Wills: 1-10 Henry VIII (1509-19)

Calendar of Wills Proved and Enrolled in the Court of Husting, London: Part 2, 1358-1688. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1890.

This free content was digitised by double rekeying. All rights reserved.

'Wills: 1-10 Henry VIII (1509-19)', in Calendar of Wills Proved and Enrolled in the Court of Husting, London: Part 2, 1358-1688, (London, 1890) pp. 614-628. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/court-husting-wills/vol2/pp614-628 [accessed 14 April 2024]

In this section

ANNO 1 HENRY VIII.

Monday next before the Feast of S. Lucia, Virgin [13. Dec.].

Chawry (Richard), Alderman (fn. 1) and freeman of the City of London.—To Robert Rede, Knt., Chief Justice of the Common Bench, and to Margaret, wife of the same, he leaves a certain tenement in the parish of S. Sepulchre without Newgate which he had acquired from Stephen Jenyns, citizen and Alderman, (fn. 2) by deed enrolled in the Husting of London for Pleas of Land held Monday next before the Feast of S. Luke, Evangelist AD. [18 Oct.], 24 Henry VII. [A.D. 1508], (fn. 3) to hold the same for their lives; remainder to the Prior and Convent of the House of the Salutation of the Mother of (rod of the Carthusian Order near London, so that the names of the said Robert and Margaret be placed in the codex of the convent called "le Martylage boke," (fn. 4) to be remembered in prayers, &c. Dated Friday next after the Feast of S. Luke, Evangelist [18 Oct.], A.D. 1508.
Roll 236 (68). (fn. 5)

ANNO 2 HENRY VIII.

Monday next before the Feast of S. Margaret, Virgin [20 July].

Newenton (Simon), cutler.—Recites how he has become solely seised of certain messuages in the parish of S. Botolph without Aldgate, formerly belonging to Annes Carter, whereof one tenement was known as "the Wolle Sak"; and in execution of the last will of the aforesaid Annes, made 31 March, 1469, leaves the same to the Master, Wardens, and Commonalty of the Mistery of Cutlers (fn. 6) within the City of London, charged with the observance of an obit for the souls of the said Annes, Robert Duk, John Ball, and others, in manner as directed. Dated 18 June, A.D. 1509.
Roll 236 (63).

Monday next before the Feast of S. Nicholas, Bishop [6 Dec.].

Alexaunder (Thomas), "peauterer."—To the rector and churchwardens of the church of S. James the Apostle at Grarlikhithe a certain annual rent issuing from tenements in Morelane or Morestrete in the parish of S. Giles without Crepulgate, charged with the maintenance of an obit for the souls of Thomas Dounton, Johanna, wife of the same, Isabella their daughter, late wife of Robert Ballard, and others, with charitable gifts to the poor, &c., in manner as directed; remainder over, in case of default, to the right heirs of the said Isabella Ballard, charged with keeping his obit in the parish church of Estgrenewiche, co. Kent. Dated 10 October, A.D. 1502.
Roll 236 (54).

Monday next before the Feast of S. Faith, Virgin [6 Oct.]..

Hert (John), "bruer."— To Isabell his wife his lands and tenements in the parish of S. James of Garlykhith for life, charged with the maintenance of a chantry in the said parish church, and observance of his obit in manner as directed; remainder to Thomas Snodenham, fishmonger, for life, under similar conditions; remainder to the Master of the Hospital of S. Thomas the Martyr, called S. Thomas of Acon, of London, and to the co-brethren of the same place and their successors. In case of default made in carrying out the terms of the devise the property is to go over to the Prior and Convent of the Charterhouse near London, with further remainder to the Wardens and Fellowship of the Craft or Mistery of "Bruers" of the City of London. Dated 20 April, A.D. 1509.
Roll 236 (52).

Hasyll (Thomas), fishmonger.—Testament touching the disposal of a certain quitrent, issuing from tenements in the parish of S. Nicholas Coldabbey, according to the last will of John Snoring, late fishmonger, which he leaves to Richard Lete, the rector, and churchwardens of the said parish church and their successors, charged with the observance of the obit of the said John Snoring in manner as directed; remainder over in case of default. Dated 5 May, A.D. 1491.
Roll 236 (51).

ANNO 3 HENRY VIII.

Monday next after the Feast of S. Lucia, Virgin [13 Dec.].

Hille (Peter), cordwainer.—To Master John Smyth, clerk, Professor of Sacred Theology, and vicar of the parish church of S. Sepulchre, and successors of the same, he leaves a parcel of land and houses of which he had become solely seised, situate within Newgate in the said parish, so that they permit the Wardens of the Fraternity of S. Mary, S. Stephen, and S. Gabriel within the said church to enjoy the issues and profits of the same, and there-with observe the obit or anniversary of Robert Guybon and of Alice, wife of the said Robert, in manner as directed; remainder in case of default to the Prior and Convent of S. Bartholomew for like purposes. Dated 7 October, A.D. 1503.
Roll 236 (42).

Kelk (Stephen), goldsmith.—Testament touching the disposal of certain messuages which he acquired from Juliana Shaa, widow, Thomas Riche, mercer, and John Shaa, goldsmith, in fulfilment of the last will of Edmund Shaa, late Knt., Alderman and Mayor of the City of London, which messuages he now leaves to the Master and Brethren of the House or Hospital of S. Thomas the Martyr, called "de Acon," so that they maintain a chantry priest in that church who shall say masses and other services in manner as directed, and also observe an obit with distribution of charitable gifts as prescribed. In case of default the property is to go over to the Wardens and Commonalty of the Art of Goldsmiths of the City of London for assisting poor honest men of the craft, more especially those of the clothing of the said commonalty. Dated 20 December, A.D. 1493.
Roll 236 (41).

Monday next before the Feast of S. Scolastica, Virgin [10 Feb.].

Braibroke (John), "marchaunthaberdassher" and freeman of the City of London.—To the Prior of the Hospital or Monastery of S. Mary de Elsyngspitell and convent of the same he leaves a certain tenement in the parish of S. Laurence in Old Jewry, which he had acquired from William Game and Thomas Carter, citizens and drapers. Dated London, 20 March, A.D. 1508.
Roll 236 (34).

ANNO 4 HENEY VIII.

Monday next before the Feast of S. Chad, Bishop [2 March].

Maryner (William), salter.—To the Abbess and Convent of the Monastery of the "Mynores" without Algate of the Order of S. Clare a tenement called "the Anker," in the parish of our Blessed Lady Barkyng next the Tower, to hold the same charged with the observance of an obit for the souls of Robert "Fith" Symond of Barlyng, co. Essex, Dame Katherine, wife of the same, Johan Fitz-lewes their daughter, and others; and also with distributing certain sums of money to the nuns of the monastery for pittances, new year's gifts, &c. Dated 20 January, A.D. 1511.
Roll 236 (14).

Monday next after the Feast of S. Faith, Virgin [6 Oct.].

Danyell (Gerard), fishmonger.—To the parson and churchwardens of the church of S. Margaret Moyses in Frydaystrete his lands and tenements in the parish of S. "Denys" Bakchurche, charged with the payment of a salary of four pounds to a priest and with the observance of an obit in the said church of S. Margaret in manner as directed. The devisees are also to pay the sum of thirteen shillings and fourpence to the Masters of the "Bachelers M of the Fishmongers of London attending said obit, the said sum to be expended upon a recreation of and for the said "Bachelers." Dated 18 August, A.D. 1512.
Roll 236 (3).

Percyvale (Dame Thomasina, late wife of Sir John, Knt.), citizen and freewoman of the City of London.—After reciting how her late husband had previously devised, by will dated 21 February, A.D. 1502, twelve messuages, situate in the parish of S. Mary Wolnoth and elsewhere, to the Master and Wardens of "Merchaunt Taillours" of the Fraternity of S. John the Baptist in the City of London, (fn. 7) charged with the maintenance of a chantry, observance of obit in the church of S. Mary aforesaid, &c., with remainders in case of default to the parson and churchwardens of the said parish church, the Master and Brethren of the Church of S. Thomas of Acon, and to the Mayor and citizens of London successively, subject to like conditions; she testifies her desire to uphold her late husband's will, and further devises to the same master and wardens seven messuages situate in the parishes of S. Martin in the Vintry and S. "Denys" Backechirche, in aid of the aforesaid chantries in the church of S. Mary Wolnoth, and other pious and charitable uses as prescribed. Among various charges is that of fivepence a week to be given to five poor householders in the parish of S. Mary aforesaid in honour of the five wounds of our Lord; the sum of two shillings yearly to the churchwardens of the same church of S. Mary, to the intent that they should be the better willing to help the master and wardens of the fraternity aforesaid in the distribution of certain money and coals which Sir John Percyvale her late husband had appointed to be given to poor householders in the parish; (fn. 8) another sum of two shillings and fourpence to the same churchwardens for providing wax tapers at Easter, and other sums to "conductes" (fn. 9) or clerks, and to preachers at Paul's Cross and S. Mary Spital for sermons, &c. In case of default made in carrying out the terms of the devise the property is to go over to the Master and Brethren of the House of S. Thomas Acon. Dated 12 February, A.D. 1508.
Roll 236 (1).

ANNO 6 HENRY VIII.

Monday next after F. of S. John ante portam Latinam [6 May].

Knesesworth (fn. 10) (Thomas), fishmonger and Alderman.—To the Wardens of the Craft or Mistery of Fishmongers of London and Commonalty of the same and their successors he leaves lands and tenements near the lane sometime called "Sporyerslane," now called "Waterlane," and elsewhere in the parish of S. Dunstan in the East, and others in the parishes of S. Margaret in Brydgestrete and S. Magnus, charged (among other things) with keeping an obit in the chapel of Our Lady at the Guildhall in manner as directed. Four priests studying in art or divinity at Oxford or Cambridge and having no benefice to be appointed by the wardens to pray for the souls of the testator and others, failing which the wardens are to pay the sum of forty shillings to the Chamberlain of the City, whereof ten shillings are to be bestowed on poor prisoners of Ludgate and Newgate. Thirteen poor men and women to be clothed and housed by the said wardens, who are also charged with the payment, out of the issues and profits of the tenements aforesaid, of the sum of four pounds annually to the Prior and Convent of Roseston, (fn. 11) co. Herts, for a canon to pray for his soul at the altar and lavetour when the Gospel is done, and other pious uses. To prisoners in Ludgate and Newgate he leaves an annual sum of forty shillings out of the aforesaid rents and profits, to be expended in such things as they shall most need. A member of the clothing of the Fellowship of Fishmongers to be elected rent-gatherer and to keep all accounts, which are to be audited by the Chamberlain of London. The residue of the issues and profits, after all charges paid, to be laid up in the treasury - house of the fellowship, together with a further sum of one hundred marks to be paid by his executors, for the purpose of making loans upon sufficient security to poor members of the fellowship, who shall say five paternosters and five aves and a crede for his soul. In case of default made by the said wardens in carrying out the terms of his will the property is to go over to the Mayor and Commonalty and citizens of London and their successors for like purposes. Dated 13 April, A.D. 1513.—Also to the Fellowship of Fishmongers he leaves two tablecloths of diaper "with true loves," together with towels and napkins"of the same werk."
Roll 237 (12).

Monday the Feast of S. Gregory, Pope [12 March].

Coote (Henry), goldsmith.—To the Wardens and Commonalty of the Society of Goldsmiths within the City of London he leaves (among other things) a tenement called "le Hertes horne" in the parish of S. Mary Magdalen near Oldefisshestrete, and lands and tenements attached to the chantry founded by Thomas Lichefeld in the church of S. John Zacarie, called "Lichefeldes Chauntery," in trust for the maintenance of the said chantry for the souls of the said Thomas Lichefeld, Bartholomew Reed, late Knt., Alderman and goldsmith, Roger and Katherine, the parents of the said Bartholomew, and others, in manner as directed. In case of default the property to go over to the Bishop of London for the time being for like purposes. Dated 14 May, A.D. 1512.
Roll 237 (23).

Monday next before the Feast of Purification of V. Mary [2 Feb.].

Thwaytes (Thomas), mercer of London and burgess of the town of Calais.—To be buried in the chapel of S. Jerome within the Chartyrhous near London. Bequests to the curates of the parish church of Barnes and Our Lady of Aldermary in London, to the curates of the parish churches of Our Lady and of S. Nicholas in Calais, and to the "almous of either of the twoo Trinite tables" in Calais. His daughter Ursula to be maintained by his executors until such time as she be in the "abyte" of some religion; and if she become "professed in to some religion," he leaves to her divers household goods. To Master Morgan Huwes he leaves a Sparver, (fn. 12) with other stuff belonging to a bed, and some books. To the Abbess of Barkyng his written portuous and a Sparver, "the whiche sumtyme was Henryes the vjth." Chantries to be maintained in the parish church of S. Helyn in Assheby" beside Perteney, (fn. 13) co. Linc, the parish church of Tetney, the church of Our Lady in Calais, &c. A month's mind to be kept for his soul in the church of Our Lady of Aldermary, London. To the Prior and Convent of the Charter House he leaves all his jewels and stuff of his chapel for use in the aforesaid chapel of S. Jerome, and to every brother of the said house twelve pence. Proclamation of his decease to be made at Poules Cross and in either of the two parish churches of Calais for the purpose of adjusting any wrong he may have done any person during his life. Also to the Prior of the House or Church of the Salutation of the Blessed Mother of God of Charter House he leaves the reversion of certain lands and tenements in the parish of Our Lady of Aldermary. His other manors, lands, and tenements in the City of London, in the parish of Barnes, co. Surrey, and in the town of Calais to be sold to pay his debts. His leasehold interest in the manor of Barnes, held under the Dean and Chapter of S. Paul's, to be also sold, the said Dean and Chapter having the first refusal. To Thomas Barnewell and Margaret, wife of the same, he leaves one of his two mills in the "marche" of Calais. Dated 7 April, A.D. 1503.
Roll 237 (38).

ANNO 7 HENRY VIII.

Monday next before the Feast of S. Ambrose, Bishop [4 April].

Wodecok (Henry), scrivener of court - letter and freeman of the City of London.—To the parson of the parish church of our Blessed Lady of Strethall, co. Essex, an annual quitrent issuing from tenements in Buklersbury in the parishes of S. John in Walbroke and S. Benet Shorehogg, for the maintenance of three masses, viz., one of the blessed five wounds of our Lord, the second of our Blessed Lady, and the third a Requiem for the good of his soul, the souls of John Gardyner, Johan, sometime wife of the same and daughter of the testator, Henry their son, Johan the second wife of the aforesaid John Gardyner and daughter of Olyver Daniell, and others. Dated 24 October, A.D. 1515.
Roll 237 (43).

Monday next before the Feast of S. Margaret, Virgin [20 July].

Calley (William), draper.—To the honourable "Company" (fn. 14) of Drapers in London and to their successors he leaves certain tenements in the parish of S. Margaret in Lothebury, so that the said craft and company keep an obit within the "Frere Augustynes" (fn. 15) of London for the good of his soul, the souls of Mawde his wife and others, charged with certain charitable gifts in manner as directed. The said company and wardens of the craft to attend the said obit "and to take suche refeccion and Repast as the said Freres yerely ordeyn and prepaire for Norman"(sic); they are directed also to pay to the Wardens of the New College of Wynchestre (fn. 16) and to the two "boughsers" there five marks for an obit in the church of Alhalowen in Wynchestre or else in the Hospital of S. John in Wynchestre, and for blankets, sheets, &c., in the said hospital. The sum of thirty shillings out of the above five marks to be expended on three thousand "talwode" (fn. 17) to be given to sixty poor people in the city of Wynchestre and suburbs. (fn. 18) If the Master and Wardens of the Drapers of London fail in their duty the property is to go over to the Warden and Fellowship of the New College of Wynchestre aforesaid. To John Calley, otherwise called "Johannes wt the parsone of Lothebury," he leaves all his lands and tenements in Highway, (fn. 19) Clavaunce, (fn. 20) Hederden, (fn. 21) Enam, (fn. 22) and Andevour, (fn. 23) also at Saint Crosses (fn. 24) near Wynchestre, as well as in Horset (fn. 25) and Walcomstowe (fn. 26) "medowe" and elsewhere, as soon as the said John shall come to the age of twenty-five years; remainder in trust for sale for pious and charitable uses, ten pounds of the proceeds being to Rochester bridge and a similar sum to Crowmer "pere," co. Norfolk. Dated 24 April, A.D. 1515.
Roll 237 (50).

Calley (William), draper.—To be buried in the church of the Augustinian Friars. Bequests for the reparation of the chantries of S. Martin's Orgar and the reparation of All Hallows Church in Wynchestre, to the four orders of friars in Wynchestre, and for trentals and masses of the five wounds of our Lord Jesus Christ; also to John Calley, called "Johannes wt maister parsone of Lothebury," to his brother Purdew, to Thomas, William, Arthur, and Cissely Purdew, children of the said brother, and others. The residue of his goods he leaves to Mawde his wife. Dated 27 April, A.D. 1512.

Another will or codicil containing pecuniary legacies to Julian Heblyn, her daughter and sister, Katherine Borowdale, Robert Hailes, and others. Dated 26 April, A.D. 1515.
Roll 237 (51).

Monday next before the Feast of S. James Apostle [25 July].

Howdan (Isabella, late wife of Thomas, "merchaunt taillour"). —To the Master and Wardens of Merchaunt Taillours of the Guild or Fraternity of S. John the Baptist of the City of London an annual rent (and penalty) issuing from certain tenements in Bradstrete, charged with the annual payment of seven pounds three shillings and fourpence to a secular priest that can "syng well, surely, and querely his playne (fn. 27) and faburdon (fn. 28), the residue being devoted to the observance of her late husband's obit in the church of S. Mary Abchurch, with tapers, bell-ringing, yearly distribution of coals, &c., in manner as directed. In case of default made in carrying out the terms of the bequest the property is to go over to the parson and church wardens of the church of S. Mary aforesaid. Dated 17 June, A.D. 1515.
Roll 237 (53).

ANNO 8 HENRY VIII.

Monday next after the Feast of S. Mildred, Virgin [20 Feb.].

Fynche (James), "sherman."—To be buried in the cloister of Whytyngdone College in the "royalle" of London. Bequests to Master Dr. Dowce, the Master, and Fellows of the said college, and to the various orders of friars in London. To Elizabeth his daughter, wife of Philip Caruge (Carnge ?), he leaves his dwelling-house in part payment of her like portion that Margaret and Jane his daughters shall have, which portions to his said three daughters he intends to deliver to them in his lifetime. Dated 16 February, A.D. 1508.
Roll 238 (19).

Fynch (James), sherman.—To the Master and Wardens of the Fraternity of the Assumption of the Blessed Mary the Virgin of Shermen of the City of London and their successors he leaves his leasehold tenements in the parish of S. John upon Walbroke, in trust for the use of the President, the cook, the "lawneder," and other officials of Whityngdons College. Dated 15 February, A.D. 1508.
Roll 238 (20).

Monday next before the Feast of S. Botolph, Abbot [17 June].

Calley (William), draper.—To the Master and Wardens of the Guild or Fraternity of the Blessed Mary of the Drapers of London and brethren and sisters of the same he leaves divers tenements in the parishes of All Hallows de Honylane, S. Mary Wolchirche, and S. Margaret de Briggestrete, comprising a tenement called "le Gote on the hope" situate in the first-mentioned parish, charged, among other things, with the maintenance of a chantry in the church of S. Mary Wolchirche for the souls of Richard Shore, late Alderman (fn. 29) and draper, Beatrice, wife of the same, and others, and also with the observance of an obit, &c., in manner as directed...... [the rest of the mill is wanting] Dated 15 April, A.D. 1513.
Roll 238 (24).

ANNO 9 HENRY VIII.

Monday the Feast of S. Prisca, Virgin and Martyr [18 Jan.].

Alwyn (Nicholas), citizen and Alderman. (fn. 30) —His executors to hold certain messuages in the parishes of Our Lady of the Bowe and S. Mary Magdalen in Milkestrete in trust until Francis his son arrive at twenty-six years of age; and if the said Francis die before, then till Nicholas, son of Richard Alwyn, come to the same age. The said Francis to hold the same in tail; remainder to the said Nicholas in tail; remainders over. Similarly he leaves to his executors lands and tenements in Southwerk, co. Surrey, and in Spaldyng, co. Linc.; remainder to Francis and Nicholas aforesaid in successive tail; remainder in trust for sale, the proceeds being devoted to the repair of the parish church of Spalding, providing marriage portions for poor maidens of Spalding and Cowbit, and repairing "noyous heigh waies" and bridges, &c. Also to the said Nicholas he leaves the reversion of a certain great new place in Milkestrete formerly belonging to Henry Cantlowe. Dated 22 February, A.D. 1504.
Roll 238 (36).

Monday next before the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.].

Capell (William), Knt., Alderman and draper.—Devises the late dwelling-house of Jane, late Viscountess Lisle, (fn. 31) in the parish of S. Michael in Cornhill, of which he had become solely seised in trust for the purpose, to Master John Wardroper, parson, and the churchwardens of the said church of S. Michael and their successors, for pious uses for the souls of Edward Grey, late Viscount Lisle, Robert Drope, (fn. 32) late Mayor of London, and Master John Tregman, late husbands of the viscountess aforesaid, her father, mother, and others, with charitable gifts to the poor, &c., in manner as directed. The sum of thirteen shillings and four-pence out of the issues and profits is to be set aside yearly, according to the terms of the aforesaid lady's will, for the repair and gilding, whenever necessary, of the Sepulchre of our Lord within the aforesaid church, formerly erected by the before-mentioned Robert Drope, and also of the Crucifix with Mary and John and the other works which the said viscountess had caused to be made upon the "Rodeloft" in the said church. In case of default made by the rector and churchwardens in carrying out these and other terms of the devise, the property is to go over to the Master and Wardens of the Fraternity of our Blessed Lady of Drapers of the City of London under like conditions. Dated 18 December, A.D. 1506.
Roll 238 (39).

ANNO 10 HENRY VIII.

Monday next before the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct].

Calley (William), draper.—To Elizabeth, late wife of John Peke, esquire, he leaves a certain messuage and garden, of which he was solely seised in trust, called "Longestone," situate in the parish of S. Botolph without Aldersgate, for life; remainder to the Master, Wardens, "Brethern" and "Sistern" of the Guild or Fratemity of our Blessed Lady of Drapers of London, charged with the maintenance of an obit in the church of S. Michael upon Cornhill in manner as directed. Dated 23 March, A.D. 1506.
Roll 238 (58).

Monday next before the Feast of S. Mathias, Apostle [24 Feb.].

Rawson (Cristofer), mercer and merchant of the Staple at Cales.—Leaves his wharf and houses called "the old Wolle Kay" in the parish of All Hallows, Barking, in trust for John, Thomas, and Richard his sons and the heirs male of their bodies; remainder in trust for Margaret and Katherine his daughters and the heirs male of their bodies; remainder in trust for John and Walter, sons of Nicholas Rawson his brother, in successive tail male; remainder in trust for Averey Rawson his brother; remainder over. The "owners in use" of the said houses are to keep an obit in the church of S. Mary Magdalen in Milkestrete for the good of his soul, the souls of Margaret and Agnes his wives, and others. A chantry priest to be also maintained in the aforesaid church and the church of All Hallows, Barking, respectively. His feoffees in trust of the above houses, &c., are to choose some substantial and discreet man, being a freeman of the City, to whom they are to give seisin of the same, in order that the person so seised according to the custom of the City may with counsel's advice make a good and sure devise of the same to a good and sure body corporate (fn. 33) for the good and sure performance of the chantries, obits, &c., aforesaid; the man so making such devise to be prayed for continually by the aforesaid chantry priests. Dated 30 September, A.D. 1518.
Roll 238 (68).

Footnotes

  • 1. 4 Of Candlewick Ward.
  • 2. 5 Of Castle Baynard Ward.
  • 3. 1 See Hust. Roll 235 (2).
  • 4. 2 See note supra, p. 334.
  • 5. 3 It will be seen that in this Roll the membranes are transposed, and the years count backward, beginning with the last membrane.
  • 6. 4 From the return made by the Company to the Commission of 1880 it appears that the Company's estate under the will of Agnes Carter comprises the Synagogue in Carter Street, Hounds-ditch, tenements known as Nos. 18-22, Carter Street, the Cloth Exchange, and other premises in Exchange Place, Cutler Street, and White Street (Report Livery Companies Com., 1884, vol. iii. pp. 340-41).
  • 7. 1 Members of the Company ranking beneath those of the Livery and above those who enjoyed the mere freedom. In some companies (e. g., those of the Merchant Taylors and Ironmongers) they were known as yeomen. They had their own warden. The earliest minute-book of the Grocers' Company (fol. 165) has the following note under the year 1428: "Item of diverse persones Ikallyd bacheleris to the glazing of the parlour, Summa ixli. xiijs. iiijd."
  • 8. 2 His will enrolled supra, p. 605.
  • 9. 1 See note 3, supra, p. 605.
  • 10. 2 A conduct or conductor was strictly speaking a farmer of the revenues of a church, one who undertook to collect them for a certain sum. The term was more loosely applied to any overseer or administrator, and more especially to one who superintended a choir. Among the churchwardens' accounts of the church of S. Michael, Cornhill, for the year 1509, there is an agreement with Henry Orlow, "conduct" of the said church, whereby he covenants among other things to "be present in syngyng and helpyng of the service of God" on the principal festivals and "other suche dayes as orgayns shall there be occupied," and further to find four children to help the choir on principal feasts and holy days in "syngyng of pryksong and playnsong." The Corporation exercised the right of appointment of ministers and "conducts" of Christ Church, Newgate ('Remembrancia,' p. 126).
  • 11. 3 An information was filed 21 November, 1833, by the Attorney-General against the Fishmongers' Company respecting the Company's estates under this will, an account of which, as also of subsequent proceedings at law, will be found in Mr. Hare's Report on the charities of the Company to the Charity Commissioners in 1861. (See also Law Reports, 2 Beavan, 151.) The Company took counsel's opinion in 1841 upon certain questions, one being as to whether they were still bound to pay the sum of forty shillings to the prisons of Ludgate and Newgate. Counsel advised that in their opinion the Company could not safely dispense with that payment. This sum continued to be paid to the City Chamberlain at least down to the year 1861.
  • 12. 1 Royston, where there was a Priory of Black Canons.
  • 13. 1 The canopy or wooden frame of a bed; sometimes, as here, applied to the bed itself. "Lict de parement—. a bed of State, or a great Sparver bed, that serves only for shew, or to set out a room" (Cotgrave, s.v. "Parement").
  • 14. 2 Ashby, commonly called Ashby-by-Spilsby, to distinguish it from other villages of the same name and in the same part of the county, is distant about two miles from Spilsby, and one mile and a half from Partney.
  • 15. 1 The first occasion of the use of this term in place of Guild or Fraternity.
  • 16. 2 Austin Friars.
  • 17. 1 The college of S. Mary of Winchester, founded by William of Wykeham in connexion with the college of S. Mary Winton at Oxford, called "New College."
  • 18. 2 Firewood cut into long billets, called talgwode and talshide (Riley).
  • 19. 3 It is probably to these gifts that Mr. Hare refers when he says: "William Cawley [or Crawley], as appears by an old book of the Drapers' Company, directed them to pay 2l. 3s. 4d. annually to the Mayor of Winchester for the use of the poor of that city. The payment is annually made by the Company on the receipt of the Mayor" (Appendix to Livery Companies Commissioners' Report, 1884, vol. iv. p. 130).
  • 20. 4 Near Calne, co. Wilts.
  • 21. 5 Clafford (?), near Andover.
  • 22. 6 Hatherden, near Andover.
  • 23. 7 Enham, near Andover.
  • 24. 8 Andover, co. Hants.
  • 25. 9 St. Cross.
  • 26. 10 Horseheath, co. Cambridge,
  • 27. 11 Walthamstow, co. Essex.
  • 28. 1 See note supra, p. 600.
  • 29. 2 A corruption of faux-bourdon, simple kind of counterpoint to the church plain song, in other words a harmony to the ancient chant. Derived from bordon or bourdon, signifying (1) a pilgrim's staff; (2) from similarity in form, the bass pipe or drone of the bagpipe, and thence simply a deep bass note.
  • 30. 1 Of Farringdon Ward Without.
  • 31. 2 Of Bassishaw Ward.
  • 32. 1 Concerning this lady Stow remarks that she was buried in the church of S. Michael, Cornhill, by the side of her first husband, in 1500; and that "she gave ninety pounds in money to the beautifying of that church, and her great messuage, with the appurtenance, which was by her executors, Mr. Caple and other, 1517, the 9th of Henry VIII., assured to John Wardroper, parson, T. Clearke, W. Dixson, and John Murdon, wardens of the said church, and their successors for ever, they to keep yearly for her an obitc, or anniversary, to be spent on the poor, and otherwise, in all three pounds, the rest of the profits to be employed in reparation of the church." The same authority—who, by the way, is not always right in his dates, as already mentioned (p. 592, note)—further tells us that the parishioners afterwards gave up the property as chantry land, "and wronged themselves," and that the tomb and monument of these benefactors to the church had been pulled down (' Survey,' Thoms's ed., pp. 74-75).
  • 33. 2 See note supra, p. 592.
  • 34. 1 This was one of the methods employed for evading the provisions of the various statutes of Mortmain. (See Introd., Part I., pp. xxxvii-xxxviii.)