BHO

Index: S

Pages 757-776

Calendar of State Papers Relating To English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 24, 1636-1639. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1923.

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Citation:

S

Saavedra, Saiavedra, Diego, Spanish minister :

not going at once to Mantua, 377.

Saban Bey called il Valapano :

illicit dealing in oil, 42
-, carries off Hyde, 443.

Sabbionetta [Prov. Mantova, Italy], 275.

Sckingen [Baden, Germany] :

Duke Bernard captures, 388n.

Sackville, Edward, fourth earl of Dorset :

takes Oate to audience, 77, 80.

Safi, Morocco :

Pearl taken off, 329n.

Safilero. See Crow, Sir Sackville.

Saiavedra. See Saavedra.

sailors :

shortage, for landing from fleet, 130
-, proposal to levy for manning fleet, 134.

Wyche redeems captive English, at Constantinople, 139.

St. Andrew, royal ship :

in winter squadron, 63n.

St. Denis [Seine, France], 160n :

Leicester fetched from, 1.

St. Denis, royal ship :

equipped but lacks captain, 60.

St. George, royal ship :

equipped but lacks captain, 60
-, takes Princes Palatine to Holland, 237n.

St. George, fort, del Mina, Minoa, in Guinea :

Dutch capture, 357.

St. Germain en Laye [Seine et Oise, France], 414 :

ambassadors to wait for king's return to, 592
-, Palatine hopes to see king at, 593.

despatches dated at, 475.

St. Helens Road, Isle of Wight :

Antelope in, 282n.

St. Jean de Luz [Baise Pyrnes, France] :

French fortify, 458.

St. Malo [Ille et Vilaine, France] :

English goods seized at, 329n.

St. Margaret, merchantman :

exports currants from Zante, 452, 453.

St. Nicholas Island, co. Devon :

Bernard Astley made captain of, 477n.

St. Omer [Pas de Calais, France] :

besieged by Chatillon, 422
-, expected French check at, 433.

St. Peter, of Rotterdam :

captures Willing Mind, 440n.

St. Ravy, San Ravi, Sir William de :

takes congratulations on birth of dauphin, 449, 456
-, introduced to sovereigns, 458
-, takes leave, 466.

St. Vincent, Cape [Portugal] :

Barbary pirates cruising off, 599.

Sal, James, captain of the Jupiter :

burns ship to avoid capture, 442
-, comes to London to demand justice, 443.

Salee, Salle, Sale [Morocco] :

expedition sent against, 252
-, composition with, after blockade, 281, 282, 294, 316.

Morocco's delight success at, 377.

pirates of interrupted cloth trade with England, 400.

Salisbury, co. Wilts :

despatches dated at, 40, 42.

king abandons stay at because of plague, 40, 44.

salt fish :

permission to import to Venice, 197
-, might be exported to Crete, 344.

Salutation, merchantman :

exports currants from Zante, 453, 454.

salute :

English ship in trouble for firing, at Constantinople, 57.

Salvetti, Amerigo, resident of Grand Duke in England :

colleague writes to, of Fielding's departure, 389.

Salvius, Salvio, John, Swedish minister at Hamburg :

negotiations with lawyer (Dr. Soldner) for peace with emperor, haggling with French, 347
-, to hold back treaty till French pay arrears of subsidy, 356
-, denies having full powers, 359.

curt answer of English agents to, 359, 364.

makes delay to allow negotiations with emperor, 364.

has power to ratify alliance treaty, 383
-, to consign treaty of Wismar to d'Avaux, 390.

offers Palatine Swedes under King, 423.

Roe urges to take part in Lubeck congress, 455.

Sampson, of Flushing :

sailors detained in custody, 14n.

Sampson, Sanson, merchantman :

exports currants from Zante, 452, 453
-, Crow sails to Constantinople in, 466n.

San Bonaventure. See Bonaventure.

San Lorenzo, island of. See Madagascar.

San Lucar, [Seville, Spain] :

Sarah laded for, 113n
-, Charity blown up at, 496n.

-, count of. See Guzman, Gaspar de.

San Pareilli. See Parella, Marquis de.

San Ravi. See St. Ravy.

San Sebastian [Vizcaya, Spain] :

ship for Chevreuse at, 357.

Sanson. See Sampson.

Saragossa [Aragon, Spain] :

Chevreuse fetched from, 295.

Sarah, of London :

seized for trying to evade duties, and sent into Dover, 113.

Sarotti, , secretary to the Senate, 511.

Savigne, Savigni, Savigny. See Bouthillier, Leon, count of Chavigny.

Savoie, Charles Amadeus de, duke of Nemours :

designated as husband for Margaret de Rohan, 429.

Savoy :

dissatisfaction with Fielding's operations in, 469
-, Fielding's stay in, 471.

-, duchess of. See Christina of Bourbon.

-, duke of. See Charles Emanuel II
-, Francis Hyacinth
-, Vittorio Amadeo.

-, princes of. See Maurice, Cardinal of Savoy
-, Tomaso, prince of Carignan.

Savoy, house of :

Spanish design to detach from France, 88.

English urge reconciliation with Venice, 310, 311, 367, 376, 381.

Venetian objections to reconciliation, 367, 369, 522-524
-, Fielding's suggestion his own idea, 390
-, fresh overtures for, 443, 519, 523
-, enquiries about in England, 520.

claim to royal title, 406, 437
-, Graswinckle's book on, 437, 517.

English relations with, 437
-, English regard for, 490.

Fielding's plan for reconciliation with Venice, 519
-, and offices for, 526, 527
-, reply of Senate, 532
-, no overtures to Giustinian about, 540
-, Fielding urges on Giustinian, 542.

Saxe Weimar
-, Duke Bernard of
-, duke Bernard, duke of Valimar, Waimar, Weimar :

marches to join Hesse, 22
-, sends Ponickau to England for help and levies, 57
-, going to Paris, 114.

Palatine's force to unite with, 104
-, promises to take Palatine into army, 122.

moves to cross Rhine, 243
-, defeats Lorraine at Ray sur Saone, 247n, 252n.

practically beseiged near Rhine, 267
-, defeats John de Weerdt, 288.

treating with emperor, 290.

Scottish levies for landed in France, 312
-, French reinforcements for, 315.

audience of French queen, 372.

victories near Rhine, 388
-, defeats John de Weerdt at Rheinfelden, 393.

proposed marriage to Rohan's daughter, 428.

France accepts formula for, 487.

captures Breisach, 488n
-, going to Paris, 502
-, unwilling for French to control Breisach, 512.

agent offers employment to Douglas, 490
-, presses for English help, 502.

Charles wants to attack Bavaria, 498
-, negotiations upon, 500.

proposal to marry Palatine princess, 500, 534
-, Fleming to make agreement with for Palatine House, 516.

English try to induce to fight for Palatine, 512
-, news of death 561
-, destroys hope of recovering Palatinate, 562.

Fleming takes the king letters from, 534.

army of :

Palatine desires command, 565
-, officers sounded about, 566
-, their reply, 573.

blocks couriers from Italy, 572, 599
-, French select Longueville to command, 572
-, fear of French obstructing Palatine, 583.

Palatine going to, 575, 580, 583, 584, 588
-, letters from officers raise prince's hopes, 580.

Charles urged to seize Spanish money to finance, 576
-, king promises support when prince has command, 584.

prince's arrest upsets hopes of, 590
-, English intrigues about led to arrest, 591
-, French suspicions of Palatine's designs with, 593.

French may release Palatine if Charles will support, 596
-, Charles says prince alone negotiated with, 598
-, officers remonstrate about prince's arrest, 600.

-, -, gentleman of, envoy to England and France. See Ponickau.

Saxony and Saxons :

success of Swedes over, 100
-, further defeat of, 116.

coalition to expel Sweden from Germany, 194.

troops quartered in, 373.

-, duke of, elector of. See John Frederick I
-, John George
-, Maurice of Saxony.

-, prince of. See John Ernest.

Say and Sele, viscount. See Fiennes, William.

Scandaret, Scandret, M. gentleman of the queen :

sent to Chevreuse, wounded in Spain, 357
-, reports her undecided about coming to England, 385.

Scanderoon. See Alexandretta.

Scels. See Kelso.

Scherer, :

Arundel stays in house of, at Ratisbon, 16.

Schidamore, Schidemore, Schidmer, Schidmor. See Scudamore.

Sciarleville. See Charleville.

Sciaron. See Charonne.

Sciattillon. See Coligny, Gaspard de, sieur de Chatillon.

Scieurosa. See Lorraine, Claude de, duke of Chevreuse.

Scipio, merchant ship :

Fielding appeals for, in Collegio, 381.

exports currants from Zante, 452, 453.

Scisa, Scissa. See Cisa.

Scotland and Scots :

Zawadski's negotiations with king in, 13.

English claim to supremacy in waters of, 19.

gentleman of, released by Senate, 121
-, Conn consults with religious of, 277.

effect of union with England, 296.

James experienced insolence of Puritans in, 300.

1637 :

uproar in over Laud's ecclesiastical innovations, 259, 294
-, disturbances quiet down, 266
-, growing feeling against innovations, 273.

threat to expel from Poland, 273.

Council orders ceremonies to be maintained, 276
-, resistance probable, 277
-, Council busy over, reports of disturbances in, 288.

intrigues of queen mother in, 291.

determined resistance to king's ordinances, 316
-, revolt growing more dangerous, 350.

1638 :

rebels tax Laud with romanizing church, 359
-, Roxburgh's unfavourable report on, 362
-, condition worse, 387, 397.

message to king by Traquair, 370
-, Traquair represents state and begs for consideration, 379.

Leslie goes to fetch levies from, 373
-, taking them to Pomerania, 398.

Traquair sent back to with royal commands, 387
-, king's policy to condemned, 387
-, king distressed about, 389, 435, 436.

trouble in may rouse England too, 388, 443, 449
-, English want neighbours busy during troubles of, 393.

effect of royal proclamations in, 392
-, met by covenant, 392
-, circulation of, 399
-, number of adherents, 407.

proposal to use Irish troops against, 392.

king exonerates Laud from responsibility for policy in, 394, 395
-, queen urges concessions to, 395
-, king's wrath against increases, 397.

riot in London of, about Carr, 397.

Traquair's brings report of, 399
-, England powerless to coerce, 400.

Leicester and Scudamore regret trouble in, 401, 402, 441
-, example leads to disturbance in England, 430.

king decides to satisfy people, 403
-, nature of concessions to, 407
-, not accepted, 411.

Hamilton sent to, 411, 416
-, danger of Hamilton in, 412, 423
-, notables return to, to treat, 416.

designs deeper than disclosed, 417
-, king tries every way to appease, 419.

fresh demands from, foreign incitement suspected, 418
-, demands of Hamilton, 423.

news from makes king change colour, 426
-, king without friends in, 430.

demands become more impertinent, 426
-, means to throw off royal yoke, 427, 457, 458.

Hamilton's proposals unacceptable to, 432, 433
-, refuse to abolish covenant, 433.

barons of excluded from parliament, 434
-, nobles ready to serve under Palatine, 456.

affairs discussed in Council, 435
-, Hamilton brings proposals for settlement, 439, 443.

good organisation of revolt in, 436
-, preparations to use force against, 455, 464.

subject for Giustinian's attention, 437
-, anxiety for news from, 446, 447, 460.

king sanguine of easy settlement, 447
-, all proposals rejected, 448.

Hamilton sent back to with fresh proposals, 455
-, demand parliament in England, 457.

troubles in prejudice help for Palatine, 457
-, publish book justifying revolt, 459.

squadron of fleet ordered to, 458, 460
-, army assembling in Yorkshire to quell, 473.

hopes of appeasing revived, 460
-, Hamilton agrees to synod in, 464.

officers in Holland want to return home, 464, 465
-, strengthening of Berwick makes suspicious, 469.

king tries to keep measures about secret, 467
-, sends home divulger of news, 468.

king tries to appease, 469
-, chase away Arminian, demand freedom of worship, 472.

state of affairs in compels king to caution, 473
-, hopes of accord with vanish, 481.

preparations to reduce, 477, 479
-, hope to alarm into submission, 484.

fear of Spaniards encouraging, 478
-, Spanish offers to help against, 481.

report of James Hamilton upon, 479
-, Marchioness of Hamilton favours, 489.

1639 :

French suspected of fomenting, 486, 490, 493, 501, 511-513, 533, 540, 547
-, no ground for suspicion, 496, 511, 513.

send to express loyalty and ask approval for synod, 492.

ministers divided about treatment of, 492
-, ministers meet constantly about, 494.

warlike preparations against, 492, 494, 496, 500, 509, 550.

Richelieu wants particulars of, 493
-, Spain offers help against, 498.

measures for defence, 495, 512, 516
-, rebellion become general, 536.

king pleased with Hamilton's operations in, 495
-, ask for conference for agreement, 499.

fear of Spaniards profiting by disturbances to make trouble in Ireland, 498.

Astley fears to provoke by fortifying Berwick, 500
-, royal party suppressed in, 533.

paper to show England's interests one with their own, 506
-, royal proclamation against, 509.

Williams writes against liturgy for, 506.

mediation of Sweden and Denmark with, 512
-, Roxburgh sent to offer pardon, to, 520.

census of in London, 512, 516
-, London in favour of, 535, 536
-, appeal to Puritans, 536.

sagacious reply to declarations against them, 515
-, offer submission if king goes to them, 525.

capture Edinburgh castle move against Aberdeen, 520
-, capture Aberdeen, Dalkeith and Dunbarton, 524
-, Treasurer arrested for cowardice before forces, 533
-, sent back to, 536.

king's preoccupation with facilitates designs against Dunkirk, 526.

wise for king to deal circumspectly with, 533
-, claim to be merely vindicating rights, 535.

advance on Berwick, 535
-, but withdraw, id
-, bold defensive attitude, 539.

Hamilton takes force to attack from sea, 535
-, waits to land, 541
-, lands on islands, 543, 546.

democratic government set up, 536
-, arrest Huntly, 539
-, English desire success, 545.

king offers general pardon, offer to treat in response, 541
-, offer falls through, 543.

Lord Henry Ker joins rebels in, 544
-, officers coming from Holland captured at sea, 546.

threaten attack on England, 545
-, securely entrenched make no move, 546.

king urged to go unarmed to, 546
-, hopes of agreement with, 548, 550
-, terms demanded of king, 550.

property in England seized, 546, 547
-, Boswell asks Dutch to forbid trade with, 547
-, Dutch response to appeal, 550.

king fears Dutch sympathies for, 547, 548.

king orders to keep 12 m. from Berwick, 548
-, king orders attack on, 550.

king offers Austria alliance for help against, 549.

queen passionately desires settlement with, 550, 551
-, send deputies to king, agreement expected, 551
-, composition arranged, 554.

army to be disbanded, 554, 556
-, king prepared to yield everything to, 554
-, king will not leave till settlement completed, 556.

efforts to have fleet recalled from in interests of Spain, 555
-, fleet leaves, 561.

Palatines pleased at agreement with, 556
-, Augier making trouble in France over, 557.

scarcity of money caused by trouble in, 557
-, king promises to help sister when affairs settled, 560.

Venice ready to offer congratulations on settlement, 558, 564
-, French hear of with indifference, 560.

fresh difficulties caused by defiant action, 558
-, suspend fortification of Leith, 559.

strong sympathy for, in England, 558, 563, 570, 590
-, example stirs discontent in England, 571.

king persuaded not to go to, 561
-, Traquair suggests possibility of dividing nobles and people, 465.

insolent protest to king, 561, 562
-, no change in, determined not to have bishops, 563, 574.

Venice desires particulars about, 564
-, bishops perpetually excluded from, 578.

king disposed to reduce by force, 567
-, announces campaign in spring, 570, 590.

king proposes to send fleet against, 570, 602
-, discussion on measures against, 590, 600.

fear of foreign intervention in, 570
-, proposed mission to discover what help France giving, 592.

England no longer paying attention to, but biding time, 585
-, king will not make concessions to, 594.

fresh trouble in, tax on loyalists, trade with England forbidden, 590
-, Dutch glad that troubles not over, 595.

Treasurer encourages divisions in, 593
-, hopeful of composition in, 594
-, king dismisses deputies and negotiations broken off, 595.

Wentworth urges strong measures against, 595, 596
-, and English bishops, 596.

disturbance increasing, accuse king of breaking treaty, 598
-, prepare for vigorous resistance, 600.

Traquair and Huntly bring report on, 601
-, less exacting, measures for compromise, 605.

troubles in prevent king acting against Dutch, 604
-, warlike preparations against, 605.

army of :

40,000 men enrolled, 436
-, force assembled to protect synod, 479.

method of supplying ranks, 495.

forces facing Carlisle and Ireland, 495
-, force sent against Huntly, 520.

push towards Berwick but withdraw, 535
-, force sent towards Berwick, 539.

a bold defensive, 539
-, securely entrenched, 546, 550
-, consent to remain 12 m. from Berwick, 548.

Holland sent to attack but retires precipitately before, 550.

reduced in numbers, to be disbanded, 554
-, all troops dismissed, 556.

Assembly, 395 :

draws up covenant and has signed, 399
-, demands fulfilment of all proposals, 407
-, desires king to come to parliament, 426.

bishops of. See under bishops.

Council :

Charles threatens to move to Stirling, 379, 380
-, deliberation with king, 411.

to hear Hamilton's proposals, 443
-, Charles consults about message from Scots, 492
-, seditious paper from, to king, suppressed, 506.

ecclesiastical assembly. See Synod, below.

levies of. See levies, Scottish.

nobility. See nobility, Scottish.

parliament, 574 :

Scots demand summons of, 379, 418
-, induced by James to pass acts which should not be observed, 399.

declared Hamilton heir to throne, 412.

promised for March, 464
-, Hamilton to stay for, 468
-, Hamilton called upon to answer to, 481.

trouble feared in, 472
-, Hamilton shows need of accepting decisions, 490.

king offers to take part in, 520
-, king agrees to make concessions in, 541.

king advised to go unarmed to, 546
-, to confirm agreement with king, 551
-, king to attend meeting, 554.

preparations for meeting, 556, 571
-, king advised not to attend in person, 558
-, doubts about, 559.

commissioner from England to take part in, 561
-, question of assembling 567.

king's evil councillors to be punished in, 562
-, ending without further trouble, 576.

grants Palatine revenues of bishoprics, 577
-, provision for bishops, 578.

treasurer asked to get decrees modified or to dissolve, 581
-, further encroachments on royal authority feared, 582
-, Treasurer dissolved, 584, 598, 600.

nobility prevent dissolution, lower chamber instituted, 590
-, Treasurer hopeful about dissolution, 593, 594
-, people stand by enactments, 598.

synod, ecclesiastical assembly :

granted by Hamilton, 464
-, Hamilton to stay for, 468
-, trouble feared in, 472.

held in name of notables, not of king, 477
-, bishops summoned to defend themselves before, 479.

Hamilton represents need of approving decisions, 490
-, royal approval asked for, 492.

Traquair king's deputy in, 565
-, impatience for news of, 567.

adheres to all demands, arrogant claims, 569
-, confirmed by Traquair, 571.

king accepts all enactments of, 574.

Treasurer of. See Stewart, John, earl of Traquair.

Scottish colonel, envoy from Sweden to England :

represents serious state of affairs in Germany, 364
-, reply to, 370
-, dissatisfied and persists with offices, 373.

wants minister sent to Hamburg, 385, 390
-, leaves with complimentary letters, 394.

Scudamore, Elizabeth viscountess :

denied permission to sit before queen, 414, 421, 422, 425, 428
-, which had previously, 420
-, will be sent back to England, 438.

Scudamore, Schidmor, Schidemore, Schidamore, Schidmer, John, viscount :

English ambassador in France, 55, 241 :

1636 :

repeats proposal about exchange of Lorraine for Palatinate, 3, 15
-, reply to and comment on, 4, 5
-, frequently renews idea, 18.

treating with Bouthillier at Fontainebleau, 15
-, back at Paris, 18.

representations about Miniken, 23
-, congratulates king about Corbie, 111.

1637, 251 :

admits liberality of French terms, 132
-, signs articles of treaty, 146.

two points in dispute in treaty, 147
-, has power to conclude treaty, 155.

dispute for precedence with Swedish ambassador, 160.

negotiations with Bullion about treaty, 174, 175, 236
-, reply taken to, from king, 195
-, negotiations about congress, 280.

reply to, suggesting suspension of treaty, 204
-, asks for written reply to negotiations, 220.

announces Battyer with ratification, 229n
-, uncertain if peace signed by, 235.

report on friar Basili, 249n
-, despatch to Coke, 329n.

not disturbed by report of armistice, 255.

Grotius remonstrates with for reticence about treaty, 289
-, no mention of treaty, 319.

report of, stops negotiations with Spain, 309
-, reports extention of Swedish alliance, 343.

report death of Savoy, 310
-, gives title of Highness to Cond and Soissons, 325.

remonstrates at measures against English ships, 329
-, empowered to settle question, 346.

1638, 374 :

treating about naval reprisals, 355, 360.

did not honour Correr's entry, 358
-, meets Palatine princes, 360
-, upset at treatment of princes, 366.

misled about alliance, 359
-, Fielding wishes to succeed, 362, 398.

Palatine princes go to audience with, 372
-, offended at queen's difficulty about audience, 372
-, resents superiority of Leicester, 374.

hopeful of settlement of naval disputes, 375
-, report on Pearl settlement, 380.

expects alliance to be arranged soon, 383.

Richelieu remonstrates with about convoying money to Flanders, 388
-, explains courier to Spain, 391.

asks leave to return, 398
-, confirmed for three years, 411, 417.

makes much of English help to Palatine, 401
-, regrets Scottish disturbances, 402.

announces appointment of Anstruther, 405
-, and substitution of Roe, 411.

despatches to Coke, 411n, 449n, 466n.

recall probable, 421
-, silent about curtailment of wife's privilege, 425
-, will send wife back to England, 438.

tells Correr of Fielding's intrigues to return to Venice, 437.

introduces St. Ravy and Jermyn, 458
-, reply to about queen mother, 466
-, urges queen mother's rights to appanages, 480.

offices cause difficulty about passports for congress, 465.

supports peace for fear of Scottish troubles, 478.

efforts to get Casimir exchanged for Rupert, 480.

report on French ambitions, 486.

1639 :

outcry about passports for congress, 487
-, tries to get passport for Cologne, 526.

has leave to return home, 487
-, takes leave, departing, 496
-, dissatisfied with present, 511.

Scutari, Turkey in Asia :

English ship in trouble for firing salute off, 57.

sea, sovereignty of :

English claim to, 1, 2
-, king's determination about, 19.

English will not break with Dutch over, 8
-, matter on way to adjustment, 35.

gist of Graswinckel's argument upon, 19
-, Boswell suggests commission to discuss, 98.

Charles will not be drawn about, 45
-, Court joy at enforcement, 52.

Charles refuses to argue about, 79, 98.

advantage of claim to Austrians and Spaniards, 86
-, Dutch oppose absolutely, 99.

no one likely to contest seriously, 97
-, hope to get French admission of, by treaty, 103, 106.

intention to assert announced, 112, 113
-, and exercised by exaction of duties, 113, 115.

idea generally applauded, 118.

Holland deputies to discuss, 124
-, Charles will get nothing from Dutch if does not give up, 158.

Warwick says parliament will grant supplies to enforce, 125.

disconcerted by Danish claims, 135, 136, 159
-, Danes will not recognise, 219.

Charles determined to maintain, 158, 177
-, Charles to waive for time if Dutch help Palatine, 192.

book of Pontanus against claim, 190
-, Oate refers to Dutch insolence in not recognising, 198.

fleet to be used to maintain, 205
-, only gets recognition from Dutch fishermen, 327.

French will not recognise, 375, 419
-, Dutch do not expect Charles to give way about, 585.

Danish claim to, 19, 115, 135, 136.

-, disconcerting to England, 159
-, England encouraged, 160
-, uneasiness over with Belaw's mission, 219.

Venetian claims :

Graswinckle asked to respect, 414.

secretary to Venetian ambassador :

allowance for, 157.

secretaries. See ambassadors.

Secretaries of State
-, England. See Coke, Sir John
-, Conway, Edward, viscount
-, Windebank, Sir Francis.

-, France. See Bouthillier, Leon.

-, Poland. See Rey, Andreas de Naglowi.

Sedan [Ardennes, France] :

Soissons takes refuge at, 107n.

Segna. See Zengg.

Seguranza. See Confidence.

Selden, John :

Pontanus writes book to answer, 190.

Senecay, Senesse, marquise de. See Rochefoucauld, Marie Catherine de.

Sengel, Jean Louis, councillor of Hesse, 237 :

given hopes of Rupert joining Landgrave, 161
-, left as agent, 183
-, to meet Landgrave in Holland, 183
-, asked to stay on, 227.

Senneterre, Sennecterre, Seneter, Henry sieur de. See Fert Nabert, Henry de, marquis of Senneterre.

sergeant major general of the field. See Astley, Sir Jacob.

Seton, Charles, second earl of Dunfermline :

commissioner to treat with king, 551n
-, appears at Court, king orders out of London, 595.

Seven Stars, English ship :

made to salute Venetian flag, 74, 92.

Seville [Prov. Andalusia, Spain] :

Agustini absconds from, 444.

Seymour, William, earl of Hertford, Arfort :

attends Bellievre to audience, 338.

sheriffs :

reprimanded by Council for slackness in collecting ship money, 377
-, collect very little, 401
-, report difficulties in collection, 419.

ship-money, contributions for the fleet, taxes for the fleet :

funds practically exhausted, 91
-, difficulty of collection, inland counties object, 99.

resistance makes collection slow, 107
-, efforts to accelerate collection, 110
-, difficulties increase, 124, 136.

judges pronounce may be lawfully levied, 153, 156
-, paid more readily after, 159.

king unwilling to offend people over appropriation of, 158
-, king's policy and resistance to, 299.

new orders for collecting, amount, some objections, 327
-, Say and Hampden appeal against, 332, 338, 353.

feelings excited by trial, 353
-, judgment on, 370, 376, 419, 424, 426.

report that will not be exacted any more, 370
-, being made annual, 387.

merchants exclaim against as brings no protection, 373.

collection very unsatisfactory, 401
-, rioting after judgment, 426.

bitter outcry at judgment, 429
-, people refuse to pay, 430.

Council decides to collect with vigour, expected return, 596.

ships, merchantmen :

exaction of duties from all that pass waters, 119, 210.

forty convoyed to Dunkirk, 209.

Venice contemplates purchase of, in England, 476, 481
-, cost of hiring, 485, 491.

five large for Madagascar expedition, 578.

from Virginia with rich cargo, 606.

ships, English :

with money for Flanders, 23, 97
-, usually take money and men to Flanders, 96.

stayed in Thames and best selected for fleet, 23, 130, 134, 141
-, equipment of, 32, 47
-, released, 60.

at Constantinople, in trouble for firing salute, 57.

Prince Tomaso desires, to take wife to Dunkirk, 60n.

to be hired to serve in Palatine's fleet, 141.

Palatine's fleet may search, 146.

proposed opening of States of Church to, 149.

French ports closed against, 329
-, detained in French ports, 333, 340, 342
-, negotiations upon, 360, 372, 373, 375, 379, 380.

effort to attract to Crete, 340.

losses suffered by pirates, 377.

obligation of those using to pay consulage, 396.

numbers in fleet, 413.

victory over Tunis pirates in Irish waters, 449.

French fleet captures many, with tackle, 458
-, French threaten reprisals against, 472.

Genoese wish to buy, 501, 509.

Cardenas tries to get to take troops from Spain to Flanders, 525
-, Bellievre and Joachimi oppose, reply to, 537, 539, 540
-, land Spanish troops in England, 553.

forbidden by admiral to transport troops to Flanders, 534
-, prohibition withdrawn, 539.

take Wyche from Smyrna to Leghorn, 544.

Tromp stops, taking money or men to Spaniards, 549
-, Tromp takes Spanish soldiers off, 552, 554, 563
-, objection to Dutch searching, 557.

convey Spanish troops to Italy, 553
-, land men and money from Spain at Plymouth, 574.

Dunkirkers restore captured, 559.

Joachimi warns of consequences of helping Spain, 568
-, Joachimi prevents taking Spanish soldiers from fleet across, 579.

king orders several to arm and join fleet, 575
-, Pennington's fleet weakened by many leaving, 587.

Spaniards propose to send troops from fleet by, to Dunkirk, in driblets, 582.

English contractor offers to get 40 for king of Spain, 595
-, to be built in England, 604.

Barbary pirates capture four from Malaga, 599.

-, the king's. See fleet, ship money
-, navy, the royal.

ships, names of :

See Abram
-, Antelope
-, Ark
-, Black Bull
-, Bonaventure
-, Charity
-, Charles
-, Charles Salutation
-, Confidence
-, Constant Reformation
-, Convertive
-, Delight
-, Desire
-, Deventer
-, Dreadnought
-, Elizabeth Dorcas
-, Elizabeth and Margaret
-, Employment
-, Expedition
-, Experience
-, Fame
-, Fior Dorato
-, Fortune
-, Freeman
-, Garland
-, George
-, George Bonaventure
-, Golden Eagle
-, Golden Fleece
-, Golden Sun
-, Golden Wolf
-, Greyhound, Happy Entrance
-, Hector
-, Henry Bonaventura
-, Hercules, Industry
-, Jeremiah
-, Jupiter
-, Jyn, le
-, Leopard
-, Let
-, Liefde (Charite)
-, Lions Whelps, the First, Third, Fifth, Eighth and Tenth
-, London (two)
-, Margaret
-, Margarita Costanza
-, Mary
-, Mary Rose
-, Mayflower
-, Merchant Bonaventure
-, Merchant Adventurer
-, Miniken
-, Nicodemus
-, Nonsuch
-, Overrice
-, Paragon
-, Pearl
-, Pelican
-, Peter Andrew
-, Pleiades
-, Prince William
-, Prospero
-, Providence (two)
-, Prudence
-, Rainbow (two)
-, Recovery
-, Report
-, Royal Defence
-, Royal Exchange
-, St. Andrew
-, St. Dennis
-, St. George
-, St. Margaret
-, St. Peter
-, Salutation
-, Sampson (two)
-, Sarah
-, Scipio
-, Seven Stars
-, Sovereign of the Seas
-, Swallow
-, Swan
-, Swiftsure
-, Tertoole
-, Thomasine
-, Unicorn
-, Utrecht
-, Vanguard
-, Victory
-, William (two)
-, Wiliam and Elizabeth
-, William and Ralph
-, Willing Mind
-, Wolf.

Shrewsbury, earl of. See Talbot, John.

Sidney, Robert, earl of Leicester, Lester, English ambassador extraordinary in France, 55 :

despatches to Coke. 355, 360n.

public entry into Paris, 1
-, first audience, 4
-, visits ministers, 10.

waiting to hear emperor's reply to Arundel, 10, 15, 22.

treating with Bouthillier at Fontainebleau, 14
-, says Austrians will not make peace without restoration of Lorraine, 18.

Richelieu thinks well of, 19, 83, 89.

commissioners appointed to treat with, 22
-, begins negotiations, 33, 64.

anxious about employment of French fleet, 23.

representations about Miniken, 23
-, fears of mutual reprisals, 36.

reply to about Pearl, 48.

king writes secretly to, 51
-, reasons for action, 59.

not treating about Palatine affairs, 56
-, specious offers made to, 64
-, alliance proposed to, 73.

French ambassadors profess ignorance of instructions sent to, 66
-, proposes alliance to Bullion, 71.

assurances of Bouthillier to upon trade, 71.

fresh instructions to upon alliance proposals, 76
-, makes excuses in France, 79.

not hopeful about Palatine Orleans match, 77.

sends secretary to England, 79
-, reply awaited, 90, 93
-, comments on difficulties, 93, 108.

negotiations in hands of, 82
-, treating with Bullion and secretly with Pere Joseph, 89.

sends another courier, 95, 96
-, no ratification come from, 99, 104.

reports negotiations delayed by flight of princes, 109
-, congratulates king on recovery of Corbie, 111.

urgent instructions to about treaty, 116
-, waiting for reply to proposals, 117.

says useless to stay on if England does not declare openly against Austrians, 123.

1637, 251 :

admits liberality of French terms, 132
-, articles of treaty signed by, 146.

2 points in dispute in treaty, 147
-, has powers to conclude treaty, 155.

dispute for precedence with Swedish ambassador, 160.

complains of French hanging back, 164
-, negotiations with Bullion, 174, 175, 280.

reports inability to complete treaty, 177
-, argues for English terms, 180.

French criticisms not in replies to, 183
-, reports that Richelieu haggling over two fresh points, 187
-, troubled at delay of treaty, 191.

expects to send ratification soon, 189
-, reply sent to from king, 195.

says England will declare war, 192
-, complains that can get no definite answer, 192
-, fresh instructions contemplated for, 194.

possible recall, 194
-, report sent by creates fresh difficulties, 199.

declines suggested suspension of treaty, 204.

sends Croft to England, 213
-, and another, with hopes of ratification, 215.

asks for written reply, complains of delay, threats, 220
-, announces Battyer with ratification, 229n.

king contemplates trusting general peace negotiations to, 223.

uncertain if peace signed by, 235
-, concessions to France in matter of restitutions, 236.

not permitted to return, 240
-, Richelieu speaks well of, 284.

confident of drawing Denmark into the league, 244.

not disturbed by reports of armistice, 255
-, professes indifference, 260.

wants to get treaty signed independently of Swedes and Dutch, 262
-, request for signing a show, 274.

treats with Bullion about congress, 280
-, hints at abandoning negotiations with Swedes and Dutch, 325.

Grotius remonstrates with for reticence about treaty, 289
-, no mention of treaty, 319.

report of, stops negotiations with Spain, 309
-, reports extension of Swedish alliance, 343.

reports death of Savoy, 310
-, gives title of Highness to Cond and Soissons, 325
-, refuses proffer of Pearl, 328.

remonstrates at measures against English ships, 329
-, empowered to settle question, 346.

1638 :

treating about naval reprisals, 355, 358, 360.

suspects French of trying to force hand, 355.

did not honour Correr's entry, 358
-, lodges Palatine princes, 360
-, upset about treatment of princes, 366.

misled about alliance, 359
-, not to do any business till naval disputes settled, 373.

money sent to, to redeem queen mother's jewels, 365.

Palatine princes go to audience with, 372
-, offended at queen's difficulty about audience, 372
-, talk of recall, 374
-, superiority of, 374.

hopeful of settlement of naval disputes, 375
-, report on Pearl settlement, 380.

expects alliance arranged soon, 383
-, Bellievre suggests sending to Hamburg, 390.

Richelieu remonstrates with about convoy of money to Flanders, 388.

explains courier to Spain, 391
-, congratulations on queen's pregnancy, 411.

makes much of English help to Palatine, 401
-, regrets Scottish disturbances, 402.

announces appointment of Anstruther, 405
-, and substitution of Roe, 411.

silent about taking away ambassadress's privilege, 425.

overtures for marriage of Rohan's daughter to Palatine, 428.

introduces St. Ravy and Jermyn to sovereigns, 458.

offices cause difficulty about passports for congress, 465.

reply to about queen mother, 466
-, report about eagerly awaited, 478
-, urges queen mother's rights to appanages, 480.

supports peace from fear of Scottish troubles, 478.

efforts to get Casimir exchanged for Rupert, 480
-, alleged report on French ambitions, 486.

1639 :

outcry about passports for congress, 487
-, Correr speaks to about, 493.

says Hamburg negotiations progressing, 487
-, urges conclusion of negotiations, 502.

French remonstrance to about negotiations at Brussels, 489
-, abashed by the Brussels negotiations, 494.

to urge attack on Bavaria by Saxe Weimar, 498.

speaks to Correr about passports, 501, 502
-, tries to get passports for Cologne, 526.

ambiguous answer to about exchange for Rupert, 508
-, to negotiate exchange, 561, 563, 572.

permission to return on private affairs, 510
-, not expected to return, 510, 511, 513, 533
-, sets out, 513.

in England, sees king, announces return, 521
-, postpones return, Bellievre urges departure, 525
-, returning to post, 542, 547, 563
-, not back, 557, 561
-, back, 572.

made councillor of state, 542.

put off from seeing king, 592
-, to justify Palatine's action and ask for release, 596.

remonstrates about arrest reply to, 597
-, offices not considered satisfactory, 598.

visits Prince with Windebank's son, 601
-, reports French designs on Channel Islands, 605.

-, -, secretary of. See Battyer, James.

Silesia :

Swedes about to invade, 266.

silk :

duty paid by, 388
-, exported from Leghorn, 402.

price increased at Venice by English merchants withdrawing to Morea, 438.

Silvio, secretary of Prince Tomaso :

at Court but neglected, 60
-, has audience but refused levies, 63.

Simeas, Simens. See Symonds.

Simes, Ridolfo, English merchant :

calumnies against Hyde, 530.

Simmern, duke of. See Louis Philip.

Simonds, Simons. See Symonds.

Sinigaglia [Prov. Ancona, Italy] :

bishop of. See Campeggi, Lorenzo.

slaves :

released by Salee expedition, 282
-, king of Morocco sends back, 294, 316.

Slich, Count :

Taylor treating with, 268.

Slingsby, Robert, captain of the Expedition :

escorts Morocco ambassador, 400n.

Smalzius, M., Swedish minister to England :

sent to negotiate alliance, 364.

Smith, Mr., trumpeter of the earl of Arundel :

robbed and murdered near Nurnberg, 65n.

-, Francis, captain of the Tenth Whelp :

seizes Sarah, 113.

-, Richard, bishop of Chalcedon :

Panzani tries to have reinstated, 68
-, caused division among Catholics, 301.

-, Thomas :

letters to Pennington, 393n, 495n.

Smyrna [Asia Minor] :

Wyche returns by, 544
-, London back from, 549.

soap :

price raised, 167
-, Charles puts taxes on, 299.

Soardi, Vincenzo, bishop of Mantua :

death reported, 284.

Socurt, sieur de. See Bellefouriere, Maximilian de, sieur de Soyecourt.

Soissons, count of. See Bourbon, Louis de.

-, countess dowager of. See Bourbon, Anne de.

soldiers, troops :

talk of raising in England, 84.

shortage of, 130.

England cannot maintain, in Germany, 199.

Charles withdraws article about supplying to alliance, 309
-, Spain could force recall, 354.

40,000 required to force ritual on Scotland, 379.

companies of horse reviewed by king, 500.

Orange tries to stop English leaving Dutch service for home, 556.

Soldner, Dr. John, lawyer at Hamburg :

negotiates for emperor with Swodes, 347.

Sommelsdijk, lord of. See Aerssens.

Sophia of Mecklenburg, queen of Frederick II of Denmark :

jewels left to grandchildren discharged debts due to Denmark, 236.

Sorbonne, Paris :

condemns books against bishop of Chalcedon, 301.

Stern, Philip Christopher von, archbishop elector of Treves :

protest against diet of Ratisbon, 91
-, French disinclined to exchange Casimir for, 508.

Sourdis, Henry d' Escoubleau de, archbishop of Bordeaux, admiral of French fleet :

fleet takes many English prizes, 458
-, talk of designs on Gravelines, 525
-, Charles asks that may not claim right to search ships, 560.

Southampton, co. Hants :

king at, 64.

despatches dated at, 64, 68, 70.

treaty of, Dutch ask for fulfilment, 602
-, king says abrogated by peace with Spain, 603.

South Foreland, co. Kent, 70n.

Sovereign of the Seas, royal ship :

state launching at Woolwich, 282
-, sent to join fleet in Downs, 577.

Soyecourt, sieur de. See Bellefouriere, Maximilian de.

Spain and Spaniards, 293, 384 :

valour of English against, in Ireland, 296
-, leaning of English party to, 301.

negotiations of Charles in, for dispensation, 303.

left masters in Netherlands, share in Palatine's spoils, 306
-, enemy of Palatine, 307.

Egmont's grievances against, 430, 560
-, Giustinian's service in, 521, 564.

1636 :

encourage English differences with Dutch and French, 2, 22.

English treatment may drive Dutch to make terms with, 14, 37, 56, 72, 86, 105, 111, 112
-, England leaning increasingly towards, 19, 37.

England gets trade of with France, 16
-, English not displeased at successes in France, 37.

Arundel trading on weakness of, 18
-, English profit by taking money to Flanders, 32, 37.

Miniken taking provisions to, 23
-, Aytona's son travelling to via England, 25.

will not let Palatinate go, 35, 36, 54
-, advances to Venice, 39, 81, 88, 94, 114.

English demonstrations against Dutch designed to please, 38.

success in Picardy, 54, 60, 130
-, English do not want more, 100.

Senneterre's effort only to make uneasy, 55
-, French ask English alliance against, 64
-, designed to obtain advantage over, 76.

Charles orders seizure for debt of money from, for Flanders, 59
-, Coke to enquire about, 73.

English ministers in pay of, 59, 66
-, tricks to secure English alliance, 62.

Princess of Carignan sailing from, to Flanders, 60n
-, ship taking goods to seized for duties, 113.

England's advantage from trade with, 65, 102
-, and from war with France, 87.

offer of portion of Palatinate, 78, 93, 94, 103, 116
-, only a diversion, 80.

Dutch fear agreement for England to help, 79
-, offer to get English help against Dutch, 93, 102.

blockade of Flanders would bring to terms, 89
-, urge Dutch to make terms, 105
-, Dutch attitude about, 106, 110.

French think alliance will prevent England joining, 96
-, reported secret negotiations with France, 116.

say internal affairs will keep England from war, 102.

foment English discontent with government, 111, 126.

English blockade of will not hurt emperor, 117.

1637 :

England will suffer from triumph of, 122
-, England bound up with, 129.

proposal for joint attack on, 130
-, do not fear breach with England, 132.

agreement with France would kill Palatine's pretensions, 131
-, not English interest to expel from Flanders, 139.

reliance on Dutch objection to Anglo French negotiations, 131.

Palatine's fleet likely to attack treasure fleet of, 141
-, Palatine to wage war in seas of, 145, 146.

spread report that Dutch treating with Cardinal Infant, 142
-, outcry against measures taken for Palatine, 146.

do not want to lose English trade, 146
-, trade with London forbidden, 154.

overrun Parma's dominions, 147
-, Charles disapproves of Parma's adjustment with, 156.

money for Flanders sent by Italy instead of England, 154
-, count on political difficulties of England, 164.

will take advantage of ill feeling between English and Dutch, 159
-, order Dunkirkers to molest Dutch, 164.

England to declare war if not satisfied by, 164
-, complete satisfaction required, 182.

order to treat Venetians on parity, 172, 176, 214, 220, 229, 244.

England suspect French of treating with, 176
-, French treat English worse than, 180.

efforts to prevent union between England and France, 178
-, sneer at delay over treaty, 183.

hold most of Lower Palatinate, 181, 193
-, publish oath of allegiance taken in, 241.

English do not wish to risk heavy capital in, by war, 187
-, English unlikely to accept offers against Dutch, 198.

strong leanings of ministers to, 209
-, England fears French aggrandisement as much as, 220.

suspicion of French making secret agreement with, 210
-, say Taylor fully accredited, 228.

intrigues to prevent conference at Paris, 223
-, explanation of mysteriousness of English, 238.

remonstrance to about fortification of Gravelines, 224.

will hold positions in Valtelline, 225
-, Charles fears will prevail in work at Gravelines, 226
-, reliance on French and Dutch to stop, 227.

Palatine's fleet to harry trade, 230, 233
-, mean to put a term to all claims of Palatine, 253.

close attention to English internal disorders, 242
-, foment malcontents, 256, 259, 316.

negotiations of friar Basili in, 249, 260, 405
-, desire peace not an armistice, 254.

English anxiety to keep up relations with, 258
-, foment England's quarrels with other powers, 265.

insult to queen mother, 261
-, king offers ship to take her to, 264.

naval force promised against, 262.

Franchi reals from, 263
-, Oate awaiting instructions from, 294.

English caress Dutch to keep from composition with, 265
-, unsuccessful in stirring English against Dutch fishermen, 272.

opinion on Prince Tomaso's reported death, 266
-, pope angry with as seemed pleased at death, 267.

realise impossibility of saving Breda, 267
-, weakness promises advantages to allies, 287.

weakness in Italy, 267
-, will not listen to armistice proposals, 274.

Chevreuse flees to, 268n
-, arrival in, 341
-, reception, 371.

peace of harmful to English interests, 270
-, Richelieu speaks of finesses, 284.

displeased at levies granted to Sweden, 274
-, treatment of ambassadors in England, 323.

English carry money from to Flanders, 274
-, Watt's ship hired for, 286.

to co-operate in joint attack on France, 277
-, defeat at Leucate, 293.

Aston hopes for successful negotiations in, 285
-, reverses will make anxious for England's friendship, 289
-, and to satisfy Palatine, 294.

to satisfy the duke of Pomerania for Swedes' occupation, 290.

negotiations with diverted, 309
-, slanders on duchess of Savoy, 318.

mean to drive French out of Mantua, Venice should resist, 310.

Prince Tomaso waiting for money from, 316
-, wine from, 341.

Morocco offers to invade, 332
-, ship sent to, to fetch Chevreuse, 357.

1638, 416 :

unruliness of people shown by attack on Scandaret, 357
-, Chevreuse in, 371.

reported league to drive French out of Italy, 362, 363.

Oate expecting recall to, 378
-, Hopton's departure for postponed, 405
-, Oate returns to, 407, 419, 442.

Stewart referred to on question of ryals brought in Victory, 384
-, Stewart offered letters of marque against ships of, 407, 413.

import of wine from, 387, 388
-, English ambassador to a commoner, 388.

English courier sent to, French suspicion, 389, 391
-, send money to Flanders by England, 415.

foment Scottish troubles, 402, 418, 478
-, expected offer against Scots, 481.

proposed match a device to trick England, 410, 472
-, try to win over Holland, 417
-, arts to lull England, 418, 448, 457.

measures of defence against French, 415
-, forced Savoy to alliance with French, 423, 425, 426.

influence with English government, 421, 429
-, French indignation at English supplying with munitions, 428.

Savoy fears Maurice more than, 427
-, success at Calloo, 433.

French forces moving against, 428
-, forces watching French, 458.

agent of Lorraine sails to, 442
-, English expect fresh ambassador from, 448.

French seize English ships with stores for, 458.

Chevreuse keeps up intimacy with, 464
-, and English correspondence with, 472.

Lorraine's letters to intercepted, 469
-, possessions beyond Rhine, 486.

queen mother's relations with, 475
-, suspicion of intrigues for profit of, 479.

Charles writes to denouncing Cardenas, 477
-, Charles denies negotiations with, 478.

1639 :

Hopton sceptical of promises if do not make peace, 486
-, representations to against Cardenas, 489.

essential for Dutch to have passport from, for congress 487
-, Tyrone proceeds to, 498.

levy granted to, for Flanders, 488, 489n
-, reprisals on English ship for doings in E. Indies, 490.

English negotiations with, at Brussels, 489
-, feel sure of England, 498, 503.

offer of help against Scots, 498
-, Dutch suspect understanding with England, 537.

Charles promises not to treat with while Hamburg negotiations last, 498
-, try to lure Charles by offers, 540.

queen mother's manifesto to put her right with, 499
-, unlikely to have her back, 566.

to compensate Bavaria for Palatinate, 503
-, failure of Hamburg negotiations relieved of anxiety, 510.

intention to keep large fleet at sea, 504
-, Dunkirk fleet gets away to, 507n, 510.

negotiations with Dutch, at Brussels, 516.

may try to get levies of Scots, like French 521
-, king wants troops taken to Flanders by English ships, 525.

ratification required for agreement with Bavaria, 523
-, Dunkirkers avenge losses, 559.

partisans hope for Cardenas restoration to favour, 534
-, courier from king for, 559.

transport of troops by English ships forbidden, 534
-, remonstrances against, 537, 540, 555, 556, 588
-, embargo on withdrawn, 539.

king agrees to listen to proposals, 541, 543
-, push marriage proposals, 543, 548, 549, 598, 604.

Bellievre tries to thwart intrigues, 541, 551
-, encourage suspicions of French and Dutch, 547.

Dutch intercept troops on English ships, 549, 552, 554, 555, 557, 563
-, some troops get through to England, 553, 555, 560
-, complaints against English, 555.

infantry for Italy sent in English ships, 553
-, influential party in Ireland, 570.

partisans hope for breach with Dutch, 561
-, disappointed, 562, 563, 594, 596.

Cardenas asks for royal ship to fetch money from, 562
-, English ships land men and money from, 574.

Dutch fear Downs affair may lead to closer understanding with England, 588, 591.

blame England for disaster to fleet, 595
-, Cardinal Infant urges to settle differences with England, 596.

offer to obtain English ships for, 595, 604
-, liberal offers to English merchants to take men and money to Flanders, 606.

Dutch want arrangement with England to exclude from their seas, 601
-, Charles claims peace with abrogated treaty of Southampton, 603.

English waiting result of negotiations with, 604.

fleet, for Dunkirk :

French ready to fight, 23
-, arrives at Dunkirk, salute English flag, 70.

squadron for Dunkirk under Colaert, 223
-, arrives safely, Dutch take two ships, 348
-, amount of money brought by exaggerated, 374.

making ready to return, 363, 380
-, Dutch waiting for, 380
-, Pennington's report on, 386.

objects uncertain, 388
-, dotained by contrary winds, 390.

sails and puts in at English port, 395
-, provisions at, 395, 398
-, and sails, 398.

defeated off Gravelines, 501
-, losses exaggerated, 507
-, gets safe to Spain, 507n, 510.

fleet :

proposed diversion against La Rochelle, 415.

Tromp waiting to intercept, 552
-, troops with Davis sent to try chances of, 554.

Dutch attack and drive under Dover, 573
-, shelters in Downs, 575.

efforts to escape without a fight, 575, 577
-, some ships escape to Dunkirk, 578, 579.

Dutch suggest that Charles shall seize for Palatine, 576, 577
-, refused but king means to get rid of, 580, 582.

Tromp eager to fight, 577, 579
-, Pennington intervenes to protect, 583.

States discuss question of attacking, 579, 580, 582, 583
-, attack decided, 585.

transport of troops from to Dunkirk stopped, 579, 581
-, king grants food and facilities to, 581
-, Dutch remonstrance about, 599.

suspected designs against England, 581
-, Palatine sails through, 583.

reinforced with ships and men from Dunkirk, 584
-, accused of infringing neutrality, 588.

Tromp attacks and defeats in Downs, 586-588
-, serious losses, 589.

Tromp carries off ship from Dover, at night, 589
-, galleon at Plymouth, another blockaded in Wight, 594.

Charles sends beached ships to Dunkirk, 597.

Aerssens defends attack on, 597, 599, 602, 603
-, misrepresentation in Spain of English attitude about attack, 599.

French preparing to thwart attack on Normandy, 603.

-, - See also Dunkirk, ships of.

Spain :

Infant, of. See Balthasar
-, Ferdinand son of Philip III.

Infanta of. See Maria Anna.

king of. See Philip II
-, Philip IV.

queen of. See Isabella of Bourbon.

Venetian instructions to representatives in, 145.

Spalato, Spalatro, Spallatro, Spallato [Dalmatia] :

English merchants think of moving from Ragusa to, 132
-, Zonca encourages idea, 330
-, proposal to Venice upon, 331, 338, 345
-, preparations for transfer, 345
-, 351.

Hobson reports application about, 362
-, reply to, 374
-, Zengg as alternative, 396.

Spaniards. See Spain.

Spanish Netherlands. See Flanders.

Spieringh, Peter, Swedish Resident at the Hague :

very satisfied with negotiations, 243.

Spinola, Ambrose marquis of :

Egmont learned warfare under, 560.

Springelfelt, Capt. of Dunkirk :

captures Providence of London, 490n.

stag :

king presents to Correr, 46.

Stahrenberg, Starembergh, Erasmus count of :

emperor entrusts custody of Rupert to, 513.

Stanton Lacy, co. Salop, 424.

Star Chamber :

bishop of Lincoln's case in, 246n
-, severe sentences in, 424.

Starembergh. See Stahrenberg.

States. See Netherlands.

States of the Church :

proposed opening of to English trade, 149, 216, 217.

Statuary, marble heads :

Fielding allowed to export from Venice, 420, 423, 428.

Sterlin. See Alexander, William, earl of Stirling.

Stettin [Pomerania, Germany] :

peace negotiations at, 167
-, Swedes retreat upon, 261, 266, 354.

Stewart, John, earl of Traquair, lord high Treasurer of Scotland :

believed to be secretly fomenting trouble, king sends for, 362
-, arrives, long conferences with king, 370, 379.

account of country, begs king to consider interests of country, 379
-, takes back royal commands, 387
-, issues royal proclamations, 389.

signs paper to king on covenamt, 392n
-, back in Court and report, 397, 399.

arrested for surrender of Dalkeith, 533
-, released and sent back to Scotland, 536.

writes on possibility of dividing the Scots, 565, 593.

commissioner for king at synod, 565
-, confirms its most prejudicial decisions, 571.

to get parliament to modify decrees, or dissolve it, 581
-, dissolves parliament, 584.

tries to persuade Scots to accept dissolution, 593, 594.

hopeful of a composition, 594
-, arrives at Court, report to king, 601
-, sent back to arrange composition, 605.

Stewart, Stuart, Walter, captain of the Victory :

brought over Oate, 24n
-, takes Spanish money to Flanders, 59.

Franchi wins action against for reals seized by Oate, 263, 384.

protected in a high quarter, 263
-, Oate's complaint against, to king, 384.

gets Oate's goods sequestrated, 384, 390
-, Oate urges despatch of case, 396
-, sequestration granted to annulled, 407, 411, 416.

king offers letters of reprisal to, 407, 411, 413
-, commissioners appointed to review case, 413
-, their decision against sequestration, 416.

Stirling, co. Stirling, Scotland :

king threatens to move Council and law courts to, 380.

-, earl of. See Alexander, William.

Stockholm, Sweden :

diet at forbids marriage connection with Poland, 351.

Stone, Thomas, master of the Providence :

takes gunpowder to Dunkirk, 421n.

storms. See weather.

Stradling, Henry, captain of the Bonaventure :

sent to fetch Chevreuse, 353, 357.

Strahlendorf, Swalendorf, Peter Heinrich Freiherr von, imperial vice chancillor :

commissioner to treat with Arundel, 17.

Strait, the. See Gibraltar, Strait of.

Stralsund [Pomerania, Germany] :

paper dated at, 48
-, Swedish army flees to, 354.

Stuart, James, duke of Lennox, 535 :

Charles urges to marry Mary Villiers, but wants lady Carlisle, 148
-, marriage to Mary Villiers postponed by illness, 216
-, wedding at Lambeth, 246n.

king releases Traquair at intercession of, 536.

Stuart, Ludovic, brother of duke of Lennox :

going to Rome, hopes of red hat, 535.

Stuart. See also Stewart.

Sublet, Franois, sieur de Noyers, French secretary for war :

despatches to, 489n, 563n.

subsidies :

king dependent on parliament for, 298
-, only tax people used to, 388
-, king obtains loan from Council on strength of, 602.

Suffolk, county :

magistrate in imprisoned for saying true method of taxation through parliament, 167.

Sufi, shah of Persia :

letters of to Charles, 25
-, letter of Charles to, 34n.

present of pocket pistols by Venice to, 116.

sugar :

cargo in Hamburg ship, 341
-, cargo from Fayal, 427n
-, Dutch ships with, for Rouen, 559.

Suriano, Cristoforo, secretary of the Collegio, Venice, 73, 144, 240 :

takes Fielding word of punishment of officials, 224.

Surrey, co. :

justices of the peace make return of foreigners in, 516n.

Suwali, Swilly [India] :

Mary sails from, 34n.

Swalendorf. See Strahlendorf.

Swallow, royal ship :

in winter squadron, 63n.

Swan, frigates, royal ship :

French frigate taken by, 23n
-, in winter squadron, 63n
-, to be in Palatine's fleet, 173n.

Sweden and Swedes :

kept occupied in Germany, 307.

1636 :

English rely on insisting on Palatine's inclusion in peace, 2
-, diet for arranging truce with, 7.

dispute with Poland, Charles mediates, 8.

England promises help to, 38
-, English cultivate, for peace, 47.

to be invited to join Anglo French alliance, 89.

success over imperialists and Saxons changes aspect in Germany, 100.

Austrians seek English help against, 102
-, fear of joining in general league against Spain, 103.

English try to remove objection to Danish command of Baltic, 115.

Austrian fear of England supporting with money and men, 117.

1637 :

permission given for levies requested, 134, 213, 215
-, Dutch to be asked to support, 148.

appeal to help Palatine, 142, 151
-, Berkeley to suggest alliance and subsidy to, 147
-, intention to assist with men and money, 157.

interest to have peace, 142
-, English fear that will make peace, 160
-, inclination to separate peace, 167.

Fleetwood sent to promise help to, 160
-, Council discuss question of helping, 173.

Dutch intend to give money to, 168.

Anglo French treaty depends upon joining, 181
-, Richelieu wants included in treaty, 187
-, proposed inclusion in coalition, 187.

friendly reception of English offers, 189
-, terms asked of England, 190
-, discussed in Council, 193.

consultation with, at Hamburg, 192
-, consent needed for terms with England, 192, 198, 204.

spread report of negotiations with emperor and Saxony, 194
-, suspicions of accommodation with emperor, 228, 255.

coalition against, 194.

England not treating with, 199
-, alliance with England may force Austria to peace with France, 205.

hope of further English help, 213, 214
-, levies for, slow for lack of money, 224, 228
-, but proceed, 256, 274.

opposed to general congress at Paris, 223
-, representation desired at Paris, 230.

Anglo French treaty to be submitted to for approval, 233
-, to have Pomerania, 236.

Palatine asks what to say to, 235
-, real intentions unknown, 237
-, considered ruined, 244, 249.

invited to enter alliance, 240, 315
-, ratification of treaty depends on, 240, 255, 262.

unlikely to send to Cologne, will not give up Pomerania, 244
-, reasons for not sending to Cologne, 268.

escape toils of Gallas, 251
-, retreat upon Stettin, 261
-, English interest in, recovery, 266.

objections to Anglo French treaty, 257, 260.

Scots expelled from Poland would go to, Polish Palatine match only designed to get help against, 273, 348.

invitation to congress for common cause, 275, 346
-, agreed to Hamburg as venue, 284
-, delegates on way to congress, 318.

reported victory over imperialists, 288, 315
-, English fear will succumb, 322.

disposed to peace, proposed terms, 290
-, negotiations broken off, 314.

English assurances to, 315
-, abundant English levies granted to, 322.

agreement with France, 314, 347
-, England may tire of negotiations with, 325.

Brandenburg asks English offices with for Pomerania, 337
-, agreement with Poland about Baltic, 351.

negotiations with emperor, 343, 347
-, broken off and revived, 356.

demands of France, 347
-, reported defeat by Gallas, 354.

1638 :

Leicester thinks want to force king's hand, 355.

English ambigious about support, 359, 364
-, Vosbergen urges support of, 362.

withdraw to winter quarters, 364
-, Alexander Leslie in service of, 373
-, taking levies for, 398.

negotiations with emperor, 364
-, English want assurance that broken off, 373.

send Scottish colonel to learn England's intentions, 364
-, accused of delaying French alliance, 370, 373, 375.

marriage alliance with Austria unlikely, 377, 378
-, fear of negotiations with emperor, 439.

capture Wolgast and Landsberg, 393
-, embarking troops for Germany, 422
-, landed in Pomerania, 429.

Roe to promise help to, 413
-, English urge to take part in Lubeck congress, 455.

troops under King offered to Palatine, 422.

Danzigers appeal to, against Poles, 429.

emperor trying to re-open negotiations with, 429.

negotiations for alliance with fluctuate, 463
-, requirements of England, 481.

1639 :

insist on Palatine being included in general peace, 489.

Scots obtain guns from, 495.

Louis says responsible for hitches, 502
-, proposed alliance with Dutch, 569.

ambassador expected from at London, 512
-, Palatine impatient for answer about help, 571.

victories over imperialists, 556.

-, chancellor of. See Oxenstierna, Axel.

-, king of. See Gustavus Adolphus.

-, queen of. See Christina, queen of Sweden.

Swiftsure, royal ship :

equipped but lacks captain, 60
-, escorts merchantmen to Dunkirk, 209n.

Swilly. See Suwali.

Switzerland and Swiss :

likely to let Rohan pass to join allies, 45.

Bernard of Saxe Weimar asks passage from diet, 243.

Fleming returning to, 516, 580
-, Fleming back from, 534, 566.

mistrust of French, 534, 566.

letters sent to, about Saxe Weimar army, 566.

Fleming to get to help Palatine, 573, 580
-, Venice wishes to know about, 583
-, Bellievre complains of his anti French offices with, 602.

Symonds, Simonds, Simeas, Simens, Simons, Limona Thomas :

chosen as English consul at Zante and Cephalonia, 402
-, to make representations about duties, 403.

reports of Five Savii upon, 438, 537, 563, 569.

Burdet to be subordinate to, 415n.

Venice notified of appointment, 437
-, expelled from Zante, 462, 463, 474
-, Talbot's defence of, 464
-, Talbot appeals for, 482
-, Fielding appeals for, 518, 524, 527.

Giustinian complains of to king, 474
-, Donado on watch for at Cephalonia, 475.

promise to consider case, 524, 527
-, memorial to Fielding to obtain reinstatement, 531, 563
-, allowed back for two years, 569, 570.

acted as agent of Levant co. rather than as consul, 537.