follow the truce;

loan taken up from the Fuggers, 461;

development of the English East Indian trade consequent on peace with, 466;

French settlers in the West Indies annihilated by;

fears for the same end to the settlement of Virginia, 466;

Truce with, accepted by the Dutch: the India Navigation guaranteed to the Dutch by France and England, 467,

to places not in Spanish occupation, 498;

Sir Henry Wotton's opinion that the truce was conceded by, from necessity, and not in order to embark on fresh adventure, 468 (p. 252);

precedence of Venice at the Court of, 470; cf. 404, 439;

terms of Truce between, and the Dutch, 471;

watch kept in, for pirate known to have left England, 472;

Henry IV warns, off Cleves, 473;

fleet of, to engage 30 sail of pirates in the Straits, 489;

the truce not expected in, to endure;

it will make the “loyal provinces” jealous and discontented to remain subjects, 498;

the Duke of Lerma delighted with the truce, as enabling him to apply the forces of the kingdom to his own ends, 498;

galleys of, concentrating at Naples, for defence against the Turk;

or to “attack the Ottoman,” to carve out a kingdom for the Duke of Lerma, in the Levant, rather than in Africa, where previous enterprises had failed, 499;

small response by, to the Archduke's requests for money to pay the troops;

Brizuela again sent to, 503, 539,

Brizuela brings money from, and the Ratification, 548;

application by Turkey to Venice for permission for the Moriscoes expelled from, to travel via Venice to Constantinople, 505, 595, 596,

to France, 712;

new Ambassador in ordinary from, to England, appointed, 508, 539, 780;

reasons for a Spanish enterprise in Africa rather than in Italy;

position of, in Italy, as regards Venice, 518;

“bad condition of the Spanish in Flanders,” renders the ratification of the truce certain, 532;

the Earl of Tyrone forbidden to go to, 560;

the Archduke's garrisons are all Spanish;

Dutch annoyance;

they wish all foreigners had been excluded by the truce, 564 (p. 308);

“bad blood waxing” between, and England;

claims of, in England, attended to;

English claims neglected in Madrid: English Ambassador recalled, 569;

ships sail for, built for the King, at Dunquerque, 600, 665;

trade of, with Dunquerque, 600;

representations by, to King James, re the Cleves succession, 600;

English vessel with colonists for Virginia captured by the Spanish;

the money on board “stamped as Spanish coin,” 617 (cf. 725);

the Truce to be notified by, in conjunction with the Dutch, in the East Indies, 617, 641;

fleet of, destroys Ward's ships at Goletta;

French ships burnt;

alleged reprisal for “the affair of the Aragon frontier,” 628;

suspicion in, that the dispatch by Venice of an Ambassador-Extraordinary to England, is concerned with an alliance between the Republic, England and France, 638;

journey through, of the Count of Neuburg, 641;

Spanish in the service of the Archdukes find it difficult to get away from Flanders, 650;

the Duke of Savoy invites Henry IV to declare war on;

the Spanish to be expelled from Milan, where their garrisons are reduced, &c.;

the French accept, 657, 694, 758;

Marquis Spinola going to, 658, 785,

his journey to, postponed, 836;

Dantziger, the pirate, captures a great galleon, of the treasure fleet (flotta) “in the very harbour of Seville,” 663, 712,

protest by, to Henry IV, 712, 724,

without result, 759,

indignation in, 780;

false coin introduced into, by English ships, 663;

information as to the conspiracy of the Moriscoes reaches, from England, the Moriscoes having ventured to confer with the English, as Protestants, who betrayed them, 674;

no Spanish engaged for the Archduke Leopold's army, 678;

the Earl of Tyrone's debts paid by, 681;

copy of the order for the expulsion from, of Moors and Moriscoes, 683,

English interest in the expulsion, 685;

Moorish representations against, at the Hague;

the States General unwilling to risk the truce with, 685;

numbers of Moors cross from, to Africa, willingly;

the departure of the rest will leave large tracts of country in, deserted, 693,

Ambassador of, in France, opposes the establishment of a Turkish Consulate at Marseilles for their relief, 712,

conveyed from Valencia to Oran by English ships, 712,

their sufferings, 718:

Spanish intrigues in El Arisch foiled by the Dutch, 712;

mission to, of Count Solz, to report the interview between the Archdukes Albert and Leopold, 717;

change of Venetian Ambassadors in, 737a., 741, 829, 839;

(1610), supposed orders from, to the Archdukes, to make welcome the Prince of Condé, 750,

the Spanish Ambassador to the Archdukes receives him, 752,

the Prince reported to be going to, 785,

to be furnished with funds for the journey, 798;

“Spain's troubles with the Moors,” weigh in England, in the consideration of alliances, 763,

report on the expulsion, 780;

letter of Shah Abbas to Sir Anthony Sherley congratulating him on having obtained, by his intercession with King Philip, the command of Spanish bertons to “harry the Turk,” 773;

galleons of, at Messina, under Sir Anthony Sherley, 771, 772;

King James will always “have about him some to give him advice” in the interests of, 778,

Queen Anne in the Spanish interest;

will secure her son's marriage to the Infanta, 811;

soldiers leave Flanders for, discontented with half-pay, 778;

orders issued from, for reductions of soldiers' and servants' pay in Flanders, 779,

their disastrous effect on the army, 785;

the Council in, consent to the removal of Sir Anthony Sherley from his command in Sicily, 780;

no English Ambassador in, 780, 894;

Henry IV invites Venice to join him, and Savoy in attacking, in Milan;

he states that Spain is “in a state of extreme weakness,” 781, 864;

Ambassador from, to the Archdukes, goes to, to report, 785;

the French Ambassador's Majordomo, carrying despatches to France arrested near Madrid;

the despatches opened;

the excuse, connivance with Moriscoes escaping to France, 790;

galleons of, captured by English and Turks off Algiers, 790;

trade between Seville, and other places in, and London, prohibited on account of plague, or fear of trade rivalry, 794 and note, English protest, 803;

the Spanish Ambassador protests to Henry IV re Savoy, 798;

money consigned from, to Prague, and the Archduke Leopold, 801 (p. 432);

the Prince of Condé starts for, 813;

King James to find ships to prevent aid coming from, to the Archduke Leopold, 817;

relations of, to Venice, hitherto determined by Spanish needs in Flanders;

the opportunity favourable for Venice to render her position secure against, 818;

nature of the coalition against, 818,

and against the House of Austria, 832:

the main support of the Archduke Leopold in Juliers drawn from, 822, 894;

inclination in England, to take advantage of French suspicion and anger to crush, 826;

Embassy from, at Turin, 838;

the French Ambassador informs Pope that the shelter extended to the Prince of Condé is good cause for war with, 845;

Henry IV informs the Spanish Ambassador that “to receive the Prince of Condé was a hostile act,” and that he would double the armaments complained of, 852;

King James does not believe that the Duke of Savoy really prefers France to, 856;

scheme for joint English and Dutch attack on, in the Indies, 857;

the Moriscoes on the frontiers of, to receive French support, 864;

the Dutch about to decide whether they will declare war on, openly, or only assist the “Possessioners,” 865;

Spanish offers to the Duke of Savoy, to secure his loyalty, increased, 867;

Germans, Swiss, Lombards and Neapolitans being raised by, for the defence of Milan, 867;

Ministers in, notified by the French Ambassador “that they need fear no hurt” from his Master, if they cease to protect the Prince of Condé, but if they continue to protect and furnish him with money, “his Master is resolved to put out his whole might in order to have the Prince in his hands,” 869;

Spanish in England dislike honours paid to the Dutch Embassy, 875;

the Archduke Albert applies to, for funds to oppose the French, 875;

Marshal Lesdiguières declares that the injury done him in sheltering the Prince of Condé compels Henry IV to draw sword against, 879;

Henry IV “fully resolved on war with,” 883;

Papal Nuncio Extraordinary to, 884;

the “friendships fostered in every way” by their Ambassador in England, seem of little service, 894;

the Prince of Condé refused leave to go to, 895,

he would gladly escape from the Spaniards, is threatened by them, 902,

great hopes put on the Prince, by Spanish Ministers, they think of conveying him to Spain, 903;

Ambassador of, in Paris pursued with blows by Ambassador Foscarini, 905 and note, 910;

reported dispatch of money from, to the Archdukes 906;

Ambassador from, reaches England, brings chain for Sir Charles Cornwallis, 906,

antipathy to, proceeds to “make great chains of gold to bind” the King's ministers, 918;

the retiring Ambassador from, in England, doubts, on hearing of King Henry IV's murder, whether it would be safe for him to return home through France, 906;

Count Fuentes credited with having procured the murder of King Henry IV to save, 916;

the Spanish held, in England, to be the authors of the plot;

cannot conceal their joy at the King's death, 918;

reception of the news of the murder in, 925;

plan of King Henry IV for their expulsion from Italy, 929;

the concession by the Archduke Albert of free passage for French troops through his territories convinces the German Princes that there is no intention on the part of, to intervene in the affair of Cleves, 930, 937;

“the Spanish to shake off the charge of guilt, brought by the world at large” against them, accuse the Prince of Condé, and the Huguenots, of the murder of King Henry IV, 932;

busily expelling the Moriscoes from;

many gentlemen deplore the agricultural loss, 932;

a gentleman arrives in disguise in, from the Prince of Condé, to arrange a rising in Languedoc and the Prince's journey to, 932;

“an old design of the Spanish,” to build a fort at Braccio di Maino, 940;

fear less Spinola may operate against Cleves under orders from, independently of the Archduke Albert, 947;

goods of an English merchant arbitrarily seized at Seville;

demand for the issue of Letters of Marque against, 954;

the Duke of Savoy sends an Ambassador to urge the Venetians to attack, in the Milanese, 960.

-, King of. See Philip III.

Spalato, Archbishop of. See Dominis.

“Spelegato”. See Ships.

Spencer, Sir John, knight, Lord Mayor of London, “the merchant Spencer,” his daughter married to Lord Compton, 838 and note.

-, Sir Richard, knight, appointed commissioner to peace conference in Holland, 36 and note;

his departure delayed, 43, 44,

calls on French Ambassador, 50;

departure still postponed, 52,


nature of his instructions, 57;

Dutch appeal to, 82;

Dutch propose an English alliance to, 126;

his intervention requested by the Archduke, 161;

his limited powers, 175, 203,

enlarged, 228;

reluctant to negotiate further, 324;

begs his recall, 346,

bidden to stay on, 360,

returns home with present, 548.

-, Sir Robert, knight, Lord Spencer, conducts Ambassador Contarini to audience, 792.

Spice-ship, arrives in Flanders, 8.

“Spinola”. See Ships.

Spinola, Ambrose, Marquis of Benaffro, Duke of Santa Severina, “Marquis Spinola,” Spanish complaints against, re favourable terms awarded by Archduke to Dutch, 1;

superseded, in Flanders, by Don Diego d'Ybarra, 25;

his secretary brings ratification of truce, and orders for recall of Don Diego, 42;

suppresses a mutiny, 134,

averts one, 378;

Flemings resent his appointment, as a foreigner, to be chief representative of the Archduke at the Peace Conference, 161;

leaves for the Hague, 168,

dissatisfied with his reception there, 171;

met by Count Maurice outside city, 175;

refuses obstinately to sanction Dutch East India trade, 190;

leaves the Hague;

information of his departure given by his brother-in-law, the Prince di Lando, 227;

proposes to visit England, money sent in advance, 234;

not welcomed there;

his supposed cognisance of the Gunpowder Plot, 239;

fosters the internal jealousies of the Dutch;

talks of fetching the King's assent from Spain, 269;

bribes Barne-veld in Spanish interests, 272;

ordered to quit the Hague;

stays on, 319,

and opens, by means of French Commissioners, “fresh negotiations for a twelve years' truce,” 324,

a twenty years' truce, proposed to;

a seven years' truce accepted by, 330;

given a fixed time to produce authority from Spain to treat for truce;

it expires, 340;

reaches Antwerp, and goes through to Brussels, 342;

leaves the Hague;

Peace Congress suspended, 345, 346;

gentlemen from the Spanish Embassy in England cross over to, 345;

his preacher, Don Ascanio Spinola, 430;

goes to Antwerp for the Truce Congress, 439, 449;

declaration by, re the India Navigation, 478;

disbanding of troops left to, 539;

going to Spain, his place to be taken by Don Luis de Velasco, 658,

report that the Prince of Condé will accompany, 785,

his journey postponed, 836;

goes to Dunkirk to dispatch ships built there to Spain, 665,

considers the question of excavating the harbour, 700;

welcomes the Prince of Condé to Brussels, 750, 752,

gives féte in his honour, 774 (p. 415) and note;

ordered to protect the Prince, and furnish funds for his journey to Spain, 798;

his secretary conducts the Prince to Milan, 825 note, 884;

Count Fuentes unfolds his difficulties to, touching the defence of Milan, 826;

will dispute the passage of French troops through the Archduke's territory, 852;

the Prince of Condé confides in, 876;

troops under, cannot be put in the field, for fear of mutiny for arrears of pay, 897 note;

to go to general muster at Luxembourg, 897;

fear lest he may operate against Cleves, independently of the Archduke Albert, under Spanish orders, 947.

-, Cardinal, Papal Legate at Ferrara, interview between, and Sir Anthony Sherley, 249.

-, Don Ascanio, pp. xviii, xix, renegade priest in England, 430, 714.

Sprechi, Pompeo, druggist [of Venice], 453.

Stach, Samuel, master of the “Resistance,” 418.

Stag hunting in England, 511, 513.

Standen, Sir Anthony, knight, at Rome, 243 note;

invites Lord Harington's son to Rome, 407 note.

Stanello, Nicolo, deposition by, 630.

Stanford, co. Northampton, 812 note.

Stanhope, John, knight, Lord Stanhope of Harrington, Vice-Chamberlain to the King, with Duke of York, at Court, 174.

Stanley, Captain [William], in command of English Regiment for the Archduke, killed, 381 (p. 200). See Rheinberg.

Stara, 469.

State Papers, Domestic, Calendar of, cited in notes to, p. xli;

14, 25, 37, 50, 78, 117, 141, 154, 190, 215, 237, 240, 291, 319, 320, 360, 373, 374, 381, 386, 393, 426, 431, 444, 449, 463, 477, 497, 511, 527, 536, 539, 546, 575, 594, 693, 727, 728, 734, 744, 838, 854, 883.

-, Ireland, Calendar of, cited in notes to, 123, 241, 248, 261, 263, 267, 268, 291, 292, 320, 323, 363, 400, 407, 415, 438, 444, 449, 734, 778.

-, Venetian, Calendar of, cited in notes to, 13, 335, 468, 505.

-, Carew Calendar, cited in note to, 444.

States of the Church, flight to, of criminals, 101, 134;

plot to decoy Lord Cranborne to, 727.

Staunton, Richard, Master of the “Susan,” 418.

Stella. See Ships.

Stephen, “Bogdan,” Prince of Moldavia, and Pretender to the Throne, account of, p. xvii;

arrives in England, 50;

received in audience by King James, 93;

leaves England, with letters from King, 117;

at Constantinople, more like to lose his life, than win the Princedom, 281;

supported by Ambassador Glover “as Bogdano,” 352a., 447,

Polish annoyance, 591;

his supporters sheltered at the English Embassy, fury of the Grand Vizier, 609,

Polish complaints in England, 611;

account of his negotiations in England, and his suit for the Lady Arabella, 774 and note,

a comedy alluding to, suppressed, 794.

Stewart, Sir James, K.B., Master of Blantyre, killed in duel by Sir George Wharton, 719.

Stock, Stephen, to supply Pope with munitions of war, 132, 165.

Straits, The. See Gibraltar.

Stratico, “Vocabolario di Marina,” cited, 391 note.

Strivali, the “Corsaletta” arrested in Turkish waters beyond, 468.

Strozzi, Messrs. Lorenzo and Alessandro, 635 (p. 351), 821 (p. 445);

Messrs. Emolo, Leon and Alfonso, 854.

Stuart, Arabella, “The Lady Arabella,” her jewels, 154 note;

befriends the Venetian Ambassador in his struggle for precedence, 443;

becomes a Roman Catholic, 714, 752;

arrested on a suspicion of flight, with Sir George Douglas;

examined by the Council;

her grievances;

is released, 752;

confined to her own rooms;

her maid in prison, for rebuking the Council, 763;

denies that she has become a Roman Catholic;

her troubles due to negotiations, with the King's consent, for her marriage with Stephen Bogdan of Moldavia, 774,

a comedy alluding to, suppressed, 794;

great dislike of King James to her proposed marriage to William Seymour, 803,

he prohibits it, 813;

further increase of her income by grant of the wine and spirit licence in Ireland, 838 and note.

-, James, Earl of Moray, Regent of Scotland, the heirs of his murderer reinstated in confiscated property, 555.

-, Ludovic, Duke of Lennox, High Admiral of Scotland, appointed the “King's Lieutenant,” in Scotland, 37;

reports opening of Scots Parliament, and opposition therein to Union, 52;

returns, having dismissed Parliament, reports to King, that so far as Scotland is concerned the Union will pass, 71;

expected from Scotland with news of attitude of Parliament there to Union, 102,

arrives, 141;

arrests stolen cargo of wine, 373, 443;

Venetian Ambassador appeals to, re the precedence of the Republic, 443, 455, 460; challenged by Viscount Haddington, 444;

entertains the representatives of Ambassador Correr, 588;

with the King at Wanstead, 635;

to support the Prince of Wales in a tourney, 744;

sent by the King to visit Ambassador Correr, 752.

Suara, Don Diego de. See Ybarra, d'.

Subaggi, Subasci, or Podestà, 705 and note.

Suda, Suda bay in Crete, 416, 766.

Sugar, imported to England direct from Brazil claimed by Spanish as contraband, 73, 456;

duty on, 379;

ships with, bound for Holland, taken by English pirates, 457;

stolen from French ship, sent from Barbary by English pirates for sale in England;

claimed by French Ambassador 503. See also Trade.

Suicard, John, Elector Archbishop of Mainz, Ambassador Giustinian fails to meet, 421;

Francesco Contarini accredited to, 654.

Sully, Duc de. See Béthune.

Sully, “Memoires,” cited in note to, p. xii, 725, 798, 813, 819.

Sundridge, letter dated at, p. xxxvi note.

Surian, Christopher, Secretary of the Venetian Embassy in England, 777, 837.

Susa, Marshal Lesdiguières and the Duke of Savoy to meet near, 863,

at, 867,

near, 892.

“Susan”. See Ships.

Sweden, dispute between, and Denmark, 497, 503;

recruiting in England for, 525;

King James' book to be sent to, 539, 548.

-, King of. See Charles IX.

Switzerland, passage through, of the Earl of Tyrone, from Brussels to Milan;

horse with money lost there, in snow, 213;

mission to, from Grand Duke of Tuscany, 296;

Swiss in Dutch service, paid higher than other troops, 485;

King's book to be sent to, 536, 539,

not to be sent, as “this Crown has never written to that nation,” 548;

the Pope's Swiss, 594;

Swiss to be raised for Henry IV, 788, 820, 852, 879;

attempts to intercept the Prince of Condé in, 819;

Swiss to be raised by Spain for the defence of Milan, 851, 867;

three thousand of the Swiss raised for Henry IV, to be called the “Adventurers,” 852;

the Duc de Rohan leaves, to review and muster Swiss at St. Jean de Losne, 853;

the Prince of Condé guarded by Swiss, at Milan, 864;

the Archduke Albert gives leave for Swiss to pass through his territory from France to Cleves. 897.

Syracuse, Sir Anthony Sherley going to, 809;

English ship puts into, after fight with pirates, 894 (p. 481).

Syria, native of Vicenza to serve in, 83;

Venetian merchantmen to proceed to, under convoy only, 172, 173, per la muda, 747;

another “corsair” joins Ward to plunder shipping in, 189;

English and Venetian trade to, 200, p. 122;

silk and indigo imported to England from, 393;

rapid passage of English ship from, home;

nature of cargo brought from, 497, 525;

pirates and stolen goods protected at French Consulate in, 532;

English ships sail for, 774 (p. 415);

silk trade of, in the hands of the Venetians, 886, 921.

-, See also Aleppo;


Syrian Squadron (Venetian), Captain of. See Memmo.