BHO

Venice: September 1514

Pages 188-193

Calendar of State Papers Relating To English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 2, 1509-1519. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1867.

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Citation:

September 1514

Sept. 1. Sanuto Diaries, v. xix. p. 1. 479. Vetor Lippomano to—.
Dated Rome, 28th August.
The ambassador Lando was better and in bed, but had been very ill. On the 26th letters were received from France, dated the 15th, announcing the proclamation of the agreement made with the King of England and of the marriage, which was concluded, so that the King of France would not come into Italy this year, though it was said he would give his second daughter to the Archduke of Burgundy. It was also said that the King of England meant to repudiate his present wife, the daughter of the King of Spain and his brother's widow, because he is unable to have children by her, and intends to marry a daughter of the French Duke of Bourbon.
The French ambassador at Rome had received letters from the French court dated the 14th August, whereby it appeared that for this year the King would not come into Italy, and was expecting the Queen from England, great entertainments being in preparation for her in France. The late Cardinal of England was suspected to have died by poison; one of his chaplains charged with the murder had been imprisoned in the castle [of S. Angelo] and had there destroyed himself; whereupon the Pope had the body hanged in public, and afterwards quartered. Certain other individuals had also been arrested. It seems the chaplain had confessed that an Englishman (uno del paese d'Ingalterra) (fn. 1) had instigated him to do the deed, though the truth would now be ascertained through these other prisoners.
According to report (si dize) the King of England demands a million of ducats from the Emperor, on account of his expenditure in the war last year in France. He means to annul his own marriage, and will obtain what he wants from the Pope, as France did with Pope Julius (sic). (fn. 2)
[Italian.]
Sept. 1. Deliberazioni Senato Secreta, v. xlvi. p. 64, tergo. 480. Decree of the Senate concerning Embassies to France and England.
Motion made for the election of a second ambassador to the King of France, to be despatched with Alvise Mocenigo, knight, already appointed. The two to congratulate his most Christian Majesty in the Signory's name; after which, Mocenigo to remain in France, and the ambassador now to be elected to proceed to England, and execute the commission which will be given him by the Senate. Persons to be eligible from all places and offices, even such as may have been elected to governorships, but have not yet departed; it being declared that, immediately on the acceptance of this legation, the governorship is to be resigned.
The individual elected to receive 120 ducats a month clear for his expenses, of which he is not bound to give any account, and to take with him 11 horses, including those of his secretary and his secretary's servant, and also two footmen. He is to be bound to reply within three days, and, if he accept, may not refuse under penalty of 500 golden ducats.
Ayes, 162. Noes, 3. Neutrals, 0.
[Italian, 18 lines.]
Sept. 2. Deliberazioni Senato Secreta, v. xlvi. p. 64, tergo. 481. First amendment to the foregoing decree:
The ambassador appointed to go to France with Alvise Mocenigo, and after congratulating King Lewis, the two together to proceed to England, and there do the like by King Henry; after which Mocenigo to remain in England. Their predecessors Marco Dandolo and Andrea Badoer to return home.
Ayes, 98.
Second amendment:
Moved that any person elected ambassador to England be liable to penalty in case of refusal; and it being notorious that on the road to England, and even more in England itself, there is a greater scarcity of necessaries than elsewhere, and especially on account of the sea voyage, be it carried, for the honour of the Signory, that on the departure of the two ambassadors from France for England, they do each receive 130 ducats a month; this salary to be continued to the one remaining in England alone; the other on his return to France to receive 120 ducats, as decreed.
Ayes, 86. Noes, 2. Neutrals, 0.
[Italian, 20 lines.]
Sept. 2. Sanuto Diaries, v. xix., p. 5. 482. Andrea Badoer to the State.
Dated London, 14th August.
A long and copious letter concerning the agreement between England and France, and the marriage. Narrates in the first place the mode in which the ceremony of the betrothal was performed; and how Mons. de Longueville, who negotiated the agreement, having been taken prisoner at Tournai, gave his hand to the King's sister, by name Mary, aged — years, and kissed her. The ambassador Badoer was present, having been summoned by the King, who showed him great kindness. The ambassadors from the Emperor and Spain, who were in London, were not invited, which caused much comment universally. The King was extremely pleased that the Signory should have been the first power mentioned as his confederate and friend. Badoer witnessed the signature of all the instruments. The league, alliance, agreement, and perpetual peace between the two crowns had been published; place being left for the inclusion of the Pope at any time; of the Roman empire within five months, no mention being made of the Emperor Maximilian; and of the Duke of Burgundy and King Henry's nephew, the King of Scotland, within three months, The nomination of the Signory of Venice had been made by both parties. The adjustment was concluded on the 7th, and proclaimed on the 13th.
The Queen (Princess Mary) did not care for the French King's being an old man of-, and gouty, whereas she is a young maiden of-; so pleased was she to be the Queen of France. She was to depart on the 15th, that she might cross over and join the King, and would go with a very stately retinue. To the envoy who made the agreement, and gave his hand to the Queen in the name of King Lewis, King Henry had given 2,0001., equal to well nigh 10,000 ducats, as also the gown worn by his Majesty at the time, which was embroidered with beaten gold, (fn. 3) worth 300 ducats,—a very handsome present for Mons. de Longueville. The General of Normandy, the ambassador, had been in England, and was present at all the ceremonies above mentioned.
Note by Sanuto, that the reigning King of England was Henry VIII., his father having been styled Henry VII.
[Italian.]
Sept. 4. Sanuto Diaries, vol. xix. p. 9. 483. Bortolomeo Alviano, Captain General, to the State.
Dated the 3rd.
Encloses a letter, dated Rome, the 30th, announcing the articles of the agreement between France and England; namely, Tournai to be retained by England. The amount of the Queen's dower unknown. The Scots comprised in the peace; the Catholic King and the Emperor excepted, but the empire included, as also the Switzers; with this condition, that any party thwarting the acquisition of Milan is understood to be excluded from the peace, in which Lady Margaret is included, with reserve touching the “superiority” of the most Christian King over certain towns held by her. The Pope, the Signory of Venice, and the Florentines were to be named as his adherents by the King of France, who, besides the stipulations in the articles, was to give a million of ducats to England, and 10,000 ducats a year; also 1,200 spears in time of war. Mutual succour in time of war by land of 10,000 foot, at the cost of the party to whom they belong; and of 6,000 men for naval warfare, to be paid by the party requiring them.
Here follows a copy of the proclamation made in France of the agreement; received by way of Rome.
St. Germain en Laye, 15 th August, 1514.
[Italian.]
Sept. 4. Sanuto Diaries, v. xix., pp. 10, 11. 484. Ballot in the Senate of an Ambassador to France and England.
Nominees 27. Elected Francesco Donado, knight, late State attorney.
Ayes 109. Noes 73.
[Italian.]
Sept. 5. Sanuto Diaries, v. xix. p. 9. 485. Peace between England and France.
Copy of the proclamation of the agreement made in France, received by way of Rome.
Announces on behalf of the King that peace, friendship, confederation, and alliance had been made between him and the King of England, to commence on the 7th August, &c. Dated St. Germain-en-Laye, 15 th August 1514.
[Italian.]
Sept. 7. Misti Consiglio X. v. xxxvii. p. 99. 486. The Council of Ten to the Ambassador in France.
Had received letters from their ambassador in Spain, dated Valladolid, 15th August, acquainting them that when King Ferdinand heard of the adjustment and peace between France and England, and that the marriage had taken place, he remained in suspense, and very suspicious.
[Italian, 68 lines.]
Sept. 8. Sanuto Diaries, v. xix. p. 16. 487. Henry Viii. to Pope Leo X. (fn. 4)
After much discussion between the ambassador of the King of the French at the English Court and his own councillors, he, at the suggestion of the Pope, has ceased from the hostilities upon which he entered for the sake of the papacy, and has made peace with the King of the French on fair terms, and honourable both to his Holiness and to himself.
Has also included the Holy Empire and the Prince of Castile, assigning them the period of one year (to commence three months hence) wherein to declare themselves parties to the peace or not; but he has not prescribed any day for the Pope's adherence. Has done his utmost to include the Duke of Milan in the peace, but is unable to obtain this result by any arguments.
With regard to the King of Arragon, as he preferred acting for himself, neither England nor France has made any mention of him.
On the other hand, King Lewis has included the Scots under conditions which he (King Henry) is of opinion they would not accept.
The peace is to last for one year after the death of either of the contracting parties; and according to the articles, which King Lewis is to ratify within the next two months, the Pope is to confirm them, and to denounce by papal censures any infringer thereof. The Bishop of Worcester, English ambassador at Rome, is charged to give his Holiness fuller particulars concerning this matter.
To render the peace more binding, he has promised the Lady Mary in marriage to the King of the French, who has most earnestly asked for her. Heretofore, when she had scarcely attained her thirteenth year, his (King Henry's; father affianced her to the Prince of Castile, with a stipulation that on his attaining the age of 13 years, he was to send his ambassadors and procurators to England formally to ratify the espousals, “per verba de prœsenti.” This condition not having been complied with by the guardians of the Prince of Castile, when the King was at Lisle last year, he referred to it by his ambassador on the 15th May 1514, but the Prince's guardians, although frequently reminded, again neglected the matter; so the Lady Mary, after holding prudent counsel, protested before a notary-public and witnesses, that she cancelled whatever had been done by the King's father in her name with the guardians of the Prince of Castile. Being thus freed, she is affianced to the King of the French, whose procurator had already contracted the marriage, by which bond the peace between himself and King Lewis would be more sincere and durable.
Had been chiefly induced to make this peace owing to the frequent and earnest exhortations of the Pope, who demonstrated that it would be advantageous not only to the Holy See, but also to the entire Christian commonwealth. Again requests the Pope to urge a universal peace with as much earnestness as he had furthered the adjustment with France.
Greenwich, 12th August 1514.
[Signed:] Henricus.
[Countersigned:] Andreas Ammonius.
[Latin,]
Sept. 8. Sanuto Diaries, v. xix. p. 13. 488. Marco Dandolo, Venetian Ambassador in France, to the State.
Paris, 24 August.
The King was gone to Etampes to see his daughters, and would return to Paris on his way into Picardy to meet his wife, who was coming from England; so Dandolo is of opinion he will not undertake the Italian expedition this year.
[Italian.]
Sept. 8. Sanuto Diaries, v. xix. p. 15. 489. Vetor Lippomano to—.
Borne, 3rd and 4th September.
The King of England had written a letter to the Pope, acquainting him with the terms he has made with France. The King had not mentioned the King of Spain, as the latter negotiated his own affairs alone. He had given his sister to the King of France. The late King of England promised her in marriage, when seven years old, to the Archduke of Burgundy, on condition that at the age of 14 he should ratify the espousals, which he failed to do.
On the morning of the 2nd high mass was sung at Sta. Maria del Popolo, there being present the Bishop de Giglis the English ambassador, and the Cardinals Fiesco, Adrian, Aginense, Ancona, Sauli, Santi Quatro, San Severino, Medici, and Santa Maria in Portico, and many bishops. Fireworks also had been let off in the evening, and the like was to be done on the morrow.
In date of the 4th writes that the ambassador had received from the Pope the letter of the King of England and the articles of agreement, and was sending them to the Signory. (fn. 5)
[Italian.]
Sept. 30. Sanuto Diaries, v. xix. p. 62. 490. Marco Dandolo, Ambassador in France, to the State.
Paris, 3 4th September.
Had been to the King at the Castle of—, where he found him with his two daughters, Madame Claude and Madame Genevre. Told the ambassador he was very glad of the news of Crema, and that he would assuredly undertake the Milanese expedition this year, and come in person and cross the Alps this winter. That he had sent 1,600 spears towards the Dauphin, and would have 20,000 infantry, &c. His Majesty was going to Paris, where the Queen was expected on the 29th September. Other advices in cipher, read in secret in the College.
[Italian.]

Footnotes

  • 1. This may mean either that the person accused was a native of England, or that he held station there, and he may have been resident at the time either in England or Rome. From Mr. Brewer's Calendar, vol. i. p. 866, no. 5356, it seems that the person suspected was some prelate in England.
  • 2. In this Calendar, date 28 January 1499, mention is made of the divorce of Lewis XII. from Jeanne of France, and his subsequent marriage to Anne of Britanny. The dispensation was granted by Pope Alexander VI., not by Julius II,
  • 3. “Qual era di sopra con oro batudo.”
  • 4. This letter has been calendared by Mr. Brewer, vol. i. no. 5319, p. 856.
  • 5. In date 30 September Sanuto records the death of Vetor Lippomano at Rome on the 26th; says he died of fever after a short illness, and that he was the son of the late Tomà Lippomano, the banker. He certainly was a valuable contributor to the Diaries.