BHO

Index: S

Pages 662-671

Calendar of State Papers Relating To English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 14, 1615-1617. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1908.

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Citation:

S

Sabbioncello, Sabionello, island, Dalmatia, 497.

Sabresez, Istria, 261.

Sackville, Edward, imprisoned, 62.

Sacro, 201.

Sagna [Prov. Goritz. Austria], 89, 100, 261.

Sagredo, Giovanni Francesco, 2.

St. Andrea, Brabant, 341.

St. Denis, France, 271, 272.

St. Gall. San Gallo, Switzerland, 395.

St. Jago. See Santiago.

St. Lary, Roger de, duke of Bellegarde, M. le Grand, 297.

St. Menzan, ?St. Maixent, Deux Sevres, France, 117.

Saint Paul, count of:

supports Conde, 4;

joins Cond, 39;

goes over to king, 50.

St. Sensay See Sanxay.

St. Vincent, island of, pirates at, 358.

Salice, Cavalier, 124.

Salisbury, earl of. See Cecil, Robert.

Salizuola in Piedmont, 367.

Saluzzo, 285n.

salted fish, 334.

Salzburg, 271.

San Antonio in Istria, 261.

San Cataldo [Prov. Lecce, Italy], 417.

San Damiano [Prov. Alessandria. Italy], 435, 455.

San Domingo, San Domenico, 408.

San Floriano, 579.

San Germano, in Piedmont, 374, 474, 486, 497, 566.

San Giorgio, count of, 435, 455, 475.

San Lucedio, Piedmont, 325.

San Piero, abbey of, Piedmont, 142.

-, di Selve, Istria, 251, 336.

San Sebastian, Spain, 160.

San Servolo, near Trieste, 68, 336.

San Vincenti, Istria, 73, 82.

Sancy, Achille de Harlay de, French ambassador at Constantinople, 280, 475.

-, -, -, return of household of, required, 289.

-, -, -, joins other ambassadors in protesting against carazo, 299, 300.

dragoman of, imprisoned, 299;

promise of Vizier to, 301, 310;

Nana consults with, 311, 312, 352.

agrees to concerted protest with others, 406, 407;

difficulties in preparation, 425.

presents protest to Vizier. 426, 438;

sends in capitulations without consulting others, 439.

shows firm front to Vizier, 449;

joins in present to Vizier, 476.

obtains imperial decree for removal of carazo, 490.

present at opening of new mosque, 524;

visits Ragusan ambassadors, 534.

Sandoval, fort of, 577.

Sandoval y Roxas, Francis, duke of Lerma:

Digby complains to, 30;

desires peace, 248;

replies to Cottington's representations for Savoy, 368, 369.

asks Roos about marriages, 378;

receives Root;, 418;

negotiations with Rook, 444;

offended by reply of, 444, 445, 472, 475.

negotiations of Gritti with for peace, 419, 441, 459, 468, 518, 519, 528.

complains of England favouring Savoy, 526.

tells Cottington of peace negotiations at Madrid, 529;

conversation with Cottington, 564

negotiations with Khevenhller, 545:

resumes peace negotiations, 558.

Sant, Piedmont, despatch from, 540.

Santa Croce, marquis of, 581.

Santa Maria di Foiano, Friuli, 261.

Santen. See Xanten.

Santiago, St. Jago, 467.

Sanxay, St. Sensay [Vienne, France], 113.

sardines, 82.

Sardinia, 49.

Sarmiento, Don Diego, count of Gondomar, Spanish ambassador in England, the catholic ambassador, 27, 53, 105.

(1615): confers with Boischot, 6;

confers with Desmaretz, 16;

Winwood sees, 31;

talks with Foscarini, 32;

tries to discredit Foscarini, 48.

approached about pirates, 49;

refers to double marriages, 50;

alleged intimacy of Muscorno with, 56.

attitude to Venetian ambassadors, 67, 76, 78;

gives bribes to Somerset, 79;

gives banquet to celebrate the marriages, 80.

Foscarini takes farewell of, 90;

says king wants peace, 93;

lavish expenditure of, 95.

(1616): 100, 114, 179, 194, 219, 249, 307, 348, 598.

has audience, 103;

possible recall, 104;

to negotiate marriage, 105;

Muscorno sees, 107.

attitude of to Barbarigo, 115, 116, 139:

secret dealings with queen, 147, 153:

Barbarigo suspicious of. 154.

complains of Venice, 162, 170;

detained Spaniards delivered to, 174.

declares treaty of Asti will be executed, 178, 184.

speaks in favour of Archduke Ferdinand, 181, 188;

threatens Venice, 188;

says Milan armed because of Venice, 189.

sees Desmaretz, 196;

money spent in pensions by, 226;

understanding with Roos and Lake, 234;

obtains letters of Foscarini, 235, 246, 258, 262, 278, 285, 294.

says has papal bull for dispensation for marriage, 245.

tries to discredit lord Hay. 264;

says Spaniards do not desire English marriage, 265.

Lionello visits, 267, 268;

dines and hunts with James, 268;

argues with Desmaretz, 283.

Winwood shows Scarnafes memorial to. 303, 314, 315;

opposes Scarnafes, 306.

deprives of pensions English Catholics who take oath of allegiance, 317.

sends his confessor to Spain, 323, 328;

Pedro of Toledo writes to 327.

in want of money, 328:

prevents ambassadors being invited to prince's creation, 350

wishes to have all credit for marriage negotiations, 351.

James complains to, upon treatment of Savoy, 357.

borrows 16,000 crowns from lord Roos, 358.

Scarnafes' paper shown to, 372;

recommends peace, 372;

Don Pedro's boast to, 373.

large offers to James, 375, 376;

assurances of, about duchies, 377.

says James has great influence with Philip, 389, 390, 399.

suggests Flanders to Council as mart for English cloth, 394.

says French have upset everything in Italy, 395;

hostile to Lionello, 396.

(1617): 469.

ill, 399, 402;

says Spain ready to carry out treaty of Xanten, 424;

gives assurances of peace, 427.

complains about Raleigh's voyage, 436;

complains of opposition of Desmaretz, 447.

reports peace negotiations at Madrid, 450, 451.

four councillors treat secretly with for marriage, 479, 484;

opinion on Concini's death, 502.

share in marriage negotiations, 509;

confidences to Lionello, 516.

English merchants think of appealing to, 533.

asked that may be notified of James's declaration for Venice and Savoy, 549.

James sends to, to complain about treatment of Savoy and Venice. 552.

to complain of attack on Portuguese at Mombaza, 573.

gives Roos letters of introduction for Rome, 586.

witness at Foscarini trial, 594;

Foscarini accuses, 595

alleged plot of, to kill James, 596.

James asks about Foscarini's religion, 596;

releases Donna Louisa Carvajal, 600;

visits. sepulchres, with Foscarini, 602.

-, -, -, almoner of, 444

-, interpreter of, -, 13.

Sarpi, Fra Paolo, Father Paolo:

consulted about heretical books. 374.

Savelli, Giulio, nuncio in Savoy, 273.

Savona, bishop of. See Costa, Pietro Francesco.

Savoy, 22, 55, 56, 66, 83, 90, 124, 253, 263, 268, 279, 369, 372, 564, 577.

Venetian league with, 28;

exhausted, 177;

war with Spain, 325;

keeps Spain employed, 328.

maritime help for, 330;

English help for, discussed, 344;

Venetian help for, 589.

expedition of Nemours against, 337, 346, 349, 351;

munitions granted to, 379, 388, 410.

help for, 542;

important to Dauphine, 404;

negotiations of Roos upon, 419, 414.

requirements from Bernese, 472;

Bernese to defend, 511;

feared conquest of, 577.

-, Venetian instructions and letters to their agents in 69, 72, 90, 134, 151, 152, 158, 222, 232, 242, 251, 261, 266, 287, 289, 306, 319, 321, 326, 336, 455, 460, 493, 497, 501, 513, 520, 525, 526, 534, 539, 543, 544, 579.

-, ambassadors and agents of:

at Berne. See Gabaleoni.

in England. See Biondi, Giovanni Francesco;

Gabaleoni;

Scarnafes, count Antonio.

in France. See Fresia, Carlo:

Lanz. marquis of;

Moretta, count.

to the Princes of the Union. See Monthou:

Voye.

to Venice. See Seaglia count.

-, ambassadors and agents to:

of England. See Wake, Isaac.

of France. See D'Angennes, Charles, marquis of Rambouillet: Mangeun, Charles: Marini. Claudio.

of Venice. See Barbarigo, Gregorio;

Donato, Antonio: Zen, Ranier.

-, cardinal of. See Maurice, Cardinal of Savoy.

-, duke of. See Charle Emanuel;

Emanuel Filiberto.

-, nuncio in. See Costa, Pietro Francesco.

-, princes of, 35.

-, -, See Filiberto;

Maurice, Cardinal;

Vittorio.

-, princess of. See Cattarina.

-, ships of, against Genoa, 414.

-, troops of, 87.

Savoy, Henry de, duke of Nemours, 292, 297.

-, -, -, quarrels with duke of Savoy, 330

helped by French, 337, 346, 351;

Spain foments quarrel of. 338, 339:

reconciled with Savoy, 359, 367, 382;

confers with Monteleone, 475.

Saxony, 271.

-, elector of. See John George.

-, prince of. See Julius Henry of Saxe Lauenburg.

-, duke of. See Francis Julius of the house of Saxe Lauenburg.

Scaglia, count, ambassador of Savoy at Venice, 6, 113, 498.

-, -, -, says Foscarini made up his despatches out of his own head, 593;

denied, 604.

Scarnafes, Scarnafis, Scarnafigi, Antonio, ambassador of Savoy in England:

(1615): 6, 32, 43, 93.

speaks to James about league, 25;

and treaty of Asti, 26, 27;

suggests magazine at Villafranca. 37;

urges James to action, 44;

instructions to, 86.

(1616): 130, 148, 163, 177, 178, 212, 220, 223, 233, 253, 262, 275, 293, 309, 317, 386.

cannot have audience, 99;

remonstrates about Milan, 103;

Desmaretz complains of, 165, 106, 143;

views of, 131.

goes to ask help of James, 147, 154, 155, 168;

thinks James will not summon parliament or fight Spain, 165;

writes home, 171, 176, 181, 194.

presses for help, 177;

sees Winwood, 179;

asks for money, 180, 192;

thinks help should be got from France. 184, 185.

demands of, 197, 208;

expects little from England, 224;

gives information to Lionello. 242.

states position to Winwood, 243;

gets little from James. 249;

Lionello asks to tell James of good relations between Savoy and Venice, 263.

obtains more promises from James than expected. 264:

Winwood's promises to, 273.

anxiously awaiting news, 283;

receives news from duke. 292;

goes to James, 297, 306;

asks for help, 302, 303.

opposed by Sarmiento. 306;

sees Lionello, 308;

reply to James, 314, 332:

remonstrates with Winwood, 314, 315;

memorial to James, 315317.

has audience of James, 321:

munitions promised to. 322:

gloomy foreboding upon Spanish marriage. 323.

promise of munitions to suspended, 326;

asked to send message to Piedmont to report, 327.

reticent upon cloth trade proposals, 334.

Crotti writes to, 338:

Lionello to be friendly with, 347:

audience appointed, 348, 350.

promises of James to, 355, 356, 361;

advises duke to make terms with Spain 357.

sends Biondi to duke, 361, 372, 389, 397:

remonstrates with James, 362, 363;

hears from duke, 372, 400.

asks leave to return, home, 373:

has little hopes from James, 378.

tells Lionello oil' Winwood's suspicions, 380;

promised audience, 385;

Winwood advises to make active war, 387.

buys lead for duke, 388:

kept waiting for audience. 393.

(1617): -400, 416, 447, 522, 556.

presses James for help, 401, 420, 442;

hopes to obtain for Savoy money raised for Scotch journey, 402.

cannot obtain audience, 410:

desires Dutch, to create diversion, 412.

plan to seize Genoa, 413:

schemes with Raleigh, 414;

speaks with James and Winwood, 415, 421, 422;

asks if Venice will help, 423

answer to, 433, 434.

advises duke to make peace, 419.

negotiates with Winwood and Edmondes, 427:

loses patience. 428;

little progress of, 429.

gives patents of Savoy to privateers, 437.

has letter from duke, 443;

recalled, 445, 459;

takes leave, 470;

present to, 478.

James speaks to about negotiations at Madrid 450, 453, 458;

tells James of negotiations, 459, 468;

Lionello defends, 469.

in Paris. 492;

brings no hope from England, 505;

queen complains to, that no ambassadors in England from Italy, 530.

may be sent back to England. 530;

ordered to distribute presents in England to Winwood and others, 572.

Schaffhausen, Switzerland. 52.

Schiavi, Secretary, 244.

Schlusselburg, Conrad, book of, 325.

Schomberg, count Meinhard von, 121, 196.

-, -, ambassador of the Palatine in England, 150, 159, 214

-, -, -, objects of his mission, 207, 208;

sees Barbarigo, 209;

disappointed with James, 220, 225;

conversation with Surian, 258.

-, -, wife of.See Dudley, Ann.

Scicich, Captain Zuane, 266.

Seios, 113.

Sclavonian pirates, 126.

Scotland, 286n, 479, 529, 531, 535, 538, 539, 541, 565, 566, 568, 573.

waste condition of borders of, 550;

pirates about, 254;

danger to England in marriage of a prince of in France, 276.

Foscarini's visit to, referred to. 594, 595, 597, 599, 601, 604, 605.

Lionello's journey to, 571.

-, cost of, 569, 570, 583, 585.

visit of James to, 471, 521, 546.

-, -, proposed, 350, 361, 393, 403;

James determined upon, 373, 443;

money raised for, 388;

attempts to dissuade, 402;

will stop arming of fleet, 410;

Edmondes thinks James must abandon, 412:

difficulty of raising money, 430;

date fixed, 433;

not ready for king, 436:

nothing said about, 448n;

money raised for and cost, 460, 494, 510;

Council beg James not to go, 476;

reasons for making journey. 477;

feeling against James's proposals, 483, 515;

James joyfully received, 515:

king of Denmark expected, 517:

plot may hasten return. 532;

James abandons his reforms, 532;

what James effected. 549, 550:

return of king. 578, 583, 584, 589.

-, chancellor of. See Set on, Alexander.

-, Council of. See Council.

-, councillors of, James does not govern by, 554.

-, parliament of. See Parliament.

-, ships of. at Bordeaux. 55.

-, treasurer of. See Stewart, John, earl of Mar.

-, troops of, 57, 172.

-, -, offered to Venice, 182, 252, 468.

-, -, serving Venice, 462.

-, viceroy of. See Chancellor of. Scots, 344.

-, English dislike to serve under, 275;

English jealousy of, 295, 432, 550;

attitude of. to English, during king's visit, 550:

James hopes to fuse with English and Irish 555;

offer to serve Venice. 358.

Scrisa. See Carlopago.

Scuffia. Istria, 474.

Seamer, Richard, secretary of Sir Henry Wotton:

sent to Milan, 531;

went to England with Jesuit. 532;

arrives in England, 537.

Sebenico, Dalmatia, 551, 559.

Secretory of State. See Lake, Sir Thomas;

Winwood, Sir Ralph.

Sedan [Ardennes, France], 11, 17, 561.

-, with Conde, 4;

expected siege of, 19;

Bouillon will not leave, 39;

garrisoned, 43;

plan to deprive Bouillon of, 448;

Bouillon seeks help to defend, 457;

Palatine visits to see Bouillon, 558. 588.

-, letter dated from 431.

Seffer Aga, customs officer at Alexandretta, 534.

Segna. See Zengg.

Seiton, Setton. Captain, Scotch, mercenary, 462.

Senecey, marquis of. See Bauffremont, Henry de.

Senlis [Oise, France], 32.

-, Boisdauphin at. 33.

Sertoris, Dr., 438.

-, -, grants degrees at Padua, 474.

Servia, 525.

Servola, near Trieste, 222, 251.

Seton, Alexander, earl of Dunfermline, lord Chancellor of Scotland:

warns James of feeling against his proposals, 483;

called viceroy of Scotland. 605.

Seville, Spain, 313.

-, English ships detained at, 268.

Sforza, Cardinal Francesco, 141, 144, 273, 463, 464.

Shakspere, William, play of Pericles, 600.

Sheffield, co. York, 318n.

Ships:

cost of taking English, to Venice, 351, 363365, 379.

Dutch, 462.

English, 482.

-, cost more than Dutch, 363, 379, 432.

-, war, asked for by Savoy, 356;

proposed to arm against Genoa, 422;

only four or five kept armed, 397.

-, -, See also Navy. the royal.

Flemish, 482.

foreign, made Venetian., on conditions. 95.

fustarelle, 513, 520, 581.

maonas, 544.

names of:

Alitea, 563, 565, 567.

berton Colletti. 329.

berton Parvis, 353.

Delight, 515n.

Desire, 81, 82.

Diamond, 533.

galleon Dafin, 113.

galloon Naranzer, 383.

galley Veniera, 68, 115.

la La tea (?Alethea). 533.

Maroiliana, 581.

Martinella, 312, 392.

Royal defence, 125, 133.

Royal exchange, 133.

Terzona, 312.

Tigona, 312.

Unita, 203, 212, 287.

William and Ralph, 515n.

-, See also Pirates.

Shrewsbury, countess of. See Talbot, Mary.

-, earl of. See Talbot. Gilbert. Sicily, 157, 364, 506.

-, pirates of, 201.

-, ships from, 533, 544.

-, troops of, 29.

-, warlike preparations in, 512, 520, 525.

Sidney, Robert, viscount Lisle, 332.

-, -, -, gifts to, 197;

to receive the garter, 213:

governor of Flushing, 235.

-, Sir Robert, 197n.

Siena, duchy of, 562, 577.

Sigismund III. king of Poland. 562.

-, -, said to be in plot against Venice, 590.

silk, English trade in, at Constantinople, 125;

proposed exclusion of, from England, 343;

proposed to bring by sea from Persia, 430, 455, 498.

-, Venetian trade in, 534.

Sillery, lord of. See Brlart. Nicholas.

-, the commandeur. See Brlart, Noel.

Sittingbourne, co. Kent, 198.

Skinner, Sir , 344, 601.

Smith, Sir William, 250, 273, 278, 285, 294.

-, -, says Muscorno persecuted by Foscarini, 15;

refuses to show Foscarini libel, 39;

speaks to Barbarigo about Muscorno, 210.

has copies of Foscarini's letters, 235, 236, 246, 258:

afraid of Wotton, 247.

debt of Muscorno to, 262, 200, 298, 318, 601;

makes Parvis his proctor, 351;

arrangement for paying debt, 423, 455, 456, 465, 466, 480;

payment of, 481, 487, 493, 497, 498, 504;

money paid, detained by Wotton, 576.

witness at Foscarini trial, 593;

enemy of Foscarini, 600.

helps Muscorno to gather information about aqueducts, 603;

Muscorno accompanies to court, 606.

-, Captain William, 304.

Soest [Westphalia], 205, 396.

Soissons [Aisne, France]:

with Cond, 4, 107;

princes at, 317;

princes swear a league at, 479.

-, Count of. See Bourbon, Louis de.

-, countess of. Anne, countess of Montarsi, 304.

Soms, count. Frederick of, 69, 76.

Somerset, countess of. See Carr, Frances.

-, earl of. See Carr, Robert.

Somerset, Edward, earl of Worcester, master of the Horse:

to be made Privy Seal, 100, 104;

one of council in king's absence. 412.

-, -, -, son of, 74.

Soprani, a Genoese, 48.

Soranzo, Giacomo, 285n, 286.

Soubise, M. de. See Rohan, Benjamin de.

Southampton, earl of. See Wriothesley, Henry.

Spa, Carleton at, 282.

Spain:

(1615), 6, 49.

with France against Savoy, 1:

corrupts English ministers, 2, 37, 38;

garrisons Syburg, 3.

opposes Venetian league with Grisons, 8;

to help French queen, 9, 19;

expresses readiness to restore Wesel, 10:

Dutch suspicious of, 20, 21, 24, 25.

James mistrusts, 22:

attitude to treaty of Asti, 26, 27, 32:

will disarm, 28, 29;

not fulfilling treaty of Asti, 47.

desires success of French king, 32;

arrangement of Savoy with, 40.

troops at Dunkirk, 39, 98;

pirates near, 49;

plot against Villafranca, 50.

proposal to help French king, 59;

bribery of, in England, 62;

takes advantage of French affairs, 70;

retains fortresses, 75.

prejudiced by Somerset revelations, 79;

may attack duchies, 80;

asks to take troops through Savoy, 84;

sends fresh troops to Italy, 86.

designs against Savoy, 87;

James to act more firmly against, 89;

Savoy endeavours to embroil, 91.

(1616): 100, 140, 154, 165, 202, 263, 269, 363.

opposition to, 104, 187, 192:

attitude of James to, 105;

policy in Italy, 108110.

aggressive attitude towards Venice, 113;

Venetian caution towards, 121;

Venice suspicious of, 159.

corruption by, in England. 118;

aggressive policy of, 122, 131, 143;

Wotton's views upon, 123.

Cond opposes influence of, in France, 129, 184;

French dissatisfaction with, 133.

Savoy wishes to expel from Italy, 141, 143.

sides with Ferdinand against Venice, 141;

means to destroy treaty of Asti, 142.

James asked to intervene with, 145;

troops in Milanese, 147.

uneasy about Hanse league with Dutch, 148, 202.

pleased by rumours of English marriage, 155;

Conde opposes machinations, 156.

tries to postpone execution of treaty of Asti, 163;

means to keep up army m Milanese, 108, 169;

pretexts for, 189.

releases Ridge, 174;

takes Lippstadt, 176;

keeps up unrest in Italy, 177.

James does not want war with, 179;

English want to fight, 182.

hostile to Venice. 186, 249;

action in Grisons, 187;

rejoices at troubles of Venice, 193.

representations of James to, 195, 219, 224;

sequestrates English goods, 302.

French desire war of, with Savoy, 203.

professes readiness to make restitution, 205;

Dutch mistrust, 206.

consulted about succession to empire, 207;

abuses confidences of James, 208.

fear of ambitions of, 209, 211;

Savoy insists upon disarming of, 216, 237, 264:

Savoy angry with, 229;

question of disarming, 267.

James reported ready to make war on, 220, 224.

preparing to take places in duchies, 221;

troops under van den Berg, 226;

Dutch tear tricks of, 235.

complaints of Savoy against. 243, 244;

quarrel with Savoy, 248.

postage to and from, 257, 258.

condemned by Schomberg. 258;

increases armaments, 259.

people of, against English marriage, 265.

proposed reprisals against, for detention of English ships. 268.

James ready to act against, 263;

Savoy requires guarantee against, 274.

profits by delay in negotiations, 275;

advantages of alliance to England, 276.

diet to discuss armaments of, 280, 281;

discredits idea of Anglo-French marriage. 283.

English nobles prefer alliance with, 292;

compete Savoy and Venice to keep armed, 293;

hostility to Savoy, 207, 306, 344.

invades Piedmont, 301, 330, 353;

overweening pretensions, 308;

Savoy advised to afford no pretexts to, 314, 316.

war with Savoy, 325;

relative objections of England and France against, 331.

English council dependant upon, 332;

action in Orisons, 335;

action against Savoy and Venice, 336.

Wotton criticises policy, 338, 399:

peace with England in 1604, 341.

demands in marriage negotiations, 342;

spreads false news, 351.

Lionello criticises, 348;

Savoy I unequal to resisting, 349.

Carleton suggests counterpoise to, 354;

necessity of treasure fleet to, 358.

James unwilling to offend, 356, 361;

representations of James to, 362.

no desire for peace. 359, 366;

harshness to Italy, 360, 369.

desire of English to fight, 364;

suspects Bethune, 370;

false negotiations of, 374376.

league expected to restrain, 380;

Savoy advised to make terms with, 381.

Dutch try to bridle, 381;

wishes Savoy to disarm, 385:

England advises active war against, 387.

Barnevelt desires league against. 390;

devices of, to blind, 391.

marriage negotiations with England, a device to make James inactive, 394.

troubles Italy, 394;

French complaints against, 305;

Dutch mistrust, 396.

(1617), 478, 511, 522.

Savoy doubtful of resisting, 397;

Venice complains of, 398.

James ready to help Savoy against, 399;

James awaits reports from, 399402;

James desires league to check, 400.

Savoy hopes to attack. 401;

operations in Piedmont, 404, 405, 460;

dislodged from Piedmont, 420.

French propose to send extraordinary embassy to, 405.

brings heretics into Italy, 407.

council of, 408;

importance of Genoa to, 413, 415.

Prince Maurice fears craftiness of, 418;

Carleton suspects intrigues of, 435.

will not disarm before Venice settl s with Ferdinand, 419.

Genoa raid will make James enemy of, 421, 422;

Raleigh ready to damage, 422.

expected to sow discord, between England and Netherlands, 424.

suspected agreement with Turks against England, 429.

James afraid of offending, 434.

Savoy grants letters patent against, ships of. 437;

Savoy advised to make active war on, 442, 453.

France does not wish to take Sedan. 448.

James believes, will restore duchies, 449;

not at war with Venice, 454.

caravel of, at Plymouth, 460;

approaches pope about archbishop of Spalato, 464.

Scarnafes describes tricks of, 469;

levies, 469, 470;

Savoy asks for Bernese help against, 472.

raises difficulties about conference, 471;

Digby sent to, about marriage, 479.

proposes to fortify Gibraltar, 485;

allows pirates to pass Gibraltar unmolested, 505.

feared design to invade England, 489.

tries to engage prominent Englishman, 496.

Concini's death expected to chock, 502.

devices have free field in Italy, 505.

Sarmiento criticises government of, 516.

French representations to, 517;

negotiations of Venice with, 518, 519, 540, 542, 570;

need of watching, 521.

representations of James to, 529;

Wake's suggestions for offensive against, 530.

possible dismissal of representatives of, by James, because of Corona Regia, 532, 533.

may presume too much upon forbearance of James, 533.

Dutch not restrained by fear of, 536;

James will not suffer advancement of, ib.

attack of, upon Savoy and Venice. 538, 539.

accused by Venetians of not keeping promises, 543.

not sincere m peace negotiations at Madrid, 546, 558, 559;

Venice not at open war with, 546;

no right to interfere with Venice, 547.

James says he must restrain overweening greatness of, 547, 554, 555;

proposed action of James, 553555.

Lionello fears interruptions of despatches by, 548;

Lionello desires declaration against, 549, 566, 567.

fleet of, for New Spain, protection of, against pirates, 551:

leaves without English escort, 563.

English adventurers in pay of, plot against Venice, 557.

Dutch envoy dismissed from, 561.

Venice feels danger of, to Italy, 565.

troops paid by, in Germany, 568.

Winwood open enemy of, 571;

Wotton in pay of, 575;

conspiracy against England, 573;

lord Wotton friend of, 576.

hope that James may realise friendship of, to be feigned, 574.

Savoy feels necessity of resisting, 576, 581.

doubtful if will restore Vercelli, 577, 591.

fleet of, to attack Savoy, 581;

disposition of, 589.

negotiations of, a blind, 586.

pope fears Venetian ambassador may concert with James against, 587.

fear of English and Dutch ships. 589.

reported plot of, against Venice, 590.

Venetian instructions sent to their agents in, 69, 72, 83, 90, 134, 151, 152, 158, 165, 183, 222, 232, 242, 251, 261, 266, 274, 279, 280, 287, 289, 301, 305, 319, 326, 359, 367, 374, 389, 390, 404, 406, 410, 423, 427, 436, 446, 455, 456, 460, 474, 486, 493, 497, 501, 506, 513, 520, 525, 526, 534, 539, 544, 552, 559, 579.

ambassadors and agents of:

in England. See Sarmiento, Diego;

Taxis, Juan de, count of Villa Mediana;

Velasco, Juan Ferdinando de.

in France. See Monteleone, Count of.

in Genoa. See Vives, Giovanni.

in Germany. See. Zuniga, Balthasar.

at Naples, 561.

in Rome. See Borgia, Cardinal Gaspar.

in Savoy, 498.

in Venice. See Cueva, Alonso de, marquis of Bedmar.

ambassadors and agents to:

of England. See Cecil, William, Lord Roos;

Cornwallis, Sir Charles;

Cottington, Francis;

Digby, Sir John.

of France. See Bauffremont Henry de, marquis of Senecey.

of Germany. See Khevenhller, Christopher.

of Venice. See Gritti, Andrea;

Vico, Pietro.

-, king of. See Philip II;

Philip III.

-, nuncio in. See Caetani, Antonio.

-, secretaries of. See Arostegni. Antonio;

Ciria, Juan de.

Spalato, 551, 559.

-, archbishop of. See Dominis, Marc Antonio di.

Spaniard accompanies Roos in flight, 586.

Spanish woman. See Carvajal, Donna Luisa de.

Sparlin, Tomaso, 82.

Spencer, Sir Richard, 286n.

Spietz, baron of, 369.

Spifame, Samuel, seigneur des Bisseaux, French ambassador in England, 108.

Spinelli, Gaspare, Venetian resident at Naples, 446, 470.

-, -, -, Jacques Pierre reports conspiracy to, 590.

-, -, -, despatches of, 15, 41, 141, 144, 273, 329, 384, 426, 435, 463, 464, 475, 487, 508, 512, 513, 515, 561, 581, 589.

-, -, -, letters to, 464.

Spinola, Ambrose, marquis of Benaffro, 100, 341, 421.

-, -, -, inspects fortresses, 10;

on frontiers, 11, 18;

buys claims on Bouillon, 13, 17, 19, 32;

going to Dusseldorf, 71;

to hold Cloves, 213:

ordered to besiege Juliers, 267;

designs on Sedan, 447, 448;

may fortify Wesel, 512.

-, -, -, Philip son of, 226.

Spire, Venetian ambassador to Union might reside at, 563.

Squittinio della libert Veneta, 34.

Stagno [an island off Sabbioncello, Dalmatia], 501.

Star Chamber, speech of James in, 245, 448.

Starzer. See Turkey, officials of.

States. See Netherlands.

Stettin, 12, 18.

Steward, High. See Stuart. Ludovic, duke of Lennox.

Stewart, John, earl of Mar, lord treasurer of Scotland, 603.

-, -, -, says things not ready for James, 436;

says expenses equal income, 477.

Sticke, Christopher, ambassador of Brandenburg in England, 88.

-, -, -, gives information to Foccarini, 3, 17, 18;

insists on treaty of Xanten, 37;

ordered to leave, 75, 81.

-, -, ambassador of Brandenburg in the Netherlands, 375, 376, 382, 408.

-, -, -, tells Carleton of Klesl's advice to emperor, 396;

gives information to Surian, 568.

Stilton, co. Huntingdon, 586n

Stodder, Studder, Studer, Struder, Sir Thomas, 438, 475, 501, 529.

-, -, wishes to serve Venice, 340;

career of, 340, 341;

praised by Count Maurice, 347;

negotiations to engage, 353, 382, 383;

seeks promotion with Austrians, 435, 456, 463;

a prisoner, 482;

waits for money, 500;

asks money for journey, 506, 520, 528;

ready to start, 543, 550;

molested by Trumbull. 558;

forces to be increased, 561.

Stormestorf. See Trantmanstorff.

Strait. See Gibraltar, Strait of.

Stralsund, delegates of, at Hague, 221.

Strashung, Contarini's credentials to, 582.

Struder. See Stodder.

Stuard, Colonel, 160.

Stuart, Ludovic, duke of Lennox, 598, 605.

-, -, made High Steward. 61;

Foscarini takes leave of, 64;

accompanies king to Scotland. 476.

Stuart, a, executed at Paris, 459.

Studer. See Stodder.

Stuttgart, Wirtemberg, 175.

Styrum, Stiren Geldrese, count of, 163.

Suffolk, earl of. See Howard, Thomas, earl of Suffolk.

Suliman, Sultan of Turkey, 425, 449, 524.

Sully, duke of. See Bethune, Maximilian de.

Sulzbach [Bavaria], 269.

Surian, Zurian, Christofforo, Venetian Secretary to the Swiss and Grisons, 180, 181, 229, 338.

-, -, -, despatches of, 15, 28, 40, 55, 186, 202, 295, 296, 313.

-, -, -, letters and instructions to, 242, 280, 335, 353, 513, 521.

-, -, Venetian Secretary in the Netherlands, 371, 402, 403, 412, 442, 448, 471, 556.

-, -, -, despatches of, 258, 269, 282, 288, 340, 347, 354, 355, 360, 375, 381, 382, 390, 391, 396, 398, 404, 407, 408, 418, 424, 434, 438, 448, 461, 462, 472, 475, 482, 494, 500, 501, 505508, 512, 514, 515, 528, 535, 541, 543, 550, 558, 568, 588.

-, -, -, told to raise new levies, 467.

-, Michiel, 265n, 286.

Sussex, earl of. See Radcliffe, Robert. Swan, 604.

Sweden:

quarrel with Muscovy, 3;

quarrel with Poland, 12, 18;

settlement with Muscovy, 21.

-, king of. See Gustavus Adolphus.

Swiss, 7, 23, 52, 54, 101, 124, 130, 135, 227, 271, 522.

-, attempt to stop passes of, 143.

-, French intrigues among, 190.

-, league of Venice with, 33.

-, levies of, for Spain, 369.

-, may join league, 535, 563.

-, mercenaries, 5, 11, 17, 91, 108.

-, -, engaged by William of Orange, 268.

-, Padavin sent to, 148, 151.

-, proposal to include, in league, 211, 281.

-, theologians, to help Dutch, 506.

-, troops in Italy, 407.

-, Venetian instructions sent to agents among, 460, 543.

-, ambassadors and agents to, of France. See Castiglia, M. de;

Gueffier, Emile.

-, -, of Venice. See Dolci, Agostino;

Surian, Christoffore.

Switzerland, 182, 286.

-, Spanish levies in, 250.

-, See also Berne;

Grisons: St. Gall;

Swiss;

Zurich.

Syburg [Westphalia]:

Spaniards garrison, 3, 396.

Syria, 126, 201.

-, Venetian trade with, 2.

-, pirates taken in, 125.