Prebendaries: Alton Australis

Pages 42-43

Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066-1300: Volume 4, Salisbury. Originally published by Institute of Historical Research, London, 1991.

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Manor of Alton Pancras (Dorset) part of pre-Conquest episcopal estates of Sherborne (see AS Chs. Sherborne pp. xxxviii-xxxix, xlii, xliv, xlv, no. 13; DB I 75d). One of several 'villas preter militum terras' given to cans. by bp. Osmund 1091 (carta). Conf. by pope 26 Nov. 1146 (PUE II no. 53 p. 209). Church, not part of preb., was gr. by bp. Jocelin to communa 1150s or 1160s (RSO I 219-20; cf. ibid. pp. 221-2).

Two prebs. prob. in existence by c. 1150 (Psalter list). In 1220s, called 'Awelton' arch[idiaconi]' and 'Awelton" (C. 462, pd. Sar. Chs. p. 207); both called 'Awelton' without distinction in 1226 (RSO II 72). Called 'Awelton' Sancti Pancratii' and 'Awelton' in 1284 (app. 2). Distinction in 1291 between 'Aulton in Suthbury' (i.e. Australis) and 'in Northbury' (i.e. Borealis) (Taxatio p. 182a).

Both den.-prebs.; decani side; terms of residence c. 1270: 'Awelton' Pancratii' Oct.-Dec., and 'Awelton" Apr.-June.


1220s 8m.; 1226 8m; c. 1284 100s.; 1291 £8


It is not until Jan. 1329 that the holders of this preb. can certainly be distinguished from the holders of Borealis, but from that time the succession can be traced backwards in Reg. Martival I 387-8 and Reg. Gandavo II 805, 715, 640, 579, to William de Braybrok, who occ. 1297-8 (2 Fasti III 21, and below). If 'Alton Pancras' is to be identified with Australis, and 'Archidiaconi' with Borealis, the earlier succession in the two prebs. would be as below.

[Gilbert de Axminstre

Occ. as one of two prebs. of Alton, perhaps this preb., Oct. 1226 x Feb. 1227 (app. 1). Presum. to be identified with Gilbert of Stalbridge, (fn. 1) who cannot otherwise be assigned to a preb.: he was still a clk., parson of Stalbridge, 26 March 1222 (RSO I 323), but was can. by 15 Aug. 1226 (ibid. II 60). Occ. several times. Last occ. 31 Dec. 1236 (Cart. Glastonbury I 63).]

[M. Roger Baret

Not called can. when res. a church in this dioc. before 7 Oct. 1280 (CPR 1272-81 p. 398). First occ. as can. 9 Oct. 1282 (Reg. Epp. Peckham II 420). Occ. as preb. 'Awelton Sancti Pancratii' May-June 1284 (app. 2). Also can. of Exeter and Wells. Last occ. 10 May 1288 (app. 3). As rector of Launton (Oxon.), d. by 6 Oct. 1292 (Reg. Sutton VIII 178). Commem. 8 July (Exeter obit.: Exeter D. & C. MS 3625 fo. iv r), 12 July (Exeter obit.: BL, Harley MS 863 fo. 4r). Perhaps to be identified with man of same name who was presented by abbot of Glastonbury to St Stephen's, Bristol, 1262, and to Street 1268-9 (Longleat Muniment 10590 fo. 12r), and also occ. as clk. of Exeter dioc. 1264 (Reg. Urbain IV no. 1971, cal. CPL I 414).]

William de Braybrok

Not called can., occ. as rector of Wittenham, beneficiary and executor of bp. Nicholas Longespee's will, dated 14 Feb. 1295/6 (EHR xv (1900) 525, 526). First occ. as can. 2 March 1297 (CCR 1296-1302 p. 92). Transf. from this preb. to preb. Beminster I, coll. 11 Aug. 1298 (list 18).

M. Walter Burdon (fn. 2)

Coll. to preb. previously held by William de Braybrok, 22 Sept. 1298 (Reg. Gandavo II 579). Also archdn. of Gloucester from 1295 (1 Fasti II 109). Transf. to preb. Horton, coll. 18 Nov. 1304 (Reg. Gandavo II 639-40).


  • 1. Dorset; 'Stapelbrigg', see A. Fägersten, Place-Names of Dorset (Uppsala, 1933), p. 36. Stalbridge is about 10 miles north of Alton Pancras.
  • 2. M.A., D.Th., chanc. of Oxford univ. 1306; for his career, see Biog. Ox. I 307.