Treasury Books and Papers: March 1744

Calendar of Treasury Books and Papers, Volume 5, 1742-1745. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1903.

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, 'Treasury Books and Papers: March 1744', in Calendar of Treasury Books and Papers, Volume 5, 1742-1745, (London, 1903) pp. 458-467. British History Online [accessed 29 May 2024].

. "Treasury Books and Papers: March 1744", in Calendar of Treasury Books and Papers, Volume 5, 1742-1745, (London, 1903) 458-467. British History Online, accessed May 29, 2024,

. "Treasury Books and Papers: March 1744", Calendar of Treasury Books and Papers, Volume 5, 1742-1745, (London, 1903). 458-467. British History Online. Web. 29 May 2024,


March 1744

March 1.
37. Present: Mr. Chancellor of the Exchequer, Mr. Compton, Mr. Gybbon, Earl of Middlesex, Mr. Fox.
My Lords order a contract for bread and bread waggons for the forces in His Majesty's pay in the Austrian Netherlands to be drawn with blanks for the contractor's name and for the prices.
A report read from the Customs Commissioners on a petition of Messrs. Hayter and Johnson concerning a drawback on refined borax and camphire on exportation. Also a representation from said Hayter and Johnson of the benefit to the public from the proposed drawback. To be sent to the said Commissioners, on whom Hayter and Johnson are to attend.
Refer to the Surveyor General of Lands a proposal from the Board of Works (with a plan thereto annexed) for the purchase by the Crown of some pieces of ground belonging to the Westminster Bridge Commissioners.
John Tidy recommended to the Hawkers and Pedlars Commissioners to be a riding surveyor for Durham, &c.
[Treasury Minute Book XXIX. p. 397; Customs Book XV. p. 400; Letter Book XX. pp. 125, 126.]
March 6.
38. Present: ut supra.
My Lords agree with Mr. Hume, Attorney to Mr. Nicholas Carpentier, of Ostend, for said Carpentier to furnish bread for the forces in Flanders during the campaign for the year 1744, viz., wheat bread of 6 liv. Brab. at 6½d. per loaf Brabant, rye bread of the same weight at 4¾d. per loaf Brabant; and 17,000l. to be advanced thereon; also to furnish 200 waggons at 5 gu. 5 st. Holland currency per waggon per day, 91 days' pay to be advanced him thereon, and a contract is signed by my Lords and by Mr. Hume for Mr. Carpentier accordingly.
Write a letter to Marshal Wade for him to take care that the proper notice be given to the contractor for bread from time to time of the number of effective men, that bread may be delivered to effectives only.
A petition read from Henry Payter (Player) and others, officers of the port of Bridgewater, concerning their having gone on board the “Diana,” from Leghorn, contrary to Order of Council, and praying to be forgiven and kept in their several places. Referred to the Customs Commissioners.
A memorial read from Mr. Monson, Deputy Paymaster General of the Forces, praying a warrant for 4l. a day to the Deputy Paymaster of the British and Hanoverian Forces in Flanders in the pay of Great Britain. Order for a warrant.
A letter read from the Duke of Newcastle for 1,000l. to the messengers. Order for the issue of same to the Treasurer of the Chambers.
Same from same of the 5th inst. read concerning an augmentation directed by the King to the train of artillery now preparing for immediate service. To be sent to the Board of Ordnance for them to lay before my Lords an estimate.
Same read from General Wentworth informing that he had drawn a bill for 2,000 ducats on Messrs. Pells and Sons on Mr. Gore's letter of credit: also the extract of a letter from said Messrs. Pells informing that they had paid the said General 11,603 ducats more. To be sent to the Paymaster General of the Forces.
Order for the issue to Lord Hobart of 341l. 11s. 0d. upon his memorial for that sum for Prince Scherbatow's house rent.
Same for the issue of the following out of the Civil List revenues:—
£ s. d.
To Lord Hobart for Prince Scherbatow's rent 341 11 0
To same for messengers 1,000 0 0
To the foreign ministers 7,850 18 6
[Treasury Minute Book XXIX. pp. 398–9; Reference Book X. p. 250.]
March 7. 39. J. Scrope to the Board of Ordnance for an estimate of an augmentation, as below, ordered by the King to be made to the train of artillery now fitting out for immediate service; with proper officers to attend same, viz.:—
Brass Ordnance, 24 pounders 4
Brass Ordnance, 12 pounders 10
Brass Ordnance, 6 pounders 8
Howitzers 3
Brass Mortars, Royal 7
Brass Mortars, Cohorn 20
Brass Mortars, Pantoons 20
[Letter Book XX. p. 126.]
March 7. 40. Warrant under the sign manual of the Lords Justices, countersigned by the Secretary at War and by the Treasury Lords, for the issue of 703l. in different amounts, detailed, to the following, being general and staff officers lately serving with the forces upon the expedition to America, same being for their pay to Jan. 31 last, they having arrived from America in January last, and having prayed their pay to the end of that month inclusive, notwithstanding the establishment ceased on the 24 Dec. previous; all in regard they were not able sooner to arrive in Great Britain: viz.: Thomas Wentworth, General and Commander in Chief; William Blakeney, as Brigadier General; Anthony Lowther, the like; Francis Leighton, as Adjutant General; Robert Midford, as Judge Advocate; Robert Dalrymple, as Physician General; Thomas Mallie, as Surgeon General; Thomas Pitcher, as Commissary of the Musters; John Cavalier, as Provost Marshal.
[King's Warrant Book XXXV. 382.]
March 7. 41. Report to the Treasury from the Customs Commissioners, England, dated Custom House, London, on the petition (a) infra. As the case now stands petitioners are at liberty to land the goods which are reported for London port, and to proceed with the rest for Holland. But should they report the ship and the rest of the cargo for the port of London, same would be liable to be seized.
Endorsed with minute:—As under date March 8 infra, p. 461. 2½ pages. And with:—A note of the return of the petition to the Customs Commissioners in accordance with Mr. Wood's letter of March 13. 2½ pages.
:—(a) Representation to the Treasury from Merrick Burrel, John Raymond, and William Ord, of London, merchants, for the Portuguese ship, “St. John Baptist, St. Paul and Souls,” Joseph Lewis do Cabo, master, from Faro, in Portugal, with oils, to be admitted to an entry without seizure under the Navigation Act, the oils being of Portuguese growth, but the ship British built. Representants did report said ship and oils for a foreign market as a matter of precaution, being apprehensive of its meeting the fate of the “Nossa Señora da Guia e Almas,” lately seized under the Navigation Act, which prohibits, inter al., the importation of oils except in bottoms built in the kingdom or country of their growth. According, however, to the received opinion and constant practice deduced from the treaties subsisting between the 2 crowns of Great Britain and Portugal, concluded long before the said Act of Navigation was made, the subjects of both nations are deemed to be at full liberty to send the goods of the growth of their own country into the dominions of each other in ships either of their own property borrowed or hired, “which practice having continued for many years uninterrupted, and your representants' correspondents in Portugal being ignorant of any innovations therein, sent the said goods to this port by the said ship.” Pray as above.
Together with:—Treasury order of reference, dated 1743–4, Feb. 23, to the Customs Commissioners. 2 pages.
[Treasury Board Papers CCCXIII. No. 13.]
March 8.
42. Present: Mr. Chancellor of the Exchequer, Mr. Compton, Mr. Gybbon, Earl of Middlesex, Mr. Fox.
The Secretary at War attends with estimates to be laid before the House of Commons.
Order for the issue to the Treasurer of the Navy, out of supplies, anno 1744, of 30,000l. for services as in his memorial of this day.
Write to the Commissioners of the Navy that my Lords think that when bills of exchange come for the future and press for immediate payment, they should be paid out of moneys in the Treasurer of the Navy's hands to prevent their being protested.
Mr. Holdsworth of Dartmouth to be recommended to Capt. Smith (or the person that shall be appointed to superintend the works and fortifications at Newfoundland) to be employed if it shall be thought necessary to send over any provisions thither.
Write to the Surveyor General to hasten his report on Viscount Lonsdale's petition.
A petition read from Thomas Warren in behalf of several merchants trading from Hull, concerning the King's share of some Levant wines seized. Referred to the Customs Commissioners.
Same read from Robert Neale (Neal) for a reversionary lease of lands in Braydon Forest, co. Wilts. Referred to the Surveyor General of Lands.
Same read from John Broom executor to John Sandford, late a Commissioner of the State lottery, for his salary as such. Warrant ordered.
The Customs Commissioners' report read on the petition of Messrs. Burrell, Ord, and Raymond. To be returned to said Commissioners for a statement of opinion.
A petition read from John Wood for repayment of 523l. 14s. 6d., which he says he has paid to informers in the prosecuting and detecting smugglers from 1733 to 1737. Referred to the Customs Commissioners.
[Treasury Minute Book XXIX. pp. 400–1; Reference Book X. p. 250; Crown Lease Book VI. p. 393.]
and after
March 13.]
43. Papers of estimates as follow: all for the year 1744.
(a) Estimate of the charge of Guards, Garrisons and Land Forces (total 561,794l. 5s.d.). 1 page.
:—(a) (1) A comparison of said estimate with that for the year 1743. In duplicate. 1 and 1 page.
(b) Same of the 10 regiments of marines (total 206,806l. 10s. 0d.). 1 page.
(c) Same of the charge of His Majesty's forces in the Plantations, Minorca, and Gibraltar (total 274,830l. 17s.d.). 1 page.
(d) Same of the charge of His Majesty's forces in Flanders (total 634,344l. 11s. 4d.). Endorsed:—Recd. Dec. 21, 1743.
Appending:—(d) (1) A comparison of said estimate with that for the preceding year. 1 page
(e) Same of the charge of the General and Staff officers in Flanders, and of the officers of the hospital there, and of the forage for the General and Staff officers.
This estimate is in two forms as follow:—
(e) (1) Showing a total of 39,751l. 0s.d. 1 page.
:—(e) (1) (a) Estimate of the charge of the General and Staff officers belonging to the King's forces in Flanders (total 30,392l. 9s. 9d.). 1 page.
(e) (1) (b) Comparison of said estimate as in (e) (1) (a) with that of the preceding year. 1 page
(e) (2) Showing a total of 37,703l. 17s.d. 1 page.
:—(e) (2) (a) Estimate of the charge of the General and Staff officers as above (total 28,562l. 9s. 9d.) 1 page.
(e) (2) (b) Same of same of the officers of the hospital of the forces in Flanders (total 5,444l. 5s. 0d.). 1 page.
(e) (2) (c) Comparison of said estimate as in (e) (2) (b) with that of the preceding year. 1 page.
(e) (2) (d) Estimate for 200 days' forage for the General and Staff officers in Flanders (total 3,627l. 2s. 10¼d.). In duplicate with a comparison of said estimate with that of the preceding year. 2 and 1 pages.
(f) Same of the charge of 5,513 horse and 10,755 foot of the troops of Hanover in the pay of Great Britain from 1743, Dec. 26, to 1744, Dec. 25. (Total 393,773l. 6s. 1d.) Estimate dated War Office, January, 1743–4. 1 page.
(g) Same of the charge of 1,264 horse and 4,908 foot of the troops of the King of Sweden as Landgrave of Hesse Cassel in the pay of Great Britain from 1743, Dec. 26 to 1744, Dec. 25 (total 125,857l. 19s.d., together with the annual subsidy of 150,000 crowns of bank money of Amsterdam, payable for these troops, but exclusive of extraordinary pay, douceurs, forage and waggon money). Estimate dated as in (f) supra. Endorsed:—Not yet voted. 1 page.
(h) Same of the charge of 2 troops of Rangers, a Highland Company, boatmen, and for half galleys or schooners, with 184 officers and men for Georgia (total 19,168l. 18s. 4d.). Estimate dated War Office, 1743–4, March 13, and signed by Sir William Yonge. In duplicate. 1 and 1 page.
(i) Same of the charge of the Office of Ordnance, land service. (Total 239,353l. 2s.d.) 2 pages.
(j) Same of the Office of Ordnance at Ruatan (total 12,102l. 0s. 2d.), being a copy of the estimate as delivered into Parliament, 1743–4, March 14. 1 page.
[Treasury Board Papers CCCXIII. No. 15.]
March 13.
44. Present: Mr. Chancellor of the Exchequer, Mr. Compton, Mr. Gybbon, Earl of Middlesex, Mr. Fox.
A letter read from the Marquess of Tweeddale enclosing 2 letters of extracts from General Cope, in which the General says it is necessary for him to have a credit at Edinburgh for defraying extraordinary expenses. The Paymaster General of the Forces is to take care that the bills drawn upon him by General Cope for extraordinary services (for which said General is to be accountable, and of which he is to be requested to keep a just and fair accompt) be satisfied by him upon the said services being specified.
Said Marquess also encloses a petition of the daughters of Col. McCleod, who died at the attack of St. Lazar, praying a pension on the Exchequer of Scotland for their support. Mr. Scrope will make a state of this.
Said Marquess also acquaints my Lords in his said letter that Mr. Geo. Kennedy, Warden of the Mint in Scotland, is lately dead, and that the King has consented to Mr. James Hay's succeeding him. The Chancellor of the Exchequer will take the King's pleasure therein.
Order for a warrant for William Towry (recommended by said Marquess) to be land surveyor and sworn appraiser at Leith, loco his father, George Towry, superannuated.
The Secretary at War attends with estimates for 1744, and with accounts of the extras in Flanders for 1742 and 1743, and in Great Britain for 1743.
Order for the issue out of the Civil List revenues of 579l. 15s. 0d. to the Lord Almoner for the Maundy and Gate alms, and 5,000l. [to Mr. Scrope] for Secret Service.
[Treasury Minute Book XXIX. pp. 402–3; North Britain Book XIV. p. 25.]
March 15. 45. An account of the quantities of foreign linens imported into Scotland for 7 separate years to 1742, Xmas, certified by Chambre Lewis, Assistant Comptroller General, Custom House, Edinburgh. (The species of linens tabulated are as follow: Broad German; Narrow Brown and White German; Checquer'd Germany; Silesia Damask tabling; Silesia Damask towelling; Narrow Brown and White Silesia; Ozenbriggs; Narrow Brown and White East Country; Narrow Muscovia; White Hinterlands; Hollands; Bag Holland; Gentish Holland; Narrow Palonia; Brown Narrow Hinderland; Drilling; Turkey.) 1 sheet.
[Treasury Board Papers CCCXIII. No. 19.]
March 17. 46. Articles of agreement made between the Treasury on behalf of His Majesty of the one part and Alexander Hume, Attorney for Nicholas Carpentier, of Ostend, merchant, of the other part, for the supply of the forces of the King of Great Britain and Elector of Hanover with bread and bread waggons during the campaign for the present year, 1744.
[Warrants not relating to Money XXVII. pp. 208–14.]
March 20. 47. Treasury warrant to the Customs Commissioners to direct the Receiver General of Customs to pay into the Exchequer, towards the Sinking Fund, 10,000l. arisen by the additional duty on foreign cambrics imported into Great Britain, pursuant to the Act of 15 and 16 Geo. II.
Prefixing:—Report from said Commissioners showing the produce of said duty to Xmas last.
[Customs Book XV. pp. 408–9.]
March 20. 48. Royal warrant, countersigned by the Treasury, for the issue to William Caulfield, Inspector General of Roads and Bridges in North Britain, of 500l. for the allowance for the 12th year for repairing roads and bridges in North Britain.
Appending:—Memorial to the Treasury from Sir John Cope, Commander in Chief of the Forces in North Britain, containing a certificate that “the said William Caulfield did the last year repair the road from Crieff to Tay Bridge, Dalnacardoch, Dalwhinnie, 43 computed miles, thence to Fort Augustus and Fort William, 45 miles, from Dalwhinnie to Ruthven, thence to Inverness, 45 miles, thence to Fort Augustus, 24, from Dalnacardoch to Blair and Dunkeld, 24, in all 181 computed miles, the pass of Killiecrankie, which was quite destroyed, new made, and the whole road from thence to Dunkeld widened and a new lime and stone arch built in the pass, Tay Bridge and High Bridge new pointed, and most of the other bridges new coped and pinned: that in those works he employed 80 workmen, artificers, cart horses, &c., during the whole summer season, the expense whereof, with the contingent charge attending same, has amounted to the full sum of … 500l.
[King's Warrant Book XXXV. pp. 392–3.]
March 20.
49. Present: Mr. Chancellor of the Exchequer, Mr. Compton, Mr. Gybbon, Earl of Middlesex, Mr. Fox.
A memorial read from Messrs. Burrell and Ord, merchants of London. Upon hearing them my Lords think fit to consent to the landing the goods in question, and putting them into the King's warehouse, to attend the success of an application to Parliament, which memorialists say they and other merchants in the like case intend to make this session for relief against the 8th clause of the Act of Navigation, 12 Car. II., during the present war.
A petition read from Robert and Lilly Smith, merchants, concerning the seizure of the ship “Aniello” from Belvedere, seized on the Act of Navigation, praying remission of the King's share. The petitioners must attend the success of the application intended by the merchants to be made to Parliament for regulating cases of this nature during the war.
A report from the Customs Commissioners read and agreed to. Order for the following issues out of the Civil List revenues:—
£ s. d.
To the Privy Purse 3,000 0 0
To the Earl of Strafford's executors 1,812 10 4
To Mr. Stone for Mr. Thompson's bills 686 6 0
To the Cofferer of the Household for purveyors for the month of March 2,070 0 0
[Treasury Minute Book XXX. p. 1.]
March 21. 50. Sir William Young, Secretary at War, to John Scrope, dated War Office, returning a memorial of Lieut. Hodgson, of the late American Regiment, same having reached him on reference [from the Treasury]. Returns it without report as it is of a nature which undoubtedly ought originally to come under the consideration of the Secretary at War, either upon a memorial to the King or to the Secretary at War, to be laid before the King for his commands thereon, it being of a mere military nature for pay and subsistence for himself and the men under his command, “which he alleges has not (as it ought) been paid to him by the paymaster of the regiment to which he belonged. If the allegations be true and the demand just it ought to be satisfied out of the non-effective money of the aforesaid regiment, a fund which has always been applyed by His Majesty's warrant, countersigned by the Secretary at War. I have likewise had an application from all the reduced officers of the said regiment for an allowance equal to half-pay from Midsummer to Christmas last, which ought likewise to be paid out of the non-effective money of the regiment, as was done for the former half-year by warrant of the Lords Justices, countersigned by me, but I am accidently informed that fund is otherwise disposed of. I must once more desire you would excuse me to their Lordships if I decline acting as a referee only in a case which is indisputably within the department of the Secretary at War.”
Endorsed:—With abstracts of the royal warrants of date 1743–4, Jan. 31 and Feb. 23, ut infra in Table I. 2 pages.
[Treasury Board Papers CCCXIII. No. 21.]
March 22. 51. Second report to the Treasury from the Customs Commissioners, England, on the petition of Messrs. Hayter and Johnston for a drawback on the exportation of borax and camphire refined in Great Britain. Have directed petitioners to furnish for the searchers (who are the proper officers to certify on the debentures the quantities and species of all foreign goods shipped for exportation) samples of borax and camphire to see if said searchers are capable of certifying on the debenture that it is actually tincal refined or borax, or whether they may be liable to be imposed on by any other species of goods which may be offered to them under the appearance of borax. Said searchers have reported “that they have consulted with some of the most experienced dealers in borax and camphire, who assure them that nothing will incorporate with them in the refining thereof, and that if any artfull and designing men should endeavour to impose on them by attempting to ship a false borax (if there is any such thing) instead of the real, it may easily be discovered by its colour and taste, being white, almost transparent, of taste not acid but as it were urinous. … Further, that as drugs are a species of goods very few people are thoroughly acquainted with, nay, even the best judges have been deceived in, they cannot take upon them to certifie from their own knowledge that the drugs in question or any of the drugs that are exported are real and that they must in a great measure depend upon the character and oath of the exporter.” If the Treasury should indulge petitioners in their request, the drawback allowed upon this commodity will be upon the same footing with the drawback on all other drugs, and the revenue have the like security in the allowance thereof. 2 pages.
[Ibid. No. 23.]
March 22. 52. J. Scrope to the Customs Commissioners, England. The Treasury being of opinion that it will be proper to have an Act of Parliament to dispense with so much of the Act of Navigation as prohibits the importation of goods in British shipping, although navigated by the people of the country from which they are brought, during the war, and several merchants having undertaken to apply for such an act, therefore desire a clause or act for that purpose to be prepared. Further concerning the petitions of Robert Smith and Lillie Smith as to the King's share of a seizure.
[Customs Book XV. p. 407.]
March 23. 53. J. Scrope to the Customs Commissioners, England and Scotland, transmitting from the Treasury a copy of the Duke of Newcastle's letter concerning war being proclaimed by France against England, for them to immediately give the necessary orders to their officers in the several ports of the kingdom to acquaint the merchants with the contents of said letter, that they may take the necessary precautions for the security of their vessels and effects.
March 25.
54. Accounts of the following payments made in the Treasury Office, Dublin, in each case for 1 year ended 1744, Lady Day, and certified by Luke Gardiner, Deputy Receiver General, Ireland.
(a) On account of Barracks, Ireland. (Total payments 18,288l. 16s. 10¾d. as against an established allowance of 13,336l. 10s. 0d.) 7 pages.
(b) On account of Concordatums, Ireland. (Total payments 11,188l. 16s.d. as against an established allowance of 5,000l.) 9 pages.
(c) On account of Military Contingencies, Ireland. (Total payments 4,196l. 17s.d. as against an established allowance of 3,000l.) 5 pages.
[Treasury Board Papers CCCXIII. No. 26.]
March 29. 55. Treasury warrant for the issue of 105l. to Richard Morley, for himself and 3 clerks, for 1744, Lady Day quarter, for sorting, digesting, &c., the records and writings in the Court of the Receipt of the Exchequer.
Appending:—Morley's statement of work done during the quarter. “Since Xmas last Mr. Farley has been employed in sorting the loose fines in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, and putting them into their respective bundles, Mr. Smart in making indexes to the Forest Rolls, Mr. Strachey has been methodizing State Papers and letters in the reign of Henry 8th, Mr. Cole has continued making indexes to the Star Chamber records, and Mr. Morgan has been sorting Star Chamber records into reigns.”
[Money Book XLI. p. 348.]
March 30. 56. Same to the Customs Commissioners, Scotland, to add one landwaiter each to the ports of Dunbar, Kirkcaldy, Montrose and Aberdeen, and to take away one landwaiter each from Borrowstounness and Inverness and 2 from Anstruther.
Prefixing:—Memorial to the Treasury from said Commissioners recommending said change in view of the present circumstances, situation and business of the said ports.
[North Britain Book XIV. p. 36.]
March 30. 57. Thomas Wentworth to John Scrope, dated from Clarges St., concerning the amount of the freight of the transports employed in bringing over the Dutch troops. Cannot tell what said charge will he till the ships shall be dismissed from the King's service, as they are hired for one month certain or as much longer as their attendance shall be required. The whole transports, Dutch vessels included, contained 7,030 tons, which at 12s. per ton per month amounts to 4,230l., but if the 16 Dutch transports, amounting to 2,400 tons be deducted, which are by agreement to be paid for in Rotterdam, the freight of the English transports will not exceed 2,790l., and that charge will probably be lessened upon the measurement which is by agreement to be made here [London] when the vessels can be laid dry so as to be measured with exactness. “Two or three days ago I enclos'd a book to Mr. Secretary Corbett, of the Admiralty Office, which contains the dates of all charter-parties, the tonnage, &c., of all the vessels employed upon the abovementioned service, which he assures me was sent to the Navy Office. … I carried with me a letter of credit from Mr. Winnington on Messrs. Pells and Sons, at Amsterdam, on whom I have drawn for 5,730l. to enable me to advance money to the Dutch troops before their embarcation, as was stipulated by Mr. Trevor. I have likewise receiv'd upon the said letter of credit 987l. 12s. 4d. sterling and 32,000 guilders, which I have disbursed for provisions, platforms, utensils, &c., and in lodging money for the paying the freight of the Dutch transports, so that I have no public money in my hands, but my credit continues open till my accounts shall be closed, which could not be done before my leaving Rotterdam. But I expect by the first pacquett an exact state of the whole charge.” 3 pages.
[Treasury Board Papers CCCXIII. No. 28.]
March —. 58. Treasury warrant to the Barons of the Exchequer, Scotland, for the sum of 2,770l. 4s.d. (being the surplus at Midsummer, 1738, arisen from the malt duties, Scotland, and now remaining in the hands of the Excise Commissioners there) to be paid over by said Commissioners to the Receiver General of Crown rents and casualties in Scotland, as the Cashier to the Commissioners and Trustees for improving Fisheries and Manufactures there, to be employed for the purpose of such improvements as they shall think fit: all in accordance with the Acts of Parliament therefor.
[North Britain Book XIV. p. 30.]