Venice: December 1520

Pages 97-99

Calendar of State Papers Relating To English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 3, 1520-1526. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1869.

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December 1520

Dec. 3. Sanuto Diaries, v. xxix. p. 457. 143. The Same to the Same.
Several couriers had been killed, and the weather was very stormy in the British Channel.
Mons. de la Rogia [Roche] and the Bishop of Helna, the Emperor's ambassadors, delayed their departure on account of the Bishop's illness, but are now gone. The King instructed them to tell the Emperor to maintain the peace with France.
News had been received concerning the marriage of the sister of the King of Hungary, whom he meant to give to the Emperor. She is now to marry the Emperor's brother, the Infant, and next Lent the Kings of Hungary and Poland, and perhaps the Emperor likewise, will hold a conference and conclude this marriage.
Master Carew, the favorite of the King of England, whose mission to France had been suspended, is now gone thither.
The truce between England and Scotland having expired, the ambassadors from Scotland had not yet come to renew it, which seemed strange to the English. The Duke of Norfolk said to the French ambassador it would be a slur on the King of France were the truce not confirmed, and that the Scots were proud and treacherous (infidelli).
Had been told by the French ambassador that King Francis would go to Milan and Venice within two months. When Cardinal Wolsey asked the ambassador about this, he answered that the King would go first to Milan, and then perhaps to Venice. Does not know whether by land or by water [down the Po].
London, 3rd December. Registered by Sanuto, 29th December.
Dec. 8. Sanuto Diaries, v. xxix. p. 440. 144. Giovanni Badoer, Venetian Ambassador in France, to the Signory.
King Francis told him the Pope was raising Switzers, he did not know why, unless it were to prevent his going into Italy; but he would go in good array. That he would levy 15,000 infantry in Dauphigné, having already 10,000; and the captains of Lansquenets would muster 18,000; so that he and the Signory would doubtless be sufficient to oppose the Emperor, should he choose to march an army into Italy. And that there would also be the subsidy of of troops promised him by the King of England, who in case of need would even come in person.
Blois, 8th December. Registered by Sanuto, 21st December.
Dec. 9. Sanuto Diaries, v. xxix. p. 531. 145. Antonio Surian, Venetian Ambassador in England, to the Signory.
His secretary had been told by the French ambassador that the Emperor purposed sending ambassadors to France to negotiate an agreement, and that King Henry had written [to King Francis?] not to abandon the Signory. Master Carew, the ambassador to King Francis, was to depart on the morrow; he will have to discuss the affairs of Scotland. The French ambassador told him King Henry would be convinced that Mons. d'Aubigny was not gone to Scotland to make mischief.
London, 9th December. Registered by Sanuto, 26th January.
Dec. 16. Sanuto Diaries, v. xxix. p. 473. 146. Giovanni Badoer, Venetian Ambassador in France, to the Signory.
Was told by the Admiral [Bonnivet] and by Robertet that King Francis was on very loving terms with the King of England, and that they were expecting Master Carew, one of the greatest intimates of King Henry, with presents for King Francis, in like manner as Mons. Remorantino [sic; Montmorency?], one of the chief intimates of the most Christian King, went to England.
Blois, 16th December. Registered by Sanuto, 4th January.
Dec. 20. Sanuto Diaries, v. xxix. p. 523. 147. Martin Luther.
Private letter from Andrea Rosso, Secretary of Francesco Cornaro, Venetian Ambassador with the Emperor.
Wherever the Imperial Court had been, Martin Luther was burnt in effigy, with all his works. They will do the like by himself, if he be taken, unless he confess his errors. Letters had lately arrived at Worms, containing many enormities to the reproach of the tenets of the Church. Were Luther merely to inveigh against the morals of the Court of Rome, the authorities would shut their eyes. Luther having heard that in several places his works had been burnt, to prove his power in the territory of the Duke of Saxony, has caused books concerning canon law to be burnt also. (fn. 1)
Luther's followers in Germany and elsewhere amount to some 20,000. Even should the Duke of Saxony wish to banish or to punish him, the people would not permit it.
He has an understanding with Erasmus of Rotterdam, and other learned men of these parts. The affair is assuredly a great plague, and the mischief is irremediable.
The Papal Nuncio here, and Domino Aleandro dalla Motta, who was sent hither as commissary by the Pope for this business, do what they can. Aleandro has been warned to take precautions for his personal safety, as he has been threatened from several quarters.
It remains to be seen what provision the future Diet will make.
Worms, 20th December 1520. Registered by Sanuto, 25th January.
Dec. 21. Deliberazioni Senato Secreta, v. xlviii. p. 160. 148. Embassy to England.
Motion made in the Senate,—
That Andrea Badoer, late ambassador in England, be declared debtor for 375 ducats and 8 grossi, on account of the chain received from the King, the procurators of St. Mark's, superintendents of the “Monte Novo,” having made affidavit that the chain given to Sebastian Giustinian lately returned from England, which he presented to the Signory, was sold for 375 ducats and 8 grossi: the sum to be deducted from his credit.
Ayes 122; 119 Undecided, a majority of four-fifths being requisite.
Noes 59; 67
Neutrals 0; 0
[Italian, 19 lines.]
Dec. 25. Sanuto Diaries, v. xxix. p. 45. 149. Martin Luther. (Note by Sanuto.)
On the “Campo” of S. Stefano, a sermon was preached by “Maestro” Andrea of Ferrara, who has numerous followers. The “Campo” was crowded, and he stood on the balcony of the house inhabited by Pontremolo, the writer in the office of the “Ten Offices.”
He abused the Pope and the Court of Rome. He adopts the doctrine of Friar Martin Luther in Germany, a very learned man, who follows Saint Paul, and is much opposed to the Pope, who has therefore excommunicated him.


  • 1. In Roscoe's Life of Leo X., it is stated that this display took place at Wittemberg on the 10th December 1520.