Inquisitions Post Mortem, Edward III, File 78

Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem: Volume 8, Edward III. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1913.

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'Inquisitions Post Mortem, Edward III, File 78', in Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem: Volume 8, Edward III, (London, 1913) pp. 434-448. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/inquis-post-mortem/vol8/pp434-448 [accessed 13 April 2024]

Inquisitions Post Mortem, Edward III, File 78

598. THOMAS DE PABENHAM.
Writ, 10 March, 19 Edward III.
NORTHAMPTON. Inq. taken at Morton by Canounnes Assheby, 6 May, 19 Edward III.
Thenford. The manor (extent given) held jointly with Alice his wife, by fine levied in the king’s court, of John de Wolverton by service of a moiety of a knight’s fee and 5s. yearly.
He died on Saturday after St. Matthias, 19 Edward III. Lawrence his son, aged 11 years, is his next heir.
NORTHAMPTON. Inq. 7 May, 19 Edward III.
Irencestre. A moiety of the manor (extent given) held of Henry, earl of Lancaster, by service of a moiety of a knight’s fee; and a virgate of land, which sometime belonged to John le Savage, without messuage, meadow or pasture, held of Roger de Grey by the foreign services thereto pertaining.
Irtlyngburgh. 8a. in the meadow of Irtlyngburgh held of the abbot of Peterborough by service of 2s. yearly.
Undele. 50s. yearly rent held of Roger de Grey, from a carucate of land which Basilia, late the wife of John de Croylond, holds to herself and her heirs. The same rent is parcel of other tenements which the said Thomas held of the aforesaid Roger de Grey in Harewolde, co. Bedford.
Date of death and heir, as above.
Writ, 10 March, 19 Edward III.
BEDFORD. Inq. Wednesday after the Invention of the Holy Cross, 19 Edward III.
Hynewyk. 1a. land in demesne, and a messuage and 11a. land in service, held in demesne and service, rendering 2s. yearly to the king at the exchequer by the hands of the sheriff.
Harewolde. Nine messuages, 120a. land, 9s. rent, 200a. wood and 30a. pasture, held of Sir Roger de Grey by service of a quarter of a knight’s fee.
Hynewyk. A messuage and a carucate of land held jointly with Alice his wife of the said Roger, by his enfeoffment to them and the heirs of their bodies, by service of 40s. yearly; a toft held jointly as above, to them and the heirs of the said Thomas, of the said Roger by service of a sparrowhawk or 16d. yearly; and the whole manor, except the aforesaid tenements which are held of the said Roger, is held to the said Thomas and Alice and the heirs of the said Thomas, of Elizabeth la Latymer by service of a knight’s fee and a half and by suit at her court of Bedford every three weeks.
Pabenham. The manor held jointly with Alice his wife of the said Elizabeth la Latymer by service of a knight’s fee and a half.
Farendyss. The manor held jointly with Alice his wife of the heir of John Boweles of Wardon by service of a tenth part of a knight’s fee.
Date of death and heir, as above.
Commission to Simon de Drayton, William Moigne and Richard Knyvet, because the inquisitions taken by the escheators of cos. Northampton and Bedford as to the lands &c. which belonged to the said Thomas are insufficient, commanding them to make diligent enquiry therein in the presence of Master John de Offord, to whom the king has committed the wardship thereof, 12 May, 19 Edward III.
Mandate from the said commissioners to the sheriff of co. Northampton, commanding him to cause twenty-four knights &c. to come to Hegham Ferers on Sunday after St. Barnabas [next] to make enquiry as aforesaid, and to warn the said Master John thereof, 5 June, 19 Edward III.
Endorsed by the sheriff that he has warned the said Master John accordingly.
Jury panel (undated).
NORTHAMPTON. Inq. taken at Hegham Fereres on Sunday after St. Barnabas, 19 Edward III.
Irencestre. A moiety of the manor held of Henry, earl of Lancaster, by service of a moiety of a knight’s fee; and a virgate of land held of Roger de Grey by doing suit at the said Roger’s court of Sharnebrok every three weeks.
Irtlyngburgh. 6a. meadow held of the abbot of Peterborough by service of 4s. yearly; and 2a. meadow held of Simon de Draiton by service of 12d. yearly.
Undele. 60a. land held of Roger de Grey by service of a quarter of a knight’s fee.
Thenford. The manor held jointly with Alice his wife, by fine levied in the king’s court at Westminster on the quinzaine of St. Michael, 13 Edward III, to them and the heirs of their bodies, of John de Wolverton by service of a moiety of a knight’s fee and 5s. yearly.
Date of death and heir, as above.
Similar mandate from the said commissioners to the sheriff of co. Bedford to cause twenty-four knights &c. to come to Sharnebrok to enquire as above, 5 June, 19 Edward III.
Similarly endorsed.
Jury panel (undated).
Memorandum by the sheriff of co. Bedford that he had warned the said Master John, who, though solemnly called, came not; wherefore the inquisition was taken in his absence (undated).
BEDFORD. Inq. taken at Sharnebrok on Sunday after St. Barnabas, 19 Edward III.
Hynewyk. A messuage and 12a. land held in demesne and reversion of the king, rendering to him 2s. yearly at his exchequer by the hands of the sheriff.
Harewold. Nine messuages, 120a. land, 9s. rent, 200a. wood, and 30a. pasture, held of Roger de Grey by service of a quarter of a knight’s fee.
Hynewyk. The manor held jointly with Alice his wife, by fine levied in the king’s court at Westminster on the octave of St. Michael, 14 Edward III, to them and the heirs of the said Thomas, of Elizabeth late the wife of William le Latymer by service of a knight’s fee and a half and by suit at her court at Bedford every three weeks; a messuage and a carucate of land held jointly as above, by fine levied in the king’s court at Westminster on the day aforesaid, to them and the heirs of their bodies, of the said Roger de Grey by service of 40s. yearly; and a toft held jointly as above, to them and the heirs of the said Thomas, of the said Roger de Grey by service of a sparrowhawk or 16d. yearly.
Pabenham. The manor held jointly with the said Alice, to them and the heirs of their bodies, by fine levied in the king’s court at Westminster on the day aforesaid, of Elizabeth late the wife of William le Latymer by service of a knight’s fee and a half and suit at her court at Bedford every three weeks.
Farendyssh. The manor held jointly with the said Alice, by fine levied in the king’s court at Westminster on the day aforesaid, to them and the heirs of their bodies, of John de Boweles of Wardone and his heirs by service of a tenth part of a knight’s fee.
Date of death and heir, as above.
Writ of certiorari to the barons and treasurer of the exchequer, commanding them to search the rolls &c. of the exchequer and certify the king in the chancery whether or not John de Pabenham, deceased, held of him in chief any fee or part of a fee in Henewyk and Pabenham, and made any payment for the same by scutage or otherwise, in the times of King Edward II, and King Edward I; 18 May, 19 Edward III.
Endorsed: Let it be enrolled in Holy Trinity term, 19 [Edward III], roll 1.
Return by the said treasurer &c. On searching the rolls &c. of the exchequer, it was found in the Red Book of fees, under scutages for the years 2 to 13 of King John, that John de Pabenham held a knight’s fee in the said second year, and in the fifth year a quarter of a knight’s fee, for both which he paid scutage to the said king; but no mention was made in what towns the said fees were, or of whom they were held. It was also found in a certain book of fees, extracted from inquisitions taken ex officio, viz. in Bedford and Buckingham under the title, ‘Baronie domini Willelmi de Bello Campo, Bed’ que est capitalis honor’, among the names of townships and their tenants held of the king, that John de Pabenham held in Hynewyk and Pabenham half a fee of the said honour. It was found, moreover, in the roll of particulars of the account of Walter de Mollesworth and Henry de Prayeres, collectors of the aid of fees granted to King Edward I for marrying his eldest daughter in the 18th year of his reign, viz. 40s. from every knight’s fee in the counties of Bedford and Buckingham, and levied in the said king’s 30th year, that the said collectors are charged with 10s. pertaining to John de Pabenham for the aid aforesaid, viz. for a quarter of a knight’s fee in Hynewyk and Pabenham, in the hundred of Wylye. Anything else touching the tenancy of John de Pabenham has not been found. (Undated.)
Writ of certiorari to the said treasurer &c. to search and certify &c. (as above) whether John son and heir of John de Pabenham, deceased, held of the king in chief any fee or part of a fee in Wyldene, 18 May, 19 Edward III. Endorsed as above.
Return by the said treasurer &c. On searching the rolls it was found that John, son and heir of John de Pabenham, gave to the present king 50s. for his relief for the manor of Wilden, co. Bedford, which the said John the father held of the king, as of the honour of Peverell, by service of a moiety of a knight’s fee. It was also found in the roll of particulars of Walter de Mollesworth and Henry de Prayeres, collectors of the feudal aid granted to King Edward I, for marrying his eldest daughter, in the 18th year of his reign, viz. 40s. from each knight’s fee in the counties of Bedford and Buckingham, and levied in the 30th year of his reign, that the said collectors are charged with 40s. concerning John son of John de Pabenham, for a knight’s fee in Sharnebrok, Lega and Radewell. No mention is made of the manor or township of Willeden, and nothing touching the tenancy of the said John de Pabenham has been found at present. (Undated.)
Copy of letters patent of the king, reciting the above returns made by the treasurer and barons of the exchequer for the information of all whom it may concern. Westminster, 31 May, 19 Edward III.
Endorsed: Roger de Grey has appointed William Croyser and Thomas de Tothewyk as his attorneys to sue in the chancery to get out of the king’s hands all the lands &c. which are held of him by knight’s service and were seised into the king’s hand by reason of the minority of Lawrence, son and heir of Thomas Pabenham, deceased.
Writ of certiorari to the treasurer and chamberlains, concerning the tenor of a certain foot of fine levied in the king’s court before the justices of the Bench, 31 Edward I, at York, between Margery Criell and John de Pabenham, touching a messuage, 60a. wood, 60a. pasture, 4 carucates and 2 1/4 virgates of land, except 53 1/2a. land, in Henewyk by Podynton and Harewode, co. Bedford, and 50s. rent in Undle, co. Northampton; of another foot of fine levied in the same court there before the same justices, 33 Edward I, between John de Pabenham and Elizabeth his wife, and Margery de Criell, touching the same messuages &c. in Harewode and Henewik; and of another foot of fine levied in the court of King Edward II, before the justices of the Bench, 2 Edward II, between John de Pabenham and Elizabeth his wife, and Margery late the wife of Nicholas de Criell, touching a messuage, a carucate of land, 20a. meadow, 8a. pasture and 8 marks rent in Theneford; of another foot of fine levied in the same court in 9 Edward II, between John de Pabenham the elder and Elizabeth his wife, and Alan de Tadelowe, touching a messuage, a virgate of land and 6s. and 1lb. cummin rent in Ircestre, co. Northampton, and touching the manor of Farnedich and the advowson of the said manor, co. Bedford; and of another foot of fine levied in the same court in the year aforesaid, between John de Pabenham the elder and Elizabeth his wife, and Alan de Tadelowe, touching the manor of Pabenham; 15 June, 19 Edward III.
Endorsed that the treasurer and chamberlains send transcripts of the above-mentioned feet of fines.
Copy of a foot of fine levied in the king’s court at York on the morrow of St. Martin, 31 Edward I, between Margery de Cryol and John de Pabenham, touching a messuage, 60a. wood &c. as above, in Hynewyk, Harewolde and Undle, which the said John acknowledges to be the right of the said Margery, and surrenders them to her in the said court, to hold to her and her heirs, of the chief lords of that fee by the services thereto belonging; and for this acknowledgment &c. the said Margery gave to the said John 100 marks of silver.
Copy of a foot of fine levied in the king’s court at York on the octave of Holy Trinity, 32 Edward I, and afterwards recorded and granted at Westminster three weeks from Easter day, 33 Edward I, between John de Pabenham and Elizabeth his wife, and Margery de Cryoll, touching the same messuage &c. as above, in Harewold and Hynewyk, which the said Margery acknowledged to be the right of the said John, as those [tenements] which the said John and Elizabeth have of her gift, to hold to them and the heirs of their bodies, of the chief lords of that fee by the services thereto belonging, with remainder to the right heirs of the said John.
Copy of a foot of fine levied in the king’s court at Westminster on the octave of St. Hilary, 2 Edward II, between John de Pabenham and Elizabeth his wife, and Margery late the wife of Nicholas de Crioll, touching a messuage, a carucate of land &c. in Theneford, as in the above writ, which the said John and Elizabeth acknowledged to be the right of the said Margery, who thereupon granted and surrendered the said tenements to them, to hold to them and the heirs of the body of the said Elizabeth, of the said Margery and her heirs, rendering to her for the same 30l. yearly for her life, and after her death a rose every year to her heirs, and doing to the chief lords of that fee, for the said Margery and her heirs, all other services thereto belonging; with remainder to Margery Hereward and the heirs of her body, to hold of the said Margery de Crioll and her heirs by the aforesaid services, and reversion to the said Margery de Crioll and her heirs, to hold of the chief lords of that fee by the services thereto belonging.
Copy of a foot of fine levied in the king’s court at Westminster a month from Easter day, 9 Edward II, between Alan de Tadeloue, and John de Pabenham the elder and Elizabeth his wife, touching the manor and advowson of Farnedish and a messuage &c. in Irencestre, as in the above writ, which Henry de Farndissh holds for his life; which tenements and advowson the said John and Elizabeth acknowledged to be the right of the said Alan, and granted the reversion thereof, which ought to revert to them and the said John’s heirs, to the said Alan and his heirs, to hold of the chief lords of that fee by the services thereto belonging; and for this acknowledgment &c. the said Alan gave to the said John and Elizabeth 200 marks of silver. The said Henry was present and did fealty to the said Alan in the same court.
Copy of a foot of fine levied in the king’s court at Westminster on the morrow of St. John the Baptist, 9 Edward II, between John de Pabenham the elder and Elizabeth his wife, and Alan de Tadeloue, touching the manor of Pabenham, which the said John acknowledged to be the right of the said Alan by the gift of the said John; and for this acknowledgment &c. the said Alan granted the said manor to the said John and Elizabeth, and surrendered it to them in the same court, to hold to them and the heirs of the said John, of the chief lords of that fee by the services thereto belonging. John de Pabenham the younger pledges his claim.
Writ to Thomas de S[wynford, Hugh de Croft and Henry] Trailly, assigning them to enquire concerning the lands &c. which were of Thomas de Pabenham, in the presence of Master John de Offord to whom the king has granted the wardship &c., the inquisitions taken by Simon de Drayton, William Moigne and Richard Knyvet being insufficient; and the king has commanded the sheriffs of cos. Northampon and Bedford to cause juries to come before them on such days and at such places as the commissioners shall appoint; 8 July, 19 Edward III.
Writ to the sheriff of Northampton to provide a jury as required by the above commissioners, 8 July, 19 Edward III.
Mandate of the aforesaid commissioners to the said sheriff to cause a jury of 24 &c. to come before them at Hey ham Ferers on Thursday before St. Margaret [next] and to warn the said Master John to be present; Sunday after the Translation of St. Thomas the Martyr, 19 Edward III.
Endorsed by the sheriff that he has made return of this mandate to Ralph le Deystere, bailiff of the liberty of Henry, earl of Lancaster, of the hundred of Hegham, who has the return of all the king’s writs and mandates, and who replies as appears in the annexed panel, and states that he has warned the said Master John.
Jury panel (undated).
NORTHAMPTON. Inq. Thursday before St. Margaret, 19 Edward III.
Irencestre. A moiety of the manor held of Henry, earl of Lancaster, by service of a moiety of a knight’s fee; and a virgate of land held of Roger de Grey by doing suit at the said Roger’s court of Sharnebrok every three weeks.
Master John de Offord, though solemnly called, came not nor any attorney for him.
Irtlyngburgh. 6a. meadow held of the abbot of Peterborough by service of 4s. yearly; and 2a. meadow held of Simon de Draiton by service of 12d. yearly.
Undele. 60a. land held of Roger de Grey by service of a quarter of a knight’s fee.
Thenford. The manor held jointly with Alice his wife, by a fine levied in the king’s court at Westminster on the quinzaine of St. Michael, 13 Edward III, viz. to the said Thomas and Alice and the heirs of their bodies; which manor is held of John de Wolverton by service of a moiety of a knight’s fee and 5s. yearly.
He held nothing of the king in the county.
He died on Saturday next after St. Matthias, 19 Edward III. Lawrence his son, aged 11 years, is his next heir.
Writ to the sheriff of Bedford to provide a jury as required by the said commissioners, 8 July, 19 Edward III.
Mandate of the aforesaid commissioners to the said sheriff to cause a jury of 24 &c. to come before them at Melcheboum on Friday before St. Margaret [next] and to warn Master John de Offord to be present; Sunday after the Translation of St. Thomas the Martyr, 19 Edward III.
Endorsed by the sheriff that the execution of this mandate appears in the panel annexed, and that he has warned the said Master John.
Jury panel (undated).
BEDFORD. Inq. Friday before St. Margaret, 19 Edward III.
Hynewyk. A messuage and 12a. land held in demesne and reversion of the king by rendering 2s. yearly at his exchequer by the hands of the sheriff.
Harewold. Nine messuages, 120a. land, 9s. rent, 200a. wood, and 30a. pasture, held of Roger de Grey by service of a quarter of a knight’s fee.
Hynewyk. The manor held jointly with Alice his wife by a fine levied in the king’s court at Westminster on the octave of St. Michael, 14 Edward III, to them and the heirs of the said Thomas, of Elizabeth late the wife of William le Latymer by service of a knight’s fee and a half and by suit at the said Elizabeth’s court at Bedford every three weeks; a messuage and a carucate of land similarly held by a fine of the same date, to them and the heirs of their bodies, of the said Roger de Grey by service of 40s. yearly; and a toft similarly held, to them and the heirs of the said Thomas, of the said Roger de Grey by service of a sparrow hawk or 16d. yearly.
Pabenham. The manor similarly held, to them and the heirs of their bodies, by a fine of the same date, of Elizabeth late the wife of William le Latymer by service of a knight’s fee and a half and by suit at her court at Bedford every three weeks.
Farendissh. The manor similarly held by a fine of the same date, to them and the heirs of their bodies, of John de Boweles of Wardon and his heirs by service of a tenth part of a knight’s fee.
Master John de Offord, though solemnly called, came not, nor any attorney for him.
He died on Saturday after St. Matthias, 19 Edward III. Lawrence his son, aged 11 years, is his next heir.
Writ of certiorari to the treasurer and barons of the exchequer to search the rolls &c. of the exchequer and certify whether or not John de Pabenham held of the king in chief any fee, or part of a fee, in Henewyk and Pabenham and paid anything by way of scutage or otherwise for the same in the times of King Edward II and King Edward I &c. 1 August, 19 dward III.
Endorsed: Let it be enrolled in Trinity term, of the year 19, roll 21.
Return by the said treasurer and barons, being a duplicate of the return made to the similar writ of 18 May, 19 Edward III (undated).
Writ of scire facias to the sheriff of cos. Bedford and Buckingham. Whereas the king committed to Master John de Offord the wardship of the said Thomas’s lands &c. and by divers inquisitions returned into the chancery it was found that the said Thomas held no lands &c. of the king, except a messuage and 12a. land in Hynewyk, but that he held jointly with Alice his wife, who still survives, the manors of Hynewyk, Pabenham, Farendissh and Thenford, and other tenements in Hynewyk, and divers other lands &c. in his demesne as of fee on the day he died, of Henry, earl of Lancaster, Roger de Grey, Elizabeth late the wife of William le Latymer, the abbot of Peterborough, Simon de Drayton and John de Wolverton, on whose behalf and that of William Croiser, who has now married the said Alice, and of the said Alice, it has been prayed that the king would cause his hand to be removed from the said manors &c.; he is commanded to warn the said Master John to be before the king in his chancery on the morrow of the Decollation of St. John the Baptist next, to show why the king should not do as is prayed &c. 11 August, 19 Edward III.
Endorsed by the sheriff that he has warned the said Master John accordingly.
Similar writ to the sheriff of Huntingdon, 11 August, 19 Edward III. Similarly endorsed.
Writ of certiorari to the sheriff of cos. Bedford and Buckingham. Whereas by part of a certain fine lately levied in the king’s court between Thomas de Pabenham and John son of John de Pabenham, touching the manor of Wilden, co. Bedford, and the manor of Emberton, co. Buckingham, [and] shown before the king in his chancery, it was found that the said John son of John had granted for himself and his heirs the reversion of the said manors, which Joan late the wife of John de Pabenham, knight, the younger, held for her life of the inheritance of the said John son of John, and which after her death ought to revert to the said John and his heirs, to the said Thomas and his heirs for ever; he is commanded to enquire whether the said Thomas on the day he died was seised of the said manors &c. 12 August, 19 Edward III.
BEDFORD. Inq. Sunday after the Assumption, 19 Edward III.
Wyldene &c. The said Thomas was not seised nor had anything in his demesne as of fee, in service or in reversion in the manor of Wyldene and held no lands &c. of the king in chief in the county; but he held certain lands &c. in Hynewyk, Harewold, Pabenham and Farendissh, as stated in the above inquisition made on Friday before St. Margaret, 19 Edward III.
[Memorandum.] [Master John de Offord says that?] all the said lands &c. in Hynewyk and Pabenham are held of the king in chief by knight’s service and that for that cause all the other lands &c. [which are not?] so held, of which the said Thomas died seised, ought to remain in the king’s hand as wardship. As to the said tenements, of which the said Alice asserts that she was jointly enfeoffed, the said Master John says that a certain Margery, who [was the wife of Nicholas de C]riell, was seised as of fee and right of all the said tenements in Hynewyk, except the said messuage and 12a. land held of the king, and of all the said lands &c. in Harewold and Thenford, and she gave the said tenements in Hynewyk and Harewold to the said John de Pabenham [and Elizabeth his wife] and the heirs of their bodies; and the said Margery afterwards, by fine levied in the king’s court, … Edward I, [acknowledged] the said tenements in Hynewyk and Harewold to be the right of the said John and Elizabeth, and surrendered them to them, to hold to them and the heirs of their bodies; and the said Margery, by another fine in the court of King Edward I, surrendered the said manor of Thenford to the said John and Elizabeth, to hold in form aforesaid, and thereupon presented to the court here … of the king’s exchequer sent into the chancery by the king’s order, which testify this; and the said Master John says that, by virtue of the king’s gift, [the said John] and Elizabeth were seised of the said manor of Thenford and of the said lands &c. in Hynewyk and Harewold, except the said messuage and 12a., by form of the gift and surrender aforesaid; and that the said John and Elizabeth had issue the said Thomas, [and that the said Elizabeth?] after the death of the said John, fully surrendered and demised the estate which she had in the said tenements to the said Thomas, as the son and heir of the said John and Elizabeth … to hold according to the gift and fines aforesaid; which said Thomas, as such son and heir, peacefully continued his said estate until [the day of] his death; without that, that Adam, parson of the church of Brockebrok, and Hugh de Fynemere, who, the said Alice pretends, surrendered the said tenements to her and to the said Thomas, sometime her husband, by the fines aforesaid, had anything in the said tenements; and after the death of the said Thomas the said Lawrence his son entered thereupon as his heir, and so the present king, by reason of the said Lawrence’s minority, seized the wardship of the said tenements, because the said Thomas on the day he died held of the present king in chief, and committed the said wardship to the said Master John, to hold until the lawful age of the said heir, and he seeks judgment, the premisses having been considered, whether the king ought to remove his hand from the said lands &c. As to the manor of Farendissh, the said Master John says that Alan de Tadelowe, by fine levied in the king’s court, 9 Edward III, between the said John de Pabenham the elder and Elizabeth, plaintiffs; and the said Alan, deforciant, granted that the said manor, which Henry de Farendissh then held for his life, of the inheritance of the said Alan, and which, after the said Henry’s death, ought to revert to the said Alan and his heirs, should remain to the said John and Elizabeth for their lives, and then to Margaret, their daughter, for her life, and then to Thomas, their son, and his heirs for ever, and thereupon he exhibited to the court here a part of the said fine, which testifies this; by reason whereof the said John and Elizabeth were seised thereof after the death of the said Henry, and continued their seisin jointly until the said John’s death, after which John his son brought a writ of waste against the said Elizabeth concerning the manor of Pabenham, and recovered the said manor together with damages according to the form of the statute, in execution whereof there was delivered to the said John son of John a moiety of the said manor of Farendissh, to hold until the said damages had been satisfied; which said John son of John demised the estate he so had in the said moiety to the said Thomas, and afterwards the said Elizabeth demised the other moiety of the said manor of Farendissh to the said Thomas to hold for his life, and so he was seised of the whole manor; and afterwards as well the said John as the said Elizabeth quitclaimed all their right in the said manor to the said Thomas and his heirs for ever, and so the said Master John says that the said Thomas died sole seised of the said manor, without that, that the aforesaid Adam and Hugh ever had any [estate] in the said manor of Farendissh, whereby he maintains (non intendit) that the king ought not to remove his hand [therefrom]. As to the manor of Pabenham, he says that the said Thomas acquired the same to him and his heirs by a fine levied in the king’s court, and in such estate died sole tenant, without that, that the said Adam and Hugh &c.
And the said William Croiser, for the aforesaid lords, says that in the said certificate it was not found in what towns the lands &c. are, for which the said John de Pabenham paid scutage, nor for what lands &c. and by the said inquisitions it fully appears that the said manors of Pabenham and Hynnewyk are held of the said Elizabeth le Latymer by knight’s service; and by another certificate of the exchequer sent to the court here it was found that the said John de Pabenham held of the said King John (sic) the manors of Wylden and Carleton, co. Bedford, by knight’s service, and so he says that the said manors are the same tenements for which the said John de Pabenham pays scutage; in which manors the said Thomas de Pabenham on the day he died had nothing, as was found by another inquisition made thereon and returned into the chancery, whereto the said Master John does not show by record anything to the contrary, nor is any office held which serves the king in this regard, [therefore] he seeks judgment, and that the king may cause his hand to be removed from the said lands &c. which are so held of the said lords. And as to the lands &c. of which it is asserted that the said Alice was jointly enfeoffed with the said Thomas, sometime her husband, the aforesaid William, for himself and the said Alice, says that the said Thomas on the day he died had no estate in the said lands &c. in Hynewyk and Harewold, and in the said manors of Farendissh and Pabenham, unless jointly enfeoffed with the said Alice his wife, according to the aforesaid fines and inquisitions; and this he is prepared to verify.
And the said Master John, for himself and the king, says that the said Thomas died sole seised of all the lands &c. in Hynewyk, Harewold and Thenford, and of the said manors of Farendissh and Pabenham, without that, that the said Adam and Hugh, who, the said Alice pretended, had surrendered the aforesaid tenements to her and the said Thomas, sometime her husband, by the aforesaid fines, were ever seised of the said tenements and manors; and this he is prepared to verify for himself and the king. And the said William says, for himself and the said Alice, that the said Adam and Hugh were seised of the said tenements, and afterwards by the fines aforesaid surrendered them to the said Thomas and Alice, as above alleged, and of such estate [being] jointly [enfeoffed] &c. and this he is prepared to verify. And the said Master John, for himself and the king, likewise, therefore &c. The said Master John also says that the said fee and a quarter of a knight’s fee, for which the said John de Pabenham paid scutage, are all the said lands &c. in Hynewyk and Pabenham, and that the said John de Pabenham, who paid scutage &c. had nothing in the said manors of Wilden and Carleton, but that John, son of the said John, afterwards acquired the reversion of the said manor of Wilden in fee, whereby it cannot be understood that the said scutage used to be paid as well for other tenements as for the said tenements in Hynewyk. And the said William says, as to this, that the said Master John alleges that the said lands &c. in Hynewyk and Pabenham are the same tenements for which the said John de Pabenham paid scutage. The said William Croiser, for the aforesaid lords, says that since the said Master John does not show a record, nor whether there was any office by which the contrary of the said inquisitions was proved, he maintains that, by the things so alleged by the said Master John, the said tenements ought not to remain in the king’s hand.
And thereupon a day was given to the parties here &c. on the octave of St. Michael, saving to the parties &c. On which day the said parties come, and the said Master John, as well for the king as for himself, says as before &c. and likewise says that the said Thomas by a fine in the king’s court acquired in fee [from the said John son of John] the reversion of the said manor of Wilden, which Joan, late the wife of John de Pabenham, held for her life, of the inheritance of John son of John de Pabenham, and thereupon he exhibited a transcript of the note of the said fine sent into the court here, testifying the same; which manor, as the said William above acknowledged, is held of the king by knight’s service, and so by reason of that reversion so acquired as if the said Thomas had held the said manor in demesne, the wardship of all the said lands &c. belongs to the king, and he seeks that the said lands &c. may remain in the king’s wardship until the full age &c.
And thereupon a day was given to the parties &c. until the quinzaine of Easter next, at which quinzaine the said Roger de Grey and Elizabeth la Latymer come by the said William le Croiser their attorney, and say that by a certain inquisition, taken ex officio and returned into the king’s chancery, it was found that the said Thomas on the day of his death had nothing in the said manor, either in demesne or in reversion, and this they are ready to verify. And the said Master John says that, by the allegation of the said William made above, it is supposed that the said Alice, wife of the said William, was enfeoffed jointly with the said Thomas, sometime her husband, of the said tenements in Hynewyk and Pabenham &c. which are so held of the said lords; which estate the said Roger and Elizabeth do not gainsay; and, while that estate lasts, the said lords cannot have the wardship of the said tenements or demand any profit therefrom by reason of such wardship, especially when the said joint tenancy is not yet broken up nor do they deny (?) the fine; which reversion of the said manor of Wilden, which is held of the king as of the honour of Dover, which honour is of the king’s crown, the said Thomas acquired, nor do they show any deed, by which he demised the said reversion afterwards with the king’s licence. He maintains that they ought not to be admitted to that verification. And afterwards the said Roger and Elizabeth and other said lords having been solemnly called, the said Roger comes by the said William Croiser, and the others did not come. And the said Roger, not acknowledging that the said note had been made, says that though a note of that kind were made, which he does not acknowledge, it does not appear that the said Thomas was seised of the said reversion by reason of the said note, nor that the said Joan had an estate of that kind for her life, nor that the said John, son of John de Pabenham, had such an estate in the aforesaid reversion that he could grant it to the said Thomas, wherefore it is not proved that the said Thomas was seised of the said reversion, and the said Roger is prepared to verify that the said Thomas had nothing on the day of his death in the said manor of Wilden, either in demesne or in reversion, [and] he seeks that the said verification may be admitted. And the said Master John, as well for himself as for the king, says as above that since the said Roger does not deny (?) that the said Joan held the said manor of Wilden for her life … said note … that the said John, son of John de Pabenham, at the time of the said grant was seised of the said reversion, and granted the same to the said Thomas … said note, so that the said Thomas was seised of the said reversion and [was] the king’s tenant by reason of the said reversion so acquired as of the right of his crown. And the said Roger shows that the said Thomas demised the reversion of the said manor with the king’s licence &c. and, although he shows a special fine whereby he demised the said reversion, if the said demise was made without the king’s licence, notwithstanding that demise, his title accrues [to the king?] in this respect … to hold … aforesaid; wherefore he seeks judgement, if the said verification be admitted, and if &c. [he is] prepared &c.
Afterwards a day was given to the said parties until the quinzaine of St. Michael next, by the king’s command, before the justices of both Benches and Robert de Sadyngton, chief baron of the exchequer, and others of the king’s council … the said William Croyser, in his own proper person, and as attorney for the said Alice his wife, offered that he should be sent before the king wherever &c. on the said plea … aforesaid … said joint tenancy, as is above alleged, that there might be inquiry thereof by the country … to this … record before the king wherever &c. And a day was given as well to the said Master John, … as to the said William and Alice his wife on … St. Hilary before the king, wherever &c. and the sheriff was commanded on the said day to cause to come 12 &c. And the said Roger Gray, being called, did not come, and the other lords did not come. Therefore let the abovesaid lands &c. remain in the king’s hand, notwithstanding the allegation or challenge of the said lords. (Undated and defective.)
Writ of certiorari to the treasurer and barons of the exchequer, commanding them to search the books, rolls and memoranda of the exchequer and certify what they find as to whether the manor of Wylden, co. Bedford, or any part thereof, is held of the king in chief or of others &c. 8 May, 20 Edward III.
Return of the treasurer and barons of the exchequer. On searching the rolls and memoranda of the exchequer it was found that John de Pabenham and John le White, late tenants proportionably of the manor of Wilden, co. Bedford, viz. in Michaelmas term, 4 Edward III, acknowledged at the exchequer that they held that manor of the king in chief, as of the honour of Peverell, by service of a knight’s fee, and that there are in the said manor twenty virgates of land, each containing 48a., and they make one whole knight’s fee; and that the said John le White holds thereof a virgate and 18a land by service of a twentieth part, a quarter of a twentieth part and a moiety of a quarter of a twentieth part of a knight’s fee, as parcel of a moiety of the said manor, which moiety was sometime of Ralph Tyrel, and thereof the said John le White showed the letters patent of King Edward II of licence to enter upon those tenements; and that the said John de Pabenham held all the residue of the said manor, viz. the residue of the said moiety of the manor, which was of Ralph Tyrel, by the enfeoffment of William de Norton and Alice his wife, with King Edward II’s licence, which he then showed, and the other moiety of the said manor by hereditary descent after the death of John de Pabenham his father, for which moiety he gave the king 50s. for relief. It was found moreover in a book of fees extracted from the inquisitions taken ex officio viz. in Bedford, under the heading of names of towns and of those holding them, where there is not a chief honour in the county of Bedford, that Ralph Ridel and Agnes his wife and Helen de Sancto Remigio held of the king in chief half a fee in Wilden, as of the honour of Dover, and that Peter Tyrel held half a fee in like manner in the same [town]. (Undated.)
Writ of certiorari to the treasurer and barons of the exchequer, commanding them to certify the king whether John de Pabenham held any lands &c. in Wyliden or elsewhere in co. Bedford of the king, as of the honour of Dover, 15 June, 21 Edward III.
Endorsed: Let it be enrolled in Holy Trinity term of the year 21, roll 19.
Return of the treasurer and barons of the exchequer. Having searched the rolls and memoranda of the exchequer, and having seen a certificate made at the exchequer in 25 Edward I, by Stephen de Pencestre, then constable of the castle of Dover, by virtue of a writ directed to him for certifying the then barons of the exchequer touching all wardships due to the said castle, and every fee … viz. who held them, and how much, and where, it was not found that any mention was made of any fees in co. Bedford held of the king as of the honour of Dover. It was found however in the red book of fees in cos. Bedford and Buckingham, among divers who held knights’ fees, under the title of the honour of Dover, thus, ‘John de Pabeham, octavam.’ And, in a certain book of fees, extracted from inquisitions taken ex officio, which book is had for evidence and not for record, [was found] a certain title, written on the margin of the said book, in cos. Bedford and Buckingham, thus, ‘Wilden de honore de Dovre.’ It was found, likewise, that John de Pabenham and John le White held the manor of Wilden proportionally &c. (as in a return above given), for a moiety whereof John de Pabenham gave 50s. for relief. The said John de Pabenham also acknowledged in the same Michaelmas term, 4 Edward III, that he held of the king in chief a certain wood called Carleton Park in co. Bedford by service of a fifth part of a knight’s fee, no mention being made in the said acknowledgment of any honour, for which wood he gave the king 20s. for relief. It has not been found at present in the king’s exchequer that John de Pabenham held any lands &c. in Wylden, or elsewhere in co. Bedford, of the king as of the said honour of Dover on the day he died, or any other lands &c. in the county of the king in chief or by any service. (Undated.)
C. Edw. III. File 78. (1.)
599. WILLIAM DE ROOS, of Yolton.
Writ, 30 January, 19 Edward III.
YORK. Inq. taken at York on Tuesday after the quinzaine of Holy Trinity, 19 Edward III.
Lynton. A toft held to the said William and the heirs of his body, of the heir of William de Roos of Hamelak who held of the king in chief, a minor and in the king’s wardship, by service of a barbed arrow yearly.
Yolton. The manor (extent given) held jointly with Elizabeth his wife, who still survives, of the same heir by service of an eighth part of a knight’s fee, to hold to them for their lives, with remainder to Joan their daughter and her heirs for ever, by a fine levied in the court of King Edward II; and five messuages, a toft, 20a. land, 2 1/2a. meadow, 60a. wood and 10a. pasture similarly held, with similar remainder, of the treasurer of the church of St. Peter, York, by fealty, by the form of the fine aforesaid.
Lynton. Two tofts and two bovates of land similarly held, with similar remainder, of the said heir of William de Ros of Hamelak, by service of 1lb. pepper yearly, according to the fine aforesaid.
Thoraldthorp and Flathwath. Nine messuages, six and a half bovates and 11 1/2a. of land in Thoraldthorp, and two tofts, four bovates of land, a windmill and 6a. wood in Flathwath, similarly held, with similar remainder, of Sir Thomas Wake by knight’s service, according to the form of the fine aforesaid.
Southholme in Ridale. The manor held jointly with the said Elizabeth, to them and the heirs of their bodies, of Sir John de Moubray by knight’s service.
He held no other lands &c. in the county.
He died on Monday the eve of St. Andrew last. The said Joan, whom John de Ellerker, the elder, married, is next heir of the said William and Elizabeth, as regards the tenements contained in the said fine; and the said Joan and Thomas son of Thomas de Musgrave, son of Margaret, lately deceased, sister of the said Joan, whom the said Thomas de Musgrave, the father, lately married, are next heirs of the said William and Elizabeth. The said Joan is aged 36 years and more, and the said Thomas son of Thomas de Musgrave is aged 8 years and more.
C. Edw. III. File 78. (2.)
600. JOHN DE HAULTON, knight (chivaler).
Writ, 7 April, 19 Edward III.
NORTHUMBERLAND. Inq. taken at Corbryg’ on Saturday after St. Mark, 19 Edward III.
Haulton and Claverworth. John de Haulton enfeoffed John de Lowther of the manors, except two messuages, 17 cottages, 60a. land and 21a. meadow of the said manor of Haulton, to hold of the king by the services thereto belonging for ever. And afterwards the said John de Lowther in the time of King Edward II, granted the said manors to the said John de Haulton and rendered them to him, by fine in the king’s court, to hold of the king as above for his life, with successive remainders of a moiety of the said manors to Robert de Lowther and Eleanor his wife and the heirs of their bodies, to Thomas de Lowther and Margaret his wife and the heirs of their bodies, and to the right heirs of the said John de Haulton; and successive remainders of the other moiety to Thomas de Lowther and Margaret his wife and the heirs of their bodies, to the said Robert and Eleanor and the heirs of their bodies, and to the right heirs of the said John de Haulton. He held nothing of any others than the king. The aforesaid manors are held of the king by foreign service of cornage, viz. 14d. yearly, by suit at the county (court) of Northumberland, and by service of rendering yearly 4l. of silver at the king’s castle of Newcastle-upon-Tyne.
He died on 31 March last. Eleanor the wife of Robert de Lowther, Agnes the wife of William Coteler, and Margaret the wife of William de Kernetby, sometime the wife of the said Thomas de Lowther, now deceased, are his next heirs and of full age.
C. Edw. III. File 78 (3.)