Venice: September 1513, 1-15

Pages 115-126

Calendar of State Papers Relating To English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 2, 1509-1519. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1867.

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September 1513, 1–15

Sept. 1. Sanuto Diaries, v. xvii. p. 3. 282. Andrea Badoer, Venetian Ambassador in England, to the State.
Dated London, 16th June and 4th July.
Appointment of four regents of the kingdom, with one of whom, who was his friend, he had conversed. This friend complained that the Signory should have leagued with France, who was a promise-breaker, and descanted on the love borne the State by the King of England, who had crossed over to France for the destruction of the King of France. Remonstrances of the ambassador at having been left so long without pecuniary supply. He knows not how to maintain himself.
In his second letter, 4th July, acknowledges receipt of a bill of exchange for 600 ducats, and details other conversations with the ministry, and his apologies for the Signory's league with France, to the effect that Venice had been compelled thereto, for the recovery of her territory, the Emperor having declined all the numerous proposals made to him.
Sept. 1. Sanuto Diaries, v. xvii. p. 3. 283. Antonio Bavarin, factor of the Pesaro firm in London, to the Pesari in Venice.
Dated 2nd and 12th August 1513.
They will already have heard of the naval and military preparations made by the King. Although that “Dragon” (fn. 1) had made a truce, he did not keep his promise like a worthy prince. Lately a number of lords with 30,000 men went across, and were then encamped under Terouenne, a very strong place, and well supplied, though Hell itself could not resist so powerful a force as that besieging.
On the preceding day the King crossed over to Calais with the rest. Estimates the English force in France at 50,000 men, who resembled giants. They would soon be joined by 10,000 Burgundians and Germans, forming a total of 60,000 paid soldiers, besides a host of adventurers, amounting in all to 80,000, fully appointed; including 8,000 heavy horse, and as many more light cavalry, 14,000 infantry archers, and 2,000 mounted bowmen; the rest halberdiers, with long pikes and iron maces fit to level not only men, but cities.
The King had with him 14 wagons loaded with money, two millions of gold and four wagons with silver coin;—facts which sound like tales of romance, but which are nevertheless true. The King has also other innumerable riches.
In his second letter of 12th August, writes that until then no vessel had been put on the berth for Venice, nor was it known whether any would be sent on that voyage, on account of the disputes between the State and Spain, and also of the misunderstanding with the Emperor which would interrupt the land communication. Is of opinion nevertheless that some goods would be sent by the Germans. Report in London that the Emperor had sent his ambassadors to the Pope to pray him again to attempt peace. It was high time peace were obtained, and people were convinced it would have been made, but for the Venetian agreement with France. (fn. 2) The King of England was under Terouenne with upwards of 60,000 combatants. The town was very considerable, beyond measure strong, and the key of Picardy. The English were bombarding it day and night, and, having levelled the walls, would soon make the assault. The place could not be saved, and after its surrender the French camp, consisting of 1,000 horse and 16,000 foot, at a distance of eight miles from Terouenne, would be attacked. These troops did not dare show themselves.
Sept. 1. Sanuto Diaries, v. xvii. p. 2. 284. Anonymous Correspondent to Domenego Contarini, under Verona.
Much gossip. The French had been routed by the English, and rejoicings were made.
Sept. 3. Sanuto Diaries, v. xvii. p. 8. 285. Audience given by the College to Sir Thomas Newport and Sir Thomas Sheffield, (fn. 3) knights of Rhodes, on their way to that island. Presentation by them of credentials and letters of recommendation from Henry VIII. Their presentation by the banker Antonio Capello, and by Troian Bollani. Seats assigned them beside Doge Loredano. Sir Thomas Newport had lent the ambassador Badoer 400 ducats, on a bill of exchange, payable in Venice. Both these knights met with a very cordial reception.
Sept. 4. Sanuto Diaries, v. xvii. p. 10. 286. Report by Troian Bollani of what he had elicited from Sir Thomas Newport and Sir Thomas Sheffield. Assurance given by them that the King of England was the Signory's friend, and that he took it amiss when the King of Spain made the truce with France, whom he had sworn to attack. They told many other long stories. Came through Germany on their way to Rhodes, and Sir Thomas Newport had to receive 1,700 (sic) ducats for moneys disbursed to the Venetian ambassador in England, for which he had bills of exchange on the Signory.
Sept. 7. Sanuto Diaries, v. xvii. p. 15. 287. Venetian Ambassador in Rome to the State.
Dated 2nd September.
As no letters had been received there from France, the Anti-Gallicans said Terouenne had been taken by the English.
Sept. 8. Sanuto Diaries, v. xvii. pp. 16, 17. 288. Marco Dandolo, Venetian Ambassador in France, to the Signory.
Letters in cipher (deciphered), the last dated Amiens, 24th August, and delivered in Venice at the vesper hour on the 8th September, by the courier, Fieravante.
On the 23rd August (fn. 4) Terouenne surrendered to the King of England. Property and persons to be respected. Within were 200 French spears, and 3,000 infantry, which troops had joined the camp of the King of France at a place called —, six miles from the enemy. The French numbered 3,000 spears and 30,000 infantry. The Duke of Guelders, who was expected with 10,000 foot, and 1,500 horse, has not yet arrived.
Note by Marin Sanuto, that he spoke with the above-mentioned courier Lodovico Fieravante, the man who killed his father in the church of the “Frari,” on Good Friday, A.D.—. That going and returning he had performed the journey to France eight times. He said that Terouenne was taken on the 23rd, because there were no more provisions. The garrison had even eaten their horses.
Property and persons were respected, and according to report at Amiens, from which place Fieravante took his departure, the garrison had reached the French camp. The English numbered in all 80,000 men. The King (of England) was not in the camp, where the Emperor had arrived. The English had from 8,000 to 9,000 horse, and 13,000 lansquenets; they had captured the French men-at-arms on their way to succour Terouenne, namely the Marquis de Rothelin, alias Monsr. de Longueville; (fn. 5) Monsr. de la Fayette, Monsr. de Clermont, and the Captain Bayard. Monsr. de la Palisse was also taken, but made his escape, killing two English archers who had him in charge, and reached the French camp.
On the arrival of the prisoners, the King of England gave them good greeting, and clad Mons. de Rothelin in a gown of cloth of gold. On going to table he caused him to be served with water for his hands, and to dine with him. The Marquis said, “Sire, I will not.” The King rejoined, “You are my prisoner, and must do so.” The King displayed great graciousness. Should there be any French prisoner of condition, and the ransom required of him amount to 4,000 ducats, the King reduces it to 2,000, saying to the captor, “I'll pay the rest.” When a foot soldier is taken with 20 ducats in his purse that sum suffices, and the King has him stripped and set at liberty: so that he treats all well. When the Scotch herald, on behalf of the King's brother-in-law, came to proclaim war, telling the King to beware what he was doing, the King made answer that he had well pondered everything before commencing this expedition, and meant to besiege Boulogne.
The Lady Margaret had come to the English camp, and was negotiating the marriage of her nephew, the Archduke of Burgundy, with the sister of the King of England.
The French forces, on the other hand, were commanded by the Dauphin of France, Monsr. d'Angouleme. They amounted to 28,000 (sic) horse in all, including men-at-arms, light horse, artillery horses, and adventurers following the camp.
The King (of France) in person was at Amiens, 60 miles from Terouenne, and remained on the defensive without giving battle to the English.
In Burgundy, towards Dijon, the Switzers had made an attack, which was met by Monsr. de la Trimouille, who had retreated into that city, which he was fortifying with 400 spears and 3,000 infantry, and meant to wait and see what the Switzers would do.
In the French camp they were expecting 6,000 Scots, who had embarked on board the Scotch fleet, which was to join the French fleet of 34 sail in Normandy.
Did not know the amount of the Scotch fleet. The Scots had entered England, doing great damage everywhere, in very great number, upwards of 80,000 picked men; others wanted to go, but their King would not have them all.
On arriving at Lyons on the 28th [August], he found there Gian Giacomo Triulzi, who had come from Ors (sic; Tours?) (fn. 6) on his way into Burgundy against the Switzers. He (Fieravante) consigned letters to him from the King, desiring him not to go, and to return to Ors.
He (Fieravante) went incognito to Milan, where rejoicings and bonfires for the rout of the French were making by the English; and he came on from thence to Venice, through Tuscany.
Sept. 8. Sanuto Diaries, v. xvii. pp. 15, 16. 289. Sir Thomas Newport and Sir Thomas Sheffield.
Day of the Virgin's Nativity. Attendance at mass in St. Mark's Church of the Doge and ambassadors, namely, those of the Pope and Hungary, the two English knights of Rhodes, (fn. 7) an envoy from the Rhodians, a knight, who took precedence of them, the secretary of the Duke of Ferrara, and last of all the Switzer, Dom. — Soprasaxo.
Sept. 8. Sanuto Diaries, v. xvii. p. 20. 290. Roberto Acciaiuolo, Florentine Ambassador in France, to the Government of Florence.
Since his last of the 5th [August] nothing worthy of notice has occurred, save the arrival in the camp of the King of England, who is now at St. Omer, with a reinforcement of 10,000 foot. He has redoubled the bombardment, and threatened repeatedly to make the assault, but has never attempted it. The garrison relies on not being stormed, and appears well inclined to hold out to the last. At present, owing to the appearance in the camp of the King of England, the King of France is hastening his preparations; and to be nearer at hand, and to put his troops in order (of which they have need), he is going to Amiens, and, should he not change his mind, will proceed thence to the camp, with the intention, should the Duke [of Guelders] come, of then trying his luck. The Duke, if he come, will bring 500 German horse and 10,000 foot, forming a total (including those already mustered by the King), of 25,000 infantry. They have raised a great number of pioneers, who receive a monthly stipend of 100 French sous (soldi). It is supposed that the monthly expenditure of France amounts to 400,000 francs, and that of England, including the fleet, to 600,000. To the King of Scots a payment of 50,000 francs has been made for the cost of provisions and ammunition, as he asked for nothing else.
The Emperor is understood to have reached Brussels, on his way to Flanders, and does his utmost to intimidate, but has not yet moved one single horse, and the King of France told him (Acciaiuolo) that he would rather the Emperor should make an attack in this direction than in Burgundy. (fn. 8) 10th August.
[Signed:] Robertus Acciariolus, orator.
Sept. 8. Sanuto Diaries, v. xvii. pp. 20, 21. 291. Roberto Acciaiuolo, Florentine Ambassador in France, to the Government of Florence.
Intelligence was received from the camp yestereven that some 1,500 French spears had approached Terouenne in a quarter where the blockade was more open. 3,000 English foot, who disputed their passage, lost many men from the cannon of the besieged, and at length being unable to prevent it, Captain Fonterailles, by means of certain cross-bulwarks (traverse di ripari) and ditches made by the besieged, went with the succour to the gate, entered the town, spoke to them at his leisure, saw all their defences, and left with them 80 dismounted men-at-arms, according to their request, as they said they wanted nothing more. He then quitted the town, and returned in safety to the place from whence he came.
Fonterailles stated that such provision had been made by the besieged, that they relied on holding out until the day of the Virgin's nativity, in September. If this be true, French affairs will take a good turn, as ere then the King of France will be in sufficient force to succour the place; but even if the place were lost, the winter would be so near at hand, that it would be impossible for the English to lay siege to any other town in those parts. This morning the King departed for Amiens, where he will arrive in three days; and it seems probable that his affairs will improve, for in every encounter, either in forays or engagements, between the French and English, the latter have got the worst, which result gives the former more courage daily. From Bicluves (sic), 11 August. 1513.
[Signed:] Idem Robertus.
[Italian, 30 lines.]
Sept. 8. Sanuto Diaries. v. xvii. pp. 21, 22. 292. The Same to the Same.
Had detained the present copy until the 13th. Was told on that morning by the King that the Emperor had been in the English camp, where he conferred with the King of England, and went back towards Flanders.
Had been told by another friend that a marriage was being negotiated by the Emperor and the King of England, who was to give his own sister, now affianced to the Archduke, to the Emperor. Time would show whether this would take place or not; but anything might be credited about “the friend” where money circulated.
On that morning the Scotch herald who took the letter of defiance into the English camp, returned. Does not write the reply, the herald having as yet divulged nothing, not having spoken to the King (of France). If in time, will write the reply by the present courier; if not, by the next.
[Italian, 15 lines.]
Sept. 9. Sanuto Diaries, v. xvii. pp. 23, 24. 293. Venetian Ambassador in Home to the State.
Dated 6 th September.
Announces receipt there of letters from Amiens, dated 26th August, and from Lyons, the 29th, concerning the loss of Terouenne; persons and property to be respected. The place had surrendered from lack of provisions.
There was also a letter dated in. the English camp from the Emperor to the Duke of Milan, who sent it to the Pope. Announces a great rout of—French spears by the English, many captains and soldiers being captured, as by the following list, though the French ambassadors in Rome said the defeat was not so great.
294. List of Frenchmen captured and killed by the English.
The Duke of Longueville, captain of 100 spears, bearing also the title of Marquis de Rothelin, owing to the death of his brother.
Gentlemen of the Kino; The Steward of the Household of the Duke of Longueville, and 20 of his gentlemen.
Mons. de Clermont, Viceadmiral, and lieutenant of the company of Mons. d'Angoulême.
The Standard-bearer of Mons. d'Angoulême.
Mons. d'Imbrecourt, captain of 100 spears.
Mons. de la Fayette, lieutenant of Mons. d'Alençon.
The Captain Bayard.
The Standard-bearer of Robert Tramiseles (sic).
The Standard-bearer of the Master of the Horse, Galeazo di San Severino.
Companions: Erard and a trumpet.
The Baron de Beam; Mons. de Bussi; the Bastard; Mons. de Pienes, as reported. Mons. de la Palise gave “pike bail” to Jaques de Chines.
Colours taken:
Of Mons. d'Alençon; of Mons. d'Angoulême; of the Master of the Horse; of d'Armagnac; of Robert de Tramixeles (sic); of Bussy; of Robert de la Mark, besides some others whose masters had not been found.
Sept. 9. Sanuto Diaries, v. xvii. pp. 23, 24. 295. Vettor Lippomano to his brother Hironimo, in Venice.
Dated Rome, 6th Sept.
On Monday the 5th went into the Castle [of St. Angelo] to the Pope, with the Cardinals of Ferrara and S. Vitale, the Sigr. Fabritio Colonna, the Sigr. Alberto da Carpi, and other lords. Da Carpi read the Pope a letter from the English camp, dated the 24th [August], written by the Emperor to the Duke of Milan, about the rout of the French when they sought to put succour into Terouenne; sending him a list of the French who were killed and captured, and the number of standards. Terouenne wanted to surrender, persons and property being respected, but these terms were rejected. The Marquis de la Paluda was also present [at this reading], so [the Pope] said that he would act, but that the Signory must no longer hope for assistance from France; whereupon he [Lippomano] rejoined, that the State would call the Turks to her aid, which made all laugh heartily; and he wished himself away. The conversation lasted upwards of an hour. In the list of losses Mons. de la Palisse was said to have been captured. 30,000 Switzers had entered France, and were on their march to Paris, so that they would expel the King of France, though the French ambassador at Rome did not represent the affair as being so disastrous. Had been to visit “the Magnifico,” [Julian de' Medici], (fn. 9) letters from Florence, in date of Amiens the 25th, about the loss of who showed him Terouenne.
A marriage was in course of negotiation between the sister of the King of England and the Archduke of Burgundy, but the Archduke will not take her; says he wants a wife and not a mother.
Sept. 10. Sanuto Diaries, v. xvii. p. 30. 296. The Venetian Ambassador in Spain, Zuan Badoer, Doctor and Knight, to the State.
Dated Valladolid, 18th August; in cipher, deciphered.
Details conversations held with the King (of Arragon) at mass, and afterwards alone; he said that the Signory ought to make terms with the Emperor, and renounce Verona. The King is doubtful as to the result of matters between France and England, and suspects the English will not be victorious. The King had removed two of his natural daughters from an Observantine convent, meaning to give them in marriage, although they were content to remain as they were. The Queen [Germaine de Foix] was indisposed, after the fashion of young women married to old husbands. He is sending Don Alfonso, son of the Archbishop of Valencia, his relation, into Italy as the Viceroy's coadjutor. He had prevented the Duke of Alva from going on a pilgrimage to St. James of Galicia [Compostella]. The English ambassador, then on the eve of departure, had come to take leave of him (Badoer), speaking very blandly. The King's chaplain who went to negotiate the agreement with France, was returned, and had betaken himself to an Hieronomite monastery to escape the fatigue of business. An individual who had letters of reprisal against the Venetians, was fitting out barks to attack them in the Gulf, so the Signory should make provision.
Sept. 10. Sanuto Diaries, v. xvii. p. 30. 297. Marco Dandolo, Venetian Ambassador in France, to the State.
16 Letters, dated Amiens, from the 29th July to the 25th August,
Account of events from day to day. Provision made for the succour of Terouenne. On the 16th August 1,000 men-at-arms went with that purpose with Mons. de Longueville Marquis de Rothelin, and other commanders, including Mons. de la Palisse; they were met by the men-at-arms of the King of England with the King in person, the King of the Romans being with the infantry. A battle took place, in which De Longueville was captured, and the Bastard and other commanders killed. Mons. de Palisse was taken, but freed himself and made his escape. No more than 40 men-at-arms or horses were missing; a few got into Terouenne. The King of France) was well disposed towards the Signory, and sent two letters. He was at Amiens with the gout, the commander-in-chief of his army being Mons. d'Angoulême, the Dauphin, and wellnigh all the chiefs and those of the blood royal were in the camp. He had 2,500 spears and 30,000 infantry. The Duke of Guelders had not yet arrived; he was to come with 10,000 foot and 1,500 horse. In date of the 23rd, announces the loss of Terouenne, and the King's intention of taking his army to Armaruol (sic), a strong position on account of a river. He does not intend to give battle to the English, who numbered 80,000 foot and some 8,000 horse. 6,000 Scots were expected in the French camp, who had been embarked on board the Scotch fleet of 22 sail, which was coming to assist the French; they were to land in Picardy, at Honfleur, (fn. 10) or in Normandy. Details also what took place with the Scotch herald [Lyon], (fn. 11) who went to the King of England to declare war. The King of Scots was to attack England on the 22nd, and to raise an army; he had disposed of all the plate and gold chains, so that he ate off pewter.
Sept. 10. Sanuto Diaries, v. xvii. pp. 33, 34. 298. Report made to the College by Troian Bollani on the 5th September 1513, of his conversation with the English knights of Rhodes, Sir Thomas Newport and Sir Thomas Sheffield. Read in the Senate on the 10th September. Note by Sanuto that it was read after all the letters, and when the house (la briga) was very tired.
The knights said that no king in the world could have endured such a war [as that of the League of Cambrai] without yielding. They commended the Signory, (fn. 12) saying the sovereigns (sic) of Spain were the cause of all mischief, and that King Ferdinand never should have taken Brescia; that King Ferdinand dealt doubly, and had played their King several tricks, but two above all. First, when the 10,000 English were sent to Guienne for its seizure, he failed to march his army as promised; but having by means of the English obtained the kingdom of Navarre, the French being unable to succour it, as they were on the other side the Pyrenees, he then took no further trouble. Secondly, he made truce with France without the knowledge either of the King of England or of the whole island (insciente el Re de Ingalterra ma a tuta l'ixola), and sent word to the King of England not to invade France this year. The latter replied that he would cross despite them all, and meant to see who would hinder him.
At the English court the Emperor was considered fickle, and although he was sending 15,000 men towards Lorraine, they met certain persons on the road, who told them they were [already] under command (sic).
Notwithstanding this, should the King of France come to good terms, the King of England would make peace. On being asked the conditions of such agreement, they said, “some good tribute;” also that their King derived much profit from peace, whereas war gave him only renown. That in times of tranquillity he levied his duties, the kingdom being frequented by the galleys, which yielded considerable revenue.
Enquired, moreover, on what terms the King of England was with the Duke of Burgundy.
They said the Flemings were averse to war with France, because the Archduke was young; but as the King of England had sent 6,000 men against the Duke of Guelders, without which aid the whole of Flanders and Brabant would have been laid waste and plundered, the Lady Margaret had supplied the English with helmets and wagons.
A marriage was being negotiated between the Archduke and a sister of the King of England, and would take place.
[Italian, 51 lines.]
Sept. 11. Sanuto Diaries, v. xvii. p. 36. 299. Bortolomeo Contarini, Captain of Cremona, to the State.
Dated 7th September.
Announces great rejoicings at Milan for the capture of Terouenne.
Sept. 12. Sanuto Diaries, v. xvii. p. 36. 300. Report derived from the German factory of the defeat by the English of the French.
Sept. 12. Sanuto Diaries, v. xvii. p. 36, 37. 301. Venetian Ambassador in Rome to the State.
Dated 9th September.
On the preceding day had been with the Pope at the Belveder for three hours. In discussing the agreement between the Signory and the Emperor the Pope said, “Ambassador! we perceive that you will not cede Verona, and that the Emperor will not give you the place. How can this dispute be arranged? What would you do with France? In her you must not place hope; she has too much on hand with the King of England.”
The Pope then showed him statements received from the Cardinal of England relative to the great power of the King, who intended to go to Rheims, to be crowned King of France. For the great expedition he had obtained 600,000l. (sic), equal to 300,000 ducats (sic), besides 10,000 (sic) golden ducats left him by his father.
Sends the list of Frenchmen killed and captured by the English. The English ambassador said to him, “Lord ambassador! ray King wrote a letter to the Signory many days ago, and has received no answer; yet it would be well to write to him, especially as the Emperor is there.”
Addition in the letters of Vetor Lippomano.
On the 7th the Cardinal of Sorrento, the Cardinal of England, the Lord Albert of Carpi, the Spanish ambassador, and the ambassador of Milan remained with the Pope in the afternoon until the twenty-third hour, and were supposed to be concluding some league together.
According to advices from France it was said the King (of France) could not find troops to garrison the fortresses. Also, that as the Emperor's grandson, the Archduke, would not marry the sister of the King of England, who was 24 years old, the Emperor meant to take her for himself.
Sept. 12. Misti Consiglio X., v. xxxvi. p. 24. 302. The Council of Ten to the Ambassador Dandolo, in France.
The clay before yesterday received his letters, announcing the loss of Terouenne, and the rout of the troops of the most Christian King.
As the advices from Rome were much more sinister, his letters greatly relieved them, especially as they learn that the King of Scots was about to attack England with a very powerful host, and also that the Duke of Guelders was expected shortly; both which events will singularly benefit the most Christian King, and serve as a diversion.
[Italian, 69 lines.]
Sept. 13. Sanuto Diaries, v. xvii. p. 41. 303. Intelligence contained in Letters from Rome.
Dated 9th September.
Letters from the Florentine ambassador [Roberto Acciaiuolo], dated Amiens, 26th August, confirming the rout of the French, the loss of many standards, the capture of many captains, barons, and gentlemen, and the death of many others; and announcing the taking of Terouenne some ten days afterwards; the safety of persons and all their property and horses being guaranteed.
Sept. 13. Deliberazioni Senato Secreta, v. xlvi. p. 6. 304. The Doge and Senate to the Ambassador at the [Papal] Court.
Commend his reply to the Cardinal of York, to whom desire him to return most ample thanks, requesting that, well acquainted as the Cardinal is with the sincerity of the Signory's proceedings, and the injuries inflicted on her, he will justify her conduct to his King, and induce him to favour her cause, and, as he is now with the Emperor, bring about the peace between the latter and the Signory, who on their part will never swerve from what is fair. Beseech the Cardinal to continue his good offices.
[Italian, 35 lines.]
305. Proposed Letter from Doge Leonardo Loredano to Henry VIII.
Lately received his Majesty's letters, presented by the knights of Rhodes, Sir Thomas Newport and Sir John Sheffield. Received them graciously, and promised them every facility for their passage to Rhodes. Said much to them about the Signory's desire for peace between the powers of Christendom, especially for the repression of the power of the enemies of the Christian faith.
They have omitted nothing which could tend towards concord and peace between the Emperor and the Republic, offering the most honourable terms, which were rejected. On this account the forces destined for their defence had been turned against them.
Assures the King that the State will always persevere in its extreme and ancient good will towards him.
Ayes, 89, 87.
Amendment, approving both the letters addressed to the ambassador at the papal court, with the exception of the paragraph charging him to consign the enclosure for the King of England to the Cardinal of York. (fn. 13) The above-written letter to the King of England to be delayed until the receipt of surer information from the ambassador Dandolo resident with the King of France.
Ayes, 86 99
Noes, 5
Neutrals, 1
[Latin, 27 lines.]


  • 1. Ferdinand of Arragon?
  • 2. The treaty between France and Venice had been signed at Blois on the 23rd of March 1513. See Commemoriale, vol. xx. p. 4.
  • 3. In the Diaries, the name of Sheffield is omitted, but I am enabled to supply the blank from Mr. Brewer's Calendar, v. i. p. 700, no. 4562, where it is also seen that Sir Thomas Newport was Bailiff of Eycle, a commandery, 7 miles from Lincoln.
  • 4. By Mr. Brewer's Calendar (p. 659, no.4410), it is seen that the surrender took place on the 22nd August.
  • 5. The titles of the Duke de Longueville were Marquis of Rothelin and Comte de Dunois. In the Archæologia, xxvi, 475, he is made to represent three distinct individuals ! See Mr. Brewer's Calendar, v. i. p. 664, no. 4431.
  • 6. In the original “da Ors” (from Tours?)
  • 7. This extract proves that Sir Thomas Newport and his colleague were formally acknowledged as the ambassadors of Henry VIII.
  • 8. In the original: “Et il Re mi ha ditto che ha piu carche si sc nopra da questa banda, che se havesse mosso in Borgogna.”
  • 9. The name is not given in the original, but at Rome, in September 15 13, “the” Magnifico, was Giuliano de Medici, and after the 23rd of the month (when his election as Cardinal took place) Giulio de Medici was “the” Cardinal; the one being the brother of Leo X., the other his cousin.
  • 10. Honfleur, in Lower Normandy.
  • 11. See Hall, p. 545, and Mr. Brewer's Cal., v. i. p. 644. no. 4351.
  • 12. Alluding to the war of the League of Cambray
  • 13. In neither of the official transcripts of the two letters above-mentioned has the scribe copied the paragraph concerning the consignment to Bainbridge of the missive for the King of England.