BHO

Index: F

Pages 671-689

Calendar of State Papers Relating To English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 24, 1636-1639. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1923.

This free content was digitised by double rekeying and sponsored by the Arts and Humanities Research Council. All rights reserved.

Citation:

F

Fabroni, Luca, gentleman of the queen mother :

scheme against France, 278.

not to be admitted to England, 446
-, queen gets ban withdrawn, 449.

warned to abstain from intrigues, 463
-, Le Coigneux tries to overthrow, 484.

falcons :

king of Morocco presents to Charles, 316.

Faliero, Andrea :

Turner sold as galley slave to, and resold, 368, 369.

Falmouth, co. Cornwall :

van Galen fights Dunkirkers off, 6n
-, ship from New France seized at, 472n.

Fame, merchantman :

exports currants from Zante, 453, 454.

Fanshawe, Richard, secretary of the Ambassador Aston :

sent to England for supplies, 76
-, sent to England in haste, 349.

reports ship for Chevreuse, 353
-, brings Aston's desire for recall, 371
-, Aston recommended as successor, 374.

Farnese, Odardo I., duke of Parma :

besieged by Spaniards in Piacenza, 147
-, Conn regrets plight of, 148
-, makes terms with Spaniards, 156
-, should have received support, 157
-, France unable to uphold, 198.

Fayal, Fayall, Azores Islands :

sugar exported from, 427n.

Feldin. See Fielding.

fen lands, redemption of :

rioting over, 430
-, king claims return of, 447
-, revenue expected from, 448
-, discontent caused by claim, 448.

Ferdinand II, emperor, Csar, 21 :

war of Denmark with, 235, 236
-, unjustifiable treatment of Palatine, 305, 306
-, never meant to keep promises to England, 306.

Arundel's negotiations with, 2
-, England will urge Palatine's claims on, 3
-, French waiting to hear answer of, to Taylor, 5
-, French disbelieve English representations about, 7.

pressing for diet at Ratisbon, 7
-, wants to make self absolute by diet, 16.

Arundel waiting for audience of, 9, 14
-, entertainment of Arundel, 10
-, Arundel's first audiences of, 17.

Leicester waiting to hear reply of to Arundel, 10, 15
-, Polish Palatine match depends on settlement with, 15
-, peace negotiations with Swedes, 16.

Arundel produces promises of restitution, reply, 17
-, will never buy off Bavaria with hereditary dominions, id.

Bavaria demands expenses from, in case of restitution, 18
-, Curtius asks Correr for information about views, 20.

evasive reply to Arundel, 24
-, Arundel reports audiences of, 33
-, Arundel speaks highly of, 35.

unable to remedy subservience of ministers to Oate, 35.

wishes to confront Arundel and Taylor, 35
-, honours to Arundel, 37.

Arundel wants promise that settlement shall not bar Palatine's further claims, 35
-, Arundel writes soberly of negotiations with, 39.

Oxenstierna urged to make peace with, 38
-, no reliance to be placed on good intentions, 47.

Saxony to urge to restore Palatinate, 43
-, impatience for news of negotiations with Arundel, 51
-, Charles refers to negotiaions with, 55
-, treatment of Palatine may make England turn to France, 60.

Arundel goes to Ratisbon to see, 65
-, Arundel approaches again about Palatine, 78.

Palatine against waiting longer for decisions, 67
-, can get no satisfaction from, 75, 83, 100.

Hague astonished at plain speaking of, 78
-, writes to England, 79
-, Radolti presents letter, 84.

reported offence to Arundel, 81
-, Oate says Arundel misrepresented, 90, 127.

Arundel has long conferences with, 93, 98, 101
-, anxious to settle difficulty, 102, 117.

France not to make peace without restitution by, 96.

Spaniards assure that no danger from England, 102, 103
-, Oate more ruler than, 111.

makes considerable offers to Dutch, 110
-, Denmark asks for patent of sovereignty over Baltic, 115, 135, 159.

attitude stiffens Bavaria, 114
-, entrusts English negotiations to elector of Mainz, 117.

Arundel speaks well of intentions, 118
-, Arundel reports secret negotiations with, 122, 127
-, Bavaria prevents giving satisfaction, 132.

Charles expresses resentment with, 133
-, makes Orange prince of empire, 135.

difficulty of England resisting Denmark's naval claims with, 136.

Swedes treating with for peace, 142
-, Oxenstierna says England should not object, 147.

Palatine's protest against translation of electorate, 151.

marriage alliance strengthens tie with Poland, 157
-, fear of sudden peace with Sweden, 160.

death, 161, 167, 172
-, expectation of considerable results from, 167, 172, 182
-, Oate neglects to inform king of, 182.

deceived electors over admission of Bavaria, 306
-, all sacrificed to dynastic ambition, 306.

Arundel convinced of insincerity, 307
-, Arundel left Taylor with, 385.

-, daughter of. See Cecilia Renata.

Ferdinand, son of the emperor Ferdinand II, king of Hungary :

1636 :

Arundel confers with, 10, 14
-, refuses to see Arundel, 21.

election as king of Romans will make emperor absolute, 16.

emperor refers Arundel to, 24
-, Arundel has long conferences with, 93, 101
-, Arundel detained by promises of, 103.

elected king of Romans, 117
-, impression made by news in England, 123
-, Oate announces, 127
-, Bavaria prevents giving satisfaction, 132.

1637 :

Richelieu says election contrary to laws of empire, 129
-, Charles refuses to receive envoy about, id
-, Taylor protests against election, 152.

Radolti informs Charles of election, 133
-, Palatine protests election void, 134, 145, 151, 212.

-, the emperor Ferdinand III, Csar :

no chance of England treating with, 167
-, uncertainty about recognition, 167, 172.

Swedes disposed to separate peace with, 167
-, but not if England helps, 190.

disposed to accept Venetian mediation, 172
-, terms for Sweden continuing war with, 190.

places Lower Palatinate in hands of Philip IV, 174
-, Philip writes to suggest satisfaction to England, 178.

Charles will not recognise, 177
-, says accession not legitimate, 182
-, Taylor does not give title to, 191.

Denmark offended with for abolishing Elbe tolls, 188.

Taylor sees about settlement for Palatine, 191
-, restitution depends on, 209.

England waiting to see what may expect from, 192
-, Charles undecided about recognising, 199.

Palatine's protest prevents Charles from dealing with, 212, 213
-, inclined to send minister to England, 215.

Palatine's manifesto against. 212
-, threatens Hamburg, if allows congress of enemies, 223.

Denmark advocates interposition, to upset French alliance, 219
-, fears of Danish understanding with, 220.

attitude of Charles to proposed embassy to, 221, 238
-, Taylor newly accredited to, 228.

Swedes treating with for accommodation, 228
-, broken off, 314.

intimations from coalition to, 230
-, terms of Anglo French treaty to be shown to, 234, 269
-, only called king of Hungary in articles, 235.

English hope treaty may be useful for negotiations with, 238.

indifferent whether Palatine's case settled by justice or favour, 246.

Taylor tries to get final decision from, 253
-, treats Taylor well, 261.

promise of Spain to, to settle Palatine's claims, 253
-, learns that Oate has upset all negotiations, 268.

Palatine desires Venetian mediation with, 261.

upsets peace negotiations with France by excluding Protestant princes, 270.

Gordon accused of being bribed by, 271
-, resolutions of congress of allies to be communicated to, 275.

Spain hopes Dutch will provoke to break neutrality, 279
-, not Dutch interest to break neutrality, 287, 310
-, prepared to recognise king of Poland, 290.

Saxe Weimar treating for accommodation with, 290.

favours giving Mantua regency to Infanta Margaret, 311
-, letter of Gallas to, 354.

appoints deputies to treat with Sweden, 343, 347, 356
-, sends to observe Gallas, 356.

England intermediary for France with, 346.

1638 :

Swedish negotiations with, 364, 370
-, English want broken off, 373
-, at an end, 390.

Gallas waiting for orders from, 373
-, raid by Uscocks at suggestion of, 398.

subsidy to from Spain for Flanders, 374
-, Bellievre remonstrates about negotiations with, Charles denies, 385.

Landgravine of Hesse rejects peace proposals, 404
-, Mainz urges need of reconciling Bavaria and Palatine, 417.

Denmark estranged from over Bremen, 429
-, Palatine said to be treating with, 461.

trying to open negotiations with Sweden, 429.

equal treatment of Venetian ambassadors, 434, 435
-, England would follow if allowed Savoy's claim to royalty, 460.

French king asked to get passports from, for Palatine, 465.

1639 :

Bavaria asks for custody of Rupert, 488
-, to give Bavaria compensation for Palatinate, 503.

excludes Palatine from peace congress, 493, 502
-, recognises Palatine as ally of France, 502.

sends Staremberg to be keeper of Rupert, 513
-, says decree against Palatine should not prevent meeting at Brussels, 517.

Cologne negotiations might have disposed to peace, 522
-, holds back owing to ambiguity of English behaviour, 526
-, impossible to get satisfaction from, 561.

princes of Savoy attack Piedmont under patronage of, 526n.

puts peace before everything, 532
-, plenipotentiaries, expected at Brussels, 552.

to hold two fortresses in Palatinate, by Spanish terms, suggested, 541.

agrees to Palatine attending Cologne congress, 574, 585
-, obtained by Venice, 586.

Denmark promises to plead Palatine cause with, 576.

Ferdinand, son of Philip III, Infant of Spain and Cardinal, the Cardinal Infant :

1636 :

sends Silvio to England, 60n
-, Necolalde to serve as secretary, 63, 246
-, false report of Dutch negotiations with, 142.

1637 :

sends for Piccolomini, 243
-, approaches Soissons in vain, 243
-, unable to save Landrecies, 254.

Orange gives slip to and besieges Breda, 251
-, unable to disturb Orange there, 255, 267.

thanks queen of France for information, 260
-, proposed coalition against France with, 277.

captures Venloo and Ruremonde, 267
-, reported defeat, 288.

treats queen mother with respect, 278
-, full powers to settle question of Palatinate, 290.

Tomaso consults, on brother's death, 316
-, Spanish army for, 374.

sends Irish troops on fleet from Dunkirk, 363
-, orders to admiral of Dunkirk fleet, 395.

Oate's opinion on Swedish match for, 377, 378
-, difficulties in Flanders, 422
-, urges despatch of munitions from England, 424.

French considered unable to resist, 433
-, sends to England to buy horses, 457.

1639 :

Monsigot takes queen mother's manifesto to 495n
-, her object to get permission to export embroidery, 499, 501.

remonstrance with for seizure of fishing barques, 512.

proposed negotiations with about Palatine, 517
-, Dutch negotiations with, for accommodation, 522.

Cardenas wants ambassador sent to, about treaties, 543
-, Brussels negotiations started by, 548.

offers German cavalry against Scots, 545
-, offers designed to obtain protection for Dunkirk, 547.

asked to have queen mother back, 566.

tries to send help to Oquendo, 575
-, sends him 16 ships, 584.

Cardenas informs of outrages of Dunkirkers on fishing busses, 584.

Norgate sent to, to justify action about fleet, 589
-, gives him friendly welcome, 596.

urges Spain to settle differences with England about Palatine, 596.

-, -, secretary of. See Axpe, Don Martino d'
-, Necolalde, Juan de.

-, -, steward of. See Pacheco, Juan, marquis of Cerralbo.

Ferdinand Maria, son of the duke of Bavaria :

birth discourages Palatine, 113
-, proposed marriage to English princess, 522, 523.

Ferentz, Ferens, Palatine's Councillor :

reports pro Spanish suggestion of English ministers, 139.

-, Colonel :

sent to France to ask for Palatine's debt, 174
-, waste of time, 188.

Ferragalli :

despatches to Conn, 507n, 570n.

Ferrara [Prov. Ferrara, Italy], 570.

Fert Nabert, Henry de, marquis of Senneterre, Sennecterre, Seneter, French ambassador to England, 51 :

French attitude inconsistent with mission of, 2
-, original proposals of, 164.

1636 :

Bouillon visits, 3, 9
-, Correr informs of Spanish overtures, 39
-, curious about issue, 92.

taxes England with insincerity, 5
-, remonstrates at seizure of frigates, 23.

suspicious and perplexed, 47
-, strong representations to king on state of Europe, 53, 54.

presses king for generous declaration, but gets inconclusive reply, 55.

despatch quoted, 60n.

makes most of circumstances, 60
-, long audience of king, 64.

kept in dark about negotiations at Paris, 66
-, comments upon proposals, 82
-, professes to know nothing, 86, 90, 96.

applies for levy of Irish, 67, 76, 84.

pleased at Venice sending to congress, 76.

to give Palatine title of elector, 86
-, Correr will follow example, 87
-, Conn visits, 92.

says negotiations approaching conclusion, 93
-, says France would not object to independent force for Palatine, 104.

1637 :

Beveren complains to of not being informed of negotiations, 123.

feels Pougny's death deeply, English do not appreciate, 128
-, attends Pougny's funeral service, 135.

attendance on the queen, 152
-, speaks of preparations for campaign, 199.

says French ministers will not remember debt to Palatine, 174, 187.

expresses himself freely in private letters, 183
-, not sure if Avaux coming to England, 210.

remonstrates against cod fishing patent to Kirk, 187.

apologises for delay over treaty, 198
-, reports treaty concluded, 221.

says France will stand by Dutch, if attacked, 209.

urges Palatine to join Hesse, 219
-, suggests placing Palatine's fleet at disposal of France, 227.

leaves Correr in doubt about treaty, 230.

taking leave, 240
-, king resents departure, 241, 251
-, back in Paris, 255.

Fielding, Anne lady, wife of Basil viscount Fielding :

Fielding unable to respond to marks of honour for funeral, 143.

Fielding, Fildin, Fildem, Filden, Feldin, Fildinch, Fildingh, Basil lord, English ambassador at Venice, 31n, 34 :

residence at Venice, 144.

1636 :

represents grievances of English merchants, 26, 27, 30, 31, 43, 61
-, reply to upon, 42, 50, 51, 88.

further offices on subject, 48-51
-, further reply, 57, 92.

reply to about Hyde, 72
-, reception of reply, 73, 74
-, response to, 74.

ill with all household, 74
-, asks to be exempted from duty on wine, 92, 93.

recommends Hyde to Signory, 75.

1637 : 242, 250, 253, 255 :

congratulations to doge at new year, 121
-, reports appointment of Grimani, 151.

complains of arrest of Nave and Boni in house, 137, 138, 161
-, reply to, 137, 138
-, will not accept explanations, 139, 143, 144, 145
-, Correr speaks to king about, 161-163, 170, 171.

asks pardon for Michiel di Cecca, 140.

Correr to forstall any representations to king, 140
-, advantage over Correr, 163.

king disturbed by account of, 165
-, account discussed in Council, 168.

favours shown to, over merchants, 170
-, no intention to insult, id
-, question ruled by clamour of relations, 170, 171, 175
-, king promises to recall, 171, 175.

to demand reparation for affront, 171, 180
-, instructions to communicated to Correr, 174.

opinion at Court about, 175
-, Correr expresses regret about to king, 178
-, influence of relations, 180.

salary as ambassador extraordinary, 175.

Senate surprised at not hearing about, 176
-, reparation demanded for, 179-181
-, makes demand for reparation in Collegio 195-197
-, reply to, 197, 198.

to come away if not satisfied, 181
-, Senate notes efforts for recall, 193
-, advised to abandon attitude, 194.

Senate hope that representations will make no impression, 184
-, Senate amazed at king's attitude about, 188.

Council of Ten sends papers on to Collegio, 185.

has gondolier beaten, 185, 186, 200
-, Correr informs king, 206
-, does not report, himself, 208.

rescues man who mutilated woman, 185, 186, 188
-, information given to king, 200, 206.

took little house to make room for visitors, 197.

removal practically decided, 200
-, king hopes to do it in friendly way, 208.

further office on reparation demanded, 200-203
-, sends paper to explain office, 203, 204, 212, 222
-, apologises for paper, 224.

explains Mendnor affair in Collegio, 201, 202.

Senate's replies to about reparation, 205, 206
-, Boni to be handed to, 205, 206, 211.

offending officials to be punished, 205, 206
-, report of officials' action, 210, 211.

king defends, 206
-, reason for king's favour to, 207
-, ministers consider in right, 207, 208.

own report of mutilating incident, 208
-, Senate does not wish to press case or prejudice, 218, 231.

wants king to thank Venice for favours to merchants, 210.

office in response to reparation offered, 211
-, Correr considers matter adjusted, 216
-, ministers ask Correr about, 220.

not inclined to return home, 216
-, mother would like to stay, 226.

asks for punishment of offending officials, 218, 221
-, punishment promised, 221, 222
-, informed of punishment, 224, 225, 230
-, gets offenders released, 225n, 228.

office on invitation to send to Cologne, 221, 238.

Correr sees king about satisfaction given to, 225
-, Oate's opinion of affair, 229.

reports Venetian jealousy of trade at Ancona, 228n.

presents memorial in Collegio, 228
-, asks that orders in favour of merchants be fulfilled, 232.

firmly established in favour, 231
-, thanks doge for reparation, 232.

office on establishing general peace, 231, 239
-, reply to, 233.

appeals for Hobson, 232, 239
-, efforts to advance trade, 240.

letters of Boswell to, 214n, 237n.

imparts general news, 243, 244, 247, 254, 267, 275, 288, 290, 291, 314.

announces treaty with France, 246, 247, 262, 294
-, response to, 248, 316
-, office upon reply, 250.

reports Palatine's visit to Holland and reception, 254
-, Lady Denbigh wants French embassy for, 262.

reports intrigue to get congress called at Rome, 274
-, announces invitation for congress of allies, 275
-, reply to, 280.

servant wounds Venetian, arrested, office upon, 276
-, office postponed, 279
-, office read to, 280
-, servants released, 276, 280
-, regret for incident, 283.

in Collegio about Mantuan affairs, 283, 284.

appeals for Watts, 285
-, Watts pardoned, to gratify, 286, 287, 319, 322
-, reply to office upon, 289, 291
-, thanks for, 323.

servant kills Venetian at S. Moise, 290
-, office in Collegio upon, 291, 292, 308.

reason for recurring incidents, 291n
-, dismissed servant, 309, 322
-, incidents do no no good to, 326.

asks for servants release, 308
-, office upon read to and remarks, 312
-, no news of affair at Court, 312
-, Correr speaks to Windebank of, 322
-, and at Court, 324.

further office and claim to judge own servants, 313, 314, 320
-, reply upon, 317, 322, 334
-, rejoinder, 335, 336
-, further reply, 337
-, final office, 341, 342, 346, 355.

seriously ill, 317, 343
-, recovered, 334.

account of Piazza affair, 324, 325
-, king told of, 325
-, Zonca sees Coke about, 339, 340.

mission to Savoy, 324
-, instructions, 326, 333, 343, 346
-, courier with robbed, 351.

question of returning to Venice, 324, 326, 333, 340, 343, 351.

greatly indebted to Venice, 326, 343
-, informs Grand Duke of French alliance, 354.

1638, 440 :

complimentary office at new year, 352
-, conclusions from office, 353
-, not returning, 359.

Zonca's offices on shooting affair, 355, 356
-, restrained office due to instructions, 365.

question of succession, 360, 388, 389, 394, 396.

reports secret negotiations with Rome, 362
-, not truthful, 363
-, rivalry over succession to, 388.

relations wish to leave Venice, 363
-, announces mission to Savoy, 367.

desires French embassy, 363, 398
-, departure for Turin, mission to Mantua, 378.

office on co-operation in Italy, 366, 367
-, suggests reconciliation with Savoy, 367, 368
-, response to, 369
-, reply and answer of, 375, 376.

asks release of Turner, 368, 369
-, returns thanks, 376, 388.

chain voted for, 369, 388
-, and refreshments, 379
-, complimentary office with on departure, 383.

courier to delayed, 371.

thanks for assistance to Palatine, 381
-, recommends merchants, 381.

announces departure, 381-383, 388
-, introduces Talbot as charg d' affaires, 382, 394.

departure and route, 383
-, Hamilton pleased at honours to, 389
-, Venetian generosity to applauded, 396.

only complimentary duties at Turin, 388, 390
-, stays to visit Houssay, 394.

reports reconciliation of Venice and pope, 394, 401.

Savoy's complaints against, 404, 406
-, Savoy desires recall, 407.

urges importance of peace on duchess, 405
-, advises against French alliance, 407n.

exporting pictures from Venice, 406, 426
-, and statuary, 420, 423, 428.

disappointed of French embassy, 411, 468
-, possibility of obtaining, 421
-, mother's efforts for, 447.

king incensed with and recalled, 412
-, expected replacement at Venice, 418
-, confirmed in position, 420, 421, 424.

authorised Burdet acting as consul at Zante, 415n.

marchioness Hamilton sister of, 416
-, mother tries to get position at Court for, 424.

Savoy desires to remain, 423, 424
-, fresh complaints against, recall desired, 447.

reports alliance of Savoy and France, 425, 426
-, behaviour in Savoy disapproved, 469.

uses influence to return to Venice, 437
-, Cisa sure of return, 466
-, which desired, 466n
-, efforts to get, 468.

sending books and papers to Hyde, 450
-, appeal for Giannoncello, 482.

sends presents to king and queen, 468
-, report on French intentions, 486.

to return to Venice as ambassador extraordinary, 471
-, credentials sent, 478
-, capacity undetermined, 479, 480.

delay in return, 480
-, Talbot announces return, 482
-, Venetian satisfaction at return, 483, 485, 491.

1639 :

Venetian doubt as to capacity in returning, 487
-, mother has made extraordinary, 499.

route of return, 490, 491
-, Talbot announces arrival, 494
-, Talbot's offices about reception as extraordinary, 499, 500, 504.

fresh credentials, 499, 500, 514
-, decision about reception, 503
-, orders for, 509, 510, 511.

instructions to Talbot about reception, 504
-, concession about lodging and defraying, 505, 509, 514.

expected marriage to Lady Bayning, 501
-, Senate wants to know if returning after marriage, 509, 520.

complains of treatment, 505, 506
-, threatens to return home, 506
-, audience in Collegio and thanks for favours, 513-515.

office upon Turkish difficulty, 514
-, Zonca reads paper to upon, 517
-, further office, 518, 519.

marriage to Lady Bayning upset, 516
-, another rich match for, 540
-, disappointed, 551.

returning to England on affairs, 518
-, representations for reconciliation with Savoy, 518-520, 523, 524, 526, 527.

offices for Symonds, 518, 524, 527.

reply to about Turks, Symonds and Savoy, 522, 532
-, further reply to about Savoy, 526.

presents memorials for merchants, 524, 527, 538
-, memorials of Hyde to, 527-530, 546.

takes leave, Talbot in charge, 527
-, Senate wishes to know about return, 532.

memorial of Symonds to, 531, 537
-, departure, 534
-, at Paris, not allowed to cover before king, 539.

assurance of return to Venice, 540
-, intending to return to Venice, 542, 544, 551, 552.

sees Correr at Paris, assures of help against Turk, 540
-, reaches London, speaks to Giustinian of reconciliation with Savoy, 542.

sets out to see king, 544
-, effort to get post at palace for, 546
-, disappointed, 551, 571.

back in London, 551
-, sees Giustinian, promises support against Turks, 552.

informs king of conversation with Correr, 553, 561
-, talk of return to Venice dies away, 560.

hopes of rich marriage revived, 560
-, negotiations nearly completed, 563
-, married to Barbara Lambe, 572.

returning to Venice after marriage, 563, 572
-, Venice wishes to know if returning, 564.

fresh effort to get post in household, 574, 583
-, taking part in masque and then returning to Venice, 603.

-, -, secretary of. See Hyde, Mr.
-, Reeve, John.

Fielding, Susan, countess of Denbigh, 207 :

representations about Nave affair, 165
-, king promises to recall Lord Fielding, 171, 175.

hopes relations with Venice will be improved, 194
-, Correr to speak to on settlement of Nave affair, 218
-, delighted at settlement, 226
-, thanks Correr, 262.

sided with Venice against Buckingham, 226.

anxious for son to marry, 226
-, wants to get French embassy for son, 262, 399.

appreciates generosity to son, 319
-, Zonca's office with on shooting affair, 356.

tries to get Court post for son, 424
-, tries to get him French embassy or Venetian, 447.

secures son's return to Venice, 471
-, gets him fresh credentials as extraordinary, 499.

trying to secure rich match for son, 540.

tries to get post at palace for son, 546, 574
-, Fielding's influence at Court through protection of, 603.

-, William, earl of Denbigh :

takes up case of Persian merchant, 34
-, representations about Nave affair, 165.

takes Correr to final audience, 289, 293
-, Zonca's office with on shooting affair, 356.

Fiennes, William, viscount Say and Sele, baron Ceii :

appeals against ship money levy, 332
-, attention excited by case, 338, 353.

refuses military oath and arrested, 536
-, released and sent home, 539.

Fildem, Filden, Fildin, Fildinch, Fildingh. See Fielding.

Filisburgh. See Philipsburg.

Finch, Sir John, chief justice of the Common Pleas :

to give judgment on ship money case in June, 410, 419
-, expected to decide for people, 425
-, judgment for king, 426.

Finett, Sir John, Master of the Ceremonies :

tries to bring Correr and Oate together, 37, 38, 46, 61, 71, 80, 81, 85, 88, 92, 97
-, letter to Correr, 98.

Oate informs of intention to give Correr parity, 229
-, Correr arranges with for final audience, 282
-, informs Correr of knighthood, 293.

fetches Bellievre to audience, 333
-, tells Bellievre that he and wife denied queen's coaches, 422.

at Dover, Giustinian awaiting return for entry, 464
-, asks Giustinian to postpone entry, 469.

Giustinian treats with about visiting Palatine, 565, 568, 578.

Finisterre, Cape [Galicia, Spain] :

Barbary pirates cruising off, 599.

Fior Dorato, ship :

brings case of pocket pistols, 16, 53.

fishermen, Dutch, fishing fleet, admiral of, 57 :

arrested by English fleet, 50
-, induced to pay toll, 56
-, report of, 58.

fishermen, Dutch :

1636 :

English demand of licences from, 1
-, opinion in Holland upon, 7
-, States fears for, 19, 24.

put to sea with strong escort, 22
-, Beveren gets fleet against stayed, 32.

question discussed in Council, 36
-, king agitated about, 46.

squadron of fleet sent after, 36, 38, 47
-, protection of fleet for, 56n.

return unmolested with good haul, 38
-, no connivance from England for, 53.

English fleet exacts toll from catch of, 52, 56, 58, 62, 85, 91
-, Dutch remonstrances upon, 62.

fishing in middle of sea, 60, 68
-, Charles refuses to discuss question, 63
-, and threatens, 68.

Dutch inclined to submit about, 71
-, until better opportunity for resentment, id.

fleet sails to find, 73, 77
-, fleet leaves alone, as defended, 84
-, fleet will not trouble again for year, 94.

English protection worth more than tax on, 80.

question discussed in Dutch assembly, 95
-, Boswell suggests commisison to discuss question, 98.

growing exasperation in Netherlands over, 105
-, Joachimi to make representations, 108.

need of licence for asserted, 113.

Dutch try to get Arundel to take up question, 122.

1637 :

threatened if do not take licences, 129
-, Holland takes measures to protect, 139.

reported negotiations of Dutch with Cardinal Infant touching, 142.

Princess Palatine holds out hopes of settlement, 145
-, argument for same as English against Danes, 160.

Charles will not relax attitude to, 155, 158
-, but only a show, 173.

some take licences independently, 159
-, question interfers with French treaty, 173
-, little progress about, 177.

Richelieu wants let alone while alliance lasts, 187
-, English resent French interference, id.

encounter with avoided, 219
-, English indifferent about Dutch measures to protect, 223.

Dutch hope will escape molestation, sail as usual, 226
-, Northumberland ordered not to molest, 231, 235, 237, 252
-, but takes licences for, 235
-, licences taken, 241.

dispute about waived, 241.

Palatine asks what to say to Dutch about, 235
-, Palatine avoids subject, 245.

Beveren leaves without speaking of, 248
-, Beveren disappointed at issue, 249.

Northumberland sails to force licences on, 261
-, fleet attempts nothing against, 265, 272.

Dutch will do nothing for Palatine till question settled, 265, 310
-, Dutch have way about but do not send to Hamburg, 278.

fresh threats against, 318
-, little gratitude for connivance, 319
-, ship money fleet only good against, 327
-, promise not to molest, 413.

1639 :

risk of destruction of fleet if attack on Oquendo fails, 585, 588.

-, English :

outrages by Dunkirkers on 581
-, fresh injury by, 584, 589
-, Norgate sent to Brussels about, 589.

Fishing Association.

Dunkirkers seize ships of, 512
-, petition because of damage done by Dunkirkers, 581, 584n.

Flam. See Fleming.

Flanders and Flemings, the Netherlands, Spanish Netherlands, 427, 475 :

news from, 261, 316, 365, 377, 522.

ordinary from, 394
-, couriers from, 557.

consumption of currants in, 538
-, Egmont learned war in, 560.

Flanders :

1636 :

Bouillon to command French cavalry in, 9n.

English escort money to, 25
-, Beveren protests against, 32
-, French alliance prevents transport of men and money to, 96, 97.

Aytona's son arrives from, 25
-, English keep open passage to, 37
-, blockade of would bring Spain to terms, 89.

money forwarded to contrary to king's orders, 59, 73
-, money for seized at Dover, 83.

English ship from, tries to evade duties, 113
-, Dutch view of efficacy of blockade, 114.

1637 :

England in no position to attack, 130, 141
-, England's advantage for Spain to keep, 139.

Spaniards advantage from adjustment in, 131
-, money for sent by way of Italy, 154.

Palatine's fleet not to attack as England unwilling to lose trade, 145.

French ill treat English ships taking food to, 180
-, fortresses in as pledge for Palatine, 193
-, English protect constant passage of men and munitions to, 209.

Anglo French negotiations about conquests in, 218
-, Palatine to attack coasts 233.

English remonstrate to about work at Gravelines, 224.

Necolalde leaving for, 246
-, queen mother may leave, 262.

dissatisfaction in at Lorraine's retreat, 247
-, French queen betrays weakness of Picardy to, 260.

English convey money from Spain to, 274
-, Elizabeth Dorcas carried goods of, 286.

1638 :

Chevreuse going to, 357, 371, 410, 417
-, Vosbergen nearly wrecked off, 362.

English naval forces can imperil, 359
-, English troops serving in, 385.

Spain subsidising army for, 374
-, fleet to fetch troops from Galicia for, 380.

money brought on Victory sent to, 384
-, French remonstrate at convoy of money to, 389.

affects restitution of Palatinate, 418
-, French fleet sails to join Dutch off, 425.

Pennington to watch French and Dutch fleets off, 419
-, Cardenas sends munitions of war to, 421, 459
-, indignation over, 428.

Egmont waiting to hear from, 436
-, Gerbier returns to, 459.

ships seized by Dutch to serve against Turkey, 445.

queen mother leaves unexpectedly, 445
-, manifesto on leaving, 493n.

English offer to cut off supplies from, 463.

1639 :

recruits for English serving in, 488
-, Scot sent from to offer troops, 545.

new manifesto of queen mother sent to, 495
-, Tyrone leaves suddenly for Spain, 498.

sending money to Dunkirk by Charity, 496n
-, Cardenas offers money for royal ship to take money to, 562.

Cardenas tries to get troops for taken by English merchantmen, 525
-, forbidden by Admiral, 534
-, embargo removed, 539
-, Bellievre tries to prevent, 541
-, arrangements made for, 553n.

proposal to use English fleet to defend, 541
-, offers for English to take men and money to, 606.

Chevreuse disposed to go to, 551
-, Cardinal Infant asked to have queen mother back in, 566.

Tromp lies in wait for men and money for, 552
-, and intercepts, 552, 563
-, Cardenas sends those who escaped, from England to, 555
-, English merchants acted at own risk, 555
-, French have right to prevent, 560.

Austrians want ambassador sent to for negotiations, 559.

men and money for landed at Plymouth, 574
-, Dutch represent as subterfuge, 576
-, Cardenas explains need, 581
-, money for in English ports, 592.

governor of. See Ferdinand, the Cardinal Infant.

merchants of. See merchants, Flemish.

president of the privy council in. See Roose, Pierre.

ruler of. See Philip, archduke of Austria.

fleet, ship-money, the second, (1636) :

captures the Black Bull, 6n, 7, 14
-, captures two French frigates, 23.

returns to Plymouth after missing fishing fleet, 16
-, more ships ordered to join, 22
-, merchantmen seized to join, 23.

size of, apprehensions from, 24
-, Beveren gets sailing to North stayed, 32.

being equipped to threaten Dutch, 32, 46
-, squadron sent after fishermen, 36
-, news of impatiently awaited, 38, 47.

merchantmen to reinforce, 47 ;in three squadrons, 56
-, Dutch fleet salutes, 71.

arrests admiral of Dutch fishing fleet, 50
-, exacts toll from fishermen, 52, 56, 58, 85.

merchantmen for released, lack of captains, 60.

returns to Downs, 63, 70n
-, king orders complete equipment of, 68
-, completely replenished, sails in two squadrons, 73, 77.

talk of augmenting, 84
-, Northumberland leaves distributed along coast, 91.

withdrawn to Downs and Thames, 94
-, orders to renew provisions for, 107.

fleet, ship money, the third, 1637 :

ministers busy over equipment of, 158, 184, 199
-, to sail in May, 184, 199.

to maintain sovereignty of sea, 193, 205.

not sailed, 213
-, sailing delayed though ready, 215, 219, 223.

Danish mission to learn objects of, 223
-, to sail before Belaw returns, 228.

to take Palatine to Holland, 229, 234
-, escorts him across, 237
-, king upset at not hearing of, 248.

not to molest Dutch fishermen, 231, 237, 252
-, Oate tries to have sent against, 365.

Belaw takes report about, 236
-, returns to Downs, employment uncertain, numbers, 252, 256.

rumours of reinforcements for, 256
-, sails from Downs, 261
-, to extreme north, 266.

back in Downs, disarming expected, 271
-, Pennington left in charge, 278
-, in Downs ready to enter Thames, 282.

fleet, ship money, the fourth, 1638 :

preparations for, 377
-, promised to be ready soon, 391
-, tax collected inadequate for, 401.

king appoints captains for, 413
-, to sail at end of June, 419
-, squadron sent to Scottish waters, 458.

fleet for service under Palatine, 134, 158, 219 :

decision to equip 22 ships, 141
-, Orange told about and comment, 145.

expected objective against treasure fleet, 141
-, right to search even English ships, 146.

to join French fleet, 152, 155, 174.

Dutch expect nothing from, 158
-, Palatine consults Beveren about employment, 176.

constitution of, and powers, 173, 174
-, may bring Palatine more trouble than strength, 177
-, king may withdraw because of French reserve, 180.

ships reduced to 15 and volunteers stopped, 181
-, to be ready in May, 184, 199.

lieutenant generalship offered to Frederick of Hesse, 183.

French call project piracy, 183
-, Senneterre suggests placing at disposal of France, 226.

shortage of volunteers for, 199
-, ships ready, employment uncertain, 213
-, sailing deferred, 219.

Princess Palatine does not want son to command, 227.

remains idle, 230, 238
-, to sail with patents from French king, 233.

Belaw takes report about, 236
-, included in royal fleet, 252
-, lukewarmness about, 294.

fleet, contributions for, taxes for. See ship-money.

- See also navy, the royal.

-, Dutch. See under Netherlands.

-, French. See under France.

-, Spanish. See under Spain.

Fleetwood, Flitwud, Sir George, Scottish colonel :

mission to Sweden, offering help, 160
-, and to remonstrate about action of Grotius, 161
-, satisfactory report of, 189.

Fleming, Flam, Oliver, English agent with the Swiss :

reports negotiations with Weimar, 500
-, in England on private affairs only, 502.

returning, knighted, 516.

to make arrangement with Saxe Weimar for Palatine, 516
-, takes king letter from duke, 534.

schemes about Saxe Weimar's army, 566.

to get Swiss to help Palatine, 573, 580
-, Senate wishes to know about mission, 583.

intrigues contributed to French decision to arrest Palatine, 591
-, stopped at Paris, 592
-, Bellievre complains of offices with Swiss, 602.

Flemings
-, See Flanders
-, Netherlands.

Flitwud. See Fleetwood.

Florence [Tuscany, Italy] :

queen mother urged to retire to, 457, 464, 466, 481, 497
-, French insist upon, 505, 511, 513.

-, Grand Duke of. See Medici, Ferdinand II de', Grand Duke of Tuscany.

Florida, N. America, 304.

Flushing [Prov. Zeeland, Netherlands] :

ship of, 14n
-, Pelican carried into, 427n.

Folkestone, co. Kent :

Dutch warships seized off, 561n.

Fonseca, Manuel de, Azvedo, Zuniga y Ulloa, count of Monterey, Spanish viceroy of Naples :

warned that pope preparing an army, 267.

Fontainebleau [Seine et Marne, France] :

Leicester has audience at, 4, 14, 18
-, ambassadors treat with Bouthillier at, 14
-, king at, 487.

Fontenay Mareuil, Fontane, marquis of. See Duval, Franois.

Force, due de la, marshal de la. See Caumont, Jacques Nompar de.

foreigners :

pay double duty in England, 178
-, allowed to practise trade for fee, 387.

forests :

policy of Charles upon, 299.

Forth, Firth of, river of Edinburgh :

Hamilton anchors in, with army, 541
-, Hamilton lands men on islands in, 543
-, blockaded by fleet, 546.

Fortune, Hamburg ship :

seized and released by Dutch, 561n.

Foscarini, Piero, Venetian Ambassador (Bailo) at Constantinople :

despatches to the Senate, 9, 57, 139.

-, -, senior councillor :

replies to Fielding, 285, 289.

-, -, Savio alla Mercanzia, 538, 546.

-, -, Avogador, 482 :

Foscolo, Lunardo, Savio alla Mercanzia, 30, 58.

Fraistat. See Freystadt.

France and French, 295 :

news from, 248, 255, 316, 478.

despatches sent by way of, 474, 476.

alliance with England against Charles V, 10
-, valour of English against, 296.

break down of Arundel's negotiations led to alliance with, 307.

Holland's mission to, 385
-, wine export to England, 388.

Venetian ambassadors claim parity with ambassadors of, 565, 568, 578.

1636 :

menacing attitude of England to, about dominion of sea, 2, 4, 45
-, should be modified by Oate's conduct, 33.

reluctant to restore Miniken, 2
-, threat to join with Dutch against England, 6.

objects of English negotiations with, 3, 34
-, England aggrieved by attitude to negotiations, 5.

Bouillon to command cavalry in Netherlands, 3, 9
-, Zawadski in, 19.

Northumberland to take ships flying flag of, 6
-, Northumberland coasts without result, 16.

tax Charles with writing falsely to Princess Palatine, 7
-, supposed concert with England in negotiations with Austria, 18.

England gets trade of with Spain, 16, 87
-, resent English shipping money to Flanders, 37.

naval claims as good as English, 19
-, English seize 2 frigates, 23
-, uneasy about English fleet, 24.

Spaniards may profit from strained relations with England, 25
-, England not displeased at Spanish successes in, 37
-, but begin to regret, 60.

England will not engage in alliance against, 35
-, remonstrance at irregularities committed by, 36.

glass trade of, 42
-, Charles unwilling to affront by receiving Bec and Soyecourt, 68.

Senneterre speaks to king of difficulties of, and need of alliance with England and Dutch, 54.

hope to profit by disgrace of Windebank and Cottington, 59.

proposed alliance with England, 64, 73, 119
-, Charles inclined to, 66
-, alliance likely if straight forward, 71.

indifference to England, 66, 67
-, English hope Dutch will join alliance with, 80.

prospects of recovering lost territory, 67
-, Turks may check Spanish success in, 78.

Princess Palatine says England cannot trust, 70
-, believe England does not want general peace, 76.

trade agreements with England to be observed, 71
-, pressure on Orange to take field, 72
-, disposition to make peace, 82
-, report of negotiations with Spain, 116.

negotiations with used to help Arundel, 75, 100, 114
-, use negotiations to help against Spain, 76.

detest idea of restitution of Lorraine, 76, 82
-, to give up Bavaria if England abandons Lorraine, 95.

ideas of alliance differ from England's, 82
-, England to protect coasts and grant levies to, 86, 96, 117.

Dutch incline to peace because of differences with, 86
-, war with Spain relieves Dutch, 106.

not captious about Palatine's separate command, 87, 104
-, intrigues against marriage of Palatine princess, 90.

imperialists aim at detaching Savoy from, 88
-, imperialists fear England may encourage against emperor, 103.

Oate moved to act by negotiations with, 91
-, negotiations used for this, 96
-, Austrian offers made to prevent alliance, 103.

export of English horses to, measures to prevent, 92, 93
-, English use alliance to establish sea claims, 104, 106.

obligations under alliance, 101
-, Austrians indifferent about alliance, 117.

English resent indifference over alliance, 106
-, England's desire for alliance cooled, 108.

Dutch resent negotiations with, without participation, 109, 110.

English confident about alliance, 113
-, but becoming uneasy, 116.

negotiations with for surrender of Lorraine, 117
-, indifferent about Cologne congress if England does not declare, 118.

1637 :

Charles regrets disturbance in by flight of Monsieur and Soissons, 123
-, internal troubles look worse, 130
-, advantage of to Austrians, 131.

Princess Palatine confident of alliance with, 124
-, Arundel's report makes England want, 130.

peace with Spain would destroy Palatine's claims, 131.

articles of alliance offered by, 131, 132
-, contributions to alliance, 136.

Spaniards do not believe in alliance with England, 132
-, or the Dutch, 139.

Charles to help Palatine without waiting for treaty, 134
-, but danger if not accepted, 141.

more dangerous to England in Flanders than Spaniards, 139.

treaty unlikely if insist on England making war on imperialists, 141, 142.

Dutch told to await result of negotiations with, 142
-, articles signed with two points reserved, 146, 147.

English ministers become quite sympathetic to, 147
-, and declare will have every satisfaction, 152.

unable to assist Parma, 147
-, Spanish efforts to prevent treaty with England, 178.

king rules out English fleet guarding coasts, 152, 153
-, conclusion of treaty announced, 157.

English suspect negotiations with Austrians, 153, 177, 210
-, taking measures for general peace, 158.

Palatine asks for repayment of debt from, 155, 174, 188.

England awaiting decision about terms, 161, 182, 214, 223
-, Leicester complains of holding back, 164
-, do not accept English proposals, 179.

Princess Palatine hopeful about treaty but Dutch sceptical, 166
-, terms settled, 173
-, only one difficulty left, 174.

expected to refuse to acknowledge Ferdinand III, 167
-, governed by young men who don't remember ancient things, 174.

English suspicions of delay of treaty, 177, 181
-, reserve may prejudice fleet for Palatine, 177, 180
-, English charges against, 183.

ill treatment of English ships for Flanders, 180
-, consider England's share unequal, 183, 191, 192.

two fresh points raised, 187
-, alliance necessary before everything else, 189, 227
-, danger of breakdown, 192
-, ill feeling with England grows, 193, 221.

interference over Dutch fisheries may wreck treaty, 187
-, protest at English refusal of mediation, 192.

likely to resent patents for fishing off Canada, 187, 188
-, deeply offended by English escorting 40 merchantmen to Dunkirk, 209.

urge sending ambassador to Hamburg, 189, 199
-, idea of forming coalition at, 230.

England tries to stimulate by Swedish negotiations, 193
-, England will not help Sweden unless sure of, 194
-, fear that Swedish negotiations may impel Austria to make peace with, 205.

Correr proceeding to, 194, 250
-, order to move there first, 239, 253
-, Correr sails for, 327.

Charles hesitates between Austria and, 198
-, Senneterre speaks of great preparations for campaign, 199.

Oate points out feebleness of, 198, 236
-, emperor tries to buy off England from treaty, 215.

Orange asks for troops to attack Dunkirk and offers to take Gravelines for, 204.

Princess Palatine says will have to ask for treaty with England, 205
-, reported progress of negotiations, 213-215.

will defend Dutch against English attack, 209.

England's reasons for pressing alliance, 215
-, disputed points that delay conclusion, 218, 219.

Dutch complain of being kept in dark about treaty, 216, 245
-, Dutch believe England will keep up appearance of treaty with, 226.

Charles fears aggrandisement as much as that of Spain, 220.

abandonment of Valtelline, 225
-, Oate says will have to make peace, 237.

Senneterre wants Palatine's fleet placed at disposal of, 227.

different views about treaty, 230
-, Charles accepts proposals for two treaties, terms, 233, 234.

Palatine informs mother that treaty with England concluded, 234
-, English ministers announce treaty concluded, 235.

England agree to keeping Bar and part of Lorraine, 236
-, English rejoice at successes in field, 241.

Avery to communicate treaty to Oxenstierna, 237
-, ratification of allies required, 238.

English consider vigour declining, 238
-, English feeling against too strong to allow an alliance, 240
-, English rejoice at successes, 241.

Spanish counterblast to treaty with, 241
-, Palatines do not expect much from treaty, 244.

besiege Landrecies, 243
-, take it, 252.

might object to Venetian mediation, 245
-, Venice commends English treaty, 250, 280.

will not accept Cologne congress if princes and towns not admitted, 247
-, Oate accuses of delaying congress, 252, 264.

success of treaty with England depends on Dutch, 249
-, Dutch insist on being approached about, 251.

armistice would destroy English treaty, 255
-, want to lead England gently on, 257
-, England dilatory over treaty, 258.

Spaniards efforts to upset treaty, 258
-, French queen tries to upset, 260, 268.

English reserve about terms with, 260, 262
-, English profess indifference about making terms with enemy, 260.

Palatine does not count upon, 261
-, Dutch scorn treaty, 264
-, objections to treaty, 265, 266.

jealousy of Taylor's negotiations, 261
-, suspicious of English sincerity, 262, 284.

Spaniards suspect queen mother of treating with, 261
-, allowance to queen mother, 263.

Fielding would like mission to, 262
-, religious of, familiar of Conn, 277.

Oate speaks of negotiations for accommodation, 263, 264.

England cannot make war because cannot trust, 268
-, Charles refers to negotiations for truce, 270.

Correr obtains terms of treaty from Charles, 269, 270
-, Charles attaches scant importance to alliance, 270.

establishment of alliance remote, 274
-, preoccupied elsewhere, 307
-, suggest resumption of negotiations at congress, 309.

object to English transporting money to Flanders, 274
-, queen mother's coming arranged in, 275
-, Monsigot's designs against, 277, 278, 281
-, Chevreuse flees from, 278, 279.

Spaniards would like Dutch to join against emperor, 279
-, Charles wants Dutch to join alliance with, 287
-, alliance communicated to Venice, 316.

Swedes wish to see whole of English treaty, 289
-, influence of queen mother's intrigues on treaty, 291.

Saxe Weimar's union with unsatisfactory, 290
-, Scottish levies for Weimar in, 312.

victory over Spaniards on frontier, 293
-, Spaniards determined to drive out of Mantua, 310, 311
-, English want Mantua in hands of, 312.

Venice can rely on support in opposing Spain, 310
-, reinforcements for Weimar, 315.

Bellievre not expected to bring articles of alliance, 319
-, Austrians rely on English reserve with, 320.

Windebank taxes with hanging back over treaty, 322.

treatment of ambassadors in England, 323
-, conduct of Venetian ambassadors in, 335.

will do nothing except jointly with allies, 325
-, alliance with Sweden extended, 343.

letters of marque issued against ships, 328, 329n, 340, 342, 346
-, ports closed against English, 328, 329.

English ships and goods seized in, 329n, 333, 340, 342.

communication with interrupted, 340
-, England will agree to place chosen for congress, 346.

war forces to use English ships, 340
-, Spain foments differences with England, 349.

Swedish demands of, 347, 356.

1638 :

Oate derides alliance with, 354
-, Leicester thinks trying to force England's hand, 355.

English alliance depends on allies, 358.

Spaniards apprehensive of, in Piedmont, 354
-, reported league to drive out of Italy, 362, 363, 365.

negotiations on maritine differences, 357, 358, 373, 378
-, to be settled before other business, 373.

English surprised at behaviour over alliance, 359
-, Swedes deny delaying alliance, 373.

help to Sweden, 364
-, English help to Sweden depends on, 370
-, agreement with Sweden, 403, 413.

Savoyard dislike of, 371
-, Oate says overbearing in Italy, 377
-, renewal of alliance with Savoy, 398, 425.

object to Chevreuse visit to England, 372
-, objections to Taylor, 385.

help asked for Palatine, 372, 393, 394
-, pleased at Weimar's success, 388
-, Palatine waiting for armies to move, 397.

bad relations with neighbours, 372
-, charge English with holding back alliance, 375.

Pearl case settled, 378, 380, 385
-, English objections, to, 380.

titles used for royalties, 380
-, pay consulage when using English ships, 396.

suspicious of English courier sent to Spain, 389
-, indignation at England convoying munitions to Flanders, 428.

English hopes of alliance rising, 390
-, Charles wants alliance to help Palatine, 401.

efforts to get Chevreuse back, 405, 409, 425, 440, 464, 472, 473
-, court etiquette in, 421.

Savoy threatened by, 405
-, England would follow if recognised Savoy's royalty, 406.

Fielding advised Savoy against alliance with, 407n, 412.

Charles prefers Spanish alliance to union with, 418
-, Spaniards try to prevent union with, 437.

help desired for Palatine, 422, 473
-, English breach with Austria depends on agreement with, 439.

ships off Dunkirk salute English flag, 427
-, Spanish army on frontier watching, 458.

movement of troops towards Spain, 428
-, army in Hainault unable to resist Cardinal Infant, 433.

English alliance not sufficiently advantageous to, 446.

queen mother's appanages in promised, if goes to Florence, 457, 466, 468, 481
-, king tries to get return to, 480.

duke of La Valette made responsible for rout of army, 466n, 473.

royal ship to take Cisa to, 467
-, ship of from Canada seized in England, 471
-, threat to seize English ships in, 472.

Fielding loses chance of embassy, 468.

Lorraine's negotiations with, 469
-, suggestion for England to force to restore Lorraine, 474.

may make peace excluding Palatine, 473
-, Joachimi fears making separate peace, 479.

queen mother means to make trouble for, 475
-, queen mother's manifesto slanders, 492, 495.

asked to exchange Casimir for Rupert, 481
-, buying warships in Holland, 484.

1639 :

queen's wet nurse fetched from, 484
-, clique of malcontents in England, 496.

Palatine to be restored with investiture from, 486
-, insist on Palatine being included in peace, 489.

Charles tells governor of Breisach not to surrender to, 486
-, Palatine considered as ally of, 493, 502
-, Weimar unwilling to give control of Breisach, 512.

suspected of helping Scots, 490, 493, 511, 512, 533, 540, 546, 549, 590, 592, 605
-, levy of Scots granted to, 501, 541, 547
-, and of English, 521.

Chevreuse unwilling to return to, 493, 506
-, Dorad sent to fetch her, 495
-, returning to, 537, 545
-, delays, 551, 560.

oppose return of queen mother, 497, 504, 505, 511
-, Charles treats for her return, 501, 504, 506, 516
-, fear of sudden return, to, 566.

not interest for Weimar to attack Bavaria, 498
-, English agreement with Austria against, 503.

England too occupied to prevent attacking Dunkirk, 510, 526
-, too preoccupied to meddle with Scots, 511
-, suspected designs on Dunkirk and Gravelines, 533
-, Charles means to thwart, 547.

census of, in London, 512, 516.

may oppose English agreement with Weimar, 516
-, supply money to Dutch, 522.

Venetians urge to attack Pinerolo, 519
-, Taylor recalled to allay suspicions, 523.

English fear of attacking Dunkirk, 521
-, feared attack on Channel Islands, 525.

threat to attack English ships conveying Spanish troops, 525, 537.

duchess of Savoy controlled by, 526n
-, Swiss fear of, 534, 566
-, Monod arrested at request of, 542.

English offers at expence of, for restoration of Palatine, 532, 599
-, English do not mean to be tied to, 548, 549.

idea of English alliance vanished, 533
-, strong English feeling against, 534
-, danger of war, 540, 589.

king breaks promise to, about Spanish negotiations, 541
-, king's assurances of faith to, 548, 576.

Leicester returning to, 542, 572
-, England asks too much of, in exchange of Rupert, 572.

Dunkirkers prey on shipping, 548, 552
-, Dutch ask for help against Oquendo, 573, 575
-, design of Oquendo against, 581.

malcontents in England countenanced by king, 557
-, and support his designs against, 606.

Augier's remarks likely to make trouble with, 557
-, incensed at England's action about Breisach, 578.

Chrevreuse treating for settlement of Lorraine with, 560.

will help Palatine if England does, 567
-, choose Longueville to command Weimar army, 572.

Palatine crosses to, 580, 583
-, king sends to about arrest, 592, 596
-, action justified, 597.

Spanish warships wrecked on coast of, 589
-, queen helps Aerssens because of Dutch alliance with, 601.

king's arming against not taken seriously, 602
-, his designs against, 605.

-, Council of :

decide to shut up Chevreuse, 273.

France, fleet of :

sails for strait of Gibraltar, 23
-, enters Toulon, 60.

sails for Mediterranean, captures Turkish pirates and releases English captives, 82.

to be kept in commission by terms of alliance with England, 101
-, talk of joint action with English and Dutch, 130.

Palatine's fleet to join, 152, 155, 174.

English hope for appearance against Gravelines, 227
-, suspected designs on Gravelines, 525.

ordered in Britanny, 375
-, expected off Dunkirk, possible attack, 419
-, sail to join Dutch, fly Dutch flag, 425.

captures many English ships with stores for Spain, 458
-, Charles deprecates searching English ships, 560.

cruising in Channel, threatens Dunkirk, 547.

Spaniards expect attack on treasure fleet, 553
-, Oquendo had to take precautions against, 581.

fear junction with Dutch may destroy trade with Spain, 555.

English ready to prevent insult from in Downs, 575
-, watches Dunkirk closely, 603.

lieutenant general of. See Lorraine, Henry de, count d' Harcourt.

France :

garde des sceaux. See Bullion, Claude de.

king of. See Henry II
-, Henry IV
-, Louis XIII.

marshals of. See Blanchefort de Crequy Charles de
-, Caumont, Jacques Nompar de, due de la Force
-, Coligny, Gaspard de, sieur de Chatillon
-, Hallier, Franois du.

merchants of. See merchants, French.

princes of the blood, 277, 278 :

do not cover before king, 366.

queen of. See Anne of Austria.

queen mother of. See Medici, Mary de.

secretary of State. See Bouthillier, Leon, count of Chavigny.

secretary for war. See Sublet, Franois, sieur de Noyers.

Venetian instructions to representatives in, 144, 386.

Franche Comt [France] :

victory of Bernard of Weimar in, 252
-, French occupied in, 307.

Franchi, Franco, Giovanni Nicolo de', Genoese merchant :

wins action against Capt. Stewart for reals seized by Oate, 263, 384.

Oate speaks to king on question, 384
-, Oate urges despatch of case, 396.

king promises justice to, 411
-, objects to judgment threatens reprisals, 416.

Francis Hyacinth, duke of Savoy :

Venice ready to be friendly to, 311
-, doubts cast on legitimacy, 318n
-, troops swear fealty to, 354.

English desire to reconcile with Venice, 376
-, Fielding complains of slight from, 406
-, death communicated to England, 484.

Franciscan :

sent to fetch Chevreuse from Saragossa, 295.

Franco. See Franchi.

Frankenthal [Upper Palatinate, Germany] :

imperialists suggest cession of, 102.

Frankfort on Main [German Empire] :

news from, 10, 22.

Arundel sending goods to, 65n
-, Arundel ordered to stop at, 84.

John Louis of Nassau leaving for Brussels, 517
-, Weimar's army supposed near, 599
-, Curtius sent to, for diet, 600.

Frederick II, king of Denmark :

negotiations with about northern fisheries, 159n.

Frederick, prince of Denmark, son of Christian IV, bishop of Bremen :

emperor intends to deprive of bishopric, 429.

Frederick IV, elector Palatine of the Rhine :

loan of, to Henry IV of France, 156.

Frederick V, elector Palatine of the Rhine and king of Bohemia, 35, 568, 578 :

Arundel demands all hereditary possessions of, from emperor, 17.

harm done by, to Germany, 65
-, goodwill of Venice to, 152, 247.

accepted crown of Bohemia, 305
-, irregular manner of deprivation, 305, 306
-, left son worse off, 307.

-, children of. See Charles Louis
-, Edward
-, Elizabeth
-, Gustavus
-, Maurice
-, Philip
-, Rupert.

Frederick III, duke of Holstein Gottorp, duke of Holstein :

de Vic visits, 219n.

Frederick, duke of Luneburg :

willing to attend congress at Hamburg, 284.

Frederick, brother of Landgrave of Hesse :

takes leave, presents and offer to, 183.

Freeman, merchantman :

exports currants from Zante, 452, 453.

French. See France.

Freystadt, Fraistat [Upper Austria, Germany] :

despatch dated at, 36.

Arundel passes through, 34.

Friesland, East [Germany] :

Palatine to take field in, 287.

Fuenterrabia [Guipuzcoa, Spain] :

rout of French at, 466n.

Fuentes, marquis de. See Guzman, Juan Claros de.