Index: S

Pages 662-673

Calendar of State Papers Relating To English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 12, 1610-1613. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1905.

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Sabionettá, proposed purchase of, by Savoy, 836.

Sacca di Goro, 534, 585.

Sackville, Richard, Earl of Dorset, receives Ambassador Zuñiga, 578.

Saetta, 121, 145, 146, 872.

Sagredo, Venetian Consul in Syria, 37, 53,

his extraordinary qualities, 276,

his views endorsed by Pindar, 316: appointment of his successor, 412.

-, Nicolò, ex-Governor of Crete, 9, 42, 45, 71, 73;

“Procurator Sagredo,” 380.

St. Albans, King at, 594.

St. Cecilia, Cardinal of. See Sfondrati, Paul Emilius.

Saint Esprit, knight of, 387.

St. Gertrundenberg, Correr at, 292.

-, Governor of. See Cassel, Baron of.

St. Iago, Cross of, bestowed in Flanders, 833.

St. James' Palace, 698;

lying in state at, 727.

St. Jean d'Angely, 668, 709, 728.

St. Jean Morienne, Bishop of, 154.

Saint-Lary, Roger de, duc de Bellegarde, Grand Ecuyer, to be sent on special mission to Spain, 58.

St. Malo, 872 (p. 562.)

Salagnac, Baron de. See Gontaut, Jean de.

Salisbury, King going to, on progress, 250, 296,

Gowrie Plot celebrations at, 309, 315.

-, Earl of. See Cecil, Robert.

-, “Viscount” of. See Cecil, William.

Salm Grumbach, Criembach, Ernst Ludwig, Margrave of, 732.

Salme. See Weights and measures.

Salò, Venetian order to, 288, 289.

Salonica, 757.

Salt, duty on, in Bavaria, 293. See Trade.

Salto, Francesco de, son of Diego, Spanish renegade, taken in act of piracy, 872.

Saltpans, the, Zante, 819.

Saluzzo, 839.

Salviati, Vincenzo, Tuscan Ambassador to England, his mission alluded to, 34.

Salzburg, Archbishop of, quarrels with the Duke of Bavaria over salt tax, 293.

San Damiano, bombarded by the Duke of Savoy, 871.

San Germano, Marquisate of, 841.

San Lorenzo, in Africa, 822.

San Lucar, Spanish squadron at, 290.

San Lucca, 743.

San Miniato, Fortress of, Church of San Francesco at, 317.

San Sebastian, 740.

Sanci, Sancy, M. de. See Harlay.

Sandoval y Roxas, Francis, Duke of Lerma, shares gold of flotta with King, 80;

receives Sir John Digby, 269, 283, 306, 315, 334;

promises satisfaction to England touching certain ships, 341,

to Dutch touching Ternate, 342;

his instructions re offer of the Infanta, to the Ambassador in England, 352,

the Ambassador's simulated anger at the deceit, p. viii, 355, 357, 361, 370, 428;

Dig-by's account of his negotiations with, 390,

Foscarini's, 398;

letters of his produced by the Ambassador of Savoy to King James, touching the Pope's consent to the marriage of the Prince of Piedmont in England, 410,

and touching marriage of the King of Spain to the Princess Elizabeth, 419;

Digby's interview with, 427;

he rewards the Ambassador in England, 427;

devises the matches between the Royal Houses of France and Spain, to secure peace, the better to enrich himself, pursuing an aggressive policy in Italy only, 430;

Ambassador in England continues to blame, 446;

excuses naval preparations to King James, 812,

and interference with English Consular appointment, 870.

Sanjak of the Morea, 121,

of Pistrina, 445,

of Brusa, 47.

Sanson, —, English pirate, 872.

Santa Cruz, Marquis of, Admiral of the Neapolitan fleet, 757.

Santa Maura, 393, 458.

Santorin, 145.

Sapienza, Island of, off Messenia, wreck of Ward's vessel off, 120;

Venetian ship taken by pirates off, 395, 401.

Sardinia, 760.

Sarmiento d'Acuna, Don Diego di [Count of Gondomar], appointed Ambassador (Lieger) from Spain to England, 590,

his departure delayed, 710,

appointed President or Assistant in Seville, 720,

ordered to proceed to England, 778, 796.

Sarpi, Peter, “Father Paul,” Venetian Servite Friar, his colleague burned at Rome, 1 note, 53 note.

Sasina, capture by pirates off, 393.

Sassello, affair of, 358, 362, 399;

protest by the Duke of Savoy against Spanish occupation of, 403.

Satin. See Trade.

Sauli, Antonio Maria, Cardinal, (Archbishop of Genoa), 574.

Saumur, the “Mysterium iniquitatis” printed at, 336.

-, Huguenot Assembly at, 254, 259, 267, 270, 272, 275, 277, 283, 295, 300, 309, 310, 320, 334, 341, 342, 352, 353, 360, 378, 441.

Savari, François de, Sieur de Breves, French Ambassador in Rome, complaint to, by Pope, of treatment of Mariana, 20;

demands punishment of Jesuit who defended murder of Henry IV, 27;

Pope complains to, of Anglo-French alliance, 35;

comments to Pope on nature of replies to King James' book, 61.

Savile, Sir Henry, Provost of Eton, his edition of Chrysostom, 30 note.

Savoie, Henri de, Duc de Nemours, his engagement, 345,

his marriage, 417,

at tilting match, 557.

Savoy, Wotton in, 515.

-, House of, its royal marriages, 374;

Philip III of Spain will take daughter of, for second wife, 382, 388.

-, Cardinal of. See Maurice.

-, Duke of. See Charles Emanuel

-, Infanta Dowager of. See Gonzaga, Margaret.

-, Princes of. See Victor Amadeus;



-, Princess of. See Maria.

Saxony, Elector of. See Christian II;

John George.

-, House of, assembles at Dresden, 136.

-, “third brother of.” See Augustus of Saxony.

Scaramelli, —, “Moderante,” Secretary to the Venetian Embassy in France and in England, his appointment, to England, having served in France, 210;

removed for misconduct, 544, 571, 770 note.

-, -, -, vote for expenses of, 126.

Schiavo, Captain. See Shaw.

Schioppius. See Schopp, Gaspar.

Schonburg, Schomberg, Meinhard von, Grand Marshal of the Elector Palatine, his “Governor,” sent by the Evangelical Union to the United Provinces as their Agent, 480;

goes to Brussels, 491,

to England, 604 and note, 609, 612,

gives Foscarini information, 821,

its nature, 822, 833.

Schopp, Scioppius, Schioppius, Gaspar, book by, burnt by arrêt of Parliament of Paris, 715.

Scilly Isles, English pirates operate from, 296 note.

Scioppius. See Schopp, Gaspar.


(1610) King's lavishness to Scottish favourites resented by English Parliament, 11,

further grants to, 186, 204.

Scottish Jesuit in Prague, who defended the murder of Henry IV, dies suddenly, 27.

three men-of-war built in, 68.

arrest in, of pirate, Edward Bishop, 79,

of the pirate, John Gibbons, 111.

Scottish professor for University of Sedan, 125.

ancient Venetian relations with, 129.

universal hatred of Scots in England, revived by King's protection of Scottish Knight charged with murder of a bailiff, 153.

(1611) Scottish members of English Privy Council, 189, 204.

support French views for the marriages of the King's children, 202.

many Scots at Court, in quest of the places and fortune of Lord Dunbar, 202.

King's growing arbitrariness in governing;

he proposes to supersede Commissioners and appoint Council of Nine for, 204 and note.

Castelvetro had served King James in, formerly, 352.

pension paid by France to Prince Henry in, assigned to Duke of York, 358. See Scottish Guard.

the Union of, to England alluded to, 361.

Scottish troops recruited for Denmark, 372, 373, 387, 446.

(1612) David Colville, a Scot, book by, 459, 486.

Scots in French King's Scottish guard dismissed, English protest, 490, 560, 588, 602, 604, 625.

a Scottish gentleman of the Privy Chamber of King of Denmark, 497.

drought in, 612.

King decides to restore Episcopacy in;

the Duke of Lennox surrenders revenues of the See of St. Andrews, 613,

three bishoprics restored, 765.

(1613) vote by Scottish Parliament for marriage of the Princess, 765.

government of, in few hands;

Scots return to, from England, 765.

dispatch of troops from, to Ireland arranged, 786.

case of poor Scot in Venetian Courts, 839,

James Grieve, 846, 861.

Duke of Lennox requests command of Scottish Guard vice Prince Charles, 854.

-, Lord Chancellor of. See Seton, Alexander.

-, Lord Treasurer of. See Dunbar, Earl of.

-, Commissioner General of. See Dunbar, Earl of;

Cumberland, Earl of.

-, President of the Court of Session. See Elphinstone, James.

Scottish Guard in France, payment to the Duke of York, as Captain of, 334,

men refuse to muster till arrears are paid 341,

payment to be made, 353,

history of the payment, 358,

negotiations touching, 362,

King James satisfied, 372, 373, 400;

case of men dismissed from, 490, 560, 588, 602, 604, 625;

the Duke of Lennox to command vice Prince Charles, 854.

Seaton, Alexander. See Seton.

Sedan, Scottish professor for University of, 125;

the Duke of Bouillon at, for baptism of child, 353;

Minister of, submits to King James' award, 591;

the Palatine bred up at, 680.

Segari, Vivian Grasseti, English Consul in Canea, p. xxiv, 71, 72, 74, 77, 78.

Segna. See Zengg.

Selim, Sultan, his capture of Cyprus, 458.

Seripando, Father, a Neapolitan, a Jesuit, patron of English at Florence, 367.

Serpato, Mattio, 70.

Servin, Louis, King's Advocate General, 142,

“a liberal and frank personage,” 413.

Sethelia, Gulf of, 157.

Seton, Alexander, Lord Fyvie, Earl of Dumfermline, Lord Chancellor of Scotland, begs for Elphinstone's release, 125;

devises new form of government, with King, for Scotland, 204 and note;

house promisea to Queen for, given to Lord Rochester, 217;

intercedes for the Lady Arabella. 227.

Seville, English Consul at, 398 and note;

restrictions upon English residents in 428, 433;

ship of, discovers North-West passage, 492;

appointment of President in, 720,

of Assistant in, 778;

dispute as to consulate at, 870.

Seymour, Edward, Earl of Hertford, his grandson's marriage, similar to his own, 24.

-, William, knight, Lord Beauchamp, grandson of the Earl of Hertford, marries the Lady Arabella, denies it before the Council, consigned to the Tower, pp. xxv, xxvi, 24,

to remain there for life, 164,

a close prisoner, 172,

escapes, simultaneously with wife, 254, 255,

gets away to Ostend, 258,

request to France to arrest, 264,

to the Archdukes, 266, 270,

to Venice, 270,

Venetian reply, 285, 286, 287, 288, 289, 315,

Lord Salisbury's argument that he is a bastard, 270;

at Liége, 280, 315;

King James' gratification at Venetian readiness to arrest, 335,

his thanks, 339,

by letter, 350, 365, 380,

and word of mouth;

“seen openly at Paris,” 352.

Sfondrati, Paul Emilius, Cardinal of St. Cecila, 600, 606.

Sfondrato, Baron, Spanish Envoy to Savoy, 415.

Shaw, Schiavo, Captain, English pirate from Tunis, 872.

Sheers, Arthur, Agent of owners of the “Corsaletta,” pp. xxiii, xxiv, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 78

Sherbet, 724, 735.

Sherley, Sir Anthony, as “General of his Catholic Majesty in the Mediterranean,” seizes ship with Venetian goods, restoration claimed, p. xvii, 2, 8;

his supposed intrigue with Sir Thomas Glover, 386.

-, Sir Robert, Ambassador from Persia, leaves Madrid for England, to offer Persian silk-trade, in return for attack on Turk, 163 and note, 187, 257;

arrives in England, 302 (“Thomas Shirley”;), 324, 335,

Lewknor befriends, 352,

received in audience, makes favourable impression, 355,

his letters of credence translated, 365, 371,

opens his business, 387,

India Company and Turkey Company negotiate with, 400,

he returns to Persia, 578,

(“Sir Robert Sherley”;), 666, 767 and note,

in peril at sea, 782.

See pp. xvii, xviii.

Ships, “Balbiana,” capture of, alluded to, p. xx, 79.

-, “Bonaventure,” taken by pirates, 663 note

-, “Bonera,” English gunner from, taken by Turks, 307.

-, “Bonoma e Valnegrina,” Venetian, captured by pirates, 395.

-, “Colombo,” English convoy for, 482, 512.

-, “Concord,” taken by pirates, 663 note.

-, “Corsaletta,” Sir Henry Wotton restates English case concerning, pp xxii, xxiii, xxiv, 9,

Venetian reply, and papers concerning, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78;

Correr's representations concerning, to King, 79, 91, 111.

-, -, owner of. See Cordall, Thomas.

-, “Fenice,” sails from Lisbon for Venice, 778.

-, “Golden Lion,” fitted out in Tunis for piracy, 145.

-, “King David,” seized by Sir Anthony Sherley, 2, 8.

-, “Le Leon d'Or,” of St. Malo, taken by pirates, 872 (p. 562).

-, “Mariana,” plies from Zante to Venice, 203.

-, “Matthew,” trading from Venice, 508.

-, “Pigna,” homeward bound from Constantinople, 482, 512.

-, “Red Camel,” Dutch vessel, wrecked off England, with Venetian goods aboard;

law of “wreck” applicable to;

Correr's protest, pp. xxiv, xxv, 111, 115, 132, 155, 171, 186.

-, “Red Lion,” cut out of harbour of Leghorn, 420.

-, “Reniera e Soderina,” appeal to Parliament in case of, 11,

stopped by Correr by “adequate means,” 24,

intervention of Lord Salisbury, 29;

further application by Correr, 64,

he causes debtors to be more closely confined, 171,

with goods results, 186, 202, 205, 227, 235, 371.

-, “Royal Exchange,” chartered to convoy the Bailo home, 482, 512.

-, “Royal Prince,” added to British Navy, 68 and note.

-, “Soderina.” See “Reniera e Soderina.”;

-, “Tizzona,” sails from Zante, 421.

-, “Valnegrina,” Venetian, captured by Ward, p. xx, 458.

-, “Vidotta,” in danger from pirate at Coron, 406.

-, “White Lion,” at Zante, 279.

-, See also Bertons;











Shrewsbury, Earl of. See Talbot, Gilbert.

-, Lady. See Talbot, Mary.

Sicily, English sailors put to torture in, 111;

Spanish fleet sets out from, 358;

mentioned, 627.

-, Viceroy of, Venetian demand addressed to, re captured goods, 2, 8;

his sentence, in case of English ship, reversed on appeal in Spain, but ship not recovered, 111.

-, -. See Ossuna, Duke of;

Vigliena, Marquis of.

Sidan. King of Morocco. See Morocco.

Sifanto, Antonio da, master of ship, deposition by, 145.

Sigismund III, King of Poland:—

(1611), captures Moscow;

the oath taken to his son, 192.

his brother, John, Duke of East Gothland, married to daughter of King of Sweden, 192;

claims throne of Sweden, 387.

writes to King James to bid him stay the intrigues of Glover in Moldavia, 239;

his Ambassador in Turkey tries to secure person of Prince Stephen, 344;

King James dismisses Glover at his request, 405.

negotiation for marriage of his son to the Princess of Elizabeth, welcomed by King of Denmark, who desires to partition Sweden with, 365.

his Swedish descent, 372;

may claim throne, on death of King Charles IX, 387.

his incestuous marriage, 821.

Silesia, Crown of, 404.

Silly, François de, Comte de la Roche-Guyon (“Rocheguglion”;), to be sent on special mission to Venice, 58;

Ambassador designate (Count of “Rosafaglione”;) from France to Venice, 520.

Silva, Don Juan de, Viceroy of the Philippines, 604.

Silver, process for extracting from lead, 3.

Sinischi, Marshal, Hungarian, Governor of Grave, killed, 41.

Slingsby, Sir William, 3 note.

Sluys, Turkish slaves taken at, by Dutch, and released, 189.

Smiragliata, 69 and note.

Smolensk, besieged by Poles 192,

occupied by them, 302.

“Soderina.” See Ships.

Soissons, Count of. See Bourbon, Charles de.

Solms, John Albert, Count of, Steward of the Household of the Elector Palatine, in his suite in England, 821.

Somerset, Edward, Earl of Worcester, employed by King, 671.

Sophia, Queen-Dowager of Denmark, widow of Frederick II, living at Hamburg, Queen Anne's wish to visit, 284.

Sora, Count of, Ambassador from the Archduke Albert to Hungary, 353.

Soranzo, —, the Illustrious Chevalier, escorts English Ambassador, to present credentials, 129.

-, Girolamo, Venetian Ambassador in Spain, despatch from to Doge and Senate, in Spain, 39,

in Germany, 418, 426, 460, 478, 737.

-, -, instructions to, from Doge and Senate, 840.

-, Piero, report by, 526.

Sorbonne, the, 413, 453, 495.

Sound, the, passage of, 833,

shipping dues in, 848.

Southampton, Earl of. See Wriothesley, Henry.


(1610), Veteran troops of, under Spinola, at Maastricht, unpaid and mutinous, 10;

will not intervene in Cleves, though aiding Emperor by presence there, 24, 30, 34.

troops of, massing in Milan, against Savoy, 11, 24, 41, 53;

design to over awe not to attack the Duke, 64;

to be disbanded, 68.

renewal of war between, and the Dutch, a certainty, 12.

expulsion of Jesuits from, to follow that of the Moriscoes, 20.

Spanish interests advocated by the Prince of Condé;

Sully and Bouillon desire to keep, in check, 21.

Persian overtures to, pp. xvii, xviii, 39, 163, 187, 387, 777, 808.

King James depreciates designs of, 53.

special mission of, to France, to be returned;

the Grand Ecuyer to be sent, 58.

overtures to, by German Princes, at Congress of Cologne, 68.

influence of, in Poland, 79.

West India flotta reaches, 80;

measures to protect, 220.

alarm felt in Germany at massing of troops by, in Milan, 91, 112,

and at coalition between, the Emperor, and the League of Mainz, 115.

France will not allow the Duke of Savoy to succumb to, 109;

match promoted by, between the Duke's son, and the Princess Elizabeth of England, 111, 199.

judgment of the Viceroy of Sicily, touching English ship, reversed on appeal in;

the ship not recovered;

owners with permission of Privy Council seize Spanish ship in reprisal, 111: assurances of the Duke of Lerma, 341,

full satisfaction promised, 388, 398.

expected exp'anations by the Constable of Castile, sent Ambassador to England, of the armaments of, in Milan 132.

orders from, for troops in the Milanese to be disbanded;

the German contingent to cross the Alps, to aid of German Catholics;

part of a farreaching design for religious war, and aggrandisement of the House of Austria, 137, 151.

escaped Turkish slave from, 146.

the Archduke Albert refers to Duke of Saxony to, touching his request for assistance in Cleves, 151.

Spanish ship plundered off Brazil by Frenchman;

arrest in England;

question of rights “on the main seas,” 151,

“beyond the Equator,” 186, 870.

English anxiety as to destination of troops of, in the Milanese, 153, 172,

letter of King Philip, explaining reason of their disbanding, viz., the submission of the Duke of Savoy, 154;

the Duke's version of his submission, 200.

(1611), to hinder match between Savoy and France, would assent to match between the Prince of Piedmont and the Princess Elizabeth of England, 169, 181, 192.

English Embassy in, left vacant;

Sir John Digby appointed, 171 and note, 195 and note, 248 and note.

King James decides to ask for the eldest Infanta of, for the Prince of Wales, pp. vii, viii, 199, 202,

French opposition, 217,

Sir John Digby's mission to request, 269,

Spanish Ambassador in England silent on subject, 277,

Queen Anne approves, 280,

Digby reports interviews on subject, 283, 296, 306;

the Duke of Lerma announces that a dispensation will be applied for, 315;

Digby considers French negotiation too far advanced for his own to succeed, 321,

the conclusion of the French match announced, 325;

the Prince offered, not the eldest, but one of the other Infantas;

resentment in England, 334,

Spanish excuses, 341, 352,

French excuses, 353;

Spanish Ambassador states that he acted on instructions and that the eldest Infanta was meant, 355, 357, 358, 361;

Giustinian's version of the affair, 370;

Digby's protest, 388,

his account of affair, 390;

Spanish apologies and proposals, 398, 427, 590.

value to, of El Arisch, to molest Dutch trade, 188,

against piracy, 324.

France holds balance between, and the new confederation of the Evangelical Union, England, Denmark and Dutch, 174.

English irritation against, enflamed by Don Pedro de Zuñiga, affects decision of Admiralty Court, 186;

he reports the inefficacy of his bribes, 202.

denies complicity in military preparations of the Duke of Savoy, 189,

which the Duke states are designed against, 200, 215.

negotiations between the Dutch and Turkey directed against, 189.

money sent from, to be distributed in presents in England, 202.

galleons of, commissioned against pirates, 220, 290.

a Dutch Agent, Rodenberg, sent to, to claim redress for ships captured by, with threat of reprisals;

the Archduke Albert backs, 221;

failure of his mission;

Dutch vessels fitted out against, 324,

effects in, of threat, 342,

vessels to sail, 400.

Matthias supported by, against the Emperor, 235.

combined action against, of the King of Morocco and the Viceroy of Algiers, 254,

with Dutch aid, 276, 284.

intended flight to, of the Lady Arabella, 258,

of William Seymour, 270, 280.

Embassy from, to Turkey, opposed by French and English, 273.

harbour of Ma'amura blocked by, 284, 290, 305, 310,

but badly, 321, 324, 510.

steps taken by, to convert the truce with the Dutch into a peace, 281, 283;

disintegrating effect of the truce on the United Provinces, 292, 302;

proposal made, 310,

rejected, 324;

renewed by intermediary, the Queen-Regent of France, 432.

backs election of the Archduke Leopold as King of the Romans, with intent to marry him to the eldest Infanta, 284,

supports the candidature of Matthias, 335,

of the Archduke Albert, 361,

of Matthias, 373, 400.

considers how Gibralter may be defended against the Dutch, 305.

forces of, offered to the Queen-Regent of France, against the Huguenots, 309.

fears in, for East Indian ships, from activity of pirates, 338.

the Infanta barred from the succession in, by decree and agreement, when betrothed to Louis XIII, 341, 553.

the Comte de Bucquoi sent to, by the Archduke Albert, to raise money, 361.

the Marquis of Lancester represents, at Brussels, 353,

to secure the election of the Archduke Albert, as King of the Romans, 361.

Villeroy attacked by King James as the friend of, 358.

on verge or war with England after episode of the Infantas, 357,

the advantage to England of such a war, 361, 398, 480, 492.

Sassello coveted by, 358, 362, 399,

occupied by, 403,

taken from the Genoese. 430.

fleet of, puts out from Sicily, 358.

relations between, and Ragusa, 358.

distribution of bribes by, in England, will be resumed;

attitude of King James, 361, 398;

Zuñiga distributes, 594.

misfortune to flotta of, at Djerbe, 372.

desires to conduct the matrimonial negotiations of the Duke of Savoy, 374.

the death of the Duke of Orleans, still further inclines the Queen-Regent to Spanish matches, 377.

Sir Thomas Glover charged with subservience to, 386.

offensive and defensive alliance will follow matrimonial alliance between, and France;

Protestant forces arrayed against, 390, 430, 437, 491, 547, 662;

terms of the treaty with France, 619,

amount of dower, 624.

Savoyard Ambassadors to, dismissed, 390, 403;

reconciliation between, and the Duke, the Ambassadors recalled, 427, 433, 434, 462.

proposed special English Embassy to, to condole on Queen's death, 398 and note.

Duke of Savoy deals with foreign powers to disadvantage of;

displeasure of King Philip, 403.

(1612), election of King of the Romans pressed on by, 409;

will support the Archduke Ferdinand in succession to Matthias, 417.

English claims against, reprisals threatened, 416,

Spanish promises of redress, and counterclaims, 427,

discussed in Council with the Spanish Ambassador, 433,

satisfaction offered, 480;

actual reprisals by Englishman, 590, 595, 663, 720, 732, 764.

Dutch descent on place in Brazil, slaughter of Spanish garrison, 428.

English in Seville forbidden to own their dwellings or to live together;

non-Catholic English excluded from courts as witnesses, 428;

rule excused on ground of false money circulated by them, 433.

policy of, under the Duke of Lerma's guidance, peaceful, tempered by aggression against the weak in Italy, 430;

French policy to keep, in check, 430, 469.

sole condition imposed by, as condition of peace with Dutch, the allowing of one Catholic Church in each principal town;

negotiation opened through French Ambassador, 432, 442, 443, 446,

by Spinola, 473, 480;

Dutch bent on war, 492;

matter post poned, 498;

the Duke of Bouillon to advocate with King James, 501;

Dutch attitude, 502, 503, 520;

complaint by Spain of French apathy in matter, 635,

proposal pressed, 848.

publication in French Council of double marriage with, 434, 494,

desired by, to facilitate policy of, in Germany, 517.

Spanish fleet off coast of, requires Dutch vessels to dip their standard, and is attacked with loss, 439, 443.

the Duke of Bouillon sold to, 441,

he declaims against, in England, 529,

King James considers the Duke hoodwinked by, 547.

not bound by any pledges made to Dutch, as “rebellious subjects,” view supported by Ambassador of, in England, 442.

troops shipped from, to Dunkerque;

preference of King Philip for Spanish infantry 442, 446.

the Coadjutor of Cologne secured by, 443;

determined to keep the Imperial dignity in House of Austria, 483.

English discontent with;

unpopularity in London of Spanish Ambassador, 446,

war with, desired, 492, 595, 629, 663, 764.

hopes in England of rivalling trade of, with the Indies, by new route, 446, 492, 534, 647.

precedence of Venetian Ambassadors in, 455, 461.

Ambassadors from, to France, to ratify marriages, 462,

the Marquess Spinola, and Don Rodriquez de Calderon, 469,

the latter accredited to the Archduke Albert, the former to Germany, 469, 480, 483.

proposed League of, with France, the Pope and Florence, 473,

Venetian anxiety touching, 474, 475, 494, 502, 524, 538, 547;

Saxony and the Emperor to join, 610.

Vorstius supported by, 473.

special embassy from, of Don Pedro de Zuñiga, to England, his instructions, 480, 485,

to offer the second Infanta to the Prince of Wales, 501,

to appear to act with the Duke of Bouillon, 516,

unacceptable to King James as neither Duke nor Grandee, 524;

excuses to be made by, at Velasco's expense, 529.

troops of, in Flanders, unpaid and ready to mutiny;

hence desire of, for peace, 483.

dislike of, to Evangelical Union in confederation with England, 491.

English pirates off, decline pardon offered by King James, 492, 529, 534.

attempt by, to bribe the Elector of Saxony, 498, 678,

to secure vote for the Coadjutor of Cologne, 503;

defeated, 568.

Prince Filiberto appointed “General of the Sea” for, 510.

French policy in the Grisons leads, to construct Fort Fuentes, 513;

reversal of French policy secured by, 518,

with free passage for Spanish troops, 520, 547, 613, 839.

future revolt from, of Flanders, reckoned upon by the Dutch, 520.

the Ragusans would prefer to become Spanish subjects to submitting to the Turk, 537.

courtesy shewn in Spanish ports to the Dutch fleet, 540.

patronage by, of Italian Princes, 540, 548.

Sir Henry Wotton's estimate of influence of, with King James, 542, 551.

Moors, out of hatred of, assist the Dutch at Constantinople 569.

absolute masters in the Persian Gulf, 578.

the Pope encouraged by, to refuse dispensation for Tuscan match with England, 579.

Lord Salisbury's death pleases, 582.

Sarmiento appointed Ambassador (Lieger) from, to England, 590, 710, 720,

his instructions, 778.

slight offered in, to the Duke of Mayenne, 591.

bribery by, in England, 594.

embassy from, of Zuñiga, to protest against colonization of Virginia, and quest of the North West Passage;

to require surrender of strong places in Netherlands;

to request the hand of the Princess for King Philip, 594, 604, 608, 647, 649, 657, 663, 665, 671, 714.

in treaty to buy up the claims of Saxony in Cleves, 604;

the Duke inclines to the Austrians,” 609.

Dutch vessels siezed by, in the Philippines, 604.

the Duke of Mayenne's attendants attack Spaniards, 604;

person of importance killed by French, 613.

proposed loan by, to the Dutch, to redeem Flushing, 609.

renewed intrigues of, in Ireland, feared, 614, 728, 732, 734.

Dutch designs against, in the East Indies, 635, 659, 684, 740, 812, 816, 822, 826, 833, 838, 848, 855, 859,

Peter Eston's, 663.

declines to permit Anglo-Tuscan marriage;

or marriage between Savoy and England, 664, 688, 720.

Ambassador of, in Venice, shelters bandits;

demands release of Cardosa accused of designs against the Senate, 682, 683, 717, 720.

troops of, to enforce the Imperial ban, re Mühlheim, 684, 721, 732.

fresh peace proposals by, to the Dutch, 684.

attempt by, on the Palatine's life, 684.

satisfaction, of, at the death of the Prince of Wales, 698;

the second Infanta suggested for the Duke of York, 698, 742.

alleged to have promoted Tuscan marriage negotiations in England, to upset French, 714.

offers France a defensive alliance, 714.

ill administration of finances in, 720.

threatens English colony in Virginia, 728, 732,

fleet prepared for, or Ireland, 734, 758,

or the Bermudas, 740,

Anglo-Dutch co-operation against, 758,

English counter preparations, 764, 782, 786, 787,

Spanish explanations, 812, 859.

(1613), opposition of, to English match for the Princess Christine of France;

counts on his wife's influence with Louis XIII, 749.

design in, to upset match of the Palatine with the Princess Elizabeth by securing her marriage to King Philip, 766,

abandoned, 778.

ships fitted out by, at Lisbon, to destroy English settlement in the Philippines, 778,

Dutch offer to England of assistance against, 822.

question of Turko-Dutch alliance against, 795, 801, 815, 822.

verses against, openly sold in England, 796,

Ambassador complains, 801, 812.

envoy from, to Persia, appointed, 808.

Jesuits propose to open semin ary in, for English Catholics, 808,

Duke of Lerma prohibits, 812.

Agent from, in Denmark, 817, 833,

the embassy returned, 843, 848.

disputes arise between, and France, 826.

money, pensions and orders distributed by, in Flanders, 833.

attitude of, to attack by the Duke of Savoy on Mantua, 836, 838, 840, 841, 843, 847, 856, 871.

offer by, to Venice, of assistance against the Turk, 843.

the Prince of Piedmont goes to, 856.

interference by King Philip with English Consular appointments in, in favour of Catholics;

anger of King James;

apologies by, 870.

Spanish ships, plundered by French “outside the line,” adjudged lawful prize in England, 870. See 151.

-, King of. See Philip II;

Philip III.

-, Papal Nuncio in. See Damascus, Archbishop of.

-, Prince of. See Philip.

Spanish Ambassador in Paris, letters from an Englishman in household of, to English lord, secured by Edmondes, 18.

-, Armada alluded to, 764;

defeat of, depicted in tapestry, 775;

verses on, 796.

Spanish Plot of 1618, 152 note.

Spencer, Sir James, knight, English Commissioner in Sweden, p. xxix, 789 note.

Speyers. See Spires.

Spifame, Samuel, Seigneur des Bisseaux, Conseiller au Parlement et Conseiller d'Etat, French Ambassador to England, arrives, 181;

courriers coming for, 186;

insults the Savoyard Ambassador, on pretext that he had called first on the Ambassador of Spain, 199, 214;

recommends French match for the Prince of Wales, and the Count Palatine for the Princess, 202;

representations to, re Mass in Embassy Houses, 205;

M. de Vitry not lodged with;

keeps King informed of French negotiations wth Savoy, 217;

welcomes Ambassador Foscarini, 226;

express arrives for, 250,

with news of Huguenot Assembly, which he communicates to Foscarini, “a friend of long standing,” 254, 258, 267, 277, 295, 310;

ready to facilitate the Lady Arabella's arrest;

she is found on French ship with his courier aboard;

question of privilege raised by, p. xxvi, 258,

civilities to, of the King and Queen, to satisfy, 266;

instructed to broach marriage between the Prince of Wales and the Princess of France, 267;

to be consulted re pardon to pirate, 271;

M. de Champigny writes to;

his good will to Venice, 272;

his anxiety at Spanish negotiations with the Dutch 281;

states that marriage negotiations between France and Savoy have been re-opened, 283: his intimate relations with Villeroy, 296;

going to Salisbury to greet the King on the anniversary of the Growrie plot, 296, 302;

receives congratulations on the conclusion of Spanish match, 325,

his interview with Lord Salisbury, 334;

has letters from King Louis to present, 335,

employs the Duke of Lennox to secure audience for him, 341,

instructed to request the confirmation by Parliament of Anglo-French Treaty, 341,

has audience, 348, 352,

touching repayment of French debt, pay of Scottish guard, and marriage negotiations, 353,

his excuses, as to the latter, accepted, 355,

King James, at audience, abuses Villeroy to, 358;

receives courier, 358,

and goes to Lord Salisbury, to discuss payments due to England, 362,

awaits instructions, 364,

satisfies the King on all points, 372;

indiscretion of his wife, 382, 388;

has requiem sung for M. de Vitry, 387;

informs Foscarini of the Duke of Savoy's application to France for pension, 403,

of the Archduke's application to the King, 404;

payment by, on account of French debt, 416;

protests re Mass in Embassy House, 433, 451;

awaits instructions re election of Emperor, 439;

gives Foscarini information, 439, 446, 447;

recommends overtures from France to King James, 441;

presses for audience, is received, 446;

complaint against of Count Ruffia unjustified, 447;

received in audience, announces mission of the Duke of Bouillon, and publication of book in France against Papal claims, 451;

his opinion of the Duke of Savoy's request for the Princess Christine, 462;

approves reforms in the Empire, 469;

in bad odour at Court, 492;

visits Foscarini, 498;

explains nature of the Duke of Bouillon's embassy to the King, 503;

visits Lord Salisbury, 503;

goes to meet the Duke, 503,

is with him;

quarrel between, and the Spanish Ambassador, 516, 524, 539;

accompanies the Duke on visit to Foscarini, 520;

visits the Prince of Modena, 540;

sends Secretary home, 555,

re debt from French crown, 563,

requests audience, 568;

opposes Tuscan match, 570, 584;

has audience to assure the King of payment of debt, 578,

joining the King on Progress, 594;

applied to, by the King, as to Spanish intrigue in Paris, 594;

pacifies the King re Scottish Guard, 602, 604;

gives Foscarini information, 659, 668, 720;

alleges that the Queen-Regent has come to terms with the Huguenots, 728;

has audience before other Ambassadors, 741;

employs Lords Hay and Rochester to influence King James in favour of French match for the Duke of York, 758;

notified by Villeroy of contents of despatches from Turkey, 758;

his precedence at marriage of the Palatine, 775;

has copy of terms of peace between Turkey and Persia, 782;

secret conferences between, and councillors of the Palatine, 788;

declines to attend joust in Holy Week, 812;

gives news from Turkey to King James, 821, 822, 859;

the Palatine's excuses to, 821;

spreads report of terms accepted by Savoy, 843, 852;

brings Parkhurst's conduct to the King's notice, 860;

gives Foscarini news of the Duke of Savoy's operations, 871.

Spinalonga, 34.

Spinola, Ambrose, Marquis of Benaffro, Duke of Santa Severina, “Marchese Spinola,” on frontier with forces, will not intervene in affair of Cleves, 10;

to be sent as Plenipotentiary to the Hague, 281, 432,

as Ambassador to Paris, to ratify matches, honours for, 469;

to be sent to negotiate peace with the Dutch, and charged with special mission to Germany, 473, 480;

danger to Flanders from his absence, 480, 483;

at Cologne, 578,

to meet Calderon and Zuñga, 594, 595, 604;

massing troops, 604;

sets Emperor against Palatine's marriage, 667;

charged with the execution of ban of Empire, 668, 721;

nature of his negotiations in Germany, 684;

makes arms at Naumur, 740.

Spires, Speyers, Spyers, Protestant demand for reform of the Imperial Chamber of, 361,

arrangement touching, between the Palatine and the Duke of Saxony, 491,

Diet to discuss, 758, 802.

Stade, Imperial Edict against England resisted in, 11.

Standen, Sir Anthony, his mission to Tuscany, 483 and note.

Stanley, William, Lord Lieutenant of Lancashire, lenient to Jesuits, 610

(“Lincoln”;), 630.

Stara. See Weights and Measures.

State Papers Domestic, Calendar of, cited in notes to, 3, 4, 10, 12, 24, 30, 34, 53, 81 91 125, 153, 164, 171, 175, 186, 195, 204, 205, 217, 254, 261, 271, 281, 302, 316, 325, 356, 362, 365, 386, 387, 408, 503, 548, 561, 614, 630, 635, 646, 663, 764, 767, 770, 782, 787, 817, 836, 838.

-, Ireland, Calendar of, cited in notes to, 311, 342, 428, 758.

-, Venetian, Calendar of, cited in note to, 3, 9, 46, 824.

Steel. See Trade.

Stephen “Bogdan.” See Radolo, Prince Stephen.

Stettin, Treaty of, infractions of, 238,

renewed, 789.

Stockholm, 310;

King's body taken to, 387;

Diet called at, to consider terms of peace, 443;

Danes advancing on, 567, 672.

Stocking-Knitting Machine, 525, 526, 527, 528.

Straits of Barbary. See Gibraltar.

Strivali, Maltese galleys at, 819.

Strozzi, Carlo, Leone and Alfonso, 13.

Stuart, Arabella, marries Lord Beauchamp, is committed to the custody of Sir Thomas Parry, 24 and note,

petitions for greater freedom, signing “Seymour” not “Stewart,” 64;

consigned to the custody of the Bishop of Durham, 164,

too ill to be moved, 172,

to go, 189,

ill as she is, 200,

consigned to the custody of Lord Cavendish, her uncle, 202,

to leave for Durham, 227,

allowed to remain, to be visited by her Aunt, Lady Shrewsbury, 235;

escapes, King James' alarm, 254;

has hitherto professed “the Puritan religion,” 254;

King's proclamation against, 255;

account of her flight and arrest, her descent from Henry VII, &c., 258;

request for her arrest abroad, 264;

her Aunt sent to the Tower;

enquiry into affair, 266;

King and Lord Salisbury discuss affair of, with Ambassador Foscarini, 270,

the English Ambassador discusses, with the Queen-Regent, 275;

confined in the Tower, with Aunt;

further examination of, 277. See pp. xxv, xxvi.

-, Ludovic, Duke of Lennox, farms out profits of “sealing drapery,” 24 and note;

with the King, 53;

induces the Prince of Wales to apologize to his father, 217;

assists the French Ambassador to secure audience;

his claim on behalf of Scottish guard, 341;

accompanies M. de Vitry's body, 387;

serves the King at State banquet, 415;

visits Foscarini, 483;

mentioned, 554, 561;

with King on Progress, 612, 628;

resigns revenues of See of St. Andrews to King, 613;

mentioned, 671;

a Duke in Scotland only, 671;

goes to Gravesend to receive the Palatine, 672, 680;

at funeral of the Prince of Wales, 727;

accompanies the Elector and bride abroad, 817;

to be created Duke of Richmond, 817 and note;

to have appeared in robes of Garter, 832;

on leaving Heidelberg to go to Paris to request command of Scottish Guard, 854.

Suarez de Figueroa et Cordova, Gomez, Duke of Feria, Spanish Ambassador Extraordinary to France, 58.

Suda, 73.

Suffolk, Earl of. See Howard, Thomas.

Sugar. See Trade.

Suliman, his frigates at Biserta, 489.

Sully, Duke of. See Béthune, Maximilien.

Sultan of Turkey. See Achmet I.

Sumatra, English trade with, 324, 383.

Sunderland, 24 note.

Sundra, Costandui, 393.

Suriano, Christoforo, Secretary of the Venetian Embassy in England, action by, re the “Soderina,” 235;

leave granted to, to retain gifts from the King of England, 397.

Susa, Duke of Savoy meets Lesdiguières at, 379.


(1610), boundary between, and Denmark, in dispute, 30, 34, 112,

Swedish Commissioners to settle, fail to appear, as agreed, to Danes' disgust, 175.

quarrel between, and Poland, 34,

English alliance sought, and declined, 41;

a war between, and Denmark will lead to further aggrandisement of Poles, 175.

desire in, for commerce with Venice, 34.

efforts of German Protestant Princes to include, in League of themselves, Denmark, the Dutch and England, 112;

English, Danish and Swedish interests identical, 132.

(1611), Danish claim to take tolls from shipping of;

the Dutch affected, their efforts to keep peace between and Denmark, 181;

Agent from, in England, well received, 186,

his object to secure English consent to Dutch intervention, 189, 192;

preparations in, for war, 217, 227, 235;

Dutch effort to make peace, 295, 302, 583.

claims on, of the King of Poland, 235,

arranged, 302.

war declared against, by Denmark;

the grounds, 238, 250,

progress of war, 259, 271, 277, 283, 295, 310, 316, 335, 342, 353, 365, 372, 383, 417, 439, 497, 563, 567, 641, 672.

proposed partition of, between Denmark and Poland, 365.

death of King of;

disputed succession, 387, 400, 404,

settled, 409, 439.

(1612), Diet called at Stockholm to consider peace between, and Denmark;

proposal to leave places taken by the Danes in their hands;

dread in, of Poland, 443.

Scottish gentleman sent to, by King James, to negotiate peace, 548, 585;

Ambassador of Brandenburg negotiates in England for peace in, 641;

Ambassadors in, to secure peace, 672;

peace negotiations opened, 728, 758,

successful, 782, 783, 788, 789, 810, 817.

alliance between, and Hanse towns;

war with Denmark to be renewed;

successes by, in Russia, 765.

-, King of. See Charles IX.

-, Prince of. See Gustavus Adolphus.

-, Princess of. See Mary Elizabeth.

Switzerland, designs of the Duke of Savoy on Swiss territory, 199, 215;

Swiss guard of the Duke of Bavaria, 292;

desire of the four great Swiss Cantons to enter the Evangelical Union, the effect on the Spanish policy of the Grisons, 520;

the Queen-Regent stops recruiting in, for Savoy, 857. See also Berne;


the Grisons.

Sword-blades. See Trade.

Sydney, Robert, Viscount Lisle, Governor of Flushing, goes to post, 604 and note;

carries standard at funeral of the Prince of Wales, 727;

accompanies the Elector Palatine on journey home, 817.

Syria, misconduct of French Vice-Consul in, his recall;

arrangements for joint action in, by France, Venice and England, touching removal of port to Tripoli, 37, 53, 59, 271;

proposal to divert silk trade from, 187;

review of trade relations with, of England, France and Venice, 276;

ship bound for, taken by pirates, 312;

new Venetian Consul in, 412;

trade of, with Marseilles, 722;

Dutch imports from, in excess of demand, 816;

mentioned, 872.

-, English Consul in. See Pindar, Paul.

-, Venetian Consul in. See Sagredo, Francesco.