Venice: January 1524

Pages 351-354

Calendar of State Papers Relating To English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 3, 1520-1526. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1869.

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January 1524

1524. Jan. 2. Sanuto Diaries, v. xxxv. p. 253. 790. Vincenzo Guidoto, Venetian Secretary in Hungary, to the State.
Martin Luther is gone to the Diet at Nuremberg without further safeconduct, together with the Duke of Saxony. Having very many followers, he is therefore not afraid; and it seems that many preachers preach what he has written.
The Legate [Cardinal of St. Sixtus] has been unable to obtain the restoration of that bishop in Silesia who was deposed and a Lutheran appointed in his stead, as the King and Queen [of Bohemia] favour the Lutherans.
Possonia, 2nd, 7th, and 11th [January]. Registered by Sanuto, 23rd January.
Jan. 2. Sanuto Diaries, v. xxxv. p. 255. 791. Vincenzo Guidoto, Venetian Secretary in Hungary, to the State.
Concerning the innovation that took place lately in Silesia. The Silesians removed the Christian bishop, and put in his stead a Lutheran. Nothing has been done as yet in this matter, nor do they talk of any further provision, unless it be to try and make some amicable adjustment to the satisfaction of the Silesians, who all side with the Lutherans (quali tutti dicono con Luteriani): and therefore, should further steps be taken, it is feared some tumult may take place to the detriment of this King of Hungary, although it is said here very publicly, even by the preachers in the pulpits, that in the Courts of the King and Queen there are as many Lutherans as there are in Germany, which is as full of them as possible. It is, moreover, said that they are favoured and encouraged (nutriti) by their Hungarian Majesties.
Advices have been received here purporting that Martin Luther and the Duke of Saxony have gone to the Diet of Nuremberg without a safeconduct, to refute the charges brought against them, though it is supposed that the Duke brought Luther in order to secure his own duchy, of which, it was whispered, that the Archduke intended to deprive him on account of the favour shown by him to said Luther.
Buda, 2nd January. Registered by Sanuto on the 2th.
Jan. 5. Original Letter Book, Letter no. 249, St. Mark's Library. 792. Gasparo Contarini to the Signory.
The Emperor departed hence on the 2nd, and went to Vittoria.
On the 30th ultimo the secretary of the Archbishop of Bari returned to France. Concerning this, made inquiries of the Chancellor, who said that the Emperor always had been ready for peace, and would continue so, but that he was allied with the King of England, without whom he could speak of neither peace nor truce; and then again, that having been the very great friend of the Pope when merely cardinal, still more, now that he had assumed the papal tiara, it would be impossible for him, the Emperor, to do or say anything without his knowledge.
Pamplona, 5th January 1524.
[Italian, 1½ page.]
Jan. 7. Sanuto Diaries, v. xxxv. p. 247. 793. Giovanni Badoer to the Signory.
It is reported here that the Imperial army has taken Salvatierra, Monleon, and Agramonte, that the King of England has made a three years' truce with the Scots, and that the Duke of Albany is to cross over to France with a Scottish force in aid of the King of France.
Lyons, 2nd and 7th January. Registered by Sanuto on the 21st.
Jan. 8. Sanuto Diaries, v. xxxv. p. 231. 794. Marco Foscari to the State.
The Pope chooses by all means to expel the French from Italy, and says that the King cannot sustain such great expense. His Holiness is sending Cardinal Campeggio to the Imperial Diet at Nuremberg, concerning the affairs of Martin Luther.
Rome, 6–8 January. Registered by Sanuto on the 14th.
Jan. 9. Sanuto Diaries, v. xxxv. p. 231. 795. Hieronimo Lippomano to —.
A congregation has been held today. The vice-chancery was given to Cardinal Colonna, the legation of Bologna to Cardinal Cibo. Cardinal Campeggio was appointed legate in Germany for the Lutheran affairs; he stipulated three conditions, viz., 2,000 ducats before his departure, and that, should he die on this legation, the Pope is to give the bishopric of Bologna to his son, and to get a husband for one of his daughters, both these children being illegitimate. (fn. 1)
Rome, 9th January. Registered by Sanuto on the 14th.
Jan. 9. Sanuto Diaries, v. xxxv. p. 231. 796. Maria Da Pozo to Francesco Spinelli.
Yesterday in Consistory Cardinal Campeggio was appointed legate in Germany to go to the Diet at Nuremberg and provide for the affairs of Martin Luther, who is making great progress, according to the statement of the Duke of Sessa's brother, lately returned from those parts. Unless steps be taken the danger is very great, and with difficulty can provision be made, by reason of the great favour he (Luther) enjoys there. It is said the Pope will make him cardinal to quiet him, provided he choose to accept the grade. These Lutheran affairs harass the Pope. Believes this will be the deluge of the Church, but trusts God will not permit such ruin of it and of the great prelates. Those in authority at Rome do not fail to take every precaution.
Rome, 9th January. Registered by Sanuto on the 14th.
Jan. 19. Original Letter Book, Letter no. 250, St. Mark's Library. 797. Gasparo Contarini to the Signory.
Arrived at Vittoria from Pamplona on the 11th.
Scarcity of provisions in the Emperor's camp under Fonterabia, but some grain vessels had arrived at St. Sebastian's from Seville, and seven ships from England, freighted in like manner.
A few days ago letters arrived at Vittoria from England, dated the 9th of December, and, from what the English ambassadors [Sampson and Jerningham] tell him, they purport that the Scots having mustered a very powerful army, and apparently intending to advance, the English, also in great force, moved forward to give battle, whereupon the Scots halted and the English did the like.
The Emperor has at length determined to grant Malta and Tripoli to the Order of Rhodes, renouncing the conditions exacted by him at first, to the effect that the French were not to exercise the jurisdiction enjoyed by them heretofore at Rhodes; a thing which would have put the whole Order in confusion. The reply of the Grand Master and the knights is expected. What the Emperor requires of the Order is, that they should swear fealty to him, and add two votes to the Council, one for Naples and the other for Spain.
Vittoria, 19th January 1524.
[Italian, 2½ pages.]
Jan. 31. Sanuto Diaries, v. xxxv. p. 305. 798. Vincenzo Guidoto, Venetian Secretary in Hungary, to the State.
That bishop in Silesia having been expelled, and another of the Lutheran sect appointed in his stead, the King and his council, to quiet the people there, who are for the most part Lutherans, have sent thither two ambassadors, namely, the Marquis of Brandenburg and D. Filippo More, bishop of five churches; the reason being that the King wants assistance from Silesia against the Turks.
Has been told by the Rev.— that the Diet of Nuremberg would be very important both by reason of the princes assembled there and the matters for discussion, namely, 1st, the reform of the clergy, including the affairs of Martin Luther; 2nd, the provision to be made against the Infidels; 3rd, decision about the large firms, such as the Fuggers and others, which should be abolished, as they are said to be tyrannical, and in a manner so constituted that they alone monopolise all business and profit.
Possonia, 31st January. Registered by Sanuto, 20th February.
[Extract. Italian.]


  • 1. “Et che morendo lui in ditta legation, el Papa dagi lo Episcopato di Bologna a suo fiol, et maritar una sua fiola, tutti do naturali.“