BHO

Index: C

Pages 339-350

Calendar of State Papers Relating To English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 28, 1647-1652. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1927.

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Citation:

C

Cabrera, Juan de Alfonso Enriquez de, Don Giovanni, Viceroy of Naples, representations to against privateering, 150.

Cadiz, Spain :

news from, 154.

Blake at, 160n
-, his arrogant behaviour, 164
-, his remarks at, 169-70.

Penn at, 170n, 174n
-, English squadron expected at, 174.

Basadonna's agents at, 175
-, Rupert's squadron off, alarm about, 185
-, ships from captured, 322.

-, governor of. See Cerda, Antonio de, duke of Medina Celi.

Cæsar, duke of Vendôme, Admiral of France :

sending succour to Dunkirk, 284
-, sends to ask for restoration of ships, 294
-, curt reply to, 295.

Cæsar. See Ferdinand III, emperor.

Calais
-, [Pas de Calais France], prince of Wales going to, 65
-, Pauw travels via, 86
-, Pauluzzi at, 223.

French fear English designs on, 289
-, Bordeaux reported at, 319, 323.

-, governor of. See Bethune, Louis de.

news from, 269.

mail, 295.

Callander, Calendar, earl of. See Livingstone, James.

Callergi, Michiel, commander of the San Filippo, 114.

Callough, Collugh [co. Longford, Ireland], Reynolds takes, 220.

Cambridge, co. Cambridge, army at, 1, 2.

Campbell
-, Archibald, marquis of Argyle, speech at opening of parliament, 50
-, leads party favouring English, 55
-, fortifies Mull, 205
-, efforts to prevent bloodshed, 206
-, wants to summon new parliament, 207
-, fortifies house but waiting to submit, 214.

avoids meetings of English commissioners, 213
-, inclined to meet them and give satisfaction, 220.

starting fresh risings, 215
-, natives of Arran show little love for, 236.

preparing to meet commissioners, 221
-, Deane and Salway confer with, his demands, 224.

Campbell
-, John, earl of Loudoun, chancellor of Scotland, goes to king at Hampton Court, 26
-, demands of read to parliament, 59.

Candia. See Crete.

Campion
-, Henry, English merchant at Zante, 133
-, chosen to act as consul, 173.

representations to against molesting French ships, 181, 220, 236.

Canea, Crete :

need of succour for, 4
-, Midelton's action delays succour for, 132.

transport of troops and munitions to, 11
-, Appleton refuses to accompany Turkish fleet to, 232.

Canterbury, co. Kent, proposed demolition of cathedral, for materials, 276.

Canterstrene, Sig., secretary to Swedish embassy in London, 210, 225.

returns home, 264.

Capel, Arthur, lord, beheaded at Westminster, 93.

Capello, Niccolo, Savio alla Mercanzia, 89.

Captain Thomas, merchantman, captured by Rupert, 96.

Cardenas, Don Alonso de, Spanish ambassador in England : 225.

sees king at Syon house, 16
-, stays on after king's execution, 88
-, spoke in king's favour, 91
-, will not be recognised without special letters of credence, 124
-, recognises commonwealth, 135, 167.

arrangements with parliament suspected, 143, 145
-, received as ambassador, 154.

endangered by Ascham's murder, 147
-, anxiety for, 148
-, threatened if satisfaction not given, 164.

Scottish prisoners likely to be granted to as levies, 167
-, report of Cromwell's message after Dunbar, 170
-, purchases pictures, etc., of Charles, 175.

to enquire about English help to Turks, 173-4
-, king's letter to upon, 175-6
-, instructions to, 178, 180
-, answer expected, 183
-, finds no trace of alliance, 196
-, report upon, 199.

reception in Commons, 182, 186
-, permitted to return home, 282.

levy of Scots and Irish granted to, 267
-, appeals for help against Dunkirk, 283-4
-, thanks parliament for help at, 287.

office against Peneguiao, 292
-, vexation at honour shown to him, 295
-, watches his negotiations, 298
-, Peneguiao issues pamphlet against, 303.

Peneguiao claims same treatment as, 306
-, attendants have affray with Portuguese, 318.

demands release of S. Salvador, 309, 314, 318
-, privately interested, 310.

not to leave England but to foment the war, 311
-, special office about the silver, 326.

Cardinals :

Digby says should help king, 5
-, pope refers Irish affairs to, 8
-, Digby referred to congregation of, 41.

Caricfergus. See Carrickfergus.

Carich. See Carrick on Suir.

Carich Colta. See Carrigaholt.

Carisbrooke
-, Scarbrot, castle, isle of Wight, co. Hants, king confined in, 39
-, unsuccessful attempt to release at, 43-4.

Levellers get possession of, 105
-, Princess Elizabeth dies at, 158n
-, talk of removing Gloucester from, 325.

Carisso, ? Gyaros, Cyclades, Greece, naval action near, 111.

Carita Magna, distinguished itself at Fochies, 114.

Carleni
-, Abbot, report on Spanish advances to parliament, 182-3
-, speaks of English sentiments to Venice, 192
-, Basadonna reserved with, 193.

Carlingford, Carlingfort, co. Louth, Venables takes, 127.

Carlisle
-, co. Cumberland, troops sent to, 13
-, royalists take possession of, 59
-, Scots move to support of, 61.

Carlow, co. Carlow, Ireland, raids from into Wicklow, 230.

Carnarvon, co. Carnarvon, castle, held for king, 75.

Carnegie, David, earl of Southesk, 212.

-, -, James, lord Carnagy, son of, submits to parliament, 212.

Carrick on Suir, Carich, co. Waterford, Ireland, Reynolds sent to take, 134.

Carrickfergus
-, Caricfergus, Nocfergus, co. Antrim, Ireland, taken for king, 99
-, capture of, 112
-, siege raised, 130.

Carrigaholt, Carich Colta, co. Clare, Ireland, Ludlow takes, 209.

Cartagena
-, [Prov. Murcia Spain], Rupert and pursuers at, 161
-, Rupert's prizes at, 161-2, 164
-, Rupert shows hostility at, 162.

-, governor of, 161.

Carteret, Catret, George, governor of Elizabeth castle, holds out, 208.

-, Philip, governor of Montorgueil castle, Jersey, surrenders, 207.

Casale [Prov. Alessandria, Italy], Spanish success at, 312.

"Case of the Army truly Stated", 26-7.

Cashel [co. Tipperary, Ireland], Inchiquin takes, 52.

Cassilis, earl of, Casseliensis. See Kennedy, John.

Castelhpaen. See Touchet, James, earl of Castlehaven.

Castelli, employed on Venetian levy in England, 63, 66, 68, 71, 78.

ordered to return, 73
-, sick in London, 80.

Castile
-, Spain, Portuguese troops recalled from frontier, 153
-, pride of people in loyalty, 163.

Castle (?), Huntly and Monro retire to, 205.

Castlehaven, Castelhpaen, earl of. See Touchet, James.

Catalonia, Spain :

Ascham's murderers served in army of, 147
-, fleet to act against, 162
-, Spanish success in, 312.

Catechesis Ecclesiarum or Cracow Catechism, parliament orders to be burned, 224.

cathedrals, proposal to pull down and sell materials, 267, 276.

Catholic king. See Philip IV.

Catholics, Roman, Papists :

to be tolerated, 15
-, put project for toleration before army, 16
-, forbidden exercise of religion, 24, 25.

evil plight in Ireland, 30
-, send deputies to Paris, 50
-, suggested levy for Venice in return for help, 54
-, fear fate of English Presbyterians, 238.

disarming of, 107
-, expulsion of, 128
-, property to be sold, 264.

Catret. See Carteret.

Catz
-, Commander, general of Dutch squadron in Mediterranean, recalled, 275
-, van Galen succeeds, 277.

Caumont, Henri Nompar de, due de La Force, marshal of France, 208, 221.

-, Pierre de, Marquis de Cugnac, Cognac, sent for Condé's levy in England, 208
-, marriage to Mayerne's daughter, 221.

Cavan, co. Ireland, Irish driven out of, 215.

Cavanis, Iseppo, notary of ducal chancery, reads office to Killigrew, 195.

Cavendish, William, marquis of Newcastle, excluded from pardon, 17.

Cecil, William, earl of Salisbury, introduces Cardenas to audience, 182, 186.

Cephalonia, island of, Ionian Islands :

English trade at, 133
-, Campion recommended as consul at, 173
-, cargo of currants from, 236
-, English squadron at, 268.

- See also Argostoli.

-, English consul at. See Campion, Henry
-, Grillo, Pier Antonio.

Cerda
-, Antonio de, duke of Medina Celi, governor of Cadiz, reception of Blake, 164
-, to keep an eye on English squadron, 174.

Ceremonies, Master of the. See Fleming, Sir Oliver.

Cerigo, island, Greece, French tartana plundered off, 236.

Cesy, count of. See Harlay, Philip de.

Challoner, Thomas, appointed to confer with Pauluzzi, 290.

Chamberlain, Chambrelan, Messrs., payment to Salvetti by, 130.

Chambers, Chrambries, Sir Richard, expelled from parliament, 108.

Chambord [Loir et Cher, France], despatch, dated at, 153.

Charenton near Paris, Gassion buried at 19.

Charles I, king of Great Britain, king of England :

sold by Scots, 50, 87, 89, 150
-, imprisonment at Carisbrooke, 105.

property sold by order of parliament, 92, 95, 115, 175
-, punishment for those who speak in favour of, 93
-, measures against descendants of, 94.

rejected covenant, 93, 95.

Commons print justification of proceedings against, 94
-, Dorislaus concerned in death, 100
-, Ascham a conspirator against, 149.

strong feeling in France about death, 103-4, 158
-, stringency against supporters, 108.

city banquet to, on return from Scotland, 108.

crowns and other things of, destroyed, 120
-, particulars of murder of imparted to Signory, 136-9, 141
-, regard of Venice for, 140.

chosen mediator between Poland and Sweden, 142
-, first to receive ambassador of Braganza, 145.

regicides killed in Ireland, 174
-, judges of excluded from pardon, 200.

new members of parliament required to approve execution, 241
-, Denmark's relationship to, 244.

Lenthall one of bitterest enemies, 264
-, Peters preached death of, 283.

security given on property of, 278
-, property of supporters to be sold, 318.

adherents of escape from Tower, 288.

1647 :

dealings of Fairfax with, 1
-, his demands about, 3
-, going with army, 9, 10.

taken to Newmarket, 1
-, guarded there, 2
-, approaching London, magnates go to, 3
-, chooses Windsor to go to, 4.

Lauderdale demands restoration, 2
-, free access to, 5
-, demand in London for return, 10.

Digby asks help at Rome for, 5
-, Digby condemns papal behaviour to, 5, 8, 29.

allowed to see children, 5
-, sends them back to London, 9
-, visits them at Syon House, 15
-, wants children to visit, 25
-, concession to, 26.

Bendish countenanced by, 8, 11, 22
-, Crow says not, 14, 16, 21
-, Crow claims support of, 20, 22.

at Stoke, fate uncertain, 12
-, uncertain of course to pursue, 13
-, at Oatlands, nobility visit, 15
-, at Hampton Court, 15, 24, 30.

peace terms presented to, 15, 17, 23
-, reported agreement with army, 17
-, reply to proposals, 18, 19, 24.

rumoured restoration, 16, 28
-, Digby indignant at Rome's conduct to, 20.

both Presbyterians and Independents abandon, 24
-, fresh proposals for, 25-6, 31, 34, 36-7.

threats to person, 24
-, move in army for, 26
-, deposition discussed, 30.

Cromwell believed to favour, 30
-, writes to parliament, 32.

Scottish attitude to, 30, 33, 37, 55
-, proposal to bring to London, 33, 37.

escapes, 31
-, in isle of Wight, 32
-, guarded there, diversions, 34
-, queen's distress at imprisonment, 39.

hopes of Fairfax, 32
-, sharp letter to parliament about peace proposals, 36.

1648 :

peace proposals submitted to, 39
-, army approves parliament's treatment of, 41.

more strictly confined, 39, 42
-, remonstrates, 40
-, precautions in guarding, 44-6, 48.

plans to deliver, 40, 43
-, proposed transfer to Scilly, 43
-, movement in favour of, 45.

Scottish attitude to, 40, 41, 44, 48
-, Scots' demand for release, 53, 57, 63, 72.

formulation of charges against, 44, 47
-, manifesto justifying detention, 46.

declaration published in London in name of, 45
-, author discovered, 47.

cannot endure servants given him, 50
-, wants old ones, 57.

talk of bringing to London, 51
-, petition for, 69.

risings in favour of, 52-3, 59, 61-6, 69, 70, 75
-, Inchiquin declares for, 57.

French will not recognise flag at sea, 52-3
-, part of navy declares for, 65-6.

parliament would like peace with, 57
-, contemplated conference with, 64.

attempt to escape, fails, 64
-, Hammond will not answer for, to be moved, 66.

petition for peace with, 68
-, preliminary demands of, 70-1
-, parliament decides on treaty with, 72
-, prince demands, 73.

hopes dashed at Preston, 74
-, parliament expects advantages from disposition, 80.

delegation to treat with, 75
-, expresses desire for treaty, 76
-, accepts all terms, 78-9.

deadlock in negotiations with, 81
-, last reply satisfactory, 82-3.

asks leave to come to London, concession to, 82
-, removed to Hurst castle, fears for, 83-4.

treaties with suspended, manifesto against, 85
-, brought to London for trial, 86.

1649 :

efforts to save, 86
-, condolences on death, 87, 89
-, sister loses portion by death, 88.

trial and execution, 87
-, last speech, 88
-, account of last moments, 90-1
-, mourning for, 93.

children of. See Charles II
-, Elizabeth
-, Henry, duke of Gloucester
-, James, duke of York
-, Mary, princess of Orange.

Charles II, king of Great Britain, king of England, king of Scotland, Grand Duke related to, 193.

1649 :

assumes royal dignity, 87
-, reply to Dutch condolences, 88
-, visits Princess Palatine, 92
-, present from duchess of Savoy, 110.

pronounced ineligible, 87
-, Scotland adopts as king, 89, 91
-, too sanguine about Scotland, 91.

Dutch compliment but doubtful what style to use, 88
-, hesitation in recognising, 89
-, reported recognition by Dutch, 91
-, urges Dutch to continue alliance, 93.

gentry flock to, from England, 92
-, man punished for asking prayers for, 93.

Scottish commissioners want to carry away, 93
-, insist on taking covenant, 95.

has not complete confidence in Dutch, 94
-, Rupert's manifesto for, 95.

all who help guilty of treason, 94
-, troops in Ulster declare for, 99.

proclaimed in some parts of England, 95
-, going to Ireland, 97, 105, 110.

hopeful of ambassador from France, 95
-, waiting for advice from Fiance, 97.

navy ordered to capture ships of, 102
-, strained relations with mother, 119.

gets no help from Dutch, 102
-, Dutch impartiality with, 110.

sends Cottington to prepare way through Flanders, 103
-, leaves Hague after thanking Dutch, 105
-, halts at Breda, 108.

archduke's reception of, 109
-, keeps private at St. Germain, 110, 120.

should try to make peace between France and Spain, 109
-, French recognition of commonwealth would be affront to, 111
-, goes to Jersey, 119.

Irish Catholics waiting for, to acknowledge, 112.

incensed at Bendish granting ships to Turks, 119
-, Venice cultivates friendship, 123, 126.

dislike of French, 120
-, talk of marriage to Innsbruck princess, 132.

present of queen of Sweden to, 120
-, talk of marriage with her, 120-1.

Hyde and Cottington likely to return to soon, 128
-, cautions Venetian attitude to, 129
-, letter to doge, 136
-, sends Killigrew to Venice, 136-40.

1650 :

French privateers sail under flag of, 134-5
-, treaty with Scots, 136
-, Scottish commissioners and, 145, 150.

letters of Senate to, 140
-, Venetian reply to, 141
-, letters to doge, 150-1.

decides to trust Scots, 150
-, crosses safely to Scotland, reception, 151.

reported victory and advance on London, 156, 160
-, defeated but gathering fresh army, 157.

Hyde sent to Porte by, 159
-, care for merchants in Turkey, 161.

loss by Orange's death, 159
-, Philip told may lawfully abandon, 163.

contradictory reports from Scotland about, 159-60
-, thinks of escape, under guard, 164.

envoys fare badly at Porte and Madrid, 163
-, signs of Spanish hostility to, 164.

fear of treachery against, 165
-, Scots decide to crown, 168
-, Hyde going to join in Scotland, 171.

1651 :

affront to at Constantinople, 167
-, Killigrew reports successes, 172, 174, 188, 194, 198, 200
-, Venetian good wishes for, 172-3, 198, 201
-, will rejoice at Venetian success, 195.

plot in England upset by seizure of agents, 177
-, troops would flock to if entered England, 187.

reported success in Scotland, 182
-, mother reports victory of, 195
-, forces superior to parliament's, 196.

defeat at Worcester, 200
-, accounts of flight, 202-4.

reaches Paris, 202
-, need of French support, 203.

wants to marry Mlle. d'Orleans, 207.

1652 :

prayers for in Scotland, 220
-, forbidden, 221
-, magistrates at Edinburgh for, 223.

efforts to bring about peace in France, 223
-, leaves Paris for Rouen, 261.

tries to find out about Paulucci's mission, 223.

and dismissal of Killigrew, 247, 250-2, 261-2, 265, 268.

called pretender king of Scotland, 261
-, agent from Rupert to, 262.

expected to embark on Dutch fleet, 261
-, ready to accept Dutch help to assert rights, 269
-, Dutch mean to help, 275
-, Dutch offer army to, 292.

loyalty to persists in England, 268
-, unpopular with princes, 269
-, Mazarin entertains, 273.

French protection of antagonises England, 286
-, France likely to help when hands free, 289.

Boreel confers with, 299
-, tries to prevent Bordeaux's mission to England, 317, 320.

Charles, Prince of Wales :

Nani's offices with, 2
-, queen's anxiety about, 16.

permission to return considered, 26
-, Scots think of putting at head of royal party, 41.

advantage to France, in dealing with England, 42
-, thinks of going to Holland and Denmark for help, 50
-, invited to Scotland, 60
-, consultation about going, 61
-, Ormonde going with, 64, 71.

leaving for England, 64
-, decision to go to Scotland, 65.

revolted ships eager for, 66
-, doubtful of their allegiance, 69.

sails with fleet, 69
-, captures ships at mouth of Thames, 70
-, in Downs, stops London ships, 72.

at Yarmouth, 70
-, returns to Holland, unsuccessful, 73
-, staying at Hague, 74.

writes to city Council, 72-3
-, Warwick going to fight, 74
-, Warwick's reply to message, 75.

bewildered after Preston, 75
-, ill of small pox, 79-81
-, recovering, 82.

fleet at Goree, 78
-, report that going to relieve Scarborough, 83.

thinks of going to Jersey, 82
-, talk of going to France or Ireland, 83.

in penury, reduces expenses, 84
-, urges Dutch to try and save father, 86
-, Dutch offer condolences to, 87.

army demands surrender, 85
-, commonwealth sentences to death, 94
-, Rupert's manifesto for, 95.

Charles III, duke of Lorraine :

offers services to Queen Henrietta, 44
-, remarks on marriage project for Charles, 132, 135
-, enterprise in Ireland, 190, 192
-, Galway expecting help from, 210
-, arrangement with Court, Charles supposed author of, 269.

Charles Louis, Elector Palatine, Prince Palatine, Elector Palatine of Heidelberg :

goes to visit king, 5
-, says parliament ready to grant levy to Venice, 43
-, proposed levy by, 51.

unable to see king before execution, 90
-, proposed separate agreement with Spain, 110
-, receives Lower Palatinate from emperor, 265.

talk of duke of Gloucester going to, 325.

letters to, 43.

Charleton, Richard, shipped home from Smyrna and imprisoned, 159n, 167n.

Charost, count of. See Bethune.

Chartres, Sciartres [Eure et Loir, France], dispatch dated at, 211.

Chavort, John, money paid through, 306.

Chent. See Kent.

Cheshire, county, royalist rising in, 65.

Chester, co. Cheshire, troops sent to Ireland via, 48.

advices from 127-8, 130, 133-4, 136, 208.

news from, 209, 212, 218-20, 223, 230.

-, governor of. See Duckenfield.

Chias, Raffael, secretary of Sir Gilbert Talbot, 121.

Chilegru, Chiligre, Chiligrens. See Killigrew.

Chios, island of, English ships from Smyrna join Turkish fleet off, 113.

Choiseul, Cesar de, comte de Plessis Pralin, marshal of France, warning from Bordeaux to, 126.

Chrambies. See Chambers.

Christian IV, king of Denmark :

Prince of Wales going to ask help, 50
-, natural son of at Vienna, 106.

Christina, queen of Sweden :

sends munitions of war to Charles, 120
-, talk of marriage to Charles, 120-1.

friendly letter to Commonwealth, 274
-, uncertainty why moving army, 283
-, likely to prefer England to Holland, 307.

Christina of Bourbon
-, duchess dowager of Savoy, sends money to Charles, 110
-, Killigrew to visit, 119.

Chsintor (?), Huntly and Monro advance against, 205.

Ciapel. See Keble.

Ciera
-, Angelo, takes admonition to Killigrew, 189
-, informs foreign ministers of victory at Paros, 194.

Ciligreus. See Killigrew.

Cirt. See Coote.

Clanricard, marquis of. See Burgh, Ulick de.

Clapton. See Clopton.

Clare, in Thomond, co. Clare, Ireland, castle, surrenders, 208-9.

Clarke, Lieut. Col., captured in Dutch ship, 107-8.

Clitheroe, Clittaro, co. Lancs., castle, to be slighted after surrender, 97.

Clonmel, Clanuel, co. Tipperary, Ireland, invested, 142.

Clopton, Clapton, Cuthbert, chaplain of Ambassador Giustinian, given up to him, 198.

cloth :

Turkish magnates eager for, 67
-, English trade in, to Levant, 272.

Clotworthy, Sir John, released from Tower, 65n.

coal, reaches London from Scotland, 310, 322.

scarcity and high price, 310.

Cobbet, Cobet, Ralph, regiment embarks for Dundee, 206.

Cockermouth, Cokermut, co. Cumberland, Cromwell demolishes castle, 81.

Cognac. See Caumont, Pierre de, marquis de Cugnac.

Coimbra, bishop of. See Menezes, Sebastian Cesar de.

coinage, issue of new, 101-2.

Colchester
-, co. Essex, siege of, 67-70, 77
-, begins to parley, 74.

-, governor of. See Lucas, Sir Charles.

Coleraine, co. Antrim, Ireland, taken for king, 99.

Collugh. See Callough.

Colmor. See Culmore.

comedians, expelled, 26.

commissioners, Scottish, to Charles :

at Rotterdam and later Hague, 93
-, not started, 142
-, negotiations at Breda, 144-50
-, names of, 145.

Committee for consideration of inconveniences of the law, 212
-, meetings of, 214-5.

-, for the propagation of the Gospel, to meet daily, 239.

-, for Trade and Foreign Affairs, 254n.

Commons, House of, Lower House :

1647 :

army demands punishment of members, 2, 5
-, or removal, 3
-, members accused by army, 17.

opposed to king's children returning to Syon House, 9
-, agrees to demolition of London fortifications, 17
-, city's representations to against troops returning, 34.

city asks security for repayment of grant to army, 20
-, promises to levy money for army, 24, 25.

acts passed in Speaker's absence null, 20
-, confers with Lords on peace proposals, 27, 34
-, agrees to proposals, 34.

further demands of king, 31
-, sends terms to king, 36-7.

1648 :

complaint of army to about billeting, 39
-, will not answer Surrey men, 62.

army officers approve of treatment of king, 41
-, terms proposed to king, 70.

grants permission for Venetian levy, 60
-, London refuses money to, 64
-, petitions to, for peace, 76
-, imprisoned members released, 65
-, Fairfax threatens and imprisons members, 83.

directs raising of new army corps, 70
-, decides on nayal force for winter, 80
-, not satisfied with king's reply, 81
-, orders king's removal to Winchester, 82.

1649 :

assumes power to act without Lords, 86
-, no respect shown to king in, 90.

orders sale of king's property, 92
-, orders demolition of castles, 97.

decrees death for princes and royalists, 94
-, prints and circulates justification of proceedings, 94.

raising money for war in Ireland, 97
-, orders against non parliament ships, 101
-, announcement against conspirators, 103
-, Soames and Chambers expelled from, 108.

passes act to regulate militia, 107
-, all power in hands of, 187
-, no decision about new parliament, 205.

Princess Elizabeth asks for pension, 107
-, reception of Cardenas in, 182, 186.

1652 :

Speiring presents credentials to, 212
-, votes funds for maintaining armies, 213
-, has achieved sole direction of affairs, 231
-, orders Committee for Propagation of Gospel to meet daily, 239n.

-, Speaker of. See Lenthali, William.

Commonwealth, republic :

new style of government, 88
-, all royal property annexed by, 92.

friendly assurances to Dutch, 88
-, contemplates embassies to all princes of Europe, 91
-, impartiality of Dutch towards, 110
-, Dutch decide to recognise, 172.

charges of treason against, 97
-, increasing severity of rules for establishment of, 108.

desire for recognition, 111
-, Cardenas recognises, 135
-, projected alliance with, 143.

certain to try and keep alive troubles in France, 126
-, little trust in Conde, 234.

encourages use of ships by Turks, 143
-, help for Turk will render odious, 173.

French attempt to sound attitude, 176
-, Dutch embassy to, 208.

Dutch hesitate about alliance until established, 180
-, Basadonna's report on constitution, 187.

Spanish relations with, 183
-, Spain dissatisfied with, 195-6.

forms observed with, 183, 185-6
-, Oldenburg recognises, 217
-, belief that Pauluzzi going to recognise, 223, 225-6, 235
-, affronted if not realised, 228.

Venetians well disposed to, 227
-, Venice should have good understanding with, 237.

strong enough to stand alone, 227.

success everywhere, 232
-, efforts for firmer establishment of, 243.

Pauluzzi learned views of from Fleming, 238
-, likely to befriend Venice once intercourse established, 240
-, desire for recognition by Venice, 307.

dignity to be maintained, 259
-, satisfaction at treatment of Killigrew, 262.

means to protect merchants against Turks, 264
-, grants levies readily as glad to be rid of unsuitable soldiers, 267.

Browne cannot deny stability, 268
-, Portugal's advances to, 297, 303, 306.

apparently depressed by war news, 269
-, disturbed by Dutch intention to help Charles, 275.

friendly letter of Queen of Sweden to, 274
-, ready to be friends with all, 291.

ready to oblige Venice with ships and men, 280
-, Paulucci's appeal to, 304.

Dutch war destroys Spanish hope of utilising, 282
-, gratitude for recognition checks Spanish reverses, 287.

Dutch manifesto makes responsible for war, 282
-, expects to grow in strength while Dutch become weaker, 292.

van Galen does not believe will send naval forces far away, 293
-, claims against Portugal, 298
-, Bordeaux does not intend to acknowledge, 323.

warned against Spain, 303
-, glad to grant levies to get rid of troublesome persons, 312.

-, See also parliament.

Compiegne [Oise, France] :

despatches dated at, 101, 110-1, 281.

Condé, prince of. See Bourbon Condé, Louis II. de.

Condulmier, Domenico, Venetian secretary at the Hague, 43.

letters from to Contarini, 46, 87-8.

letters to, 43.

Connaught
-, Ireland, English commissioners sent to, 216
-, Irish in S.W. cut off from, 220
-, Irish threaten to enter, 223.

-, West, Erconagath, 209.

Constant Warwick
-, warship, with Appleton at Zante, 232n
-, in action at Monte Cristo, 280n
-, gets away to Naples, 327.

Constantinople, Turkey :

English ships trading to, access, 8, 11, 98, 106, 182
-, arrangement with Venice about, 63, 66, 75, 123, 125-6, 130.

Bendish on way to, 8, 11
-, barbarous treatment of Crow at, 27, 28, 42.

danger of violence at, 99.

letter to English merchant at, 113.

English unlikely to give up going to, 169
-, proposal to hold them up from, 176.

chiaus sent to Appleton from, 232.

dispute about appointment of ambassador at, 253-4
-, Levant Co. meets to discuss, 300
-, Senate anxious to hear about, 308.

Galilee sent captive to, 258-9
-, English at complain of ill treatment by Turks, 264.

Venetian instructions to representative at, 40, 61, 111, 117, 146.

Venetian confidant of, 258.

advices from, 162-3, 166-7.

despatch dated at, 153.

news from, 168-9, 173.

Arsenal, 6, 84.

Contarini, Alvise, Venetian Ambassador at Rome, despatches to the Senate, 5, 8, 11, 20, 29, 41, 47, 50.

Contarini, Alvise, Venetian ambassador at the Congress of Munster, 117.

despatches to Senate, 43, 46, 58, 63, 66, 73, 75, 76, 78, 84-7, 89, 90, 92-3, 95, 102-3, 118, 123.

letters to Morosini, 69, 74, 77, 79-84, 86, 93, 97, 100, 105, 108-10.

letters of Condulmier to, 46, 87-8.

-, Salvetti to, 63, 95, 122, 125, 128, 130.

letter to Salvetti, 123.

communications with Basadonna, 129, 141.

engages Salvetti to move to prevent Turks using foreign ships, 53, 55
-, arrangement with Levant Co. suggested by, 131
-, Carleni served, 192.

instructions to, 135-6, 141.

-, Vicenzo, Venetian Ambassador designate to England, balloting on status, 252.

Cooke, George, Col., slaughter of Irish by, 224.

-, Thomas, royalist agent, captured at sea, 177.

Cooper, Col., leaves Dundee for Montrose, 214.

Coote
-, Cirt, Curt, Cut, Sir Charles, governor of Londonderry, cut off from relief, 121
-, operations in Ulster, 130
-, reported defeat bv Ormonde, 142
-, takes Mulich castle, 206, 210
-, Galway disposed to parley with, 212
-, sends to lay waste Bunratty, 215
-, takes Galway, 230, 232
-, takes tiligo, 262
-, besieges Ballimet, 264
-, reported success, 310.

Copenhagen, Denmark, Bradshaw sent to, 311.

Cops
-, Henry, Dutch minister at the Porte, Vizier sees about hiring ships, 7
-, ships demanded of, 31
-, remonstrance to about ships serving Turks, 40.

Corfu, Ionian island, English at choose Campion as consul, 173.

Cork, co. Cork, Ireland, letter dated at, 44n.

Corner, Andrea, Proveditore of Zante, despatches to the Senate, 181, 232, 236, 267.

Cornwall, county :

royalist rising in, 52
-, troops in protest loyalty, 55.

Correr, Vicenzo, Savio alla Mercanzia, 59, 62.

corsairs. See privateers.

Cottington, Cotinton, Francis baron, sent to prepare king's way through Flanders, 103.

ambassador of Charles to Spain, arrives at S. Sebastian, 125
-, first audience, 128
-, conference with Haro and Basadonna, 129.

efforts to prevent reception of Ascham, 143, 145, 147
-, disclaims responsibility for murder, 147
-, efforts for murderers, 148, 158
-, exonerated, 149
-, supplies their food, 171.

Senate curious about, 151
-, dismissal contemplated, 163
-, dismissed, 163
-, delayed, 166
-, awaiting king's return, 169
-, takes leave, 171.

related to intimate of Mazarin, 163
-, going to Valladolid, 171.

Council of State :

asks money for war in Ireland, 97
-, offers designs for new coinage, 101.

report of Popham to, 103
-, functions of, 187.

city banquet to, 108
-, Levellers want to be appointed yearly, 121.

devoting attention to Ireland, 116
-, to appoint ambassador to Spain, 175n.

selects Ascham as ambassador, 143n
-, appoints Vane ambassador, 153n
-, orders Joaehimi to go, 158n.

Cardenas to speak to about helping Turks, 176
-, refuses to receive Philip's letter, 182.

to treat with Dutch ambassadors, 213
-, answers their memorial, 214
-, submits demands to them, 231.

follows Ireton's body, 215
-, to treat with Aisema, 218
-, and with Williamsons, 220
-, astonished at manner of Pauluzzi's coming, 226
-, to be informed of him, 227-8
-, his case to come before, 233
-, would have sent for him, 235
-, inclined to help Venice, 252
-, will give her preference for mercenaries, 253.

to draw up memorandum for government of Ireland, 236
-, will deal with affray between Portuguese and Spaniards, 318.

Pauw has audience of, 253
-, ready to receive Pauluzzi, 284
-, appoints deputation to receive him, 290.

authorises levy for Spain, 267n
-, representations to against recalling ships from Venetian fleet, 285, 287, 294, 298, 300, 303.

orders trial of Worcester, 271
-, Stanier and, 323.

appoints commissioners to supply fleet, 273
-, and to inspect it, 301
-, they report to, 302.

Blake reports captures to, 279
-, letters from Blake to, 318.

Cardenas thanks for help at Dunkirk, 287
-, demands explanations about S. Salvador, 318.

Pauluzzi's office to be reported to, 290
-, divided about his letter, 309
-, reply expected from, 315, 317.

petitioned to recall ships from Venice, 291n
-, Cardenas demands release of ship from, 309.

Peneguiao's negotiations with, 303, 306, 310
-, ambassadors usually referred to, 326.

committee chosen from for important affairs of state, 303
-, establishes fund for prosecution of war, 312.

parliament refers Grand Duke's letter to, 309
-, Peneguiao applies to for levy, 312.

members retiring and replaced in rotation, 311
-, all attention engrossed by, 314
-, old members confirmed, 317
-, power of army in, 317-8
-, Blake and Fleetwood excluded from, 318.

sends commissioners to report on state of fleet, 322
-, measures to reinforce fleet, 225.

-, secretary of. See Frost, Sir Gualter.

Coutinho, Francesco de Sousa, Portuguese ambassador at the Hague, pays respects to Charles, 89.

Cracow Catechism. See Catechesis Ecclesiarum.

Cranfield, James, earl of Middlesex, commissioner to treat with king, 72.

Craven, Creven, William, lord, property sold, 271.

Crelly
-, Patrick, abbot, sent by nuncio and Irish clergy to queen, 50
-, offers Venice levy in return for support, 54.

Crete, Candia, island of, 132, 159, 275, 295.

transport of troops and munitions to, 7, 98, 103, 112-4, 122, 126.

critical state of, 19
-, Turks expect to have soon, 106
-, Turkish fleet sails for, 114
-, Turks waiting opportunity to get supplies to, 258.

offer of Scottish prisoners for, 167
-, French ships taking food to, 181.

wheat taken to by English ships, 185
-, protest against interrupting supplies to, 221, 236.

easy to ship 6000 Irish to, 233.

ships to and from, 161, 232.

despatches dated from, 107, 114, 124.

Creven. See Craven.

Crollet. See Croullé.

Cromwell, Bridget, Ireton's widow, Fleetwood marries, 270.

-, Elizabeth, wife of Oliver, leaves for Ireland, 116.

-, Henry, arrives in Ireland with troops, 142.

-, Cromuel, Cronuell, Oliver, General, believed to favour king, 30
-, grants levy for Venice, 54.

Scottish lords take refuge in London from, 76
-, invades Scotland, 78.

demolishes Cockermouth castle, 81.

hinders conclusion of treaty with king, 82
-, told to suspend all treaties with king, 85
-, attended by large guard, 90.

lack of civility to Dutch ambassadors, 90
-, commissions for, in Ireland, 110, 115-6
-, will readily make terms with O'Neill, 115
-, does so, 118.

need to relieve Dublin, 111
-, reports capture of Drogheda, 123
-, moves on Wexford, 124.

Inchiquin sent against, 124
-, storms Wexford, 127
-, besieges Waterford, 128.

expected to conquer Ireland in few months, 124
-, marches towards Ross, 130
-, ill at Ross, 134.

reports successes to parliament, 133
-, parliament limits forces, 151.

operations directed by, 134
-, going against Limerick, 142.

forces reported wasted by sword and disease, 144
-, reported defeat in Ireland, 150
-, gone to London for reinforcements, 160.

to attack Scots at once, 151
-, reported defeat by Scots, 156
-, victory at Dunbar, 157.

Scots treat to deliver king to, 160
-, confidence in London in victory, 165.

Edinburgh castle surrenders to, 168
-, report to parliament after Dunbar, 170.

son of, believed slain, 172
-, reported defeats, 182, 195, 200
-, hoped slain, 194.

head of machine, 187, 270
-, jesting reply to Condé, 202
-, Daugnon sends present of horses to, 246.

follows Charles into England, 197, 199
-, victory at Worcester, 200
-, escape of Charles from, 204.

to send officers back to regiments in Scotland, 215
-, talk of going to Ireland, but unlikely, 238.

supremacy of, 231
-, Fleming in confidence of, 233.

goes post to Dover after Folkestone action, 243
-, back and attends all councils on Dutch crisis, 245
-, busy over war preparations, 262.

influence compared to that of Orange, 268
-, astute behaviour, 270
-, goes to inspect Sovereign, 276.

will not sign army petition, but in sympathy, 270
-, Peters seeks protection, 283
-, preoccupied with question of sects, 297
-, sagacity may avert crisis, 312.

Croulle
-, M. de, Crollet, French secretary in England, asked in what capacity staying, 124
-, reply, 125
-, told to recognise commonwealth or go, 135.

Crow, Mary, lady, 29.

husband carried off from, 27
-, rough treatment of, 28
-, expected at Smyrna, 33.

-, Sir Sackville, English ambassador at the Porte :

Vizier sees about hiring English ships, 7
-, Bailo to make representations to upon, 19.

detested by British merchants, 11
-, tries to discredit Bendish, 14, 16, 20.

pretends to have letters from Charles, 20-1
-, parliament considers royalist, 37.

appeals to Soranzo, 21
-, tussle with Bendish about audience, 21-2.

Soranzo's relations with, 22
-, forcibly carried off, 27-8
-, leaves enormous debts, 29
-, concession to Turks for dismissing, 42.

reaches Smyrna, shipped for England, 33.

Cugnac, marquis de. See Caumont, Pierre de.

Culmore, Colmor, co. Londonderry, Inchiquin takes, 112.

currants :

loss on duty through prohibition in England, 88
-, English trade in at Ionian Islands, 133
-, cargo from Cephalonia, 236.

Hyde farmed duties on, 134
-, fear that English may suspend trade in, 232.

Curt. See Coote.

customs, revenue devoted to fleet, 42.

Cut. See Coote.