Index: C

Calendar of State Papers Relating To English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 32, 1659-1661. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1931.

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, 'Index: C', in Calendar of State Papers Relating To English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 32, 1659-1661, (London, 1931) pp. 325-340. British History Online [accessed 21 May 2024].

. "Index: C", in Calendar of State Papers Relating To English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 32, 1659-1661, (London, 1931) 325-340. British History Online, accessed May 21, 2024,

. "Index: C", Calendar of State Papers Relating To English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 32, 1659-1661, (London, 1931). 325-340. British History Online. Web. 21 May 2024,


Cadiz [Andalusia, Spain]:
-, ten ships leave, for Indies, 98; ship from Porto Rico at, 197.
-, English squadron returns to, from Algiers, 202; English frigate at, with feluccas for Charles, 250.

Caesar. See Leopold, the emperor.

Calais, Cales [Pas de Calais, France], Charles goes to, 58; York sails for, to meet mother and sister, 213; queen sails from, 214.

Calamota. See Kalamata.

Calvinists, preponderance in long parliament, 17.

Cambridge, duke of. See James son of duke of York.

Campbell, Archibald, marquis of Argyle, Arghil, sent to Tower, 173; trial of, 256; beheaded at Edinburgh, 305.

Canary Islands: ships leave Cadiz to fetch guns landed at from plate fleet, 99.
-, orders sent to stop plate fleet at, 304.

Candia. See Crete.

-, war of. See war of Candia.

Canea, Crete, English ship took men and munitions to, 268.

Cannes, Caneue in Provence [Alpes Maritimes, France], Bristol returns home by, 285.

cannon. See guns.

Canterbury, co. Kent:
-, gentlemen arrested for preparing petition at, 114; king proceeds to and spends night, 155.
-, Giavarina goes to meet king at, 155, 166; foreign ministers received at, 165.

-, archbishop of. See Juxon, William.

Capello, Giovanni, Venetian Bailo at Constantinople, despatches to Senate, 243, 278.

Caracena, marquis of. See Benavides, Don Luis.

Caraffa, Carlo, papal nuncio in Germany, 5.

Cardenas, Alonso de, ex-ambassador of Spain to England:
-, Talbot sent to England by, 28n; interferes to protect Scott, 161; Charles writes to complain of, 164.
-, bought many of royal possessions when sold, 149; an enemy of Charles, 161; suggested as ambassador, Charles refuses to receive, 162; Bennet complains of behaviour, 193, 228.
-, returned to Madrid with spoils of Stuarts, 228.

Carey, Henry, viscount Falkland, released from Tower by Committee of Safety, 90.

Cartagena [Colombia, S. America], English plan to avoid going to, 197.

Caryl, Joseph, divine, sent from London to Monk, 89.

Castilians. See Spaniards.

Castleton, lord. See Saunderson, George.

Catherine, Caterina, princess of Portugal, Infanta of Portugal, Braganza's sister:
-, possibility of Charles marrying, 150; Mello puts forward with liberal offers, 194, 203, 229; Mello sent back to negotiate marriage, 234.
-, Spaniards fear gold and London notes may turn scale for, 241; Batteville never ceases to disparage, 243.
-, people begin to give title of Majesty to, 254; Mello leaving to fetch, 291; fleet going to fetch, 297.
-, to be left to king's disposition in matter of religion, 291; fleet going to places promised as dowry of, 300.

-, marriage of. See under marriage.

Catholic king. See Philip IV, king of Spain.

Catholics, Roman:
-, expected proclamation to banish from London, 9, proclamation banishing, 15, 20.
-, strenuous edict in preparation against, 42; act for execution of all laws against, 128, 131.
-, ineligible for election to parliament, 131; ordered to leave London pending election, 134; many attended sitting of lords, 142.
-, Giavarina's chapel thronged with, 140; Commons preparing action against, lords oppose, 157; Cromwell stripped of property in Ireland, 231.
-, king likely to be indulgent to, 157, 215; king wants nothing done against, 221.
-, grant of liberty of conscience supposed to include, 215; proposal to enforce penal laws against held up, 221; parliament discussing question of, 307.
-, Presbyterians oppose reinstatement of Howards because they are, 226.
-, Charles tells Batteville that are his only sure support, 247; very numerous, 292; petition to be exempted from certain oaths, 307.
-, Portuguese indifference about Infanta's faith very prejudicial to, 292.

Cephalonia, Zeffalonia, Ionian Island:
-, despatch dated at, 138.
-, English ships at, for currants, 138; English ships going to, for currants, 241.
-, claims of Azarli on caisse of, 185, 195.

-, Proveditore of. See Valier, Francesco.

Cerda, Antonio de, duke of Medina Celi, advises to avoid war with England, 254; Venice wishes advice supported, 267–8.

Ceremonies, Master of the, not yet chosen, 156.

-, -, See Cotterell, Sir Charles; Fleming, Sir Oliver.

Cesy, comte de. See Harlay, Philip de.

Challenor, Thomas, member of parliament, to draw up letter for Venice about Arundel, 75.

Chamberlain, the lord, office not yet filled, many pretenders, 156.

-, -, See Montague, Edward, earl of Manchester.

Chancellor, the lord. See Hyde, Edward.

Charles I, king of England, king of Great Britain, 8.
-, Long Parliament condemned to death, 14, 24; execution alluded to, 22, 90.
-, French recall assistance to Huguenots, 44; Charles II rightful successor of, 128.
-, those who condemned excepted from general pardon, 51; those who refused to sign death excluded from parliament, 109; return of, to parliament, 121.
-, terms arranged with in Isle of Wight, 91; restoration desired except by those who had hand in death of, 122, 126; measures against prime movers in death of, 130.
-, parliament dissolved by death of, 126; two aldermen deny having hand in death, 137.
-, army officers demand justification of all done since death, 129; resolution that parliament justified in waging war on, 131.
-, inscription in place of statue obliterated, rejoicings over, 132; proposal to erect another statue to, 137; Charles II proclaimed as succeeding on death of, 145.
-, Manchester a former opponent of, 141.
-, trial and sentence read in parliament, 148; steps taken for recovery of property, 149.
-, talk of funeral and mourning for, 157; proposed reburial, 201.
-, punishment for those who showed most barbarity against, 161, 173; lords who had hand in death excepted from pardon, 170.
-, son calls a good prince, 162; Charles to have all revenues and goods which belonged to, 176; Southampton rewarded for services to, 194.
-, Worcester claims dukedom by virtue of patent of, 190; act of indemnity general pardon for crimes against, 193; fast in memory of, 245.
-, letter of written at Oxford, to Senate, 195; treaty of, with Spain, 198.
-, religious system of revived, 201; Mazarin leaves to Louis jewel sold by, 252.
-, Juxon constantly with, to last moments, 201.

-, judges of. See regicides.

Charles II, king of England, king of Great Britain, king of Scotland:
-, letters of Senate to, 283, 302.
-, letter of to Winchelsea, 287.
-, Henry Hyde claimed to have commission from, 234n.
-, treaties with Leopold and Don John, promising to restore places taken, 238; as refugee in Flanders, 295.
-, 1659:
-,-, officers of, in London, plotting, 8; suspected of being in Danish embassy, 21n.
-,-, design for landing discovered, 28; astonishment at delay in appearing, 38.
-,-, fear of French supporting, jointly with Spaniards, 18; queen Henrietta urging French to procure restoration, 23; French not committed to, 44; unlikely that French will assist, 44, 68, 78.
-,-, ready to invest Condé with Ireland for help, 23; peace desired so that Spain may abandon, 25; French resent having recourse to Spaniards, 44.
-,-, pamphlets appear expressing desire for, 29; return considered inevitable, 35; return of discussed publicly, 39; common people crying for coming of, 42.
-,-, party of greatly increased in Ireland, 35; likely to make an attempt, 45; royalists waiting for arrival of troops from, 48.
-,-, money sent to, from England, 45; letter of Mordaunt advising not to hasten over, 51.
-,-, Lockhart complains about Condéjoining with, 47; affairs of not even mentioned at Pyrenees conference, 63.
-,-, ready to cross, prevented by contrary winds, 51, 54, 58; over 10,000 out to support cause, 53.
-,-, general pardon issued by, 51; forfeiture of goods of supporters proclaimed, 65; defeat destroys hopes of, 69.
-,-, happy issue expected for, 54; proclaimed king at Warrington, 57; goes to Calais, to be ready to cross, 58; likely to attempt to cross, 64; reported sailed from Boulogne, 67.
-,-, parliament preparing oath for all officials to renounce, 68; report of proposed marriage to Mazarin's niece, 71.
-,-, sets out for Spain, 69; crosses France, object to break dealings with parliament, 75; said to have sailed for Spain, 77.
-,-, government fears may receive help from France and Spain, 72; Spaniards use to frighten English, 82; in Spain to procure support, 84.
-,-, reported at Fuentarabia, 78; proceeds to San Sebastian, 82; gone to Saragossa, 85; staying at Fuentarabia in deepest depression, 90.
-,-, proclamation of appears, with promises, for support, 84; parliament fears Monk will declare for, 90.
-,-, treating with Turenne, 85, 96; 12,000 doubles given to, 91; Mazarin to see at Dax, 93, 96; Mazarin avoided, 95.
-,-, inclined to return to Flanders, 91; returned to Brussels, saw mother at Paris, 95.
-,-, recall considered, return believed inevitable, 91; agreement with Monk to exclude, 94.
-,-, Jermyn and Montague sent to treat with Mazarin for, 93; Mazarin says can do nothing for, 96; he steadfastly refuses to support, 98.
-,-, if fortune favoured, France would like to share in restoration, 96; treated in royal fashion in Spain, 98; Digby appears at Madrid for, 104.
-,-, supporters of in Monk's parliament at Edinburgh, 99.
-, 1660:
-,-, oath preparing for all to renounce, 108; cries in London for restoration, 119.
-,-, Jermyn and Montague urging French help for but no inclination, 111, 113; report of marriage with Mazarin's niece, 127.
-,-, hopes held out of troops from Flanders helping, 113; fear of troops for Dunkirk going over to, 117.
-,-, return not beyond hope, with new parliament, 122; sentiment throughout country points to recall, 126.
-,-, proposal to invite return, but with restrictions, 126; parliament can only recall on conditions that cannot accept, 129.
-,-, disappointment with Monk as all believed he would restore, 126; damaging reports circulated about, 127, 129.
-,-, return practically certain, 126, 135–6; Stephens speaks in parliament of necessity for recall, 128.
-,-, Spain preparing succours for, 127; France and Spain ready to help with men and money, 129.
-,-, army officers propose to protest against recall, lectured by Monk, 128; Monk not averse to return, 129.
-,-, Dutch send commissioners to at Brussels, with excuses, 129.
-,-, said to be proclaimed in land, 131; not so but parliament to decide about, 134.
-,-, parliament action very advantageous for interests of, 131; return taken for granted, 134.
-,-, people increasingly hopeful of return, 131; cheers for, in London, 132; passionate desire for return, 135; desire for universal, 136.
-,-, Portuguese hopes will vanish with return, 135, 142; letter thanking Philip for favour to brother, 139.
-,-, miraculous change in sentiment towards, 136; parliament resolves that true heir to crown, 142; votes money for, 143.
-,-, former enemies trying to curry favour with, 137; few opponents of in convention parliament, 141.
-,-, country cannot be tranquil without return, 138; at Breda expecting summons, 141; declaration of, from Breda, 142, 144.
-,-, little reason to praise Spaniards, as left in want, 141; fleet going to fetch, 143, 149; Spaniards regret that Cardenas held up money for, 163.
-,-, Grenville brings letters from to parliament, city and Monk, 142–3; city votes money for, 143.
-,-, army recognises, 143; many regiments will be disbanded at return, 144.
-,-, rejoicings at expected return, 143; letters read to fleet, who declare obedience, 145.
-,-, return will involve heavy expense for foreign ministers, 144; proclaimed in London and Westminster, 145–6; orders for other towns, 146.
-,-, expresses great esteem for Venice, 144; things likely to proceed with better order at arrival, 147.
-,-, parliament busy with arrangements for return, 145, 148; preparations to greet, 146, 151.
-,-, popular enthusiasm over, 146, 151, 161, 170; restored without conditions, 149.
-,-, Grenville takes money for, from parliament and city, 147, 150–1; sails for England, 153; snares laid for on journey, 158.
-,-, French flatter, talk of marriage to Mlle. d'Orleans, 147; talk of marriage to Braganza's sister, 150; would not receive Portugese ambassador, 157, 164.
-,-, content for others to surrender Dunkirk, 148; proclaimed at Dunkirk, 149.
-,-, formal reception of by States at Hague, 149, 156–7; Morland informs of those who betrayed him, 151; effusive demonstrations of States to, 153.
-,-, would be pleased to give sister to emperor, 150; Venice sending ambassadors extraordinary to congratulate, 152–3, 166, 169, 181; letters of congratulation to, 153, 166.
-,-, knights Morland, 152; landed at Dover, proceeded to Canterbury for night, 155; enters London in state, 155.
-,-, Spaniards count on gratitude of, 152, 160, 163; Cardenas and Caracena no friends to, 164; will not receive Cardenas as ambassador, 162; complains to Philip of Cardenas, 164.
-,-, Giavarina greets at Canterbury, people throng about, 155; settles at Whitehall, people give no rest to, 155, 170; day of rejoicing for return, 168.
-,-, knights many, lavishes favours on Monk, distributes offices, 156, 159, 161; forming privy Council, 159.
-,-, Mazarin has little love for, 157; secret present from French Court to, 158; French angry with for treatment of Bordeaux, 162–3, 169, 173; refused to admit Bordeaux, 165, 169; reasons accepted, 178, 183.
-,-, goes by water to sign acts, 157–8; revokes commissions to privateers, 160.
-,-, likely to be indulgent to Catholics, 157; dissatisfaction of royalists with distribution of favours by, 159; desires to satisfy everyone, 161.
-,-, urges despatch with bill of indemnity, 158, 167, 190; repeats recommendation, 162, 182–3, 187; country enjoying quiet through restoration, 179.
-,-, regicides can only escape by favour of, 158; incensed about Scott, 164.
-,-, unfavourable opinion of Buckingham, 159.
-,-, forming household, 159, 161; parliament considering yearly revenue for, 164, 167.
-,-, courteous letter to king of Spain, 162, 172; friendly demonstrations to Spaniards, 167; Gamarra alleges promise from, 172.
-,-, will take care not to irritate France, 163; Mazarin's letters impeding return shown to, 167.
-,-, receives Brandenburg envoy, 164; supposed to have asked for removal of Nieuport, 165.
-,-, foreign ministers see in private audience, 165; reception of foreign ministers, 171, 174, 177, 187.
-,-, Giavarina has fresh credentials for, 165, 172; he has audience of, 174.
-,-, too easily led to make declarations, 167; French encourage Scots to force to keep covenant, 173.
-,-, designs to recall Bendish and send Winchelsea to Porte, 168; Levant Co. proposes to petition against change, 171; insists on Winchelsea, 180.
-,-, entertained at state banquet by city, 170; out daily for hunting and other recreations, 173; away hunting, 191.
-,-, asked to nominate, divines to decide state religion, 176; touches for scrofula, 182.
-,-, to recover revenues and goods of father, 176; gives assent to four bills, 183.
-,-, suggested marriage to princess of Brandenburg, 177, 180; liberal offers for marriage to Infanta of Portugal, 194.
-,-, will not allow captured Spanish ships to be adjudged lawful prize, 177.
-,-, in no position to help Venice, 178; restoration means additional friend for Venice, 180; informed of Venetian ambassadors extraordinary, 182.
-,-, puts trustworthy governor into Dunkirk, 178; hopes for advantage in making Monk governor of Ireland, 190.
-,-, question of having notified powers of restoration, 179, 188, 191–2, 204, 214, 220, 224; congratulations on restoration, 184–5, 189, 191.
-,-, expresses hope of helping Venice, 182; takes up affair of Galilee, 184, 206; proposed collection for Venice, 186.
-,-, Mello asks for help and confirmation of treaties, 183, 194; returns to city for reception of Alefelt, 191; Alefelt has audience of, 194.
-,-, promises to have no deallings with Portugal, 183; Spaniards confident will never support Braganza, 185; count on his good will, 192.
-,-, would disapprove of alliance with Turk, 185, 192; would readily grant levies against Turk, 187; excepts Venice from order recalling English serving abroad, 188, 191.
-,-, Giavarina speaks to of behaviour of ships at Zante, 188; disapproves and promises to stop, 189; thanked for excepting Venice from proclamation, 197, 206.
-,-, Venice hopes to stimulate to help, 192, 202; reply of, to Venice, 195; Giavarina appeals to, 205–6, 216; encouraging reply, 206, 216.
-,-, promised levy against Portugal, 193; most friendly disposition to Spain, 194.
-,-, complaint of hostility of Caracena and Cardenas to, 193; Bennet says malicious union of Spanish ministers against, 228.
-,-, gives assent to act of indemnity, 193; speech to parliament on lack of money, 195; goes to give assent to bills, 197.
-,-, act for annual celebration of restoration, 193; parliament fixing revenue of, 195, 200; bill to supply present needs, 199.
-,-, wants to restore government of Scotland and Ireland to ancient state, 194.
-,-, makes Southampton treasurer, 194; proposes to set up Council of Trade, 200; Navigation Act confirmed by, 211.
-,-, permits adjournment of parliament, likely to dissolve it, 195–6; thanks them for their work, 200.
-,-, Jermyn and Crofts inform of affairs in France, 196; not known if Soissons asked for sister, 218.
-,-, asked for marriage of sister to Anjou, 196; may consent to please mother and sister, 209; and Soissons, 213; Soissons will ask, for sister, 217.
-,-, anxious about Gloucester's illness, 196; grief at his death, 198; mourning for Gloucester, 201; condolences on, 205; may inform powers, 209.
-,-, French want to marry a daughter of Orleans, 196, 203; Portugal and Denmark producing wives for, 203.
-,-, bill to restrain from surrendering Dunkirk and Jamaica, 198; wants decision to justify refusal to Spaniards, 200.
-,-, revenue provided will render one of most opulent monarchs, 200, 226; does nothing without Hyde's advice, 206; much attached to Hyde, 228; makes Hyde a peer, 228–9.
-,-, Ligne has first audience of, 201; entertained and defrayed him and took meal at house, 205.
-,-, appointing bishops and confirming others, 201, 214; advances Irish lords in peerage, 202–3; has appointed to most of great offices, 227.
-,-, Venice hopes will send ambassador, 202; Venice hopeful of help from, 215; queen's influence with invoked for, 216.
-,-, asks for reinstatement of deprived aldermen, 203; Scott disclosed names of betrayers to, 210.
-,-, Mazarin manœuvring to marry to niece, 203; rumours of, at Madrid, 206; mother favours, 219.
-,-, sets out to meet princess of Orange, 203; starts to meet mother, 213–4.
-,-, orders county militias to be set on foot, 204; more favourable to Catholics than predecessors, 215; wishes to leave them undisturbed, 221.
-,-, Ligne takes leave of, 205; envoys from Germany to congratulate, 207, 229.
-,-, Mello importunes for confirmation of treaty, 205; Mello takes leave of, 207, 210–1; Mello gets proclamation from on treaty, 210.
-,-, regicides imploring pardon of, 207; promise to those who gave themselves up, 209; leaves London on days of execution, to avoid petitions, 209.
-,-, asks for gondolas, 208; gondolas preparing for, 215, 225, 227.
-,-, upset over brother's affair with Anne Hyde, 210; deeply incensed, 217; become reconciled to it, says James cannot draw back, 228; takes side of Anne, 228, 237.
-,-, Batteville has audience of, 211, 213; appointed commissioners to confer with Batteville, 221.
-,-, gets question of incorporation of Dunkirk and Jamaica postponed, 212; promises that they shall not be incorporated, 221.
-,-, Winchelsea had orders from to help Venice, 212; does not contribute a sou to embassy, 217.
-,-, informed of ambassadors coming from Venice, 216, 225, 227; promises to send ambassador there, 216; Vienna will urge to help Venice, 220.
-,-, opposed to marriage of sister with Anjou, 218; gives Jermyn powers to settle marriage, 221.
-,-, Soissons entertained at banquet, 218; Batteville promoting marriage of to Mazarin's niece, 223.
-,-, presents from Dutch to, 219, 225; confirms pensions for Rupert and Edward, 223–4.
-,-, delight in pictures and statues, 219; leaning to Catholicism, 221; delight in foreign craft, 225.
-,-, decides to summon new parliament, 220; presence desirable at dissolution of convention, 223.
-,-, obliged to depend largely on Presbyterians, 220; majority of Commons anxious to prove devotion to, 226.
-,-, appoints Jones consul at Venice, 221; too engrossed in affairs to think of help for Venice, 224; Giavarina to cultivate, 225; Giavarina not to worry, 230.
-,-, constant in supporting Spanish claims and interests, 222; Haro exclaims against ingratitude of, 227.
-,-, commissions of, for Algiers, 222; issues declaration for settlement of property in Ireland, 231.
-,-, persuades mother to delay departure, 223; godfather to Ann Hyde's son, 228.
-,-, proposed marriage to Mazarin's niece, obstacles in way, 225, 229, 234; other marriage proposals for, listens to all and tries to gain time, 229; Mello sent back to, 234.
-,-, revenue granted by parliament to, 226, 235; new elections certain to be more favourable to, 230.
-,-, gave parliament respite to finish off bills, 230; Bendish fears punishment from, on return, 234; Bendish will tell of good relations with Ballarino, 238.
-,-, examines personally those arrested for city revolt, 230; plots against only serve to consolidate authority, 231.
-,-, issues proclamation banishing disbanded soldiers from London, 230.
-,-, new regiment of guards for, 231; great vigilance shown to guard, 235.
-,-, representations to upon affair of Angel, 231, 240; letter to Giavarina upon, 232.
-,-, assent to bills interrupted by sister's illness, distress at her death, 235.
-, 1661:
-,-, goes to dissolve parliament, thanks them for their work, 237; order to stop abuse of searching houses, 244.
-,-, accompanied mother to coast, 237; informed of outbreak, returns to London, 240; finds out designs of rebels, 242.
-,-, Giavarina tells about Consul Jones and Ambassador Mocenigo, talks of responding to embassy, 238.
-,-, Giavarina to tell of what done for Galilee, 238, 240, 252; Galilee petitions again, 245.
-,-, Giavarina to approach about help, 238; Collalto to assist in getting help from, 240.
-,-, Batteville urged to take advantage of friendly disposition of, 238; Spain would like to marry empress, 241.
-,-, Collalto to go and congratulate and to urge to help against Turks, 240–1, 243; informs emperor of restoration, 241; congratulations on restoration, 260, 269, 273, 276, 278, 283, 302.
-,-, does not want empress but would take Infanta, 241; wants to marry a Catholic princess and soon, 243.
-,-, Spaniards fear that London riots and Portuguese gold may prevail with, 241; unlikely to espouse Portugal involving hostility of Hapsburgs, 248.
-,-, distress at sister's illness, 242; in mourning for sister, 244; offers exiguous sums for sister's dowry, 253.
-,-, has Richmond arrested for striking Cornwallis, 244; insists on reconciling Batteville and Hyde, 265.
-,-, question of sending ambassador to Venice, 245; likely to despatch ambassadors after parliament has met, 267.
-,-, orders fast for father's death, 245; desires appanage for Anjou, 253; sending jewels to Henrietta, 263.
-,-, has parliament opened in Scotland, 246; Dunkirk garrison increased for greater security of, 265.
-,-, very friendly to Spain, but dare not act independently, 247, 259; Spaniards begin to mistrust promises, 250; Spaniards extremely suspicious of, 257.
-,-, Batteville encourages idea of coup d'etat, 247; Batteville reports plot against, 250.
-,-, Mello sees privately, makes large offers to, 248, 253–4, 258; Philip refuses to believe that will accept Portuguese offers, 253.
-,-, Bristol supposed to be going about a wife for, 248; recalls Bristol, through Hyde's importunity, 262, 288.
-,-, believed married to sister of prince de Ligne, 248; Hyde would prefer to see wifeless or married to a subject, 259, 262, 271.
-,-, Winchelsea wishes Venetian satisfaction with him to be known to, 252; Winchelsea informs Ballarino of plot against, 257.
-,-, Batteville receives funds to induce to join Spain against Portugal, 255; assurances of goodwill to Spain, 258, 265.
-,-, Monk's regiment retained, at charges of, 255; troops in Flanders allowed to go to Dunkirk, 264.
-,-, Ballarino fears Winchelsea may write to, about mediation, 257.
-,-, asked money of Batteville, 258; Batteville labours with, to thwart Portugal, 259; letters to Spain pledging himself not to unite with Portugal, 261.
-,-, Mello sees privately whenever he wishes, 258; does not relish this much, 259.
-,-, Mello asks to mediate between Portuguese and Dutch, 258; offers mediation, 266, 282, 304.
-,-, Alefelt takes leave of, 259; sends to fetch Maurice of Nassau, 260; Brandenburg ambassadors have audience of, 263.
-,-, feels sure of not losing Spanish trade, 261; gave Batteville promise for Parma marriage, 263; Spaniards anxious to retain confidence of, 276, 282.
-,-, better to receive money from subjects than from Portugal, 263; Jermyn refuses to believe that will ever unite with Portuguese, 270.
-,-, Barbareschi threaten with war, determined not to accept their terms, 266, 290, 297–8; Riley will make outcry to against them, 281; likely to resent action of, 285.
-,-, asked to stop ships serving Turks, 268, 279, 280, 284, 301; promises to write to Winchelsea, 274, 287, 290; writes, 287, 294.
-,-, Venetian efforts to secure help against Turks, 269; hope of help held out to Venice, 270; too busy to attend to question, 275.
-,-, mother promises will ratify sister's marriage treaty, 270; present of scents for, from Spain, 274.
-,-, Hyde suggests marrying Mlle. d'Orleans, 271; Haro says Hyde opposed to genius and quiet of, 281.
-,-, members chosen for London of ill omen for, 272, 275; has letters stopped, 275; sectaries take advantage of departure for Windsor, 284.
-,-, knights of Malta ask help against encroachments of Dutch, 272–3; installing knights of the Bath, 284.
-,-, hoped parliament will prove satisfactory to, 277; progress from Tower to Whitehall on day before coronation, 286.
-,-, Salviati takes leave of, 277; Giavarina to inform of despatch of ambassadors, 283.
-,-, Bristol returning to try and stop allying with Portugal, 282; princess of Nassau would bring more wealth to, 283; cannot turn to any party but Portugal, 289.
-,-, Bristol one of chief intimates of, 282; well impressed by Tiepolo and Vidman, 293.
-,-, Venetian regard for, 285, 294; regard for Venice, 287, 302; despatch of gondolas for, 288, 290; pleased about gondolas, 302.
-,-, not in a position to do what would wish about Turks, 286; listens to all and promises to all, but performs nothing, 297.
-,-, reviews guards in Hyde Park and receives foreign ministers, 286; reviews forces of city of London, 293.
-,-, not well pleased with Tuscan court, 289; court angry with Salviati for behaviour to, 298.
-,-, question of marriage resumed, council meets about, 289; informs parliament of decision about marriage, 291; wrote to Spain of aversion for, 299.
-,-, opens parliament, 291; directs that parliament shall adjourn before leaves for progress, 297, 305.
-,-, Infanta left to disposition of in matter of religion, 291; reason for refusing to make advances to Mlle. d'Orleans, 299.
-,-, Batteville presents sheet to with Spanish offers about marriage, 292; Batteville's action resented by, 292; intimated that Batteville's departure would displease, Batteville will not go to audience of unless asked, 296.
-,-, ministers arrange Portuguese match in order to keep control over, 293; congratulations on marriage, 297, 302.
-,-, sole delight in recreation and trifles, which cause remark and amusement, 297; parliament orders celebration of birthday, 301.
-,-, going on progress through kingdom, 297; not necessary for Giavarina to follow, 307.
-,-, not responsible for Dunkirk garrison levying contributions, 299; promises to give orders to prevent further trouble, 306.
-,-, Spaniards incensed at treatment by, over marriage, 303.

-, coronation of. See coronation.

-, household of. See household, the royal.

-, marriage of. See under marriage.

Charles X, king of Sweden:
-, Montagu to work for adjustment with Denmark, 7, 12, 15; difficulty over article about compelling to accept adjustment, 19.
-, States fear English will compel Denmark to give way to, 19; likely to be easier if cannot look to England for support, 23; not pleased with English as render him no service, 63–4, 73.
-, commissioners to promote adjustment with Denmark, 30, 34–5; absent at Nascou when commissioners arrived, 60.
-, English captain privateering with patents of, 34; not pleased with course followed by mediators, 63, 66; Dutch decide to compel to make peace, 64; will not listen to proposals of mediators, 69, 72, 87; angry reply to commissioners, 82.
-, English think Dutch fleet will suffice to bring to reason, 81; foreign ministers urge to conclude peace, 82, 90.
-, death of, 130; imparted to council of state, 132.

Charles XI, king of Sweden, accession of, 130; letters of credence presented for, 133.

Charles II, duke of Mantua, father of empress Eleanor, 241n.

Charles Emanuel II, duke of Savoy:
-, idea of marrying Hortense Mancini to, 225; a suitor for princess Henrietta, 229.
-, sends to congratulate Charles, 229.

Charles Louis, Elector Palatine of the Rhine:
-, welcomes Correr and Morosini, 307–8.
-, offered 100 horse to emperor, 308.

Cheshire, county of:
-, rebels continue conquests in, 59; rebels in defeated, 61, 64; rising in referred to, 108, 122.
-, Lambert ordered to secure all arms and munitions in, 65; ingratitude of parliament over, 79.
-, militia constituted for affair of, 80; some of lords concerned in affair released, 90.

Chester, co. Cheshire, 64–5.
-, letter dated at, 58.
-, captured by rebels, 53, 55; leaders of revolt at, 56; rebels retire to, 61.
-, Lambert sets out for, 56, 67; Monk asked to send troops to, declines, 57; submits to Lambert, 61.

Chiaia Bey, asks passport of Ballarino for English ship, 252.

Chirk, Chirck, Chirke, co. Denbigh, captured by rebels, 55; Lambert easily reduces, 64; demolition of castle decided, 65.

Church of England, Anglican church:
-, Presbyterian principles turn to destruction of, 159; king to appoint divines to settle question of, 176.
-, episcopalianism re-established, 201; five bishops consecrated according to rite of, 214.

Clare Louise, sister of prince de Ligne, 248.

Clarendon, earl of. See Hyde, Edward.

Clargis, Thomas, Monk's brother-in-law, sent to king with Monk's answer, 146; made a knight and baronet, 149.

clergy, ministers, Act to restore to parishes and churches, 199.

Cleve, Cleves [Rhenish Prussia, German Empire], letters dated at, 260n.

Clobery, Lt.-Col. John:
-, sent by Monk to London to treat, 92; confers with Fleetwood, 93; settlement arranged by, 94, 100; Monk does not confirm, 97, 99; declares will be ratified, 99.
-, Monk's letter to city council written before left Scotland, 97; leaving for Newcastle, 99.

coal, Dutch urge English to send to Danes, 87.

Cobbet, Col. Ralph, parliament decides to cashier, 79; sent to Scotland with news of changes, 84, 86; Monk detains a prisoner, 89, 92.

Cochraine, Sir Brice, companies of mutiny, 117.

Cock, G., paper signed by, 37.

Coldstream Guards, Monk's regiment re-engaged as, 255n.

Colepeper, Culpepper, John lord, went after king towards Spain, 85n.

Collalto, count:
-, proposed mission to England, 236, 243; to go when finished with Saxony and Brandenburg, 240; to congratulate Charles and ask for help against Turk, 241; to offer Charles assistance, 243.
-, hope to use for service of Venice, 240; friendly to Venice, Giavarina to cultivate, 245; Giavarina will support instances of, 249, 260.
-, in Flanders, about to embark, 260; seriously ill, 267; dead, 275, 278; emperor will replace, 278, 290; Strozzi replaces, 298.

collection, suggestion to make in England, to help Venice against Turks, 178; requires consideration, 186; Giavarina to proceed with reserve about, 199; time not propitious for, 202, 206.

Cologne [German Empire]:
-, Pölnitz's credentials dated at, 164n; despatch dated at, 308.
-, Correr and Morosini going to, 303; arrive at, 307; Tiepolo meets them at, 308.

-, archbishop elector of. See Bavaria, Maximilian Henry of.

-, dean of the chapter. See Furstenberg, Frobenius Maria, count of.

Colombes, Colomba [Seine, France], Jermyn attends on queen Henrietta at, 294; duke and duchess of Anjou leave, 299.

colonisation, king thinks of setting up council for, 201.

comedies, performed at city banquet to king, 170.

commissioners, for Ireland, appointed by parliament, 28; take over government, 33; instructions being prepared for, 35; not yet moving, 39; Henry resigns government to, 42; government in hands of two, 46.

-, for the Sound, the Dutch, 49, 55, 82, 150, 160.

-, -, -, See Haren, William van; Slingelandt, Godfrey; Vogelsangh, Peter.

-, -, the English, 54.

council of state wishes to appoint, some refuse to go, 30; council busy over appointment, 34; appointed, instructions preparing for, 35; about to start, 40.

commissions and credentials passed by parliament, 40; and sealed by council, 41.

news of eagerly awaited, 46, 52; arrived and welcomed, 60; first audiences of Charles X, 63; Charles not entirely pleased with, 73.

said to have arranged truce, 55; directed to proceed with agreement as arranged by mediators, 66; hold out scant hope of good results, 69; urge kings to conclude peace, 82, 90.

likely to return soon, 66; council to consider recall, 73; decision to stay or return left to, 75, 90.

lack of good understanding between Montagu and, 72; urge Denmark to pursue negotiations with Sweden, 82; said to favour Sweden, 145.

held in great respect, practically arbiters of the whole business, 90; dissensions with Dutch, 150; urge Dutch to resume negotiations, 160.

considered too partial to Swedes, 160.

-, -, -, names of: Boone, Thomas; Honeywood, Sir Robert; Sidney, Algernon.

Committee of Safety:
-, set up, by long parliament, 20; notifies foreign ministers of change, 21.
-, set up by army officers, functions of, 86; labouring at form of government, 89, 91, 94.
-, releases five lords from Tower, 90; has colonels arrested who delivered Monk's letter, 99.
-, forbids unauthorised collecting of soldiers, 92; forbids presenting of petitions, 101.
-, Galilee appeals to, for representations 31 to Venice, 98.
-, presents model for government to army officers, 100; issues proclamation for new parliament, 103; meetings cease with decision to recall Rump, 106.

Commons, House of, Lower House:
-, decision to treat lords as house of parliament, 6; decision on how this to be done, 9.
-, lords do not wish to have to dissolve with, 131.
-, nominates deputies to greet king, 146; entertained by city, 170.
-, preparing lightenings against Catholics, 157; many Presbyterians in, 173; wishes laws against Catholics enforced, 221.
-, differences with lords on question of regicides, 157; act of indemnity passed in, 179; took too long over, 183; act sent back to, 187; dispute with lords over, 190.
-, disputes in on religious settlement, 173; doubtful if will meet again, 195; convoked irregularly, 196.
-, uncertain if will come back after adjournment, 197; king decides to dissolve because of unquiet spirits in, 220.
-, incorporation of Dunkirk, Mardick and Jamaica carried in, 200.
-, certain to concur in re-establishment of Arundel family, 220; opposition to, because family Catholics, 226; bill carried in, id.
-, majority of members wish to make selves eligible for re-election, 226; king thanks for work of session, 237.
-, Charles makes Hyde peer to prevent interfering about daughter's marriage, 228; king's speech to, at opening of parliament, 291.

-, See also parliament.

Compton, James, earl of Northampton, 69n.
-, released by Committee of Safety, 90.

-, -, William, son of, called upon to surrender, or declared traitor, 69.

Condé, prince of. See Bourbon Condé, Louis II de.

Conflans, marquis of, envoy of Spain to England:
-, sent to open negotiations, 167; arrived in London, 174.
-, amazed at audience given to Mello, discounts it, 177; says ambassadors coming to arrange peace, 183.

conspiracy. See plot.

Constantinople, Turkish Empire, 298.
-, despatches dated at, 19, 43.
-, reports from, 185, 187.
-, Venetians allow English ship to proceed to, 41; nothing more about changing ambassador at, 69.
-, Winchelsea wants to go to, 168; question of embassy at, 169, 171, 180, 188; Winchelsea sails for, 212, 237; journey of Winchelsea to, 246, 266; news of arrival, 256.
-, la Coste starts for, 208, 215; Henry Hyde shipped away from, by Bendish, 234n.
-, employment for war service will prevent English ships going to, 251.
-, greed of English ministers only matched at, 297.

-, arsenal, English ships ordered to, to lade munitions, 251.

consuls, names of:
-, English, at Aleppo. See Riley, Henry.
-, English, in the Morea. See Hyde, Henry.
-, English, at Smyrna. See Bokenham, Anthony; Bretton, Spencer; Prideaux, William.
-, English, at Venice. See Hobson, John; Jones, Giles.
-, English, at Zante. See Womble, William.
-, Venetian, at Genoa. See Tasca, Paris.

Contarini, Alvise, nephew of Simone, joins Correr and Morosini at Augsburg, 308.

-, Domenico, doge of Venice, Giavarina asks for fresh credentials from, 107.

-, —, Venetian captain of the ships, reports arrival of squadron at Dardanelles, 19; stops English ship but allows it to proceed, 41, 55.

Convalles. See Cornwallis.

Cooper, Cupper, Anthony, Ashley, Fleetwood's regiment given to, 110n; added to Privy Council, 156.

Copenhagen, Denmark:
-, news from, 15, 81, 90, 145, 150.
-, Montagu said to have landed at, 12; state reception of Montagu at, 15.
-, fleets of allies at, for adjustment and freedom of Baltic, 49; Amsterdam getting ready supplies for, 87.
-, English and Dutch troops allow munitions to enter, 52; Charles X has hopes of taking, 69.

Corbet, Miles, chief baron of the exchequer, chosen commissioner for Ireland, 33; Henry Cromwell hands over government to, 42; arrested, 107.

Cornaro, Proveditore, 221.

-, Giovanni, Venetian ambassador in Spain, desptaches to the Senate, 299, 303.

Cornwallis, Convalles, Sir Frederick, treasurer of the royal household, quarrel of Richmond with, 244.

-, robes for ordered, 148; not expected for some time, 157.
-, date for fixed, 201, 220, 223, 255; all preparing for, 223, 256, 267; date postponed, 244; all business suspended for, 289.
-, Hyde may be made a duke at, 229; prince of Parma staying over, 275.
-, Giavarina to uphold dignity at but with moderation, 230; splendour of, 284; allowance for expenses over, 294.
-, ceremony of, 286.

Correr, Corner (sic), Angelo, Venetian ambassador extraordinary to England:
-, despatches to the Senate, 303, 307.
-, instructions to, 298, 302.
-, chosen, 169; Charles informed of, 182, 283.
-, previous embassy in England, 182; to start in spring, 215, 225; lived in Winchelsea's house in London, 269.
-, to cultivate best relations with Dutch ambassadors, 285.
-, journey of, 303, 307–8; crossing from Dunkirk, 308.

Corselles, Nicolo, London merchant, claim against abandoned, 7.

Cosenza, archbishop of. See Sanfelici, Giuseppe Maria.

Costa, Joao da, conde de Soure, Portuguese ambassador in France, recalled on conclusion of peace of Pyrenees, 205.

Coste, Col. Bertrand de la:
-, offers services to Venice, 171; Giavarina to report on, 179; wants speedy reply, 188.
-, Giavarina gets stopped from going to serve Turks, 208, 215.

Cotterell, Sir Charles, Master of the Ceremonies, attends on Brandenburg envoy, 164; attends on Giavarina, 174–5.

Council of State:
-, promised letter of marque against la Meilleraie, 2; Richard wished to consult about dealing with officers, 18.
-, expected formation of new, 21; new one established by long parliament, probable functions, 24; makes changes in members to please army, 27.
-, functions of, 27; trying to appoint commissioners for Sound, 30; busy over, 34; credentials sealed by, 41.
-, Nieuport referred to, 29; Nieuport treating with for confirming treaty with Oliver, 31; to appoint a successor to Downing, 38.
-, Polish and Danish ambassadors ask leave to transact business and promise recognition, 31; Rosenwing sees and makes proposals to, 32; parliament expected to leave affairs to, 33.
-, Giavarina needs fresh letters of credence to appeal to, 36; to give audience to ministers of Denmark and Holstein, 43; gives audience to Rosenwing, 46; Pinocci confers with, 61.
-, member of recognises that state of affairs cannot continue, 45; in constant session to deal with risings, 53.
-, to see that no one leaves England without licence, 52; represents state of affairs to mayor and aldermen of London, 57.
-, Giavarina's horses released by order of, 54; all letters held up by, 55; instructed to receive Giavarina, 166.
-, Lambert's letters to make government suspicious, 63; Lambert has seat in, 72; army issues orders in name of, 80.
-, to make enquiry what castles shall be pulled down, 65; to devise means for bringing Arundel home, 73, 75, 85; orders estates to be handed to trustees, 88.
-, militia committees to report to, 65; city entertains at banquet, 77.
-, to direct commissioners to Sound to continue mediation, 66; to enquire into reasons for fleet's return, 72; to consider question of recalling commissioners, 73, 75.
-, may have heard of Charles' proposed marriage to Mazarin's niece, 71; Bordeaux has audience of, 77; manner of receiving residents, 78.
-, Mello pressing for audience of, 77; agreement of Portugal with may be void, 160, 174; treaty made with sent to Lisbon, 179; Mello asks for confirmation of treaty with, 183, 194, 198, 205.
-, continues to sit but only army supporters attend, 83; Committee of Safety to have all authority and power of, 86.
-, set up again, Giavarina may get audience of, 107.
-, new one set up, constitution, 108; sets to work, treating with foreign ministers, 109.
-, Fairfax made member of, 110; reunited parliament orders abolition of, 122.
-, ordered to secure recalcitrant offices, 113.
-, Council of State of 1660:
-,-, set up by reunited parliament, 122; ministers of Sweden have audience of, 132; Mello importunate with, 135; he has audience of and signs treaty, 140.
-,-, to issue writs for new parliament, 122; has all power in interval of parliament, 134.
-,-, has evidence against Lambert and others, to make enquiries, 130; summons Lambert to appear, 139.
-,-, issues three proclamations, 134; orders squadron to Irish waters, 137; refers Zante affair to Admiralty, 150.
-,-, only deals with internal affairs, 134.
-,-, demands release of Inchiquin's son by Algiers, 137.
-,-, army officers promise obedience to, 139; orders muster of London militia, 141.

-, President of. See Annesley, Arthur.

Council, the Privy:
-, Monk appointed to, 156, 170; Presbyterians appointed to, at Monk's instance, 159.
-, king forming, 159; sitting, attends solely to internal affairs, 161, 184.
-, entertained by city, 170; issues proclamation of peace with Spain, 197.
-, serious deliberations, to prevent disturbance, 173; proclamation prepared by, for liberty of conscience, 215.
-, Galilee petitions to take up case, 184; members of, on council of trade, 201, 227; members of appointed to treat with Mello, 210.
-, issues declaration for settlement of Ireland, 231; considering how to deal with fanatics, 240; opposed to Catholics, 247.
-, order of, required for right to search houses, 244; Presbyterian members of forward Mello's proposals, 255; marriage proposals of Spain and Portugal laid before, 289; decides on Portugal, 291.
-, considering issue of writs for new parliament, 256; Batteville gives sheet of Spanish proposals to each member of, 292; constantly meeting about marriage treaty, 304, 306.

-, clerks to. See Brown, Sir Richard; Walker, Edward.

Council general of officers:
-, proceedings opened, Monk's supporters absent from, 102; decides to summon new parliament, 103; revokes this and recalls the old, 105–6.
-, demands of, from parliament, 105.

Council, the king's, in exile, Spaniards tried to get Hyde put out of, 295.

Council of Trade. See Trade, Council of.

Counell, Theodorus, interpreter of Polish ambassador, arrest of, as priest, 26.

Covenant, Solemn League and:
-, parliament orders republication, 128; republication advantageous for king, 131.
-, Mazarin tries to revive demand for, in Scotland, 173; burned by order of parliament, 301.

Coventry, Coventrye, William, duke of York's secretary, 213.
-, paper signed by, 189.
-, Giavarina speaks to, to get la Coste stopped, 208; thanks due to for, 215.
-, Giavarina discusses question of title with, 211; glad that matters settled satisfactorily, 217.

Cox, Lt.-Col., warns lord mayor of rising of Fifth Monarchy men, 239n.

Craff. See Crofts.

Cranford, Joseph, printer, discharged, 224.

Crayford, co. Kent, mutineers rounded up at, 117n.

Creed, Crid, Major Richard, parliament decides to cashier, 79, put in command of parliament guards, 80.

Crete, Candia, island of:
-, Charles asks Giavarina about affairs of, 182, 192.
-, Smyrna Factor employed to take troops to, 251, 268; Venetians asked for passport for, 252, 257; king annoyed at such use of ship, 279; order to restrain, 287.

Crofton, Zachary, vicar of St. Botolph, Aldgate, sent to Tower for sermon and seditious book, 275.

Crofts, William lord, lord Craff:
-, expected at French Court to report restoration, 158; explains why king will not receive Bordeaux, 178, 183; expected back in London, 191; back from France, 196.
-, reported that Louis refused to receive, 174; informs king of affairs, 196.

Cromwell, Elizabeth, widow of Oliver, proposed settlement for, 23–4; possessions of crown in hands of taken away, 149.

-, Henry, lord deputy of Ireland:

uncertainty about attitude of, 15, 18; proclamation of recalling absent officers, 26.

reported severity with Anabaptists, 18–9; fear of trouble with, 35, 39.

issues proclamation requiring obedience to Protector, 28; sends commissioners to parliament, with claims, 33.

commissioners sent to treat with, 28; summoned to London and ordered to submit to decisions of parliament, 33; submits to parliament and resigns government, 42.

returns to England, 42; gives account of state of Ireland, 42, 46; retires to country, 46.

-, Oliver, the Protector, 26, 46, 231.

condolences on death, 3, 5; disturbances expected at death of, 22.

seal of, used by Richard, 4; dismissed long parliament, 17; and Council of State, 21.

made war on Spain because of wrongs, 8; assent to congress of Augsburg known to Electors, 10.

raised up Thurloe from nothing, 17, 148; lords created by lose rank, 24, 46; Thurloe backed in all his actions, 38,

furniture made for, at Whitehall, 22: regard for as general, not as Protector, 23; parliament condemns every action of, 25; proposed pardon for those who supported acts of, 38.

parliament may annul all acts of, so Dutch ask confirmation of treaty with, 31, 40; parliament reinstating officers cashiered by, 35; Lambert disgraced by, 63.

Lambert's ambition to occupy place of, 65; talk of restoring form of government of, 72, 74; Lambert following precedent with Fairfax, 86.

Charles expelled from France after alliance with, 68.

Parliament annulled all acts of, 81; charge of treason brought against, 148.

country reduced to exhaustion by, 148; Anglican establishment destroyed by, 176.

Thurloe exercised absolute authority under, 148; Thurloe reponsible for death of many innocents in time of, 149.

Morland informs king of those who betrayed him to, 151; magistracy abolished by, set up again, 183.

effigies of burnt at rejoicings over king's return, 155; effigy of hung from window of palace, 162.

Cardenas did more injuries to Stuarts than, 162; Giavarina changes liveries used in time of, 165.

Spaniards claim war only with, 163, 181; war against Spain declared unjust, 198; war with waged in interest of Charles, 227.

collection for Vaudois in time of, 178; grant of Irish levy to Portugal to eliminate factionaries of, 193; policy in Ireland to exterminate old owners, 231.

Navigation Act of revived, 211; Downing represented at Hague, 305.

Bristol says Dunkirk and Jamaica not conquests but usurpations by, 212; Charles promised to restore places usurped by, 238; question of these places, 250, 273, 281.

asked Venice to confirm Hobson as consul, 221; Charles displeased with Medici because of friendship with, 289.

body dug up and hanged at Tyburn, 226, 246.

alleged shameful pact with Tunis and Tripoli, 266; Jermyn says made very advantageous treaties with Barbareschi, 270.

-, Richard, the Protector:

members for Scotland and Ireland devoted to, 1; army divided about, 11; army partisans abandon, 12, 14.

good reason to hope for happy issue in parliament, 1; everything proceeding according to desires of, 16.

letter to Venice about Paramour, 3–4; confirms Prideaux as consul, 5; Venice wishes to know intentions about Turks, 13.

wants to tighten alliance with France, 6; proclamation banishing Catholics and royalists issued in name of, 15; would forward peace with Spain, 16.

army petitions, for pay, 6, 10; fair answer to, distressed about, 7; communicates petition to parliament, 8.

officers ask for another general in place of, 10; tries to stop meetings of officers, 11.

forced by officers to dissolve parliament, 12–3; frequent meetings with Fleetwood and Desborough, 14.

left desolate at Whitehall like a prisoner, 12–4. 16–7; getting rid of household, 17; expelled from dignity of Protector, 22.

Montagu brought letters of credence from, 15; ingratitude of Thurloe to, 17–8; plots of officers revealed to, consults Council about and betrayed, 18; Henry means to defend party of, 19.

Lambert comes to fore at fall of, 20; lords created by lose rank, 24, 46.

future of uncertain, 22; Senate desires information about fate, 29, 41.

army officers ask for payment of debts and a yearly revenue, 23; proposed settlement on, 24, 48; asked to make statement of debts, 27; parliament liquidates debts of, 48.

parliament condemns every action of, 25; submits to authority of republic, 27; parliament may annul all acts of, 31.

Henry enjoins obedience to, 28; envoy of to North may find commissions useless, 34; Pinocci could never get audience of, 26.

proposed pardon for those who supported acts of, 38; parliament protects against molestation for 6 months, 46.

officers considering restoration of, 45; likely to be easily controlled, 45.

leaves Whitehall, for country life, 46; retired to private life, 54; parliament annulled all acts of, 81.

nothing done about assignments for, 55; Thurloe exercised absolute authority under, 148.

Fleetwood principal author of fall of, 107; apartments at Whitehall prepared for Monk, 109.

talk of restoring as Protector, 126.

Crooked Billet, Dutch ship, taken by privateer, 34n.

Culpepper. See Colepeper.

Cunha, Manuel da, bishop of Elvas, kept Portugal in true faith, 303.

Cunningham, William, earl of Glencairn, Glencarn, takes part in Monk's parliament at Edinburgh, 99.

Cupper. See Cooper.

-, English ship taken with cargo of, 133; English ships at Argostoli for, 138; Zante Frigate going to Ionian islands for, 144, 152.
-, English ships going to Zante and Cephalonia for, 241; Frigate Madonna asks leave to go to Ionian islands for, 302.

customs, duties:
-, rebels burn books of, 59; parliament decrees that none may be levied without their consent, 81; council of officers annuls decree, 89.
-, merchants leaving goods in bond, without paying, 127.
-, parliament votes continuation of, 164, 179; king gives assent to bill for, 183; granted to king for life, 200.
-, act to prevent fraud in, 199; Turkish commandeering of English ships would prejudice, 251.