Venice: March 1531

Pages 277-278

Calendar of State Papers Relating To English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 4, 1527-1533. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1871.

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March 1531

March 3. Sanuto Diaries, v. liv. p. 474. 657. The Mantuan Ambassador to the Duke of Mantua.
The Emperor quitted Brussels on the 14th (February?), remained two days at Louvain, and two at Mechlin, and then came hither to Antwerp, departing this day at noon for Ghent. As usual with him when travelling, nothing has been negotiated, and at Mechlin, where an opportunity was expected, the man of business (l'homo di negotio) was unable to speak to him because he was constantly occupied about certain municipal affairs of that city, and with the inspection of the effects left by the Lady Margaret, which are many and of great value.
Neither would his Majesty transact any business here at Antwerp, where ambassadors have arrived from the Count Palatine and the Archbishop of Mentz, to request the Emperor not to issue (fulminare) the Imperial ban against the Lutheran Princes, as they might yet recant (recognoscere); and in the meanwhile the mediators will not fail to persuade them.
The King of England has published a pragmatical decree (una pragmatica) throughout his kingdom, prohibiting anybody from holding more than one benefice, the collation of which benefices he chooses to be in the hands of the chapters of the cathedrals, but the chapters are to confer them according to his nomination.
Antwerp, 3rd March 1531. Registered by Sanuto 9th May.
March 4. Sanuto Diaries, v. liv. v. 465. 658. Lodovico Falier to the Signory.
The King, on assembling the Parliament, had read to them all the counsel's opinions obtained in Italy and elsewhere, concerning the divorce from the Queen; and all come to the conclusion that it should be granted; and one Marco Rafael, a renegade Jew, well known to the Signory, (fn. 1) and who is now in London, has also given an opinion, and is in very great favour with the King.
London, 4th March 1531. Registered by Sanuto, 5th May.
March 6. Senato Mar. v. xxii. p. 49, tergo. 659. Embassy to England.
Motion made by the sages of the Council, the sages for the mainland, and the sages for the Orders:
Not to delay the despatch of the nobleman Carlo Capello, appointed ambassador to the King of England.
Put to the ballot,—That to Ser Carlo be given as subsidiary prepayment of salary for four months—at the rate of 140 golden ducats per month—560 golden ducats.
Also for the beasts of burden, 150 ducats, at the rate of 6 livres and 4 soldi per ducat; for the secretary, 50 ducats as a gift; for coverings and trunks, 30 ducats; and for two couriers, at 20 ducats each, 40 ducats.
The aforesaid ambassador to take with him silver utensils worth 400 ducats, at the risk of the Signory.
Ayes, 92. Noes, 61. Neutrals, 8.
March 20. Parti Comuni, Consiglio X. v. vii. (liv.) p. iii. tergo. 660. Embassy to England.
Motion made in the Council of Ten and Junta:—
To be given to the nobleman Carlo Capello, ambassador elect to the King of England, salary for four months, at the rate of 140 golden ducats per month, 560 golden ducats; also 150 ducats for the purchase of beasts of burden, at the rate of 6 livres and 4 soldi per ducat; also to the secretary 50 ducats, at the rate of 6 livres and 4 soldi per ducat; and for coverings and trunks 30 ducats, ut supra; also for two couriers, 20 ducats each, 40 ducats, ut supra.
On the expiration of three months after his departure, the treasurer to give from month to month to the ambassador's agent here, 140 golden ducats for one month's salary in advance, so that the Signory may incur no loss from the exchange on this account. Also to defray the cost of couriers, boats, escorts, and guides, he is to receive 200 golden ducats. Should he have occasion to spend more than the said 200 ducats, to send his account, to be paid by the cashier of the Council.
Ayes, 28. Noes, 3. Neutrals, 0.
March 28. Sanuto Diaries, v. liv. p. 404. 661. Antonio Surian to the Signory.
Letters from England, notifying the King's command that nothing be ever again referred to Rome; (fn. 2) and he has indeed caused a certain Archbishop of . . . . . to be, as it were, Pope, and to issue bulls.
Rome, 28th March. Registered by Sanuto, 1st May.


  • 1. In the year 1548, the Venetian secretary, Alvise Borgi, in a paper presented to the Council of Ten, concerning cipher, alludes to a pension granted some years previously by the Signory to Marco Rafael, for having invented a certain sort of invisible ink, the cha racters traced in it being brought to light by heating the paper on which they were written, or steeping it in water, or rubbing it with burnt paper or gum, or some metallic substance. I do not know whether the name of Marco Rafael appears on the English list of writers in favour of the divorce.
  • 2. “Che niuna cosa andasse più a Roma.”