Venice: July 1650

Pages 150-152

Calendar of State Papers Relating To English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 28, 1647-1652. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1927.

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July 1650

July 6.
Collegio, Secreta. Esposizioni, Principi. Venetian Archives.
412. The Resident of England came into the Collegio and handed in a memorial which was read.
The Memorial.
My king has directed me to inform you of the success of the treaty at Breda with the Scottish commissioners, his Majesty having modified and put an end to many of the differences which were the origin of his misfortunes. He embarked with them on the 12th June at Shifling in Holland for Scotland, to take possession of that crown. The total defeat of Cromwell by the royal forces in Ireland was confirmed by special courier sent to his Majesty. This happy beginning will lead to a prosperous end and now is the time for his Majesty to implore the assistance of all the princes, his confederates in this most just war against his rebellious people. I therefore beseech this republic in the name of Almighty God, and my king, by the honour of Christendom and by the ancient friendship between his house and this state to supply him with some friendly assistance in this extreme need, by lending him fire-arms and ammunition. I am commanded by his Majesty to assure you that he will restore it as soon as God makes it possible for him to do so, with the friendly gratitude that is due.
Thomas Killigrew.
Venice, the 6th June, 1650.
The doge replied, We rejoice at the good news you bring of his Majesty's affairs. We wish him every felicity. The Resident bowed with the usual reverences, and went out.
July 13.
Senato, Secreta. Dispacci, Francia. Venetian Archives.
413. Michiel Morosini, Venetian Ambassador in France, to the Doge and Senate.
In spite of the precautions of parliament, which tried to stop the king of England from crossing by two large naval squadrons, he has arrived in Scotland without any accident and been received by the inhabitants with the greatest enthusiasm. Solemn fasts were immediately ordained, and they have begun a general census of the entire male population between the ages of 16 and 60, in order to form an effective army against that of England. But as thirty members of the Scottish parliament voted against his reception it is feared that some mischance may befall him.
Moret, the 13th July, 1650.
July 19.
Senato, Secreta. Dispacci, Francia. Venetian Archives.
414. Michiel Morosini, Venetian Ambassador in France, to the Doge and Senate.
The Duke of York has written to his mother telling her that the Scots have declared war against England to begin in 3 months' time, so that they may be able to arm sufficiently. The English ridiculed the announcement because of this quarter's notice attached to it, and desired Cromuell to prepare for action, meaning to attack at once, the enemy being in no condition to make any great resistance. An act has been passed limiting Cromuell's army to 25,000 men, and Fairfax has withdrawn from the command, to enjoy his private tranquillity.
Orleans, the 19th July, 1650.
July 23.
Senato, Secreta. Deliberazioni. Corti. Venetian Archives.
415. To the Ambassador in Spain.
You are to speak to the king and ministers about the English ships privateering in the Mediterranean under the Spanish flag. You will point out to them the most deplorable consequences which may be produced by such lawless concessions and do your utmost to put a stop to an abuse which is so seriously mischievous. We are waiting to hear what you have to report about what has happened with the English ambassadors.
Ayes, 127. Noes, 0. Neutral, 3.
July 27.
Senato, Secreta. Dispacci, Spagna. Venetian Archives.
416. Pietro Basadonna, Venetian Ambassador in Spain, to the Doge and Senate.
Some weeks ago Prince Rupert arrived in the port of Lisbon with a squadron of vessels in the service of the king of England. While he was taking in provisions there a much more numerous fleet in the pay of the parliament made its appearance. This anchored at the mouth of the Tagus where it is blockading the Prince and seriously inconveniencing the Portuguese. Many say that this fleet is being sent by parliament to Bordeaux to help the insurgents, while others maintain that ten vessels are already at the mouth of the Garonne, but I cannot vouch for this. One thing only is certain, that replies have been received to the letters forwarded to London announcing the murder of the parliamentary minister. The parliament took this as a fortuitous accident, without imputing the slightest blame to the government for which it expresses particular respect, declaring its intention to maintain a good understanding and promising to send three individuals to take the place of the deceased envoy or to share his fate.
No decision has yet been reached about the prisoners, who await the decree of the Apostolic vicar concerning the right of sanctuary, which they claimed, the king and Council of State having declared that they will let the law take its course, and will not deflect it by political considerations, as was anticipated.
Madrid, the 27th July, 1650.