Index: N

Pages 397-406

Calendar of State Papers Relating To English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 35, 1666-1668. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1935.

This free content was digitised by double rekeying and sponsored by the Arts and Humanities Research Council. All rights reserved.



Naiantel, Naiental. See Nointel.

Nangle, Cornet, attack on Castle Forbes, 24n.

Nantia, Seigneur de. See Joubert, Jean.

-, squadron of, sent to Levant by queen's order, 265; Spain should defend in Candia, 299; English ship goes to, for oil, 304.

-, Viceroy of. See Aragona, Don Pedro Antonio d'.

Nassau, Henry Frederick of, Prince of Orange, 87n.

-, -, Mary, daughter of, marriage of, 87.

-, Isabella de, countess of Arlington: 312.

offer to introduce Mocenigo to queen and duchess of York, 256.

Mocenigo proposes to visit, 266.

-, Louis of, herr van Beverwaart, 312n.

-, Maurice of, Prince of Orange, 312n.

-, William III of, prince of Orange:

Buat member of the household of, 63n; de Witt head of party opposed to, 86.

intrigue in favour of, 63; party of, coming to light, 78.

goes to Cleves to marriage of aunt, 87; Dutch fear congress at Hague because of, 139; English can work with partisans of, at Breda, 146.

Brandenburg may intend to promote interests of, 159; Arlington's wife a dependant of, 312.

navy, the royal, fleet:
-, 1666:
-,-, sighted off Brittany, 1; squadron to engage Beaufort, 23.
-,-, Konigsmarck impressed by, 2; captures made by, 24–5.
-,-, captains of four ships punished, 2; ship of, lost with cargo of wheat, 25.
-,-, withdrawn to Plymouth, 6; squadron ready to attack Dutch, 26, 34.
-,-, divided into two bodies, 7, 13; in four days' battle, 14–17; losses in battle reasons for reverse, 22–3; Monaco expected to win, 28.
-,-, rose-coloured balls fired by, 28; Ostend supplied with powder during battle, 28.
-,-, will be inferior at next action, short of ships and men, 31; blockaded in the Thames, 34; some ships taken higher up river, 36.
-,-, 70 ships ready, waiting for more, 36; about to engage Dutch, 40; very large armaments of, 41.
-,-, Dutch capture three scouts of, 40; Dutch complain that no advantage taken of defeat, 45–6.
-,-, Swedish fleet not intended to unite with, 44.
-,-, French fear battle with, 45; fear of holds Beaufort back, 45; fresh engagement with Dutch, 49.
-,-, lack of men and equipment likely to delay appearance, 46; energetic equipment of great fleet, 49.
-,-, comes out of Thames to fight Dutch, 49; success of, 50; further account of battle, 52.
-,-, French not displeased at victory of, 50.
-,-, blockading Dutch coasts, 56; operation at Vlie, burning of ships, 60.
-,-, returns to Thames, 63; movements uncertain, 64; report of fresh engagement with Dutch, 68, 71.
-,-, Dutch live in apprehension of, 65; Finch celebrates victory at Florence, 69.
-,-, Ruyter attacks at disadvantage, 71; action broken off by weather, 72; sails to isle of Wight, 75.
-,-, goes down Channel, 72; French apprehensive about, 73; fire prevented attacking Beaufort, 77; held back by storm and fire, 78.
-,-, equipment of probably lost in fire, 77; canvas for sent for homeless Londoners, 81; proposed to use unclaimed valuables for service of, 81, 87.
-,-, squadron off Spain, valuables removed from merchantmen for fear of, 80.
-,-, fire stimulates enlistment for, 81.
-,-, squadron of defeats Dutch leaving Beaufort and captures French ship, 82.
-,-, ordered to go and encounter Dutch, 87; withdrawn, 92.
-,-, ready to put to sea and thrash Beaufort as well, 93; reinforcements voted for, 101; parliament votes money for, 103.
-,-, squadron to go to Mediterranean, 103; to escort merchantmen, 126.
-,-, ships from Gothenburg bring stores for, 124; squadron escorting Gothenburg ships defeats small Dutch squadron, 124.
-, 1667:
-,-, differences in parliament about money for, 130; laxity about equipment of, 138.
-,-, squadron for Strait sails, 132.
-,-, cruisers capture three rich French ships off Rochelle, 133.
-,-, talk of Spanish subsidy for, to help Austrians, 134, 144.
-,-, three frigates to escort ships to W. Indies, 138.
-,-, not expected to be ready soon, 145; confidence in, 147.
-,-, four ships convoy merchantmen to Cadiz, 146; two frigates leave Cadiz with money, 152.
-,-, fleets to guard coasts of England and to cruise off Ireland, 149; in no satisfactory condition, 151.
-,-, squadron in Mediterranean chases French galleys, 155; does not salute fortress, 156; leaves Leghorn but hanging about, 157.
-,-, Ghent sails to engage squadron off Plymouth, 156–7; proposal to get crews of colliers for, 158.
-,-, Norwegian captain reports squadron at Tilbury, to convoy ships to Barbadoes, 170.
-,-, Dutch raid on, in Mersey, 170; great damage done to, 171.
-,-, attacks Dutch in Thames, 178–9; four frigates capture Venetian ship off Cadiz, 185; four frigates demand salute from Cadiz, 199.
-,-, victory over French at Martinique, 189; English offer help of, to Spain, 195.
-,-, Southwell sends news of Portugal by frigate, 202; ten ships expected at Lisbon, 214; two frigates to take Sandwich from Santander, 218.
-,-, fleet kept ready, 218; about to join Dutch, curiosity about employment, 221.
-,-, fifteen ships gone for surrender of St. Kitts, 271, 300.
-,-, inquiry into expenditure on, 323; operations at Algiers, 327.

-, treasurer of the. See Annesley, Arthur, earl of Anglesea.

Neidhart, Nithard, John Eberhart, confessor of the Queen of Spain, Inquisitor General:
-, pretext for delaying negotiations, 55; minister to treat with Sandwich, 58, 186, 195; present at Sandwich's exposition to Junta, 95; speaks without restraint of behaviour and advice of Sandwich, 207.
-, seen by Potting several times, 136; refuses to sign assurances to Portugal, 189; considers peace with Portugal at hand, 207; Dutch dislike policy of, 299.

Nemours, duchess of. See Marie.

-, duke of. See Charles Amadeus; Henry.

Neoburgo. See Philip William, Count Palatine of Neuburg.

Neringhen. See Fort de Hooningen.

Netherlands, Dutch, High Mightinesses, Holland, States: 304.
-, revolt from Spain referred to, 21; obligation of France to assist, 83.
-, profited by French intervention with Munster, 88; Carlingford sent to get emperor's help against, 99; Colbert managed settlement with Munster, 110.
-, 1666:
-,-, French dissatisfied with, 1. 6, 13; Konigsmarck's poor opinion of, 3, 5.
-,-, Swedish mediator to go to, 2; French expect financial help from to win Sweden, 5.
-,-, policy to wear down England, 6, 13; French plans with against England, 12.
-,-, Denmark appeals to for help, 7; gain by not having to assist Denmark, 35.
-,-, intense revulsion over victory, 17; rejoicings, 19; claim victory, 31.
-,-, policy divergent from that of France, 18; French advantage from success of, 35.
-,-, English swear to reduce to extremity, 27; ships from all parts arrive in after battle, 32.
-,-, biting remarks against in letters of Charles, 27; sending goods to France, 37.
-,-, complain of behaviour of Spaniards, 32; complain of tardiness of Beaufort, 36, 50.
-,-, contribute to subsidy of Sweden, 35; Konigsmarck not to concern himself with, 44.
-,-, allied princes ask for subsidy from, 37; claim of upon France for subsidy or troops, 46.
-,-, cargoes from French ports released for, 37; ask Denmark for ten ships, 46.
-,-, complain of French neglect to support a landing, 45–6; ingratitude to France, 52.
-,-, French suspect of coolness and inclination for peace, 46, 75; speak freely of peace, 51.
-,-, ardent desire for peace, 47, 78, 83, 94; French fears of rash action by, 52, 57, 62, 88.
-,-, tired of the war, 53, 87; moves to facilitate peace. 56; Charles professes desire for peace with, 65, 97.
-,-, England likely to make peace with, 54; English efforts to detach from France, 59, 62.
-,-, alarm about English landing in, 56:
-,-, English fleet blockades ports, 56; consternation in at Vlie burning, 60, 63.
-,-, Spain pleased to see at grips with England, 57; Spain dislikes dependence on France, 59.
-,-, easy to detach from France, 59; in no case to make peace without France, 62.
-,-, English will not lay down arms till destroyed, 61; English will only treat with in London, 63.
-,-, French financial assistance for, 62; French send troops to help, 63.
-,-, Orange faction active and powerful in, 63, 65, 78; dissensions increase, 67; Louis informed of, 74.
-,-, letter of Charles circulated in, 65; Charles ready to treat with, if send to London, 68; Florence unwilling to offend because of France, 69.
-,-, French mistrustful of and threaten, 73, 75; indignation against France over Beaufort, 75, 78, 82.
-,-, inquiring into affair of Buat, 74; internal affairs not going well, 87.
-,-, money promised by France not paid to, 78; dissatisfaction with proceedings of France, 88.
-,-, trying to get England to accept neutral place for negotiations, 79; would have gone to England but for France, id.
-,-, piqued at refusal of parliament to listen to peace negotiations, 86.
-,-, strength reduced by war, France alone profits, 88; French measures to make good promises to, 95.
-,-, regard Swedish attack on Bremen unfavourably, 95, 109; Bremen settlement great advantage for, 110.
-,-, should combine to prevent Genoa trading at Porte, 96.
-,-, English determination to continue war with, 96; Spain thinks French party in will prevent peace, 97; unlikely to make peace without France, 109.
-,-, Lisola to interpose in differences of, 100; not asking Sweden to take sides, 131.
-,-, Charles reproves for lack of desire for peace, 101; feeling more embittered than ever, 103.
-,-, discuss permits for herring fishing, and naval preparations, 102.
-,-, encouraged by expectation of French help, 103; got little satisfaction from hiring ships to French, 107.
-,-, Vienna would like to separate from France, 107; French aim to stop any negotiations with England, 109; always ready for adjustment, 114.
-,-, efforts for peace, ruin certain if troubles continue, 110; must send to London, for peace discussions, 113.
-,-, suspect Louis of intention to win sea power from, 111; Castel Rodrigo tries to alarm about French, 116.
-,-, efforts to prevent Swedish attack on Denmark, 114; English hope to distract by troubles in Germany, 120.
-,-, would have to suffer attack on Flanders, if peace between England and France, 116; excitement in at reported French mission to England for peace, 118.
-, 1667:
-,-, desire in for peace with England, 121, 126; watching operations of Lisola, 125.
-,-, seize Flemish ships and goods at Flushing, 122; persons entering to be searched, 147.
-,-, fear of surprise attack on by English, 126; fear of landing by Heemskerk in, 137.
-,-, Louis formally allows trade with, but discountenances purchase of goods from, 133.
-,-, Charles expresses good will to, 134, 153; Charles ready for peace with but will not agree to any advantage for France, 155.
-,-, steadfastness in French alliance protested, 137; expected to be obliged to abandon pretensions in interest of French alliance, 141.
-,-, might be ready to accept Austrian minister at congress, 138; Provinces differ about the place for congress, 144.
-,-, reported successes in Indies, 141.
-,-, expect to reap advantages by war as well as by peace negotiations, 141; will not listen to more negotiations if matters not settled before fleet sails, 143.
-,-, in great apprehension over French attack on Flanders, 142; serious damage impending for. 152.
-,-, send passports for English ambassadors, 148; difficulties about appointment of deputies for congress, 150.
-,-, consider imperial interference will prolong matters, 150; would like to see interests of Austria secured, 155.
-,-, proposed alliance with France and Denmark to overawe England, 153; Danish pretensions will not please if hinder peace, 157.
-,-, try to dissuade Louis from attack on Brabant, 159; France played with, from beginning of the war, 161.
-,-, Melo goes as ambassador to, 160; Spaniards count on bringing over to their side, 166.
-,-, Swedes ask England not to sign peace with before Dona's negotiations concluded, 161; desire speedy conclusion of peace, 162; surmount many difficulties, 168.
-,-, Munster ready to trouble if encouraged by France, 161; French constrain to give way on difficult points, 165.
-,-, attack on discussed in Sweden, 161; relations with Sweden improved, 164.
-,-, assurances of Sweden to, 164–5; difficulties with Sweden under examination, 175.
-,-, fear of understanding between England and France, 165.
-,-, English say must take first steps about Flanders, 166; garrisoning fortresses on borders of Flanders and Brabant, 173.
-,-, French want to keep hold on by continuance of war, 166; French policy modified by success of, 173.
-,-, mean to tighten grip on England, 170–1, 173; English complain of action as treacherous, 171, 173.
-,-, rage of English against may drive into arms of France, 172.
-,-, great prestige from Medway affair, 174; impression made in Spain by, victory regretted there, 175.
-,-, with England could control affairs of Europe, 174–5; Spain waiting for declaration from, 183.
-,-, Gamarra offered to pay half of money claimed from, to English, 176; anxiety about fleet from Indies, 179, 181.
-,-, spurred by English naval activity to get ratification of peace, 179; ratification of expected, 180.
-,-, influenced by state of trade and position in Flanders, 179; jealousy of French constantly increasing, 182.
-,-, French secretly putting obstacles of every move of, 182; Castel Rodrigo represents union with as easy, 200.
-,-, French suspect of promoting opposition to them in Germany, 182; consider joint action with England to check France, 185; pope urged to move to resist France, 186.
-,-, English dislike making peace with, after humiliation, 194, 201.
-,-, Ostenders capture French ships sailing for, 194; waiting to see outcome of parliament, 196; disposed to help Spain if safe from England, 198; Spanish offers to, for help, 199.
-,-, Dona to set on foot negotiations with, 198; proposal to force peace on France and Spain, 200, 206.
-,-, cautious policy in view of feeling in England, 201; Venice desires levy of troops in, 203.
-, 1668:
-,-, Sweden and England do not favour aggrandisement of, 209; Charles has no influence with, 228.
-,-, Temple tells de Witt of French designs against, 209, 210; proposed partition of with England, 210; ambiguity of English policy with, 213.
-,-, Spain and Austria want to know attitude of, 210; Spain trying to prevent adjustment with England, 213; English treaty with injurious to Spain, 215.
-,-, treaty with arranged by Temple, 215; Surinam restored to, 227.
-,-, rivalry over Levant trade hinders help for Venice, 219; Venetian appeals to, for help, 218; Monk asks about help, 227; Arlington says will do nothing, only a trick to get Levant trade, 228; suspicions of English about, 249, 283, 310, 316.
-,-, claim against Portuguese for unpaid debt, 221.
-,-, Charles promises to do as much for Venice as, 229, 230, 284; waiting to follow example of Charles, 239, 289; hope that he will give example to, 251, 270, 288.
-,-, Lille would have opened to, but for religion, 233; Marchesini to return to, 242; to get help from, 255, 262.
-,-, France does not look on with friendly eye, 243; triple alliance approved in, 246; French efforts to rid of opposition of, 264.
-,-, observing mission of Colbert, but confident England will not listen to, 243; his mission intended to upset alliance with, 253, 272, 276, 312, 314.
-,-, suggestion to combine to force Turks out of Crete, 262, 286; desire to increase friendly relations with Venice, 277.
-,-, French policy directed against trade of, 263; increasing prosperity of, 271–2.
-,-, offer mediation about Danish duties at Sound, 264; Swedish clamour for subsidies causes anxiety to, 314.
-,-, opposition to Clarendon's return, 267; ready to include Swiss in alliance, 272.
-,-, desire to include dukes of Luneburg in alliance, 272, 306; permit embarcation of Luneburg troops, 302.
-,-, Venetian hopes of help from, 277, 285; forwardness to help Candia, 283.
-,-, Mocenigo desires promise from king to use with, 285; Mocenigo hints to Boreel that king ready to co-operate with, 285; Mocenigo becomes doubtful of good will of, 302; he does not hear what done in, 331.
-,-, declaration from Charles test of good will of, 294; Charles wants to know intentions of, 297; union of Charles with best means of helping Venice, 301.
-,-, dislike policy of Neidhart, 299.
-,-, attitude to Polish election, 299; urge Brunswick princes to keep peace, 306.
-,-, cost of peace between France and Spain to, 299; arrangement with Swiss, 327.
-,-, disposed to grant 2000 men for Candia, 302–3, 316; Temple to speak to about help for Venice, 303, 305; Candia waiting for help from, 311.
-,-, like to have negotiations conducted at Hague, 303, 307–8; union with England for succour is essential, 316.
-,-, Colbert stirs up English feeling against, 312; Danish admiral to go to about tolls at Sound, 332.
-,-, weather holds up letters from, 322; impossible to get declaration from Charles without concert with, 323–4.
-,-, Sweden claims pay of Spanish troops from, 325; proposal to pay Swedish claims, with England, 330.
-,-, Swedish claims would weaken, 326; supply Denmark with salt from Spain, 332.
-, army:
-,-, troops to march to Holsatia, 7; not proceeding, 24.
-,-, regiments for Munster war to be paid off, 139; twenty companies sent to Breda, 149; fresh levies for, 164.
-, fleet:
-,-, Beaufort to join, 1, 34; proposed combination with French and Danes, 17; French urge to meet Beaufort, 26; tardiness of Beaufort in joining, 45.
-,-, inactivity of, 1; squadron of forty one ships at sea, 6; comes out, 10, 11.
-,-, one portion of English fleet to fight, 7; in four days' battle, 14–17; send to pick up wrecks and stragglers, 19; captures by, 22–3.
-,-, deputies appointed to prevent irregularities in, 7; Monaco's opinion of inferiority of, 28.
-,-, goes to blockade Thames, 19, 31–2, 36, 40; causes perturbation in England, 36.
-,-, 45 ships at sea, 26; busy preparing for sea, 31; French impatient for news of, 36; French troops sent to help, 37.
-,-, English about to attack, 26, 40; weather drove from Thames awhile, 40.
-,-, new ships building for, 28–9; goods sent overland to avoid, 30, 40; frigates sent to Jutland to search ships, 37.
-,-, reinforcements constantly reaching, 36; force increased to ninety, 40.
-,-, captures three scouts, 40; still off English coast, 46; English come out to fight, 49, 50.
-,-, Charles writes that about to engage, 40; renewed engagement with, 49, 50; tactics in battle, 49; flight of, 52.
-,-, French ready to succour with land forces only, 45; promise that Beaufort will soon join, 52.
-,-, Dutch feeling heavy cost of, 47; busy repairing, 56; not ready, short of sailors, 60.
-,-, Tromp dismissed from, 61; English withdraw to give opportunity to come out, 63.
-,-, French not altogether pleased at approaching junction with, 61; English may attack before junction, 64.
-,-, Bellefonds reports in excellent condition, 63; to go and meet Beaufort, 63.
-,-, two frigates burn English ships at Gluckstat, 68.
-,-, reported engagement with English, 68; victory over celebrated at Florence, 69.
-,-, attacks English at disadvantage, 71; wind stops fight and scatters, 72.
-,-, French urge to enter Channel and meet Beaufort, 72, 75; French mistrust of readiness to help Beaufort, 73.
-,-, not to go beyond Boulogne, 73; ordered to withdraw to port, 78.
-,-, in bad condition, 78; de Witt takes over command of, 86; English fleet ordered to meet, 87.
-,-, Beaufort allows ships of, in his squadron, to go home, 82; proposed arrangements for co-operation with French, 102.
-,-, sent out to convoy merchantmen, 86; returns to port, 92.
-,-, expected to make for Thames, 86; squadron sent against Gothenburg convoy, 99.
-,-, reinforcements promised for, 103; to be increased to 130 ships, 138; active work upon, 145, 147.
-,-, ships preparing for winter convoy, 106.
-,-, expected junction of Danish squadron with, 106, 169; French fleet will not join, 156.
-,-, proposal to go and blockade Thames, 138; demands of States for equipment of, 141.
-,-, difficulties over equipment of, make for peace, 144; Estrades informed that ready for sea, 146.
-,-, gathering at Texel, 147; crosses sea 71 ships strong, 164.
-,-, squadron under Ghent to seek out English off Plymouth, 156.
-,-, French urged to unite with, 165; sails for Thames, 168; attack on Tilbury abandoned, 170.
-,-, raid on Medway, 170; effect in England, 172, 194; blockading Thames, 174, 181; Clarendon held responsible for success, 184.
-,-, reinforcements sent to, 172; detains Ostend ships with English troops, but lets go, 175.
-,-, squadron goes to meet returning E. Indiamen, 175.
-,-, Smith evades squadron of in North, 177; Ghent's squadron in North, 181.
-,-, ship captured off Africa, 181; five ships arming, for W. Indies, 201.
-,-, 40 ships kept ready, might be sent to Levant, 218; about to join English, curiosity about employment, 221.
-,-, escorting munitions to Candia, 283.

-, ships of. See ships, Dutch.

-, States General of:

appoint deputies to supervise fleet, 7; order thanksgiving for victory, 19; remonstrate with Gamarra about powder supplied to English fleet, 28.

decision to build six great ships, 28; instructed Ruyter not to hazard fleet, 52.

hesitate about allowing ships to sail for Muscovy, 37; Utrecht reports peace feeler to, 46.

remonstrate about tardiness of Beaufort, 45; mean to escape from predicament at any price, 51.

considering subsidy for Luneburg princes, 51; Swedish agent offers mediation to, 53.

Vlie disaster through neglect of orders of, 60; French inform of Beaufort's coming, 62.

reconcile Ruyter and Tromp, dismiss Tromp, 61.

in difficulties through activity of Orange party, 63.

offer to restore body of Lord Berkeley, 65; letter in reply to Charles, 65n, 73–4.

displeased at prohibition of cloth in France, 65; likely to send resident to Florence, 69.

arrangement of Bellefonds with about Beaufort, 73; left Ruyter sole direction of fleet, 75.

ordered fleet to return to port, 78; ordered Ruyter to sea, on news of fire, 81.

send to France for renewing alliance, 82; French pledge of help to, 87–8.

send out fleet to bring in merchantmen, 86; order to prevent merchantmen sailing, 103.

letter of Charles to, 101; letter of in reply, 103; not yet answered, 131.

appoint deputation to listen to Swedish proposals for peace, 101; told to send to London for discussions, 113.

Louis asks to facilitate purchase of ships, 109.

Denmark promises naval assistance to, 114; demands on Provinces and Amsterdam for equipment of fleet, 141.

inform van Beuninghen of reported French intrigues in England, 116; informed of peace mission to England, 118; Louis writes to, to remove impression, 121.

Gamarra remonstrates with, for seizure of Flemish ships, 122.

Swedish ambassadors urge to write to Charles about place for peace conference, 124; Charles sends civil reply to, 134, 137.

informed of plot for English to inflict severe blow, 126.

selection of Hague for congress announced to, 137; cool about Hague, likely to accept Dover, 139.

letter of Charles to, accepting Hague, 140; reply of about changing place, 141; Swedish mediators hold back letter of, 144.

in general inclined to peace, 144; letters of Charles to, on choice of Breda, 147, 152; send to Breda to prepare quarters, 149.

decide not to entertain deputies at Breda, 150.

letter of Charles causes division of opinion in, 152; division in about an attack, 164.

Estrades exhorts to peace, 157; distressed at tardiness of Swedish ambassadors, 159.

Brandenburg offers mediation to, 159; Estrades informs of reasons for attack on Brabant, 160–1; dangerous to show mistrust of France, 161; told that Louis will accept mediation, 165.

Denmark waiting for subsidies promised by, 164; think of presenting ultimatum to English deputies, 169; announce determination to conclude peace, 180.

question of offensive by fleet debated in, 170.

Cornelis de Witt representative of in fleet, 170n.

Gamarra shows French intercepted letters to, 184.

demand restitution of Surinam, 201; English well pleased with, 215.

letters of credence for Marchesini to, 203; passports from for Mocenigo, 213.

Marchesini to ask permission to cross to England, 219; ready to help Venice if England will, 228; Marchesini to urge to help even without England, 249.

test of, for refining saltpetre, 236.

mistrust of Colbert's mission, ordered Boreel to stay on, 277; Boreel has permission to return home, 320.

Boreel promises to ask commissions from, about pressure on Porte, 286; he does so, 294; asks to see king about, 297.

Temple to speak to about succour, 297; expecting to hear about negotiations with, 315.

will not leave London embassy vacant, 325.

-, Spanish. See Flanders.

Neuburg, Neoborgo, Count Palatine of. See Philip William.

Neufolc. See Howard Thomas, duke of Norfolk.

Neuport. See Nieuport.

Nevis, W. Indies, 189n.

New Amsterdam [New York], N. America: 159.
-, squadron from Zeeland takes, 158.

-, Belgium, N. America:

Surinam more valuable than, 227.

-, England, N. America:

French fear attack on St. Christophers from, 28.

Newmarket, co. Cambridge:
-, king goes off to, 305; king returning to for hunting, 310.

Nieuport, Neuport [W. Flanders, Belgium]:
-, French talk of sending squadron to, 165; English demand cession of, 195.
-, French offer to hand to England, 210; French claim, 233.

Nightingale, royal navy:
-, to convoy stores from Gothenburg, 99n; escort for Gothenburg ships, 124n.

Nithard. See Neidhart.

Nointel, Naiantel, Naiental, Sieur do:
-, brings Louis news of N. Foreland battle, 17, 22.

Noiset, a Frenchman:
-, arrested for enticing away silk weavers, 300; released at Colbert's request, 313.

Nordsbury (?), 9.

Nore, River Thames, Dutch fleet at, 175n.

Norfolk, duke of. See Howard, Thomas.

Normandy, France:
-, troops sent to, 13; troops of, sent to coast, 73.
-, ports of not commodious enough for fleet, 79; frequently raided by English cruisers, treasonable practices discovered in, 92.

North Foreland, co. Kent:
-, Rainbow gets back to, 19n; St. Patrick captured off, 141n.
-, battle of, 14–17, 24:
-,-, French satisfaction over, 17; disputes about, 22; letter of Estrades about, 31.
-,-, Dutch rejoicing over, 17–19; at Brussels, leads to riot, 32.
-,-, estimate of English losses, reasons for reverse, 22–3; Sandwich,minimises losses in, 34.
-,-, prince of Monaco gives experiences in, 27–8.
-,-, Swedish ambassadors celebrate as English victory, 28; Finch celebrates as victory at Florence, 34.
-,-, Ostend supplied English with gunpowder during, 28; result regretted in Spain, 33; French advantages from, 37.
-,-, Louis claims as Dutch victory, 34; battle referred to, 42.
-,-, quarrels at Leghorn about celebrating, 44; Dutch resent absence of Beaufort from, 59.

-, Holland, Netherlands:

Admiralty of, States demand contribution for fleet from, 141.

-, Sea, German Ocean:

Dutch fleet sent to convoy ships through, 86.

-, ships for Holland take long route by, 32.
-, English attack on Dutch ships in, 157.
-, ship of, 170.

Norwich, royal navy, in action at Martinique, 189n.

Norwood, Col. Henry, deputy governor of Tangier:
-, refuses to release French tartanas, 192n; Algerians complain of and ask removal, 249; Taffilet sends request for ambassador by, 327.

Novion, Sieur de. See Potier, Nicolas.