Venice: December 1514

Pages 213-220

Calendar of State Papers Relating To English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 2, 1509-1519. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1867.

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December 1514

Dec. 1. Sanuto Diaries, v. xix. p. 199. 519. Embassy to England.
Appearance in the College of Francesco Donado and Piero Pasqualigo, ambassadors to France and England. Receipt by them, through Rome, of a safeconduct from Otavian di Campo Fregoso, Doge of Genoa, to go there and to pass into Provence. Determination for their departure in the following week: 15 horses purchased for them, already at Treviso, and the remainder, 22 in all, to be taken with them [from Venice]. Alvise Rosso and Nicolò Sagudino to be their secretaries. Note, by Sanuto, that they had already received—ducats each; and that the bill of exchange was being prepared, as likewise the presents for conveyance to the Queen of France.
Dec. 4. Misti Consiglio X. v. xxxviii. p. 16. 520. The Council of Ten and Junta to the Ambassador in France.
Arrival at Venice of the Papal secretary, Pietro Bembo. Proposals made to them by him in the Pope's name, with a threat of invasion from the Duke of Milan, Spain, Genoa, the King of the Romans, and others, aided by the Switzers, in case of refusal. Made answer commending the Pope's wish for peace, but saying that similar terms had been frequently rejected by them when in worse plight, and when the King of France was molested by the English and others; whereas he was now free, and resolved to make the expedition with a very powerful army.
Ayes, 27. Noes, 2. Neutrals, 0.
[Italian, 48 lines.]
Dec. 4. Misti Consiglio X. v. xxxviii. p. 15. 521. Decree of the Council of Ten and Junta concerning a present to be made to Mart Tudor, Queen of France.
That, as ambassadors are being sent by the Signory with congratulations on the marriage of the most Christian King and his consort, to whom it is fitting to make a present, the Council of Ten do authorize the College either to send her the large balass and pearl now in the possession of the noble Zacharia Gabriel,—as guarantee for the security given by him to the Reverend Pietro Grimani for the moneys which he (Grimani?) lent to the Signory, for the purchase of said present,—or else to expend 1,000 ducats in cloths of silk and gold; and in like manner to send to Monsr. Robertet, as a present, either cash, or a jewel, or something else, under the value of 1,000 ducats.
Ayes, 22. Noes, 5. Neutrals, 0.
[Italian, 14 lines.]
Dec. 7. Senato Mar, v. xviii. p. 50. 522. Decree of the Senate.
Mention of the contract made by Piero da Cha da Pesaro with the King of England to supply him with a great quantity of bow-staves. That he had been unable to send them in Venetian ships on account of the war, and that the King had heretofore written to the Signory on the subject.
Motion made for a permit authorizing Piero da Pesaro to send the bows in foreign vessels, together with 500 butts of wine of Candia, for this once, notwithstanding the Act passed to the contrary; and that in like manner all other Venetian noblemen and citizens be allowed to send wines and bows to England at the good pleasure of the Senate.
Ayes, 147. Noes, 41. Neutrals, 0.
Dec. 7. Sanuto Diaries, v. xix. pp. 207, 208. 523. Marco Dandolo, Venetian Ambassador in France, to the State.
Paris, 19th November.
Preparations of the King for the Italian expedition. Would send a powerful army. Was to have an interview, it seemed, at Christmas, with the King of England.
Dec. 7. Sanuto Diaries, v. xix. p. 208. 524. Venetian Bows for England.
Motion made in the Senate by the Sages for an export-permit in favour of Piero da Cà da Pesaro, allowing him, in conformity with a contract made by him with the King of England, to send his Majesty certain bows in a foreign vessel; which vessel to be also at liberty to complete her cargo by loading wines in Candia, notwithstanding the Act prohibiting foreign bottoms from shipping wines there without payment [of the extra duty of 18s. a butt]. Also that others may load wines for England in foreign vessels. (fn. 1)
Ayes, 147. Noes, 41.
Dec. 11. Sanuto Diaries, v. xix. p. 211. 525. Venetian Ambassador in Rome to the State.
Dated 8th December.
The Pope had written to the King of England to dissuade the King of France from coming into Italy to seize the duchy of Milan, and induce him to arrange matters and unite Christendom, but received for answer, that his Holiness knew that the King of France had been the greatest enemy King Henry had, on which account there had been a great war between them; that they had subsequently made peace and allied themselves with each other by marriage; and that King Henry, becoming acquainted with the claims of King Lewis upon the Milanese, had exhorted him to send an army to recover it, and would give him every assistance.
The Switzers, on hearing that the French were preparing for the invasion of Italy, held diets to assist the duchy of Milan, which were attended by envoys from all the enemies of Milan, but the Switzers would insist on money.
Dec. 12. Commemoriale, v. xx. p. 13, tergo. 526. Letters Patent from Doge Leonardo Loredano, approving and confirming the nomination by Henry VIII. of the Venetian Signory as his confederates, in the treaty made with Lewis XII.
Alludes to the goodwill and friendship professed by the Signory for the Kings of England, especially Henry VIII., who had so effectually interceded with Pope Julius II. The King, of his extreme justice, had included the Signory in the peace lately made by him with Lewis, King of the French, to the great satisfaction of the State, who immediately appointed ambassadors to King Henry, both to congratulate him on the marriage [of the Lady Mary], and also to return thanks for the nomination, and for other acts; charging them also, in order to render the ratification more conspicuous and valid, to present the letters patent.
[Latin, 27 lines.]
Dec. 14. Deliberazioni Sinato Secreta, v. xlvi. p. 78. 527. Reply of the Senate to the Papal Secretary and Ambassador, Pietro Bembo.
Request the Pope to defend their very just cause, as they seek nothing but selfdefence, and lest the craft of the enemy drag his Holiness and the State whither they would not. Remind him of the great power of the King of France, of his firm intention to recover the Milanese, of the favour shown him by the King of England, of the great share he has in Italy, and how at all times he and his most Christian predecessors had always been devoted to the Apostolic See.
Ayes, 07. Noes, 3. Neutrals, 0.
[Italian, 58 lines.]
Dec. 14. Deliberazioni Senato Secreta, v. xlvi. p. 79, tergo. 528. Embassy to England.
Commission from Doge Leonardo Loredano to Francesco Donato, knight, and Pietro Pasqualigo, doctor and knight, ambassadors on their way to France and England.
Pasqnaligo appointed ambassador to the King of France, and Donato to the King of England.
To go in the first place to France, and congratulate the King and Queen on their marriage. Having taken leave of King Lewis, they are to proceed to England, and congratulate the King and Queen on the marriage with the most Christian King, and request King Henry to urge the most Christian King to prosecute the attack on Lombardy already commenced. To visit such English noblemen as the ambassador Badoer shall notify, and keep them well disposed towards the Signory; after which, Pasqnaligo to return to France, and Donato to remain in England, that Badoer may return home.
Has consigned to them a silk hat (uno capello di seda), and a balass-ruby, with a pear-shaped pearl as pendant, in a jewel case, to be given to the Queen of France at their first audience. On presenting it, the pendant to be attached to the hat-band (ala stringeta del capello). With the pendant are two rings, namely a ruby and a diamond, which they are to give privily to the French secretary Robertet, as a mark of love, in the Signory's name.
[Italian, 77 lines.]
Dec. 14. Deliberazioni Senato Secreta, v. xlvi. p. 79. 529. Embassy to England.
Memorandum that by reason of the illness of Francesco Donato, knight, Sebastian Giustinian, knight, was elected in his stead. Lorenzo Pasqualigo to wait for him at Lyons.
Dec. 14. Deliberazioni Senato Secreta, v. xlvi p. 80. 530. Venetian Ambassador in France.
Letter of recall from the Doge and Senate addressed to Marco Dandolo.
[Latin, 9 lines.]
Dec. 14. Deliberazioni Senato Secreta, v. xlvi. p. 80. 531. Venetian Ambassador in England.
Letter of recall from the Doge and Senate for Sebastian Badoer.
[Latin, 6 lines.]
Dec. 15. Misti Consiglio X., v. xxxviii. p. 20, tergo. 532. The Council of Ten and Junta to the Ambassador in France.
The King of France wished England to attack Spain, and sought an interview with King Henry. The latter would, however, not consent, delayed any conference, and would not give the 6,000 English infantry. The Christian King, so far from obtaining 16,000 lansquenets, would with difficulty raise 4,000.
[Italian, 24 lines.]
Dec. 17. Sanuto Diaries, v. xix. p. 217. 533. Embassy to England.
Departure on that morning of Piero Pasqualigo, ambassador to France. Ho and his colleague Francesco Donado took leave of the Signory. Were to go by way of Ferrara, Florence, and Genoa, and to pass thence by sea into Provence; but in the evening Donado, whilst at supper, had an apoplectic fit, and was unable to depart. His recovery not being anticipated for some days, Pasqualigo went to Chioggia, there' to await instructions.
Dec. 17. Sanuto Diaries, v. xix. p. 225. 534. Embassy to England.
Motion made in the Senate by the Sages, for the election of an ambassador to England instead of Francesco Donado, who, from ill health, was unable to go, and had offered to give back 510 of the 600 ducats given him, having spent 90 for salaries of attendants, &c, that sum to be defrayed by the Signory.
The ambassador elect, should he accept office, to depart within ten days, under penalty of 500 ducats.
Ballot taken, and election of Sebastian Giustinian, knight, who took time to reply until the following morning.
Dec. 18. Misti Consiglio X. v. xxxviii. p. 22. 535. Decree of the Council of Ten and Junta, concerning the Balass and Pearl destined for Mary Tudor.
The College having determined to send to the most Christian Queen, by the ambassadors to France and England, the balass and pearl: declared that the said balass is the one which was formerly in the hands of the Procurators of St. Mark, and by order of the College given to Zacharia Gabriel, and which is now taken from him and sent to France.
Ayes, 26. Noes, 2. Neutrals, 0.
[Italian, 8 lines.]
Dec. 19. Senato Terra, v. xviii. p. 177. 536. Embassy to France and England.
Pietro Pasqualigo appointed ambassador to France and England. Put to the ballot that, by authority of this Council, the said Piero Pasqualigo may take with him silver for the value of 400 ducats at the Signory's risk.
Ayes, 157. Noes, 5. Neutrals, 0.
[Italian, 6 lines.]
Dec. 19. Lettere del Collegio (Secreta). File no. 3. 537. The Doge and College to Pietro Pasqualigo, Venetian Ambassador on his way to France and England.
Would receive from the secretary, Andrea Rosso, a box containing another box of black velvet, with a gilt handle, enclosing a white silk hat and appendages. Would also find a small case containing two rings, in one of which was a large ruby, and in the other a diamond; also a pendant balass, with a pear-shaped pearl beneath it, which balass was to be fastened to the hat.
Is ordered to dispose of the three articles as enjoined him by his commission; and to announce the receipt of all the jewels in detail by letter in his own hand.
Dec. 19. Deliberazioni Senato Secreta, v. xlvi. p. 82. 538. The Doge and Senate to Marco Dandolo, Ambassador in France.
In a recent despatch he mentioned having been told by King Lewis that a new league would shortly be formed between him, England, the Signory, and the Pope. In reply, he is to announce their full consent.
[Italian, 16 lines.]
Dec. 19. Sanuto Diaries, v. xix. p. 219. 539. Venetian Ambassador in Rome to the State.
Dated 15th December.
Details his conversations with the Pope. Mentions the receipt of advices that the King of England had written to the King of Spain that he would proclaim war against him, should he oppose the King of France; and that he (the Pope?) meant to give Parma and Piacenza to the Duke of Milan.
Apparently, the King of France and the King of England were to hold a conference on St. Thomas's day [29th December] at-.
Dec. 21. Commemoriale, v. xx. p. 12. 540. Pietro Pasqualigo, Ambassador to France and England, to the State.
Chioggia, 21st December 1514.
Announces the arrival of his secretary Andrea Rosso, who, besides his commission, consigned to him the silk hat and the balass with its pearl, as pendant for the hat; also the diamond and ruby set in two rings. Expects his horses in an hour, and purposes departing for Ferrara at daybreak on the morrow.
Dec. 27. Deliberazioni Senato Secreta, v. xlvi. p. 82. 541. Embassy to England.
Motion made in the Senate, owing to the illness of Francesco Donado, ambassador elect to France and England.
After taking leave of the Signory, he had a grievous and perilous fit, and in the present severe weather could not depart without risk of his life. Understanding the State required the immediate departure of himself or his successor, he has intimated to the Signory that notwithstanding the expenses incurred by him for his own outfit, and four or five months' wages in advance (as usual) for his attendants, amounting to upwards of 200 ducats, he is content that some one he appointed in his stead.
Ballot accordingly for his successor. Is to refund the 600 ducats received on account; but it not being fair for him to incur the entire loss of the 200 ducats, especially of the sums given to others, it was moved that he be reimbursed the monies paid for salaries of attendants, for drink-money given to horse dealers, for the purchase of horses and their conveyance, and other irrecoverable expenditure, which does not exceed 90 ducats. The remaining 510 ducats to be paid by him immediately to the person elected in his stead, to whom the Signory will make good the balance required to complete the 600 ducats. The individual elected to reply this evening, if in Venice; if not, tomorrow morning; and after accepting, to depart within ten days, under penalty of 500 golden ducats.
Ayes, 192. Noes, 3. Neutrals, 0.
Elected, Sebastian Giustinian, knight, who accepted.
[Italian, 25 lines.]
Dec. 27. Sanuto Diaries, v. xix. p. 227. 542. Venetian Ambassador in France to the State.
Paris, 28th November.
On the 27th the King had departed for St. Germain, in Picardy, to confer with the King of England, who was to cross over to France, and King Lewis would go straight to meet him on hearing of his arrival.
He himself had remained in Paris. St. Germain was three days' journey thence.
Dec. 27. Sanuto Diaries, v. xix. p. 226. 543. Lando, Venetian Ambassador in Rome, to the State.
Dated 17th, 21st, and 23rd December.
The Pope had absolved the Bishop de Giglis, ambassador of the King of England, who was in custody accused of having poisoned the Cardinal of England, but who was found not guilty.
Had conversed with the Cardinal Bibiena about the interview to be held between the Kings of France and England, which was important.
Dec. 27. Sanuto Diaries, v. xix. p. 227. 544. Embassy to England.
Scrutiny in the Senate for an ambassador to England,—twenty-two nominees.
Ballot resulted in favour of Sebastian Giustinian, knight.
Ayes, 131. Noes, 74.
Dec. 28. Sanuto Diaries, v. xix. p. 228. 545. Embassy to England.
Appearance in the College of” Sebastian Giustinian, knight. Acceptance by him of the post of ambassador to England. Requested the Signory to increase the salary of 120 ducats, as in reality it could not cover the expenses, because in England it was requisite to entertain constantly, and to keep a good table.


  • 1. As seen in date July 1, 1499, the Signory announced to Henry VII. their repeal of a duty of 4 ducats a butt on wines conveyed from Candia under any other flag than the Venetian. This duty had been imposed in 1489; it was met by a duty of 18 shillings on each butt of Malmsey brought to England in Venetian vessels. The King not having consented to repeal the duty in 1499, the law exacting 4 ducats for each butt loaded by foreign vessels in Candia remained in force, though exemptions were occasionally granted, as appears by the Senate's registers “Mar,” date 14 May 1500, and above in December 1514.