Wills: 19 Edward III (1345-6)

Pages 475-484

Calendar of Wills Proved and Enrolled in the Court of Husting, London: Part 1, 1258-1358. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1889.

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Monday next before Feast of Purification of V. Mary [2 Feb.].

Grantham (fn. 1) (John de), pepperer.—Provision made for a chantry for the good of his soul and the souls of John his father, Matilda his mother, Cecilia his late wife, and others in the chapel which he lately erected near the church of S. Antonin in honour of S. Anne and other saints, charged on his tenements and wharf at Douegate, in the lane called "Bathestereslane," parish of All Hallows at the Hay, as well as in Sopereslane and Puppe-kirtellane in the parish of S. Pancras. To Sir John de Hicchen, rector of the church of S. Antonin, and his successors an annual rent of six shillings and eightpence issuing from tenements in the parishes of S. Antonin and S. Thomas the Apostle, and divers other bequests; and provision made for keeping his obit, maintaining chantries, and for other pious and charitable uses. To John, Thomas, and William his sons tenements and reversions in the aforesaid parishes, as well as in the parishes of S. Mary atte Hulle near Billyngesgate, All Hallows within the gate of Bisshopesgate (sic), S. Mary de Aldermariecherche, and S. Michael Queenhithe, subject to certain charges for the aforesaid chantry and for his obit. In the event of his sons dying without heirs of their bodies, the said tenements to remain to Margaret and Idonia his daughters in tail; remainder to pious uses. Guardians appointed of his said sons during minority. To Katherine his daughter an annuity of ten shillings. To William de Grantham, his brother, all his tenements in the town of S. Omer in Artois within the realm of France. Richard le Chaucer, vintner, and others appointed executors. Dated London, Friday after the Feast of S. Mary Magdalen [22 July], A.D. 1344.
Roll 72 (3).

Monday next before the Feast of S. Peter in Cathedrâ [22 Feb.].

"La Leutour" (Isabella, called), late wife of John de Aconia, called "le Leutour."—To Johanna, wife of Henry Graspeys, an annual quitrent in Thames Street, parish of S. Michael de Candelwykestrete. Dated London, Wednesday the vigil of the Feast of Nativity of S. John Baptist [24 June], A.D. 1344.
Roll 72 (13).

Monday next before the Feast of S. George the Martyr [20 April].

Bixle (John de), fishmonger.—To William de Bixle and Hugh, the son of the said William, the reversion of a shop in Eldefisshstrete held by William de Neuport, fishmonger, for a term of years. To Alice de Fulham and Katherine de Triple, his kinsfolk, a moiety of a shop in the same street. One moiety of his portion of a shop held by him jointly with William de Fulham in the same street he leaves to the high altar of the church of S. Mary de Montenhaut near Eldefisshstrete, to hold for a term of sixty years; and the other moiety to Alice Chaundeler, his niece, together with the reversion of the moiety left to the said church. Also to the above Alice de Fulham and Katherine de Triple the reversion of his capital tenement after the decease of Pentecost his wife. Dated London, 23 March, A.D. 1344.
Roll 72 (43)

Monday the Feast of S. Mark, Evangelist [25 April].

Corp (Thomas), pepperer.—To Isabella his wife for life his shop, which he had by devise of his father, in Sopereslane in the parish of S. Antolyn, she rendering to the Prior of the Hospital of our Lady without Bisshopesgate forty shillings yearly; remainder to William his son in tail; remainder to Denys his daughter. Also to his said wife a moiety of all his goods, together with her entire chamber, to wit, divers vessels of mazer, vessels of silver and of brass, peutre, and iron; the other moiety of his goods to William, John, and Denys his children. Also to William his son all the store of his shop, to wit, countours and balances, weights and boxes (boystes); and if he should die under age the same to go to John his son. His children to remain in the custody of Nicholas Martel, his apprentice, during minority or until marriage, the said Nicholas giving security at the Guildhall of London. Also to the said Nicholas the term of William his apprentice. All his armure to be sold for pious uses. Dated London, Monday next before S. Edward, viz. 8 October, A.D. 1341.
Roll 72 (46).

Brabasoun (John, son of Adam), fishmonger.—His body to be buried in S. Paul's churchyard. For lighting of the Blessed Virgin Mary in the church of S. Margaret de Fridaystrete three shillings and fourpence. To his said father his reversionary interest in a tenement in Distaflane in the parish of S. Margaret-aforesaid, which interest he acquired by right of descent upon the decease of Alice his mother. Dated London, Saturday next after the Feast of Purification of V. Mary [2 Feb.], A.D. 1343.
Roll 72 (48)

Ware (William de), fishmonger.—To Margery his wife his capital tenement in the parish of S. Mary Mountenhaut and a shop in the Old Fish Market for life; remainder to John his son. His tenements acquired upon the decease of Thomas de Writele, called "apprentiz," in the parish of S. Margaret Patyns, to be sold to fulfil this his testament and to pay his debts; remainder, if any, to pious uses. Guardians appointed for his said son, among them being one of his apprentices; also executors appointed, whereof two are his apprentices. Dated London, Friday next after the Feast of S. Faith, Virgin [6 Oct.], A.D. 1343.
Roll 72 (52).

Monday next after F. of S. John ante portam Latinam [6 May].

Shrouesbury (William de), glover.—His body to be buried in the church of S. Laurence in the Old Jewry. To Elena his wife his capital tenement for life; remainder to John de Guideford and Edith, wife of the said John, subject to the maintenance of a chantry in the said church of S. Laurence for the space of seven years after his decease, and also subject to a charge of ten pounds of silver to John his son. To William, son of John de Guideford, his godson, a shop in Chepe, parish of S. Pancras. Dated London, Wednesday next after the Feast of Invention of H. Cross [3 May], A.D. 1344.
Roll 72 (53).

Amys (John) de Heverynglond. (fn. 2) —To William his son and Sarah his daughter the remainder of his term in a brewery held by demise of John Hardel in the street of la Riole, parish of S. Michael de Paternostercherche, together with certain houses, shops, &c., in the same street and parish in tail; remainder to payment of his debts and to the maintenance of chantries in the church of S. Michael aforesaid for the good of his soul, the souls of Matilda his wife and others. Devise and release to John Hardel of all the "easements" (improvements ?) which he (the testator) had made in the brewery aforesaid, with certain exceptions, among them being a door which he had made to a cellar called "yilhuys." (fn. 3) A debt to Henry de Hardyngham, clerk, to be discharged. Also to William his son all his vessels of brass, iron, and peautre, and seven silver spoons. John Amys, son of Thomas his son, to be provided for in his house for the space of seven years next after the date of this testament, after which the said John is to take care of himself. A lease to John Bolle of land in the parish of S. Peter in the vill of Sudbury to be held good. Dated at Sudbury, in the dwelling-house of John Brond, Monday after the Feast of S. George, Martyr [23 April], A.D. 1340.
Roll 12 (55)

Monday next before the Feast of S. Margaret, Virgin [20 July].

Cosyn (William) de Sutton.—To Johanna his daughter eleven marks which are in the custody of Peter Cosyn, her brother; also seventy ewes (oves matrices), four rams (hurtardos), and five cows, together with covers of silk and of Reynes, (fn. 4) a cup called "le Note," napkins, towels, and sheets, one materas and a banker, (fn. 5) forty quarters of growing corn, and forty quarters of oats; also a debt of ten pounds due from the Prior of Tetford, (fn. 6) and ten marks issuing from land in Cresalton. (fn. 7) To Thomas his son various household chattels, ten quarters of corn and ten quarters of oats, two beasts of burden (jumenta), and all his goods and chattels in the vill of Mikelham. (fn. 8) To William his son similar bequests of chattels, corn, and oats; also all tithes issuing from a marsh called "le Middelwych," which he holds for a term of five years of the Prior of Horkeslee. (fn. 9) To George his son similar bequests of corn and oats; also one small chest and one mazer. To Peter his son eight ploughs (soccas) with one team (caruca) and harness, two horses with cart and harness, one large chest, twenty quarters of corn, and one brass pot at London. To Johanna his daughter three gilt rings and one gilt bracelet, and the residue of all his goods of brass belonging to his chamber. Also to the said William and George his sons two houses which he had by gift of William de Hameldon in Cosyneslane. (fn. 10) To John his son, residing in the county of Sussex, bequests of corn and oats. Other minor bequests to his children follow. Dated 17 December, A.D. 1340.

After proclamation made there came Peter, the brother and heir of Adam Cosyn, and put his claim upon the testament of the said William Cosyn, the father of the said Peter, saying that a certain William de Hamelton, Archdeacon of York, being seised of the tenements above devised, granted the same by deed to William Cosyn and Emma his wife and Adam their son for a term of ten years, and afterwards released the same to the said William, Emma, and Adam, and the heirs and the heirs (sic) of the said Adam; that the said Adam died without an heir of his body during the lifetime of William his father, and that therefore, after the decease of the said Adam, the right in the said tenements descended to the aforesaid Peter as brother and heir of the said Adam; and so the aforesaid Peter says that the said William Cosyn, the father of the said Adam and Peter, cannot devise the said tenements to any one. (fn. 11)

Roll 72 (75)

Monday next after the F. of Translation of S. Edward [13 Oct.].

Myngy (Olive) de Northone Maundevile. (fn. 12) —Her tenements in Holebourn in the suburb of London to be sold to pay the aforesaid (sic) legacies, the residue being devoted to the maintenance of chantries at the discretion of John de Refham, fisherman (piscator), and Friar Thomas de Heyroun of the Order of Friars Minors. Dated 27 August, A.D. 1345.
Roll 72 (89)

Chigwell (Alan de), fishmonger.—His body to be buried in the chancel of the church of S. Mary Somerset. All his tenements in Kyngeston, Southburton, (fn. 13) and in Henlee, and also his "shout" (fn. 14) called "la Rose" with all its apparel, to be sold to pay his debts and for pious uses. The residue of all his goods and chattels, as silver vessels, mazers, &c., he leaves to Hamo and William his sons in equal portions. Also to his said sons tenements in the parish of S. Mary Somerset in tail; remainder to pious uses. Dated London, Saturday the vigil of Palm Sunday, viz., 5 April, A.D. 1343.
Roll 72 (90).

Monday next after the Feast of S. Luke, Evangelist [18 Oct.].

Nayller (Adam).—His body to be buried in the churchyard of S. Giles without Crepelgate. To Elena his wife, her heirs and assigns, his tenement in Grubbestrete in the parish of S. Giles aforesaid, so that Richard their son be advanced becomingly thereout. Dated London, Tuesday next after the Feast of S. Lucia, Virgin [13 Dec.], A.D. 1344.

Whereupon came the said Elena and renounced the fee of the said tenement, and claimed only a life interest.

Roll 72 (95)

Monday next after the Feast of All Saints [1 Nov.].

Homere (Ralph le).—His body to be buried in the churchyard of S. Brigid in Fletestrete. To Cristiana his wife one mark annual quitrent of his capital messuage in Fletestrete in the parish of S. Brrgid aforesaid for life; remainder to pious uses. To John his son a similar bequest for life; remainder to Alice his daughter. To Thomas his son and Cristiana his daughter respectively half a mark annual quitrent of the same for their lives; remainder over. To Robert his son the tenement held by the testator under the Abbot and Convent of Cirencestre; and to Alice his daughter his tenement in the parish of S. Andrew in Faytourlane. (fn. 15) Dated Saturday the Feast of S. Peter in Cathedrâ [22 Feb.], A.D. 1325.
Roll 72 (104).

Atte Sterre (Richard) de Derteford.—All his tenements in the City of London he leaves to his executors, namely, William le Clerk, tapicer, and William, son of Geoffrey de Hywyssh, in fee simple. Dated Derteford, Friday next after the Sunday when Quasimodo (fn. 16) is chanted, A.D. 1345.

And upon probate of the said testament the executors therein named came and acknowledged that the testator had devised all his tenements in the City of London to them, with the intention that they should sell the same to pay his debts, and devote the residue, if any, to pious uses; and that they would do this faithfully the aforesaid executors, in full court before the Mayor and Aldermen, took oath.

Roll 72 (105)

Monday next after the Feast of S. Martin [11 Nov.].

Deynes (Roger), ironmonger.—To Margaret his wife his tenement in the parish of S. Mary de Colcherche for life; remainder to William his son. Also to the said William and to Cristina his daughter respectively ten marks of silver; and to the latter the reversion of certain land and houses in the parish of S. Olave in the Jewry after the decease of his aforesaid wife. Dated London, Wednesday the vigil of the Feast of the Nativity of V. Mary [8 Sept.], A.D. 1345.
Roll 72 (110).

Costantyn (Richard), draper.—His body to be buried in the church of S. Mary de Aldermanbury. To John his son ten pounds of silver, besides the forty pounds left to him by Richard, the testator's father, late draper; also two goblets of silver made after the fashion of glass (fados ad modum verres); (fn. 17) a silver water-vessel (aquarium); two plain goblets, enamelled at the bottom, with covers, one enamel being of S. John the Baptist and another of S. Thomas the Martyr; also a sapphire of value (virtutis), a silver ring with precious stone (petra virtutis), and a horn of ivory; together with all his stock, crops, &c., in his manor of Hovydene. (fn. 18) To Margaret and Elizabeth his daughters ten marks of silver and a plain silver goblet respectively. To Margaret his wife sixty pounds of silver and her entire chamber, with all her jewels, and also all his vessels and utensils of silver, brass, iron, wood, stone, and tin, and all his household furniture; the same appointed guardian of his children and of their goods and chattels so long as she remain a widow, she giving sufficient security to his other executors for the same. To Richard his son tenements near Pouleswharf, parish of S. Peter the Less, in tail; remainder to John his son, to whom he also leaves all his other tenements, according to the testament of the testator's aforesaid father. Dated London, Wednesday next after the Feast of Epiphany [6 Jan.], A.D. 1342.
Roll 72 (113).

Monday next after the Feast of S. Katherine, Virgin [20 Nov.].

Aylesham (John de), mercer.—Desires to be buried in S. Paul's Churchyard in the highway which leads from Chepe to the door called "le Northdore." Bequests to the old and new work of S. Paul's. The sum of thirty pounds, and more if necessary, to be spent on his funeral, and other sums for keeping his month's and year's mind. (fn. 19) Divers bequests for pious and charitable uses to churches, religious orders, and hospitals, among them being a bequest of four shillings to the anchorite (fn. 20) living at the church of S. Peter de Cornhull, and two shillings to another at the church of S. Benedict Fynk; also bequests to the work of the churches of Marsham near Ayllesham, in co. Norfolk, and Causton; (fn. 21) for repair of the high road called "Freseford" in Enefeld, and for the work of London Bridge. To Elizabeth his wife in lieu of dower fifty pounds sterling and various specificchattels, including mazer bowls, silver goblets, and a silver spice-dish, as well as her entire chamber, with right of election between these legacies and her share by way of dower, according to the custom of the City of London; also tenements in the parishes of H. Trinity the Less, S. Michael de Bassieshawe, and others, for life, with remainders over to Thomas his son and to pious uses. Also to the said Thomas fifty pounds sterling, a mazer, a silver goblet, a coat of mail (lorica), a Pysan, (fn. 22) and an eventayl. (fn. 23) Pecuniary legacies to Johanna his daughter and to Thomas and Elizabeth her children. To Dionisia his daughter forty pounds of silver, a silver-plated goblet engraved at the bottom with a figure of S. Katherine, and a mazer of silver gilt, &c.; and to Alice his daughter forty pounds of silver, a silver-plated goblet, and six silver spoons. His executors appointed guardians of his said children, they giving security for the same at the Guildhall of London. Various bequests of money and clothes to members of his family, apprentices, and others. To the Fraternity of Burellers of Candelwykestrete (fn. 24) and to the Fraternity of Tailors one mark respectively. The residue of all his goods and chattels to be divided into three parts: one part to go to his wife, another to be divided equally among his children, and the third to be devoted to the poor members of his family in Norfolk and other poor people in London, and to masses, &c. Dated London, 10 October, A.D. 1345.
Roll 72 (118)


  • 1. Alderman (of the Ward of Cornhill ?); Sheriff, 1322-3; Mayor, 1328-9.
  • 2. Haveringland, co. Norfolk.
  • 3. Alehouse.
  • 4. See note supra, p. 438.
  • 5. See note supra, p. 464.
  • 6. Thetford, co. Norfolk, where there was a priory of Cluniac monks.
  • 7. Carshalton, co. Surrey.
  • 8. Mickleham, co. Surrey.
  • 9. Horkeslegh or Horsley, co. Gloucester.
  • 10. See note supra, p. 104. "East from this Dowgate is Cosin lane, named after William Cosin that dwelt there in the 4th of Richard II., as divers his predecessors, father, grandfather, &c., had done before him" (Stow's 'Survey,' Thoms's ed., 1876, p. 87).
  • 11. The demise to the testator and Emma his wife and Adam their son appears to have been that of a joint estate for their respective lives, with a remainder to the said son in fee. The wife being presumably dead (her name not being once mentioned in the testator's will) and the son presumably having died intestate, it would appear that Peter's claim was justified under the old laws of descent, which preferred a collateral kinsman of an intestate to an ancestor. It would, however, have been otherwise had the testator died after 1833, under the provisions of the Act for the Amendment of the Law of Inheritance (3 & 4 Will. IV. c. 106).
  • 12. Norton Mandeville, co. Essex.
  • 13. Surbiton, near Kingston-on-Thames.
  • 14. See note supra, p. 440.
  • 15. Fetter Lane. See note supra, p. 230.
  • 16. The Sunday after Easter day (clausum Pasche), otherwise known as Low Sunday. See note infra, p. 494.
  • 17. The meaning is not very plain. A cup called "Tour de Verre" occurs in Letter-Rook F, fol. 217 b, which Riley suggests may mean a tall glass set in gold or silver.
  • 18. Co. Suffolk (?).
  • 19. It is probable that commemorative services, to be held thirty days and one year respectively after the decease of the testator, are here intended, although a "month's mind" frequently meant "constant prayer in behalf of a dead person during the whole month immediately following" (Rock's 'Church of our Fathers,' vol. ii. p. 518 n.).
  • 20. An anchorite, or ankret, was not unfrequently a chantry priest who never went beyond the threshold of the church or other building within which he had vowed to live and die. He lived usually either in a room above the vestry or in some little cell communicating with and near to the chantry chapel itself. People were fond of asking ghostly advice of the ankret, and this was given through a little window or grated opening low down in the wall, looking out upon the churchyard (Rock's 'Church of our Fathers,' vol. iii. pt. i. pp. 114-125). On the 2nd of December, 1886, a paper was read by Mr. J. T. Micklethwaite before the Royal Archæological Institute, 'On the Remains of an Ankerhold at Bengeo Church, Herts.' This appears to have consisted of a wooden hut planted against the outside wall of the north end of the chancel, having a rudely made entrance into the church, without any door. The hold measured about 8 feet in length, width uncertain, and height about 6 feet. A recess in the chancel wall outside indicated the anker's seat, and probably his sleeping place also. It had only lately been recognized as a domus inclusi, and from the rudeness of the work it was considered to be of a date earlier than the fourteenth century.
  • 21. Caxton (?), co. Cambridge.
  • 22. Some sort of armour for the breast. Hewitt derives it from the Fr. pis = Lat. pectus, and says it applied to horse armour as well as to that of a knight. Lybeauns hytle Lambard yn the launcer Of hys helm so bryght, That. pysone. nentny'e, and gorgere Fell ynto the felld fer. Li Beau Disconus. Fairholt's 'Costume in England,' ed. by Hon. H. A. Dillon, 1885, s.v. "Pusane or Pizaine."
  • 23. Or arentail, the movable front of, the helmet which covered the entire face, and through which the air was breathed. There is, however, some doubt as to the accuracy of this interpretation.
  • 24. As to the meaning of the term "bureller," see note supra, p. 252. Cloth of Candlewick Street, i.e., made by the weavers of that street, now Cannon Street, was famous.
  • 25. Leatherhead.