BHO

Index: S

Pages 391-399

Calendar of State Papers Relating To English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 28, 1647-1652. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1927.

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Citation:

S

Sa e Menezes, Joao Rodriguez de, count of Peneguiao, Portuguese ambassador to England :

chosen, 244
-, expected, 254, 280
-, arrives, 284
-, provision for, 286
-, efforts of Cardenas against, 294
-, vexation at honours to, 295.

state entry, 295
-, first audience, 297
-, France pleased about, 299
-, treats with Council of State, 303, 306, 310
-, affected by Spanish victories, 312, 315
-, applies for levy, 312.

Sabran, Melchior, sieur de, French resident in England, office dispensed with, 25.

Safer Pasha, Crow appealed to, 28.

Sagredo, Giovanni, Venetian Ambassador in France, despatches to the Senate, 254, 261, 265, 268, 272, 274, 281, 285-6, 289, 293, 299, 308, 310, 317, 320.

Paulucci's letters to, 263, 265, 269, 273, 275, 278, 282, 285, 287, 290, 294, 296, 300, 302, 305-6, 309, 311, 314, 317, 321,324.

goods captured in Grimani, 321.

-, Niccolo, Venetian ambassador in Germany, despatches to the Senate, 89, 106, 114, 116, 118, 120, 132, 154, 163, 166.

avoids relations with Charles's envoy, 117-8.

communications with Basadonna, 173.

sailors :

French policy to conciliate, 52
-, numbers of English in Dutch service, will be recalled, if war, 245.

16,000 embarked on fleet, 253
-, fleet short of, 255
-, great efforts to raise, 270
-, all abroad recalled, 291
-, crews taken from merchantmen to man fleet, 325
-, reinforcement of, for van Galen, 304
-, pay of raised, 325.

St. Andrews, co. Fife, Scotland, meeting of notables at, 207.

St. Anna, French tartana, English frigate attacks, 236.

St. Christopher, island, W. Indies, gale near, 208.

St. Fagans, co. Glamorgan, Horton's victory at, 60.

St. Germain en Laye [Seine e, France], Charles at, 110, 269
-, Charles leaves, 119
-, Queen Henrietta at, 127
-, conference at, for peace, 223.

letters dated at, 136, 230, 235-6, 239.

St. John
-, Oliver, parliamentary envoy to the Dutch, 172
-, leaves without conclusion, 193.

given charge of great seal of Scotland, 211.

St. Malo [Ille et Vilaine, France], French ships captured off, 153.

St. Neots, co. Huntingdon, Holland captured at, 70n.

St. Ouen, Sintuin [Seine, France], despatches dated at, 265, 269, 273-4.

St. Thomas, M., envoy of the comte de Daugnon to England, arrival in London, 246.

Salamon, Israel, hires out Merchant Adventurer, 182.

Salee pirates, van Galen's exploits against, 285.

Salisbury, earl of. See Cecil, William.

Salloway. See Salway.

Salvetti, Salvietti, Amerigo, Tuscan resident in England, 66, 225.

offices to prevent Turks using English ships, 53, 55-6, 63, 75, 101, 167, 176.

thanked, 75
-, present to, 123, 125-6, 130.

presents memorial from Levant Co. about detaining ships, 95-6, 98
-, negotiations with Company, 109, 117, 122, 125, 126, 128, 130-1, 162, 165-6, 168, 170, 211
-, certain Co. will keep faith, 201, 204-5, 211.

asks return of money lent to Agostini, 122-3
-, Venice without news from, 197.

thinks English unlikely to give up going to Constantinople, 169.

intermediary about Pearl, 184-5
-, presents Grand Duke's letters to parliament, 186
-, ordered to recognise parliament, 193
-, remonstrates about delay in reply to, 309.

presents remonstrance about Hall, 217
-, Paulucci sees, 224-6, 234
-, his advice, 225, 230
-, translates for Paulucci, 228
-, his opinion, 240.

letters to, 55-6, 123, 131, 185.

-, alluded to, 136.

letters from, 63, 122, 125-6, 128, 130, 168, 170, 184, 205, 211.

-, referred to, 77.

Paulucci to sound about delay, 293.

Salway, Salloway, Richard, Maj. Gen., confers with Argyle at Dumbarton, 224.

chosen ambassador to the Porte, 284n
-, likely to sail with Mediterranean squadron, 292
-, Levant Co. meets to discuss sending, 300
-, held up by defeat off Dungeness, 326.

Samson, English merchantman, Venetian fleet detains, 96.

-, of Lubeck, capture of, 307
-, Cardenas demands release, 309.

Samuel Bonadventure, English merchantman, captured by Cornells Tromp, 313.

San Bernardino, Appleton demands English on board, 232.

San Filippo, distinguished itself at Fochies, 114.

San Lis. See Senlis.

San Lucar, Spain, ship from captured, 96.

San Marco, foreign captains meet on board, 124.

San Salvador
-, of Hamburg, capture of, 307
-, Cardenas demands release, 309
-, excitement of Spaniards over, 312.

San Sebastiano [Vizcaya, Spain], Preston taking troops to, 48
-, Irish levies landed at, 308.

ship from, plundered, 105
-, Cottington and Hyde reach, 125
-, English fleet to join Spanish at, 172.

San Stefano, near Constantinople, 27.

Sandown, Sandune, co. Kent, castle taken, 75.

Santhill, —, English consul at Leghorn, Digby's correspondence with, 8, 11.

Sarotti, Giovanni Ambrosio, Venetian Resident at Florence, despatches to the Senate, 257, 259, 263, 267, 272, 275, 277, 280, 285, 289, 292, 295, 298, 300, 304, 313, 316, 319, 324, 327.

Savoy, mission of Killigrew to, 137.

-, duchess dowager of. See Christina of Bourbon.

Saxony, elector of. See John George.

Scanderoon. See Iskanderun.

Scarborough, co. York, declares for king, 72.

-, castle, surrender of, 83.

-, -, governor of. See Boynton.

Scarbrot. See Carisbrooke.

Scheveningen,? Shifling, Holland, 150.

Sciartres. See Chartres.

Scilly, Sulli, islands :

proposal to tranfer king to, 43
-, Rupert's prize taken to, 96.

Scios
-, island, ships at, 14
-, Turkish fleet leaves for Crete, 114.

Venetian fleet sailing to, 101.

news from, 99.

Scobell, Henry, secretary to parliament, 217.

Scot, George, captain of James the Scot, petition for loss of ship, 107-8.

Scotland and Scots :

news from, 262, 274.

new war expected with English, 13
-, complain of proceedings of parliament, 15
-, complain of infractions of covenant, 18
-, demand for payment of debts, 40.

attitude to king's detention, 30, 33, 41
-, urge king not to sign articles, 37-9.

and peace terms, 34, 36
-, manifesto against parliament, 37
-, parliament reply to, 44, 50.

move in for king, 40, 53, 56
-, expected approach to Prince of Wales, 41
-, prince hopes for support, 50.

parliament collecting money to satisfy, 44
-, offer of payment to, 50.

king accused of treachery to, 47
-, English regiments go over to, 53.

unfriendly reception of English commissioners, 51
-, party for, in London, 72.

parliament asks to send back malcontents, 52, 55
-, troops go to under cover of levies, 54
-, Ormonde going with prince to, 64.

inclination to war, 57
-, measures against invasion by, 58
-, manifesto to justify hostilities, 63.

invitation to Prince of Wales, 60
-, prince to go to, 61
-, prince embarking for, 65-6, 73.

preachers use influence to prevent war, 64
-, desire accommodation with parliament, 79.

nobles in London, 76
-, parliament's reply to about king, 91.

Cromwell invades, 78
-, divisions in, 93
-, civil war in, 104.

adopts Charles as king, 89
-, attitude not quite clear, 91
-, insist on his taking covenant, 91, 93, 95
-, treaty with Charles, 136.

desire to take king to, 93
-, victory of Lesley in, 106.

royalists in disheartened and divided, 102, 124
-, reported royalist victory in, 105.

of Ulster, take Londonderry, 106
-, invade Ireland, 115
-, forces with Ormonde, 116.

city banquet to Charles I on return from, 108
-, English rebels sold themselves to, 137.

capture ships for Ireland, 118
-, good prospects of Charles in, 144
-, Charles ready to trust himself to, 150.

sold Charles I, 150
-, Charles arrives safely in, enthusiastic reception, 151
-, reported victory over Cromwell, 156.

reported holding Charles prisoner, 159
-, and to hand over to Cromwell, 160.

reported decision to crown Charles, 160
-, Charles fears betrayal by, 164.

when free of England may declare war on France, 166
-, mean to persevere with war, 168.

prisoners offered for Crete, 167
-, Hyde going to join king in, 171.

Killigrew reports king's success in, 172, 174, 188
-, king's success in reported in Paris, 182
-, ruse to draw enemy into, 198.

dissensions in injure king's chances, 187
-, king's forces in superior to enemy, 196
-, divisions in persist, 207, 212.

Charles escapes to, 200, 202
-, rejoicings at victory over, 205.

operations of war in, 205, 210
-, measures to reduce, 208
-, submissions in, 212-4, 222, 224, 236.

ministers of declaim against English parliament, 208
-, English parliament commissioners to, 208-9, 215, 218-20, 222, 224, 239.

parliament intent on settlement of, 209
-, commissioners chosen for government of, 211.

tax upon for army, 212
-, settlement of proceeding, 213-4, 219.

officers to join regiments in, 215
-, proceedings of commanders cause trouble in, 216.

all authority but parliament's abolished in, 215, 219
-, objections to taking oath, 216.

opposition to union with England, 218-9, 221
-, division over union, 219.

relief from taxes granted in, 219
-, church records captured at Bass Is., 224.

efforts to compose affairs, 220
-, act for incorporation passed, 222
-, put in effect, 239.

royalist feeling in, 220-1, 223
-, nobles petition for release of prisoners of war, 222.

ministers of hostile to commonwealth, 220-3
-, obedience of perfect, 225, 238
-, and spontaneous, people enjoy quiet, 231.

raids of Highlanders in, 236
-, troops from, for Ireland, 238, 241, 264
-, Fleetwood crosses to Ireland via, 284.

Dutch may be allowed concessions in, 240
-, order to seize Dutch in, 253.

fleet sails to stop Dutch fishing off, 255
-, Blake puts in to, for repairs and to land wounded, 263
-, fleet taking refuge in, 273
-, garrisons doubled in ports, against Dutch, 276.

hostile fleets off, 282
-, Dutch ships driven towards and captured, 309
-, Blake scatters ships to, 325.

commissioners from, to parliament 297, 301
-, conference about union, 306.

coal reaches London from, 310, 322.

-, army of. See army, Scottish.

-, chancellor of. See Campbell, John earl of Loudoun
-, St. John, Oliver.

-, commissioners to Charles. See commissioners, Scottish.

-, king of. See Charles II.

-, levies. See under levies.

parliament of :

summoned to meet, 13
-, decides to disband army, 23
-, defers disbanding, 26
-, commissioners report to, from London, 40, 44.

question of king's treatment referred to, 45
-, meets, 45, 47.

peace of war with England depends upon, 45
-, all attention fixed on, 48
-, Prince waiting for decision, 50
-, royalist hopes from, 52.

appoints deputies to treat with English, 51
-, divisions in, 55-6.

asked not to receive deserting troops, 53, 56.

demands formulated, 57
-, and presented, 59
-, demands that king's trial shall not be pushed through without consulting, 87.

makes Lesley governor of Edinburgh castle, declares Ogilvie and others traitors, 104.

Winram takes proposals to king, 127
-, 30 members vote against receiving Charles, 151
-, summoned by Charles, 160
-, Argyle wishes to summon, 207.

- See also Highlands
-, Highlanders.

Scurlock
-, Scurloch, Scutlok, Sir Thomas, Irish colonel, reported killed, 206-7
-, defeat near Ross, 210.

seal, great, in peace terms, 34.

-, of Scotland, entrusted to St. John, 211.

secretaries. See under ambassadors.

secretary of state. See Digby, George.

Senlis, San Lis [Oise, France], despatches dated at, 286, 290, 293.

Serse. See Jersey.

Seville [Prov. Andalusia, Spain], Basadonna's agent at, 175.

Shetland, Zetland, islands, submit to parliament, 222.

Shifling in Holland,? Scheveningen, Charles sails from, 150.

ships :

representations to prevent use by Turks, 54, 174.

to transport levies to Venice, 66, 71, 80
-, sent from Leith to Montrose, 214.

seized by English at mouth of Tagus, 152
-, Rupert preys on all, 160
-, money sent to Barbary to build, 163.

constantly reaching London with claret, pretended prizes, 240
-, superiority of English to Dutch, 256
-, government chartering from merchants, for fleet, 259.

revolted, fleet of the prince of Wales, 64.

arrive at Brill, 66
-, prince doubtful about trusting, but sails with, 69.

Warwick goes against, 76
-, parliament asks Dutch to give up, 78.

in Dutch ports, 77-80
-, princes and nobles flock to serve in, 78.

languishing for lack of everything, 79
-, reported reinforcement of Irish frigates for, 80
-, breaking up, 81
-, surrendering to Warwick, 82-3.

Rupert goes to command, 81
-, proposed to take to Jersey, 82.

withdrawn to Helvoetsluys, 81
-, remains stationary, 82.

Danish :

bring men and munitions for Charles in Scotland, 174
-, to fetch ambassadors, 302, 307
-, detained in Thames, 303.

Dutch :

See Flemish
-, Netherlands fleet of.

English :

Turks wish to make use of, 6-8, 11, 13, 14, 106, 113
-, question of, 19, 38, 67
-, remonstrance against, 40, 53, 56, 101.

employed by Turks, 14
-, behaviour in fight with Venetians, 16.

Turks make fresh demand for, 31, 33, 49, 60
-, demand resisted, 61.

trading to Constantinople, 33, 38
-, Bendish obtains permission for sailing, 70, 92.

proposal for hiring out, 38
-, will not be hired to Turks, 63, 176.

French concessions to, 52
-, arrangement with Venice for passing Dardanelles, 66, 73-4, 117, 122-3, 125-6
-, suspension advised, 77
-, passports asked, 92.

prince of Wales captures off Thames, 70, 72-3.

Turks detaining, 74, 79
-, suspicion of use by Turks, 77, 79
-, alleged promise to Turks, 85.

desirable for Venice to treat tactfully, 74
-, present at Smyrna, 92, 96.

payment of, serving in fleet, 80
-, captured by Scots, 118.

Bendish promises to Turks, 94, 96, 106, 111, 122, 153, 155, 159, 162, 163, 165
-, agreement to serve Turks, 98-100
-, demand for hire, 99.

negotiations with Venice for passing Dardanelles, 95-6, 98.

complaint of detention by Venetians, 95-6, 98.

at Alexandria, 99
-, decision not to carry Turkish troops, 101.

stand out of fight between Venetian and Turkish fleets, 110, 113
-, suffered most damage in fight, 111.

granted out of necessity, to Turks, 112
-, Captain Pasha lets go, 114, 116.

Turks demand repayment of hire for, 112, 122, 125
-, only used as transports by Turks, 117
-, Charles furious with for serving Turks, 119.

trading at Smyrna, 122
-, strong convoy for, 143.

Bendish turns back from Constantinople, 126
-, proposal to give up going to, 169, 170, 176.

going to Barbary, 142
-, wrecked in West Indies, 208.

at Port S. Mary with Ascham, 143
-, cast anchor in Portugal, 146.

attacks on shipping off Zante, 150
-, arming against French, 190.

representations against granting to Turks, 168, 173, 175-6, 178-80, 211.

Turks pressing for, 168
-, pope asks about, 203
-, few in Turkish parts, 211.

proposed decree to prevent serving foreign powers, 170.

Pauluzzi sent to hire, 213, 223, 225-7, 229, 233-4, 242, 268, 290.

royalist taken at Barbadoes, 216
-, at Zante, 232
-, submission to Venetian Cap. Gen. at Sea, 254
-, capture of Lorica near Matapan, 267.

caught at Leghorn by Dutch, 257, 272, 289
-, unlade goods there, 257, 259, 275.

warned to avoid Dutch or resist attack, 260
-, squadron to protect from Dutch in Mediterranean, 266.

merchantmen in Thames pressed for fleet, 261.

Dutch prepare to chase in Mediterranean, 266-7
-, Dutch captures there, 269, 272.

arrive from Indies, 271
-, rich cargoes, id.
-, Thames crowded with, 280.

one escapes Dutch, off Leghorn, taking munitions to Tripoli, 275
-, at Leghorn, one captured, 277.

one refused pratique in Venetian port, 274, 295
-, from Baltic with hemp and rope, 294
-, convoy sent for, 301.

captured by Dutch, 279, 291, 313
-, representations against withdrawing from Venetian fleet, 281, 287-8, 291, 293, 298, 300, 303, 308, 315, 324.

plan to insure for service in fleet, 283
-, pressed to serve in fleet, 326.

at Naples from Smyrna, 285
-, in Mediterranean, 298
-, in Leghorn, blockaded, 316
-, Grandier to have control of all in Mediterranean, 327.

act forbidding to take foreign service, 287
-, to be fetched from Venice, 320, 324, 326, 328.

ten detained at Elsinore, 303, 305, 307, 309, 315
-, 22 seized, 311.

English, in Venetian service, 159.

gallantry in fight at Fochies, 101, 114
-, one behaved badly, 114
-, captains object to go to Dardanelles, 124
-, talk of withdrawing, 232, 236
-, numbers in fleet, 256
-, likely to be recalled, 304-5.

hired to carry oil, 194
-, pay promised for, 201
-, recalled for war, 271
-, complaints of lack of payment, 291.

Flemish :

Turks wish to make use of, 6-8, 53
-, question of, 11, 19, 99
-, fresh demand for, 31, 33, 49, 60.

employed by Turks, 14, 98
-, remonstrances against, 40.

prince thinks of going to Scotland by, 73
-, Charles fails to get, 102.

desirable for Venice to treat tactfully, 74
-, numbers in Venetian fleet, 256.

at Smyrna, 93, 96
-, at Alexandria, 99
-, captured with munitions for Irish, 107-8.

stand out of fight between Venetian and Turkish fleets, 110
-, dismissed from Turkish fleet, 116.

captains object to go to Dardanelles, 124
-, talk of recall from Venetian fleet, 271.

stopped off Lisbon, 152
-, captured by Phœnix, 230.

wrecked in West Indies, 208
-, taken at Barbadoes, 216.

at Zante, 232
-, submission to Venetian Cap. Gen. at Sea, 254.

two captured exporting butter and cheese, 234
-, embargo laid on, in Thames, 246.

large captures of by fleet, 253
-, numerous prizes, 260, 263, 279, 287, 291, 301, 307, 309, 314.

Grand Duke to protect from English, 272
-, trading at Leghorn, 277.

Venice deprecates withdrawal from fleet, 277, 298, 303, 308.

order for sale of prizes, 294
-, English plan to make prizes, 305
-, to Bordeaux for wine, 310.

in Mediterranean, at disposal of van Galen, 298-300, 304.

for Italy, English lie in wait for, 305
-, English waiting for outward bound, 313.

French : 14.

question of Turks using, 19, 38, 53, 99
-, needed for Irish levies, 30
-, Turks make fresh demand for, 31, 33, 49
-, alleged promise to Turks, 85
-, Turks compel to serve, 89.

at Smyrna, 92
-, Hyde on, 155
-, English attack at Leghorn, 179.

at Alexandria, 99
-, stand out of fight between Venetian and Turkish fleets, 110
-, numbers in Venetian fleet, 256.

in Venetian fleet behave badly, 114
-, captured by English, 146, 152-3, 179, 195, 208
-, Appleton claims right to take, 232
-, attacks on in Venetian waters, 236, 267
-, Bordeaux's mission for release of, 317, 323.

Hamburg, embargo laid on, in Thames, 246
-, Blake captures one, 309
-, eight seized by English, 313.

Portuguese, captured by Penn, 208.

Swedish :

bring men and munitions for Charles in Scotland, 174.

- See also frigates, merchantmen
-, navy.

-, names of. See Alloro
-, Angel or Angelo
-, Anthony Bonadventure
-, Apollo
-, Arabella
-, Bonaventure (2)
-, Captain Thomas
-, Carita Magna
-, Constant Warwick
-, Dragoneere
-, Elizabeth (two)
-, Elizabeth Maria
-, Experience
-, Freeman
-, Garland
-, Giovanni
-, Great Alexander, of Toulon
-, Grimani
-, Guinea, frigate
-, Hopeful Luke
-, James the Scot
-, Jupiter
-, Laurel
-, Lealta
-, Leopard
-, London
-, Lorica
-, Margaret
-, Mary Rose
-, Merchant of Smyrna
-, Merchant Adventurer
-, Nonsuch
-, Northumberland
-, Orso Negro
-, Paragon
-, Persia
-, Phœnix (3)
-, Realta
-, Relief
-, Richard and William
-, Robert
-, St. Anna
-, Samson (2)
-, Samuel Bonadventure
-, San Bernardino
-, San Filippo
-, San Marco
-, San Salvador of Hamburg
-, Soldorato
-, Sovereign of the Seas
-, Thomas
-, Thomas Bonadventure
-, Thomas and William
-, William and Thomas.

Shropshire, accessions to king's forces in, 200.

silk
-, English cargoes of at Leghorn, 259, 275
-, English trade in, to Levant, 272
-, Dutch cargoes of captured, 279.

Simons. See Symonds.

Sintuin. See St. Ouen.

Slavata, Count of, and emperor's remarriage, 132.

Sligo, co. Sligo, Ireland, surrenders to Coote, 262.

Small pox :

prince of Wales suffering from, 79
-, and duke of York, 80-1
-, prince of Orange dies of, 159.

Smith, George, jun., owner of Pearl, claim against Venice, 185.

Smyrna, 16, 74.

news from, 13, 94, 96, 111, 113.

foreign ships at, 4, 13-4, 38, 67, 92, 96, 98-101.

-, Turks wish to use, 6, 7
-, return to, 20.

English ships trading at, 11, 33, 106, 111-3, 122, 232, 285.

Bendish at, 14, 37n
-, leaves wife and children at, 21
-, Crow shipped to, 28, 33.

English ship takes chaius to, 77
-, mission of Bairan to, 96, 98-9.

English ships forced to land goods at, 96
-, the reason, 98-9.

Venetian fleet at, 101
-, merchant sent in irons to, 122
-, Hyde at, 155, 159
-, royalist merchants shipped to, 163
-, and sent from to England, 166.

Turks for Barbary go by land to, 142
-, suggested English confine trade to, 169.

Turks may try and use ships at, 176
-, English squadron sailing to, 236
-, Dutch ships from captured, 279.

Snaim, channel of, report dated from, 101.

Soames, Sir Thomas, expelled from parliament, 108.

Soccorso. See Relief.

Soldorato, agreement to serve Venice, 172.

Somerset, Henry, marquis of Worcester :

excluded from pardon, 17
-, goods sequestered for Irish affairs, 42.

submits to parliament, 266
-, sent to the Tower, 271.

Soranzo, Giovanni, Venetian Bailo at Constantinople, despatches to the Senate, 3, 6, 7, 13, 16, 20, 27, 31, 33, 38, 45, 49, 60, 67, 77, 79, 84, 92, 94, 96, 109, 111-2, 122, 126, 142, 146, 257.

relations with English ambassador, 19, 21, 22, 27, 29, 40
-, Lady Crow appeals to, 28
-, representations against hiring ships to Turks, 38, 40, 49.

reports Turkish efforts to get foreign ships, 53
-, fears foreign engagements with Turks, 95.

Bendish approaches about letting ships pass, 67, 92
-, gets him to accept arrangement, 68.

imprisoned, 98n, 112
-, Bendish speaks for, 100, 102, 111.

instructed about treatment of English ships, 98.

tries to resume confidential relations with Bendish, 112
-, instructed to do so, 117
-, on friendly terms with him, 126.

Hyde to make representations to Porte for, 119.

Sot. See South.

Sound, the :

Dutch have strong forces at, 301
-, arrangement between Denmark and Dutch over, 303
-, Denmark preparing to stop passage of, 309
-, Denmark fears both Dutch and English because of, 321.

South, Sot, John, English merchant at Constantinople, protests against hiring ships to Turks, 98.

Southesk, earl of. See Carnegie, David.

Sovereign of the Seas
-, great galleon of England, Great Sovereign, fitting out, 255
-, sent to Ayscue, 261.

renamed Commonwealth, 261
-, now ready, to protect entrance to Thames, 266
-, lacks complement, 270.

parliament goes to inspect, 270.

Spain and Spaniards :

news from, 18.

Preston's son going to serve, 26, 48
-, keep consul at Venice, 59
-, secret enemies of Venice, 109.

pope cannot expect help from, 30
-, mission of Ulefelt to for Charles, 88.

possible alliance with Dutch, 42
-, English levy refused to, 52
-, competed with France for English levies, 54.

urged to take advantage of French troubles, 89
-, causes of pope's dispute with, 104.

proposed separate agreement with Palatine, 110
-, England useful to against Portugal, 145, 157.

Mazarin prepared to come to, for peace, 129
-, realising effect of Charles's execution, 138
-, defence for recognising English rebels, 145
-, Ascham used as illustration against kingly rule, 147.

Riva instigated parliament mission to, 147
-, parliament desires good understanding with and sending fresh embassy, 154.

Venetian remonstrance against privateering under flag of, 151.

advances to parliament, 162
-, relations with England, 164, 182, 192
-, Mazarin bent on thwarting alliance with England, 169.

relations with England will hinder hostilities against Turks, 163.

will treat Rupert as enemy, 164
-, Rupert will be avenged on, 185.

Blake foretells revolution in, 170
-, might resent independent Venetian advances to England, 187.

recognition of commonwealth, 175, 183, 186
-, disappointed at results, 195-6.

English embassy to held back, 175, 183, 186
-, talk of ambassador to, 274.

encourages Lorraine's enterprise in Ireland, 190, 192
-, Condé sends Lenet to, 202.

pope fears league with Dutch and English, 203-4, 207
-, friendly relations with England, 286.

O'Neill dies in, 208n
-, ship trading to captured, 230
-, levy of Irish granted to, 267.

preparing in Flanders to take advantage of French discords, 244
-, French fear union with Commonwealth against Calais, 289.

foments Anglo Dutch war, 268
-, war destroys hopes of utilising Commonwealth, 282.

admits debt to parliament for capture of Dunkirk, 287.

van Galen quotes precedent of, 289
-, Dutch emigrate to dominions of, 304.

French urge Dutch to break with, 290
-, French rejoice at signs of lack of influence in England, 299.

parliament ready to mediate between Portugal and, 292
-, victories of affect Peneguiao's negotiations adversely, 312, 315.

circumstances require England to court, 298, 303, 318
-, danger of rupture with over S. Salvador, 310, 323, 326.

Peneguiao issues pamphlet abusing, 303
-, obtains levy of Irish, 308
-, Bordeaux to try to prevent England helping, 320.

intrigues on Portuguese frontier, 311
-, affray with Portuguese in London, 318.

embassy to contemplated, 315
-, French fear English joining hands with, to attack, 317.

Venetian instructions to representatives in, 151, 169, 178, 180, 197.

-, Council of State, wants English fleet to help Bordeaux, 154.

-, fleet of, effort to have strong, 162
-, in Downs in 1639, 289n
-, talk of parliament fleet uniting with, 164, 166
-, English fleet sails to join, 172.

-, Infanta of. See Margareta Teresa.

- king of. See Philip II
-, Philip IV.

-, queen of. See Isabella
-, Maria Anna.

Spark, William, murderer of Ascham, 147.

Speaker. See Lenthall, William.

- of the House of Lords. See Montagu, Edward, earl of Manchester.

Spieringh, Spering, Spiring, Peter, Swedish ambassador in England, 234.

arrival, 210
-, orders for reception, 211
-, presents credentials, want to return to Hague, 212
-, death, 215.

Ssalih Pasha
-, Grand Vizier of Turkey, demands use of foreign ships, 6, 7
-, perturbed by action of Bendish, 49
-, arrangement with Bendish about ships going, 67.

Stafford, co. Stafford, governor of. See Stone, Henry.

Stafford, Capt. James, governor of Wexford, betrays castle to Cromwell, 127n.

Standia. See Dia.

Stanier, Staneir, Jacomo, city merchant, committed to Tower, 323.

Stanton, Samuel, master of the Elizabeth, agreement to serve Venice, 97.

States. See Netherlands.

Stirling, Sterling, co. Sterling, Scotland :

reported victory of Charles near, 160, 188
-, Lambert and Deane, at, 213.

consistory at, 216.

Stockholm, Sweden :

Lisle and Durie start for, 222
-, Canterstrene back at, 264.

Stoke, Stok [co. Buckingham] : king at, 12.

Stone, Henry, governor of Stafford, to put down disturbance at Stourbridge, 124n.

Stourbridge, Sturbridge, co. Worcester, disturbance caused by Den at, 123.

Strait, the. See Gibraltar.

Strick, Thomas, mayor of Limerick, executed, 208.

Strickland, Walter, parliament agent at the Hague :

reported expulsion, 91
-, special embassy to Hague, 172
-, leaves without conclusion, 193.

Stuart, house of, house of England :

ties of France with, 126
-, France may seek revenge upon, 132
-, ray of hope for, 160.

Stuart, Sir James, provost of Edinburgh, opposition to parliament commissioners, 218.

Sturbridge. See Stourbridge.

Suda Bay, Crete :

Captain Pasha Woinok killed at, 113n.

Sulli. See Scilly.

Sunday observance in England, 245.

Suriano, Venetian secretary, negotiations for levy in England, 36, 227.

Surrey, county :

men of enter London, demands, 62
-, greatly incensed, 63
-, royalist party in dissolves, 70.

Sutherland, Scotland, troops from for Monroe, 205.

Sweden :

suspicious of alliance between Denmark and Dutch, 110
-, assistance from to Charles, 120
-, parliament recognised by, 193.

arbitration for peace with Poland, 142
-, begins to fear empire, 264.

embassy expected from, 264, 273
-, doubtful attitude, 265.

dispute with Brandenburg, 265
-, army moving, speculation about, 283
-, apprehension about policy of, 307.

-, king of. See John Casimir.

-, queen of. See Christina.

-, ships of. See ships, Swedish.

Switzerland and Swiss, Evangelical Cantons :

letter recognising the commonwealth, 250
-, anxious for friendship, 251.

offices for mediation, 250.

Symonds, Simons, Thomas, English consul in Ionian islands, 133.

synod. See Assembly of Divines.