BHO

Index: E

Pages 587-596

Calendar of State Papers Relating To English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 9, 1592-1603. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1897.

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Citation:

E

Edmondes, Thomas, Agent (1597) of England in France, 641;

letter from, on treaty of Vervins, 689;

interview with, 695;

his audience with Henry IV., 696;

expected (1600) in Flanders, 839, 840;

arrives, 844, 848;

his audiences with the Archduke Albert, 851;

his proposals under consideration in Spain, 852;

exchanges civilities with Spanish minister in Paris, 854;

returns to England, 855;

at Brussels, 869, 876;

returns home, 881;

employed about the peace, 883, 905;

sent (1601) to watch Scottish embassy in France, 1007;

negotiates with Henry IV. for relief of Ostend, 1019.

Edward VI. of England, 1143.

Effingham, Lord. See Howard, Charles.

Egerton, Thomas, Lord Keeper, his signature to treaty with Dutch, 773;

waited on, by Venetian Agent, 1132.

El' Arisch, 497, 580, 589.

Elizabeth of England (1592), letters to and from Sultan of Turkey, 20, 89, 96, 114.

-, -, her reported illness, 34.

-, -, siege of Rouen pressed to please, 72, 88.

-, -, claim by James VI. to be acknowledged her heir, 77.

-, -, fans discord between France and Spain, 95.

-, -, sends special embassy to Henry IV., 97;

recommends him to declare himself Roman Catholic, 107.

-, (1593), parallel drawn by Pope between, and Henry IV., as to their religious professions, 130.

-, -, forbids employment of English troops on sieges in France, 157.

-, -, council held by, as to despatch of troops to France and Netherlands, 175.

-, sends ambassador to Germany, to offer mediation with Turks, 182, 190, 191.

-, -, urged by Turks to prosecute war, 189.

-, -, presses Turks to keep peace with Empire, and to make war on Spain, 190, 197, 201.

-, -, indignant at Henry IV.'s conversion, without her previous knowledge, 216, 230, 238, 254.

-, -, presents arrive from, at Constantinople, 218, 221.

-, -, attitude of Henry IV. towards, 229, 232, 239, 241, 254.

-, (1594), embassy from, to Henry IV., 254.

-, -, voices Huguenot grievances, 255.

-, -, promises troops to Henry IV., 256.

-, -, her illness, 258, 275.

-, -, conspiracy (Lopez') to poison, 261, 274.

-, -, her support promised to Emperor, 275.

-, -, recommends Henry IV. to summon Prince de Cond to Court, 300.

-, -, her negotiations with Henry IV. for foothold in Brittany, 309, 320, 322.

-, -, Spanish plot to assassinate, donounced by her to Archduke, 314.

-, (1595), her vigorous action in Frauce and Flanders against Spain, 327.

-, -, her coolness towards Henry IV., 338.

-, -, Spanish expectations from her decease, 369.

-, -, offers aid to Henry IV., 370,

recalls her troops, 376.

-, -, about to regulate succession to throne, 379.

-, (1594), demands Dunquerque, as price of aid to France, 380.

-, -, French mission to, 376,

ill received, 383;

renewed, 983, 384, 385, 390, 397.

-, -, her perplexity, qu Continental politics, between Lord Burghley's and (Lord Essex's) advice, 384.

-, (1596), special mission from, to Henry IV., 397, 398.

-, -, desirous of truce with Spain, to end days in peace, 399.

-, -, her distrust of Henry IV., 403;

her negotiations with him, 403, 410;

Calais lost, while she haggles over terms with him, 428, 431, 433, 590;

sends aid for its recapture, 433, 441.

-, -, her peace negotiations with Spain, 441.

-, -, treaty between, and Henry IV. signed, 449, 464, 468.

-, -, despatches Cadiz expedition, 449;

proclamation concerning, 454, 459.

-, -, her anger at ill-timed assertion of claim by English Admiral, that Dutch should strike their flag to him, 458.

-, -, Philip II.'s passionate hatred towards, 473,

-, -, her Spanish policy, report of conversation on, with Duke de Bouillon, 483.

-, -, claims the same honours for her Ambassador in France, as those paid to the Ambassador of the Bishop of Rome, 490.

-, -, store set by, on retention of Ireland, 502.

-, -, her policy of starving Spain, 504.

-, -, personal description of, by noble Venetian, 505.

-, -, resents Henry IV.'s refusal to allow English to attempt recovery of Calais, 569, 575, 590.

-, (1597), reply to, from Venetian Senate, touching trade with Spain, 581.

-, -, Earl of Essex's attempt to force her hand, as to Calais, 586.

-, -, holds Huguenots as threat over Henry IV., 592, 641.

-, -, her hatred of the House of Guise, 601.

-, -, French Embassy to, 633, 637, 646, 651, 656, 713.

-, -, enters protest against peace negotiations at Vervins, 656 her attitude to treaty concluded there, 688, 695, 701.

-, (1598), her supposed leanings to Rome, 703.

-, (1598), disposed to peace with Spain, 704, 712, 713.

-, -, question of her successor, 709, 712.

-, -, her regard for her honour, 716, 868.

-, -, her pledge not to desert the Dutch, 719.

-, -, divisions in her Council on question of peace, or war, 724, 729, 733.

-, -, stays hostilities, to facilitate peace negotiations with Spain, 742.

-, -, her anger with Earl of Essex, on his refusal to proceed to Ireland, 743.

-, -, her negotiations, vi Flanders, for peace with Spain, 756, 758, 759, 760, 778, 786, 788, 789, 793, 802.

-, -, plot by Philip II. to assassinate, detected, 758.

-, -, prepares fleet against Spain, on representations of Earl of Essex, 760.

-, -, her reported illness, and recognition of her successor, 770.

-, -, her promise of aid to Dutch, in event of success in Ireland, 777.

-, (1599), her dread of Spanish proffers of peace, as cloak for renewed attack, 778, 793.

-, -, reported to be really desirous of peace with Spain, 796.

-, -, her decease, though in excellent health, expected, 800.

-, -, uses peace negotiations with Spain, vi Flanders, the better to suppress Irish rebellion, 760, 802, 832, 884.

-, -, suspicious of objects of French Embassy to Scotland, 809.

-, -, reported demand of James VI., to be recognised as her heir, 810.

-, -, personally present with troops near London, to oppose Spanish, 815.

-, -, dreads rising in England, 815,

in connexion with nomination of successor, 820.

-, -, peace desired by, for leisure to determine succession, 834.

-, (1600), refuses to desert Dutch, by surrender of fortresses to Spain, 842, 867, 868, 873, 883.

-, -, her sentiments towards Earl of Essex, 844, 851.

-, -, her reported clemency to Roman Catholic prisoners, 850.

-, -, her ill health, 870, 889, 900.

-, her jealousy of Henry IV., his request to her for hand of Arabella Stuart, 883.

-, -, recalls Commissioners from Congress of Boulogne, on refusal of precedence by Spain, 907.

-, -, death of, reported, 912.

-, -, seeks loan from Venice, 917.

-, (1601), reported to be inclined to continue peace negotiations with Spain, 947, 964, 968, 1010, 1020, 1023.

-, -, receives Persian Embassy, feeble and tottering, but decked out royally, 958.

-, -, makes her will, and nominates Henry IV. her executor, as reported, 958.

-, -, her alarm at Essex's rebellion, 965;

suspects Dutch and Spanish instigation, 990, 995.

-, -, claim by James VI. to be recognised her heir, 973, 975,

to be naturalized as English, 996;

his Spanish negotiations to this end, 1001.

-, -, suspects Henry IV. of abetting Earl of Essex, 1006.

-, -, sets watch on Scottish Embassy to Henry IV., 1007.

-, -, her grievances against France, 1006, 1010.

-, -, analysis of her Continental policy, as affected by siege of Ostend, 1010.

-, -, arrives at Dover, to encourage besieged at Ostend, 1013, 1016.

-, -, negotiates with Henry IV. touching siege, 1019;

receives French Embassy at Basingstoke, 1020.

-, -, courtesy shown by, to noble Venetian, 1023.

-, -, resents Spanish invasion of Ireland during peace negotiations, 1027;

dismisses Flemish peace agent, 1029.

-, -, Spanish invasion undertaken, in expectation of her decease, 1025, 1035, (1602), 1083.

-, -, Henry IV. suggested as her successor, 1035.

-, -, her approximation to King James, 1036, 1043.

-, -, toleration shown by, to Papists, 1036,

its cause, 1077.

-, -, proposals for peace renewed to, by Archduke Albert, 1039, 1040, 1075.

-, -, reported offer by, to France, of Flushing and Brill, 1017.

-, -, her proposals to Pope for recall of Jesuits and toleration of Roman rite, 1061.

-, (1602), French and European gratitude to, for her resistance to Spain, 1075.

-, -, her advanced age, and real desire for peace, 1075;

motives of policy in treating for truce, 1097.

-, -, reported preference of, for a republic in England, 1077.

-, -, praise of her ability by Henry IV., 1079.

-, her progresses, 1092.

-, -, expectation of her decease, 1099.

-, -, declines truce with Spain, 1101.

-, -, her desire for a resident representative of Venice, 1105.

-, (1603), her intervention on behalf of Duke de Bouillon and Huguenots, 1111, 1129.

-, -, kept informed of negotiations for peace between Flanders and Netherlands, 1130.

-, -, her person, audience with, &c., described in Scaramelli despatches, 1132, 1135.

-, -, her treasure confined to her jewels, 1136.

-, -, steady refusal of, to abandon Dutch, 1142.

-, -, restoration by, of goods to Venetian merchants, 1142.

-, -, kinship to, of claimants to Crown, 1143.

-, -, Genevan appeal to, 1154, 1158, 1162.

-, -, ill disposed to aggrandizement of Dutch at expense of Flanders, 1154, 1159.

-, -, eager for Franco-Protestan league against House of Austria, 1157.

-, -, her anger with Arabella Stuart, 1159, 1162, 1166.

-, -, regret of, for Essex's death, 1162, 1169.

-, -, nature of her illness, 1162, 1164, 1167.

-, -, her decease awaited, 1165, 1166.

-, -, her death, 1166, 1169, 1174, 1175, 1176.

-, -, appreciation of her career, 1169;

her religious instincts, 1169.

Elman, Charles, subject to Venetian jurisdiction in Constantinople, suit of English Ambassador against, 252, 262, 276 289, 290, 291, 292, 293, 294, 295, 298, 302, 341, 489, 523, 561.

-, William, 289, 489.

Emanuel, Don, Prince of Portugal, son of Don Antonio, his marriage to sister of Count Maurice, 642, 649, 668;

his designs on Portugal, 685.

Embden in Frisia, conference at, to regulate Norwegian fisheries, 883.

Engine of War, invented by Sicilian Capuchin, 21.

England (1592), reinforcements from, for Henry IV. at Rouen, 1, 8.

-, -, Spanish fleets harassed by, 3, 6, 21, 50, 59, 84, 90, 93, 98, 100, 111, 112.

-, -, Turkish alliance sought by, against Spain, 5, 12, 13, 14, 83, 89, 92, 96, 114.

-, -, letters between Queen of, and the Porte, 20, 89, 96, 114,

-, -, reported destination of fleet of 34, 46.

-, -, Henry IV. reinforced from, 44, 49, 55.

-, -, ships captured by naval force from, at Rouen, 65, 66.

-, -, military exploit by troops from, near Rouen, 69.

-, -, reinforcements from, for Henry IV. at Caen, 69.

-, -, snips from, at Rouen and Dieppe, 78.

-, -, French coral fishery at Barbary, seized by, 82.

-, -, Alvaro Mendez's nephew leaves, to negotiate attack by Turks on Spain, 83.

-, -, Lisbon blockaded by, 84.

-, -, troops from, employed at Rouen, decline other service, 88.

-, -, linen and tin trade of, with Turkey, 96, 401.

-, -, Embassy from, to Henry IV., to urge prosecution of war, or to advertise Queen of terms of peace, 97.

-, -, Henry IV. reinforced from, 99, 102, 106.

-, -, schemes of Pope to hinder relations of, with Venice, 103, 109.

-, -, reinforcements from, for Flanders, 108.

-, -, English Roman Catholics resident in Venice, 109.

-, -, return of fleet of from Indies, 111.

-, -, English factory at Zante, 114.

-, (1593), reinforcements from, for Henry IV., landed in Brittany, 118.

-, -, fleet fitted out from, under Drake, 121.

-, -, commerce and ships of, under foreign flags, 125, 129, 147, 149, 161, 162, 163.

-, -, Portuguese commerce ruined by, 125.

-, -, Spanish pay drawn by Pietro, de' Medici, as a General in England, 126.

-, -, Turkish corn contract sought by, 127.

-, -, Spanish shipping harassed by, 129, 132, 137, 148, 152, 153, 234.

-, -, Henry IV. reinforced from, 135.

-, -, Spanish conspiracy against, in Scotland, 138.

-, -, troops from, at Dieppe, 142.

-, -, ehip leaves, with presents for Sultan, 145.

-, -, French mission to, to seek aid, 146.

-, -, allied with Turkey, for naval descents on Spain, 152.

-, -, Spanish coast threatened by, 153.

-, -, Henry IV. reinforced from, 157, 160, 166.

-, -, Havana to be attacked from, 158.

-, -, worsted by Spanish in action near Bordeaux, 166.

-, -, men and money sent from, to support James VI. in Scotland, 167.

-, -, English ships taken by Spanish, 171, 212.

-, -, troops despatched from, to Count Maurice, and against League, 175.

-, -, relations of, with Germany, qu Hanse towns and Turks, 182, 185, 187.

-, -, trade of, with Venice, 184.

-, -, English troops withdrawn from France, 200, 216.

-, -, Ambassador of, in Constantinople arrested and insulted, 213.

-, -, squadron from, in Spanish waters, 214.

-, -, truce between, and League, 216, 235.

-, -, presents sent from, to Sultan,218, 221.

-, -, truce desired by Spain with, in Flanders, and with Dutch, for prosecution of war with Henry IV., 226.

-, -, plague among troops of, at Dieppe, 230, 235.

-, -, English regard for Henry IV. checked by his conversion, 230.

-, -, Spanish design for invasion of, from France, 231, 251.

-, -, English naval success off Cascaes, 234.

-, -, loan offered by private persons in, to Henry IV., 239.

-, (1594), Henry IV. reinforced from, 243, 256.

-, -, recruiting in, by Dutch, 249.

-, -, efficiency of fire ships of, 251.

-, -, Peruvian pearl fishery sacked by English, 253.

-, -, Henry IV. cedes rock to, off Picardy, 254.

-, -, jealousy of Henry IV.'s success in, 255.

-, -, Henry IV. to be reinforced from, 256.

-, -, ravages of English fleet, off Lisbon, 257, 268, 280, 297.

-, -, threatened attack by, on Porlugal, 259, 268.

-, -, troops from, at Middelburg, 263,

in Holland, 265.

-, -, fleet sails from, for Havana, 280.

-, -, island off Spain sacked by English, 283.

-, -, gains and losses of, in Spanish waters, 288, 304, 320.

-, -, ships returning to, from Levant, beat off Spanish, 296.

-, -, Spanish treasure ship burnt by English corsairs, description of fight, 297, 299.

-, -, troops despatched from, to Brittany, 301, 306, 309.

-, -, dearth in, due to floods, 306.

-, -, Morlaix taken by, under agreement with Henry IV., 309, 320, 322, 338.

-, -, rumoured accord between, and Spain, 314, 338.

-, -, Moldavian revolt supported from, 319.

-, (1595), English troops in Brittany to be withdrawn, to suppress Irish rebellion, 322, 338, 376, 377.

-, -, capture of English Ambassador at Soissons, 329.

-, -, naval preparations of, against Spain, 337, 338, 342, 344, 345, 347, 360, 362, 364.

-, -, gold laden mules taken by English at Panama, 342.

-, -, threatened attack by, on Lisbon, 345.

-, -, Spanish treasure ship evades English fleet, 348.

-, -, Pernambuco sacked by, 355.

-, -, Spanish designs against, 356.

-, -, Prior of England, so-called, at Rome, 357.

-, -, visit of Thomas Arundell (Lord Arundell) to Prague, speculations as to cause, 359;

his return, 391.

-, -, commercial mission from, to Lower Germany, 359.

-, -, English fishermen captured by Spanish, 362.

-, -, fleet sails from, under Drake, 364, 373. See Drake.

-, -, three villages in (viz., Mouse-hole, Newlyn and Penzance), burnt by Spaniards from Brittany, 364, 373.

-, -, action between English under Earl of Cumberland and Portuguese ship, 369.

-, -, Scottish and English exiles ready for descent on, in event of Queen's decease, 369.

-, -, Spanish bribery in, 369.

-, -, reinforcements from, for Henry IV., 370, 372;

withheld on fall of Cambrai, 376.

-, -, mediates between Poland and Turkey, 371 (1596), 404.

-, -, English land in Trinidad, 373.

-, -, forces of, in Ireland, routed near Antrim, 376,

in Connaught, 378;

captured officers burnt as heretics by O'Neil, 378;

rebellion reported at an end, and exercise of Roman Catholic rite conceded, 383,

-, -, English repulse at Grand Canary, 378.

-, -, regulation of succession to throne in, 379.

-, -, designs of, on Dunquerque, 380, 386, (1596) 414.

-, -, Spanish armament against, 381, 384.

-, -, natives of, in Venice, 382.

-, -, French missions to, 376, 383, 384, 385, 390, 397.

-, -, Continental policy of, sketched, 384.

-, (1596), position of, in Flanders, 388, 398.

-, -, trade between, and Papal States, in alum, 394.

-, -, exchange of prisoners between, and Spain, 396.

-, -, free admission of English trading ships to Spanish ports demanded, 396. See Free Trade.

-, -, French Embassy to, 397.

-, -, threatened attack on English garrison in Ostend, 398.

-, -, Spanish invasion of, postponed, 398.

-, -, Roman Catholic plots in, 398.

-, -, trade of, with Turkey, 401, 427.

-, -, formal league between, France and United Netherlands, desired by Henry IV., 403.

-, -, English ship captured by Spanish, 413.

-, -, Philip II.'s title to Crown of, 414.

-, -, illness of English Ambassador in France, 415.

-, -, recall of troops of, from Netherlands, Cadiz expedition under Earl of Fssex prepared, 419.

-, -, danger to, from Spanish occupation of Calais, 423, 431. See Calais.

-, -, defeat of English with Drake by Spanish, 437, 438.

-, -, Boulogne required, as price of English aid to France, 441.

-, -, Henry IV. reinforced from, 445, 449, 468, 474.

-, -, formal treaty between, and France, 449, 455, 468, 474, 486, 522, 569.

-, -, Caliz expedition leaves, 449, 453,

proclamation touching, 454, 459,

Cadiz sacked by, 463, 466, 469, 470, 471, 473, 476,

subsequent movements of, 479, 480, 482, 485, 487, 492, 494, 498.

-, -, Dutch refusal to strike flag to, 458.

-, -, Roman Catholic gentlemen, English and Scottish, desert to enemy, when in action, 473.

-, -, Portuguese ship saved by English, 475.

-, -, French Embassy to, 487, 490, 503.

-, -, gain to, from sack of Cadiz, 488.

-, -, Garter mission from, to Henry IV., 490, 503, 504.

-, -, description of, by nobleVenetian, 505.

-, -, Spanish armada prepared against, 497, 498, 502, 506, 507,

its composition, 508. See Ireland.

-, -, contagious dysentery among English troops in France, 513.

-, -, treaty obligation of, for joint action with France, in Turkey, 514.

-, -, troops from, landed on Cape Verd Island, 519.

-, -, views of English Ambassador in France on European peace, 526.

-, -, preparations in, against Spain, 528 (1597), 531, 544, 548, 553, 557, 564, 569, 570, 572, 583, 589.

-, (1597), Portuguese Settlements on Congo, sacked by, 531.

-, -, ships from, treat with natives of Guyana, 531.

-, -, cloth trade of, with France, 536.

-, -, ships from, off Corunna, 538.

-, -, question of peace between, and Spain, 543.

-, -, the recovery of Calais by, from Spanish, disallowed by Henry IV., 549, 563, 586.

-, -, fleet leaves, for Spain, 566, 593.

-, -, determination in, to clear Brittany of Spanish, 566.

-, -, islands off San Domingo, captured by, 566.

-, -, English lordship of the sea, 566.

-, -, troops of, at Rouen, and question of Calais, 569, 575, 577, 586.

-, -, Polish Embassy to, 574.

-, -, aid from, to France, hindered by Irish rebellion, 575, 577.

-, -, Roman Catholic refugees from, land in Spain, 589.

-, -, Spanish barbarity to English sailors, 589.

-, -, ships of, at Marseilles, fire on Florentine galleys, at request of Duke of Guise, 596.

-, -, troops of, leave Rouen to besiege Amiens, 602, 604, 609.

-, -, fleet puts back to, under stress of weather, 603, 607.

-, -, joint. attack on, by France and Spain suggested, the Cardinal Archduke Albert to become King of, 606.

-, -, opposition of Hansa League to English Merchant Adventurers, 611 (1601), 1030. See Merchant Adventurers.

-, -, fleet from, off Spain, 612,

offers battle, 617,

sails for Azores, 617,

its movements, 618, 624, 625, 629, 633, 634, 635, 638,

returns home, 640, 642.

-, -, fleet from, off Porto Ricco, 618.

-, -, proposed action of, in Levant, in case of peace between Spain and Turkey, 622.

-, -, Ormuz trade of, 624.

-, -, Spanish attack on, imminent, 628,

delivered at Falmouth, 629, 629B, 630,

the design, 634, 638,

fails, 639.

-, -, troops of, in France, disbanded, 632;

their retention desired by Henry IV., 632, 633.

-, -, capture of nine Spanish ships by, 635.

-, -, arrest of English ships by Venetians, in Crete and Zante, 623, 636.

-, -, Venetian complaints of outrages by English in their waters, 641, 662, 671, 716, 758.

-, (1598), English ship, trading in currants, wrecked off Spain, 653, 654.

-, -, ships despatched from, to Brazil, 657.

-, -, negotiations of, with France, prior to treaty of Vervins between France and Spain, 648, 650, 651, 656, 661, 663, 664, 665, 667, 658, 669, 670, 671, 674, 675, 677, 681, 685, 686. See Vervins.

-, -, Embassy (Sir Robert Cecil and Ottiwell Smith) from, to France, 664, 668,

illness and death of their colleague, 668, 671,

their entry into, and fears for their safety in, Paris, 671;

proceed to Brittany, 674, 681, 684, 686;

their departure, 695.

-, -, commercial envoy from, to Germany, 673, 694;

dismissed 716.

-, -, Lisbon blockaded by English ships, under Earl of Cumberland, 679, 682, 685.

-, -, ships from, make their appearance in Mediterranean waters, 682.

-, -, effects of treaty of Vervins on English policy, 688, 689, 691, 695, 701.

-, -, coast defences of, put in order, 685, 691.

-, -, popular desire in, for peace with Spain, 695, 704, 709, 716.

-, -, Portugal harried by, 699, 708, 719, 725, 728, 732.

-, -, envoy from, to Holland, 704.

-, -, question of the succession in, Danish support of James VI.'s claims, 709, 712.

-, -, Dutch envoys to, 713, 716;

depart, 742.

-, -, question of peace between, and Spain, 717, 724, 729, 733, 742, 743.

- -, reinforcements despatched from, to Holland, 719.

-, -, reported truce between, and Spain, 726.

-, -, death of Lord Treasurer of, Lord Burghley, 729, 733, 738.

-, -, expedition from, under Earl of Cumberland, to Havana, 738,

sacks Porto Ricco, 741,

the effects, 744, 750, 751, 758,

-, -, terms of treaty between, and Dutch, 743, 745,

full text, 773.

-, -, growing trade of, in Levant, 748.

-, -, religious privileges for French Ambassador in, 750.

-, -, recruiting in, for Ireland, 750;

progress of rebellion there, 752, 758.

-, -, peace negotiations between, and Spain, vi Flanders, 756, 758, 759, 760, 778, 786, 788, 789, 793, 802, 807, 808.

-, -, execution in, of would be assassins of Queen, 758.

-, -, ambassador from, to France, appointed, 758, 781, 786, 790,

arrives there, 797.

-, -, Spanish preparations against, 759, 760, 763, 764, 767, 768;

counter preparations, 760, 763.

-, -, orders given in, for seizure of French ships bound for Spain with grain, 762;

French protest, 777;

order rescinded, 778.

-, (1599), fleet sails from, as supposed, for W. Indies, 763, 788, 792;

proves to be French, 795.

-, -, proposed exclusion of English woollen goods from France, 769;

dropped, 778.

-, -, death of Queen, and a disputed succession, counted on, in Rome, 770.

-, -, seizure in, of military stores, consigned to Spain, 775.

-, -, Spanish negotiations for truce upset by English Agent in Turkey, 776.

-, -, Earl of Essex leaves, to suppress Irish rebellion, 772, 777, 793, 794, 798;

one vessel of fleet lost, 797;

reported annihilation of expedition, 799, 802;

its success, 803, 804.

-, -, aid from, for Dutch, 777.

-, -, French shipping seized by English in peace time, the booty shared among great persons in, 781.

-, -, claims of House of Stanley to crown of, 791.

-, -, Genoese taking soundings in harbours of, detected, 797.

-, -, naval operations of, jointly with Dutch, off Spain, 798, 799, 801;

Cascaes sacked, 801.

-, -, Spanish attack on, in Ireland, ready, 805, 807, 809.

-, -, presents from, reach Constantinople on Hector, 806, 814, 821.

-, -, spread of English trade in Levant, at expense of Venetian, 806, (1600) 849.

-, -, Agent of, in Turkey, Henry Lello, confirmed as Ambassador, 806, 814,

received by Sultan, his character, 821.

-, -, protest of, against use of Brest harbour by Spanish fleet, 807, 815.

-, -, Dutch and English fleet assembled at Plymouth, and troops near London, to resist Spanish, 807, 809, 815.

-, -, Ireland, the Englishman's grave, 807, see also 803 and 851;

continuance of rebellion in, 810.

-, -, reported outrage by Ambassador of, in Scotland, on Scottish Baron, 813.

-, -, use of church in Galata for his chaplain requested by English Ambassador in Constantinople, 817, 821;

Ambassador's reception by Sultan, and quarrel with French Ambassador, 821, 825.

-, -, reported cession to, by Sultan of port on Barbary coast, 818.

-, -, revolutionary movement in, 815, 820, 826.

-, -, renewed Spanish negotiations with, vi Flanders, leading to the Conference of Boulogne, 822, 824, 830, 832, 835; (1600) 837, 838, 839, 840, 841, 842, 844, 845, 848, 850, 851, 852, 853, 854, 855, 860, 862, 863, 865, 866, 867, 868, 869, 870, 873, 876, 880, 881, 883, 884, 885, 891, 893, 897, 898, 899, 900, 902, 905, 907, 909, 910, 915.

-, -, negotiations by Earl of Essex on behalf of, with Earl of Tyrone, 822;

his concessions, qu religion, to Irish, and return home without leave, his consequent arrest, 824, 827, 830, 831, 832, 833, 839, 844, 851.

-, -, presents for Queen despatched from Turkey, with Secretary of Embassy there, 829.

- -, Scottish embassy to Spain, touching succession to English throne, 834.

-, -, Dutch notification to, of their refusal to negotiate with Spain, 835.

-, (1600), Prince Sigismund of Transylvania visits, 836.

-, -, mission from, to Flanders, of Secretary Edmondes. See Edmondes.

-, -, fresh quarrel of English and French Ambassadors in Turkey, 846, 849.

-, -, mortality among troops of, in Ireland, 851, 852.

- -, Lord Mountjoy appointed to succeed Earl of Essex in Ireland, 851.

-, -, conference of Boulogne arranged between, and Spain, 854.

-, -, Venetian ship seized by English, 858, 859,

Venetian retaliation, 859, see also 1105.

-, -, Spanish confidence in peace negotiations with, 865,

shaken, 871.

-, -, damage done by ships of, in Provenal waters, 869.

-, -, fleet sails from, 870,

for Ireland, 871.

-, -, English pirates in Levant, 878. See Piracy.

-, -, names of commissioners for conference of Boulogne, 881.

-, -, four conditions of peace with, laid down by Archduke Albert, English counterclaims, 883.

-, -, free trade demanded by, in East and West Indies, in accordance with right of nations, 876, 833.

-, -, Arabella Stuart's pretensions to crown of, 883.

-, -, Norwegian fisheries, conference between, and Denmark as to, 883.

-, -, ships of, arrested in Candia, 886, 887, 890.

-, -, English an accursed race, so described by Venetian Ambassador in Turkey, 887, 941.

-, -, ships built by, called Bertoni, 887 note, 923, 941.

-, -, relations of Denmark, Scotland and Spain suspected in, 889, 1001.

-, -, Venetian memorial to, on Levantine trade, sequestration of shipping, piracy, and neutral bottoms, 895, 896;

reply, as to neutrals, 986.

-, -, Spanish galleons repulsed by English, at Gibraltar, 897.

-, -, Vidala seized by English in Levant, 901.

-, -, Turkish enquiry into English piracy in Levant, 903, 923, 931, 932.

-, -, precedence claimed by, at Congress of Boulogne, 905;

English commissioners recalled on Spanish refusal, 907.

-, -, Venetian loan invited by, 917,

declined, 929.

-, -, re-opening of Boulogne Congress suggested to, 917,

reciprocated by, 920;

proposition renewed, 947, 964, 968,

declined, 982,

renewed, 1010, 1020, 1023, 1025, 1029, 1039.

-, -, ministers in, bribed by Spain, as alleged, to make peace, 921.

-, -, Venetian ambassador instructed secretly to abet French in securing total exclusion of English from Turkish waters, 923, 950.

-, -, Spanish offer to, re East Indian trade, twelve English ships to be permitted to sail to Indies yearly, 923.

-, -, description of military equipment of English 6hips in Levant, 931, 950.

-, -, capitulations between, and Turkey, unratified, 931;

their history, 936, 950, 963, 969, 976.

-, -, Persian Embassy received in, English ambassador leaves with, 958.

-, -, Earl of Essex's rebellion in, 965;

his execution, 968, 971;

consequent agitation, 973, 975;

a result of Spanish, 982,

of Dutch, intrigue, 990,

disproved, 996, 1006.

-, (1601), renewed Spanish designs for invasion of, 967;

precautions against, 971, 975;

Spanish intrigues in, 982, 990.

-, -, Venetian vessel destroyed by English at Algiers, 976, 977, 978.

-, -, mission to, from Grand Duke of Tuscany, 982, cf. 1059.

-, -, vigorous action by, to stop piracy by Englishmen in Levant, 986, 987, 988, 1154.

-, -, Spanish fleet and troops prepared for attack on, in Ireland, 991, 994, 999, 1002, 1009;

troops landed there, 1014, 1023, 1024, 1025, 1028, 1029, 1032, 1035, 1036, 1043, 1046, 1047;

their defeat, 1048, 1049, 1050, 1051, 1052, 1053, 1054, 1056, 1057, 1058, 1061, 1068, 1069, 1072, 1073, 1087.

-, -, allied Dutch and English fleet sails from, for Indies, 996.

-, -, Spanish sequestration of English goods, 998, 1005.

-, -, French shipping pillaged by English, 1000.

-, -, search of French vessels on their way to Spain refused to, 1006, 1072, 1074.

-, -, free trade with France in cloth sought by, 1007.

-, -, English garrison in Ostend besieged, 1008, 1012, 1014, 1042.

-, -, bearing on English policy of siege of Ostend, 1010, 1011, 1019, 1022, 1023.

-, -, Marshal de Biron's embassy to, 1014, 1017, 1018, 1019, 1020, 1023, 1035.

-, -, pardon offered by, to Irish rebels, 1021.

-, -, measures taken by, for blockade of Kinsale and expulsion of Spanish from Ireland, 1025, 1027, 1036, 1044.

-, -, parliament called in, 1025, 1029,

votes supplies, 1043.

-, -, Scottish troops- offered, and accepted by, for suppression of Irish rebellion, 1029, 1036, 1043, 1047.

-, -, German concessions to, re trade in cloth, 1030.

-, -, Turkish outrage on ship and Consul of, at Tripoli, 1031, 1033.

-, -, Spanish attack on, in Ireland, timed to coincide with expected decease of Queen, 1025, 1035.

-, -, party in, said to favour Henry IV.'s succession to throne of, 1035.

-, -, the Archpriest, George Bakewell, or Blackwell, in, his Jesuit and Spanish connexions, and failure to sap loyalty of Roman Catholics in, to Crown, 1036, 1043, 1052, 1061, 1066, 1078, 1089.

-, -, French Embassy to, on right of search, 1036, 1072, 1074.

-, -, English Consul at Cairo becomes a renegade, 1037.

-, -, peace proposals to, of Archduke Albert, renewed, 1039, 1040, 1044, 1056, 1075, 1080.

-, -, complete defeat of Irish and Spanish in Ireland, 1048, 1049;

surrender of Spanish, 1054, 1056, 1057, 1058.

-, -, increased goodwill to, of Henry IV., 1060.

-, (1602), visit to, of Duke of Nevers, 1064.

-, -, fleet prepared in, 1069, 1072, 1075.

-, a republican government devised for, with Queen's consent, 1077.

-, -, forms of religion in, 1077;

new taxation in, 1077.

-, -, jealousy in, of Henry IV.;

tranquillity of France, contrasted with war expenses and anxieties of, 1075, 1080, 1152.

-, -, strength of English garrison in Ostend, 1081.

-, -, Portuguese towns sacked by, 1083.

-, -, brilliant capture of Portuguese East Indiaman by, 1085.

-, -, resident ambassador from, in France, 1092.

-, -, scarcity of grain in, due to bad harvest, 1093.

-, -, Spinola threatens Thames, Dutch and English trap for, 1096;

he and his galleys destroyed, 1098.

-, -, truce with Spain desired by, to secure free commerce, and increase of capital, in 1097.

-, -, piracies committed by subjects of, petition respecting, presented to Venetian Senate, 1105.

-, -, Queen's great galleons, ship seized by, 1105

-, -, a resident representative of Venice desired in, 1105.

-, peace offered to, by Spain, 1106, 1107.

-, -, decision of Venetian Senate to send one of their Secretaries to, 1108.

-, -, pirates from, in Levant, their outrage on Venetian Consul, 1109, 1110. See Mosto, Zuanue da.

-, (1603), expulsion of Jesuits from, 1112.

-, -, Secretary Scaramelli, sent to from Venice, on mission, 1113;

his credentials to the Queen, 1114 See Scaramelli.

-, -, Spanish designs against, in Ireland, 1116, 1132.

-, -, trade of, in the Levant, Venetian report on its rapid expansion, 1119.

-, -, proposed league between, and France, against Spain, 1129.

-, -, shipping of, harassed from Dunquerque, 1131.

-, -, damage by corsairs of, to French coast trade, 1131, 1136, 1152.

-, -, Queen's private galleons of war equipped in, 1132, 1152, 1159.

-, -, progress of trade of, in Levant, at expense of Venice, 1119, 1136, 1140.

-, -, proposed junction of ships of with Dutch, 1136, 1142.

-, -, genealogy of royal house of, 1143.

-, -, state of Roman Catholic Religion in, 1143.

-, -, ministerial support in, of James VI.'s claim to crown, 1143.

-, -, Veuetian proposal for exclusion of trade of, from Levant, assent of France, 1146.

-, -, security for their good behaviour taken from privateersmen before leaving, 1146.

-, -, privateersmen of, in Levant, equal to Venetian war galleys, 1151.

-, -, contempt in, for navies of other powers, 1152.

-, -, relations of, to Denmark, conference on closing of Belt, 1152, 1160.

-, -, privateers from, forbidden the Mediterranean, 1154.

-, -, pacification of Ireland lessens military charges of, 1154.

-, -, aid from, for Dutch, declined, 1154, 1159.

-, -, Englishmen settled at and popular in Milo, 1156.

-, -, reparation made by, to King of Morocco, 1160.

-, -, odious to the whole world, for rapacity, cruelty, and disturbance of commerce, 1160.

-, -, Turkish decree, directed against trade of, 1160.

-, -, slender navy, and multitude of small privateers in, 1160.

-, -, preparations in, against the Queen's death, 1162, 1165, 1166, 1169, 1173.

-, -, Queen's nomination of her successor, 1167, 1169.

-, -, Parliament of, and the succession, 1168.

-, -, proclamation in, of James I., 1169, 1170, 1174, 1175, 1176.

-, -, meeting of Privy Council of, during Queen's illness described. 1171.

-, -, law of, touching goods of neutrals on belligerents' ships, 1171,

text of Statute, 1172.

England; See also Barton, Edward;

Elizabeth of England, Drake, Francis, Knt.;

Lello, Henry.

England, Lord High Admiral of. See Howard, Charles, Lord Effingham, Earl of Nottingham.

England, Lord High Treasurer of. See Sackville, Thomas, Lord Buckhurst.

English Merchant Adventurers prohibited trading in Germany, 611.

Erlau, fall of, 509, 512, 515, 518;

recovery of, 585;

battle of, 551. See Keresztes.

Ermosen, Hugh, English merchant, 163.

Erne, Lough, Earle of Tyrone sheltered in islands of, 1093.

Escurial, The, fair at, 715.

Essex, Karl of. See Devereux, Robert.

Evizza, salt seized by English at, 682.