Venice: April 1514

Pages 164-167

Calendar of State Papers Relating To English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 2, 1509-1519. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1867.

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April 1514

April 5. Sanuto Diaries, v. xviii. pp. 84, 85. 390. Doge Leonardo Loredano to Henry VIII.
Dated the Ducal Palace, 5th April 1514.
Alludes to a recent letter expressing the desire of the State to make a reasonable peace with the Emperor. Whilst the Pope was negotiating this peace, complains that an army of Germans descended into the Friuli, laying waste both town and country, dragging men to torture and death: and that in one village they scooped out the eyes and amputated the forefingers of 100 innocent maidens and wretched peasants. (fn. 1)
The State deemed it a duty to succour their noble Hieronimo Savorgnano, who was besieged in the castle of Osopo, and therefore the Captain General Alviano, not only relieved the place, but routed the enemy. (fn. 2)
April 8. Sanuto Diaries, v. xviii. p. 90. 391. Letters received by the Signory from Rome, dated 4th and 5th April.
The Pope showed the Venetian ambassador the publication of the truce, made on behalf of the Queen [Juana of Castile?] at Madrid on the—March. The truce to commence on the 13th March for one year: made between the King of France and the King of Spain. The latter was apparently commissioned to make terms by the Emperor, and he [the King of Spain] also included the King of England: the King; of France including the King of Scotland. It was stipulated that the King of France was not to interfere in the Milanese.
April 11. Sanuto Diaries, v. xviii. p. 98. 392. Note by Marin Sanuto, that on the 10th of April, Hironimo Norlingh, a merchant resident at Venice, received news from Flanders, dated 25th March, that 10,000 English had arrived and landed at Mechlin (sic), that by Easter the King in person would cross with the rest of the army to attack France, and that the Duke of Guelders had taken a town in Brabant.
Memorandum by the Diarist, that this intelligence reached him through the Pasqualigi of London, though it was not believed, as the Signory had received letters from the ambassador in France, dated the 21st, which contained no allusion to the circumstance.
April 19. Misti Consiglio X. v. xxxvi. p. 141. 393. The Council of Ten to the Ambassador in Rome.
The Pope uses his best offices both with the Switzers and with England; and the King of France should accede to his wishes.
Ayes 26. Noes 3. Neutrals 0.
[Italian, 24 lines.]
April 19. Misti Consiglio X., v. xxxvi. p. 142. 394. The Same to the Ambassador in France.
Are writing in very strong terms to Rome, urging the Pope without delay to use his best offices with France, England, and the Switzers.
[Italian, 49 lines.]
April 21. Sanuto Diaries, v. xviii. p. 115. 395. Appearance in the College of Francesco Pasqualigo, announcing the receipt of letters from his brother Lorenzo in England, to the effect that the King was making greater preparations than ever to invade France, so that there would be neither peace nor truce between the two crowns.
April 26. Sanuto Diaries, v. xviii. p. 125. 396. Lorenzo Pasqualigo to his Brothers Alvise and Francesco in Venice.
Dated London, 16th March 1514.
Contradicts a report current at Venice, on the authority of news from Rome, that the King would make an agreement with France. On the contrary, he was exerting himself more than ever to be ready to cross by Easter, and in greater force than last year; and should Spain make truce with France, the English would take it amiss, though it would not signify, as they were quite sufficient to rout the French, as would be seen,
Thanks to the English fleet the Channel was free from corsairs, as the King had always ships everywhere, and for fear of them the French dared not put to sea.
April 26. Sanuto Diaries, v. xviii. p. 125. 397. The Same to the Same.
Dated London, 24th March 1514.
The Parliament had adjourned, and the Lords and the King had sent to the aliens of all nations, demanding a pecuniary contribution for his Majesty's passage across with the army. Pasqualigo and his countrymen had audience of the King, in the presence of the Lords of the Parliament, (fn. 3) and objected to the utmost against this, on the plea of its never having been customary for aliens to pay any war tax. The King spoke them fair, and they departed. Subsequently, on the day the letter was written, the King sent to tell them by his attendant William (scudier Vielmo) that it had been decreed that the Venetians and all the other aliens were to pay, for, as they availed themselves of the country and gained money there, it was only fair they should aid the increase of the realm and the honour of his Majesty, who loved them so dearly. (fn. 4)
The Venetians would have to disburse at least 150l., and prays God it may not be more. The sum would have to be paid out of his own purse, as the factory had no funds, the only Venetian merchants there being himself, Duodo, and Bavarino. As they do but little business, the quotas paid were small. The island had offered to pay the King 600,000l.: one half within a month, and the remainder on his embarkation, which was to take place after Easter, though the greater part of the army would embark before. These facts do not indicate peace, and they must not think of it; and as they had written to him that France was strengthening herself, to show England her face, he answers she will be puzzled to escape rather than to give battle. The English (sti Ingliscimani), according to report, had given the King more money and more men than last year. He was told by his friend William (Vielmo), who constantly conversed with his Majesty, and undressed and dressed him, that the King said he should have some 70,000 foot and 4,000 horse from the island, and had now written to have from 6,000 to 8,000 men engaged from Burgundy, Hainault, Flanders, and Germany; besides these, there would be 10,000 archers and 1,000 musketeers; the rest infantry and arbalast men. So that in England nothing was talked about but arms and this invasion, in which the English took part so willingly, that it was incredible: whereas at Venice an adjustment was hoped for.
April 26. Sanuto Diaries, v. xviii. pp. 127, 128. 398. Dandolo, Venetian Ambassador in France, to the State.
Dated Paris, 7th April.
Assurances given him by the King that he would make no agreement, save to the advantage of the Signory. The King had two negotiations on foot; the one to marry the sister of the King of England, the other to give his second daughter to the second-born of Burgundy, Don Ferdinand, on condition that for 13 years he (the King?) was to rule the Milanese.
He had letters from the Cardinal St. Malo, who resided at St. Malo, near the English pale, stating that the Scots had given the English a defeat of some sort, and captured a lieutenant.
The King has three armies; one in Dauphigné, commanded by the Duke of Bourbon: another in Savoy, under Gian Giacomo Triulzi, on the borders of Italy; and the third against England commanded by Monseigneur-
April 27. Misti Consiglio X. v. xxxvi. p. 151. 399. The Council of Ten to the Ambassador in France.
Have received letters from Rome of the 22nd and 23rd, whereby the Pope announces he has written to the King of France his intention of leaguing with him for the defence of their mutual territories, and promising with all speed to affect an agreement between him and the Switzers and England. On a favourable reply the Pope will aid the most Christian King by all means, and even by excommunications.
[Italian, 33 lines.]


  • 1. Incredible as it may appear, the Croat Count Christopher Frangipani took credit to himself for this diabolical treatment of the inhabitants of Mozana; for when captured, he said they had done much mischief at Marano: that the Bishop of Laybach and four other imperial councillors therefore proposed hanging them, and that he commuted the sentence in this horrible manner: adding that all the eyes were brought to him in great number in a basin, See. (See Extracts from Sanuto's Diaries, published for the Academy of Agram by Don Giuseppe Valentinelli, librarian of St. Mark's, p. 415.) By the registers of the Senate, it is seen that the unfortunate victims of Mozana were provided for by the State, a fund being set apart for the blind there.
  • 2. This letter of 50 lines, although transcribed by Sanuto in his diaries, does not exist in the Senate's Registers; but the minute is preserved in file No. 3, “Lettere del Collegio,” and vouches for the authenticity of the transcript made by the diarist.
  • 3. “In camera di sua Maestà, e li era li Signori del Parlamento.”
  • 4. As seen by Mr. Brewer's Calendar (vol. i. p. 758, no. 4848), Parliament was prorogued on the 4th March 1514, to 7th November. Nineteen Acts of Parliament are quoted, and no. 17 forbids strangers to buy leather, except in the open market, but nothing is said about the war tax to which they were subjected.