Venice: September 1601

Pages 472-474

Calendar of State Papers Relating To English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 9, 1592-1603. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1897.

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September 1601

Sept. 3. Original Despatch, Venetian Archives. 1013. Marin Cavalli, Venetian Ambassador in France, to the Doge and Senate.
It is still thought that the King's journey to Calais was to encourage the garrison of Ostend, for which reason also the Queen of England has come to Dover. If the King could find a good excuse for declaring war he would most probably do so.
Paris, 3rd September 1601.
[Italian; the part in italics deciphered.]
Sept. 9. Original Despatch, Venetian Archives. 1014. Marin Cavalli, Venetian Ambassador in France, to the Doge and Senate.
The King is at Calais with almost all the nobility of France. He spends the time in the chase ; but he is advised from moment to moment of all that takes place at Ostend. The Duke d'Aiguillon (Ghilion) has gone to the Archduke, and the Marshal de Biron to the Queen of England. She has raised twelve thousand men in England and done all she could to help Ostend, in order to leave herself free to deal with the Earl of Tyrone's rebellion in Ireland. He was almost reduced, but the reinforcement of four thousand infantry sent by the King of Spain will enable him to give considerable trouble still to the Queen.
Paris, 9th September 1601.
Sept. 15. Original Despatch, Venetian Archives. 1015. Marin Cavalli, Venetian Ambassador in France, to the Doge and Senate.
The Duke of Lennox, of the house of Stuart, Ambassador Extraordinary of the King of Scotland, has been received twice by his Majesty. His first audience was merely complimentary, to offer congratulations on the Kind's marriage. In the second he sought the renewal of the capitulations which previous sovereigns of Scotland have made with this crown. The Kings of Scotland and of France have had this reciprocal obligation to assist one another with ten thousand men in case of war. This obligation began under the Dukes of Burgundy. The Kings of France, who have had frequent wars, required this alliance, and now, though the position of affairs is altered, the King still wishes to continue it. If that is effected the Ambassador is instructed to engage the King's assistance for his master, that the Queen of England may name him heir to the throne.
Paris, 15th September 1601.
Sept. 22 Original Despatch, Venetian Archives. 1016. Giovanni Mocenigo, Venetian Ambassador in Rome, to the Doge and Senate.
The King of France's journey to Calais is thought to hide some other design than the inspection of the forts; possibly to hearten the people of Ostend, for which purpose the Queen of England has gone to Dover. There are many bets on the fate of Ostend.
Rome, 22nd September 1601.
Sept. 29. Original Despatch, Venetian Archives. 1017. Marin Cavalli, Venetian Ambassador in France, to the Doge and Senate.
Marshal de Biron is expected every day on his return from England. He has fulfilled his mission, which, as I am assured, was merely complimentary. The Marshal had a suite of one hundred gentlemen of quality, (fn. 1) among them, incognito, the Count d'Auvergne. At Dover, opposite Calais, they had to prepare two hundred and fifty post horses. The Embassy could not be more magnificent, both on account of the Ambassador, who is a very great personage, and on account of its size; and we wait to hear what honours were paid it.
Morette, 29th September 1601.


  • 1. Cf. Calendar of State Papery. Domestic. 1601–1603, pp. 94, 107–113.